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MAY  U  h  J992 
Allen  County  Public  Libraiy 




Cork  Historical  &  Archaeological 



Digitized  by  the  Internet  Archive 
in  2014 

Cork :  Guy  &■  Co.  Ltd ,  P?inters  and  Publishers,  70  Patrick  Street. 


[second  series.] 

Contributefc  papers* 


First  Musketry  Cavalry.  Notes  from  the  Orderly  Book  of  the  First 
Troop  of  the  Muskerry  Legion  of  Yeomanry  Cavalry,  1796,  with 
reduced  facsimile  of  page  of  Orderly  Book.  Robert  Day,  f.s.a., 
pres.        ........  1 

The  Rise  and  Progress  in  Munster  of  the  Rebellion,  1642,  with  Illus- 
tration. (From  a  Manuscript  in  the  British  Museum.)  Edited  by 
Herbert  Webb  Gillman,  b.l.,  vice-pres.  -  -  -  -11,63 

Part  ii.  of  the  Sloane  Manuscript.  A  True  Relation  of  certain  particular 
passages  between  His  Majesty's  Army  and  the  Rebels  in  the  Province 
of  Munster    -  -  -  -  -  -  -  68 

Notes  from  the  Council  Book  of  Clonakilty — Municipal  Records  of 
Clonakilty,  1675  to  1802.    Collected  by  Dorothea  Townshend. 

30,  79,  129,  172,  220,  27O,  320 

Cork  M.P.'s,  1559-1800.  Being  a  Biographical  Dictionary  of  the  Mem- 
bers of  Parliament  for  the  City,  the  County,  and  the  Boroughs  of 
the  County  of  Cork,  from  the  earliest  Returns  to  the  Union. 
C.  M.  Tenison,  b.l..  m.r.i.a.        -  -  37,  136,  178,  225,  274,  323,  368 


Morres,  Lodge  Evans  (afterwards  MacCarthy,  Owen  -          -  39 

Lord  Frankfort)        -          -  37  McDonnell,  Charles     -          -  39 

Morris,  Abraham         -          -  37  Nagle,  David    -          -          -  39 

Morris,  Jonas    -          -          -  37  Nagle,  Sir  Richard,  knt.          -  39 

Morris,  Samuel  -          -          ■  37  Newenham,  Thomas     -          -  39 

Murrough  (or  Morrogh),  Andrew  37  Norris,  Sir  John,  knt.    -          -  40 

MacCarthy,  Charles      -          -  38  Nugent,  Major-General  George 

MacCarthy  (Reagh),  Daniel      -  38  (afterwards  Sir  George  Nugent, 

MacCarthy,  Daniel,  "Fion"    -  38  bart.)  -          -          -          -  40 

MacCarthy,  Sir  Donough,  knt.  O'Brien,  Donogh  -          -  40 

(afterwards  Viscount  Muskerry  O'Brien,  Hon.  James    -  -  40 

and  Earl  of  Clancarty)          -  38  O'Callaghan,  Hon.  Sir  Robert 

MacCarthy,  Dermot      -          -  38  William        -          -          -  40 

MacCarthy,  Justin  (afterwards  ti-  O'Donovan, Daniel  (The  O'Dono- 

tular  Viscount  Mountcashell)  -  38  van)  ....  136 



Cork  M.P.'s — could. 


O'Donovan,  Daniel  (or  Donnell)  -  1 36 

O'Donovan,  Jeremiah      -  -  136 

Oliver,  Charles     -  -  130 

Oliver,  Robert  -  137 

O'Neill,  Charles  -  -  137 
Orde,  The  Right  Hon.  Thomas 

(afterwards  Cord  Bolton)  -  j  37 
Ormsby,  John  -  -  137 
Palmes,  Lieut-General  Francis  -  137 
Parker,  Brigadier-General  Gervais  137 
Parker,  Matthew  -  -  138 
Peere,  Lott  -  138 
Perceval,  Sir  John,  bail.  -  -  138 
Perceval,  Sir  John,  bait,  (after- 
wards Earl  of  Egmont)  -  -  138 
Petty,  Henry  (afterwards  Earl  of 

Shelburne)  -  138 

Petty,  Sir  William,  knt.   -  -  139 

Phillips,  William  -          -  -  139 

Pierce  (or  Piers),  Henry   -  C39 

Pigot,  Emanuel     -        "  -  -  139 

Pigott,  Thomas     -          -  -  139 

Pomfreide  (or  Pomfret),  John  -  178 

Ponsonby,  Richard  -  -  178 
Ponsonby,    William  (Brabazon), 

(afterwards  Lord  Ponsonby)  -  178 
Ponsonby,  William  (afterwards  Sir 

William)  -  -  -  178 
Pooley,  Robert  -  -  -  178 
Pooley,  Thomas  -  -  -  1 79 
Portyngall,  John  -  -  179 
Powell,  Edmond  -  -  -  179 
Power,  John  -  -  -  179 
Prittie,  Francis  Aid  borough  -  179 
Prendergast,  Thomas  -  -  179 
Price,  Cromwell  -  -  -  1 79 
Purdon,  Bartholomew  -  -  180 
Purdon,  Henry  -  -  -  180 
Purdon,  Sir  Nicholas  -  -  180 
Read,  John  -  -  -  180 
Richardson,  Edward  -  -  180 
Riggs,  Edward  -  .  -  180 
Roche,  David  FitzThomas,  knt.  -  180 
Roche,  Alderman  Dominick  -  181 
Roche,  Dominick  -  -  -  181 
Roche,  James  -  -  -  181 
Roche,  James  -  -  -  181 
Roche,  Patrick  -  -  -  181 
Roche,  Philip  -  -  181 
Roche,  Philip  -  -  -  225 
Roche,  Redmond  -  -  -  225 
Rochford,  Robert  -  -  225 
Rogers,  George  -  -  -  225 
Rogers,  Alderman  Robert  -  225 
Ronaine,  Alderman  Theobald  -  225 
Rowley,  Samuel  Campbell  -  226 
Rowley,  William  -  -  -  226 
Rugg,  Henry  -  -  -  226 
St.  George,  Richard  -  -  226 
St.  Leger,  Arthur  (afterwards  Vis- 
count Doneraile)  -  227,  409 
St.  Leger,  Hon.  Arthur  (afterwards 

second  Viscount  Doneraile)  -  227 

St.  Leger,  Hon.  Barry  Boyle  -  227 


St.  Leger,  Hon.  Hayes     -  -  227 

St.    Leger,    Hayes  (afterwards 

\  LSCOUnl  Doneraile)      -  -  227 

St.  Leger,  Hayward  -  227 

St.  Leger,  John    -  -  274 

St.  Leger,  Sir  John,  knt.  -  274 

St.  Leger,  John    -  -  274 

St.  Leger,  Hon.  Richard  -  -  274 
St.  Leger,  St.  Leger  (formerly  St. 
Leger  Aldworlh,  and  afterwards 

Viscount  Doneraile)      -  -  274 

St.  Leger,  Sir  William,  knt.  -  275 

Sarsfield,  Thomas  -  -  275 

Sarsfield,  Sir  William,  knt.  -  275 

Sheares,  Henry     -  -  276 

Sheridan,  Charles  Francis  -  -  276 

Silver,  John                    -  -  276 

Silver,  Owen        -          -  -  276 

Skipwith,  Edward           -  -  276 

Slingsby,  Sir  Francis        -  -  276 

Smith,  Boyle        -          -  -  277 

Sonkeston,  Sir  Roger       -  -  277 

Southwell,  Edward  -  -  277 
Southwell,    Edward  (afterwards 

Lord  Clifford  or  de  Clifford)  -  277 
Southwell,  William  -  323 
Stannard,  Eaton  -  -  -  323 
vStaunton,  Miles  (Sir  Miles,  knt,  qy)  323 
Stawell,  Anthony  -  -  -  323 
Stawell,  Jonas  -  -  324 
Stawell,  Jonas  -  -  -  324 
Sudley,  Lord  (Arthur  Gore),  (after- 
wards Earl  of  Arran)  -  -  324 
Tonson,  Richard  -  -  -  324 
Tonson,  William  (formerly  William 
Hall,  and  afterwards  Lord 
Riversdale)  -  -  -  324 
Townsend,  Bryan  -  -  -  325 
Townsend,  John  -  -  -  325 
Townsend,  Richard  .  -  -  325 
Townsend,  Richard  -  -  325 
Travers,  James  -  -  -  325 
Travers,  Sir  Robert,  knt.  -  -  325 
Tynte,  Sir  Henry  -  -  326 
Tynte,  James  -  -  -  326 
Tyrry,  David  -  -  -  326 
Tyrry,  Edmond  -  -  -  326 
Uniacke,  James  -  -  -  326 
Uniacke,  Robert  -  -  -  368 
Uniacke,  Alderman  Thomas  -  368 
Vesey,  Agmondesham  -  -  368 
Waller,  James  -  -  -  368 
Waller,  John  -  -  -  369 
Walshe,  John  -  -  -  369 
Ware,  Sir  James,  knt.  -  -  369 
Warren,  Augustus  (afterwards  bart. )  369 
Warren,  Thomas  -  -  -  369 
Webber,  Edward  -  -  370 
Wenman,  Sir  Thomas  -  -  370 
Wentworth,  Sir  George,  knt.  -  370 
Wiseman,  William  -  -  370 
Wood,  Attiwell  -  -  -  371 
Woodward,  Benjamin  Blake  -  371 




Extracts  from  Old  Minute  Book  of  Duhallow  Hunt,  1800  to  1808. 

Copied  by  Major  James  Grove- White,  j.p.  -  -  -  49 

The  Sacred  Tree  of  Clenor,  with  Illustration.    James  Byrne,  m.r.s.a.  59 
An  Historical  Account  of  the  Dominicans  of  Cork,  from  1229,  the 
year  of  their  first  foundation  in  the  City,  to  our  own  times,  with 
Portraits.    Rev.  James  A.  Dwyer,  o.p.  -  -  -  97 

Chap.  vi.    Great  and  Good  Men  -    97     Conclusion     -  -  -  ill 

A  Chapter  on  Posies.  Robert  Day,  f.s.a.,  pres.  -  -  -  112 
Around  Cork  with  Pen  and  Pencil — Armorial  Stone  in  Blarney  Street, 

with  Illustration.  J.  P.  D.  -  -  -  -  -  122 
Some  Bishops  of  Cloyne.    Very  Rev.  Horace  T.  Fleming,  d.d.,  Dean 

of  Cloyne.            -          -          -          -          -          -          -  125 

The  Old  Countess.    M.  T.  Kelly.       -          -          -          -          -  145 

Souterrain  at  Deelish,  county  Cork,  with  Plan  and  Illustration.    H.  F. 

Webb  Gillman,  i.c.s.  -  -  -  -  -  153 
The  Folk-Lore  of  the  Months.    Mananaan  Mac  Lir,   -          -      157,  316,  365 

April        -  -  -  -  157     June  -  -  -365 

May         -  -  -  -  316 

County  Cork  Celebrities — Johnny  Roche,  with  Portrait.  J.  W.  B.     -  160 

Round  About  the  Walls  of  Cork.    John  FitzGerald.    -  -  -  168 

Muskerry  Yeomanry,  co.  Cork,  and  their  Times,  with  Illustrations. 

Herbert  Webb  Gillman,  b.l.,  vice-pres.  -  -  -  193,  241 

Parti.,  1796-1799-  -  -193'      Partii.,  1823-1827  &  1S43-4-  241 

The  MacFinnin  MacCarthys  of  Ardtully.    Randal  MacFinnin  Mac- 

Carthy.     -          -          -                    -          -          -  210 

The  Climate  of  Cork.    William  Miller.          -          -          -  -214,267 

The  Old  Cistercian  Abbeys  in  the  Diocese  of  Cashel  and  Emly,  with 

Illustrations.    Rev.  R.  H.  Long.            -          -          -  -  250 

Kanturk  Castle,  county  Cork,  with  Illustration.    M.  T.  Kelly.  257 

Medals,  with  Illustrations.    Robert  Day,  f.s.a.          -          -  -  260 

The  Silver  Medal  of  the  Royal  Irish  Constabulary        -  -  -  260 

Silver  Medal  of  the  Loyal  Cork  Volunteers  of  1796      -  -  -  262 

Round  Walled  Cork  from  across  the  River.    John  FitzGerald,  -  263 

Rebellion  164 1-2  described  in  a  Letter  of  Rev.  Urban  Vigors  to  Rev. 

Henry  Jones,  with  a  Note  of  Officers  engaged  at  the  Battle  of 

Liscarroll.  Contributed  by  Col.  Philip  D.  Vigors,  f.r.s.a.,  j.p.  -  289 
Caherconlish.    Rev.  J.  F.  Lynch.  -  307,  345,  385,  443,  467 

Blarney  Castle,  County  Cork:  Double  Structure  of  its  Keep,  with 

Plan  and  Illustration.    Cecil  Crawford  Woods,  f.r.s.a.   -  -  337 

The  Divisions  of  South  Munster  during  the  Tudor  Period.  W.  Butler.  360 
The  Tomb  of  an  Irish  Soldier  of  Fortune,  with  Illustration.  M. 

Eckardt,  Thierfeld,  Saxony         -  -  -  -  -  377 


Some  Prehistoric  Remains  still  existing  in  the  Parish  of  Donoughmore, 
Diocese  of  Cloyne,  County  Cork.  Letter  from  Ven.  Archdeacon 
John  Quarry,  d.d.,  to  the  President  -  381 

Philip  O'Sullivan  Bear:  Soldier,  Poet,  and  Historian,  with  "Com- 
pendium of  the  Catholic  History  of  Ireland,"  translated  from 
the  Latin.    Mathcw  J.  Byrne.  -  -     392,  423,  457,  516 

Tome  11.    Book  iv.    On  the  various  Vicissitudes  of  Ireland  under 

Elizabeth        .  -  -  •  ■  -  457 

Chapter     i.    General  Sketch  of  the  Tyranny  of  Elizabeth  and  Distrac- 
tions of  Ireland  .....  458 

Chapter    ii.    The  Memorable  Martyrdom  of  John  T  ravers,  D.D.  -459 
Chapter  iii.    The  Remarkable  Vicissitudes  of  John  O'Nell  (O'Neill), 

Prince  of  Tyrone,  most  worth  Recording        -  -  459 

Chapter   iv.    On  the  Earl  of  Clanricarde  ....  462 

Chapter    v.    On  the  O'Morres  (O'Moores)  and  the  O'Conchurs  (O'Con- 
nors) of  Ophaly  (Offaly)  ....  -  462 

Chapter   vi.    Tyranny  of  Cosby,  an  Englishman  -  -  -  463 

Chapter  vii.    On  Cathal  O'Connor  Macfort,  an  Englishman,  and  an 

instance  of  English  Treachery  -  -  464 

Chapter  viii.    The  Geraldines  (Fitzgeralds)  of  Mamonia  (Munster)        -  464 
Chapter   ix.    War  of  McCarthy  and  Earl  Desmond — James  Fitzgerald 

sails  for  Spain  -  -  -  -  -  -  516 

Chapter    x.    Richard,  Primate  of  Ireland,  a  Famous  Hero       -  -517 
Chapter   xi.    Patrick  O'Hely  (O'Healy),  Bishop  of  Mayo,  and  his  Com- 
rade, Connatius  O'Ruarke,  Franciscans  and  famous 
martyrs  -  -  -  -  -  -518 

Chapter  xii.    On  Miler  (Magrath),  Pseudo- Archbishop  of  Cashel         -  520 
Chapter  xiii.    Thomas  O'Hierlatha  (O'Herlihy),  Bishop  of  Ross,  an 

Illustrious  Man  -'  -  -  -  -  521 

Chapter  xiv.     Insurrections  in  Leinster  -----  522 

A  Glance  at  the  Earlier  Antiquities  of  the  County  of  Louth,  with 

Sketch  Map.    Major-General  F.  W.  Stubbs.         -  -  398 

Inscriptions  on  Stone  or  Metal     -  400     Of  Buildings  -  -  -  406 

Earthworks  -  -  -  402     Manufactured  Articles  -  407 

Structures  of  Stone  -         -  405 

The  Problem  of  the  Souterrains.    Some  in  County  Cork  Described, 
with    Illustration  and  Plan.     Herbert    Webb   Gillman,  b.l., 
vice-pres.  -  -  -  -  -  -  417 

Kilberehert  Rath  Souterrain         -  417     Garranes  Rath  Souterrain      -  420 

Journal  of  Mr.  Samuel  Reily,  when  he  and  Mr.  Peter  Maguire,  Wine 
Merchant  of  Cork,  were  taken  by  the  Rebels,  while  proceeding 
to  Dublin  by  the  Royal  Mail  Coach  in  September,  1798.  -  428 

The  Condons  of  Cloghleigh,  Barony  of  Condons  and  Clongibbons, 

with  Illustration.    P.  Raymond.       -  -  -  477,  509 

The  Made  Grounds  of  Cork  City.    John  FitzGerald.   -  -  485 

Blessed  Thaddeus  McCarthy,  bishop  of  Cork  and  Cloyne,  1490-92, 

with  Illustrations.    Rev.  P.  Hurley  $  p.p.  -  -  -  497 

The  Synans  of  Doneraile.    Mananaan  Mac  Lir         -  -  -  523 



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Loftus  ------ 

Robert  Day,  f.s.a. 

/i  n  t 
4y  1 

Ludden  - 

James  Grene  Barry 

45  2 

McCartie  of  Clidane 

"  Breviator  " 


Minerva  Rooms,  Cork  - 

William  Callaghan 


Motion  of  the  Earth  near  Charleville,  1697 

J.  Buckley 


Nixon  ------ 

A.  R. 


Notes  on  the  Council  Book  of  Clonakilty 

H.  D.  Connor 


Old  Dan,  with  Portrait 

V.  W.  B. 


Order  of  the  Friendly  Brothers  of  St.  Patrick  - 

"  Old  Cork" 


Phelam  O'Connor,  of  Kerry  - 

"  Breviator  " 


Philip  "Ash"  



Posies  ------ 

Robert  Day,  f.s.a. 


Posy  Rings  ----- 






C.  O'K.  Smith 



Rev.  John  Lyons,  p.p. 


Rev.  Joseph  Synge 

"  Breviator" 


Sir  Henry  Browne-I  I  ayes 

G.  B.  Barton 


Some  Old  Names 

Rev.  J.  F.  Lynch 

Some  Stray  Notes 


42,  88 

Springmount    -  ... 

"  Breviator  " 


Temple  Michael 

Rev.  J.  F.  Lynch 


The  Legend  of  Birdhill 


The  Rise  and  Progress  in  Munster  of  the 

Rebellion,  1642  .... 

J.  Grove  White 


"  The  Sportsman  in  Ireland  "  - 

Robert  Day,  f.s.a 


Vosterburgh    -  - 




flMscellaneous*  . 


Original  Documents — 

Index  Testamentorium  olim  in  Registro  Corcagiae  (1600-1802)  44,  93,  143, 
189,  239,  280,  329,  372,  411,  453,  455,  493,  535, 
Supplementary  Index  ([802  to  1833)  191,  236,  331,  375,  411,  414, 

454,  496,  535 

Proceedings  of  the  Society — 

Conversazione  of  the  Cork  Historical  and  Archaeological  Society 

and  Cork  Naturalists'  Field  Club         -  -  -  -  182 

The  Rude  Stone  Monuments  of  this  and  other  Lands.  Lecture 

by  Dr.  Ringrose  Atkins  -  -  -  -  -  185 

Fourth  Annual  General  Meeting  -  -  -  -  -  228 

Index  to  the  Cork  Marriages  from  a.d.  1623  to  1750  -  229 

Documents  and  Articles  lent  to  the  Society  -  -  -  229 

Exhibits  by  Mr.  Robert  Day,  f.s  a.   -  -  -  -  229 

Early  Copper  Celts       -  -  -  -  229 

Finger  Ring  of  O'Brien,  the  Irish  Giant,  with  Illustration  230 

Medal  of  the  Irish  Volunteers,  with  Illustration  -  231 

Exhibits  by  Rev.  J.  W.  Hopkins — African  Fetishes  -  -  233 

Reviews  of  Books — 

"Eddies."    By  T.  H.  Wright  47 

"  Chapters  in  an  Adventurous  Life—Sir  Richard  Church  in  Italy 

and  Greece."    By  E.  M.  Church      -  -  -  192 

"  An  Octogenarian  Literary  Life — The  Autobiography  of  James 

Roderick  O'Flanagan,  b.l.,  m.r.i.a."  -  -  -  376 

Necrology — 

Richard  Barter,  Sculptor  -  -----  85 

Local  Poetry — 

The  Wild  Goose — The  Irish  Cavalier,  1690.  Horace  Townshend  278 
Cremona,  1740.    Horace  Townshend  .... 

Index  to  Marriage  Licence  Bonds  of  the  Diocese  of  Cork  and  Ross, 
Ireland,  for  the  years  from  1623  to  1750.  Preserved  in  the  Public 
Record  Office  of  Ireland.  Copied,  with  the  permission  of  the 
Master  of  the  Rolls,  from  the  Index  prepared  in  the  Public  Record 
Office,  by  Herbert  Webb  Gillman,  b.l.,  j.p.,  vice-pres.  (Separate 
pagination^  commencing  in  August  number). 

Zhc  Cork  Ifoistorical  &  Hrcbaeolooical  Society 

Ipresioent : 

Robert  Day,  J.P.,  F.S.A.,  M.R.I. A.,  F.R.S.A. 

Wice^ipresiDent : 

Herbert  Webb  Gillman,  B.A.,  J. P.,  B.L 

1foon.  {Treasurer: 

Thomas  Farrington,  M.A.,  F.C.S.,  F.I.C 



tfon.  Secretaries: 

Denham  Franklin,  J. P.,  T.C,  74,  South  Mall,  Cork.      John  O'Mahony,  M.R.S.A,  Dublin. 

Francis  W.  Allman. 
Wm.  Ringrose  Atkins,  F.C.A.,  M.R.S.A. 
Very  Rev.  R.  L.  Browne,  O.S.F.,  M.R.S.A. 
T.  J.  Clanchy,  J.  P. 

W.  A.  Copinger,  B.L.,  LL.D.,  F.S.A.,  F.R.S.A 
Thomas  Crosbie,  F.J.I. 
Henry  Dale,  Aid.,  J. P. 
John  Paul  Dalton. 
C.  G.  Doran,  Architect,  etc. 
Rev.  James  A.  Dwyer,  O.P. 
John  Fitzgerald. 

Council ; 

M.  J.  Fitzgerald,  B.L.,  Ballykenally. 
Arthur  Hill,  B.E.,  M.R.I.A.,  F.R.S.A. 
Rev.  P.  Hurley,  P.P.,  M.R.S.A.,  Inchigeela. 
Miss  H.  A.  Martin,  M.R.C.P. 
Rev.  Canon  Courtenay  Moore,  M. A., M.R.S.A. 
George  M.  Moore,  M.R.S.A. 
Very  Rev.  J.  Canon  Murphy,  D.D.,  M.R.S.A 
Henry  L.  Tivy,  M.R.S.A. 
Robert  Walker,  J.P.,  A.M.I.C.E.,  P.P.S.A. 
Rev.  W.  Whitelegge,  M.A. 

Cecil  C.  Woods,  F.R.S.A. 

Boitina  ano  Revising  Committee  : 

Robert  Day,  J. P.  (President);  Herbert  W.  Gillman,  J. P.  (Vice-President)',  William  Ringrose  Atkins  (Council  Member); 
W.  A.  Copinger,  LL.D.  (Council  Member)  ;  Rev.  James  A.  Dwyer,  O.P '.  (Council  Member);  John  Paul  Dalton  (Council 
Member);  Denham  Franklin,  T.P.  (Secretary). 

NOTE.— The  Council  wish  it  to  be  distinctly  understood  that  they  do  not  hold  themselves  responsible  for  the 
statements  and  opinions  contained  in  the  Papers  read  at  the  Meetings  of  the  Society,  and  printed  in  this  Journal. 
All  MSS.  submitted  to  Committee  for  publication  must  be  legibly  written,  on  one  side  of  paper,  and  sent  to  the  Hon. 
Secretary,  D.  Franklin,  Esq.,  74,  South  Mall,  Cork. 

baronial  1bon.  Secretaries: 





Carbery  East 
Condons  and 


Ibane  and  Barryroe 

Rev.  J.  C.  Buckley,  P.P.,  Mourne 

Abbey,  Mallow. 
Rev.  Edmond  Barry,  P.P.,  M.R.I. A., 

F.R.S.A.,  Rathcormac. 


Rev.  Canon  Courtenay  Moore,  M.A., 
M.R.S.A.,  Mitchelstown. 

K.  B.  Williams,  Brookside,  Mallow. 
James  Byrne,  J.P.,  M.R.S.A.,  Walls- 
town  Castle,  Mallow. 






Muskerry  East 

Very  Rev.  Horace  T.  Fleming,  D.D., 

M.R.S.A.,  The  Deanery,  Cloyne. 
Charles  Ronayne,  M.  D. ,  South  Abbey, 

Rev.  Canon  J.  R.  Brougham,  M.A., 

Rev.  J.  H.  Cole,  Innishannon. 
Rev.  M.  Fleming,  St.  Patrick's,  Upton. 
Rev.     John    W.     Hopkins,  B.A., 

M.R.S.A.,  Conna. 

H.  W.  Gillman,  Rev.  H.  E.  Ruby, 
and  R.  Crooke. 

Muskerry  West      ..  Rev.    P.  Hurley,    P.P.,  M.R.S.A., 

Orrery  and  Kilmore  C.  J.  Miller,  Charleville. 


1.  — The  Society  shall  be  called  "The  Cork  Historical  and 
Archaeological  Society." 

2.  — The  objects  of  the  Society  shall  be  the  collection,  pre- 
servation, and  diffusion  of  all  available  information  regarding 
the  past  of  the  City  and  County  of  Cork,  and  to  provide  for  the 
keeping  of  a  record  of  local  current  events. 

3.  — The  Society  shall  be  governed  by  a  Council,  consisting  of 
a  President,  two  Vice-Presidents,  an  Hon.  Treasurer,  Hon. 
Secretary,  and  not  more  than  twenty-four  other  members,  to  be 
elected  annually  at  the  Annual  General  Meeting  of  the  Society. 

4.  — On  a  vacancy  occurring  in  the  office  of  President,  or  other 
office  of  the  Society,  or  in  the  Council,  the  Council  shall  have  the 
power  to  fill  such  vacancy  until  the  following  Annual  Meeting. 

5-  — Candidates  for  membership  shall  be  proposed  by  a  member, 
seconded  by  another  member,  and  submitted  to  the  Council  for 

6.  — The  Annual  Subscription  shall  be  7s.  6d.,  payable  in 
advance,  and  shall  be  due  on  each  January  1st. 

7.  — Members  whose  subscriptions  are  in  arrear  for  more  than 
one  year  shall  be  removed  from  the  Society's  roll,  but  may  be 
reinstated  by  the  Council  at  their  discretion. 

8.  — Members  shall  be  entitled  to  receive  all  the  ordinary 
publications  of  the  Society  free  ;  and  they  shall  also  be  entitled 
to  receive  all  special  issues  of  the  Society  at  such  subscription 
price  as  may  be  determined  by  the  Council.  The  publications 
of  the  Society  shall  not  be  supplied  to  Members  whose 
subscriptions  are  in  arrear  for  more  than  three  Numbers. 

9.  — The  Society  shall  meet  in  the  Library  of  the  Cork  School 
of  Art,  or  in  such  other  place,  and  at  such  time  as  the  Council 
may  from  time  to  time  determine,  for  the  purpose  of  hearing 
some  paper  or  papers  upon  matters  connected  with  the  objects 
and  purposes  of  the  Society.  Such  papers  may  afterwards  be 
printed  in  the  Journal  of  the  Society,  according  to  the  discretion 
of  the  Council. 

10.  — Each  Member  shall  be  entitled  to  introduce  one  visitor 
at  any  of  the  ordinary  meetings  of  the  Society. 

11.  — The  Annual  General  Meeting  of  the  Society,  to  receive 
the  Report  of  the  Council  and  Statement  of  Accounts,  to  elect 
Officers  and  Council,  and  to  consider  amendments  to  the  Rules, 
of  which  due  notice  shall  have  been  given,  shall  be  held  at  such 
time  and  place  as  the  Council  may  determine. 

12.  — An  account  of  the  receipts  and  disbursements,  assets,  and 
liabilities,  duly  audited  and  made  up  to  the  31st  day  of  Decem- 
ber of  the  previous  year,  shall  be  laid  before  the  Annnal 

13.  — Two  Auditors  shall  be  appointed  annually  by  the  Society 
at  the  Annual  General  Meeting. 

14.  — The  Rules  shall  not  be  altered,  except  at  the  Annual 
General  Meeting  of  the  Society,  or  at  an  Extraordinary  Meeting 
specially  summoned  by  the  Council,  or  upon  the  signed  requisi- 
tion of  ten  Members  of  the  Society  for  that  purpose.  Notice 
of  any  proposed  alteration  of  the  Rules  shall  be  made  in  Avriting 
and  sent  to  the  Hon.  Secretary  not  less  than  one  month  preced 
ing  the  meeting  at  which  it  is  to  be  proposed. 



ROLL  OF  MEMBERS,  1896. 


1893  Addicks,  J.  E.   C.  O'Sullivan,  247,  Fifth 

Avenue,  New  York,  U.S.A. 
1892    Advocates  Library,  Edinburgh. 

1 89 1  Alcock,  A.  M.,  M.D.,  Innishannon. 

1892  Alcock-Stawell,  Col.  William  St.  Leger,  D.L., 

Kilbrittan  Castle,  co.  Cork. 
1892    Alcorn,  Rev.  EL,  A.K.,  Farahy  Rectory,  Castle- 
tow  nroche. 

1 891  Allman,  Francis  W.,  Rath  Lee,  Sunday's  Well, 


1892  Andrews,  Joseph,  85,  Sunday's  Well  Road,Cork. 

1894  Archdall,  Very  Rev.  Dean,  D.D.,  the  Deanery, 


1896    Armstrong,  G.  A.,  c.e.,  Ardnacarrig,  Bandon 

1 89 1  Atkins,  William  Ringrose,  F.C.A.,  M.R.S.A., 

39,  South  Mall,  Cork. 

1892  Atkinson,  George  M.,  m.r.i.a.,  m.r.S.A.,  28, 

St.  Oswald's  Road,  Fulham,  London,  S.W. 

1891  Attridge,  Thomas  EL,  17,  South  Terrace,  Cork. 

1895  Avondhue  Club,  Walker's  Row,  Fermoy. 

1896  Bandon,  Countess  of,  Castle  Bernard,  Bandon. 
1896    Bandon  Town  Hall  News  Room 

1892  Bannister,   William,    j.p.,   Victoria  Lodge, 

Victoria  Cross,  Cork. 
1895    Barrett,  John,  Neville's  Terrace,  Macroom. 
1892    Barry,  James  Grene,  J.P.,  M.R.S.A.,  90,  George 

Street,  Limerick. 
1S92    Barry,  John  Harold,  J,P.,  D.L.,  Ballyvonare, 


1892  Barry,  M.  J.,  Montpellier Terrace,  Summerhill, 

1S92  Barry,  Rev.  Edmond,  p.p.,  m.r.i.a.,  f.r.s.a., 
Rathcormac,  co.  Cork. 

1 89 1  Barry,  Richard,  14,  Mardyke,  Cork. 
1895    Barry,  William  J.,  6,  Nile  Street,  Cork. 

1892  Barter,  Richard,  J. P.,  St.  Anne's  Hill,  Cork. 
1895    Barter,  T.  J.,  92,  Patrick  Street,  Cork. 

1892  Beale,  George  Cotter,  Elmgrove,  Ballyhooly 
Road,  Cork. 

1892  Beamish,  Capt.  Richard  Pigott,  D.L.,  Ash- 
bourne, Glounthaune,  Cork. 

1892    Beamish,  F.  J.,j.p.,  Lettercollum,Timoleague. 

1892    Beamish,  R.  H. ,  Ashbourne, Glounthaune, Cork. 

1892  Beamish,  W.  H.,  8,  The  Crescent,  Queens- 

1892    Bennett,  Charles  A.,  Glenorchy,  Tasmania. 
1892    Bennett,   George,  B.L.,  Bandon,  Coos  Co., 

1891  Bennett,  Joseph  H.,  solr.,  m.r.s.a.,  Warren's 

Place,  Cork. 

1892  Berry,  H.  F.,  m.a.,  t.c.d.,  b.l.,  60,  More- 

hampton  Road,  Dublin. 
1892    Bigger,  Francis  Joseph,  m.r.i.a.,  m.r.s.a., 

Ardrie,  Belfast. 
1892    Binchy,  William  P.,  Charleville. 


1892    Bodleian  Library,  Oxford. 

1892    Brady,  Rev.  James,  Dunmanway. 

1892    Brenan,  James,  R.H.A.,  m.r.i.a.,  m.r.s.a. 
8,  Palmerston  Road,  Rathmines,  Dublin. 

1892    Brennan,  Francis,  83,  Patrick  Street,  Cork. 

1892    British  Museum  Library,   Copyright  Office, 
Bloomsbury,  London. 

1892    Brougham,  Rev.  Canon  John  R.,  m.a  ,  Monks- 
town,  Cork. 

1891  Browne,  Very  Rev.  R.   L.,  O.S.F.,  M.R.S.A., 

Franciscan  Convent,  Cork. 

1892  Buckley,  James,  solr.,  Granard  co.  Longford. 
1892    Buckley,  M.  P.,  j.p.,  17,  South  Mall,  Cork. 
1892    Burke,  Rev.  John,  c.c,  Glandore,  co.  Cork. 
1892    Burke,  Rev.  Br.  J.  D.,  Lady's  Mount,  Cork. 
1892    Burke,  William  Evans,  C.E.,  Shamrock  Lodge, 

Douglas,  Cork. 

1894  Burtchaell,G.  D.,  m.a.,  ll.b.,  m.r.i.a.,  f  r.s  a., 

b.l.,  7,  Stephen's  Green,  Dublin. 

1895  Butler,  Prof.  W.  F.,  m.a.,  Queen's  College, 


1892    Byrne,  James,  J. P., m.r.s.a.,  Wallstown  Castle, 

1896  Byrne,  Matthew  J.,  Listowel. 

1892    Callaghan,  Rev.  T.,  San  Mateo,  California, 

1895    Callaghan,  Wm.  A.,  Hose,  Melton  Mowbray 
1892    Canty,  T.  J.,  J. p.,  The  Square,  Clonakilty. 
1892    Carnegie,  J.  D.,  j.p.,  11,  Prince  of  Wales 

Terrace,  Bray,  co.  Wicklow. 
1892    Carrigan,  Rev.  William,  c.c. ,  m.r.s.a.,  Tem- 

pleorum,  Piltown,  co.  Kilkenny. 

1891  Carroll,  J.  H.,  80,  South  Mall,  Cork. 

1892  Carroll,  J.  T.,  5,  Copthall  Buildings,  Throg- 

morton  Street,  London,  E.  C. 
1894    Carver,  Rev.  John,  p.p.,  Castletownroche. 

1894  Casey,  Henry  J.  P.,  20,  St.  Patrick's  Hill.  Cork. 

1895  Cashman,  Rev.  Thomas  F,  658,  Jackson  Boule- 

vard, Chicago,  111.,  U.S.A. 
1892    Castletown,   Right   Hon.    Lord,   of  Upper 
Ossery,  j.p.,  D.L.,  f.r.s.a.,  Doneraile Court, 
co.  Cork. 

1 895  Cavanagh,  Very  Rev.  M.  A. ,  O.  S.  F. ,  Franciscan 

Convent,  Drogheda. 

1896  Cavanagh,    Michael,    1 159,    Fourth  Street, 

N.E.  Washington  City,  Dist.  Columbia, 

1894    Charles,  Professor  J.  J.,  m.a.,,  m.d., 
f.r.s.e.,  f.r.u.i.,  1,  Alexandra  Place,  Cork. 

1891  Clanchy,T.  J.,  J.P.,  Sunville,  St.  Luke's, Cork. 

1892  Clarke,  Arthur,  solr.,  48,  South  Mall,  Cork, 
1892    Cleburne,  William,  25,  West  1st  South  Street 

Salt  Lake  City,  U.S.A. 
1892    Clery,  J.  W.,  j.p.,  Westboro'  House,  Middle 
Glanmire  Road,  Cork. 



Elected  .     v  . 

1892  Clery  and  Co.,  (T.  Hanley,  Librarian),  Lower 

Sackville  Street,  Dublin. 

1893  Coakley,  D.  J.,  c.e.,  Charlotte  Quay,  Cork. 
1892    Cockle,  Rev.  F.  T.,M.A.,The  Rectory,  Rivers- 
town,  co.  Sligo. 

1892    Cochrane,  Robert,  C.E.,  F.S.A.,  f.r.i.b.a., 

m.r.i. a.,    f.r.s.a.,    17,   Highfield  Road, 

Rathgar,  co.  Dublin. 
1892    Coffey,  Most  Rev.  John,  D.D.,  Lord  Bishop  of 

Kerry,  The  Palace,  Killarney. 
1892    Cole,  Rev.  J  H.,  b.a,,  m.r.s.a.,  Tower  View, 


1891  Coleman,  Jas.,H.M.C, m.r.s.a.,  11  Manchester 

Street,  Southampton. 

1892  Concannon,    John,    d.i.R.i.c,    11,  Garville 

Avenue,  Rathgar,  Dublin. 

1894  Conner,  H.  D.,  M.A.,  B.L.,  16,  Fitzwilliam 

Place,  Dublin. 

1895  Conner,  Philip  S.  P.,  Octorara,  Rowlandsville, 

Maryland,  U.S.A. 

1896  Cooke,  George,  14,  Hornsey  Rise,  London,  N. 
1892    Cooke,  John,  m.a.,  f.r.s  a.,  66,  Morehampton 

Road,  Dublin. 
1892    Cooper,  Anderson,  J. P.,    m.r.s.a.,  Weston, 

1892  Copinger,  W.  A.,  ll.d.,  b.l.,  f.s.a.  (Eng.), 
f.r.s.a.  (Irel.),  The  Priory,  Manchester. 

1892  Coppinger  Valentine  J.,  b.l.,  5,  Pembroke 
Road,  Dublin. 

1896  Corby,  Henry,  m.d.,  19,  St.  Patrick's  Place, 

1892    Corker,  W.  H.,  solr.,  m.r.s.a.,  52,  Grand 

Parade,  Cork. 
1892    Cornwall,  J.  T.,  59,  South  Mall,  Cork. 

1892  Cotter,  James,  Killorglin,  Kerry 

1893  Colter,  John.  Clerk  of  Union,Workhouse,  Cork. 

1892  Crawford,  A.  F.  Sharman,  J.P.,  Lota  Lodge, 

Glanmire,  Cork. 

1893  Creaghe,  Philip  Crampton,   R.M.,   m.r.i. A., 

m.r.s.a.,  Ballymena,  co.  Antrim. 
1895    Creedon,  Denis,  jun.,  Fermoy. 
1895    Crofts,  Ernest,  a.r.a.,  45,  Grove  End  Road, 

London,  N.W. 
1892    Crofts,    J.,    m.d.,    Surgeon-Major,    A.  M.S., 

Jhalrapatan,  Rajputana,  India. 
1892    Crooke,  Evans,  Oldtown,  Coachford. 
1892    Crooke,  Richard,  Aghavrin  House,  Coachford. 

1891  Crosbie,  Thomas,  F.J.I.,  Lee  Bank,  Sunday's 

Well  Road,  Cork. 

1892  Crossle,   Francis   C,  M.B.,  The  Chestnuts, 

Newry,  co.  Down. 

1894  Cullinan,  H.C.,ll.b., f.r.s.a., 7,  St.  Stephen's 

Green,  Dublin. 

1 89 1  Cummins.  Mrs.  Ashley,  17,  St.  Patrick's  Place, 


1892  Currey,  Francis  E.,  J.P.,  Mall  House,  Lismore. 

1891  Dalton,.J.  P.,  63,  Grand  Parade,  Cork. 
1894    DalY>  John,  11,  Great  George's  Street,  Cork. 

1892  Daly,  Michael  Condon,   2,   Patrick  Street, 


1891  Daly,  M.  D.,  J. P.,  Cleve  Hill,  Cork. 

1892  Darling,  Rev.  J.  Lindsey,  m.a.,  The  Rectory, 


1892    Day,  John,  31,  Rockspring,  St.  Lukes's,  Cork. 
1892    Day,  Mrs,  Oaklodge,  BalJintemple,  Cork. 
1891    Day,  Robert,  j. p.,  f.s.a.,  f.r.s.a.,  m.r.i. a., 
3,  Sidney  Place,  Cork  {President). 


1892  Day,  Robert  S.,  B.E.,  Box  686,  Victoria,  B.C., 

1895    Deane,  Sir  Thomas  Newenham,  Dorset  Lodge, 

Killiney,  co.  Dublin. 
1895    Deane,  Thomas  Manley,  5,  Sidmonton  Square 

Bray,  co.  Wicklow. 
1894    Delany,  Right  Rev.  John  Carthage,  m.r.s.a., 

Lord    Abbot    Cistercian    Abbey,  Mount 

Melleray,  Cappoquin. 
1892    Dobbin,  Leonard,  sen.,  Hollymount,  Lee  Road, 


1892  Donegan,  Colonel  J.  H.  F.,  j.p.,  m.r.s.a., 
6,  Alexandra  Place,  Cork. 

1 89 1  Doran,  C.  G.,  Dun  worth  House,  Queenstown. 

1892  Dorman,  John  W,  b.a.,c.e.,  Demerara. 

1894  Dorman,   Rev.    T.    Hobart,  Knockmourne 

Rectory,  Tallow,  co.  Waterford. 
1892    Dowden,  Edward,  ll.d. ,  Prof.  Trin.  Coll., 

Dublin,  1,  Appian  Way,  Dublin. 
1892    Downing,  R.,  H.C.,  52,  North  Main  Street, 


1895  Dowsley,  W.  G. ,  1 ,  Devonshire  Place,  Youghal. 
1892    Dunn,  Christopher  J.,  J.P.,  39,  Watercourse 

Road,  Cork. 

1892  Dunn,  Michael  J.,  b.a.,  b.l.,  m.r.s.a.,  42, 
Upper  Mount  Street,  Dublin. 

1 89 1  Dwyer,  Rev.  J.  A.,  O.P.,  St.  Mary's  Priory, 


1896  Eden,  Rev.  Arthur,  Ticehurst  Vicarage,  Hawk- 

hurst,  Kent. 

1892  Egan,  P.  M.,  High  Street,  Kilkenny. 

1891  Egan,  Barry  M.,  32,  Patrick  Street,  Cork. 

1892  Evans,  George  (d.d.s.),  49  West  34th  Street, 

New  York,  U.S.A. 

1891  Farrington,  Thomas,  M.A.,  F.C.S.,  F.I.C.,  T.c, 

5,  Summerhill  Terrace,  Wellington  Road, 
Cork  ( Treasurer). 

1892  Fennell,  Rev.  M.,  Rector  Industrial  School, 

Upton,  co.  Cork. 
1892    Fielding,  Patrick  J.,  M.P.S.I.,  m.r.s.a.,  80, 

Patrick  Street,  Cork. 
1896    Fitzgerald,    Edward,    Lough    Gur  Cottage, 

Holycross,  Kilmallock. 
1892    Fitzgerald,   Hon.  John  E.,  328,  West  72nd 

Street,  New  York  City,  U.S.A. 

1891  Fitzgerald,  John,  Frenchchurch  Street,  Cork. 

1892  Fitzgerald,  M.  J.,  B.L.,  Ballymacoda,  co.  Cork. 
1892    FitzGerald,  Lord  Walter,  m.r.i. a., f.r.s,  a. j.p., 

Kilkea  Castle,  Mageney,  co.  Kildare. 

1892  Fitzgerald,  Most  Rev.  William,  D.D.,  Lord 

Bishop  of  Ross,  Bishop's  House,  Skibbereen. 
1894    Fitzgerald,  Sir  Robert  Uniacke  Penrose,  bart., 
d.l.,  m.p.,  Cork  beg  Island,  Whitegate,  co. 

1893  Fitzgerald,  Richard  (Chairman  Town  Comrs.), 

Midleton,  co.  Cork. 
1892    Fleming,  Rev.  James  Canon,  p.p.,  St.  Finbar's 
West,  Cork. 

1892  Fleming,  Very  Rev.  Horace  Townsend,  D.D., 
m.r.s.a.,  The  Deanery,  Cloyne. 

1892  Foley,  P.  K.,  611,  Washington  Street,  Boston, 
Mass.,  U.S.A. 

1892    Forde,  J.  C,  79,  South  Mall,  Cork. 

1892    Forde,  P.  J.,  j.p.,  4,  Sidney  Place,  Cork. 

1892  Forde,  Rev.  J.  W.,  m.a.,  Lislee,Courtmacsherry, 
co.  Cork. 




1894  Forsyeth,  R.  W.,  b.l.,  j.p.,  Whitechurch 

1  [ouse,  Cappagh,  Lismore, 

1891  Franklin,  Dennam,  [.P.,  T.c,  74,  South  Mall, 

Cork  (Secretary). 
[892    Fraser  'l'.,  Curragh  Ville,  Curragh  Road,  Cork. 
[894    Frederic,   Harold,    National   Liberal  Club, 

Whitehall  Place,  London,  S.W. 
[893    Fryer,  Maior-General  John,  c.b.,  (commanding 

('oik  District),  Government  House,  Cork. 

1892  Gale,  )ohn  (co.  sub-sheriff),  Rathpeacon  Hall, 


1892  Garstin,  John  Ribton,  LL.B. ,  M.A.,B.D.,F.  S.A., 
M.R.I. A.,  F.R.H.S.,  F.R.S.  A.,  J.  P.,  D.L.,  Brag- 
ganstown,  Castlebellingham. 

1892  Geraghty,  William,  II,  Camden  Street,  Liver- 

1892    Gibbings,  Rev.  Edward,  M.A.,  The  Rectory, 

Kinsale,  co.  Cork. 
1892    Gillman,  Herbert  F.  Webb,  i.c.s.,  Guntur, 

Kistna  District,  South  India. 

1891  Gillman,    Herbert    Webb,   R.A.,  B.L.,  J.P., 

m.r.s.a.  ,  Clonteadmore,  Coachford,  co.  Cork 
(  Vice-President). 

1892  Gillman,  John  E.,  14,  Beacon  Street,  Boston, 

Mass.,  U.S.A. 
1892    Gleeson,  Timothy,   Lisquinlan,  Castlemarty, 
co.  Cork. 

1895  Grainger,  Dr.  Wm.  H.,  408,  Meridian  Street, 

E.  Boston,  Mass,  U.S.A. 
1892    Graves,  Right  Rev.  Charles, d.d.,d.c.l., f.r.s., 

m.r.i. a.,  f.r.s. a.,  Lord  Bishop  of  Limerick, 

The  Palace,  Limerick. 
1892    Gray,  Miss,  9,  Lower  Park,  Queenstown. 
1892    Gray,  William,  M. R.  1.  A. ,  Mount  Charles,  Belfast. 
1894    Green,  T.  G.  H.,  10,  Windsor  Road,  Palmerston 

Park,  Dublin. 

1 89 1  Green,  W.  T.,  I,  Belgrave  Place,  Cork. 

1892  Greer,  Thomas,  F.R.G.S.,  Sea  Park,  Belfast. 
1892    Greeves,  Fergus  M.,  Tweskard,  Strandtown, 


1896  Grehan,  Stephen, J. P., D. L.,  Clonmeen,  Banteer, 

co.  Cork. 

1892  Griffith,  R.  G.,  Munster  and  Leinster  Bank, 

1894  Haines,  Rev.  John,  M.A.,  Kinneigh  Rectory, 

Enniskean,  co.  Cork. 
1892    Hall,  Edwin,  J.P.,  D.L.,  m.r.s.a.,  Pinehurst, 

Blackrock,  Cork. 
1892    Hallinan,  Edward,  J. P.,  Avoncore,  Midleton. 
1892    Harley,  Rev.  Canon  C.  B.,  m.a.,  The  Glebe, 

Belgrave  Place,  Cork. 

1891  Harrington,  Stanley,B.A.,  J. P., Trafalgar, Cork. 

1892  Hartland,  William  Bavlor,  24,  Patrick  Street, 


1893  Hawkes,  Colonel  R.  L.,  Dennis  Quay,  Kinsale. 

1892  Hawkes,  Thomas   G,  Corning,  New  York, 


1893  Hayes,  Richard,  solr.,  59,  South  Mall,  Cork. 
1892    Healy,  Maurice,  Bridge  Street,  Bandon. 
1892    Healy,  Maurice,  M.P.,  Ashton  Lawn,  Black- 
rock  Road,  Cork. 

1895  Healy, Rev.  W.,  P.  P.,  Johnstown,  co.  Kilkenny. 
1892    Heard,  E.,  15,  South  Mall,  Cork. 

1895    Henry,  James,  M.D.,  Swan  Park,  Monaghan. 
1892    Hennessy,  Rev.  P.,  C.C.,  Kilmeen,  Clonakilty. 
1895    Hennessy,  Rev.  Br.  P.  J.,  Superior  Christian 
Brothers,  Lady's  Mount,  Cork. 


[896    Herlihy,  Patrick  W.,  Green  Hall,  Kanturk. 

1S92  Hickey,  Rev,  Michael  P.,  m.k.s.a.,  Si.  John's 
Presbytery,  New  Street,  Waterford. 

1S92  Higginbothatn,  Granby,  m.k.s.a.,  46  Welling- 
ton I'ark,  Belfast. 

1S92  Minimis,  Pierce,  Ardfallen  House,  Sunday's 
Well,  Cork. 

1894  Highet,  John,  4,  Marlboro5  Street,  Cork. 

1 89 1  I  lill,  Ai  thur,l!.  E., F.R.I.  B. A., M.R.I. A., F.R.S. A., 

22,  George's  Street,  Cork. 
1893     Hill,  Samuel,  West  View,  Military  Road, Cork. 

1892  1  lill,  William  II.,  U.K.,  F.R.I.B.A.,  M.R.S.A., 

Audley  House,  St.  Patrick's  Hill,  Cork. 

1895  Hoare,  Captain  John,  Corning,  New  York. 

1896  Hoare,  Joseph,    B.A.,   T.C.D.,  Carrigrohane 

Castle,  co.  Cork. 
1896    Hodson,  Richard  E.,j.i\,  Coolfadda  House, 

1892    Holland,  M.,  20,  Myrtlehill  Terrace,  Lower 

Glanmire  Road,  Cork. 
1892    Hopkins,  Rev.  J.  W.,  P. A.,  m.k.s.a.,  Aghern 

Vicarage,  Conna,  co.  Cork. 

1895  Plope,  Robert  P.,  Loughbawn,  Killucan,  co. 


1892  Horgan.  Michael  Joseph,  Clanloughlin,  Lee 
Road,  Cork. 

1892    Plumphreys,  E.,  Southgate  Brewery,  Cork. 
1892    Humphreys,  Henry,  Ballintcmple,  Cork. 
1892    Hunt,  Edmond  L.,  Danesfort,  Mallow. 
1892    Hurley,  Rev.  P.,  p.p.,m.r.s.a.,  Inchigeela,  co. 

1 892  Hutch,  Very  Rev.  Canon,  D.  D. ,  p.  p. ,  M.  R.  1.  A. , 


1893  Hutchins,  Samuel  N.,  B.A.,  J.P.,  Ardnagashel, 


1893  Irish  Literary  Society,  8,  Adelphi  Terrace, 
Adam  Street,  Strand,  London,  W.C. 

1892  Jennings,  Ignatius  R.  B.,  c. I.R.I. a,  m.r.s.a., 
Ballytruckie,  Waterford. 

1 896  Jennings,  Thomas,  J.  P. ,  Brookfield  House,  Cork. 
1 892    Jephson-Norreys,  Mrs.  Atherton,  Mallow  Castle, 


1892    Johnson,  R.  W. ,  C.E.,  Victoria  Road,  Cork. 

1892  Johnstone,  H.  H.,  57,  Sinclair  Road,  West 

Kensington  Park,  London,  W. 

1893  Jones,  Rev.  Canon  Richard,  D.D.,The  Rectory, 


1895  Jordan,  Rev.  W.,  M.A.,  m.r.s.a.,  f.r.s.,  etc., 

St.  Augustine's,  Moreland,  Melbourne. 
1 892    Joyce,  Patrick  Weston,  ll.  d,  m.  r.  I.  a,  m.  r.  s.  a.  , 
Lyre-na-Grena,  Leinster  Road,  Rathmines, 
co.  Dublin. 

1 896  Keating,  R. ,  N.  P.  Harding,  Natal,  South  Africa, 

1 89 1  Keller,  Very  Rev.  Daniel  Canon,  p.p.,  v.g., 


1895  Kelly,  Miss  M.  T.,  42,  Lower  Leeson  Street, 

1895    Kilty,  John,  13,  Orelia  Terrace,  Queenstown. 

1892  Kinsale  Club,  Kinsale. 

1892  Lacy,  William  B., F.C.A.,  15,  South  Mall, Cork. 
1895  Lamb,  Rev.  W.,  M.A.,  Desertserges,  co.  Cork. 
1892    Lane,  Mrs.  Denny,  3,  Eairy  Hill  Terrace, 

Monkstown,  co.  Cork. 
1892    Lane,  Rev.  John,  St.  Mary's  Bacup,  England. 
1892    Lane,  Rev.  William  Canon,  p.p.,  Dunmanway. 




1892  Lane,  William,  B.A.,  j.p.,  Vernonmount,  Cork. 
1892    Leader,   Lieut.   W.   F.,    D.C.O.  Middlesex 

Regt.,  Commandant  Purandhar,  Bombay, 


1892  Leader,    Surgeon-Major    Nicholas,    A.  M.S., 

Station  Hospital,  Devonport. 

1893  Leahy,  D.,  Grand  Parade  Market,  Cork. 
1892    Lee,  Philip  G.,  m.d.  ,  25,  St.  Patrick's  Hill,  Cork. 
1892    Lecky,  Robert  John,  3,  Lorton  Terrace,  Lad- 

brooke  Road,  London,  W. 
1896    Levis,  John  S.,  M.D.,  Glenview,  Skibbereen. 
1895    Lewis,  T.  W.,  m.d.,  Kingscliffe,  Wansford, 

1892    Leycester,  Joseph  W.,  J.P.,  Vosterburgh,  Cork. 
1892    Lombard,  E.  L.,  25,  Stockton  Road,  Chorlton- 

cum-Hardy,  Manchester. 
1892    Lombard,   James  Fitzgerald,  J. P.,  m.r.i.a., 

South  Hill,  Upper  Rathmines,  Dublin. 

1894  Long,  W.,  Ballyferriter,  Dingle,  co.  Kerry. 
1892    Longfield,  Miss  Letitia,  Castlemary,  Cloyne. 
1892    Longfield,  Mountifort  G.,  5,  Hatch  Street, 


1895  Lumb,  G.  Denison,  65,  Albion  Street,  Leeds. 
1895    Lynch,   Rev.  J.  F.,  Caherconlish  Rectory, 

Pallasgrean,  co.  Limerick. 
1892    Lyons, Rev.  John,  p. p., St.  Michael's,  Macroom. 
1892    Lyster,  Fred.  L.,  5,  Newenham  Terrace,  Cork. 

1894  McCann,  Charles,  52,  Market  Street,  Newark, 

N.  J.,  U.S.A. 
1892    McCarthy,  Charles,  41,  Paul  Street,  Cork. 
1892    McCarthy,  D.  A.,  m.d.,  f  r.c.s.e.,  Bridport, 


1891  McCarthy,  E.  V.,  33,  Cook  Street,  Cork. 

1892  McCarthy,  John  George,  3,  Park  View  Terrace, 


1892  McCarthy,  Randall  MacFinnin,  Custom  House, 

1892    McCarthy,  Rev.  D  ,  p.p.,  Ballincollig,  Cork. 

1896    McCarthy,  Rev.  F.,  p.p.,  Ballyheigue,  co. Kerry. 

1892  McCarthy,  Rev.  Timothy,  p.p.,  St.  Mary's 
Presbytery,  Barryroe,  Timoleague. 

1892  McCarte,  Mathew,  51,  St.  George's  Hill, 
Everton,  Liverpool. 

1892  McChesney,  Joseph, m.r.s. A.,  Annaville,  Holy- 
wood,  co.  Down. 

1895  McClure,   John  Wilfrid,  3,  Mallow  Street, 


1892    McDonnell,  James,  1,  Camden  Quay,  Cork. 

1894  McFerran,  Henry,  Flax  Mills,  Millfield,  Cork. 
1892    McMahon,  Morgan,  13,  Cascade  Street,  Pad- 

dington,  Sydney,  N.S.  Wales. 
1892    McMahon,  W.  H.,  B.A.,  7,  Castle  Street,  Cork. 
1 892    MacMullen,  Alfred  R. ,  5,  George's  Quay,  Cork. 
1892    Macnamara,  P.  J,  M.D.,  Sarsfield  House,  Kil- 

mallock,  co.  Limerick. 

1895  McNamara,  Rev.  Daniel,  p.p.,  Glounthaune. 

1 892    McNamara,  Robert  S. ,  3,  Sullivan's  Quay,  Cork 
1892    McS winey,Rev. Bryan,  C.C,  St. Peter  and  Paul's 

1895  Maginn,  Rev.  C.  A.,  M.A.,  M.R.S. A.,  Clonfert 
Rectory,  Newmarket,  co.  Cork. 

1892    Magner,  James  F.,  m.d.,  Timoleague. 

1895  Mahony,  Bernard  P.  J.,  m.r.C.v.s.,  Annefield, 

1894  Mahony,  Denis  McCarthy,  13,  Charlotte  Quay, 

1891    MahonyJ.  J.,M.r.s.a.,  FortVillaSjQueenstown 


1891  Mahony,  T.  H.,  2,  Clonard,  Blackrock  Road, 


1892  Manley,  Rev.  John,  p.p.,  Footscray,  Victoria, 


1891  Martin,  Miss  H.  A.,  m.r.c.p.,  High  School, 

■Sidney  Place,  Cork. 

1892  Martin,  Rev.  John  W. ,  a.m.,  Carrigtwohill, 

co.  Cork. 

1892  Mathew,  Right  Plon.  Sir  J.  C.  ll.d.,  46, 
Queen's  Gate  Gardens,  London,  S.W. 

1894  Maunsell,  W.  H,  Glandore,  Skibbereen. 

1 89 1  Meehan,  Jeremiah,  Cornmarket  Street,  Cork. 

1892  Michelli,  William  T.,  61,  South  Mall,  Cork. 

1895  Midleton,  Right  Hon.  Viscount,  Peper  Harovv, 

Godalming,  Surrey. 

1896  Miller,  C.  J.,  Charleville. 

1892  Milligan,  Seaton  Forrest,  m.r.i.a.,  f.r.s.a., 

Bank  Buildings,  Belfast. 

1893  Milner-Barry,   Rev.   E,    1 6,  Queen's  Road, 

Endsleigh,  Tunbridge  Wells. 

1892    Mintern,  Rev.  J.  J.,  c.c,  The  Lough,  Cork. 

1892  Molloy,  W.  R.,  m.r.i  a.,  f.r.s.a.,  17,  Brook- 
field  Terrace,  Donnybrook,  co.  Dublin. 

1891  Moore,  Rev.  Canon  Courtenay,  m.a.,  m.r.s. A., 
The  Rectory,  Mitchelstown,  co.  Cork. 

1891  Moore,  George  M., m.r.s.  a.,  147  Sunday's  Well 

Road,  Cork. 

1892  Moore,  John  George,  91,  South  Mall,  Cork. 

1892  Moore,  William,    m.r.s. A.,    Castle  Mahon, 

Blackrock,  Cork. 

1893  Moran,  His  Eminence  Cardinal,  Archbp.  of 

Sidney,  D.  n. ,  m.  r.  i.  a.  ,  F.  r.  s.  a.  ,  Archbishop's 

House,  Sidney,  Australia. 
1892    Moriarty,  Patrick,  Mulgrave  Road,  Cork. 
1892    Morris,  Rev.  William  Bullen,  m.r.s. A.,  The 

Oratory,  London,  S.W. 
1892    Morris,  William  V.,  34,  Grand  Parade,  Cork. 
1892    Mulcahy,  Rev.  J,  p.  p,  Timoleague. 
1892    Murphy,  Conor,  Port  Costa,  California,  U.S.A. 

1891  Murphy,  Francis,  M.D. ,  Finbar  House,  Lower 

Tottenham,  London,  N. 

1892  Murphy,  J.  J.,  108,  Patrick  Street,  Cork. 
1895  Murphy,  J.  W.,  Pembroke,  South  Wales. 
1895    Murphy,  John  J.,  m.r.s. A.,  Culgreine,  Ballin- 

temple,  Cork. 

1893  Murphy,  Sergt.  ML,  283,  Sheffield  Avenue, 


1 89 1  Murphy,  Very  Rev.  Jeremiah  Canon,  D  d.  ,  p.p., 
M.r.s. A.,  Macroom. 

1891  Murphy,  William,  23.  South  Mall,  Cork. 

1893  Murphy,  William   M,  J.P.,   Dartry,  Upper 

Rathmines,  co.  Dublin. 

1892  Murray,  Edward,  Courthouse,  Cork. 

1892    Nagle,  Richard,  21,  Rutland  Square,  Boston, 

Mass.,  U.S.A. 
1895    Nunn,  Richard  J. ,  M.  D.,  York  Street,  Savannah, 

Georgia,  U.S.A. 

1894  O'Brien,  Daniel,  West  Park,  Glasnevin,  Co. 


1892    O'Callaghan,  M.  J.,  14,  Drumcondra  Road 

Lower,  Dublin. 
1892    O'Callaghan,  Most  Rev.  T.  A.,  d.d.,o.p.,  Lord 

Bishop  of  Cork,   The  Diocesan  College, 

Farrenferris,  Cork. 

1895  O'Callaghan,  Rev.  T.  M., c.c, The  Presbytery, 





1S02  O'Conncll,  John  (Managing  Director  |ohn  Daly 
and  Co.  Ltd.)  13,  North  Main  Street,  Cork. 

1892  O'Connell,  John  A., Sculptor,  49,  LowerGlan- 
mire  Road,  <  Jotk. 

1 S95  O'Connell,  P.,m  d. , 339,  South  Centre  Avenue, 
Chicago,  III.,  U.S.A. 

1892  O'Connor,    Anthony,    39,    Merrion  Square, 


[893    O'Connor,  Rev.  Cornelius  S. ,  C.C.,  Milchels- 

town,  co.  Cork. 
1  So  5    O'Connor,  Rev,  John,  p.p.,  Schull,  co.  Cork. 
1S93    O'Donovan,    M.A.,  J. P.,  F.R.S.A.,  Liss  Aid, 


1S92  0'Donoghue,Rev.Denis,P.P,  m.r.i.a,  Ardfert, 
co.  Kerry. 

1894  O'Driscoll,  D.  M.,  Western  Union  Telegraph 

Co.,  Charleston,  S.C.,  U.S.A. 

1893  O'Farrell,  Edward,  B.L.,  Beechlands,  Shankill, 

co.  Dublin. 

1892  O'Flanagan,  J.  R.,  B.L.,  Avondhu  Grange, 

1896    O'Geran,  Miss,  Bella  Vista,  Queen  stow  n. 
1 892    Ogilvie,  James, J.  P. ,  M.  R.  I.  A. , F.I.I. ,  The  Grove, 

1S95  Ogilvie,  P.  W.,  Glenarm,  Lower  Glanmire 
road,  Cork. 

1892  O'Grady,  Miss,  Aghamarta,  Carrigaline,  co. 

1892    O'KeefTe,  John,  City  Waterworks,  Cork. 
1 892    O'KeefTe,  Rev.  John,  P. P. ,  Meelin,  Newmarket, 
co.  Cork. 

1892  O'KeefTe,  Stephen  M.  Lanigan,  J.P.,  b.l., 
m.r.i.a.,  Delville,  Glasnevin,  co.  Dublin. 

1895  O'Leary,  D.  A  ,  Kilbolane  Cottage,  Newtown, 


1892  O'Leary,  D.  J.,  Munster  and  Leinster  Bank, 
Mitch  elstown, 

1892  O'Leary,  John,  m.r.s.a,  Lonsdale,  St.  Laurence 

Road,  Clontarf,  Dublin. 
1895    O'Mahony,  F.  McCarthy,  M.  &  L.  Bank,  South 
Mall,  Cork. 

1S92  O'Mahony,  John,  m.r.s.a.,  22,  College  Green, 

1893  O'Mahony,  Rev.  Br.  J.  A.,  Christian  Bros., 

North  Richmond  Street,  Dublin. 
1892    O'Mullane,  John,  Lee  View  Place,  Sunday's 

Well  Road,  Cork. 
1892    O'Neill,  Capt.  F.,  Depart,  of  Police,  Matson 

Street,  Chicago. 
1892    O'Neill,  Rev.  Patrick,  P.P.,  Tracton,  Minane 

Bridge,  co.  Cork. 
1895    O'Regan,  Very  Rev.  P.D.,  P.P.,  V.G.,  Dean  of 

Cloyne,  Mitchelstown. 

1892  O'Riordan,  Rev.  J.,  C.C.,  Cloyne,  co.  Cork. 

1894  O'Riordan,  William,  12,  North  Main  Street, 


1894    O'Shaughnessy,  F.,  1,  Hanover  Place,  Cork. 
1894    O'Shea,  Patrick,  Glengarriff,  co.  Cork. 

1893  O'Shea,  William,  58,  Grattan  Street,  Cork. 
1892    O'Sullivan,  D.  A.,  m.d.,  43,  Leyland  Road, 


1892    O'Sullivan  Jeremiah,  Master  Cork  Union,  Cork. 
1892    O'Sullivan,  Miss  M.,  Summercove,  Kinsale. 
1892    O'Sullivan,    Rev.  Timothy,   Burditt  Lodge, 
Hounslow,  Middlesex. 

1892    Parker,  Rev.  J.  A.,  p.p.,  46,  Kenilworth  Street, 


[893    Parker,  T., Georgetown, Queensland,  Australia. 
1 893    Penrose,  sir  George,  ji  p.,  Bachelors  Quay, Cork. 
[892    Peyton,  Mrs.,  17,  Waterloo  Place,  Cork. 
1893    Pigott,  Joseph,  m.r.s.a.,  36,  Marlboro' Street, 


1893  I'igott,  Captain  William  Jackson,  Manor  House 

Dundrum,  county  Down. 
1892    Plunkett,  Count  G.  N.,  B.L.,  m.r.i.a.,  26, 
Upper  Fitzwilliam  Street,  Dublin. 

1894  Power,  Rev.  P, ,  C.C.,  Cathedral,  Walerford. 
1892    Prendcrgast,  William,  Long  Quay,  Kinsale. 

1892    Quain,  Sir  Richard,  bart.,  M.D.,LL.D.,  r.R.S., 

67,  Ilarley  Street,  London,  W. 
1896    (Queen's  College  Library,  Cork. 

1892  Rapmund,  Rev.  Joseph,  c.C,  m.r.s.a.,  Sally- 
mount,  Clogher,  co.  Tyrone. 

1892    Reeves,  Miss,  Tramore,  Douglas,  Cork. 

1892  Ridgeway,  Professor  William,  m.a.,  m.r.s.a., 
Fen  Ditton,  Cambridge 

1894  Ring,  Rev.  P.,  c.C,  Dromana,  Charleville. 
[895    Roberts,  Colonel  Howland,  31,  Argyll  Road, 

London,  W. 

1892  Robinson,  John  H. ,  m.r.s.a.,  Munster  and 
Leinster  Bank,  South  Mall,  Cork. 

1892  Robertson,  William,  j.p.,  Netherleigh,  Strand- 

town,  Belfast. 

1893  Roche,  Aid.  Augustine,  j.  p.  ,  73,  Douglas  Street, 


1892  Roche,  Rev.  P.  A.,  c.c,  St.  Peter  and  Paul's, 

1892  Roche,  Pierce,  Cork  Library,  Pembroke  Street, 

1892    Ronayne,  Charles,  m.  d.  ,  South  Abbey,  Youghal. 
1892    Royal   Munster   Fusiliers,    Sergeants'  Mess, 

1892    Roycroft,  T.  R.,  Bellvue,  Skibbereen. 

1892  Ruby,  Rev.  H.  E.,  Brighton  Villa,  Western 

Road,  Cork. 

1895  Russell,  Ebenezer,  Collector  of  Customs,  Har- 


1 896  Russell,  Very  Rev.  Dr . ,  o.  P. ,  Collegio  do  Corpo 

Santo,  Lisbon,  Portugal. 

1893  Ryan,  Rev.  Br.  D.  J.,  Christian  Bros.,  Empress 

Place,  Cork. 

1892    Ryan,  Rev.  J.  C,  O.P.,  College  of  St.  Thomas 

of  Aquin,  Newbridge. 
1892    Ryan,  Timothy,  50,  Catherine  Street,  Limerick. 
1892    Rye,  Captain  Richard  Tonson,  D.L.,  Ryecourt 


1894    Sanders,  RobertJ.  P.,  Sanders  Park,  Charleville, 
co.  Cork. 

1892    Sandford,  A.  W.,  m.d.,  13,  St.  Patrick's  Place, 

1892  Sargent,  R.  E.,  Bank  of  Ireland,  Bandon. 
1891    Scott,  Sir  John  Harley,  J. P.,  Knockrea  House, 


1 89 1  Sheehan,  Most  Rev.  Richard  Alphonsus,  D.D., 

Lord  Bishop  of  Waterford  and  Lismore, 
f.r.s.a.,  Bishop's  House,  John's  Hill, 
Waterford  {President  1891 -1893). 

1893  Sheehy,  Rev.  John  J.,  St.  Margaret's,  Stanley 

Street,  Kenning  Park,  Glasgow. 

1892  Sherlock,  George  K,  Sessional  Crown  Solicitor 

South  Main  Street,  Bandon. 




1892  Shine,  John  W.,  Sault  St.  Mane's,  Michigan, 


1893  Shine,  Surgeon-Captain  J.  M.   P.,  a. M.S., 

Corradino  House,  Malta. 

1892  Sisk,  John,  Cove  Street,  Cork. 

1893  Sisk,  Rev.  James,  Adm.,  Fermoy. 

1892    Slattery,  James  W.,  m.a.,  ll.d.,  President 

Queen's  College,  Cork. 
1892    Smith,  C.  O'K.,  1,  Rockspring  Terrace,  Cork. 
1892    Smith-Barry,   Arthur   H.,  J.P.,  D.L.,  M.P., 

f.r.s.a.,  Fota,  Cork. 
1892    Spillane,  M.  D.,  19,  Pine  Street,  Cork. 
1892    Star,  L.  G.,  Captain  S.S.  "Juno,"  13  York 

Crescent  Road,  Clifton,  Bristol. 
1 892    Stanton,  Patrick,  Elmgrove  Terrace,  Evergreen, 


1896    Stechert,  G.  E.,  30,  Wellington  Street,  Strand, 

London,  W.C. 
1896    Stubbs,  Major-General  Francis,  R.A.  (ret.), 

2,  Clarence  Terrace,  St.  Luke's,  Cork. 

1895  Sullivan,  Hon.  J.  H.,  199,  Webster  Street, 

E.  Boston,  Mass.,  U.S.A. 
1892    Sullivan,  Sir  Edward,  bart.,  B.A.,  m.r.s.A., 

32,  Fitzwilliam  Place,  Dublin. 
1892    Sullivan,  Timothy  Daniel,  1,  Belvidere  Place, 


1892    Sunner,  A.   H.,  Firhill  House,  Monkstown, 

1894  Supreme  Council,  33rd  deg.,  433  Third  Street, 

N.W.  Washington,  U.S.A. 
1892    Swanston,  William,  Queen  Street,  Belfast. 

1896  Swanzy,   Rev.   Henry,    m.a.,  Castlemagner 

Glebe,  Cecilstown,  co.  Cork. 
1892    Synan,  Edmond,  Charleville,  co.  Cork. 

1892  Tenison,  Chas.  MacCarthy,  b.l.,  m.R.i.A., 
f.r.s.a.,  j. p.,  Hobart,  Tasmania. 

1892  Tivy,  Henry  L.,M.R.s.A.,Elmcourt,  Blackrock, 

1892  Townsend,  Edward  R.,  m.d.,  St.  Patrick's  Hill, 

1892  Townsend,  Horace  H.,  j.p.,  9,  Crescent, 

1892  Townshend,  Captain  Horace,  Courtmacsherry, 

co.  Cork. 

1S92  Townshend,  Miss  Payne,  Derry,  Rosscarbery, 
co.  Cork. 

1S92  Townshend,  R.  B.,  80,  Woodstock  Road, 

1893  Traherne,  Cecil,  5,  Coleherne  Terrace,  Earl's 

Court,  London,  S.W. 
1895    Travers,  Miss,  9,  Kingston  College,  Mitchels- 


1893    Trinity  College  Library,  Dublin. 
1892    Tuohy,  E.,  4,  North  Mall,  Cork. 
1892    Tuohy,  P.  J.,  b.l.,  m.r.s.a.,  Secretary  Board  of 
Works,  Custom  House,  Dublin. 

1893  University  Library,  Edinburgh. 

1894  Uniacke-FitzGerald,  Rev.  R.,  m.a.,  Tandridge 

Vicarage,  Godstone,  Surrey. 

1893  Uniacke-FitzGerald,    R.    G.,   B.A.  (Oxon), 

f.r.s.a.,  16,  Tite  Street,  Chelsea,  London, 

1894  Ussher,  Richard  J.,  j.p.,  m.r.s.a.,  Cappagh 

House,  Cappagh,  Lismore. 

1892  Vigors,  Colonel  Philip  D.,  f.r.s.a.,  j.p.,  Hol- 
loden,  Bagenalstown,  co.  Carlow. 

1892  Vinycomb,  John,  m.r.i.a.,  f.r.a.s.,  Riverside, 
Ilolywood,  co.  Down. 

1891  Walker,   Robert,  j.p.,  a.m.i.c.e. ,  p.p.s.a., 

17,  South  Mall,  Cork. 

1892  Walsh  J.,  Cavendish  Quay,  Bandon. 

1892    Walsh,  M., Kensington, High  Street, London, W. 

1892    Webb,  Arthur,  Wilton,  Mallow. 

[892    Webber,   Fred.,   433,   Third   Street,  N.W. 

Washington,  Dist.  Columbia,  U.S.A. 
1892    Welply,  J.  J.,  M.D.,  Bandon. 

1891  White,  John  M.,  1,  Hawthorne  Place,  College 

Road,  Cork. 

1892  White,  Commander  Hans  Fell,  R.N.,  Spring- 

fort  Hall,  Mallow. 
1892    White,  Major  J.  Grove,  m.r.s.a.,  j.p.,  Kil- 

byrne,  Doneraile,  Cork. 
1892    White,  Thomas,  Ballinascarthy.  Clonakilty. 
1891    Whitelegge,  Rev.  W.,  m.  a.  ,  Ballinlough  House, 

Blackrock,  Cork. 

1891  Williams,  K.  B.,  Brookside,  Mallow. 

1892  Wilson,  E.  D.  J.,  Airlie  House,  The  Grove, 

Denmark  Hill,  London,  S.E. 
1892    Wilson,  James,  26,  Grand  Parade,  Cork. 

1891  Woods,  Cecil  Crawford,  f.r.s.a.,  7,  Dyke 

Parade,  Cork. 

1892  Woods,  Miss,  8,  Dyke  Parade,  Cork. 

1892    Woollcombe,    Robert    Lloyd,   m.a.,  ll.d., 

F.I.    INST.,  F.S.S.,  M.R.I.A.,  F.R.S.A.,  B.L., 

14,  Waterloo  Road,  Dublin. 

1892    Young,  Robert,  B.A.,  j.p.,  M.R.I.A.,  m.r.s.a., 
Donegal  Square,  Belfast. 

Second  Series. — Vol  II.,  No.  13.] 

[January,  1896. 



Cork  Historical  &  Archaeological 


1st  jVluskerry  Cavalry. 

Notes  from  the  Orderly  Book  of  the  First  Troop  of  the  Muskerry  Legion  of  Yeomanry 

Cavalry,  1796. 

By  ROBERT  DAY,  F.S.A.,  President. 

AM  indebted  to  the  courtesy  of  George  and  Morgan 
Gallwey,  esqrs.,  for  the  loan  of  the  manuscript  whose 
title  heads  this  paper.  The  writing  in  many  places 
has  become  so  faint  that  it  can  scarcely  be  deciphered, 
and  will  soon,  from  the  character  of  the  ink,  be  alto- 
gether illegible  ;  it  is  therefore  all  the  more  important 
to  preserve  the  main  features  of  its  records  in  the 

pages  of  this  Journal.  The  muster  roll  of  the  officers  and  men  forming 
the  troop  was  fixed  by  the  Lord  Lieutenant  in  the  following  letter 
dated — 

"  Dublin  Castle, 

\oth  September,  1803. 
Sir — I  am  commanded  by  the  Lord  Lieutenant  to  acquaint  you  that  His  Excellency 
has  been  pleased  to  fix  the  establishment  of  the  Muskerry  Legion  First  Troop  Corps 
of  Yeomanry  Cavalry  under  your  command,  at  the  numbers  stated  in  the  margin. 
Instructions  have  been  issued  accordingly  to  the  respective  officers  of  ordinance. 

Signed,         E.  B.  Littlehales. 
To  A.  Warren,  esq.,  Captain  Muskerry  Legion  1st  Troop." 



.  .  2 

..  60 

The  book  commences  with  a  list  of  the  men  and  the  dates  of  their 
enrollment,  and  embodies  a  record  of  each  day's  work  down  to  February 
24th,  1806,  when  it  abruptly  ends.  A  few  extracts  will  show  in  what 
consisted  the  daily  routine  of  the  mounted  Yeoman's  life  during  the  first 
year  of  the  present  century.  Banded  together  in  October,  1796,  their 
roll  call  numbered  forty-four,  when,  in  the  following  December,  the 
French  made  their  descent  on  Bantry  and  struck  terror  and  alarm  into 
the  peaceful  inhabitants  of  the  city  and  county  of  Cork,  which  practi- 
cally undefended  was  alone  preserved  by  the  providential  interposition 
of  the  Almighty  from  the  inroads  of  a  foreign  and  hostile  soldiery. 
The  names  of  those  who  formed  this  troop  are  eminently  representative  ; 
men  of  equally  good  family  were  found  in  the  ranks  of  the  troop  as 
among  those  who  were  their  chosen  and  elected  leaders.  The  duties 
that  they  were  called  upon  to  perform  consisted  chiefly  in  patrolling  the 
country  at  night,  acting  as  peace  officers  in  bringing  law-breakers  to 
justice,  carrying  despatches  from  their  head-quarters  in  Macroom  to 
Cork,  at  one  extremity,  and  to  Bantry  at  the  other,  and  by  daily 
exercise  and  drill  keeping  themselves  in  a  state  of  such  soldierly 
efficiency  that  their  services  were  counted  by  the  Government  for 
foreign  duty.    Here  follows  a  list  of  the  troop — 

Name  and  Rank. 


When  Admitted. 

When  Attested. 

A.  Warren,  capt. 

.  Warrenscourt 

October,  1796 

.  October,  1796. 

Samuel  Swete,  capt. 

.  Greenville 



Samuel  Baldwin,  1st  lieut. 

.  Dromkeen 

June,  1800 

.  June,  1800. 

Thos.  J.  Coppinger,  2nd  lieut.  . 

.  Carhue 

October,  1796  (*)  . 

.  October,  1796. 

Walter  McCarthy,  P.S. 

.  Macroom 

July,  1798(0  . 

.  July,  1798. 

William  Boyle,  2nd  sergt. 

.  Boyle  Grove 

October,  1796 

.  October,  1796. 

Robert  McCarthy,  3rd  sergt.  . 

.  Macroom 

June,  1798 

.  June,  1798. 

Richard  Barter,  corpl. 

.  Dromkeen 

October,  1796 

.  October,  1796. 

Call.  McCarthy,  private 

.  Stickstown 



Henry  Lindsey 

.  Peake 



James  B.  Barry  „ 



James  Barry  „ 

.  Kilbarry 



John  Good  ,, 

.  Crossmahon 



Thomas  Good 

.  Ardnanee 



John  Colthurst  ,, 

.  Dripsey  Castle 



Permanent  Sergeant    .  . 

Trumpeter  or  Drummer 
Mounted  Men 

(T)  Then  a  private. 



Name  and  Rank.                           Residence.  When  Admitted.  When  Attested. 

Robert  Travers,  private  .  Dripsey  October,  1796  .  .  October,  1796. 

Corliss  Hawkes  ,,          .  .  Carhue  Do.  .  .  Do. 

J.  Williams  .  .  Macroom  Do.  .  .  Do. 

J.  Williams,  jim.  „        -  . .  Yew  Hill  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Paul  Horgan  „           .  .  Carrigagully  Do.  .  .  Do. 

J.  F.  Whitney  .  .  Mount  Rivers  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Richard  Radley  „          .  .  Knockroan  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Abraham  Cross  „           ..  Shandy  Hall  Do.  ..  Do. 

v  - Matthew  Minhear  ..  Rocklee  June,  1798  ..  June,  1798. 

Richard  Ashe  ,,          .  .  Ashgrove  July,  1798  .  .  July,  1798. 

John  Larymore  .  .  Gurteen  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Epinetus  FitzGibbon  .  .  Shandy  Hall  June,  1801  .  .  June,  1801. 

Anthony  Woodley  .  .  Dromkeen  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Thomas  Radley  ,,          .  .  Knockroan  July,  1803  .  .  July,  1803. 

Thomas  O.  Mocher  .  .  Macroomp  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Michael  Williams  „           .  .  Currihy  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Peter  Williams  ,,          ..  Macroom  September,  1803  ..  September,  1803. 

Henry  Cavendish  ..       Do.  July,  1803  ..  July,  1803. 

John  Pearson  .  .  Mount  Cross  September,  1803  .  .  September,  1803. 

Basil  Orpen  „          .  .  Macroom  Do.  .  .  Do. 

John  E.  Orpen  „          .  .  Gorteenroe  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Thos.  S.  Coppinger  ,,          .  .  Leemount  Do.  .  .         •  Do. 

Wood  Johnson  ,,          ..  Bratown  Do.  ..  Do. 

Walter  Baldwin  „           .  .  Clohinco  Do.  .  .  Do. 

George  Sullivan  .  .  Rossnascalp  Do.  .  .  Do. 

George  Thornhill  .  .  Bohemia  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Timothy  Horgan  „          .  .  Carrigagully  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Denis  Horgan  „          .  .       Do.  Do.  .  .  Do. 

James  Williams  „           .  .  Currihy  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Robert  Ashe  „          .  .  Ashgrove  Do.  .  .  Do. 

John  Leader  ,,          .  .  Ilecale  Do.  .  .  Do. 

John  Barter  ,,          .  .  Macroom  Do.  . .  Do. 

William  Grainger  .  .  Rockville  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Edward  Barret  „          .  .  Carrigbuee  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Alex.  Larrymore  .  .  Saintfield  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Thomas  Lindsay  .  .  Peak  January,  1804  .  .  January,  1804. 

John  Barrett,  jun.  „           ..  Carrigbuee  Do.  ..  Do. 

D.  Murphy  ..  Macroomp  September,  1803 .  .  September,  1803. 

Thomas  Swetman  „          .  .  Kilglass  Do.  .  .  Do. 

Edward  Grainger  . .  Kilbarry  Do.  .  .  Do. 

John  Donovan  „          , .  Kilbarry  Do.  .  .  Do. 

D.  Murphy  „          .  .  (Name  illegible)  October,  1796  .  .  October,  1796 

John  Huffman  ,,          .  .  Macroom  July,  1803  .  .  July,  1803. 

The  following  letter  written  by  Captain  Warren,  and  the  reply  to  it 

from  his  troop,  reflects  the  brotherly  kindliness  and  esteem  in  which 

each  mutually  held  the  other.  It  tells  how  the  officers  were  selected  by 
vote  from  among  themselves,  and  how  in  this  case  the  troop  having  by 



a  majority  of  votes  elected  Mr-  Holland  ;is  their  second  lieutenant,  he, 
feeling  that  it  would  tend  t<>  the  -neater  harmony  and  efficiency  of  the 
Corps,  waived  his  right  t«»  election,  and  gave  to  the  members  a  power  to 
ballot  a:;.un,  when  Mr.  Thomas  Coppin^er  was  chosen. 

"Sunday,  2nd  October,  1803. 

To'   III!    CiENTI.KMEN  OK    III  E   I'lKSI"  TROOP. 

GENTLEMEN,— It  has  ever  been  my  wish  to  live  in  friendship  and  good-will  with  all 
mankind,  and  In  particular  with  the  gentlemen  of  my  own  country;  the  length  of  time 
which  our  Corps  has  subsisted  and  the  numerous  exertions  we  have  made  together  to 
preserve  the  peace  and  tranquillity  of  our  neighbourhood,  and  bring  to  justice  those 
who  were  guilty  ol  the  greatest  crimes  against  society,  have  served  to  increase  those 
ties  of  mutual  regard  and  esteem  for  which  the  Muskerry  Corps  has  been  remarkable. 
1  can  with  truth  say  that  neither  religious  or  party  disputes  have  ever  crept  amongst 
us,  and  had  either  appeared  I  would  have  been  the  first  to  have  crushed  it.  There 
now  seems  to  be  something  arising  which  might  disturb  our  harmony.  I  think  it  my 
duty,  as  well  as  you  all  know  it  is  my  inclination  to  prevent  it  in  the  bud,  we  will  not 
agitate  our  minds  with  argument.  I  know  you  all  too  well  to  suppose  for  a  moment 
you  will  return  to  me  a  man  who  is  not  fully  qualified  to  undertake  the  honourable 
and  arduous  situation  of  an  officer,  and  I  shall  feel  as  much  pleasure  in  giving  my 
approbation  and  recommendation  of  the  man  of  your  choice  as  I  would  in  having  in 
myself  the  sole  nomination  of  him.  With  these  sentiments  you  will  agree  with  me, 
that  from  my  experience  of  the  gentlemen  of  the  troop  I  would  be  censurable  if  I 
did  not  point  out  to  themselves  a  man  whose  best  exertions,  ever  since  the  formation 
of  our  corps,  have  been  most  cheerfully  given  for  the  advantages  of  the  troop  and  for 
the  service  of  the  country.  With  your  permission  I  will  name  him,  Mr.  Thomas 
Coppinger.  If  he  meets  your  approbation  and  is  returned  by  you  to  me,  it  will  give 
me  real  pleasure  in  recommending  a  man  of  merit,  which  is,  and  ought  to  be,  the  first 
consideration  in  the  nomination  of  an  officer.  I  came  here  to  attend  General  Myers 
before  he  quitted  our  district,  but  am  prevented  seeing  him  by  his  very  sudden 
departure  for  his  situation  at  Athlone,  under  the  special  order  of  Government.  I  am 
now  waiting  in  the  name  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  to  pay  my  respects  to  General 
Campbell,  who  succeeds  General  Myers,  and  as  I  cannot  have  an  audience  of  him 
before  twelve  o'clock,  I  think  it  right  to  communicate  my  sentiments  to  you  as  early  as 
possible  on  the  business  which  is  appointed  for  this  day  on  parade.  When  that  is 
over  I  beg  leave  to  lay  before  you  the  heads  of  an  address  to  our  favourite  general  and 
friend  on  his  departure.  Should  it  meet  your  approbation,  you  will  let  me  have  it  as 
soon  as  you  can  that  I  may  transmit  it  to  him. 

I  am,  gentlemen,  with  the  highest  respect, 

Your  very  humble  servant, 

A.  Warren,  c.m.l. 

Cork,  Sunday,  October  2nd,  1803. 


"  Sir, — We  are  concerned  that  we  could  not  have  the  pleasure  of  seeing  you  here 
to-day,  and  are  happy  to  inform  you  that  your  kind  and  conciliatory  letter  has  made 
your  old  troop  singularly  happy,  and  in  order  to  meet  your  wishes  and  pay  you  every 
compliment  in  our  power,  Mr.  Holland,  in  a  very  handsome  manner,  has  given  to  the 
members  of  it  the  power  to  ballot  again  for  a  second  lieutenant,  which  is  to  be  brought 



forward  on  Sunday  next,  and  we  also  agree  to  and  fully  approve  the  address  to 
General  Myers.    We  have  the  honor  to  remain,  &c,  &c., 

ist  Troop  M.  L. 

By  an  order  dated  November  29,  1803,  the  route  of  intelligence  from 
Limerick  to  Bantry  and  Berehaven  was — 

Limerick,  by  Croom,  to  Charleville    17  miles  12th  Dragoons  from  Mallow 

To  Liscarroll  7  „  Do. 

To  Kanturk  6  ,,  Longueville  Cavalry 

To  Millstreet  10  „  Do. 

To  Macroom  7  ,,  Muskerry  Legion 

To  Bantry  16  Do. 

To  Berehaven  ,,  Lord  Bantry's  Cavalry. 

At  this  time  one  half  of  the  Muskerry  Legion  were  on  permanent 
duty,  one  officer  and  one-third  of  that  number  being  stationed  at  Inchi- 
geela,  the  remainder  quartered  at  Macroom.  Their  drill  sergeant  was. 
Mr.  Knolles,  who,  after  completing  the  drill  of  Mr  Hedge's  Corps,  was 
transferred  to  the  Muskerry  Troop. 

On  January  24th,  1804,  Major-General  Sir  Eyre  Coote  arrived  in  Cork 
and  took  over  the  command  of  the  South- West  District  from  General 
Myers,  who  addressed  the  Muskerry  Legion  and  Yeomanry  as  follows  : — 

"  In  leaving  the  important  command  of  this  district,  I  feel  great  satisfaction  in 
conveying  to  the  Yeomanry  the  high  sense  I  entertain  of  their  exertions,  improvement 
and  discipline,  actuated,  as  they  have  been,  by  the  noblest  of  motives — the  protection  of 
their  Sovereign  and  the  defence  of  their  country  from  foreign  and  internal  enemies.  In 
such  a  cause  a  corps  of  men  so  determined  must  be  successful  should  the  enemy 
attempt  their  shores.  It  is  needless  to  call  to  their  recollection  that  on  this  side  of 
Heaven  there  is  but  one  United  Kingdom  of  liberty  and  independence.  This  is  the 
trust  committed  to  their  charge ;  this  is  the  motive  which  has  called  them  to  the  field." 

In  April,  1804,  a  letter  was  laid  before  the  troop  by  Captain  Warren, 
from  Sir  E.  Nepean,  in  which  they  were  asked  if  they  would  volunteer 
for  foreign  service,  to  which  Captain  Swete  sent  the  following  reply  : — 

"  Dear  Sir, — I  have  laid  before  my  troop  Sir  Evan  Nepean's  letter,  with  which 
you  favoured  me  this  morning,  and  I  am  instructed  by  them  to  acquaint  you,  for  the 
information  of  his  Excellency  the  Lord  Lieutenant,  that  they  are  resolved  to  continue 
their  services  upon  the  same  terms  on  which  they  at  first  associated  in  arms  and  have 
since  given  them,  viz.  :  for  the  preservation  of  the  peace  of  their  district,  which  they 
are  bold  to  say,  though  their  district  is  extensive  and  has  been  principally  left  to  their 
care  for  seven  or  eight  years  back,  they  had  the  happiness  to  effect.  They  beg  leave,  at 
the  same  time,  to  assure  his  Excellency  that  their  not  volunteering  to  go  out  of  their 
district  at  present  does  not  arise  from  any  hesitation  or  tardiness  on  their  part  to  come 
forward  to  meet  the  enemies  of  their  King  and  country,  wherever  they  may  appear,  but 
solely  springs  from  their  anxiety  to  watch  over  and  guard  their  families  and  properties, 
which  are  tolerably  extensive,  and  to  the  protection  of  which  they  humbly  conceive  ten 
times  their  number  of  any  other  species  of  his  Majesty's  forces  may  not  be  equally 
competent.    I  am,  &c.  Samuel  Swete." 



The  parade  ground  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  and  Infantry  was 
Carrigadrohid,  and  here  their  monthly  inspection  took  place,  to  which 
they  were  summoned  by  letter.    Here  is  one  such  dated  June  I,  1805 — 

"  Lieut. -Colonel  Morrison's  compliments  to  Captain  Com1- Warren,  and  begs  lie  will 
have  the  goodness  to  have  the  Muskerry  Legion,  under  his  command,  under  arms  at 
Carrigadrohid,  at  12  o'clock  on  Wednesday,  the  12th  of  June,  for  his  monthly  inspec- 
tion, and  to  fire  three  rounds  of  blank  cartridge  per  man,  which  will  be  obtained  in 
Cork  by  applying  to  the  Adjutant-General. 

Cork,  June  1,  1805." 

The  major  part  of  this  book  is  written  by  Sergeant  Walter  McCarthy, 
who  devotes  nearly  half  its  pages  to  letters  of  instruction  from  Dublin 
Castle  and  Cork.  The  remainder  contains  a  diary,  and  records  the 
events  of  each  day  from  ,  August  1st,  1803,  to  February,  24th,  1806.  A 
few  of  these  daily  records  will  be  sufficient  to  show  what  the  duties  of  the 
Yeomanry  really  were,  and  how  they  resembled  those  now  so  ably  and 
efficiently  performed  by  the  Royal  Irish  Constabulary. 

"August  1,  1803.  This  day  received  a  letter  from  B.  Major  Fenton,  ordering  the 
Muskerry  Corps  upon  permanent  duty  at  whatever  place  or  advance  post  the  captain 
may  deem  most  useful  to  the  service ;  also  requiring  a  return  of  the  state  of  the  arms, 
ammunition,  etc.,  and  to  be  forthwith  made  to  General  Myers,  which  was  accordingly 
done.  The  captain  ordered  out  one  lieutenant  and  twenty  privates  into  Nettleville 
Barracks,  the  remainder  of  the  corps  into  Macroom.  The  captain  ordered  a  patrol  of  a 
sergeant  and  ten  men  to  scour  the  country  every  night  if  necessary. 

"August  yd.     The  patrole  were  out  last  night  and  found  all  quiet  and  orderly. 

' '  August  *jth.  The  patrole  were  out  and  took  up  four  disorderly  strangers  from 
Bantry,  they  said,  but  could  give  no  account  of  themselves.  Lodged  them  in  bridewell. 

"August  nth.    Sent  off  a  party  with  prisoners  to  Cork,  who  brought  back 

'^musquet  |ammunition 
Also  4  pistols,  88  pistol  flints,  86  musquet  do. 

Received  letter  from  B.  Major  Fenton,  dated  3rd  inst.,  ordering  to  secure  the  Pass  at 
Hullsville,  by  orders  of  General  Myers,  which  was  done  before ;  also  apprising  Captain 
Warren  that  his  offer  to  ye  Ld  Lieutenant  of  augmenting  his  troop  to  60  privates,  of 
raising  a  second  troop  of  the  same  number,  also  a  corps  of  Infantry  of  like  numbers, 
being  accepted  of,  and  the  B.  Major  arrived  on  his  return  from  Bantry  whither  he  was 
then  proceeding  by  orders  of  Gen'  Myers  to  inspect  the  entire  corps,  mounted  and 

"  August  13th.  Some  of  the -gentlemen  not  having  attended  to  go  express  escort 
according  to  their  turn  on  the  roaster,  I  do  hereby  order  henceforward  that  any 
gentleman  who  is  not  ready  to  go  on  his  duty  shall  be  fined  one  week's  pay — which 
shall  go  to  the  person  next  on  the  roaster  who  does  his  duty — for  the  first  offence,  and 
double  that  fine,  say  a  fortnight's  pay,  for  every  other  offence. 

A.  W.  [Augustus  Warren.] 

It  is  my  particular  order  that  the  officer  commanding  the  garrison  shall  give  no 
leave  of  absence  to  any  gentleman  except  in  some  case  of  sudden  necessity,  and  in  no 
case  that  he  has  less  than  twelve  privates  on  guard.  That  the  guard  shall  parade 
every  evening,  mounted,  at  half-past  seven  p.m.  A.  W." 



"August  16th.    Patroled.   A  prisoner  brought  in,  a  rioter,  and  lodged  in  bridewell." 

The  next  page  is  of  more  than  usual  interest  to  Muskerry  families,  as 
it  has  the  autograph  signatures  of  the  ancestors  of  many  who  are  still 
resident  in  the  district  and  whose  names  are  like  household  words  in  the 
county  Cork.  Each  of  these  gentlemen  upon  receiving  a  certain  amount 
of  ammunition  acknowledged  it  thus — 

"  We,  the  undersigned  members  of  the  Muskerry,  acknowledged  to  have  received 
from  Sergeant  MacCarthy  ten  rounds  of  Pistol  Ball  Cartridge  for  which  we  will  be 
accountable  to  Captain  Warren.    Macroom,  August  iSt/i,  1803. 

J.  Pearson 

Cal  McCarthy 


Walt.  McCarthy 

Paul  Horgan 

Jams  b.  Barry 

Thos  Radley 


John  Emanl  Orpen 

Matt  Minhear 


Henry  Cavendish 

Danl  F.  Leader 


James  Barry 


W«  Boyle,  c.p. 

J.  Pearson 


John  Williams,  j*- 

Paul  Horgan 


Anthy  Woodley 


Anthy  Woodley 


Richd  Ashe 


Thos  S.  Good 


Saml*  Baldwin 


Matt  Minhear 


Jn.  Colthurst 


Henry  Lindsey 

Richd  Barter 

Danl  Horgan 

Thoms  O'Herlihy 

Richd  Ashe 

M.  Williams 

Robt  McCarthy 

Corliss  Hawkes 

"August  iZth.  Went  to  Cork  and  brought  home  the  arms  and  ammunition,  etc.,  etc., 
for  the  second  troop  and  infantry. 

"  August  25th.  Received  an  express  from  Nettleville,  9  o'clock  a.m.,  to  be  forwarded 
to  Capt-  Wallis,  Millstreet,  which  was  carried  by  J.  Williams  and  Jno.  Williams,  jr., 
and  delivered  by  them  at  4  o'clock  p.m. 

"September  $tk.  Went  out  on  information  with  the  guard  and  took  ten  men  in  the 
parish  of  Donoughmore,  charged  with  the  burning  of  eight  houses  in  that  neighbour- 
hood on  the  night  of  the  3rd  inst,  and  lodged  them  in  Macroom  Bridewell. 

"September  Wi.  Liberated  three  of  the  prisoners  taken  on  the  5th  inst.,  not  having 
sufficient  information  against  them.  Escorted  the  seven  other  prisoners  to  Cork  the 
same  day,  and  lodged  them  in  the  County  Gaol. 

"  September  7.2nd.  The  first  troop  went  to  parade  and  elected  Samuel  Swete,  esq., 
captain  of  the  first  troop,  Sam1-  Baldwin  1st  lieutenant,  and  Sergeant  Holland,  2nd  lieut. 
The  undernamed  gentlemen  of  the  first  troop  joined  the  2nd  troop— -Epinetus  Crook 
Henry  Rubie,  Wm-  Crook,  John  R.  Coppinger,  John  Gollock,  Thos.  O'Herlihy,  Francis 
Carey,  Nichs-  White,  Richd.  Splaine. 

"  October  Zth.    John  Leader  was  balloted  for  and  admitted  unanimously. 

"  October  gtk.  The  first  troop  paraded  in  Macroom  and  balloted  for  a  second 
lieutenant,  when  Thos.  J.  Coppinger  was  unanimously  elected  and  admitted. 

Nicholas  White  left  the  1st  troop  and  joined  the  2nd  troop. 

"  October  \\th.  Paraded  in  the  morning,  and  sent  off  summons  to  such  of  the  corps 
as  were  about  to  go  on  an  excursion. 

At  six  o'clock  set  off  with  the  following  detachment,  being  reinforced  in  Millstreet 
by  Captain  Wallis  and  10  of  his  corps  on  the  representation  of  a  man  who  promised 



Reduced  Facsimile  of  Page  of  Orderly  Book  copied  in  preceding  page. 



to  show  us  a  depot  of  upwards  of  three  hundred  stand  of  arms  of  different  kinds,  near 
Killorglin,  twenty  miles  north-west  of  Killarney,  in  ye  county  Kerry.  Arrived  at  the 
spot  at  daybreak  next  morning,  found  the  cave,  but  the  arms  were  removed.  Many  of 
those  who  went  returned  to  Killarney  and  staid  there  one  night  ;  came  home  through 

Here  follow  the  names  of  the  gentlemen  who  went  to  the  county 
Kerry,  and  the  amount  of  their  "  travelling  expenses  " — 

"  Captain  Swete,  Sergeant  McCarthy,  Corporal  Barter,  Corporal  McCarthy,  Henry 
Lindsay,  James  Barry,  Thomas  Good,  Cornelius  Hawkes,  John  Williams,  Paul  Horgan, 
Mathew  Minhear,  Walter  McCarthy,  Richard  Ashe,  Anthony  Woodley,  Thomas  Radley, 
Thomas  O'Meagher,  Michael  Williams,  Henry  Cavendish,  John  Pearson,  Daniel 

The  amount  of  the  hotel  bill,  etc.,  at  Millstreet  was  . .  .£392 

at  Killarney  . .     15  14  5| 

Total     .  .  £i9    3  7i 
The  amount  of  their  expenses  at  Macroom  '  the  night  we  returned '  is  left  blank" 
"  October  22nd.   The  first  troop  met  on  parade  this  day  in  consequence  of  an  alarm 

that  spread  that  the  French  landed  near  Sligo.    Richard  Splaine  left  the  first  and 

joined  the  second  troop. 

"■October  2&eth>    Received  orders,  dated  Dublin  Castle,  15  Oct.,  1803,  allowing  two 

guineas  per  man  to  the  corps  for  new  clothing.    Signed,  '  E.  B.  Littlehales.' 

"  October  26th.    The  troop  paraded  and  exercised.    John  Barter  and  Wm-  Grainger 

admitted.    Edwd.  Barrett  and  A.  Larimore  were  balloted  for  and  admitted. 
"  October  31st.    Copy  of  letter  from  the  B.  Major — 

'  Kinsale^  Nov.  1st,  1803. 
My  Dear  Sir, — You  will  be  pleased  to  cause  the  Muskerry  Legion  Corps  of 
cavalry  and  infantry,  under  your  command,  to  be  under  arms  at  12  of  the  clock  on 
Saturday  next,  the  5th  inst.,  for  their  monthly  inspection.    Yours  &c, 

Thomas  Temple  Fenton,  B.  Major.' 
"  November  26tk,  1 803.    The  Muskerry  Legion,  cavalry  and  infantry,  were  inspected 
by  B.  Major  Fenton  in  Macroom. 

Field  return  made  to  the  Brigade  Major — 

2  captains  2  sergeants 

2  lieutenants  32  rank  and  file 

1  trumpeter  14  absent  on  leave 

It  was  unanimously  resolved  and  agreed  that  there  should  be  a  fine  of  3/9^  on  every 
member  that  would  be  absent  on  Thursdays,  which  is  to  be  the  general  parade  day  in 
every  week. 

"November  2W1.  Lieut.  Coppinger,  with  a  sergeant  and  twelve  men  of  the  1st  troop 
went  about  two  o'clock  in  the  morning  and  apprehended  seven  men  for  house  burning 
and  lodged  them  in  the  co.  Gaol." 

Here  a  correspondence  occurs  arising  out  of  an  order  from  Captn- 
Warren,  in  which  he  requests  Lieutenant  Coppinger  to  escort  a  deserter 
of  the  16th  Regiment  from  Millstreet  to  Bandon.  That  officer  refuses 
because  it  is  not  the  duty  of  the  cavalry,  and  the  deserter  is,  in  conse- 
quence, handed  over  to  four  privates  of  the  M.  L.  Infantry. 



"January  \\thy  1804.  Four  o'clock  a.m. — Received  from  one  of  the  12th  Dragoons 
from  Mallow  a  packet  for  Admiral  Sir  R.  Caldcr,  Bantry.  The  same  day  Matt.  Minhear 
and  Richd.  Ashe  went  express  with  the  above  packet  to  Dunmanway  and  delivered  it 
at  seven  o'clock  to  Sergt-  Rutledge  of  the  12th  Dragoons. 

"  January  26//1.  This  day  the  first  troop  paraded  with  new  clothing  at  Carriga- 
drohid.  Captain  Warren  proposed  the  following  young  men  to  be  members  of  the 
1st  troop,  and  was  seconded  by  Lieut.  Coppinger  : — Thos.  Lindsay,  John  Barrett,  junr., 
Cornelius  Delany,  Maurice  Lane,  John  Lane,  Edward  Grainger.  To  be  called  for  next 
parade  day. 

" January  30th.  Two  of  those  proposed  on  the  26th  were  admitted,  viz.,  Thos. 
Lindsay  and  J  no.  Barrett,  jr- 

"  February  gf/i.  Henry  Cavendish  went  to  Dublin.  Woods  Johnson  in  his 

"February  16th.    Mr.  John  Leader  sent  in  his  letter  of  resignation. 

"  February  22nd.    Robert  McCarthy  appointed  agent  of  the  troop. 

"  February  24th.  Received  from  a  detachment  of  the  Millstreet  cavalry  two  French 
prisoners  to  be  escorted  to  Cork,  and  paid  the  corporal  of  the  detachment  £1  14s.  i£d. 
expenses  attending  the  conveyance  of  said  prisoners  from  Killarney  to  Macroom  as  per 
route.  Thomas  S.  Maher  went  express  to  Captain  Swete  to  inform  him  of  the  arrival 
of  the  above  prisoners,  and  brought  orders  to  have  them  sent  to-morrow  to  Magourney 
barracks,  escorted  by  a  corporal  and  four,  namely,  Rob.  McCarthy,  Mattw-  Minhear, 
Richard  Ashe,  George  Thornhill,  Jno.  Pearson. 

"  April  2\th.     Henry  Cavendish  quitted  the  1st  troop  and  joined  the  infantry. 

"July  i$tk.  Robt.  McCarthy  went  express  to  Cork  with  a  packet  from  General  Floyd 
for  General  Sir  Eyre  Coote.  N.B. — This  packet  was  received  at  five  o'clock  a.m.  from 
a  Millstreet  yeoman,  and  sent  off  at  half-past  five  a.m. 

"July  i6lk.  Paul  Horgan  went  express  to  Cork  at  night  with  a  dispatch  from 
General  Payne,  Limerick,  for  Captain  Butcher, (2)  of  the  Royal  Navy.  Received  dispatch 
from  a  Kenmare  yeoman  at  half-past  ten  and  sent  it  off  at  eleven. 

"August  4tk.  Richard  Radley  sent  in  his  resignation  and  arms,  viz.,  a  sword 
and  pistol.    N.B. — He  took  them  back  again. 

"November  21st.  Wm.  Minhear  and  John  Orpen  were  balloted  for  and  admitted 
members  of  the  1st  troop. 

"  December  20th.  Mr.  Michl-  Rogers  was  balloted  for  and  admitted  a  member  of  the 
1st  troop  of  M.  L. 

"April  13th,  1805.  Balloted  at  the  guard-room  for  the  following  members,  who 
were  unanimously  admitted  : — Thos.  Barter,  John  Johnson,  Ben.  Swete. 

"  April  2W1.    James  Boyle  balloted  for  and  admitted  a  member  1st  troop  M.  L. 

"May  2nd,  1805.  Reed,  from  M.  FitzGibbon  Mr.  Abm-  Cross's  sword.  Nothing 

"  May  31st.    James  B.  Barry's  sword  and  pistol  were  sent  in  by  Richd.  Radley. 

"June  \2th.  Received  from  Captain  Comt- Warren  ^101  17s,  the  pay  of  the  first 
troop  for  the  months  ending  24th  February  and  24th  March,  1805. 

"June  22nd.  Dan  Horgan  sent  in  his  arms,  viz.,  a  carbine,  a  bayonet,  a  pistol. 
No  buckt-  strap  or  cartridge  box. 

"July  14th.  John  Good,  junr->  and  Henry  Cavendish  balloted  for,  and  admitted 

(2)  Afterwards  Admiral  Butcher.  I  remember,  when  a  very  small  boy,  sitting  on  his  knee 
at  Glenbrook  and  listening  to  his  stories.    His  family  are  still  represented  in  Cork. 


"September  22nd.    Received  from  the  magazine,  Cork  : 
306  rounds  ball  cartridge 
816     ,,       blank  ,, 
102  flints 

"  October  20th.    Edward  Barrett,  seni-»  balloted  for,  and  unanimously  admitted. 
"February  24th,  1806.    Received  from  Charles  Fort,  Kinsale  : 

380  rounds  ball  cartridge 

146  carbine  and  pistol  flints 
"March  2\th.    Mr.  Charles  Crofts  was  balloted  for  and  admitted." 

And  here  follows  the  last  entry  in  the  book  : 

"  The  Legion  was  inspected  at  Carrigadrohid  by  Major  Fenton,  March  24th,  1806, 
and  March  25th,  1806." 

When  it  was  disbanded  I  am  unable  to  say,  but  Mr.  Herbert  Webb 
Gillman,  whose  home  is  in  Muskerry,  and  whose  ancestor  was  a  member 
of  the  2nd  troop  of  the  Muskerry  Legion,  has  kindly  promised  to  supple- 
ment this  notice  of  the  first  troop  from  family  papers  and  records  in  his 

( To  be  continued.) 

Che  T^ise  and  progress  in  jMunster  of  the 
Rebellion,  1642.  ' 

(From  a  Manuscript  in  the  British  Museum.) 

Edited  by  HERBERT  WEBB  GILLMAN,  B.L.,  Vice-President, 

OW,  the  poor  townspeople  of  Moyalloe  thought  it  very 
feasible  for  them  to  keep  many  of  the  stone  houses,  if 
the  enemy  should  not  exceed  two  to  three  hundred, 
by  placing  three  or  six  musketeers  in  every  of  them, 
and  by  planking  the  windows,  and  making  spike-holes 
for  shooting.  And  with  that  intention  they  brought 
much  of  their  goods,  which  were  bulky,  especially  corn 
in  great  abundance,  into  the  houses,  and  sent  to  the  Great  Castle  their 
choicest  goods,  and  such  as  were  most  portable.  But  so  soon  as  they 
saw  that  the  " monstrum^  horrendutn,  deforme  itigens"  was  like  to  fall  on 
them,  they  quit  those  houses  and  went  into  the  Great  Castle,  leaving 

(1)  ^Eneid,  bk.  iii.  verse  658.  The  desire  of  the  writer  of  the  manuscript  to  air 
his  knowledge  of  Latin  has  been  previously  noticed.  In  this  case  he  misquotes  Virgil, 
deforme  for  informe.    His  quotation  would  not  scan. 


much  of  their  movables  and  provisions  behind  them  ;  only  some  persons 
of  good  estate  and  esteem  kept  a  stone  house  about  the  middle  of  the 
town,  wherein  they  with  their  families  were  engaged,  being  taken  on  the 
sudden  and  having  no  time  to  remove  themselves  and  their  domestics 
thence.  By  this  time  is  the  General  returned  from  his  hunting  out  of 
the  park,  and  all  the  army  drawn  together  in  one  body  on  the  hill.  At 
their  first  coming  to  which,  they,  in  a  great  bravado,  made  as  though 
they  would  plant  the  small  piece  of  artillery  they  brought  with  them, 
whose  motto,  or  rather  meaning,  seemed  to  be  "  Resist  and  die  ; "  which 
produced  but  poor  effect,  it  being  well  known  the  piece  could  hardly 
shoot  so  far  at  random  as  between  the  hill  and  the  town,  and  that  for 
the  matter  of  battery  it  would  do  little  more  than  an  ordinary  musket. 
About  an  hour  before  the  appearing  of  the  army,  you  might,  from  the 
top  of  the  Great  Castle  (which  is  a  place  very  conspicuous),  have  seen 
such  a  numberless  crew  of  unarmed,  pilfering  rogues  run  up  and  down 
in  every  place  for  pillage,  for  five  or  six  miles  in  breadth,  so  that  from 
a  louse  to  a  lion  there  could  nothing  escape  them  ;  some  of  whom 
adventured  so  near  to  the  castle  that  they  paid  dearly  for  it,  but  they 
were  so  numerous  it  was  to  no  more  purpose  to  kill  them  than  go  about 
to  kill  the  locusts  sent  among  the  Egyptians.  A  part  of  these  (while 
the  rest  made  exact  inquisition  abroad  in  the  fields  and  farm  housesj 
which  stood  alone  and  were  forsaken)  came  into  the  town,  partly  to  get 
pillage,  and  partly  to  receive  information  whether  the  town  were  so 
abandoned  that  the  army  might  march  into  it  with  security;  which 
being  advertised  of,  about  the  falling  of  the  evening,  some  of  the  foot 
companies  began  to  advance  towards  the  town,  the  General  and  most  of 
his  troops  of  horse  staying  on  the  hill,  where  they  continued  till  all  the 
The  General  f°0*  was  come  m  an<^  till  it  was  dark.  And  then  the 
went  to  the  General,  with  a  convenient  number  of  horse,  took  his 
nea?to°CheS'  journey  to  tne  Lord  Roche's  house,  being  six  miles  distant, 
Moyalloe,  and  never  came  to  Moyalloe,  being  indisposed  in  his 
the^Lord11 10  nea^tn'  committing  the  government  of  the  consultations, 
Ikerrin,  lieut.-  and  all  other  business  to  be  done  at  Moyalloe,  to  the  care 
general.  Qf  ^  Lord  of  Ikerrin,  lieut-general,  yet  so  as  they  had 

intelligence  and  direction  almost  hourly  from  him. 

And  now,  they  being  all  quartered  in  the  town  and  lands  of 
Moyalloe,  and  exceedingly  well  accommodated  with  forage  and  provision 
for  man  and  horse,  there  came  one  Sergeant-Major  Walsh,  who,  desiring 
conference  with  those  of  the  Great  Castle  from  the  walls,  told  them  he 
was  employed  from  the  General  to  let  them  know  that  his  army  had 
occasion  to  pass  through  their  town,  and  to  lie  there  that  night,  during 
which  time  he  desired  to  have  fair  quarter  and  correspondency  with 



them.  As  to  whom  answer  was  made  that,  if  they  might  be  assured 
that  his  lordship  had  no  ill  intentions  towards  them,  they 
would  submit  to  his  request.  Whereupon  the  Sergeant- 
Major  protesting  that,  to  the  best  of  his  knowledge,  the 
General  had  no  bad  meaning  towards  them  or  their  place, 
but  only  to  pass  through  it,  they  agreed  upon  a  quarter 
to  continue  till  the  next  morning;  and  therein  concluded  that  none  of 
the  army  should  approach  near  the  castle,  to  a  place  consigned — being 

Major  Walsh 
undertook  no 
harm  should 
fall  on  the 

"  The  Great  Castle." 

{Reprinted from  p.  43,  vol.  ii.,  1st  series). 

some  sixteen  yards  from  the  castle  walls.  And  so  they  parted  on  friendly 
terms,  and  presently  sent,  in  the  name  of  the  General,  to  the  castle  for 
beer,  bread  and  cheese,  which  was  plentifully  conferred  on  them.  And 
so  they,  having  sent  their  scouts,  set  their  watches,  and  put  a  strong 
guard  on  the  great  bridge  leading  over  the  Blackwater  (within  the 
command  of  the  castle),  that  night  passed  quietly  over. 

And  the  next  morning  the  said  Sergeant-Major  came  to  the  Great 
Castle,  and  told  those  who  had  the  charge  thereof  that  he  expected  the 
Lord  General's  coming  thither  from  the  Lord  Roche's  that  morning  (as 
he  thought),  to  march  away  in  the  afternoon,  and  desired  continuance 


of  quarter  as  formerly,  which  was  consented  to  by  them,  but  for  no 
certain  time  longer  than  during  pleasure  on  either  side,  and  to  be 
dissolved  upon  two  hours' summons  being  given  by  the  dissenting  party. 

And  so  that  Saturday,  12th  of  February,  passed  without 
1  c  ry.  anything  done  worthy  of  relation,  save  that  there  resorted 
to  the  rebels  an  incredible  confluence  of  all  sorts,  some  to  join  with 
them  in  the  common  cause,  but  most  of  them  to  share  and  co-operate 
with  them  in  rapine  and  pilfering  of  the  poor  Englishman's  goods, 
whereof  they  exported  great  abundance  on  people's  backs,  and  on 
garrons  out  of  the  town,  wherein  their  very  next  neighbours  were  most 
busy  and  active,  specially  in  carrying  away  the  corn,  of  which  they 
found  no  less  than  £1000  worth  in  malt  and  wheat,  a  great  quantity  of 
which  they  wilfully  spoiled,  and  threw  out  into  the  dirt  and  streets.  Of 
the  rest,  they  were  so  egregiously  prodigal  (lest  they  should  leave  any 
behind  for  use  of  the  proprietors)  that  malt  was  sold  for  I2d.  the  barrel, 
the  like  whereof,  within  six  days  after  their  departure,  was  sold  for  20s. 
at  the  castle.  It  was  observed  by  the  wardens  of  the  Great  Castle,  out 
of  the  platform,  that  this  day  there  were  carried  on  men's  backs  into  the 
town  about  1400  English  sheep  for  the  army's  provision,  besides  great 
store  of  beeves,  and  plenty  of  beer  and  bread,  sent  in  every  day  by  the 
Lord  Roche,  McDonogh,  and  O'Callaghan,  who  undertook  to  victual 

They  of  the  Great  Castle  had  intelligence  given  them  that  the 
enemy  began  to  brew  in  the  town,  and  make  other  preparation,  by  which 
they  collected  that  the  enemy  resolved  to  keep  their  residence  longer 
than  they  expected  them. 

And  thereupon,  on  Sunday  morning,  13th  February,  they  writ  to  the 
commander-in-chief  of  that  army  that  they,  observing  that  the  quarter 
or  correspondency  held  with  them  had  been  hitherto 
takeTby^he  injurious  to  themselves  and  only  advantageous  to  the 
Governor  of  enemy,  and  that  they  had  many  reasons  to  suspect  their 
CasSTgainst  §00<^  intentions  towards  them  of  the  castle  ;  and  thereupon 
the  induTgence  they  did  declare  that  the  quarter  should  be  dissolved  that 
granted  ^7  12  °f  tne  c^ocK  unless  they,  the  rebels,  would 

undertake,  in  the  word  of  a  soldier,  to  march  with  their 
army  the  next  day,  being  Monday,  out  of  the  town.  Upon  receipt  of 
which  letter  they  sent  to  those  of  the  castle  that  their  letter  should  be 
conveyed  to  the  General,  and  an  answer  obtained  with  all  convenient 
expedition.  And,  about  an  hour  after,  Captain  Edmond(2)  Butler,  son 
and  heir  to  the  Lord  General,  and  Sergeant-Major  Purcell  came  to  the 

(2)  See  note  2,  p.  531  Journal,  vol.  i.  2nd  series. 


Great  Castle  desiring  conference,  the  effect  whereof  was  that  they 
conceived  it  would  be  a  matter  of  difficulty  to  send  to  their  General  and 
receive  an  answer  in  so  short  a  time  as  between  that  and  twelve  of  the 
clock,  and  therefore  entreated  earnestly  for  a  longer  time  before  the 
quarter  should  be  dissolved,  assuring  that  some  time  that  day  they 
would  obtain  the  General's  full  answer  and  resolution.  At  length  with 
their  vehement  importunity  they  so  far  prevailed  that  those  of  the 
castle  did  condescend  to  attend  the  answer  till  three  of  the  clock  that 
afternoon  and  not  longer.  Which  being  agreed  on,  Sergeant-Major 
Purcell  desired  that  he  might  speak  a  word  or  two  in  private  with 
Arthur  and  his  father,  Thomas  Betesworth;  whereunto  being  admitted 
(the  rest  of  the  warders  being  commanded  to  stand  off  from  the  walls), 
he  began  to  extol  the  invincible  power  of  the  General,  and 


proposes  the    tnen  persuading  the  rendering  up  of  the  castle,  which  if 

delivering  up  they  would  do  they  should  set  down  their  own  conditions 
of  the  Ccistlc 

therein  ;  if  not,  they  would  be  by  force  (which  they  had 
no  possibility  to  resist)  compelled  thereunto  with  their  extremest  peril 
and  hazard.  Unto  which  proposition  answer  was  instantly  made  that 
A  courageous  tneY  were  so  far  from  giving  up  the  castle  upon  composition 
answer.  that  they  had  all  that  Sabbath  taken  the  Sacrament  not 

to  yield  it  up  as  long  as  a  man  was  left  alive  in  it,  and  wished  him  tell 
the  General  that  if  he  sent  any  messenger  again  with  any  such  overture, 
he  should  never  return  to  bring  him  answer.  Unto  whom  Purcell 
replied  that  he  knew  not  the  General's  mind  therein  ;  but,  if  he  had 
been  in  his  stead  and  place,  he  would  never  forsake  Moyalloe  till  he  had 

possessed  himself  of  that  castle,  in  regard  that  place  was 
between86  a  great  "  through-fare "  and  continual  passage  between 
Limerick  and   Limerick  and  Cork,  and  lay  very  commodious  in  respect 

of  the  bridge  for  transferring  their  armies,  provisions  and 
carriages  to  and  fro,  which  they  could  not  make  use  of  so  long  as  it 
was  in  the  hands  of  the  English.  To  whom  answer  was  made  that,  for 
that  very  reason,  and  for  the  preservation  of  those  in  it,  it  concerned 
them  to  keep  the  castle  out  of  their  custody,  and  that  it  was  a  wonder 
that  men  of  their  birth,  estates  and  reputation  would  be  seen  in  so  foul 
and  facinorous  an  action,  wherein  it  might  be  thought  it  had  been 
sufficient  for  them  to  have  despoiled  the  English  of  all  their  estates, 
goods,  and  livelihoods,  but  that  they  must  pursue  also  their  persons  and 
liberties  with  much  cruelty  to  destruction.  Whereunto  Captain  Butler 
most  erroneously  made  the  answer,  that  neither  they  nor  any  of  their 
commanders  did  meddle  with  or  receive  any  goods  from  the  English 
(which  is  not  true) ;  but  it  is  true  that  their  "  common  soldiers,  and 
rascality,  and  runagathoes,"  which  followed  their  army,  did  steal  and 


take  away  Englishmen's  goods,  not  only  without  but  against  their 
directions,  and  that  they  only  desired  competent  provision  for  their 
army  in  their  marches;  that  they  did  infinitely  abhor  and  interdict 
the  killing  any  English  but  such  as  did  resist  them  ;  and  if  anyone 
were  killed  upon  cold  blood,  it  was  the  common  soldiers'  and  not  their 

It  is  now  three  of  the  clock  and  the  quarter  expired,  and  the 
garrisons  of  both  castles  (for  they  were  both  concluded  within  the 
compass  of  the  treaty)  did  most  affectionately  fall  upon  the  enemy 
with  their  guns  and  killed  many,  who  through  over  much  ignorance  or 
boldness  came  within  range  of  their  shot.  And  first  they  of  the  Great- 
Castle  cleared  the  great  bridge  of  the  enemy,  and  laid  an  injunction 
that  no  man  should  pass  over  it,  sub  poena  vitce>  without  their  consents. 
But  within  a  short  time  they  grew  cautious,  and  so  spoiled  the  warders' 
sport.  And,  about  the  falling  of  the  night  on  Sunday,  there  came  a 
letter  signed  by  Lord  Ikerrin  (the  lieut.-general)  and  Colonel  Walle, 
directed  to  Thomas  and  Arthur  Betesworth  ;  the  first  part  thereof 
contained  some  rambling  exceptions  they  took  that  some  of  their  men 
had  been  killed  during  the  quarter ;  but  the  rest,  that  they  had  put  on  a 
full  resolution  to  be  possessed  of  the  castle  before  they  departed  the 
town,  and  left  it  to  their  choice  to  render  it  on  fair  and  friendly 
conditions  (which  they  should  obtain  to  their  own  contents),  or  else 
to  expect  such  extremities  as  war  could  expose  them  unto.  Whereunto 
they  readily  answered  that  the  men  they  complained  of  to  be  shot  (as 
in  truth  some  there  were)  were  killed  within  the  precinct  or  verge  of 
the  castle,  concerning  which  they  had  already  given  full  satisfaction 
to  Sergeant-Major  Walsh  ;  and,  for  the  last  part  of  their  letter,  that 
they  had  entertained  as  full  resolutions  (with  God's  assistance,  and 
for  whose  cause  they  fought)  to  defend  the  castle  as  the  other  did  to 
assault  it. 

And  so  that  night  passed  with  the  exchange  of  some  shot  on  either 
side  to  little  purpose.  But  the  next  morning,  14th  Febuary, 
14th  February.  ^  enemy  played  something  hot  upon  the  castle  out  of 
certain  spike-holes  they  had  made  in  many  of  the  houses  next  adjoining, 
and  laid  some  100  musketeers  in  the  orchard  and  ditches,  so  that  they 
suffered  not  the  defendants  to  put  their  heads  over  the  wall  without 
shooting  at  it,  though  without  any  hurt  at  all,  save  that  they  shot  one 
of  the  warders  in  the  thigh,  who  sallied  out  with  others  without 
direction,  of  which  wound  he  is  upon(3)  recovery.    Our  intelligence 

(3)  This  is  one  of  the  many  sentences  in  this  MS.,  showing  that  it  was  written 
contemporaneously  with  the  events  described. 


informed  those  of  the  Great  Castle  that  the  enemy  did  expect  the 
Lord  coming  of  the  Lord  of  Muskerry  W  to  join  with  them, 

Muskerry.  whom,  because  he  is  now  become  a  notable,  considerable, 
concerning  man  in  this  great  affair,  I  may  not  let  pass  without  a  note  ; 
and  it  shall  be  of  admonition  to  find  him  among  a  magazin  of  such 
murderers.  He  is  of  the  family  of  the  Cartys,  which  they  affirm  to  be 
of  such  antiquity,  that  unless  you  admit  them  to  have  a  being  so  long 
before  the  coming  of  our  blessed  Saviour  as  there  hath  been  time  since, 
they  think  you  undervalue  them  much.  This  man's  father  was  the  first 
lord  of  that  name,  which  he  nobly  attained  by  purchase  and  acquisition. 
He  was  summoned  to  the  first  meeting  at  Buttevant,  but  came  not,  and 
all  this  time,  and  some  days  after,  held  intelligence  with  the  Lord 
President,  lying  at  Cork,  unto  which  the  Barony  of  Muskerry  (from 
which  the  name  of  his  viscountship  is  derived)  lies  contiguous.  And, 
although  he  did  for  some  days  by  his  neutrality  secure  himself  in  his 
own(s)  thoughts,  yet  when  he  found  the  time  fit  for  it,  he  did  most 

(4)  Donogh  MacCormac  (oge)  MacCarthy,  eighteenth  lord  of  Muskerry,  son  of 
Cormac  oge  MacCormac  MacCarthy,  seventeenth  lord,  who  is  shown  in  the  pedigree 
of  the  family  published  at  p.  193  of  vol.  i.  of  this  Journal  {1st  series),  to  illustrate  an 
article  on  the  "  Sept  Lands  of  Muskerry."  The  seventeenth  lord  and  his  father,  Cormac, 
the  sixteenth  lord,  had  followed  the  example  of  the  fourteenth  lord — the  famous  Sir 
Cormac  MacTeige  MacCarthy;  and,  by  successive  surrenders  of  the  clan  lands,  as  if 
their  own,  to  the  Crown,  and  subsequent  regrants  from  the  Crown  to  themselves,  had 
'diverted  the  ownership  of  the  lands  from  the  clan  to  themselves,  and  became  landlords 
receiving  rents  in  money,  instead  of  chieftains  over  clansmen — their  status  under 
Tanist  law,  Donogh's  father,  Cormac  Oge,  had  been  created  in  1628  Baron  of  Blarney 
and  Viscount  of  Muskerry.  Donogh  was  the  second  viscount ;  and  having  joined  in 
this  civil  war,  1641-52,  became  commander  of  the  Munster  forces  of  the  "rebels." 
He  was  exiled  to  the  Continent  by  the  Parliament,  but  afterwards  assisted  in  the 
Restoration  of  King  Charles  II.,  by  whom  he  was,  in  1658,  created  Earl  of  Clancarty. 
His  grandson,  also  called  Donogh,  fourth  earl,  joined  the  losing  side  of  King  James  II. 
in  his  contest  with  William  of  Orange,  and  was  taken  prisoner  at  the  capture  of  Cork, 
29th  September,  1690,  and  was  confined  in  the  Tower,  but  escaped  to  France.  He 
was  outlawed;  but  was  subsequently  pardoned  by  King  William,  who  allowed  him  a 
pension  of  ^300  a-year.  His  estates  in  Muskerry,  i.e.  the  landlord  rights  filched  a 
century  before  from  the  clan,  were  forfeited  and  sold  in  Dublin  to  various  purchasers 
in  1702-3. 

(5)  From  papers  preserved  in  the  family  of  Rye  of  Ryecourt  (lately  most  kindly  lent 
to  me,  and  from  which  I  hope  to  be  able  to  add  to  the  history  of  the  lands  of  Muskerry 
in  the  seventeenth  century),  it  appears  that  Donogh,  Viscount  Muskerry,  found  some 
difficulty  in  getting  the  gentlemen  of  his  "country"  to  follow  him  into  this  civil  war. 
hiter  alia  those  papers  state: — "In  year  1641,  several  Irish  gents  of  Bar.  Muskerry 
had  estates  of  inheritance,  as  well  as  Donogh,  the  Lord  Muskerry,  who  was  afterwards 
Donogh,  Earl  of  Clancarty.  This  earl  invited  the  other  gents  into  the  war  :  they  were 
loath  to  do  it,  for,  if  they  happened  to  be  cast,  they  should  lose  their  estates  ;  but  he, 
being  married  to  the  then  Duke  of  Ormonde's  sister,  Countess  Helen,  might  be 
restored  to  his  estate,  though  they  should  lose  theirs.  But  he  promised  them  he 
would  do  nothing  for  himself,  but  what  they  should  receive  the  like  benefit," — a 
promise,  it  may  be  added,  not  fulfilled.  The  "gents"  referred  to  were  kinsmen  of  the 
chief,  who,  in  the  change  of  tenure  {see  last  note)  had  secured  separate  holdings  for 
themselves,  or  large  tenants,  late  clansmen,  who  had  obtained  a  sort  of  fixity  of 
tenure  in  their  holdings. 



Muskerry's  disloyally  revolt,  although  the  President  did  labour  most 
revolt.  strenuously  to  contain  him  within  the  bonds  of  allegiance, 

yet  in  vain.  It  was  put  into  his  head — and  without  any  other  ground 
than  such  as  the  bards  or  rimers  have  invented — that  his  ancestors  have 
been  kings  of  Cork,  and  that  now  were  the  time  for  him  to  put  on  foot 
that  regal  title,  to  whom  I  doubt  not  but  it  will  prove  destructive.  His 
revenue  is  commonly  discoursed  to  have  been  £7,000  <6)  per 
b?sklesPei  annum,  and  to  have  of  ready  money  ,£30,000,  all  which 
money  in  his  was  lately  left  him  by  the  parsimony  of  an  illiberal  and 
purse'  narrow-minded  father ;  which  is  far  different  from  the 

condition  of  many  other  lords  and  gentlemen  of  this  country,  as  the 
Lord  Roche,  McDonogh,  O'Callaghan,  O'Keeffe,  and  many  others, 
whose  debts  are  so  deep  that  the  whole  revenue  of  their  lands  do  little 
more  than  satisfy  the  very  interest.  By  this  man's  example  many 
gentlemen  of  power  and  estate  (who  before  stood  as  lookers-on)  have 
openly  declared  themselves  and  taken  arms  against  the  Crown.  The 
mischief  is  that  a  great  part  of  this  man's  money  hath  been  sent  into 
foreign  countries  to  purchase  arms  and  ammunition. 

I  have  dwelt  so  long  on  this  graceless  grandee  that  this  day  is 
almost  spent  by  exchanging  of  bullets  from  the  castle  to  the  enemy,  to 

(6)  This  estimate  of  Lord  Muskerry's  rental  in  1642  is  probably  approximately 
correct.  There  is  in  the  British  Museum  a  copy,  partly  in  print  and  partly  in  MS., 
of  the  Book  of  Postings  and  Sale  of  the  Forfeited  Estates  in  Ireland,  forfeited  after 
1690,  and  sold  at  Chichester  House,  Dublin,  in  1702-3.  It  is  in  much  detail,  having 
columns  showing  the  names  of  forfeiting  proprietors,  names  of  townlands,  number  of 
acres  (Irish)  in  each,  yearly  rents  in  1702,  real  value  yearly  in  1702,  tenants'  names, 
general  description  of  the  several  lands,  estate  or  interest  therein  claimed  and  allowed 
to  lessees  and  others,  names  of  purchasers,  amount  realised  by  sale,  and  mode  of  pay- 
ment. At  intervals  of  leisure,  a  couple  of  years  ago,  I  copied  all  relating  to  county 
Cork ;  and  now,  to  test  the  above  estimate,  I  have  totalled  the  money  columns,  and 
arrived  at  the  following  results  : — 

The  rental,  in  1702,  of  the  "estate"  {i.e.  landlord's  rights)  of  Donogh,  fourth  Earl 
of  Clancarty,  in  Muskerry  (only)  in  county  Cork,  was  £7,980  16s.  iod.,  which  was  due 
chiefly  on  leases  granted  by  Helen,  widow  of  first  Earl  of  Clancarty,  the  nobleman 
named  in  the  text  above.  His  estate  had  been  confiscated  by  the  Cromwellian  Parlia- 
ment, but  was  mostly  restored  to  him  by  King  Charles  II.,  under  the  Act  of  Settlement. 
After  this  earl's  death,  in  1665,  his  widow  was  empowered  to  grant  the  leases  just 
mentioned,  as  is  shown  particularly  by  the  Rye  Court  papers  mentioned  in  note  5. 

Further,  I  find  that  the  real  value  yearly,  in  1702,  of  the  estate  in  Muskerry  was 
estimated  at  £12,961  9s.  2d.,  which  was  sold  at  fourteen  years'  purchase,  i.e.  for  a  sum 
of  ,£181,460  8s.  46L  Much  of  this  was  bought  by  the  '*  Governor  and  Company  of  the 
Corporation  for  making  hollow  sword  blades,"  to  whom  a  debt  of  £97,000  was  due  by 
Government,  which  amount  was  set  against  the  corporation's  purchases  of  forfeited 
lands.  The  corporation  parted  with  the  lands  so  purchased  to  other  vendees ;  and,  as 
is  well  known,  many  of  the  present  titles  in  Muskerry  start  from  the  sales  made  by 
this  corporation. 

In  talking  of  the  earl's  "  estate,"  it  must  be  remembered  that  the  rental  was  pay- 
able out  of  lands  which,  up  to  the  end  of  the  preceding  century,  had  been  the  common 
property  of  the  clan,  but  had  been  alienated  from  the  clansmen  to  their  chieftain  as 
landlord  under  the  Crown  policy  of  "surrender  and  regrant." 


the  loss  of  some  of  their  men,  and  from  them  to  the  castle,  at  which 
and  at  the  platform',  whereon  the  ordnance  was  mounted,  they  played 
much  out  of  their  spike-holes  without  hurt,  the  bawn  walls  being  so 
high  and  the  ground  somewhat  low  from  which  they  shot,  so  that  they 
could  not  annoy  anything  but  the  upper  part  of  the  house,  whereunto 
all  the  prejudice  they  did  was  the  breaking  of  the  glass  and  windows. 
Yet  they  of  the  castle  liked  their  neighbourhood  so  ill  that  they 
endeavoured  to  remove  them  from  thence  ;  and  to  that  purpose  (having 
first  practised  by  stratagem  to  set  fire  on  some  thatched  cabins,  which 
proved  ineffectual)  they  hired  one  in  the  night  to  fire  the  wind  side  of 
a  house  whereby  many  other  houses  were  burned  ;  and  then  they 
discharged  their  ordnance  at  a  shingled  stone  house  from  whence  the 
shot  came,  and  shot  it  clean  through,  which  put  the  enemy  to  such  a 
"plonder"  that  they  were  constrained  to  forsake  their  quarters  and  that 
end  of  the  town.  And  finding  it  not  safe  to  walk  in  the  streets  within 
reach  of  the  castle,  they  brake  down  the  walls,  and  made  a  passage 
from  one  house  to  another,  where  they  lay,  by  which  means  they  of  the 
castle  could  neither  see  nor  hurt  them. 

And  now  it  was  given  out  that  the  council  of  war  had  determined  to 
take  the  house  and  the  two  castles  which  the  English  held  against  them, 
and  designed  Monday  night  for  taking  the  house, (7)  Tuesday  night  for 
the  Short  Castle,  and  Wednesday  night  for  the  Great  Castle,  and  that 
there  were  two  sows  (8)  prepared  for  that  purpose  (which  was  true).  And, 
accordingly,  about  ten  o'clock,  they  began  to  attempt  the  house  (to 
defend  which  there  were  six  or  seven  musketeers,  and  some  thirty 
women  and  children,  and  much  goods  and  provisions),  and  the  assault 
was  to  be  made  by  O'Callaghan's  men,  commanded  by  Captain  Henesie, 
and  assisted  by  Callaghan  O'Callaghan  (who  not  long  since  came  from 
the  Inns  of  Court  in  studying  the  law),  a  pertinacious  young  fellow,  and 
a  brother  of  his  called  Cnogher,  sons  te>  to  "  ould  Cahir  O'Callaghan," 
who  began  to  make  their  breach  at  one  end  of  the  house,  near  a  chimney. 
But  while  that  was  in  doing,  and  the  defendants  plying  their  muskets, 
it  happened  that  the  enemy  killed  with  a  shot  in  the  head  an  honest, 
stout,  principal  man  amongst  them,  named  Michael  Hudson,  by  whose 
loss  the  rest  of  the  English  were  exceedingly  disanimated,  and  the 

(7)  The  stone  house,  garrisoned,  as  before,  mentioned. 

(8)  Sow,  a  movable  shed  or  mantelet,  capable  of  being  pushed  up  on  wheels  or 
rollers  to  a  wall,  which  the  assailants  could  pick  at  under  cover  of  the  shed,  whose 
roof  was  constructed  so  as  to  resist  fire  or  missiles  directed  against  it  by  the  besieged. 
The  engine  was  called  La  Chatte,  the  female  cat,  in  French.  Both  were  directly 
derived  from  the  musculus  or  mouse,  of  the  Romans.  Caesar  in  his  Bell.  Civ.,  lib.  ii., 
cap.  10,  gives  the  details  of  its  construction. 

(9)  See  ante,  note  14,  p.  534,  previous  vol.  of  this  Journal. 



sooner  inclined  to  terms  of  rendering,  which  was  often  offered  to  them  by 
the  assailants,  for  it  so  fell  out  that  all  those  which  were  now  in  the 
house  were  tenants  to  Cahir  O'Callaghan  on  some  lands  near  Moyalloe 
on  which  they  had  built  and  made  great  improvements.  And,  foreseeing 
that  the  times  would  be  turbulent  and  dangerous,  and  that  their  good 
landlord  would  enter  into  articles  of  rebellion,  they  brought  all  their 
domestics  and  put  them  into  that  house,  leaving  behind  them  all  their 
cattle  to  a  great  number  and  value,  which  were  instantly  swept  away  by 
the  said  Cahir's  direction,  whose  sons  had  thus  acquittance  with  and 
interest  in  the  poor  people,  whereof  they  made  use  to  persuade  and  cheat 
them  out  of  the  house,  with  promise  that  if  they  would  deliver  it  to 
them,  their  lives,  goods,  and  all  that  they  had  therein  (saving  their  arms) 
should  be  preserved  without  diminishing  or  violation.  By  means 
whereof  the  defendants  were  seduced  to  admit  them  into  the  house, 
By  treachery  wn^cn  being  done,  they  put  the  poor  people  all  into  one 
they  got  the  room,  possessed  themselves  of  all  their  goods  and  provisions, 
house.  ancj  sej.  over  tnem  a  company  of  ravenous,  barbarous  rogues 

who  took  from  them  all  the  most  valuable  goods  they  had,  scarce 
allowing  them  necessaries  out  of  their  own.  And  there  they  stayed 
some  two  days,  till  the  enemy  departed  the  town,  when  they  left  them, 
having  taken  away  the  best  of  their  goods. 

This  great  conquest  was  much  vaunted  of  by  the  enemy  (being  the 
primogeniture  of  all  their  glorious  victories),  and  advanced  their  spirits 
to  a  great  degree  of  animosity,  as  worthy  the  labours  and  consultations 
of  ten  thousand  brave  men  of  war  to  cozen  and  beg  five  or  six  poor 
people  out  of  their  house  and  goods.  But  if  you  wonder  at  this  you  will 
be  astounded  at  the  next  night's  attempt  on  the  Short  Castle  (whereunto 
Tuesday,  15th  an<^  f°r  tne  preparation  therefor  this  Tuesday,  15th 
February.  February,  was  employed),  beside  which  there  passed  no 
thing  worthy  of  note  except  bullets  between  the  castles  and  the  rebels, 
whom  I  must  needs  commend  (as  not  intending  to  defraud  the  "  divell 
of  his  due ")  for  their  inclination  to  the  sparing  of  blood,  and  am 
confident  they  had  rather  taken  one  castle  by  perjury  and  fraud  than 
four  by  assault.  And,  in  pursuance  of  this  charity,  they  belaboured 
Lieutenant  Williamson  (who  had  the  chief  government  in  the  Short 
Castle)  with  serious  treatise,  persuasions,  and  expostulations  of  sur- 
rendering upon  any  conditions  himself  would  propound.  Whereunto 
the  Lieutenant  answered  that  he  was  engaged  to  his  friends  in  the  Great 
Castle  never  to  consent  to  any  such  thing  without  their  approbation,  and 
that,  if  the  rebels  so  desired,  he  would  write  to  them,  and  send  a  servant 
of  his  own  thither  to  negotiate  that  particular,  which  was  easily  con- 
sented to,  on  condition  that  they  might  know  what  was  written  and 


spoken  to  his  man,  which  the  Lieutenant  did  entertain,  rather  to  pro- 
crastinate them  than  for  any  intention  he  had  to  deal  in  terms  of  com- 
position. And  he  thereon  writes  a  short  note  to  Arthur  Betesworth 
advertising  that  he  was  offered  fair  terms  to  surrender,  and  desired  to 
know  his  own  opinion,  which  note  he  sent  by  a  man  of  his  own,  who 
was  led  between  a  son  of  the  Lord  of  Ikerrin's  and  another  of  the  Baron 
of  Loghma's,  two  captains,  through  a  backway,  and  not  through  the  town 
(which  was  the  right  way),  that  he  might  not  behold,  or  rather  should 
believe  that  there  was  some  stranger  and  stratagemical  preparation  in 
hands,  much  like  serpents  and  bugbears  such  as  children  are  terrified 
with.  And  coming  with  a  drum  to  the  Great  Castle,  they  demanded 
conference  with  Arthur  Betesworth,  who  wished  them  to  give  strict 
charge  and  order  restraining  their  shot  during  the  conference,  protesting 
that  if  any  such  thing  were  done,  he  would  charge  his  men  to  shoot  the 
captains  themselves  from  the  wall,  who  undertook  to  have  given  full  order 
therein  already,  and  yet  sent  again  carefully  to  prohibit  all  shooting. 
Notwithstanding,  Arthur  had  no  sooner  put  himself  upon  the  wall  to 
Treachery  attend  the  conference,  but  a  shot  was  made  at  him  out  of 
again,  the  town,  but  missed  him  narrowly,  at  which  the  two 

captains,  crying  mercy,  began  to  shelter  themselves  from  the  wall,  and 
made  away,  against  whom  the  warders  discharged  some  five  or  six 
muskets,  and  hit  one  of  the  captains,  so  that  he  fell ;  but  at  the  last  they 
both  tumbled  away,  and  saved  themselves  by  means  of  a  burnt  chimney  ; 
but,  as  we  heard  afterwards,  one  of  the  gallants  had  cause  to  thank  his 
buff  coat  for  his  life,  which  proved  musket-proof.  Now  was  the  lieutenant's 
man  left  alone  under  the  walls,  by  means  whereof  he  took  occasion  to  go 
round  to  the  other  side  of  the  castle,  where  he  was  taken  in.  For  all 
this  they  were  so  intent  on  their  business  of  the  Short  Castle  that  they 
sent  one  for  an  answer  to  Mr.  Williamson,  which  answer  was  briefly  that 
the  Lieutenant  should  not  think  of  rendering  on  any  condition  so  long 
as  he  could  resist ;  however,  if  he  could  hold  out  for  thirty  hours  he  was 
confident  of  a  plentiful  and  assured  relief. 

The  same  day  they  of  the  Great  Castle  sent  out  a  footman  to  inquire 
of  the  welfare  of  their  friends  at  Doneraile,  withal  to  inform  them  how 
the  country  abroad  stood,  and  of  the  Lord  General's  inclination  or  re- 
moving from  the  Lord  Roche's,  where  he  had  continued  sickly  since 
Friday,  with  directions  to  the  footboy  that  if  he  should  fall  into  the 
enemy's  hands  he  should  affirm  that  he  came  from  Cork,  and  that  the 
Lord  President  was  coming  from  thence  with  all  his  force  for  relief  of 
Moyalloe.  This  plot  fell  out  right  by  chance,  for  the  footboy  had  not 
gone  a  mile  from  the  town  before  he  was  seized  on  by  the  vigilant 
scouts,  brought  to  the  camp,  and  examined  by  all  the  lords  and  council, 


and  forgot  not  his  lesson  of  the  Lord  President's  march  from  Cork. 
And  so  they  bound  him  fast,  and  kept  him  among  their  servants  in  the 

And  now,  the  evening  approaching,  and  seeing  they  could  do  no 
good  on  the  Lieutenant  by  persuasion,  they  began  to  prepare  themselves 
for  the  assault  on  the  Short  Castle,  which  was  to  be  performed  by  the 
Lord  Roche's,  McDonogh's,  O'Callaghan's,  and  Edmond  Fitzgerald's 
men  of  the  Clonlesse  (for  the  strangers  which  came  out  of  Tipperary 
with  the  General  were  now  so  alienated  from  the  county  of  Cork  men 
that  they  would  not  adventure  a  man  in  the  service).  To  this  purpose 
there  was  choice  made  of  a  select  number  of  musketeers  and  of  the  com- 
panies of  all  those  undertakers  ;  amongst  the  rest  thirteen  were  chosen 
out  of  the  Lord  Roche's  men,  the  main  part  whereof  did  belong  to 
Rayle,  a  freeholder  under  his  lordship ;  and  Sergeant-Major  Purcell 
(the  ablest  soldier  amongst  them),  was  designed  for  the  government  of 
that  action,  by  whose  advice  they  brought  their  brass  piece  of  artillery 
into  an  upper  loft  of  the  house  where  the  Deputy-General  lay,  and  where 
they  sat  in  council,  situate  scarce  a  musket  shot  from  the  castle,  against 
which  they  placed  it  by  pulling  down  some  of  the  shingles  of  the  house, 
rather  for  terror  than  for  service  sake  ;  and  about  seven  o'clock  in  the 
evening,  when  they  began  to  make  their  approaches,  the  officers  of  these 
that  were  to  assault  demanded  powder  for  their  men,  to  whom  answer 
was  made  by  those  who  came  with  the  General  that  they  had  no  powder 
to  spare  for  that  employment,  and  had  very  little  for  themselves,  where- 
upon the  Lord  Roche  brought  in  a  small  proportion  of  powder,  and 
distributed  it  amongst  the  assailants,  giving  each  not  over  three  shots  at 
most,  and,  being  thus  accommodated,  they  marched  to  the  castle  about 
eight  or  nine  o'clock,  and  then  only  gave  a  volley  of  shot  in  at  the 
windows  of  the  Short  Castle  without  hurt,  and  soon  returned  back  to 
supper  to  the  house,  immediately  after  which  they  began  to  fall  to  the 
work,  and  set  a  great  thatch  house  adjoining  the  castle  on  fire  with 
intent  to  annoy  the  defendants.  But  it  proved  directly  otherwise,  for  by 
the  light  of  that  fire  those  in  the  castle  saw  their  assailants  as  well  as  in 
day,  and  shot  at  them  with  advantage.  Who,  on  their  first  coming,  by 
their  pioneers  fell  upon  a  window  made  of  wood,  which  gave  light  unto 
the  kitchen,  during  whose  work  the  musketeers  played  on  them  in  the 
castle  towards  the  place  from  whence  they  saw  them  shoot,  but  without 
doing  them  any  offence  But  the  defendants  on  the  other  side  shot  out 
of  their  spike-holes  at  the  assailants,  who  had  no  shelter,  and,  therefore, 
were  sent  apace  to  hell.  However,  they  had  within  a  short  time  gotten 
down  the  window  and  some  of  the  wall  about  it,  and  made  a  reasonable 
large  breach,  for  the  defence  of  which  the  Lieutenant  and  some  three  or 


four  more  came  down,  and  left  the  rest  of  their  men  in  the  upper  rooms 
Williamson's  to  sno°t  on  the  enemy  on  the  outside,  who  pressed  rather 
defence.  constrainedly  than  resolutely  to  make  good  the  breach,  so 

that  it  grew  to  a  cruel  bloody  skirmish,  especially  on  the  rebel's  part, 
who,  with  shot  from  above  and  below  out  of  the  breach,  fell  very  fast, 
and  cried  out  lamentably  on  their  officers,  who  thrust  them  most 
barbarously  forward  to  inevitable  destruction. 

I  should  have  told  that,  so  soon  so  they  began  their  breach,  they  dis- 
charged their  piece  of  artillery  some  three  times,  which  made  several 
holes  where  the  bullets  hit  as  big  as  a  fist,  being  intended  rather  to  work 
terror  than  execution. 

Now,  as  the  breach  grew  bigger,  the  assailants  still  cried  out  for  more 
pikemen,  who  (unwillingly)  were  brought  out  of  the  house,  by  the  use  of 
which  and  the  rottenness  of  the  wall  about  the  window,  they  had  made 
the  breach  of  such  large  extent  that  a  cart  might  pass  through  it  But 
the  Lieutenant  on  one  side  of  the  wall,  and  one  more  on  the  other  side 
within,  made  such  use  of  their  swords  that  they  cut  off  the  heads  of  the 
pikes  as  fast  as  they  pushed  them  in  at  the  breach.  In  the  meanwhile 
one  Bennett,  a  blacksmith,  having  got  into  a  place  of  advantage  upon  a 
shelf  where  the  enemy's  shot  could  hardly  come  at  him,  but  he  most 
easily  at  them,  shot  so  fast  as  three  people  appointed  for  the  purpose 
could  charge  some  three  or  four  muskets,  wherewith  he  shot  the  enemy 
in  great  numbers.  And  this  heat  of  the  fight  they  continued  the  most 
part  of  Tuesday  night,  though  with  some  intermissions,  in  so  much  as 
the  defendants  affirm  they  spent  in  shooting  that  night  about  twenty 
pounds  of  powder,  and  did  usually  load  every  of  their  muskets  with 
twelve,  fourteen,  or  sixteen  small  bullets,  and  seldom  shot  but  among  a 
throng  of  them,  so  that  it  is  very  probable  there  were  made  that  night 
not  so  few  as  two  hundred  Romish  Catholic  martyrs  fit  for  Pluto's 
palace,  besides  very  many  hurt,  amongst  whom  Captain  Meagh  (who 
commanded  McDonogh's  men)  was  wounded  in  the  arm,  and  very 
luckily  had  his  thigh  bone  broken,  whereby  he  is  qualified  for 
martyrdom.  Likewise  'tis  conceived  the  enemy  shot  not  so  much  for 
want  of  powder  ;  with  what  they  had  they  killed  one  of  the  defendants, 
Jonathan  Smith,  a  very  handsome,(lo)  able  man,  who  was  shot  in  the 
mouth,  and  one  other  in  the  belly,  both  which  died  instantly,  and 
another  or  two  were  light  hurt  with  shot. 

About  midnight  the  rebels  desired  quarter  for  burying  their  dead, 
which  was  granted,  and  in  that  time  of  cessation  Sergeant-Major  Purcell, 
coming  into  the  house  (where  all  the  lords  sat  up  to  expect  the  event  of 

Handsome,  i.e.  "dexterous,  handy." 



the  night's  work),  was  heard  to  rail  extremely  at  the  base  cowardliness 
and  disanimosity  of  the  county  of  Cork  men,  with  which  he  protested  he 
would  never  adventure  his  life  again,  and  that  whosoever  did  should  lose 
his  reputation  forever  ;  with  many  such  terms  of  reproach  to  them  all  in 
general.  However,  having  refreshed  himself  and  refurnished  his  men 
with  a  small  quantity  of  powder  out  of  Lord  Roche's  small  store,  and 
the  dead  saints  being  buried  (like  dogs)  in  the  garden  adjoining,  he  pre- 
pares himself  again  for  the  assault,  and  his  men  with  him,  with  as  much 
cheerfulness  as  he  hath  who  is  going  to  the  gallows,  of  whom  they  in 
the  castle  made  sufficient  havoc  till  about  two  hours  before  day,  at 
which  time  the  assailants  gave  over,  not  any  one  of  them  ever  entering 
the  breach.  And  carrying  away  their  dead  men,  they  returned  back  to 
their  quarters  with  much  loss,  for  which  retreat  the  defendants  were  not 
sorry,  having  had  their  bellyfulls  also  ;  and  yet  husbanded  their  time  so 
well  that  they  employed  themselves  wholly  in  making  up  their  breaches 
Breach  w^  flitches  of  bacon,  tubs  of  beef,  bedding,  chests,  and 

repaired  with  lumber,  hourly  expecting  a  new  attempt.  Whereunto  the 
flitches,  etc.  enemy,  having  no  great  stomach,  yet  did  they  beyond 
measure  court  to  carry  the  castle  by  some  means  or  other,  rather  for 
their  honour  and  reputation  sake  than  for  any  great  esteem  otherwise 
they  made  of  it,  in  regard  this  was  their  masterpiece,  and  indeed  a  most 
beseeming  glorious  work  for  such  a  confluence  of  caterpillars  to  perform. 

But  on  the  other  hand  they  found  some  difficulty  in  the  acquisition 
of  it  by  strong  hand,  and  an  impossibility  of  bringing  in  any  more  of 
their  men  to  the  slaughter,  who  (for  all  the  "  Priest's  rhethorick "  to 
the  contrary)  did  chose  to  survive  in  a  condition  of  rebellious  rogues 
(especially  while  the  trade  of  pilling  and  pulling  the  English  was  in  such 
high  request),  rather  than  die  now  with  martyrdom.  And,  therefore, 
they  concluded  again  to  negotiate  the  surrender  thereof  on  terms  of 
quarter  and  composition,  whereunto  the  Lieutenant  and  associates  were 
now  prepared  to  lend  an  indulgent  ear,  and  were  invited  thereto,  partly 
through  the  loss  of  four  of  their  best  men,  two  killed  and  two  wounded  ; 
partly  by  the  scarcity  of  powder  which  they  had  left ;  partly  as  they  were 
extremely  wearied,  spent  with  watching,  and  other  duties,  four  or  five 
days  and  nights  together ;  partly  through  their  disinterest  in  the  place, 
having  nothing  to  do  therewith  but  their  present  being  and  a  little 
household  stuff ;  and,  partly  being  persuaded  they  could  not  long  hold 
out,  being  still  attempted  with  fresh  men  ;  and  that,  if  they  should 
expel  them  by  force,  they  would  not  leave  a  soul  alive  of  them.  Upon 
Short  Castle    these  considerations  they  did  enter  into  conference  with  the 

rendered  on  enemy  ;  and  in  conclusion  it  was  agreed  they  should  quit 

the  castle,  and  carry  away  their  clothes  and  linen,  and  part 


of  their  victuals,  and  be  conveyed  safely  to  the  Great  Castle  without  any 
hurt  or  offence  to  be  offered  to  them — the  Lieutenant  only  to  go  away 
with  his  sword,  and  have  a  mare  of  his  own  which  was  in  the  castle — 
and  to  leave  their  arms  and  the  rest  of  their  things  behind  them  in  the 
castle  to  the  enemy. 

And  thereupon  the  lords  and  captains  came  most  triumphantly  to 
receive  this  new  conquest ;  and,  disarming  all  the  men,  they  took  them 
and  all  the  women  and  children,  to  number  of  forty  persons,  and  put 
The  Lieut.-  them  all  into  a  room  by  themselves,  and  fell  on  searching 
General  him-  Gf  them  for  money,  the  Lieutenant-general  himself  being 
Williamson's  pleased  to  descend  so  low  as  to  search  Mr.  Williamson's 
pocket.  pocket,  from  whence  he  took  half-a-crown,  all  the  money  he 

had  ;  and  then  they  began  to  search  the  trunks  and  chests,  and  had  an 
inventory  taken  of  all  that  was  found  therein,  not  suffering  the  pro- 
prietors to  have  any  part  of  it.  Nay,  they  were  so  far  from  observing 
any  part  of  their  quarter  that  some  were  heard  to  say  that  there  was  no 
quarter  to  be  kept  with  such  English  dogs,  and  that  the  best  way  was  to 
put  them  into  a  house  and  set  it  on  fire  ;  others,  that  it  was  a  thousand 
pities  to  suffer  them  to  escape  alive  who  had  killed  so  many  of  their 
friends.  And  those  who  had  made  this  agreement  began  to  cast  on  them 
a  scornful  countenance,  and  to  slink  away  from  the  room,  whereby  the 
poor  people  were  perplexed,  preparing  themselves  for  execution,  to  con- 
firm which  conceit  there  came  up  into  the  room  (as  the  Lieutenant  him- 
self told  me)  a  fellow  with  a  block  under  his  arm  and  an  axe  in  his  hand, 
which  made  them  believe  they  were  designed  "  baptisterized." It  is 
probable  some  such  thing  was  intended,  for  one  of  the  captains  told  the 
Lieutenant  that  the  common  people  were  so  exasperated  against  them 
for  the  slaughter  they  had  made  of  their  men  that  it  would  be  a  hard 
matter  to  preserve  them.  As  they  were  in  the  room,  some  of  the  Irish 
asked  them  whither  they  would  go.  Some  said  to  the  Great  Castle,  to 
whom  answer  was  made  that  they  would  that  night  or  next  day  pull 
them  out  thence  by  the  ears  ;  others  of  the  English  wished  themselves 
in  England,  to  whom  it  was  replied  that  they  had  no  business  there,  in 
regard  there  was  as  great  combustion  there  as  here,  so  that  now  there 
was  no  place  of  retreat  left  them,  unless  they  would  go  to  purgatory, 
whither  the  uncharitable  Pope  would  admit  no  such  heretics. 

Among  such  passages  the  Lieutenant  pressed  himself  upon  some  of 
the  chief  officers  who  were  most  interested  in  composing  the  quarter,  and 
told  them  (whose  names  he  thinks  to  be  Sergeant-Major  Purcell  and 
Colonel  Wall,  both  of  the  General's  party,  who  had  been  bred  abroad  in 

(»)  So  in  the  MS. 



the  wars),  and  besought  them  to  consider  what  obloquy  it  would  bring 
to  their  nation  thus  to  violate  their  faiths,  which  very  Turks  and  heathens 
would  not  infringe,  and  that  all  the  world  would  say  shame  on  them  ; 
and  with  that  took  hold  of  one  of  them,  and  said  if  he  must  needs  die  it 
should  be  by  one  of  their  hands,  with  whom  he  had  entreated  (tz)  for  his 
preservation,  and  not  by  the  stroke  of  a  common  soldier.  His  vehemency 
wrought  such  an  impression  on  the  minds  of  the  commanders  that  they 
readily  undertook  their  safe  conduct  to  utmost  of  their  power  ;  and  with 
their  swords  drawn  wished  the  English  to  follow  them,  and  brought  them 
with  much  difficulty  through  the  streets  and  very  great  throng  of  people, 
who  cursed"  them,  and  would  fain  have  been  revenged  on  them,  but  were 
kept  off  by  the  commanders,  who  brought  them  within  shot  of  the  Great 
Castle,  where  they  were  joyfully  received,  who  began  to  prepare  the  best 
they  could  for  the  enemy,  whom  they  expected  that  Wednesday  night 
the  1 6th  February. 

The  rebels  But  behold,  about  three  o'clock  that  afternoon  they  did 

retreat.  observe  that  the  carriages  first,  in  greater  abundance,  and 

aftewards  the  rebels  themselves  in  a  far  greater,  began  to  march  out  of  the 
town ;  the  greatest  part  of  them  towards  Lord  Roche's  country,  and  the  rest 
towards  Buttevant.  At  sight  whereof  they  of  the  castle  sent  out  scouts 
on  horseback,  on  whose  return,  and  by  the  relation  of  a  prisoner  they 
took,  they  understood  the  enemy  were  gone  clean  away,  and  in  some 
haste,  fear,  and  distraction,  and  the  truth  was  there  not  a  man  left  in  the 
town  by  time  it  was  dark.  It  was  said  to  be  two  hours  in  the  night 
before  they  came  to  the  Lord  Roche's  house  at  Castletown,  and  that 
they  (I  conceive)  those  of  the  General's  party  entertained  themselves 
there  in  spite  of  his  teeth  ;  and  not  so  much  as  bade  him  farewell  the 
next  morning,  but  departed  with  wonderful  discontent,  and  took  Lord 
Roche's  prey  of  his  country  away  with  them. 

But  before  they  departed  from  Moyalloe,  they  first  set  the  town  on 
fire  in  five  or  six  places,  with  intention  to  totally  destroy  it,  though  it 
pleased  God  many  of  the  stout  houses  were  saved  through  the  extreme 
wetness  of  the  season.  Amongst  the  rest,  the  Short  Castle  was  set  on  fire, 
said  to  be  an  act  of  Lord  Roche's,  who  was  seen  to  direct  the  carrying 
in  of  a  burden  of  straw,  and  to  follow  it  himself  with  a  firebrand. 

The  Short  Castle  (which  was  a  place  of  very  good  receipt  and 
commorancy  (l3>  for  the  Lord  President  of  Munster)  was  consumed  to 

O2)  i.e.  treated.  The  preservation  of  the  English  prisoners  by  those  officers  from 
the  violence  of  the  common  soldiers  is  of  the  same  character  as  the  subsequent  action 
of  Lord  Muskerry,  who  hung  some  of  his  own  followers  for  robbery  contrary  to  express 

(13)  From  commoratio,  "  a  sojourning."    The  writer  airing  his  Latin  as  usual. 


the  very  ground,  and  all  the  English  goods  left  there  mostly  destroyed. 

Although,  this  caused  multitude  of  miscreants  begone  hence  (whatever, 

let  them  never  return  without  confusion !),  yet  will  it  not  be  impertinent 

to  take  cognizance  of  some  particulars  fit  for  the  reader's  information, 

— first,  as  to  the  speedy  running  away  of  the  enemy : — to  know  this  it 

will  be  fit  to  know  that  these  lords,  officers  and  captains  did  little  else 

at  Moyalloe  (as  you  have   heard),  than  spend  their  time  between 

Friday  and  Wednesday  in  consultations  about  ordering  the  war  for  that 

province  in  future.    And  therein  the  first  question  moved  was  who 

should   command  in  chief  as  general  (for   Lord   Mountgarret  was 

determined  to  desert  that  employment,  in  regard  of  his  remote  dwelling, 

and  that  he  foresaw  he  should  have  work  enough  to  secure  his  own 

■pv  i  .  country).    For  which  command  in  chief  the  Baron  of 

Debate  as  to  J  J 

the  chief  Loghma  (named  Purcell)  thought  himself  fittest,  as  he  was 
command.  ^he  first  in  the  province  that  went  out  and  declared 
himself  in  action,  by  whose  assistance  many  towns  of  strength  had  been 
taken,  and  the  business  put  forward.  And  to  him  it  seems  the  General's 
party  did  much  incline  ;  but  Lord  Roche  and  McDonogh  could  not 
endure  such  language,  and  took  it  in  great  scorn  that  so  mean  a  man 
should  have  such  ambitious  thoughts  as  to  command  them,  his  superiors 
in  all  things.  This  contestation  came  to  heat,  and  so  many  words  of 
offence  were  multiplied,  that  they  were  almost  at  daggers'  drawing,  and 
the  Baron  and  his  colleagues  told  them  they  would  leave  them  to 
themselves,  and  march  out  of  the  country  with  their  whole  army  ;  and 
charged  those  of  the  county  of  Cork  vehemently  for  circumventing  them 
by  drawing  them  into  the  country,  and  promising  that  their  men  should 
have  the  benefit  of  robbing  and  pilling  the  numerous  English  there- 
about— and  they  not  being  able  to  give  them  any  other  wages  but 
pilling  and  polling — though  the  day  before  the  army  came  into  the 
country  they  themselves  had  rifled  all  the  English,  of  purpose  to 
prevent  them  of  their  expected  booty,  and  for  those  injuries  they  would 
leave  them  to  their  fortune. 

But  this  proposition  of  forsaking  them  did  so  much  offend  those  of  the 
county  Cork,  that  McDonogh  said  that,  since  the  General's  party  had 
dealt  so  unworthily  with  him  as  to  draw  him  into  this  action  and  then 
depart,  he  had  no  other  means  to  save  himself  but  flying  into  Spain  ; 
and  Lord  Roche  told  them  he  would  rather  have  given  ;£  10,000  than 
be  thus  deceived  ;  however,  he  had  in  his  time  gone  through  great 
matters,  and  doubted  not  but  to  wade  through  this,  and  overcome  it. 
During  this  discussion  the  Short  Castle  was  surrendered,  from  which 
Baron  of  Loghma  and  the  rest  expected  their  equal  shares  of  pillage, 
which  Lord  Roche,  McDonogh  and  the  rest  thought  not  fit  to  admit,  as 



none  were  used  in  that  enterprise  but  their  men,  whereof  they  lost  a 
great  number  and  Lord  Roche's  powder;  and  from  this  difference  it  is 
thought  the  burning  of  the  castle  did  arise.  Howsoever,  the  General's 
party  gave  present  order  for  the  marching  away  of  their  men  and 
carriages  out  of  the  town,  which  was  done  not  without  much  confusion 
and  incredible  celerity,  occasioned  by  this  means  : — You  may  remember 
the  messenger  sent  from  the  Great  Castle  being  taken,  and  what  he 
told  the  enemy  as  pre-admonished  beforehand,  that  the  Lord  President 
was  coming  with  all  his  forces  to  the  relief  of  Moyalloe,  and  that  they 
of  the  Great  Castle,  writing  to  Lieut.  Williamson,  gave  him  assurance  if 
he  should  hold  out  thirty  hours  he  would  be  relieved.  And  this 
Wednesday  morning  a  man  of  Lord  Roche's  gave  him  intelligence  that 
he  had  seen  about  sunrise  the  Lord  President's  troop  of  horse  about 
three  miles  from  Moyalloe,  coming  from  Cork  ;  which  in  part  was  true 
for  Captain  Beredges,  who  commanded  that  troop,  was  by  chance  come 
that  way  with  twenty  horse,  on  chance  of  meeting  stragglers  from  the 
great  army.  All  these  things  bred  such  a  belief  in  the  enemy  that  the 
Lord  President  was  making  towards  them,  that  they  fled  away  in  great 
disorder  when  the  sun  was  not  an  hour  high,  although,  without  question, 
they  were  resolved  to  march  thence  a  day  or  two  after.  And  they  went 
Thursday,  s0  precipitately  that  the  next  day,  Thursday,  when  they  of 
17th  February,  the  castle  could  safely  issue  into  the  town,  it  appeared  to 
them  that  the  enemy  had  no  intention  of  departing  so  suddenly,  for 
they  found  in  every  house  great  store  of  muttons  ready  dressed,  to 
number  of  four  hundred,  and  very  many  quarters  of  beef  untouched  ; 
and  in  places  brewing  of  beer  setting  forward,  which  the  English 
finished  next  day  ;  and  many  hides  and  other  things  were  left  behind, 
which  they  would  not  have  done  but  for  the  haste  they  made. 

But  he  that  would  view  without  reluctance  the  beastliness,  spoil,  and 
barbarism  remaining  to  their  everlasting  shame,  had,  I  dare  say,  a 
heart  as  impenetrable  as  their  intentions  were  mischievous.  The  lower 
rooms  of  most  of  the  houses  were  converted  into  stables,  the  upper  to 
lodgings,  where  not  only  the  flesh,  but  the  garbage,  guts,  and  maws  of 
the  sheep  and  cows  lay  stinking  noisomely  in  the  very  chambers  where 
some  of  the  chief  lords  and  gentlemen  lodged,  which  for  mere  laziness 
their  servants  would  not  cast  out  of  doors.  Their  bedding  and  meat  so 
sordid  and  nasty  that  a  right-bred  English  dog  would  have  scouted 
either ;  all  things  presented  to  the  smell  a  most  excrementitious 
perfume.  Of  the  stools,  bedsteads,  chairs,  cupboards,  doors  and  posts, 
they  made  heretics,  and  burned  as  the  relics  of  Protestant  superstition. 
Of  lead  and  iron  they  were  so  covetous,  that  they  brake  most  of  the 
glass  windows  for  the  one,  and  tore  in  pieces  doors  for  twists  and 


hinges  ;  and  cellar  windows,  harrows,  wheels,  ploughs,  and  all  things 
wherein  was  a  piece  of  iron,  even  as  big  as  a  thumb,  for  the  other. 
Every  garden  and  backside  was  furnished  with  lambs  and  calves  taken 
out  of  their  dams'  bellies,  and  shoulders  of  beef,  muttons'  bellies,  which 
stank  everywhere  profoundly,  so  that  the  poor  people  of  the  town 
abhorred  their  former  dwellings. 

The  townsmen  found  that  morning  two  great  sows/I4)  one  fully,  the 
other  almost  finished,  made  musket  proof,  with  four  wheels,  and  so  large 
that  30  men  might  easily  move  in  them,  whereof  they  made  matter  for 
the  fire  to  work  on.  Also  the  enemy  had  barricaded  every  entrance 
into  the  town  with  cupboards,  forms,  tables,  frames  and  such  like  lumber, 
to  hinder  the  horse  coming  on  them  which  they  expected  from  Cork. 
And  within  a  mile  of  the  town  on  the  way  they  went,  there  were 
afterwards  found  in  ditches  and  furze,  barrels  of  biscuit,  a  bag  of  bullets 
for  ordnance,  a  mortar,  and  such  things  cast  away  that  they  might  fly 
the  faster ;  nay,  they  made  such  haste  that  they  left  behind  them  the 
carriage  of  their  piece  of  artillery.  You  will  wonder  when  I  tell  you 
that  the  enemy,  in  one  week  which  they  spent  in  Buttevant  and 
Moyalloe,  viz.,  from  Wednesday  to  Wednesday,  did  consume  at  least 
40,000  English  sheep,  and  probably  three  or  four  thousand  English 
cows  and  oxen.  I  received  from  a  credible  relation  that  they  most 
wickedly  killed  abundance  of  this  number  of  sheep  merely  for  their 
skins,  which  they  sold  for  one  penny  farthing  each  to  skinners  of 
Kilmallock,  who  followed  the  camp  for  that  purpose,  and  threw  away 
the  flesh.  Few  of  these  sheep  had  less  than  ten  pounds  of  wool  on 
them,  being  of  so  large  a  kind  as  in  the  best  places  in  England. 

(x4)  This  preparation  of  sows  for  the  attack  of  a  castle  defended  by  cannon  and 
hand-guns  is  a  remarkable  survival  of  the  ancient  mode  of  attack,  but  it  must  be 
remembered  that  the  cannon  of  the  besieged  was  mounted  on  a  platform  on  the  top  of 
the  Great  Castle,  and  could  not  bear  on  the  sow  close  under  the  walls.  A  sow  was 
actually  used  about  this  time  at  the  siege  of  Ballyally  Castle,  in  county  Clare  (see 
Narratives  Illustrative  of  the  Contests  in  Ireland  i7i  1641  and  1690;  edited  for  the 
Camden  Society  by  Thomas  Crofton  Croker,  in  1841). 

(To  be  continued?) 


JSfotes  on  the  Council  J3ooK  0/  ClonaKilty, 

Now  in  the  possession  of  the  Rev.  J.  Hume  Townscnd,  I).  D. 
Collected  by  DOROTHEA  TOWNSHENI). 

Burrough  of  ^  a  court  ^or  sa^  Dorough  on  Wednesday,  the  19th  of 
Clou  hnakilt  Ju^'  Michael  Beecher  was  sworn  burgess  of  the  said  corpo- 

'  ration  before  the  Right  Honble.  Piers  Id.  viscount  Ikerrin,  suffrain, 
and  the  undernamed  burgesses. 

Ikerrin,  Robt.  Gillman, 

Ralph  Freke,  Willm.  Hull. 

Arnold  Gookin, 

At  a  court  holden  on  Tuesday,  the  25th  of  July,  17 10,  Mr.  John 
urroug  l  oj  j_[onner  ^r  R0Dert  Travers,  and  Mr.  Arnold  Gookin  were  chosen 
Cloiighnakilty.  '  '  rx  tt 

and  elected  to  be  presented  into  the  Rt-  Hon^e.  Henry  Boyle,  that 

one  of  them  may  be  nominated  and  appointed  to  be  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year, 
according  to  her  Majesty's  gracious  grant  in  that  behalf. 

Ikerrin,  Suff»-  Ran.  Warner, 

Ralph  Freke,  Robt.  Gillman. 

Robert  Travers, 

At  a  court  holden  on  St.  Luke's  day,  being  the  18th  8t>er,  1710, 
ur  oug  oj  -jYlr.  John  Homier,  one  of  the  free  burgesses  of  the  said  burrough,  pur- 
suant  to  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the  Rt.  Honble.  Henry 
Boyle,  lord  of  the  said  town,  and  according  to  the  charter  of  the  said  burrough,  was 
sworn  suffrain  of  the  said  burrough  for  the  year  ensuing,  and  had  the  ensigns  of 
authority  delivered  to  him  before  the  late  suffrain  and  burgesses  undernamed. 

Ikerrin,  Rob.  Travers, 

Jonas  Stawell,  John  Bourne, 

Richd.  Cox,  Arnold  Gookin, 

Ran.  Warner,  Robt.  Gillman. 

On  the  25th  of  January,  1710,  Arthur  Bernard,  esqre»  was  sworn 
Burrough  of  freeman  an(j  burgess  of  the  said  burrough  before  the  suffrain  and 
undernamed  burgesses. 

John  Honner,  Suffm.,  Arnold  Gookin, 

Robert  Travers,  Robt.  Gillman, 

Willm.  Hull,  Jonas  Stawell. 

At  the  same  court  Mr.  George  Roan,  Mr.  Thos.  Story,  Mr.  Stephen  Jermyn,  Mr. 
John  Adams,  and  Mr.  Thomas  Bennett,  were  sworn  freemen  of  the  said  corporation 
before  the  suffrain  and  undernamed.  John  Honnor,  Suffrn- 

Arthur  Bernard,  of  Palace  Anne,  son  of  Francis  Bernard,  of  Castle- 
mahon,  born   1666,  M.I3,  for  Bandon  1713-14.     {See  "Cork  M.P.'s.," 

Journal  Cork  Hist.  Soc,  2nd  ser.,  i.,  75.) 


On  the  6th  of  March,  1710,  Capt.  George  Wandesford,  Mr.  James 
Burrough  of  Kingstori(  Mr.  j0hn  Kingston,   Mr.  Samuel  Kingston,  Mr.  Samuel 
*  Fitzjames  Kingston,  Mr.  Jeremy  Sullivan,  and  Mr.  Edward  Goodchild, 

were  sworn  freemen  of  the  said  corporation  before  the  suffrn.  and  undernamed  bur- 

John  Honner,  Suffrn.,  Robert  Gillman, 

Robt.  Travers,  Emanuel  Moore. 

Captain  George  Wandesford,  second  son  of  Sir  Christopher  Wandes- 
ford, Viscount  Castlecomer  and  Earl  Wandesford,  by  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  George  Montague,  of  Horton,  Northants.  He  married  Susanna, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  John  Griffith,  archdeacon  of  Killaloe,  by  whom  he 
had  John,  his  heir,  and  two  daughters.  George  Wandesford  succeeded 
his  nephew  as  fourth  viscount  in  1736. 

Memor — The  suffrain,  recorder,  and  burgesses  have  sett  and  lett 

„7  ,  *  .1±  unto  Phillip  Pine  the  fairs  and  markets,  tolls  and  customs,  with  the 
Cloughnakilty.   „  5  „  ,  , 

alienage,  for  one  year  for  the  rent  of  £25  5s.  steri-,  to  be  paid  as 

followeth,  provided  the  said  Pine  gives  security,  viz.,  £9  8s.  4d.  ster1-  on  the  first  day 

of  ober.,  £g  8s.  4d.  the  25th  of  March,  and  £9  8s.  4d.  sterl.  the  29th  of  Sept.  following. 

Whereof  the  said  suffrain  reed.  £0  5s.  od.  in  hand.    Sign'd  by  order, 

Saml.  Birde,  Dept-  Record. 

,  Generalis  sessio  pacis  tenta  &  Burgibus  pre'nt  et  Libertatibus 

r/    h    b'Jf~  ejus^em  coram  Joh'nes  Honner,  ar.  et  burg.  pr.  et  justiciarus  ad  paizes, 
13  die  Junii,  171 1. 

Norn,  grand  jur. — Henry  Hayes,  senr-,  Henry  Hayes,  junr-i  John  Teage,  James 
Spiller,  John  Bennett,  senr-,  John  Bennett,  junr.,  Nicholas  Bennet,  Ferdinando  Spiller, 
Daniel  Carthy,  Samuel  Gilbertson,  Francis  Spiller,  Phillip  Pyne,  Thos.  Bennett, 
Stephen  Holmes,  Dens.  Masterman. 

We  find  and  present  that  the  watercourse  coming  from  Skirtagh,  running  through 
the  street  of  this  burrough  is  a  nusence,  and  ought  to  be  kept  in  the  old  watercourse  ; 
and  any  pson.  that  should  be  found  guilty  of  turning  the  said  stream  shall  for  the  first 
offence  forfeit  the  sum  of  two  shillings  and  sixpence  ster'-.  and  for  every  offence  after 
shall  forfeit  the  sum  of  three  shillings  sterl-,  the  said  sum  to  be  levyed  by  way  of  dis- 
tress, if  need  be,  by  the  suffrain's  warrant  in  being,  to  the  constables  of  the  said 
burrough  to  collect  the  same. 

We  confirm  all  former  presentments.  We  appoint  Capt".  Richard  Hungerford 
and  Mr.  Robert  Gillman  to  be  way-wardens  for  the  same  burrough. 

Saml-  Birde,  Dept.  Rec. 

At  a  court  holden  on  Wednesday,  the  25th  day  of  July,  171 1,  Sir 
Cloughnakilty  ^manuel  Moore,  baronet,  Robert  Travers,  and  Arnold  Gookin,  were 
chosen"  and  elected  to  be  presented  unto  the  Rt.  Hon^le  Henry  Boyle, 
that  one  of  them  may  be  nominated  and  appointed  to  be  suffrain  for  the  next  ensuing 
year,  according  to  her  Majesty's  most  gracious  grant  in  that  behalf. 

John  Honner,  Suffn-  Arth.  Bernard, 

Robert  Travers,  Ralph  Freke, 

Emanuel  Moore,  Ran.  Warner, 

Michael  Becher,  Robt.  Gillman. 


Whereas  wee,  the  suffrain,  deputy  recorder,  and  free  burgesses  of  the  bur.  de 
Cloughnakilty,  met  at  a  court  in  the  said  borough  on  the  feast  of  Saint  Luke  last  past 
to  swear  a  new  suffrain,  in  obedience  to  an  express'd  clause  in  the  charter  of  the  said 
burrough  ;  and  whereas  it  then  appeared  to  us  by  the  positive  assertion  of  Mr. William 
Snowe,  agent  for  the  lord  of  the  burrough,  that  the  said  lord  had  made  his  election  of 
one  of  the  three  free  burgesses  elected  and  presented  unto  him  for  his  nomination  to 
serve  as  suffrain  for  the  present  year ;  and  whereas  the  sd.  Ld.  was  in  England,  and 
there  was  then  five  packetts  due  by  reason  of  the  contrary  winds,  so  that  we  cou'd 
receive  no  nomination ;  and  the  sd.  agent  having  brought  into  court  Richd-  French,  esqre» 
councellor-at-law,  who,  in  defence  of  the  lord  of  the  burrough,  by  his  council  pleaded 
the  reasonableness  of  our  defending  to  swear  a  new  suffrain,  in  consideration  whereof 
and  of  our  great  regard  to  the  Ld.  of  the  burrough,  we  did  accordingly  adjourn  our  court 
to  this  day  ;  and  the  lord's  agent  presenting  to  us  the  Ld.  of  the  burrough's  lettr. 
appointing  Robert  Travers;  esqre>  to  be  suffrain,  wee  have  accordingly  thought  fitt  to 
swear  him,  the  sd.  Robert  Travers,  suffrain  of  this  borough  for  the  present  year. 
Dated  the  25th  of  8ber.,  171 T. 

.  At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  25th  of  8ber.,  171  it 

CloughtfaHtty  ^°^ert  Travers,  esq.,  one  of  the  free  burgesses  of  the  sd.  corporation, 
pursuant  to  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the  Rt.  Honble.  Henry 
Boyle,  Ld.  of  the  sd.  burro,  was  sworn  suffrain  of  the  sd.  burrogh,  and  had  the  ensign 
of  authority  delivered  to  him  by  the  late  suffrain  and  undernam'd  burgesses. 

John  Honner,  William  Hull, 

Emanuel  Moore,  Arnold  Gookin. 

The  suffrain,  recorder,  and  burgesses  have  sett  unto  Jonas  Stawell, 
urroug   of  eS(^Y>  ^Q  fajrs  an(j  markets,  tolls  and  customs,  with  alienage,  except 
'  only  the  custom  of  fresh  fish  on  the  week  days,  for  the  rent  of 
£29  5s.  sterl.,  to  be  paid  as  followeth,  viz.,  £9  15s.  on  the  2nd  day  of  ober  next, 
£9  15s.  on  the  26th  of  March,  and  £9  15s.  on  the  29th  day  of  September.    Dated  this 

27th  Of  8ber.,  1  j  11. 

Signed  by  order,  Saml-  Birde,  Dept.  Recorder, 
Memo1- — The  above  Jonas  Stawell  has  passed  bonds  for  the  above  sums. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  sd.  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  ninth  of 
Burrough  of  januaryj  \jut  Mr.  Edward  Alleyn  and  Mr.  John  Evans  were  sworn 
freemen  of  this  corporation  before  the  undernamed  burgesses. 
Robert  Travers,  Suffn.  William  Hull. 

John  Honner. 

.  .         At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Friday,  the  25th  day  of 

JBzifyott&Ji  of 

Clou  hnakilty  Ju^»  J7I2»  William  Hull,  John  Bourne,  esqre>  and  Arthur  Bernard, 
esqr>  were  elected  and  chosen  to  be  p'sented  unto  the  Rt.  Honble. 
Henry  Boyle,  to  the  end  that  one  of  them  may  be  nominated  and  appointed  to  be 
suffrain  for  the  next  ensuing  year,  according  to  her  Majesty's  most  gracious  grant  in 
that  behalfe. 

Robert-  Travers,  Suffm-.  Richard  Sweet, 

Richard  Cox,  Randel  Warner, 

Robert  Gillman,  Joseph  Jervois. 

Arnold  Gookin. 


Att  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  first  of  8ber-» 
Clotighnakilty  1712>        William  Mayne  was  sworn  freeman  of  the  sd.  corpn.  before 
the  suffrain  and  undernamed  burgesses. 

Robert  Travers,  Suff™.,  William  Hull. 

Att  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  St.  Luke's  day,  being  the 
Clou^hiiakilty  1 8th  of  8ker.,  1712,  Arthur  Bernard,  esq.,  one  of  the  free  burgesses  of  the 
said  corporation,  pursuant  to  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the 
Rt.  Honble.  Henry  Boyle,  lord  of  this  burrough,  was  sworn  suffrain  of  the  said 
burrough,  and  had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him  by  the  late  suffrain  and 
undernamed  burgesses. 

Robert  Travers,  Suffrn.  John  Bourne, 

Robt.  Travers,  John  Honner, 

Joseph  Jervois,  Arnold  Gookin, 

Richd.  Cox,  Robert  Gillman. 

At  the  same  court  John  Mead  and  Nicholas  Bennett  were  sworn  serjts.  of  the  sd. 

At  the  same  court  Morris  Crosby  and  Abraham  French  were  sworn  freemen  of  the 
said  corporation  before  the  suffrain  and  undernamed  burgesses. 

Arth.  Bernard,  Suffrn.  Richard  Cox. 

William  Hull. 

Abraham  French,  probably  son  of  Alderman  James  French,  of  Cork. 
Abraham  was  admitted  freeman  of  Cork  on  his  father's  death,  171 1. 

Att  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  the  5th  of  March,  17 12, 
Clou^hliakilty  Capt-  Harry  Freke  was  sworn  burgess  of  the  said  corpn.  before  the 
suffrain  and  undernamed  burgesses.    At  the  same  court  Mr.  Nathaniel 
Danger  was  sworn  freeman  of  the  said  corporation. 

Arthk-  Bernard,  Suffrn->  Arnold  Gookin. 

Recognisance  of  the  peace,  taken  before  Arthur  Bernard,  esqr>  suffrain,  this  26th 
day  of  May,  1713,  Dermod  Donovan,  bound  over  to  the  next  sessions  to  be  held  for 
the  corporation,  obliges  himself  in  the  sum  of  twenty  pounds  sterl.  for  his  appearance. 

Alexander  Arundel  acknowledges  himself  to  be  indebted  to  the  Queen  in  the  sum 
of  ten  pounds  sterl.  that  the  said  Donovan  shall  appear  at  the  next  session,  and  that 
the  said  Donovan  shall  not  depart  the  court  without  lycence. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  27th  day 
Cloughnakilt  °^  ^a^'  I7I3'  ^e  undernamed  psons.  were  sworn  freemen  of  the 
'  corporation  before  Arthur  Bernard,  suffrain,  and  the  undernamed 
burgesses.  Thomas  Ware,  John  Woods,  Charles  Viniole,  William  White,  William 
Daunt,  John  Gush,  George  Clerke,  Thos.  Smith,  John  Gibson,  Daniel  Keeffe,  Michael 
Hornbrook,  Alexander  Arandall,  Florence  Donovan,  Willm.  Spiller,  Robert  Morley, 
John  Howard,  William  House,  Robt.  Cusick,  Willm.  Stone,  Daniel  Heginton,  Joseph 
Bennett,  George  Muney,  Thos.  Legbetter,  John  Martin. 

Arthur  Bernard,  Suff.,  John  Honner, 

Will.  Hull,  Robert  Gillman. 




At  a  court  held  for  the  scl  burrough  on  Saturday,  the  25th  of  July, 
f7  ^1 kiltv  JosePn  Jervois,  esq*".  Arnold  Gookin,  and  William  Hull  were 

chosen  and  elected  to  be  presented  unto  the  Rt.  Honoljle  Henry 
Boyle,  to  the  end  that  he  may  nominate  and  appoint  one  of  them  to  be  suffrain  for  the 
next  ensuing  year,  according  to  her  Majesty's  gracious  grant  in  that  behalf. 

Arthur  Bernard,  Stiff.,  Robt.  Travers, 

John  Honner,  George  Freke, 

John  Bourne,  Ran.  Warner, 

Richard  Sweet,  Ha.  Freke. 

At  the  same  court  Mr.  William  Lukey  and  Mr.  John  Sweet  were  sworn  freemen  ot 
the  corporation,  as  allso  Mr.  Francis  Beamish  and  Leutenant  John  Clerke  were  sworn 
freemen  before  Arthur  Bernard,  esqr>  suffrain. 

Samuel  Birde,  Depty.  Record. 

On  Saturday,  the  17th  of  8ber,  171$,  Mr.  William  Snow,  Mr.  John 
ClZ^iliakilty  Leech>  Mr-  Anthony  Harris,  Mr.  Arthur  Keef,  Mr.  Francis  Smith,  were 
'  sworn  freemen  of  this  corporation  before  the  deputy  suffrain  and 
deputy  recorder.  Robert  Gillman,  Deputy  Suffrn., 

Saml.  Birde,  Deputy  Recorder. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  sd  burrough  on  Saint  Luke's  Day,  being  the 
Clou^hnakitt    *9th  of  ^ber'  I71^'  JosePh  Jervois,  esqr,  one  of  the  free  burgesses  of 
'  the  corporation,  pursuant  to  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the 
Rt.  HonUe.  Henry  Boyle,  Id.  of  sd.  burrough,  was  sworn  suffrn.  of  the  sd.  burrough, 
and  has  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  unto  him  by  the  late  suffrain  and  under- 
named burgesses, 

Arthur  Bernard,  John  Bourne, 

Robert  Travers,  Robert  Gillman. 

Arnold  Gookin. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  the  19th  day  of  8ber,  1713, 
_urroug   oj  Richd.  Will  and  Mr.  Joseph  Jervois,  jum-.  were  sworn  freemen 

'  before  the  undernamed  suffrain  and  burgesses. 

Joseph  Jervois,  Suffrn.,  Michael  Beecher. 

At  the  same  court  Mr.  William  Hanglisr,  Mr.  Fardinando  Spiller,  and  Mr.  Saml. 
Gillberson  were  sworn  constables,  and  Mr.  John  and  Nicholas  Bennett  were  sworn 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burro,  on  Wednesday,  24th  8ber,  1713^  Townesend  Varion 
was  sworn  freeman  before  me. 

Joseph  Jervois,  Suff,  Robt.  Gillman. 

The  suffrain,  the  undernamed  burgesses,  and  deputy  recorder  have 
urro™& \%  set  unto  Samuel  Gillbertson  the  fairs  and  markets,  tolls  and  customs, 
*  '  for  the  rent  of  ^30  5s.  sterl.  for  one  year,  to  be  paid  in  three  gales — 

viz.,  the  1st  day  of  ober,  1713;  the  26th  March,  1714;  and  the  30th  of  7^,  1714. 
Dated  the  21st  day  of  8ber,  1713.    Signed  by  order, 

Saml.  Birde,  Dept.  Record- 



This  day  being  the  24th  gber,  17 14,  the  former  election  being  by 
Burroug  of  ^  Durgesses  0f  the  burrough  laid  aside,  they  came  by  the  direction 
'  and  opinion  of  the  recorder,  Francis  Bernard,  esq1-,  hereunto  annexed, 
to  a  new  election,  and  chose  Joseph  Jervois,  esqr>  present  suffrain.  Robert  Gillman 
and  Arnold  Gookin  were  chosen  and  elected  to  be  presented  unto  the  Rt.  Hon.  Henry 
Boyle,  to  the  end  that  one  of  them  may  be  nominated  and  appointed  to  be  suffrain  for 
the  next  ensuing  year ;  and,  pursuant  to  the  appointment  of  the  said  Henry  Boyle, 
Joseph  Jervois,  esq1-)  was  sworn  suffrain  of  the  sd.  burrough,  and  had  the  ensigns  of 
authority  delivered  unto  him. 

Arthur  Bernard,  Robt.  Gillman, 

Geor.  Freke,  George  Wandesford. 

Richard  Sweet. 

,    „       Pursuant  to  a  precept  directed  to  the  suffrain,  burgesses,  and 

BllWOU  °7s  of 

Clou  hnakilt  commona^y  °f  ^is  burrough,  returnable  on  Friday,  the  20th  day  of 
'  9^er  next,  grounded  on  her  Majesty's  writt  of  summons,  to  choose  two 
burgesses  of  the  most  discrete  and  sufficient  men  of  the  said  town  to  be  and  appr.  at 
the  next  parliament  to  be  held  at  Dublin  on  the  20th  day  of  9ber  next,  wee,  the 
said  suffrain  and  burgesses  and  comonalty  elected  and  chosen  Sr  Ralph  Freke  and 
Brigadier  George  Freke  to  serve  in  the  said  parliament,  this  28th  of  8ber,  1713. 

Joseph  Jervois,  Suffrn-.  Arthur  Bernard, 

Robert  Travers,  Robt.  Gillman, 

Jonas  Travers,  Arnold  Gookin, 

Michl.  Beecher,  Randle.  Warner, 

Robt.  Travers,  John  Bourne. 

John  Honnor, 

At  a  court  holden  for  sd.  burrough  on  Tuesday,  the  19th  day  of 
Cloughnakilty  Janu'  I7I3»  Mr-  RoDert  Salmon  was  admitted  an  attr-  for  the  sd. 
'  burrough.    Signed  by  order, 

Saml.  Birde,  Dept.  Record*- 

At  a  court  holden  for  sd.  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  3rd  of 
Clou  hnakilt    ^arch,  I7I3»  Capt.  John  Birde  was  sworn  freeman  of  the  said  corpor 
'  before  me.  Joseph  Jervois,  Suffn- 

At  the  same  court  John  Arandell  and  Danl  Donovan  were  sworn  freemen  of  this 
corporation  before  Joseph  Jervois,  esqr>  suffn-    Signed  by  order, 

Saml.  Birde,  Dept.  Rec^r. 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  21st  of  April, 
Cloughnakilty.  17 H'   HumPhry  Harrington   was    sworn   freeman   before  Joseph 
'  Jervois,  esqr-  suffrn-    Signed  by  order, 

Saml-  Birde,  Dept.  Rec. 

At  the  same  court  Josiah  Bateman  was  sworn  freeman  before  the  sd.  suffrain. 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  Saturday,  the  7th  of  August, 
Cloughnakilt    l/ Mr*  Percy  Donovan>  Barthw  Donovan,  and  Mr.  Morgan  Donovan 
'  were  sworn  freemen  of  sd.  corpor.  before  the  suffrain. 

Joseph  Jervois,  Suffrn. 



At  a  court  held  for  the  sd.  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  8th  of 
£i      ,  S/-7//  Sept.,  1 7 14,  Capt.  George  Wandisford  was  sworn  free  burgess  of  the 
'  sd.  corpor.  before  the  suffrain  and  undernamed  burgesses. 

Joseph  Jervois,  Suffm,  Geor.  Freke, 


George,  second  son  of  Sir  Christopher  Wandesford,  Viscount  Castle- 
comer  and  Earl  Wandesford,  by  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  George  Montague, 
of  Horton,  Northants.  George  Wandesford  succeeded  his  nephew  as 
fourth  viscount  in  1736.  He  married  Susanna,  daughter  of  the  Ven. 
John  Griffith,  archdeacon  of  Killaloe,  and  had  a  son,  John,  fifth  viscount 
and  two  daughters.    The  title  is  now  extinct. 

At  a  court  of  record  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  St.  Luke's  day,  being 
urroug of    ^     g  ^   ^  October,  1714,  Toseph  Jervois.  esq1",  was  continued  suffrain 
Cloughnakilty.  r  .  ,  ,    n  , 

for  the  ensuing  year  by  the  undernamed  burgesses,  and  had  the  ensigns 

of  authority  delivered  to  him. 

John  Bourne,  Ha.  Freke, 

Arnold  Gookin,  Geo.  Wandisford, 

Robt.  Gillman,  Geor.  Freke. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  sd.  burrough,  the  27th  8ber,  1714,  Benjamin  Herd  was  sworn 
freeman  of  the  sd.  corporation  before  me.  Joseph  Jervois. 

Burrough  of  At  a  court  held  on  Monday,  the  first  of  o>er,  1714,  Mr.  Jonathan 
Cloughnakilty.  Tanner  was  sworn  freeman  of  the  said  corporation. 

Joseph  Jervois,  Surf™. 

Burrough  of  Generalis  sessio,  gracis  Tenta,  and  burgibus  P.  edict  &  libertatiby 
Clotighnakilty.  ejusdem  on  Wednesday,  die  9  brii,  17 14,  coram. 

Josephus  Jervois,  esqr.  Suffrain. 

Non.  Jur.  Inquister. — Edward  Warner,  Willm-  Daunt,  John  Woods,  Francis  Smith, 
Robert  Manley,John  Clarke,  Edward  Spiller,  John  Bennett,  jun^  John  Arandell,  Daniel 
Carty,  Thos  Baily,  Henry  Hayes. 

(  To  be  continued.) 



Cork  jVLfs,  1559-1800. 

Being  a  Biographical  Dictionary  of  the  Members  of  Parliament  for  the 
City,  the  County,  and  the  Boroughs  of  the  County  of  Cork,  from  the 
earliest  returns  to  the  union. 

By  C  M.  TENISON,  B.L.,  M.R.I.A. 

Morres,  Lodge  Evans  (afterwards  Lord  Frankfort). 

M.P.  Bandon,  1775-83;  1783-90;  1790-96. 

Son  of  Redmond  Morres,  barrister-at-law,  by  Elizabeth,  only  daughter  and  heir  of 
Francis  Lodge,  of  Dublin,  and  nephew  of  first  Viscount  Mountmorres. 

He  was  born  26th  January,  1747;  barrister-at-law,  1769;  ll.d.  (hon.  cau.)  t.c.d., 
1770;  receiver-general  of  the  Post  Office;  high  sheriff,  county  Kilkenny;  principal 
secretary  to  the  Lord  Lieutenant,  and  privy  councillor,  1795  ;  master  of  Permit  Office 
and  Lord  of  the  Treasury,  1797.  In  1783  he  was  elected  for  Newtown,  county  Down, 
as  well  as  for  Bandon,  but  sat  for  the  latter;  was  M.P.  also  for  Inistiogue,  1768-76; 
Ennis,  1796-97;  Dingle,  1798-1800;  created  (as  a  reward  for  his  vote  for  the  Union) 
Baron  Frankfort  30th  July,  1800,  and  Viscount  Franhfoi't  de  Montrnore?icy  22nd. 
January,  1816.  He  assumed  in  181 5  the  name  of  De  Montmorency,  in  lieu  of  Morres, 
alleging  a  descent — which  is  unproven,  and  seems  to  be  purely  imaginary — from  the 
great  French  house  of  that  name. 

He  married,  first,  in  January,  1771,  Mary,  daughter  of  Joseph  Fade,  the  Quaker 
banker,  of  Dublin  (see  my  "  Old  Dublin  Bankers,"  vol.  iii.,-  page  102,  of  the  Journal)% 
but  she  d.s.p.  7th  February,  1787  ;  he  married  secondly,  6th  August,  1804,  Catherine, 
daughter  of  Mr.  George  White,  of  Castle  Bellingham  (she  died  185 1),  and  had  issue. 
Ancestor  of  the  present  Viscount  Frankfort.    He  died  22nd  September,  1822. 

Morris,  Abraham,  of  Hanover  Hill. 

M.P.  Cork  County,  1791-97. 

Eldest  son  of  Jonas  Morris,  of  Barleyhill,  j.p.,  by  Mary  Townsend. 

He  was  high  sheriff  of  county  Cork,  1760  and  1782;  j.p.;  was  a  partner  in  the 
bank  of  Morris,  Leycester  and  McCall  (see  Journal,  p.  9,  vol.  ii.). 

He  married,  16th  July,  1779,  Thomasine,  daughter  of  William  Connor,  m.p.  (q.v.), 
and  died  1822,  leaving  issue.    Ancestor  of  Morris  of  Dunkettle. 

Morris,  Jonas,  of  Cork. 

M.P.  Cork  City,  1731,  till  his  decease  in  1735. 
Doubtless  related  to  the  foregoing,  but  not  his  father. 

Morris,  Samuel,  of  Ballyhegan  {sic),  Kerry. 

M.P.  Castlemartyr,  1695-99. 

Son  of  Samuel  Morris,  of  Ballybeggan. 

Was  a  colonel  in  the  army;  was  M.P.  also  for  Tralee,  1703-13  ;  1713-14;  1714  till 
his  death  in  the  same  or  following  year. 

Mur rough  (or  Morrogh),  Andrew. 

M.P.  Kinsale  in  James  II.'s  Parliament,  1689. 

Son  and  heir  of  James  Murrough  (or  Morrogh),  of  Cork  (1668),  and  "brother  and  heir 
to  James  Murrough — his  elder  brother— in  1663. 



Entered  Gray's  Inn,  1668;  a  barrister-at-law ;  elected  and  sworn  in  as  recorder  of 
Kinsale,  28th  February,  1687,  under  the  new  charter  granted  to  the  borough  by  King 
James.  Was  one  of  the  assessors  lor  county  Cork  for  James  II. 's  tax  on  personal 
estates  "  for  the  benefit  of  trade  and  commerce."  Lost  in  the  Williamite  confiscations 
property  of  an  annual  value  of  £80. 

MacCarthy,  Charles,  of  Ballea. 

M.P.  Bandon  in  King  James  II. 's  Parliament,  1689. 

Son  of  Teige  MacCarthy,  of  Ballea.    Was  a  colonel  in  James  II. 's  service. 

He  married  Joan,  fourth  daughter  of  Teige  (or  Duna)  MacCarthy,  by  his  second 
wife,  Honora  O'Donovan,  and  died  8th  May,  1704,  and  buried  at  Kilcrea. 

MacCarthy  (Reagh),  Daniel. 

M.P.  Bandon  in  James  II.'s  Parliament,  1689. 

Son  and  heir  of  Cormac  (or  Charles)  MacCarthy  Reagh  by  Eleanor,  daughter  of  Cormac 
(MacCarthy),  Viscount  Muskerry,  and  nephew  maternally  of  Donough,  Earl  of  Clan- 
carty  (see  MacCarthy  Donough,  m.p). 

In  1688  he  raised  for  King  James  a  regiment  of  infantry.  Was  deputy  lieutenant 
of  Cork  county,  1690. 

He  married  Maria,  daughter  of  Richard  Townsend,  m.p.  (q.v.),  and  widow  of  

Owen,  and  had  issue  two  daughters,  who  died  unmarried.    He  died  1691. 

MacCarthy,  Daniel  "  Fion." 

M.P.  Clonakilty  in  James  II.'s  Parliament,  1689. 

"Sovereign"  of  Clonakilty,  having  been  appointed  by  the  new  charter  granted  by 
King  James,  12th  July,  1688. 

MacCarthy,  Sir  Donough,  knt.  (afterwards  Viscount  Muskerry  and  Earl 
of  Clancarty). 

M.P.  Cork  County,  1634-39. 

Eldest  son  of  Cormac  Oge  MacCarthy  (who  was  created  Baron  of  Blarney  and 
Viscount  Muskerry,  1628),  by  Lady  Margaret  O'Brien,  daughter  of  fourth  Earl  of 

He  was  born  1594;  succeeded  as  Viscount  Muskerry,  1640;  general  of  the  King's 
(Charles  I.)  forces  in  Munster,  1641  ;  created  Earl  of  Clancarty,  1658. 

He  married  Mary  Butler,  sister  of  first  Duke  of  Ormonde,  and  had  issue  (see 
MacCarthy,  Justin,  m.p.)  He  died  1665.  (For  a  full  account  of  his  life,  see  Diet.  Nat. 
Biog.;  Webb,  etc.) 

MacCarthy,  Dermot,  of  Lohort. 

M.P.  Cork  County,  16 13. 

Son  of  Owen  MacCarthy. 

He  had  letters-patent  13th  James  I.,  of  the  greater  part  of  Duhallow;  he  borrowed 
from  Sir  Philip  Perceval,  on  the  security  of  the  lands  of  Kanturk,  Lohort,  etc.,  a  sum 
of  money  "  more  than  the  entire  worth  of  the  estates."  MacCarthy  joined  the  rebels 
in  i64i,  and  lost  his  equity  of  redemption,  and  being  in  default,  Perceval  entered  into 
possession  of  the  estates,  which  are  still  held  by  his  descendant,  the  Earl  of  Egmont. 

MacCarthy,  Justin  (afterwards  titular  Viscount  Mountcashell). 

M.P.  Cork  County  in  James  II.'s  Parliament,  1689. 

Third  son  of  Donough  MacCarthy,  Earl  of  Clancarty  {q.v.) ;  was  created  Viscount 
Mountcashell,  by  King  James ;  but  the  title — like  all  those  conferred  by  him  after  his 
abdication  of  the  English  throne,  but  while  he  was  de  pire  King  of  Ireland — was  not 



He  died  at  Barrege,  in  France,  of  a  wound  received  five  years  previously. 

He  married  Lady  Arabella  Went  worth,  daughter  of  the  famous  Earl  of  Strafford, 
and  had  issue  two  daughters.  (For  a  full  account  of  his  career,  see  O'Callaghan's 
Irish  Brigades;  Diet.  Nat.  Biog.;  Webb,  etc.) 

MacCarthy,  Owen. 

M.P.  Clonakilty  in  James  II. 's  Parliament,  1689. 

Colonel  of  King  James's  36th  Regiment,  1689.    Went  to  France  with  the  King,  1690. 

"  Descended  from  Sir  Owen  MacCarthy,  fourth  son  of  Donald  Fineen  MacCarthy 
Reagh,  and  Elinor,  daughter  of  Gerald,  eighth  Earl  of  Kildare." — Smith. 

McDonnell,  Charles,  of  New  Hall,  Ennis. 

M.P.  Rathcormick,  1797- 1800. 

Son  of  Charles  McDonnell,  m.p.,  by  Catherine,  daughter  of  Sir  Edward  O'Brien,  of 
Dromoland,  bart. 

Born  1761;  lieutenant-colonel  commanding  the  Earl  of  Belvidere's  Regiment  in 
Canada;  M.P.  also  for  Clare  and  Yarmouth;  a  Commissioner  of  Accounts,  1802. 

He  married  17th  February,  1785,  Bridget,  third  daughter  of  John  Bayly,  of  Des- 
borough  (she  died  15th  March,  1800),  and  had  issue.  Ancestor  of  New  Hall  family. 
He  died  6th  September,  1803. 

Nagle,  David,  of  Carrigoone. 

M.P.  Mallow  in  James  II. 's  Parliament,  1689. 
Had  a  son,  Joseph  Nagle,  who  was  admitted  to  Gray's  Inn,  1696. 

Nagle,  Sir  Richard,  knt. 

M.P.  Cork  County  in  James  II. 's  Parliament,  1689. 

Son  of  James  Nagle,  of  Clogher,  county  Cork:  admitted  Gray's  Inn,  1663;  a  barrister- 
at-law ;  succeeded  Sir  William  Dunville  as  Attorney-General  (I.),  1686;  speaker  of 
James  II. 's  Parliament,  held  in  Dublin ;  Secretary  of  State,  and  Secretary  for  War. 
"  He  was  at  first  designed  for  the  priesthood  and  educated  amongst  the  Jesuits,  but 
afterwards  studied  the  law,  in  which  he  arrived  to  a  good  perfection,  and  was  employed 
by  many  Protestants."  Drew  up  the  Act  of  Settlement,  and  Act  of  Attainder.  Author 
of  the  Coventry  Letter,  26th  October,  1686,  in  which  he  proposed  repealing  these  Acts. 
Arrived  with  Lord  Tyrconnell  and  Sir  Stephen  Rice  in  Gal  way,  in  January,  1691, 
with  ^8,ooo,  to  carry  on  the  war  against  William  III.  In  August,  1691,  he,  with 
Sir  Alexander  Fitton  and  Mr.  Plowden,  were  appointed  by  James,  Lord  Justices  of 
Ireland,  by  a  commission  brought  over  from  France  by  Plowden,  but  it  never  took 
effect.  He  was  knighted  20th  February,  1686-7,  bY  Lord  Deputy  Tyrconnell.  He 
resided  at  Carrignaconny  Castle,  county  Cork. 

He  married  Jane,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Kearney,  of  Rathcoole,  county  Tip- 
perary,  and  had  issue.  His  eldest  son  Richard,  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Oliver  Grace, 
of  Shangaragh,  and  d.s.p.;  another  son  married  Margaret,  daughter  of  Colonel  Walter 
Burke,  of  the  Mayo  family. 

Sir  Richard  Nagle's  brother  Pierce,  was  high  sheriff,  county  Cork,  1689,  and 
married  Mary  Kearney,  or  O'Kearney,  sister  of  Lady  Nagle.  (See  Diet.  Nat.  Biog.; 
Webb;  Macaulays  History,  etc.) 

He  wen  ham  5  Thomas,  of  Coolmore. 

M.P.  Cork  City,  1751-60. 

Son  of  William  Newenham,  of  Coolmore,  by  Dorothea,  daughter  and  heir  of  Edward 
Worth,  baron  of  the  Exchequer. 

He  was  born  27th  August,  1729;  married,  first,  Hon.  Susannah  Wandesforde, 
daughter  of  George,  Viscount  Castlecomer;  she  d.s.p.  1754.  Married  secondly,  March, 



1760,  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  William  Dawson,  of  Castle  Dawson;  she  died 
24th  December,  1763,  leaving  issue.  Ancestor  of  present  Coolmore  family.  He  was 
high  sheriff  of  Cork,  1756,  and  died  1766. 

Norris,  Sir  John,  knt. 

M.P.  Cork  County,  1585. 

Son  of  Henry,  Lord  Norris,  of  Rycote. 

Was  Lord  President  of  Munster,  1584  ("fee  ^130  6s.  8d."),  but  resigned  in  1585, 
on  being  sent  "to  the  assistance  of  the  Hollanders;"  colonel-general  of  the  English 
in  the  Low  Countries;  knighted  in  Holland,  by  Lord  Leicester,  1586;  marshal  of  the 
Army  under  Hohenlohe,  and  general  of  the  Auxiliary  English  in  Brittany ;  settled 
the  House  of  Braganza  on  the  throne  of  Portugal.  Was  sent  in  1595  against  Tyrone 
and  the  Ulster  rebels,  with  whom  he  made  a  truce,  which  was  broken  by  Tyrone,  and 
his  failures  in  this  business  are  said  to  have  so  humiliated  him  as  to  have  hastened 
his  death. 

He  died  unmarried  1597.  (See  Spencer's  sonnet  to  him,  Smith's  Cork,  vol.  1,  p.  324. 
See  Diet.  Nat.  Biog.;  Webb;  Froude.,  etc.) 

Nugent,  Major-General  George  (afterwards  Sir  George  Nugent,  bart.) 

M.P.  Charleville,  1800. 

Illegitimate  son  of  the  Hon.  Edmund  Craggs  Nugent,  son  of  Earl  Nugent. 

He  was  born  10th  June,  1757;  married  15th  November,  1797,  Marie,  seventh  daughter 
of  Cortlandt  Skinner;  she  died  24th  October,  1834.  Was  a  field  marshal  in  the  Army; 
g.c.b.;  d.c.l.;  colonel  6th  Regiment;  adjutant-general  (I.)  1799  ;  governor  of  Jamaica, 
1801-6.  M.P.  also  for  Buckingham,  1 790-1 802 ;  Aylesbury,  1806-12;  Buckingham, 
1818-32.  Created  a  baronet  "  for  military  services,"  28th  November,  1806.  Ancestor 
of  present  baronet  of  West  Harling,  Norfolk.    He  died  nth  March,  1849. 

O'Brien,  Sonogh,  of  Duough,  Clare. 

M.P.  Mallow,  1634. 

Eldest  son  of  Teige  O'Brien,  of  Duagh,  by  Mary,  daughter  of  Murtagh  O'Brien,  of 
Doon-Arragh,  and  descended  from  Donald,  son  of  Connor,  the  last  "King"  of  Thomond, 
His  estates  were  forfeited  by  Cromwell,  but  restored  by  Charles  II.    He  was  M.P. 
also  for  Clare,  1639. 

He  married  Honora,  daughter  of  Connor  O'Brien,  of  Leimanach,  and  had  issue. 

O'Brien,  Hon.  James,  of  Dublin. 

M.P.  Charleville,  1725-27;  Youghal,  1727-60. 

Third  son  of  William,  third  Earl  and  eighth  Baron  of  Inchiquin,  by  Mary,  daughter  of 
Sir  Edward  Villiers.  Was  a  captain  of  Foot ;  collector  of  the  Port  of  Drogheda. 
1736-54,  and  of  the  Port  of  Cork,  1755-67. 

He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Very  Rev.  William  Jephson,  dean  of  Kilmore  (she 
died  1760),  and  had  issue.  His  son  succeeded  to  the  earldom  and  was  created 
Marquess  of  Thomond.  Ancestor  of  the  extinct  Marquesses  of  Thomond.  He  died 
17th  December,  1771. 

O'Callaghan,  Hon.  Sir  Robert  William. 

M.P.  Bandon,  1797-1800. 

Second  son  of  first  Lord  Lismore. 

Born  October,  1777;  colonel  39th  Regiment  ;  lieut.-general  ;  commanded  the 
forces  at  Madras;  k.c.b.    He  died  9th  June,  1840,  unmarried. 

(To  be  continued.) 


jNfotes  and  Queries. 


Contributed  by  Robert  Day :  An  acct.  Worke  done  at  the  North  and  South  Bridges. 
/.  F.  Lynch :  Some  Stray  Notes. 
R.  W. :  J.  Vaughan  Thompson,  Naturalist. 
Mananaan  Mac  Lir :  A  Cork  "Punch." 
William  Callaghan :  Minerva  Rooms,  Cork. 

Breviator :  Phelim  O'Connor,  of  Kerry — Rev.  Joseph  Synge — Lieut. -Colon el 
Michael  Synge — Philip  "Ash" — Springmount,  etc. — McCartie  of  Clidane. 

"An  acct.  Worke  Done  at  the  23orth  and  South  Bridges,  October,  1710. 
Carpenters — 

William  Smith,  9  dayes,  at  2S.  6d.  pr.  day 




his  man,  9  dayes,  at  is.  6d.  pr.  day 

. .  0 



his  son,  9  dayes 

. .  0 



William  Cook,  9,  at  2s.  pr.  day 

.  .  0 



Two  Sawyers,  4  dayes 

.  .  0 



Labourers — Phillip  Kelley,  8  dayes 

. .  0 



Teige  Carthy,  4  dayes 




Daniell  Carthy,  3  dayes 




4  Porters          „  „ 

.  .  0 



2  Labourers     „     „      . . 

.  .  0 



Saml.  Woodroffe,  overfeeing  9  dayes,  is.  6d.  pr.  day 

.  .  0 



£4-  17  6 

'  Mr.  Perry, 

Pay  the  above  four  pounds,  seventeen  shillings  and  sixpence,  for  mending  ye 
bridges  of  ye  North  and  South  Gates.  Edward  Hoare,  Mayr. 

Reed,  the  Contence  of  the  above  order,  October  ye  fourth,  17 10. 

Sam.  Woodroffe.'" 

I  copy  the  above  from  the  original  in  my  possession.  It  is  of  interest  as  a  contrast 
of  the  rates  of  wages  paid  in  Cork  then  and  now.  In  17 10  a  skilled  carpenter  earned 
2/6  per  day  ;  a  sawyer,  1/6 ;  labourers,  6d. ;  porters  or  messengers,  3d. ;  and  unskilled 
labourers  the  same  ;  and  the  foreman  overseer,  1/6  per  day. 

Here  is  another  document  of  a  somewhat  similar  kind,  but  the  outlay  was  upon  a 
less  enduring  structure — the  Town  Wall. 

"  Corporation.  Dr.  for  Repairring  the  town  walls  neere  Banfield's  Slipp, 
May  2,  171 1. 

half  a  lighter  stones        . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  £0    5  o 

2  barrill's  Lime,  at  i8d.    ..  ..  ..  ..  ..030 

a  small  Boat  sand  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..016 

Mafsons  and  Labourers  work       . .  . .  c .  ..040 

-  13  6 

We  have  examined  the  above  amt.,  thirteeen  shillings  and  sixpence,  and  finde  the 
workes  don.  Wm.  Goddard. 

Fra.  Cottrell." 



In  those  "good  old  times  "  the  Mayor  of  our  City  was  paid  in  somewhat  the  same 
proportion  as  the  skilled  mechanic,  for  here  is  a  receipt  for  a  "quarters  allowance." 

"  Reced.  of  Geo.  Piersy,  by  ye  order  of  Mr.  Jonathan  Perry,  Chamberlin  of  ye 
Citty  of  Cork,  ye  suinc  of  fifty  pounds  sterg.  for  my  quarters  allowance,  ending 
ye  24th  inst.,  witness  my  hand  this  26th  day  of  June,  seventeen  hundred  and 
eleven  (1711.)    Edward  HoARE,  Mayr." 

Robert  Day. 

Some  Stray  Notes. — The  writer  of  the  paper  "  Folk-Lore  of  the  Months,"  in 
the  December  number  of  the  Journal,  derives  Knawhill,  a  townland  in  the  parish  of 
Knocktemple,  barony  of  Duhallow,  from  Ctt4fi)  "Fuji-  This,  I  think,  must  be  a 
mistake,  for  O'Donovan,  in  his  supplement  to  O'Reilly 's  Dictionary,  gives  Cr)4ri)CO)lt 
as  the  Irish  form  of  this  name.  It  means  the  wood  of  bones.  There  was  another  and 
better  known  Ctj4.rijcojUj  in  the  parish  of  Kilshane,  barony  of  Clanwilliam,  about  a 
mile  and  a  half  east  of  the  town  of  Tipperary,  now  corrupted  to  Cleighile.  It  lay  near 
the  old  road  leading  from  Cashel  to  Cork.  This  is  evident  from  the  following  passage 
in  the  Annals  of  the  Four  Masters : — "  1600.  O'Neill  marched  from  Cashel,  westward 
across  the  river  Suir,  and  set  out  for  Kinsale,  by  the  route  of  Cnamh-Choill  and 
Sliabh  na  Muice,  keeping  to  the  east  side  of  Sliabh  Claire,  and  passing  through 
Bearna  Dhearg,  into  Clangibbon  and  Roche's  Country."  Dr.  Todd,  in  the  Wars  of 
G.G.,  translates  Cl)4iijC0jU,  "  hazle  or  nut  wood."  I  think,  however,  he  must  have 
confused  Cr)4.ri),  "a  bone,"  with  Cnorrj,  "a  nut."  Lough  Gur  has  a  rival  for  the  posses- 
sion of  the  impatient  serpent.  Miss  Banim,  in  Here  and  There  Through  Ireland,  has  the 
following  account  of  him  : — "  There  was  only  one  sarpint  left  in  the  entire  universal 
island,  an'  that  one  St.  Patrick  chained  deep  down  in  a  lake  on  the  top  of  the  Galtee 
mountains,  that  you  may  have  heard  tell  of  away  in  Tipperary.  St.  Patrick  told  him 
he  would  never  leave  that  until  he  himself  would  come  of  a  Monday  to  set  him  free. 
Every  Monday  morning  the  sarpint  comes  to  the  surface  of  the  lake  and  calls  out,  '  Is 
it  time  yet,  Patrick  ?'  Patrick  answers,  '  It's  not  the  Monday  yet.'  When  the  sarpint 
says,  { Is  fadha  Luan  e,  Padraic'  (It's  a  long  Monday,  Patrick),  an'  sinks  again  for 
another  week."  When  preparing  the  paper  on  "Lough  Gur,"  for  the  Journal,  1  con- 
versed with  several  old  people  living  beside  the  lake,  but  I  did  not  get  any  tales  of 
serpents  from  them.  I  heard  numerous  stories  of  various  appearances  of  the  Earl 
of  Desmond,  and  another  visitant,  whom  the  people  call  the  Dwarf.  The  latter  appears 
at  rarer  intervals  than  Earl  Gerald.  He  is  generally  described  as  having  a  long  red 
beard  and  whiskers  trailing  behind  him.  The  people  speak  pretty  freely  of  the  Earl, 
but  they  have  a  certain  dread  of  this  dwarf,  and  do  not  like  to  talk  about  him.  The 
lake  is  said  to  belong  to  him,  and  he,  I  am  informed,  appeared  to  and  threatened  two 
men  recently  who  were  taking  more  than  their  fair  share  of  fish  from  the  lake.  The 
story  of  the  dwarf  is  an  old  one,  older,  perhaps,  than  the  Desmond  legend.  The  old 
people  consider  the  lake  is  named  from  an  Irish  chief,  and  they  may  possibly  have 
taken  "gair  "in  its  usual  meaning  of  "  short,"  and  thus  Lough  Gair  might  mean  the 
lake  of  the  short  fellow.  I  consulted  several  competent  Irish  scholars  as  to  the 
meaning  of  the  name  of  the  lake,  but  they  could  only  confess  their  ignorance,  so,  on 
the  principle  that  it  is  better  to  have  guessed  and  lost  than  never  to  have  guessed  at 
all,  I  gave  some  possible  explanations  in  the  Journal.  O'Donovan  mentions  the  name 
of  the  lake  in  his  supplement  to  O'Reillys  Dictionary,  but  gives  no  hint  as  to  the 
meaning.  Gair,  meaning  "head,"  occurs  in  a  line  quoted  by  O'Connellan  from  one  of  the 
Seabright  MSS.  in  Trinity  College,  Dublin.  Of*  me  2irr)4fl5er)  5lut)5et,  54Jfl  jUf 
3jlCrlj4C,  "I  am  Amergin  Glungel,  of  hoary  head  and  gray  beard."    Dr.  Joyce  gives 



many  instances  in  Irish  Names,  in  which  Cor,  meaning  a  "  round  hill,"  occurs,  and 
Dineley  names  the  high  hill  on  which  the  Munster  fort  was  built,  Carrigmore  ;  so, 
despite  the  dwarf,  the  fort  may  have  been  named  from  the  hill,  and  the  name  after- 
wards transferred  to  the  lake.  The  late  Mr.  John  Fitzgerald,  who  knew  a  great  deal 
about  the  lake,  and  who  has  been  referred  to  in  such  kind  terms  by  Mr.  Robert  Day  in 
the  Journal,  was  of  opinion  that  Gair  was  a  contraction  of  a  longer  word.  There  was 
a  celebrated  fort  in  the  Dalcassian  territory,  which  has  not  been  identified,  called  Dun 
Doghair.  In  a  poem,  quoted  by  O'Curry  from  Dubhthach  na  Lugair,  a.d.,  432,  it  is 
referred  to,  and  in  such  a  way  as  to  put  it,  I  think,  on  a  level  with  Cruachain  and 
Emhain,  the  Connaught  and  Ulster  capitals.  In  the  Wars  of  G.G.,  Brian  Boroimhe 
is  reported  as  saying  "  that  his  grandfather,  Lorcan,  would  not  permit  the  seven  great 
battalions  to  burn  the  ford  of  U.  Doghair  for  four  days  and  four  nights."  Dr.  Todd 
takes  U  to  be  written  for  Ui,  "  descendants,"  but  it  may  be  a  mistake  in  the  manuscript 
for  Dun.  The  name  being  written  Dun  Gair  in  the  Book  of  Rights  appears,  however, 
to  be  against  this  explanation.  O'Donovan  identifies  two  of  the  seats  of  the  King  of 
Cashel  as  having  been  at  Lough  Gur.  These  were  Cathair  Chinn  Chon  and  Dun  Gair. 
Between  these  two  forts,  in  both  the  prose  and  poetical  list  of  the  Book  of  Rights, 
there  is  a  fort  named  Dun  Fir  Aen  Cholca.  From  its  position  in  the  lists,  this  fort,  I 
consider,  must  also  have  been  at  Lough  Gur,  and,  perhaps,  is  to  be  identified  with  the 
strongly-fortified  fort  on  Knockfinnel.  It  had  the  same  outer  walls  as  are  visible  to- 
day surrounding  Dun  iEnghuis,  in  Aran  More.  Another  interesting  point  of  connection 
between  these  two  forts  is,  that  Asal,  who  settled  at  Toryhill,  was  brother  to  iEnghus, 
the  traditional  Firbolg  builder  of  Dun  iEnghuis.  Another  of  the  Munster  forts  of  the 
King  of  Cashel  was  named  Ebliu,  from  Ebliu,  daughter  of  Guare,  and  wife  of  Mairid, 
King  of  Munster,  about  the  close  of  the  first  century  of  our  era.  Ebliu  is  the  subject  of 
a  peculiarly  wild  legend,  which  is  related  in  the  "  Lebor  na  h-uidre."  She  induced  her 
stepson,  Eochaidh,  to  carry  her  off,  and  Eochaidh  and  she  went  to  live  in  the  district, 
then  called  Liath-muine,  but  now  covered  by  Lough  Neagh,  which  was  caused  by  the 
overflow  of  a  magic  well.  Lough  Neagh  took  its  name  from  Eochaidh.  It  is  a  con- 
traction of  Loch  n-Echach,  that  is  "  the  lake  of  Eochaidh."  Now,  about  a  mile  north  of 
Murroe,  in  the  county  Limerick,  there  is  a  conspicuous  hill,  on  the  top  of  which  there  is 
an  earthen  fort,  marked  in  the  Ordnance  Map,  "Lis  Gorey,"  but  which  the  people  call  the 
fort  of  John  Guare,  this  John  Guare  having  been  a  giant  who  lived  here  in  the  old 
times,  and  who  had  a  brother  living  on  the  top  of  a  hill,  about  three  miles  to  the  east. 
Beside  these  two  hills  flows  a  little  stream  named  Ahanetawney  (the  little  ford  of  the 
green  field).  When  Guare's  brother  wished  to  communicate  with  him  he  threw  some 
milk  into  the  stream.  A  few  miles  to  the  north  lie  the  Slieve  Felim  mountains.  These 
mountains  are  twelve  in  number,  and  the  old  name  is  Sl)4b*  T)-6bljutt)  7l)5JrjJ 
5bU47fte,  "the  mountain  range  of  Ebliu,  the  daughter  of  Guare."  As  John  Guare  is  not 
a  very  dignified  name  to  bestow  upon  a  giant,  I  would  suggest  that  John  Guare  is  a 
corruption  of  71)5717)  5bU4]|ie,  and  that  Lis  Gorey  is  the  Ebliu  of  the  Book  of  Rights. 

  J.  F.  Lynch. 

J .  Vaughan  Thompson,  Naturalist. — Lived  in  Cork  or  Queenstown  in  early 
part  of  the  century.  Best  work  done  between  1820-1840.  Particulars  wanted  of  his 
history  and  private  life  ;  also,  to  know  if  there  is  any  portrait  extant  of  him  in  any  old 
Prints.  R.  W. 

A  Cork  "  Punch." — I  have  a  copy  of  No.  3  of  The  Bizarre  Gazette  which  was 
"printed  by  Joseph  Roche  at  his  printing  establishment,  36,  Cook  Street,  Cork, 



Shrovetide,  1857."  It  has  contributions  by  J.  Freke  Slingsby,  I).  F.  McCarthy,  and 
a  beautiful  metrical  version  of  the  reproach  of  the  Emperor  Theodosius  by  St. 
Ambrose.  The  principal  piece  is  a  mock-heroic  poem,  entitled,  "  The  very  woful 
Ballad  of  the  Count  Blad  Y.  Kara,"  signed  D.  L.  To  how  many  numbers  did  this 
journal  run,  and  who  were  the  principal  contributors  ? 

  Mananaan  Mac  Lir. 

Minerva  Rooms,  Cork. — Can  any  member  of  the  Society  give  me  any  informa- 
tion regarding  the  "  Minerva  Rooms,"  Cork ;  also,  who  was  a  William  Roderick 
O'Connor,  ballad  writer,  1818?  William  Callagiian. 

Melton  Mowbray. 

Phelim  O'Connor,  of  Kerry. — In  FitzGerald  pedigree  {Journal,  vol.  iii.,  p.  225) 
he  is  maternal  grandfather  of  John  of  Callan  (1261).  Who  was  Phelim,  and  how 
connected  with  main  stem  of  O'Connor,  Kerry  ? 

Rev.  Joseph  Synge  (brother  to  George,  bishop  of  Cloyne,  temp.  Charles  I.), 
married  Anne,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Sir  Thomas  Ashe,  of  St.  John's  Abbey,  Meath. 
What  family  had  said  Joseph  Synge  ?    Any  descendants  living? 

Lieutenant-Colonel  Michael  Synge.— Ob.  arc,  1720.  Whose  son?  Sister 
married  Townsend,  of  Castletownsend,  county  Cork.  Colonel's  will,  at  Dublin,  men- 
tions Captain  John  Hart  (governor  of  Maryland,  17 14  et  seg.).  Was  Hart  connected 
with  Synge  family  ?    Of  what  family  was  Hart  ?    What  arms  ? 

Philip  "Ash," — Ensign,  Sir  Heward  Oxburgh's  Regiment,  King  James'  Irish 
Army,  1688  (D'Alton's  List,  vol.  ii.,  p.  667.)  Of  family  of  Sir  Thomas  Ashe,  of  St. 
John's  Abbey,  Meath  ? 

Springmount,  etc. — D'Alton  mentions  Springmount,  Kilcow,  and  Cluantariff, 
as  places  adjoining  {King  James'  Army  List,  vol.  ii.,  p.  330.)    In  Cork  or  Kerry  ? 

McCartie  of  Clidane.—  Hayes  says  :  "Branch  of  McCartie  More"  (vol.  ii.,  p.  183, 
Ballads  of  Ireland).    How?    Where  is  Clidane  ?  Breviator. 

Original  pocuirients. 

5nt>ej:  ftestamentotum  olim  in  IRegistro  Governs 

No.  Name. 

59  Bubb,  Roger,  of  Corke 

60  Brooks,  Adrian,  of  Corke 

61  Benson,  Thomas,  of  Kinsale 

62  Bond,  Ellinor,  of  Corke 

63  Bond,  John,  of  Corke 

64  Bennis,  Thomas,  of  Corke  . . 

65  Barrett,  Edmund,  of  Corke  . . 

66  Barrett,  James,  of  Gurtin    . . 

67  Bennis,  Richard,  of  Limerick 

68  Blackwell,  George,  county  Clare 

69  Burk,  Elizabeth,  of  Rathcormuck 

165  I 



No.                    Name.  Year. 

70  Bettsworth,  Elizabeth,  of  Moyalloe  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1653 

71  Browne,  Richard,  of  Kinsale  „.  ..  ..  ..  1660 

72  Briant,  John,  of  Kinsale      . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1661 

73  Barry,  Richard,  of  Robertstown  . .  . .  . .  . .  1661 

74  Berry,  Edward,  of  Cloghnakilty  ..  ..  ..  ..  1661 

75  Bramble,  Robert                .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  . .  1661 

76  Brown,  Tymothy,  liut.         .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1662 

77  Blunt,  Anthony                 .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1662 

78  Barry  FitzPhilip,  John,  of  Carrigtohil  ..  ..  ..  1662 

79  Baynham,  Mary,  of  Fermoy  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1664 

80  Bunnell,  Richard,  of  Garrane  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1664 

81  Brooks,  Judith,  of  Bandon  ..  ..  ..  ..  1665 

82  Barry,  Philip,  of  Corrawahel  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1665 

83  Bluett,  Christopher,  of  Youghall  ..  ..  ..  ..  1665 

84  Bowler,  John,  of  Corke       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1665 

85  Byrne,  Adderly,  of  Bandon  .  .  ..  ..  ..  ..  1665 

86  Bartlet,  John,  of  Corke       . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1666 

87  Busteed,  Giles,  of  Mountlong  . .  . .  .  .  . .  1666 

88  Buller,  Coll*-  John             .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  . .  1667 

89  Baily,  Henry,  of  Winsmill  . .  . .  . .  . .  .  .  1667 

90  Butt,  John,  of  Kilcolman     . .  .  .  . .  .  .  . .  1667 

91  Beade,  Richard,  of  Clogheenes  . .  . .  .  .  . .  1667 

92  Beajnish,  John,  of  West  Gulley  . .  .  .  . .  .  .  1669 

93  Browne,  John,  of  Bandon    .  .  .  „  .  .  .  .  .  .  1669 

94  Bussell,  Pascho,  of  Corke    . .  . .  .  .  .  .  . .  1669 

95  Button,  Joan,  of  Bandon     . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1669 

96  Buxton,  John,  of  St.  Finbarry's  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  1669 

97  Bull,  Michael,  of  Bandon  . .  . .  . .  . .  1670 

98  Busteed,  John,  of  Killanully  ..  ..  ..  ..  1670 

99  Blackman,  William,  of  Corke  . .  .  .  .  .  1671 

100  6  Bryne,  Donnogh,  of  Coylecurra  ..  ..  ..  1672 

10 1  Brenagh,  Edmund,  of  Ballynebressagh  .  .  . .  . .  1672 

102  Branscomb,  John,  of  Corke  .  .  . .  . .  .  .  1672 

103  Brelsford,  John,  of  Carewswood  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1672 

104  Browne,  William,  of  Shallyvallybegg  ..  ..  ..  1672 

105  Barry,  David,  of  Corke       . .  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1673 

106  Bourne,  John,  of  Bandon    .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  . .  1673 

107  Bennett,  George,  of  Mauld  Collegge  .  .  ..  ..  1673 

108  Brien,  Catherine,  of  Kilnecurry  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1674 

109  Burk,  Walter,  of  Curraghnalaghtte  .  .  .  .  .  .  1674 

no  Busteed,  William              ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1674 

in  Boles,  Francis,  of  Ballinlancebeg  ..  ..  ..  ..  1674 

112  Bruce,  James,  of  Castlelyons  ..  ..  ..  ..  1675 

113  Butler,  Tobie,  of  Antiqua,  planter  ..  ..  ..  1675 

114  Barry,  Edmond,  of  Tynegiragh  ..  ..  ..  ..  1676 

115  Barry,  Ellinor  FitzEdmond  ..  ..  ..  ..  1677 

116  Bull,  William,  of  Bandon    ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1677 

117  Baldwin,  Walter,  of  Garrancooeingg  ..  ..  ..  1677 

118  Barrett,  Andrew,  of  Ballincollig  ..  ..  ..  ..  1677 


No.                   Namk.  Ykar 

119  Barrage,  Mary,  of  Clonec    ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1677 

120  Busteed,  Thomas,  of  Jordanstown  ..  ..  ..  ..  1677 

121  Ball,  Catherine     ..           ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1677 

122  Bernard,  Capt.  Richd.         ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1678 

123  Bryen,  Daniel,  of  Ross       ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1678 

124  Busteed,  Luke,  of  Mountlong  ..  ..  . .  ..  1679 

125  Bowler,  James,  of  Kinsale  ..  ..  .,  ..  1679 

126  Beamish,  Francis,  of  Curravarahane  ..  ..  ..  1679 

127  Browne,  Jane,  of  Kinsale    .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  . .  1680 

128  Berry,  John,  of  Corke         .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  168 1 

129  Barrett,  John,  of  Carrigrohane  ..  ..  ..  ..  1681 

130  Bayly,  John,  of  Castletreasure  ..  ..  ..  ..  1681 

131  Beamish,  Capt.  Thos.,  of  Bandon  .  .  .  .  .  .  1681 

132  Barrett,  Agnes,  of  Carrigrohane  .  .  . .  .  .  . ,  1682 

133  Baily,  William      . .           .  .  . .  . .  .  .  . .  1682 

134  Beamish,  Francis,  of  Kilmoloada  ..  ..  ..  ..  1682 

135  Burly,  Joseph,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1682 

136  Barter,  Thomas,  of  Killeene  ..  ..  ..  ..  1682 

137  Bradford,  Robert,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1683 

138  Barnett,  Philip,  of  Kinsale  ..  ..  ..  ..  1683 

139  Bevill,  John,  of  Bantry       ..  .,  ..  ..  ..  1683 

140  Busteed,  Richard,  of  Ballinure  ..  ..  ..  ..  1683 

141  Bird,  Nicholas,  of  Ballymodan  parish  . .  .  .  . .  1683 

142  Burrowes,  Thomas,  of  Kinsale  . .  .  .  . .  . .  1683 

143  Blanchet,  Robert,  of  the  island  of  Finis  (sic.)  .  .  . .  .  .  1684 

144  Blanchet,  Jane,  of  the  same  .  .  . .  . .  .  .  1684 

145  Boyle,  John           .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  t  1685 

146  Britton,  John,  of  the  city  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1685 

147  Bull,  John,  of  Bandon        . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1685 

148  Brooking,  John,  of  Cloughnekilty  .  .  .  .  . .  . .  1685 

149  Beede,  Thomas,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  1685 

150  Bickford,  Richard,  of  Inishonane  parish  ..  ..  ..  1686 

151  Bluett,  Emanuel,  of  Bandon  ..  ..  ..  ..  1686 

152  Bowler,  James,  of  Kinsale  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1687 

153  Bradford,  Godfrey             ..  ..  ..  ..  ..1687 

154  Baldwin,  James,  of  Polericke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1688 

155  Braly,  Susanna,  of  Bandon  .  .  ..  ..  ..  ..  1688 

156  Bernard,  Francis,  of  Castlemahon  ..  ..  ..  ..  1690 

157  Bunny,  John,  of  Aghadown  parish  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1690 

158  Baldwin,  Walter,  of  Garraghnehonig  ..  ..  ..  1691 

159  Barter,  William                 ..  ..  ..  ..  1692 

160  Baily,  William,  of  Downderrow  .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  1693 

161  Belcher,  Thomas,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  . .  . .  .  .  1694 

162  Bisse,  Thomas,  of  Bandon  . .  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  1694 

163  Banfield,  James,  of  Kinsale  . .  .  .  . .  . .  1694 

164  Baker,  Jerman,  of  Bandon  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1694 

165  Bayes,  James,  of  Kilgaruff  . .  . .  .  .  . .  . .  1695 

166  Baldwin,  Herbert,  of  Currovordy  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1696 

167  Brocklesby,  Richard,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  . .  . .  1696 



No.                  Name.  Year. 

168  Bisse,  Thomas,  of  Bandon  ..  ..  ..  ..  1697 

169  Browne,  Richard,  of  Kinsale  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1698 

170  Baily,  John  B.,  of  Castlemore  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1698 

171  Burden,  John,  of  Corke      .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1698 

172  Boobyer,  Martin,  of  Currahowe  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1698 

173  Buck,  Thomas,  of  Bandon  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1699 

174  Bruce,  Walter,  of  Skull  parish  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  1699 

175  Berry,  Robert,  of  Corke      .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1699 

176  Bryan,  William,  of  Ross     .  ..  ..  ..  ..  1700 

177  Baily,  Sarah,  of  Castlemore  ..  ..  ..  ..  1701 

178  Bragg,  John,  of  Rathcony  parish  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1701 

179  Brocklesby,  Loveday,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1702 

180  Bowen,  William,  of  Dunny  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1703 

181  Buchanan,  John,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1703 

182  Boobyer,  Kempthorn,  of  Kinsale  ..  ..  ..  1703 

183  Boyne,  Baptistor,  of  Kinsale  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1703 

184  Bryant,  Abel         ..           ..  t.  ..  ..  1703 

185  Beeton,  George,  of  Corke    .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  ...  1704 

186  Bryan,  Stephen,  of  Rosscarbery  ..  ..  ..  .„  1705 

187  Burnham,  Walter,  of  Corke  . .  ..  ..  ..  1705 

188  Bennett,  George,  of  Mealnacolig  ..  ..  ..  ..  1700 

189  Bullock,  Capt.  Nathl.,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  1706 

(To  be  continued.) 

Review  of  J3ooK. 

Eddies.    By  T.  H.  Wright.    (Wexford  :  The  Wood  Printing  Works).    Price  2S. 

In  a  very  beautiful  ode  in  this  dainty  volume  of  verse  it  is  said  that 
"  The  land  without  a  past  is  poor  indeed." 
With  this  we  entirely  agree,  but  cannot  help  thinking  that  most  countries  with  histories 
are  like  people  who  have  had  a  past ;  and  when  their  greatness  has  become  only  a 
historic  memory,  they  are  to  some  degree  not  enviably  circumstanced,  as  they  occupy 
the  position  of  one  of  whom  some  ancestor  had  been  famous,  and  who  is  respected 
merely  for  the  relationship  which  the  accident  of  birth  conferred. 

Irishmen  are  proud  of  their  country's  record  ;  nor  can  prejudice  or  enmity  discover 
cause  why  they  should  be  ashamed  of  it.  But  we  believe  that  some  time  must  yet 
elapse,  and  that  something  more  remains  to  be  done  before  we  can  truly  hail  her  as 

"  First,  flower  of  the  earth,  and  first  gem  of  the  sea  !" 
Therefore,  whatever  tends  to  foster  material  industries,  and  to  enhance  the  apprecia- 
tion of  the  fine  arts  among  us,  should  not  only  deserve  but  command  our  approval  and 

The  book  before  us,  however,  can  stand  on  its  own  merits,  independently  of  the 
considerations  already  given.  Its  agreeable  and  artistic  appearance  raises  expecta- 
tions which  are  more  than  fulfilled  by  the  contents. 


The  principal  poem,  as  we  understand  it  to  he,  is  an  "  Ode  to  Erin,"  which, 
although  pitched  in  a  high  key,  and  written  in  a  difficult  metre,  never  once  descends 
from  its  ambitioned  altitude  ;  and,  whilst  exciting  our  warmest  praise  by  its  beautiful 
imagery  and  lovely  poetry,  charms  us  by  the  grace  and  ease  of  performance  which 
characterise  its  every  line. 

Religious  poems  are,  usually,  dangerous  things  to  place  before  a  public  which  is 
ever  in  quest  of  novelty.  But  those  which  make  one  division  of  this  volume  do  not 
by  any  means  require  a  special  vocation  to  appreciate  them ;  for  even  from  readers 
who  may  not  sympathise  with  the  author's  beliefs,  they  must  exact  high  commenda- 
tion, not  only  for  their  gentle  piety,  but  also  for  their  intrinsic  excellence. 

The  score  or  so  of  sonnets  are,  in  our  opinion,  the  best  poems  in  the  book.  Here 
there  is  merit  of  a  very  high  order.  Was  it  Sir  Walter  Scott,  when  considering  not 
only  the  bulk  but  the  quality  of  the  poetry  which  in  his  later  days  was  continually 
pouring  from  the  press,  said  it  was  well  for  him  and  others  that  they  had  made  names 
for  themselves  some  time  before  ?  The  poems  we  now  refer  to  are  a  strong  corrobora- 
tion of  this.  The  author  shows  not  only  mastery  over  the  sonnet  form  of  poem,  and 
this  is,  perhaps,  the  most  difficult  form  of  it,  but  is  full  of  beauties  which  must  strike 
the  more  as  one  becomes  more  appreciative  of  poetry  and  better  acquainted  with 
the  knowledge  of  its  art. 

The  following  we  are  tempted  to  quote  : — 

Dost  thou  remember,  Sweet,  the  garden  door 

Through  which  we  outward  passed,  we  two  alone, 
From  cultured  alleys  to  a  wild  thick  sown 
With  mingled  gorse  and  fern,  and  studded  o'er 
With  boulders  rude  like  some  storm-beaten  shore  ? 
We  sat  us  twain  upon  a  mossy  stone  : 
Thoughts  kept  us  silent,  till  the  day  full-blown 
Shed  its  rose  petals  on  earth's  darkening  floor. 

But  when  the  stars  stole  forth  in  shining  bands, 

From  trembling  lips  deep  passionate  pleadings  came. 

I  know  not :  where  is  he  who  understands 
The  alchymy  of  love's  primeval  flame  ? 
But  this  I  know,  the  world  is  not  the  same 

Since  I  have  bowed  to  thy  most  dear  commands. 

The  "two  sonnets  from  the  Nation"  are  stately  and  impressive.  The  expression, 
the  "cassocked  Mars,"  used  in  referring  to  Dean  Swift,  in  the  sonnet  written  at  Celbridge 
Abbey,  is  original  and  good.  "  The  Rainbow,"  page  34,  and  the  poem  with  the  same 
heading,  page  61,  are  interesting,  apart  from  their  poetical  merits,  as  displaying 
different  treatment  of  precisely  the  same  thoughts  by  the  same  writer.  The  classical 
allusions  scattered  through  the  book,  show  us  that  Keats  was  not  almost  alone  among 
the  moderns  in  being  able  to  invest  the  poetry  of  the  ancients  with  new  grace  and 

In  a  word,  it  may  be  said  that  Mr.  Wright's  muse  is  distinguished  for  the  greatest 
refinement  of  thought  and  the  utmost  elegance  of  expression,  and  his  book  should  be 
welcomed  by  all  lovers  of  genuine  poetry,  and  especially  by  Corkmen,  who,  we  believe, 
can  claim  the  author  for  one  of  themselves, 

J.  p.  a 

Second  Series.— Vol.  II.,  No.  14.] 

[February,  1896. 



Cork  Historical  &  Archaeological 


€xtract5  from  Old  Jvtinute  J3ooK  of  puhallow  T^unt, 

1800  to  1808. 

Copied  by  MAJOR  JAMES  GROVE-WHITE,  J.P.,  57TH  Regiment. 

(By  permission  of  the  Hon.  Secretary  DnhaUow  Hunt,  Lieut.  Hans  Thomas  Fell  White,  R.N.) 

[The  minute  book  opens  with  a  record  of  the  first  founding  of  the  famous  Duhallow  Hunt 
and  the  rules  adopted  for  its  regulation.  The  reader  will  note  the  large  number  of  well  known 
names  among  the  original  members,  and  also  the  payment  of  hound-tax,  the  rent  of  coverts,  and 
the  small  total  of  items  paid  for  "  keeping"  the  country.] 

HE  first  entry  is :  At  a  meeting  of  several  gentlemen  held  at 
Cecilstown  on  Monday,  the  29th  September,  1800,  the  following 
resolutions  were  unanimously  agreed  to  : — 

That  a  club  be  formed,  to  consist  of  the  following  members, 
to  be  called  the  Duhallow  Hunt,  and  to  meet  and  dine  at  Cecils- 
town  the  first  Monday  in  every  month. 

That  the  yearly  subscription  of  each  member  be  two  [two 
scratched  out  and  "three"  put  in  pencil  over  the  two]  guineas,  to 
be  paid  in  advance  on  or  before  the  first  Monday  in  November  in  each  year. 

That  a  committee  be  appointed,  to  consist  of  the  following  six  [six  scratched  out 
and  "  seven "  written  over  it  in  pencil]  members  who  shall  have  power  to  meet  and 
enter  into  such  further  resolutions  for  the  government  of  this  club  as  they  shall  think 
fit  ["  four  to  make  a  quorum  "  added]. 

That  Arthur  Bastable  [over  Arthur  Bastable  in  pencil  is  written  "  Wm.  Wallis"]  be 
appointed  treasurer  and  secretary  for  this  year. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  committee  appointed  to  draw  up  resolutions  for  the  regulation 
of  the  Duhallow  Hunt,  the  following  were  agreed  to  this  day  of  October,  1800: — 



That  the  commencement  of  this  club  be  from  29th  September  last,  which  day 
shall  in  future  be  the  commencement  of  the  year  to  and  for  which  time  the  annual 
subscription  of  two  ["three"  in  pencil  over  the  "  two  "]  guineas  is  to  be  paid  in  advance 
on  and  before  the  first  Monday  in  each  November  [in  pencil  "last  day  of  the  November 
meeting  "]  subsequent  to  the  29th  of  September,  and  on  which  day  officers  for  the 
ensuing  year  are  to  be  chosen  [from  "  subsequent  to  chosen  "  erased  in  pencil]. 

That  the  first  Monday  in  every  month  (October,  January  and  April  excepted)  the 
29th  September,  St.  Stephen's  Day  and  Patrick's  Day  be  the  days  of  meeting  and 
dining  together  of  this  club.. 

That  when  a  gentleman  is  proposed  to  become  a  member  of  this  club  the  person 
proposing  him,  being  an  original  member,  shall  pay  a  deposit  of  two  ["  three  "  in  pencil] 
guineas  as  and  for  his  subscription  (if  admitted)  for  that  year,  to  be  returned  if  rejected, 
and  that  he  be  balloted  for  the  next  meeting  day. 

This  minute  was  altered  in  ink  as  follows  : — 

That  when  a  gentleman  is  balloted  for  and  admitted  the  member  proposing  him 
shall  pay  three  guineas  as  and  for  his  subscription,  otherwise  the  ballot  to  be  made 
void  for  that  year,  and  that  he  be  balloted  for  the  next  meeting  day  after  that  on  which 
he  shall  be  proposed. 

That  no  gentleman  be  balloted  for  except  on  a  meeting  day,  and  the  time  ot 
balloting  be  from  half-past  four  to  eight  o'clock.    One  black  bean  in  seven  to  exclude. 

That  any  person  who  shall  happen  to  be  rejected  shall  not  be  balloted  for  until 
twelve  months  after,  and  if  twice  rejected  shall  be  considered  ever  after  inadmissable. 

That  any  gentleman  who  shall  omit  to  pay  his  subscription  in  advance  on  or  before 
the  first  Monday  [altered  to  "  last  meeting  day"]  in  November  in  each  year  shall  be 
considered  no  longer  a  member. 

That  a  president  and  vice-president  be  appointed  every  meeting  day,  the  vice- 
president  one  day  to  be  president  the  next,  and  to  appoint  a  vice-president  who  is  to 
succeed  him  as  president,  and  appoint  a  vice-president. 

That  a  treasurer  and  secretary  be  appointed  every  year  who  is  to  keep  the  accounts 
of  the  club. 

That  no  stranger  be  permitted  to  dine  at  the  club  unless  introduced  by  the 

That  the  bills  of  the  day  are  to  be  paid  by  the  treasurer,  being-  first  signed  by  the 
president,  which  signature  shall  authorize  the  treasurer  to  discharge  the  same,  provided 
the  same  does  not  exceed  at  the  rate  of  six  shillings  and  sixpence  each  man  [this  minute 
is  erased]. 

That  the  uniform  coat  of  the  hunt  be  a  blue  frock  with  black  cape  and  Duhallow 
Hunt  button  and  a  blue  and  yellow  striped  waistcoat.    [This  minute  erased.] 
That  the  uniform  coat  of  the  hunt  be  scarlet. 

That  the  secretary  do  give  notice  in  the  newspaper,  two  posts,  before  each  day  of 
meeting,  and  where  the  members  are  to  meet  and  dine. 

That  the  secretary  do  give  notice  in  the  newspaper  three  posts  before  first  Monday 
in  November  in  each  year  in  the  following  words  : — 

The  members  of  the  Duhallow  Hunt  are  to  take  notice  that  Monday,  the  —  day  of 
November  next  [altered  to  "  that  the  last  day  of  the  November  meeting"]  will  be  the 
last  day  for  receiving  subscriptions.  Any  gentleman  neglecting  to  pay  on  or  before 
that  day  will  be  no  longer  considered  a  member. 

That  the  president  shall  have  the  power  of  removing  occasionally  the  place  of 
dining  from  Cecilstown  to  Mallow  until  proper  accommodation  be  provided  at  Cecils- 
town.     [This  minute  erased.] 


That  the  club  dine  together  in  Cork  one  day  in  each  assizes,  of  which  due 
notice  is  to  be  given. 

That  the  time  of  receiving  subscriptions  be  enlarged  for  this  year  only  to  the  first 
Monday  in  December,  many  gentlemen  who  were  appointed  original  members  not 
having  been  informed  of  it.    [This  minute  erased.] 

That  any  member  wishing  to  suggest  any  new  regulation  to  be  adopted  by 
the  club  do  give  it  in  writing  to  the  president,  to  be  by  him  submitted  to  the  com- 

That  the  club  be  considered  as  closed  from  this  date,  and  that  no  gentleman  be 
hereafter  admitted  but  by  ballot. 

Committee. — 

William  Wrixon.  William  Lysaght.  William  Wrixon  Beecher. 

William  Harris.  John  Lysaght.  James  P.  Glover. 

Robert  de  la  Cour.  John  N.  Wrixon  (in  pencil). 

Elected  26th  December,  1801. 

Members  of  the  Duhallow  Hunt— 

Names  and  Residences. 

William  Wrixon,  Ballygiblin. 
William  Lysaght,  Mount  North. 
Edward  Deane  Freeman,  Castlecor. 
William  Wrixon  Beecher,  Creagh. 
John  Longfield,  Longueville. 
Richard  Hare,  Mallow. 
William  Harris,  Assolas. 
Denham  Jephson,  Mallow. 
Sir  James  L.  Cotter,  Rockforest. 
Lord  Doneraile,  Doneraile. 
John  Wallis,  Westwood. 
Hugh  Norcott,  Springfield. 
John  Newman,  Dromore. 
George  Crofts,  Churchtovvn. 
Colonel  Howarth,  Mallow. 
Major  Croker,  Quartertown. 
Revd.  R.  Woodward,  Mallow. 
John  Nash,  Ballymagooley. 
Sands.  Palmer,  Mallow. 
James  Purcell,  Glounanore. 
Richard  Foot,  Millford. 
George  Stannard,  Priory. 
William  Franks,  Carrig. 
Nicholas  G.  Evans,  Carker. 
James  Gubbings,  Kenmare  Castle. 
Thomas  Ware. 
W.  Atkins,  Waterpark. 
Capt.  Porter,  Besborough. 
A.  Newman,  Kinsale. 
Robert  de  la  Cour,  Mallow. 
John  Wrixon,  Ballygiblin. 

Names  and  Residences. 

Nicholas  Wrixon,  Ballygiblin. 
Matthew  Deane  Freeman,  Castlecor. 
Ralph  Westropp,  Cork. 
James  FitzGerald,  Cork. 
James  Chatterton,  Cork. 
Robert  Swayne,  Bantyre. 
William  Dore,  Mallow. 
John  Lysaght,  Woodpark. 
Charles  Bastable,  Bettyville. 
Revd.  Freeman  Crofts,  Churchtown. 
Robert  Atkins,  Firville. 
Capt.  Rowland,  Cork. 
Henry  Lysaght,  Elmvale. 
James  Baggs,  Mallow. 
Nicholas  Lysaght,  Mount  North. 
Henry  Wrixon,  Blossomfort. 
Edward  Lysaght,  Mount  North. 
John  Fennell,  Cahir  Abbey. 
John  G.  Newsom,  Cork. 
Revd.  M.  Beecher,  Dromore. 
Thomas  Harris,  Assolas. 
James  P.  Glover,  Rockspring. 
Nicholas  G.  Evans,  junr. 
William  Longfield,  Longueville. 
Henry  Longfield,  Longueville. 
Robert  Longfield,  Longueville. 
Thomas  Dorman,  near  Cork. 
Joseph  Gubbings,  Kenmare  Castle. 
Edward  Allen,  Cork. 
William  Wallis,  Mallow. 
Edward  Lombard,  Aldworth. 



Names  and  Residences! 
Thomas  T.  Coppinger,  Carhue. 
Revd.  A.  McClintock,  Kanturk, 
John  Gregg,  Currimount. 
Arthur  Bastable,  Spring  grove. 
John  N.  Wrixon,  Cork. 
William  Purcell,  Altimira. 
Henry  Evans,  Carker. 
Walter  Evans,  Carker. 
Nath.  Evans,  Carker. 
James  Hill,  Doneraile. 
John  Power,  Ruskeen. 
John  Glover,  Mallow,. 
John  Purcell,  Templemary. 
James  T.  Glover,  Droumcorbet. 
Revd.  F.  M.  Cronin,  Kilpatrick. 
Richard  Harris,  Killroe. 
Thomas  Holmes,  Ballyhaura. 
Thomas  Flynn,  Mount  Ruby. 
Samuel  Wrixon,  Mallow. 
Revd.  Francis  Hewitt,  Lombardstown. 
Edmund  Kenifeck,  Cork. 

Name  and  Residences. 

Pierce  Hayes,  Gurteen  green. 
John  Milwood,  Cahirmee. 
Revd.  Robert  Bullen,  Newmarket. 
Holmes  Hayes,  Gurteen  green. 
William  Crofts,  Mallow. 
John  Philpot,  Clonribbon. 
William  Bullen,  Ruskeen. 
Charles  Crofts,  Bantyre. 
Nicholas  Hennessey,  Mallow. 
John  Hennessey,  Mallow. 
Michael  Nash,  Carrigoon. 
Jeremiah  Morgan,  Cork. 
Richard  Newsom,  Cork. 
Moses  Newsom,  Cork. 
John  Seward,  Dromore. 
George  Purcell,  Cork. 
James  Purcell,  Cork. 
James  Purcell,  Altimira. 
Richard  Maguire,  Cork. 
Luke  Philpot,  Duarigille. 
George  Foot,  Cecilstown. 

Members  Admitted  by  Ballot 

Lieut.  Wilmot,  Royal  Artillery. 
Lieut.  Ross,  Royal  Artillery. 
Richard  Newman,  Kinsale. 
Robert  Bowen,  Mallow. 
Henry  Thornhill  (Castle  Kevin). 
Revd.  John  Chester,  Mallow. 
Revd.  Robert  Longfield. 
William  Busteed. 

Arthur  Gibbings. 
Richard  Tucker. 
William  Atkins,  Mallow. 
John  Don  Roche,  Cork. 
William  Hart. 
Richard  Barrett,  Mallow. 
George  Foot,  Millford. 

Mallow,  \st  December,  1800.  At  a  General  Meeting  of  the  Club  this  day,  pursuant 
to  notice,  the  following  members  paid  their  subscriptions  : — 

Sir  James  L.  Cotter. 
Robert  de  la  Cour. 
James  Baggs. 
Nicholas  Hennessey. 
John  Lysaght. 
John  Seyward. 
James  Gubbings. 

Joseph  Gubbings. 
Ralph  Westrop. 
Jeremiah  Morgan. 
William  Dore. 
William  Wallis. 
Edward  Howarth. 
William  Franks. 

Honourable  R.  Hare. 
Denis  Jephson. 
Henry  Croker. 
John  Newman. 
John  Longfield. 
Thomas  T.  Coppinger. 

The  President  proposed  Lieut.  Ross,  Lieut.  Willmot,  Richard  Newman,  Robert 
Bowen  ;  seconded  by  Vice-President. 

The  vice-president  appointed  the  Honourable  Richard  Hare  to  be  his  vice  next 
meeting  day,  to  be  held  at  Carmichaei's,  on  St.  Stephen's  Day. 

Mallow,  December  26ik,  1800.  At  a  general  meeting  of  the  club  this  day,  pursuant 
to  notice,  the  following  gentlemen  were  balloted  for : — Lieut.  Willmott  and  Lieut. 
Ross,  of  the  Artillery ;  Richard  Newman,  Robert  Bowen — Admitted. 


Mallow,  February  2nd,  1801.  At  a  general  meeting  of  the  Club  this  day,  pursuant 
to  notice,  the  following  gentlemen  were  balloted  for : — 

Admitted — Henry  Thornhill.  Admitted — William  Busteed. 

„        Rev.  John  Chester.  ,,        Arthur  Gibbings. 

„        Rev.  Robert  Longfield.  ,,        Richard  Tucker. 

The  vice-president  appointed  Robert  De  la  Cour,  esq.,  to  be  vice-president  next 
meeting  day. 

March  ijth,  1821.  At  a  general  meeting  of  the  club  this  day,  pursuant  to  notice, 
the  following  gentlemen  were  balloted  for  : — Admitted — William  Atkins,  John  Don 

Mallow,  May  4.1/1,  1801.  At  a  general  meeting  of  the  club  pursuant  to  notice,  the 
following  gentlemen  were  balloted  for  : — William  Harte,  admitted. 

The  Vice-president  appointed  the  Rev.  Richard  Woodward  vice-president  the  next 

Mallow,  Jth  September,  1801.  At  a  general  meeting  of  the  club,  pursuant  to  public 
notice,  William  Wrixon,  esq.,  reported  to  the  club  that  the  committee  have  taken  into 
consideration  the  propriety  of  the  Duhallow  Hunt  contributing  for  a  purse  to  be  run 
for  at  the  ensuing  Mallow  races  by  county  of  Cork-bred  hunters,  and  that  the  committee 
recommend  it  to  the  club  to  resolve  the  same.  On  proposing  said  resolution  to  the 
club,  it  was  unanimously  resolved  that  each  member  shall  subscribe  one  guinea  for  the 
said  purse,  to  be  paid  to  William  Wrixon  Beecher,  esq.,  steward. 

At  a  general  meeting  of  the  club,  this  29th  of  September,  1801,  the  following 
gentlemen  were  balloted  for  and  admitted:  —  George  Foot,  of  M  ill  ford ;  Henry 
Lysaght,  Elmvale ;  Col.  Bradford,  Rev.  D.  Blake,  Capt.  Hunter,  Richard  Peard, 

Col.  Gibbings,  president ;  William  J.  Harte,  vice-president,  who  appointed 
W.  W.  Beecher  vice  for  next. 

At  a  meeting  of  this  club,  pursuant  to  notice,  the  2nd  day  of  November,  at  Car- 
michael's,  the  following  gentlemen  were  admitted  : — U.  P.  Williamson,  esq. ;  Edmond 
Roche,  esq. 

At  a  general  meeting  of  the  club,  held  the  8th  December,  1801,  at  Carmichael's, 

R.  H.  Purcell,  Altimira,  Henry  Milward,  Cork, 

John  Coppinger,  of  Carhue,  Arthur  Blennerhassett,  Kerry  (and 

Col.  Baird,  67th  Regt.  Elmgrove), 

Gerald  Thornhill,  Castlekevin,  Capt.  Roberts,  62nd  Regt., 

Capt.  Fisher,  R.  Artillery,  Hen.  Evans,  Royal  Navy, 

were  ballotted  for  and  unanimously  admitted.     William  Johnson  Harte,  president 

(absent) ;  William  Wrixon  Beecher,  vice-president,  who  appointed  John  Newman,  of 

Dromore,  esq.,  vice  for  the  next  day. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  club,  at  Carmichael's,  the  26th  December,  1801, 

William  Harrington,  Cork,  John  Croker,  of  Ballinaguard, 

Hen.  Foot,  Millford,  Chr.  Crofts,  Velvetstown, 

Clem.  Hume,  Mallow,  William  Longfield,  Longueville, 

John  Evans,       do.,  John  Barry,  m.d.,  Mallow, 

William  Perry, 


December  26th,  1801.  Robert  De  la  Cour  was  unanimously  chosen  one  of  the 
committee,  in  the  room  of  William  Lysaght,  deceased. 



March  isi,  1802.  The  vice-president  has  appointed  Ralph  Westrop,  esq.,  to  be 
vice-president  next  meeting  day. 

March  \yth,  1802.  At  a  general  meeting  of  the  club,  William  Coppinger  was  unani- 
mously admitted. 

At  a  general  meeting  of  the  club,  4th  of  June,  Henry  Longfield  (Longueville),  was 
unanimously  admitted. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Duhallow  Club,  held  on  Monday,  the  5th  day  of  December, 
the  following  gentlemen  were  unanimously  admitted  : — 

John  Smyth,  of  Temple  Michael.  Francis  Harvey,  of  Cork. 

Rev.  Arthur  Hyde,  of  Cork.  Capt.  O'Dell. 

Hon.  Colonel  Mahon,  9th  Dragoons. 
The  vice-president  has  appointed  Edward  Lysaght,  esq.,  to  be  vice-president  the 
next  meeting  day. 

Monday,  3rd  November,  1806.  Resolved — That  a  difference  of  opinion  having 
occurred  as  to  the  right  of  possession  of  the  Duhallow  Hunt  Cup,  the  time  for 
challenging  the  same  be  enlarged  to  Monday,  the  1st  day  of  December  next,  on  the 
usual  hour,  of  a  deposit  to  be  paid  to  the  treasurer  at  the  time  of  challenge,  Captain 
Porter  and  Mr.  Newsom  to  be  exempt  from  paying  any  deposit.  The  race  to  be  four 
miles  over  Mallow  course,  such  day  during  the  next  meeting  as  the  steward  shall 
appoint,  carrying  twelve  stone,  to  be  rode  by  grooms,  the  horses  to  qualify  over  a  four- 
foot  wall  and  a  sporting  ditch,  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  steward. 

Resolved — That  the  club  shall  meet  and  dine  together  at  Carmichael's,  in  Mallow, 
on  Monday,  the  1st  of  December  next. 

Resolved — That  the  annual  subscription  shall  stand  at  three  guineas,  to  be  paid  in 
advance  the  first  Monday  in  November,  and  that  the  appropriation  thereof  shall  be 
determined  on  the  next  day  of  meeting. 

Resolved — That  subscriptions  for  the  present  year  shall  be  open  until  next 
St.  Stephen's  Day  for  the  old  members  of  the  club,  who  shall  be  at  liberty  to 
enroll  their  names  as  members  on  paying  to  the  treasurer  their  subscription  of 
three  guineas. 

Monday,  Deconber  1st.  At  a  meeting  of  the  hunt  held  this  day,  John  Nash,  esq. 
was  unanimously  admitted  a  member. 

In  pursuance  of  the  resolution  of  3rd  November,  Captain  Porter  has  named  his 
horse  "  Marquis  "  to  run  for  the  cup. 

December  6th.  Mr.  William  Purcell  has  challenged  the  cup,  and  named  his  horse 
"  Messenger"  to  run  for  the  cup,  and  paid  his  deposit  to  Mr.  Atkins  as  president. 

Friday,  26th  December,  1806.  John  Hennessey,  Henry  Langley,  Edward  Riordan, 
esqrs.,  were  unanimously  admitted. 

Resolved — That  the  Duhallow  Hunt  Cup  having  been,  conformably  to  the  resolution 
of  the  hunt  on  the  3rd  day  of  November  last,  challenged  on  the  1st  day  of  this  month 
by  Henry  Porter,  esq.,  observing  the  rules  ordained  for  that  purpose,  and  the  challenge 
having  been  left  open  for  the  entire  of  the  week  during  which  the  club  was  to  have 
met,  and  William  Purcell,  esq.,  having  been  the  only  challenger,  it  is  the  unanimous 
opinion  of  the  hunt  that  all  further  challenge  is  for  the  present  precluded,  and  that  the 
treasurer  be  requested  forthwith  to  claim  the  cup  for  Mr.  Newsom  as  the  property  of 
the  club,  and  to  await  the  result  of  the  present  challenge. 

Tuesday,  Septe7nber  29th,  1807.  Horace  Townsend,  Edmond  Morrogh,  and  Thomas 
G.  French,  esqrs.,  are  unanimously  admitted. 


Treasurer  of  the  Duhallow  Hunt  Club.  Dr. 
To  Subscriptions  received  for  the  year  commencing  1st  November,  1804. 
[Here  follow  the  names  of  32  members,  each  paying  £2  5s.  6d.    Total,  £72  16s.] 

Subscriptions  received  for  the  year  commencing  1st  November,  1805. 

Amount  of  subscriptions  to  the  old  club    .  . 




Hon.  Richard  Hare 

. .  22 



Hon.  Hayes  St.  Leger  . . 

.  .  22 



Hon.  William  Hare 




Robert  De  la  Cour 

. .  11 



James  Baggs 




Doctor  Galway 




Brook  Brazier  .  . 










Nov.  5. 

By  cash 

paid  in  part  of  Carmichael's  bill 



„  16. 

m  Do. 

for  advertisements  to  the  Cork  M.  Chronicle 





Mar.  18. 

„  Do. 

for  two  members'  dinners  to  Carmichael  .  . 




„  21. 

„  Do. 

for    advertisements    to    the  Mercantile 





April  14. 

„  Do. 

to  Guiry,  earthstopper.  . 




,,  21. 

„  Do. 

for  one  hundred  circular  letters.  . 




„  28. 

„  Do. 

to  Howlahan,  earthstopper 




May  1. 

„  Do. 

Mr.  Wrixon's  draft  to          ,  earthstopper 




i)  14- 

„  Do. 

to  James  Connell,  a  year's  rent  of  Ballybeg 




„  16. 

i,  Do. 

to  William  Linahan,  earthstopper 




„  Do. 

to  Deloohery  for  Tullig  break 




M  SO- 

„  Do. 

to  William  Reddane,  earthstopper 




11  Do. 

for  advertisement  to  the  Cork  Evening  Post 




»  31. 

.,  Do. 

to  Arthur  O'Keeffe  for  Regan's  break 




„  Do. 

to  Philip  Foley,  earthstopper 




June  2. 

„  Do. 

a  second  draft  to  Arthur  Keeffe 




„  Do. 

to  James  Coghlan  for  Ballybeg 




Oct.  26. 

„  Do. 

for    advertisement    to    the  Mercantile 





74    6  5 

Balance  in  the  Treasurer's  hands         ..  ..    83  15  10 

2  3 

The  club  was  furnished  with  a  counterpart  of  the  above  account  on  nth  of  Nov.,  1805. 

Robert  De  la  Cour,  Treasurer. 

1805.        Treasurer  of  the  Duhallow  Hunt  Club.  Dr. 
Nov.    4.    To  balance  of  last  account       .  .  .  .  .  .  ^83  15  10 

Dec.    3.      „  A  subscription  from  Simon  P.  Davis  ..      5  13  9 

23.      ,,  Do.  from  Joseph  D.  Freeman        ..     n    7  6 

„  Do.  from  Dr.  Norcott      .  .  .  .  5139 






To  a  Subscription  from  Edward  Lysaght 






Do.          from  Henry  Porter    .  . 






Do.          from  Ralph  YVcstrop 

1 1 








Balance  due  to  the  Treasurer  on  this  account 






The  club  was  furnished  with  a  counterpart  of  this  account  on  the  3rd  of  Nov., 


De  la  Cou 






By  cash  for  Mr.  Wrixon's  draft  to  Mr.  Glover  for 

the  cover  at  Glover's  Glin 





Do.  for  do.  to  Peter  Tyrrel  for  the  Hound  Tax 




,,  Do.  for  do.  to  William  Guiry  for  earthstopping 





T  „  „ 



,,  Do.  to  James  Glover  for  the  rent  of  Ballybeg.  . 




Do.  to  the  Widow  Hartnett  for  part  of  do. 






,.,  Do.  to  John  Kennedy  for  earthstopping 





,,  Do.  to  William  Reddane  for    do.    .  . 






Do.  for  advertisements  to  the  Cork  Mercantile 






, ,  Do.  to  T.  Conoll  for  earthstopping  at  Kilcoleman 




„  Do.  to  Darby  Shea  for  do.  at  Castlepark 



'  2 

Do.  to  Coffree  for  do.  at  Carrigathereham 




Do.  to  Howlahan  for  do.  at  Clogheen 






Do.  to  James  Coghlan  for  do.  at  Ballibeg 




,,  Do.  to  J.  G.  Cookery  for  Tullig  break  for  1785 

and  1786 




Do.  to  P.  Shea  for  fencing  at  Grange,  etc.,  etc. 




„  Do.  to  Keeffe  for  Regan's  break 




,,  Do.  to  Denis  Sullivan  for  earthstopping 






,,  Do.  for  earthstopping  at  Poulnaraha 




,,  Do.  to  P.  Sheean  for  fencing  at  Grange,  etc  .  . 





,,  Do.  to  Drake  for  earthstopping 





Do.  to  Linahan  for  do. 






,,  Do.  to  Blakeney  for  do. 




,,  Do.  to  P.  Dawley  for  do.    .  . 



,,  Do.  to  Leveney  for  do. 



,,  Do.  to  James  Glover  for  Carrig  covers 




,,  Do.  to         do.          for  earthstopping 



,,  Do.  to  Hartnedy  for  earthstopping 





,,  Do.  to  John  Clear  for  do.  at  Shanballymore  .  . 






„  Do.  for  advertising  meeting  of  29th  Sept.  last 




£i55    4  6 


Treasurer  of  the  Duhallow  Hunt  Club.  Dr. 
To  Subscriptions  received  for  the  year  commencing  1st  of  November,  1806. 
[Here  follows  a  list  of  29  members,  each  paying  ^3  8s.  3d.,  and  one  (Jos.  D.  Freeman) 
paying  £\\  7s.  6d. ;  and  an  item  of  ^22  15s.  cash  restored  by  William  Bullen  of  his 

Total  ..  ..  ..  ..  ^133    1  9 

Balance  due  to  R.  D.  . .  . .  .  .  3    3  3 







Nov.  3. 

By  balance  of  last  account 



.;  25. 

,,  cash  to  Peter  Tyrrell  for  Hound  Tax.  . 




Deer.  8. 

,,  Do.  to  Patrick  Sheean  for  fencing  at  Grange 

and  Kilmaclenin 


1 1 


„  II. 

,,  Do.  to  David  Finn  for  half-a-year's  rent  of  the 

new  cover  at  Kilmaclenin 




„  Do.  to  Widow  Hartnett  on  account  of  rent  for 

the  covers  at  Grange  .  . 




a  15. 

Do.  to  William  Guiry,  earthstopper  .  . 




a  26. 

Do.  to  John  Carmichael  for  balance  of  the 

dinner  bill  of  1st  inst. .  . 




,,  Do.  to  do.  for  do.  of  this  day 





Jan.  17. 

„  Do.  to  Mr.  Glover  for  one  year's  rent  of  the 

cover  at  Glover's  Glin 




,,  Do.  for  Mm.  Wrixon's  acceptance  of  Jer.  Hore's 

bill  for  one  year's  rent  of  Ballybeg  Glin, 

due  29th  September  last 




Feb.  2. 

,,  Do.  to  J.  W.  Wrixon  for  ploughing  the  new 

cover  at  Kilmaclenin  .  . 




Mar.  4. 

,,  Do.  to  the  Cork  Mercantile  Chro?iicle 




Aug.  28. 

,,  Do.  to  the  Cork  Evening  Post 




£136    5  o 

List  of  the  Subscribers  to  the  Duhallow  Hu?it  who  have  paid  their  Subscriptions  for 
the  year  commencing  29th  Sept.,  1807. 
[Here  follows  a  list  of  22  members,  each  paying  ^3  8s.  3d.,  and  one,  as  before, 
Paying  ^11  7s.  6d.,  and  an  odd  sum  of  5s.;  total  of  whole  being  ^86  14s.] 

Contra.  Cr. 

An  Account  of  money  expended  by  the  Treasurer  for  the  year  commencing 
29th  September,  1807. 


Sep.   29.    Paid  dinner  for  twelve  at  Carmichael's  ..  . .  ^1  19  o 

Oct.     4.      ,,    By  order  of  William  Wrixon,  esq.  . .  ..  383 

Nov.     2.      „    Dinner  for  ten  at  Carmichael's  ..  ..      1  12  6 

„    For  a  new  club  book       ..  ..  ..     o  12  o 


Paid  Carniichacl  Cor  a  bottle  wine,  omitted  to  be 

charged  in  the  bill  of  the  4th  November  . 






Widow  llartnett,  per  order  of  Win.  Wrixon,  esq. 






Paid  Tyrell  (Hearth  ?),  per  order  Col.  Wrixon 




1 1. 

„    David  Finn,  per  order  Col.  Wrixon 




John  Gregg,  per  order  Col.  Wrixon 






,,    A  messenger  going  to  Cork  with  advert. 




i » 


By  order  of  Col.  Wrixon 






By  order  of  Do.  to  a  Carrig  earthstopper 




£75  19  3s 

29/  September,  1808.    William  Beecher,  president. 

James  Cotter,    \  Answered  for  by    R.  D.  L.  Cour. 

Arthur  J.  Creagh,  „  E.  Lysaght. 

Geo.  Crofts,  „  J.  Freeman. 

Geo.  Purcell,  ,,  A.  Bastable. 

unanimously  admitted  by  ballot. 

Members  present — W.  W.  Beecher,  R.  De  La  Cour,  Richard  Hare,  Jo.  Freeman, 
John  Wrixon,  John  Barry,  Richard  Newson,  John  Nash,  Ed.  Riordan,  A.  Bastable, 
E.  Lysaght,  George  Bruce. 

Robert  De  La  Cour  appointed  treasurer  for  this  year. 

November  14th,  1808.    John  Nicholas  Wrixon,  esq.,  president. 

Members  present — John  N.  Wrixon,  W.  Wrixon  Becher,  Henry  Porter,  Dr.  Barry, 
Ed.  Reardon,  Nicholas  Wrixon,  John  Lysaght,  Richard  H.  Purcell,  William  Purcell, 
James  W\  Glover,  John  M.  Wrixon,  Ed.  Lombard. 

The  president  appointed  Ed.  Lombard,  esq.,  to  be  president  the  next  day. 

November  i6tk.    Thomas  Glover  and  James  O'Mullane  unanimously  admitted. 

Members  present — William  Wrixon,  John  Wrixon  N.,  Nicholas  Wrixon,  John 
Wrixon  M.,  William  Purcell,  Richard  P.  Harris,  John  Lysaght,  Ed.  Lysaght,  J.  P. 
Glover,  Ed.  Reardon. 

November  igtk,  1808.    Edmond  Lombard,  esq.,  president. 

Members  present— Ed.  Lombard,  Robert  De  La  Cour,  James  Baggs,  William 
Wrixon  Becher,  Henry  Porter,  John  Hennessey,  John  M.  Wrixon. 

The  president  appointed  H.  Porter,  esq,,  to  be  vice-president  the  next  meeting  day. 

The  following  resolution  was  entered  into  the  above  day  : — Resolved — "  That  in 
order  to  obviate  any  future  mistake  to  the  challenging  of  the  Duhallow  Hunt  Cup,  the 
same  shall    ..."  (not  completed). 

The  cup  was  challenged  by  Ed.  Lombard,  esq.,  in  conformity  with  the  above  reso- 
lution, to  be  run  for  at  the  next  Mallow  meeting.    Horses,  etc.,  to  carry  twelve  stone. 

(End  of  Minute  Book). 

[Having  been  informed  by  gentlemen  in  the  Duhallow  country  that  long  prior  to  A.D. 
1800,  the  hunt  was  known  as  "  The  Castlecor  Chace  ;"  and  having  been  told  by  one  that  he 
had  somewhere  seen  a  silver  button  bearing  this  device,  I  mentioned  it  to  others,  and  among 
them  to  William  Norton  Barry,  esq,,  the  hospitable  owner  of  Castlecor,  who  up  till  1893  was 
the  well-known  and  popular  master  of  the  pack,  and  he  most  kindly  lent  me  the  two  buttons 
which  are  here  engraved  the  full  size.  Both  are  of  solid  silver,  and  are  parcel  gilt.  One  has 
engraved  upon  a  ribbon,  which  is  gold  upon  a  silver  ground,  "The  Castlecor  Chace."  Its 
companion  has  a  stag  in  full  chase,  with  antlered  head  thrown  back,  within  a  wreath,  inscribed 
"  The  Castlecor  Chace,"  all  gilt,  upon  a  silver  groundwork.  These  are  the  first  examples  of 
parcel-gilt  hunting  buttons  that  we  have  met  with.    They  have  additional  local  interest  in 


having  the  stamps  of  the  Cork  Guild  of  Goldsmiths,  which  are  well  marked  upon  the  back  of 
each,  viz.,  the  Cork  town  mark  of  |  STERLING  |  and  |  I.  H.  |  the  maker's  stamp  for  John 
Hillery,  who  flourished  in  1752  ("  The  Goldsmiths  of  Cork,"  by  Cecil  Crawford  Woods. 
Journal  of  the  U.S.A. I.,  September,  1895),  so  that  we  may  reasonably  infer  that  these 
buttons,  possibly  the  only  memorials  that  remain  of  this  sporting  pack,  are  a  century  and  a  half 
at  Castlecor.  To  further  illustrate  this,  I  am  enabled  by  the  courtesy  of  Lieutenant  Hans  Fell 
White.,  R.N.,  the  hon.  secretary  of  the  Duhallows,  to  engrave  the  gilt  button  of  the  hunt  as 
worn  in  the  early  part  of  the  present  century. 

I  have  also  seen  another  silver  button  of  this  club  with  the  "sterling"  mark.  It  is  one 
of  a  set,  and  belongs  to  a  member  of  the  hunt  whose  family  have  been  associated  with  it  since 
its  foundation.  It  has  engraved  upon  it  a  fox,  with  "Duhallow,"  and  the  date  "  1800."  The 
shank  of  the  button  has  been  repaired,  and  the  solder  has  filled  up  the  stamp  with  the  maker's 
name,  leaving  only  the  first  and  last  letters  visible.  These  are  "T  .  .  .  N,"  probably 
for  Thomas  Harman,  who  was  admitted  a  freeman  in  1786. — R.  Day.] 

Oie  5acre^  ^ree  °J  Clenor. 


N  the  November  number  of  the  Cork  Historical  and 
Archceo logical  Journal  for  1894,  Mr.  Coleman  inquired 
if  the  Sacred  Tree  in  the  parish  of  Clenor  was  still 
extant.  As  I  live  in  the  neighbourhood,  I  should 
have  informed  Mr.  Coleman  long  ere  this  that  the 
tree,  or  as  it  is  generally  known,  the  Crann  a  hulla, 
is  still  living ;  but  I  waited  until  I  could  get  it 
photographed,  which  was  kindly  done  by  Major  Grove  White,  of 
Kilbyrne,  Doneraile. 

The  Crann  a  hulla  stands  alone  on  the  back  of  a  fence  on  the  road 
side,  in  the  townland  of  Annakissy,  about  two  miles  south-east  of 


Doncrailc.  It  is  a  stunted  ash,  growing  on  poor  soil,  and  in  a  lofty  bleak 
situation.  I  had  the  opinion  of  a  skilled  Scottish  forester  on  its  age,  and 
he  (Mr.  Mitchell,  manager  of  the  Doncrailc  saw  mills)  gave  it  as  his 
opinion  that  it  could  not  be  under  three  hundred  years  old.  I  mentioned 
to  him  that  the  saint  whose  name  it  commemorated  must  have  lived 
upwards  of  a  thousand  years  ago,  and  I  asked  him  how  could  he  account 
for  an  ash,  which  is  not  the  longest-lived  species  of  tree,  holding  its 
vitality  for  that  period  ;  and  his  reply  was  that  a  seedling  or  off-shoot 
from  the  parent  tree  may  grow  up  alongside,  and  in  time  replace  it. 
However  this  may  be,  the  tree  is  still  there  ;  and  although  it  is  un- 
protected, and  fuel  must  have  been  exceedingly  scarce  in  the  locality,  no 
turf  bog  being  nearer  than  seven  or  eight  miles,  still  as  much  as  a  branch 
of  it  was  never  lopped  off  for  any  purpose,  which  plainly  proves  the 
veneration  in  which  it  was  held,  due  to  the  beautiful  legend  which  has 
been  handed  down  with  it.  The  legend  runs  thus  : — In  the  early 
Christian  times  a  holy  family  dwelt  in  Clenor.  One  of  them  in 
particular,  Craebhnat  (Cranat),  was  singularly  beautiful ;  and,  although 
she  sought  retirement,  her  pulchritude  was  spoken  of  far  and  near.  At 
last  it  reached  the  ears  of  the  young  Prince  of  Munster,  and  he,  in  order 
to  satisfy  himself  as  to  the  truth  of  the  reports,  came  in  disguise,  and 
watched  until  he  saw  her  going  to  pray  at  the  neighouring  church.  He 
then  felt  she  was  far  beyond  all  his  fancy  painted  her.  He  suddenly 
felt  he  was  her  slave,  and  of  all  earthly  things  to  gain  her  love  was  what 
he  prized  most.  He  approached  her  ;  she  avoided  him.  He  sent  her 
presents  ;  they  were  returned.  He  tried  diplomacy  ;  it  failed.  He  then 
tried  threats  to  her  parents,  but  all  to  no  effect.  She  had  made  a  vow  to 
Brigid  that  she  would  lead  the  life  of  a  religieuse,  and  this  vow  she  would 
keep  inviolate  to  death.  The  prince  sickened  and  pined  ;  no  longer  did 
he  take  pleasure  in  the  chase,  nor  did  he  lead  his  followers,  as  was  his 
wont,  into  the  front  of  battle  against  his  enemies.  His  friends  became 
very  sad,  and  held  a  council  ;  and  the  resolution  they  came  to,  if  the  life 
of  the  prince  was  to  be  saved,  was  to  seize  on  Craebhnat,  convey  her  to 
the  royal  brugh,  and  insist  on  her  giving  her  hand  in  wedlock  to  him. 
Accordingly  a  cavalcade  was  mustered  for  that  purpose,  and  they  re- 
paired to  Clenor,  laid  hands  on  the  fair  one,  and  regardless  of  her  tears 
made  her  their  captive.  But  the  virgin  was  not  to  be  put  off  her  purpose. 
She  had  one  resource  still,  and  that  was  to  deform  her  person.  Her 
beauty  was  the  cause  of  all  her  trouble,  that  she  should  destroy  ;  so  with 
a  firm  resolve  she  put  out  one  of  her  eyes,  and  where  it  fell  up  sprung 
the  ash-tree,  which  from  that  date  to  the  present  marks  the  spot  where 
holy  Craebhnat  made  such  a  sacrifice  for  the  faith  that  was  in  her.  The 
prince  seeing  what  happened,  and  looking  at  her  charming  features 



covered  with  blood,  and  one  of  those  eyes  through  whose  depths  he 
thought  he  could  see  his  earthly  paradise,  plucked  out,  felt  his  hopes 
were  blighted.  He  ordered  the  virgin  to  be  restored  to  her  parents,  and 
he  left  for  home  a  broken-hearted  man. 

The  Catholic  church  of  Clenor  was  dedicated  to  St.  Craebhnat  about 
thirty-three  years  ago,  by  the  Most  Rev.  Dr.  Keane,  bishop  of  Cloyne. 
A  pattern  used  to  be  held  some  years  ago  at  St.  Craebhnat's  well,  the 
day  being  March  9th,  but  on  account  of  some  improprieties  the  parish 
priest  caused  it  to  be  discontinued 

Tradition  states  that  Craebhnat  had  two  brothers,  or  a  brother  and  a 
sister,  who  devoted  themselves  to  the  service  of  God.  One  was  Breanat, 
the  patron  of  Wallstown,  in  whose  honour  a  holy  well  is  still  largely 
patronised.  Some  scholars  translate  Breanat  as  St.  Bernard,  but  on 
looking  over  Mr.  Laurence  Ginnell's  "  Gaelic  Personal  Names,"  in  the 
New  Ireland  Review  for  November,  1894,  I  find  he  gives  Breacnat  as  a 
woman's  name.  The  other  was  called  Nicholas,  and  the  well  dedicated 
to  him  is  situated  near  Monaminy  Castle  ;  but  on  looking  over 
Mr.  Ginnell's  list,  I  do  not  find  any  mention  of  that  name.  The  next 
approaching  it  is  Neassan,  with  the  feminine  Neassa.  I  should  like  to 
have  the  opinion  of  hagiologists  on  these  questions.    I  should  also  like 



to  know  from  those  capable  of  giving  an  opinion  why  the  term  "  hullav 
was  applied  to  the  tree  which  forms  the  subject  matter  of  these  notes.(,) 

There  was  another  tree  sacred  to  Craebhnat,  which  stood  in  the 
townland  of  Killura  (from  Callurach,  "a  disused  burial  place,"  Joyce), 
but  the  treatment  it  received  was  quite  different  from  that  accorded  to 
the  Crann  a  Jialla  ;  for  the  legend  attached  to  the  Killura  tree  was  that 
no  one  could  be  drowned  who  was  in  possession  of  the  least  portion  of 
it.  Accordingly,  emigrants  far  and  near  provided  themselves  with  chips 
of  it,  until  at  last  it  disappeared  entirely,  which  occurred  about  thirty 
years  ago.  I  have  not  heard  how  the  legend  arose  that  this  tree 
possessed  those  life-saving  powers,  but  it  is  very  probable  that  St. 
Craebhnat  had  some  extraordinary  escape  from  drowning,  or  else  rescued 
some  drowning  person. 

That  the  church  at  Clenore  was  an  ancient  one,  we  find  by  the 
taxation  of  Pope  Nicholas,  in  1291,  Capella  de  Clenwyr  was  valued  five 
marks.  In  the  Book  of  Lismore  it  is  also  referred  to  as  "  an  ancient 
burial  place." 

The  Protestant  church  at  Clenor  was  built  in  181 3,  and  was  sold  in 
1887.  The  walls  and  square  tower  still  remain.  The  inscription  on  the 
solid  silver  cup  and  paten  belonging  to  the  church  was  as  follows  : — 


D.  D.  D. 

Clenore,  or  as  it  was  also  called  Clonore,  means,  most  probably, 
"  moist  meadow."  The  name  is  most  appropriate,  for  the  land  surround- 
ing the  church  is  very  moist  indeed. 

00  Dr.  Joyce,  in  his  Irish  Names  of  Places,  defines  ulla  as  an  altar  tomb  or 
penitential  station;  but  I  know  some  old  Irish  speaking  people  who  used  to  say  the 
term  was  derived  from  ulla,  chrism  or  unchin. 


Che  T^ise  and  "progress  in  jMunster  of  the 
Rebellion,  1642. 

(From  a  Manuscript  in  the  British  Museum.) 

Edited  by  HERBERT  WEBB  GILLMAN,  B.L.,  Vice-President, 

T  was  given  out  that  the  rebels,  during  their  being  at 
Moyalloe,  hanged  one  Maguire,an  English  minister,and 
another  Florence  Quin,  a  native  Protestant,  which  they 
brought  with  them  from  Kilmallock,  in  a  glen  near  the 
town  ;  the  truth  of  which  was  confirmed,  as  there 
were  two  such  men  afterwards  found  thrown  into  a 
ditch,  with  a  little  earth  scraped  on  them,  which  had 
been  hanged  on  a  willow  growing  on  a  bank  on  the  ditch.  Moreover, 
to  the  intent  that  these  vain  men  might  build  trophies  to  their  glory, 
they  made  laws  (the  only  badge  of  conquest),  ecclesiastical  and  civil, 
as — the  reduction  of  all  abbeys  and  impropriations  which  had  devolved 
to  the  Crown  in  the  thirty-two  years  of  Henry  VIII.,  to  their  former  use 
and  jurisdiction  ;  the  settling  of  all  spiritual  livings,  not  impropriate,  on 
their  priests  and  churchmen  ;  and  that  whosoever  shall  protect  any 
Englishman's  person  or  goods,  and  not  discover  them,  shall  incur  the 
same  prejudice  as  the  Englishman  himself  is  obnoxious  to  ;  and, 
amongst  others,  the  rule  was  that,  where  any  Englishman  had  any 
lands  of  inheritance,  he  should  be  expelled  from  them  ;  and  that  he 
or  his  heir,  of  the  Irish,  from  whom  the  land  was  originally  deduced, 
should  re-enter  into  possession  thereof.  And  from  this  principle  there 
grew  at  Moyalloe  a  hot  discourse  between  the  Lord  Roche  and 
McDonogh  (like  ^Esop's  two  dogs  about  a  bone),  which  of  them  should 
have  and  enjoy  the  town  of  Moyalloe  ;  whereunto  the  lord's  pretence 
was  that  it  was  situated  within  his  barony  of  Fermoy,  whereof  his 
viscountship  takes  his  denomination,  and  therefore  it  ought  to  belong 
to  him  (but,  by  his  lordship's  favour,  it  was  never  of  that  barony). 
McDonogh's  title  was,  that  he  being  lord  of  the  barony  of  Duhalla,(l) 
this  being  called  Moyalloe,  by  the  "  ancient  ethniologie  and  con- 
gruitie  "  of  the  two  words,  it  must  needs  belong  to  him,  though  all 

(J)  Duhallow,  Duthaigh-eallo  (Doohy-alla),  "the  district  of  the  river  Alio  ;"  Mallow, 
Magh-ealla  (Moyalla,  Four  Masters),  the  plain  of  the  river  Alio."— Joyce. 



the  world  knows  that  Moyalloc  did  anciently  belong  to  the  Karl  of 
Desmond,  of  the  family  of  the  Gcraldines,  "  an  exempt  and  privileged 
place,"  situate  between  the  baronies  of  Ecrmoy  and  Duhalla,  and  devolved 
to  the  Crown  about  fifty-six  years  since,  by  the  attainder  of  the  said 
Earl  and  his  complices,  by  Act  of  Parliament. 

The  conclusion  is  that,  if  but  one  thousand  men  had  been  landed  in 
Munster  from  England  before  the  enemy  came  into  county  Cork — which 
was  at  least  three  months  after  beginning  of  the  Rebellion — those  of  the 
county  Cork  would  not  have  revolted  to  this  hour.  Those  in  England  who 
did  procrastinate  sending  succour  must  needs  own  to  themselves  the 
loss  of  many  thousand  souls,  put  into  an  unavoidable  condition  of 
perishing ;  and  the  addition  of  increased  charge  in  regaining  so 
populous  a  country  now  in  rebellion  against  the  Crown,  which  in  all 
likelihood  might  have  proved  auxiliary  to  the  same. 

If  any  be  offended  at  this  language  of  acrimony,  I  beseech  him  to 
consider  that  it  proceeds  from  a  granted  liberty  to  a  losing  speaker, 
who  hath  been  a  pinching  sufferer  in  this  prosecution,  and  is  now- 
declined,  disfriended,  and  precipitated  from  a  cheerful  condition  of 
prosperity  and  reputation  to  a  despicable  existence  of  misery  and 
contempt  ;  and  who  desires  with  all  humility  to  inquire  after  the 
efficient  cause  of  these  distempers,  which  may  be  easily  discerned  to 
arise  from  a  Divine  Power,  who  most  justly  hath  caused  the  wanton 
English*2)  of  this  kingdom  to  drink  deeply  of  this  cup  of  desolation,  for 
their  flying  into  excess  in  all  degrees  of  irreligion  in  all  duties,  of 
ingratitude  for  all  favours,  and  for  uncharitableness  and  dissension  one 
towards  another.  It  is  to  be  feared  this  heavy  hand  will  hold  on  them 
till  they  shall  expiate  the  indignation  of  the  Supreme  power  by  their 

This  action  of  the  Irish  with  the  English  the  native  actors  resolve 
to  be  requisite  and  full  of  sanctimony,  as  appears  by  a  relation  made  in 
my  presence  to  a  nobleman  of  great  esteem  of  the  English  party  in  this 
province,  by  an  Irish  gentleman  of  the  Romish  religion,  who  affirmed 
that  the  priests,  being  commanded  by  their  superiors  to  prepare  the  laity 
to  assist  in  the  design  to  eradicate  the  English,  did  swear  and  take  his 
oath  on  his  book  of  Pius  Quintus  in  the  audience  of  all  the  congregation 
at  a  public  mass,  that  their  ruin  and  destruction  by  fire  and  sword  was 
determined  in  England  if  they  would  not  turn  Protestants  and  go  to 
church,  and  that  those  who  had  undertaken  this  common  Catholic  cause 

00  The  admission  contained  in  this  passage  (which  in  the  above  is  condensed 
from  the  MS.),  is  remarkable  as  coming  from  a  writer  who  elsewhere  shows  his 
political  opinions  very  openly.  It  supports  the  idea  also  that  the  writer  was 
a  clergyman. 


had  a  good  commission  (3)  and  authority  for  so  doing  from  the  King 
and  Queen  of  England,  and  whosoever  should  lose  his  life  in  this  holy 
war  should  go  immediately  to  Heaven  and  escape  pains  of  purgatory. 

But  I  must  take  my  leave  of  poor  Moyalloe,  to  whom  I  acknowledge 
so  much  endearment,  that  rather  than  suffer  her  desolation  to  pass 
without  tears  I  would  choose  to  want  them  at  mine  own  funeral.  I 
desire  to  prevail  on  the  reader  to  take  a  benign  cognizance  of  the  pro- 
prietor and  the  place.  That  which  concerns  the  proprietor  shall  be 
personal,  and  relate  to  grandfather,  his  father  and  kinsfolk.  The  first  (4) 
(whose  family  name,  should  I  mention  it,  would  put  the  rebels  in  hazard 
of  running  away)  was  Governor  and  President  of  the  Province  of 
Munster  under  Queen  Elizabeth,  and  in  that  employment  did  attain  to 
a  glorious  death.  He  was  both  good  and  just  to  the  natives  in  that 
charge  ;  he  was  the  noblest  friend  to  the  now  Lord  Roche's  father,  and 
in  realities  of  such  importance  that  both  his  lands  and  life  might  be 
concerned  therein  ;  and  as  for  O'Callaghans  it  is  notorious  that  his  favour, 
and  merely  that  which  he  might  have  left  undone  with  as  much  justice 
as  done  it,  put  this  sinister (s)  family  of  the  Callaghans  first  into  a  consi- 
derable place  and  part  of  the  county,  by  means  whereof  they  have  in 
time  wrested  out  of  the  right  line  and  gotten  the  whole  Pobble  to  them- 
selves, "  consisting  of  more  than  20  plo.  lands,"  whereof,  it  is  believed, 
they  would  never  have  gotten  one  but  by  that  introduction.  Lastly,  the 
meanness  of  his  estate,  both  personal  and  hereditary,  and  the  exigence 
of  his  revenue,  deliver  plain  testimony  that  he  employed  himself  about 
something  else  than  in  providing  for  posterity  by  pilling  the  country 
and  grasping  possessions  of  the  native  lands.  But  the  very  place  (of 
Moyalloe)  came  to  him  by  purchase  from  the  first  or  second  hand  of 
those  who  first  gained  it  from  the  Crown.  The  second  spent  much  of 
his  time  here  as  a  servitor  in  Tyrone's  wars,  having  the  command  of  a 
troop  of  horse  and  some  other  part  of  it  in  time  of  peace  at  Moyalloe, 
where  he  was  found  to  be  so  plentiful  in  all  kinds  of  goodness  and  justice 

(3)  It  is  very  significant  how  often  this  positive  assertion  of  a  Commission  from 
King  Charles  I.  appears  in  original  documents  relating  to  this  period. 

(4)  Sir  Thomas  Norris,  Lord  President  of  Munster,  whose  daughter  and  heiress 
married  Sir  John  Jephson,  mentioned  as  "second"  below. 

(5)  If  "  sinister"  refers  to  a  "  bar  sinister  "  the  writer  is,  I  believe,  mistaken  ;  but  the 
pedigree  and  history  of  the  chief  of  Pobul  I.  Callaghan  show  that  the  chieftainship 
was,  by  a  "  surrender  and  regrant,"  diverted  from  the  true  tanist  descent.  The  fiants 
relating  to  that  act  of  surrender  are  No.  5903  and  5908  of  2nd  and  6th  December, 
1594.  The  boundaries  of  the  territory  are  thus  stated,  therein  : — "  From  Glanda 
Ieyghe  and  Molyne  hitrynnane  on  the  west  to  the  water  of  Clyedagh,  Beamy  ny 
mohir,  Beamy  Inclynowe  on  the  east,  and  from  Portidieih  and  Bear  Icanhin  on  the 
south  to  the  foss  of  Ballynowe  on  the  north."  The  foss  of  Ballynowe  has  been  kindly 
identified  for  me  by  Rev.  T.  Olden,  as  the  watercourse  now  called  the  Navigation.  Can 
any  reader  identify  the  places  whose  names  are  printed  in  italics  in  the  above  ? 


and  hospitality  at  all  times  and  to  all  persons,  that  the  lords  and  gentle- 
men have  often  expressed  that  there  never  lived  by  them  so  noble  a 
neighbour,  of  whom,  it  may  be  said,  that  he  never  got  one  foot  of  land 
of  the  natives  ;  whereof  he  might  have  had  plenty  and  for  the  asking, 
having  been  present  at  the  "  very  divident  "  of  the  lands  at  the  conclusion 
of  the  troubles,  and  held  in  singular  esteem  by  the  State  and  dearly 
intimate  with  Sir  Arthur  Chichester,  then  Lord  Deputy  and  Privy 
Councillor  of  State,  for  almost  thirty  years  before  his  death.  His  Irish 
neighbours  here  had  him  and  his  virtues  in  such  affection  that,  although 
they  be  tainted,  they  retain  to  this  hour  reverent  conceit  of  him.  The 
third  having  employed  himself  for  a  year  or  two  after  his  father's  death  in 
settling  his  estate  and  affairs  in  England  and  attendance  in  Parliament, 
of  which  he  was  an  acceptable  member,  he  resolved  to  live  in  Ireland, 
and  in  September,  1641,  brought  with  him  a  family  and  wife  (a  gentle- 
woman of  honour  and  endowment),  purposing  to  spend  much  of  his  time 
at  Moyalloe,  preassuring  himself  of  all  friendly  correspondency  with  his 
native  neighbours  for  the  respect  they  all  bore  to  his  grandfather  and 
father.  And  so  they  were  apprehended  to  be  till  they  had  all  taken  that 
Jesuitical  sop  of  contagion  ;  and  thus  disloyalty  had  diffused  itself  among 
them.  But  lo  !  the  tide  turned,  and  he  saw,  in  less  than  four  months, 
combustion  instead  of  communion,  for  a  due  retribution  whereof  I  do  not 
despair,  but  hope  that  he  that  played  a  passive  part  in  this  tumultuous 
tragedy  may,  in  the  very  next  scene,  personate  the  active  and  be  a 
minister  of  revenge  for  this  perfidious  dealing  with  him,  to  the  prose- 
cution whereof  I  leave  him,  and  so  briefly  fall  to  the  next  particular, 
which  is — the  place  ;  the  persons  whereon  and  the  situation  whereof 
shall  only  be  observable  : — 

For  the  persons — my  pen  is  by  the  bitter  times  filled  so  full  of  gall 
that  it  is  indisposed  to  flattery — some  of  them,  I  must  confess,  have 
been  "  disindustruous,"  having  been  soldiers  and  sons  of  such,  so  ignorant 
of  any  other  arts  and  impatient  of  labour,  much  addicted  to  jollity  and 
good  fellowship — the  epidemical  disease  of  all  the  English  plantations  in 
this  kingdom.  Other  some  who  have  applied  themselves  solicitously  to 
trades,  occupations  and  manufactures,  have  thrived  well  and  attained 
much  wealth  in  a  short  time.  However,  they  did  live  plentifully  and 
comfortable  together — a  main  reason  whereof  may  be  imputed  to  their 
affectionate  landlord's  care  over  them,  so  that  they  were  always  protected 
from  oppressions  from  all  others  and  persuaded  from  contestations 
among  themselves  ;  such  as  fell  out  were  reconciled  by  arbitrament  of 
friendship  or  by  the  decree  of  the  Court  Baron,  where  the  charge  seldom 
exceeded  half-a-crown.  It  is  very  true  that  in  twenty  years  together 
there  hath  not  been  more  than  one  suit  in  law  commenced  among  them 


all  in  any  court,  but  among  themselves,  the  want  of  which  moderation 
in  other  places  where  the  English  inhabited  is  known  to  have  been  the 
ruin  of  many  families.  The  natives  got  much  money  yearly  about 
Moyalloe  from  the  English  for  wood,  timber,  carriage  work,  cloth,  flesh, 
corn,  etc.,  with  which  they  paid  their  lord's  rents  and  other  duties,  which 
was  of  such  necessity  to  them  that  the  common  sort  of  people  had 
starved  without  it.  Besides,  the  chief  lords  and  gentlemen  thereabouts, 
who  were  always  "  prodigally  indigent "  in  money  matters,  whenever 
they  had  to  go  to  Dublin  about  lawsuits  (wherein  they  were  plentifully 
furnished),  did  commonly  supply  themselves  either  by  some  contract  or 
on  interest  or  courtesy  out  of  the  town,  so  that  now  there  are  few  of  them 
not  indebted  to  some  English  of  that  poor  place,  which  [before]  had  been 
the  greatest  thoroughfare  in  the  province.  And  by  reason  of  a  populous 
and  well  frequented  market,  kept  weekly — which  the  abundance  of 
English  families  living  near  it  caused  a  great  concourse  of  people  and 
trade  there — it  is  known  that  between  "  Alhollontide  "  and  Christmas 
there  were  not  less  than  one  hundred  fat  beeves  killed  and  sold  weekly, 
it  being  usual  that  a  butcher  did  vend  twenty  beeves  every  week.  He 
that  should  have  seen  what  a  numerous  and  heaped  congregation  there 
came  to  the  church  every  Sabbath  (where  they  received  holy  instruction 
from  a  learned  and  vigilant  pastor),  were  very  uncharitable  not  to  grieve 
to  see  or  hear  what  rent  and  dissipation  there  is  now  made,  not  only 
among  the  people,  but  also  in  the  church  itself,  by  the  "  holy  violence  " 
and  breach  of  the  enemy. 

The  situation  Moyalloe  stands  in  a  very  pleasant  and  fruitful  soil,  with 
of  Moyalloe.  a  good  proportion  of  principal  limestone  land  about  it,  rich 
meadows,  arable  and  pasture.  At  each  end  of  it  runs  a  fine  small  river, 
on  one  side  of  it  a  "  tirranical  large  river "  called  the  Blackwater,  but 
more  truly  the  Broadwater,  plentiful  in  as  good  salmon  as  can  be  in  the 
world,  along  which  a  trade  is  lately  settled  by  boats  of  three  or  four 
tons  burthen  for  carrying  goods  between  Moyalloe  and  Youghal  (of 
which  device  <6>  the  Lord  President,  when  living  there,  was  the  first 
inventor),  which  was  of  principal  good  use,  especially  in  winter,  when 
the  ways  are  foul  and  land  carriage  not  easy  to  get.  The  situation  is 
also  itself  well  accommodated  with  woods,  while  there  is  a  great  store  of 
wood  and  timber  also  out  of  O'Callaghan's  country  mearing  with  it, 
which  is  a  rare  commodity  in  most  parts  of  Ireland. 
The  higher  To  the  castle,  which  for  strength  and  beauty  is  inferior 

to  few  in  the  kingdom,  doth  belong  a  fair  and  large 

(6)  This  refers,  I  think,  to  the  foss  of  Ballynowe  or  the  Navigation,  mentioned  in 
note  5. 


demesne,  two  pigeon  houses,  a  concygcerc,  (7>  a  pleasant  and  spacious 
park,  well  impaled,  of  over  four  and  a-half  miles  circumference,  equally 
composed  of  lawns,  shecrewood,  coppices,  brakes  and  shelter,  with 
a  large  paddock  of  sixty  acres,  and  so  well  furnished  with  fallow  deer 
(and  some  red  deer  also)  that  there  would  have  been  this  next  season 
one  hundred  full  complete  bucks,  most  of  which  are  now  killed  or 
driven  thence  and  the  pale  destroyed  in  many  places.  I  am  confident 
that  for  a  house  with  the  elements  of  fire,  air,  earth  and  water  belonging 
to  it,  for  English  neighbourhood,  for  convenient  vicinity  to  the  sea,  for 
hawking  at  pheasant,  partridge,  rail,  quail,  heath-poll (8);  for  hunting  the 
hare,  deer,  fox,  otter';  for  fishing,  fowling,  "  boulinge,"  and  for  all  other 
requisites  conducing  to  pleasure  or  profit,  there  is  no  place  in  the 
kingdom  that  can  scarce  parallel  this.  I  must  conclude  the  reader 
must  be  full  of  much  obduration  if  you  commiserate  not  those  worthy 
of  consolation  of  all  the  miseries  that  war  or  revenge  shall  accumulate 
on  them. 

Part  II.  of  the  Sloane  Manuscript. 

A  true  relation  of  certain  particular  passages  between  his  Majesty's  army  and  the 
rebels  in  the  Province  of  Munster. 

The  Lord  Mountgarret,  general  of  this  invincible  army,  with  which 
he  marched  into  county  Cork,  February,  1641,  to  put  all  the  lords  and 
Mountgarret's  gentlemen  thereof  into  action  of  rebellion,  and  which  he 
army  six  days  kept  in  Moyalloe  six  days,  departed  from  them  with  all 
at  Moyalloe.  j^g  armv  jn  great  offence  on  some  difference  arising  between 
his  commanders  and  the  Lord  Roche,  McDonogh,  O'Callaghan,  and 
other  chief  gentlemen  of  that  country.  By  his  leaving  them  they  were 
beyond  measure  perplexed,  and  repented  they  had  so  "  inconsiderably  " 
revolted  at  the  instigation  of  the  general  who  had  forsaken  them,  having 
neither  men  nor  arms  to  preserve  themselves  from  any  force  that  might 
assault  them.  In  truth,  a  very  small  number  of  men  would  in  this 
desperate  condition  have  expelled  them  out  of  their  countries  ;  but  they 
had  dipped  their  fingers  so  deep  in  this  treason  that  there  was  no  hope 
or  thought  of  retractation  or  submission  for  them.  It  therefore  behoved 
them  to  summon  themselves  and  their  best  counsels  for  their  present 
security,  and  by  good  fortune  they  fell  on  an  expedient  that  wrought 
their  deliverance  for  the  present  by  their  speedy  repair  to  the  Lord  of 
Muskerry.    He  was  understood  to  stand  a  neuter  and  hold  intelligence 

(7)  A  rabbit-warren. 

(8)  Heath-powt,  a  Cumberland  word  for  black-cock — HalliwelL 


with  the  Lord  President  of  Minister,  being  then  at  Cork,  who  hoped  to 
restrain  him  ;  but  in  vain,  for  those  men  guessing  that  that  lord  would 
prove  a  very  important  man  who  would  much  advance  their  cause  if 
they  could  work  his  revolt,  laboured  by  all  means  to  effect  the  same. 
And  this  was  quickly  brought  to  pass,  partly  through  Jesuitical  power 
exercised  over  him,  partly  through  an  interest  which  some  of  the  chief 
of  the  faction  had  in  him,  and  partly  by  an  overreaching  wit  whereby 
At  the  Lord  they  circumvented  him.  Their  coming  to  him  was  to  use 
Muskerry's  the  same  measures  of  fraud  as  the  general  had  used  force 
enTe^ed^nto  to  tnem  but  a  little  before  in  gaining  them  into  their 
considerations,  accursed  confederation.  And  so  soon  as  the  Lord  Mus- 
kerry  declared  himself  very  many  chief  lords  of  countries  did  the  like, 
and  met  all  together  at  his  house,  where  they  entered  into  deep  considera- 
tion about  managing  the  intended  war  ;  and,  to  avoid  jealousies  among 
themselves  in  matter  of  superiority,  it  was  resolved  that  none  of  the  chief 

lords  and  gentlemen  should  bear  anv  office  in  the  army, 
Garrott  Barry  0  '    •  J 

chosen  general  and  to  that  purpose  they  made  choice  of  one  Garrott 

to  avoid         Barry  to  be  their  general,  who  had  long  served  under  the 

aSong°the      King  of  Spain,  and  may  be  a  good  soldier ;  but  for  a  poli- 

gentry.  tician  I  cannot  esteem  him  one,  especially  when  I  behold 

him  in  his  outward  appearance,  which  renders  him  very  homely  and 

despicable  ;  or  in  his  "  complemant,"  which  hath  not  in  it  any  symptoms  of 

courtship  ;  or  his  discourse,  which  declares  him  to  have  no  affinity  with 

Cicero  ;  or  his  action,  wherein  you  may  find  as  much  motion  as  in  a  stone 

wall.     But  after  some  scrutiny,  the  abilities  of  direction,  advice  or 

stratagem  are  found  in  him  to  the  terror  of  such  English  as  shall  have  to 

T    j     do  with  him  ;  and  for  the  more  countenance  of  the  business 
Barry,  Lord 

General ;  Mus-  he  was  called  Lord  General,  and  the  Lord  of  Muskerry 
others3  the  anc*  some  otner  Prime  and  selected  men  called  the  Council 
Council  of  of  War.  You  could  not  forbear  laughing  to  see  them 
War-  worship  this  golden  calf  with  such  reverence  that  none 

dared  speak  to  him  but  with  hat  in  hand  ;  and  this  business  being  put 
in  order  there  was  instantly  a  very  great  army  levied,  whereunto  all  the 
lords  and  gentlemen  within  twenty  miles  compass  became  "  contribu- 
tioners,"  by  sending  part  of  their  strength  towards  building  this  huge 
body  and  provisions  to  support  them  there,  and  leaving  part  behind  to 
secure  the  country  ;  so  that  in  a  time  they  got  together  a  barbarous  bulk 
of  four  thousand  men  (as  they  gave  out),  the  moiety  whereof  were  sow- 
boys,  plowboys  and  cowboys,  the  other  moiety  rebels,  traitors  and 
villains,  all  professed  servants  to  the  Devil  and  the  Pope.  These  were 
committed  to  the  disposal  of  the  Lord  General,  who  improved  their  and 
his  time  to  the  most  advantage,  undertaking  to  the  council  of  war  that 



within  a  short  time  he  would  deliver  into  their  hands  not  only  the  strong 
and  populous  city  of  Cork  (where  the  President  lay  with  near  two  thou- 
sand men),  but  the  King's  fort  also  thereto  adjoining,  where  was  great 
plenty  of  artillery,  ammunition  and  victuals,  defended  by  some  two 
hundred  soldiers  ;  so  that  there  was  none  other  discourse  now  but  the 
taking  of  Cork  and  the  fort,  which  was  to  the  townsmen  an  operation 
instead  of  Gyria  or  Pollipodium,  and  wrought  such  effects  as  to  this 
hour  it  stinks  most  abominable. 

The  General  drew  his  men  near  the  city  as  if  he  would  devour  it  in 
a  moment,  and  is  too  wise  to  let  anybody  know  whether  he  intend  to  do 
it  by  policy  or  strength,  and  having  billeted  them  some  four  or  five  miles 
compass  round  the  city  (destinated  to  his  and  their  pillage  and  fury),  he 
is  now  retired  to  his  privacy,  and  desires  all  to  leave  him — and  so  must 
About  ^ — *°  ^e   frammg   °f  ms  "  laderiscoes,  granadoes,  fire- 

beginning  of  works,  altissimoes,  batriscoes,  tormentabilia,  faculations, 
Chas\^vasor  trepidations,  penetrandulas,"  and  other  stratagems,  the 
lands  at  meaning  whereof  I  omit  for  want  of  the  words  of  art. 

Youghal  with  But  about  the  beginning  of  March,  Colonel  Vavasor, 
a  regiment  °  ° 

with  troops  of  said  to  be  a  very  gallant,  able,  and  profound  gentleman  in 
horse.  fas  own  art}  landed  at  Youghal  with  a  regiment  of  lusty 

and  well-appointed  foot,  together  with  his  own,  the  Lord  of  Dun- 
Th  L  d  garvan's,  the  Lord  Broghill's,  and  Captain  Curtnye's  troop 
President  from  of  horse.  The  Lord  President  determined  to  look  abroad, 
Cork  towards  ancj  marched  from  Cork  towards  Tallow  on  a  design 
against  some  of  Richard  Butler's  men,  whom  he  thought 
to  have  met  withal,  but  was  disappointed.  And  from  thence  he 
set  forward  towards  Dungarvan  (a  small  town  on  the  seaside, 
about  ten  miles  from  Youghal),  whither  the  Lord  President  had 
ordered  a  piece  of  artillery  to  be  brought  him  by  sea  from  Cork. 
At  his  first  coming  thither  he  took  and  pillaged  the  town,  killed  many 
of  the  people  in  it,  and  then  set  it  on  fire  ;  but  the  castle,  which  was 
very  strong  and  well  fortified  with  men  put  in  there  by  Richard  Butler, 
A  revolt  in  denied  him  entrance  ;  whereupon,  being  resolved  to  besiege 
Cork  it  and  pull  them  out  by  force,  he  received  letters  from 

suspected.  Sergeant  Major  Searle  (whom  he  had  intrusted  with  Cork 
in  his  absence)  advertising  of  some  discovery  made  by  him  that  there 
appeared  great  danger  of  a  revolt  in  the  citizens,  and  beseeching  him 
speedily  to  return  thither  to  prevent  that  mischief ;  and  of  the  revolt  and 
Castle  of  loss  whereof  the  Lord  President  was  so  sensible  that  he  was 
yieTd^Tupon  constrained  (much  against  his  nature  and  purpose)  to  give 
quarter.  those  in  the  castle  quarter,  which  they  willingly  accepted. 

And  so  leaving  a  convenient  garrison  there  of  his  own,  he  marched 


_  _  _  , .  .  with  all  haste  to  Cork  About  the  middle  of  March  the 
Lord  Inchiquin,  .  . 

and  Colonel  Lord  of  Inchiquin  and  Captain  Jephson  landed  out  of  Eng- 
Jephson  with  jand  in  Youghal  each  with  one  hundred  horse,  than  whom 
two  troops  1111  11  it, 

midst  of         no  two  men  could  have  been  more  acceptable  to  the  Lord 

March.  President.     And  yet  they  had  been  more  welcome  had 

they  brought  more  forces  with  them.  On  knowledge  of  their  being 
Mallow  and  landed,  the  Lord  President  charged  them  with  both  their 
Doneraile  troops  to  march  to  Malloe,  where  Captain  Jephson's  was  to 
garrison  .  ^e  garrisoned,  and  the  other  at  Doneraile,  both  which 
places  were  then  well  furnished  and  accommodated  for  horse  and  man. 
The  Lord  of  Inchiquin  went  by  sea  from  Youghal  to  Cork  to  visit  the 
Lord  President  and  give  him  an  account  of  their  journey  and  negotia- 
tions in  England,  and  came  thence  to  Moyalloe,  where  he  met  Captain 
Jephson,  who  had  come  with  both  the  troops  from  Youghal  about  25th 
25th  of  °f  March.   But,  before  he  alighted  from  his  horse  he  was 

March.  greeted  with  a  short  letter  subscribed  by  Lord  Roche,  the 

Earl  of  Dunboyne,  and  Richard  Butler  from  Buttevant,  directed  to  him- 
self, or  in  his  absence  to  Thomas  Betesworth  (a  servant  and  agent  of  his), 
Roche  &c  to  ^e  effect  that  the  subscribers  desired  leave  to  pass 
desire  passage  with  their  army  the  next  day  over  the  Bridge  of  Moyalloe, 
orMdfow^86  wnere  tney  promised  that  none  hurt  or  spoil  should  be 
but  resolutely  committed  to  any  people  or  goods,  concluding  they 
denied.  expected  a  present  answer  of  that  demand  ;  and  though 

the  messenger  that  brought  the  letter  told  the  captain  and  the  rest  that 
the  lords  had  vowed,  in  case  passage  were  denied  them,  to  force  their 
way  over  and  to  burn  and  destroy  the  remainder  of  Moyalloe  town,  yet 
Captain  Jephson  writ  them  a  resolute  answer,  that  he  was  now  listed  in 
the  King's  pay,  and  therefore  neither  could  nor  would  comply  with  any 
of  the  King's  enemies  in  anything  seeming  advantageous  to  them.  The 
lords  were  ill  pleased  with  this  answer,  yet  would  not  or  durst  not  march 
that  way,  but  next  day  disposed  themselves  through  Lord  Roche's 
country,  yet  within  view  of  the  town  ;  and  kept  the  highway  as  if  they 
meant  to  come  to  it,  which  invited  the  Lord  of  Inchiquin  and  Captain 
Jephson  to  prepare  for  them,  and  putting  their  troops  in  order  followed 
them  some  two  miles  in  the  Lord  Roche's  country,  in  sight  one  of 
another  ;  but  these  great  braggers  expressed  no  disposition  to  fight,  but 
marched  away  hastily,  though  their  army  consisted  of  at  least  three 
thousand,  and  the  King's  not  above  two  hundred.  It  was  supposed  by 
their  demeanour  that,  if  Lord  Inchiquin  and  Captain  Jephson  had 
charged  them  with  their  horse  (as  I  dare  say  they  would  have  done 
had  these  but  one  hundred  more),  they  might  probably  have  routed 



The  cause  of  their  coming  again  into  those  parts  (for  most  of  this 
army  were  of  those  that  were  at  the  siege  of  Moyalloe)  is  said  to  be 
that,  after  they  had  returned  home  from  that  siege,  they  had  little 
business  to  do  in  the  county  of  Tippcrary,  where  the  Baron®  of  Loghma, 
Richard  Butler,  and  the  Lord  of  Dunboyne  lived,  having  long  before 
rifled  all  the  English  there,  and  no  enemy  near  them  ;  and  yet  they 
had  a  desire  to  keep  their  men  together  in  readiness  for  all  occasions, 
which  if  they  would  have  done  resting  in  their  own  country  they  would 
have  quickly  exhausted  all  the  provision  therein  ;  wherefore  they  led 
them  from  home  with  pretence  to  assist  the  county  Cork  men  and 
the  General  in  his  pretended  siege.  But  as  they  were  marching  thereto, 
Lord  Roche,  fearing  incursions  on  him  by  Lord  Inchiquin  and  Captain 
Jcphson,  persuaded  Butler  (to  whom  the  chief  command  of  that  army 
was  intrusted)  to  lie  in  his  country  for  the  defence  thereof,  where, 
when  they  were  kept  three  or  four  days,  they  had  so  harrowed  the 
country  that  there  was  no  means  of  livelihood  left  for  them  ;  and  to 
prevent  their  mutinying  Lord  Roche  drew  them  to  Buttevant,  suggest- 
ing (as  was  true)  that  there  was  a  great  stackyard  of  corn  there  belong- 
ing to  Captain  William  Kingsmill  which  would  suffice  the  whole  army 
for  four  or  five  days,  which  moved  them  to  condescend  to  that  proposi- 
tion, for  they  were  never  out  of  their  way  when  they  could  get  victuals  ; 
and  for  this  cause  they  came  again  to  Buttevant,  and  there  stayed  till 
they  had  eaten  that  and  all  the  rest  of  the  corn  thereabouts,  and  thence 
writ  to  Captain  Jephson  about  passing  the  bridge  as  already  mentioned ; 
neither  were  they  very  conscionable  to  take  from  the  very  Irish  them- 
selves where  they  could  not  be  easily  supplied  out  of  the  English. 

(9)  To  supplement  the  scanty  information  given  in  a  previous  note,  I  have  been 
favoured  with  the  following  by  Mr.  Lyndhurst  Purcell  of  Cork,  and  Mr.  Hewson  of 
Hollywood,  county  Limerick.  The  Purcells  are  of  Norman  extraction,  the  name  being 
derived  from  the  porcelle  shown  in  their  arms.  The  first  in  Ireland  arrived  in  the  army 
of  Henry  II.,  in  1172.  About  a  century  after  Sir  Hugh  Purcell  founded  (as  Ware 
relates)  the  convent  of  Franciscan  Friars  at  Waterford.  When  James  Butler,  first 
Earl  of  Ormond,  was  authorised  as  Count  Palatine  of  Tipperary  to  create  Palatine 
Barons,  he  so  created  the  head  of  the  Loghmoe  family,  and  the  Barons  of  Loghmoe  after- 
wards intermarried  with  the  Butlers  of  Ormond  and  other  noble  families.  One  of  the 
Loghmoe  family  settled  in  Waterford,  and  left  three  sons,  one  of  whom  remained  in 
Waterford,  another  settled  in  Kilkenny,  and  a  third  in  Croagh,  county  Limerick.  Of 
this  Croagh  family  was  General  Purcell  mentioned  in  the  text,  and  Colonel  Garret 
Purcell.  Colonel  Garret  after  the  war  took  service  in  Spain,  but  returned  during  the 
Jacobite  war,  when  he  must  have  been  an  elderly  man.  The  Purcells  of  Pullen  and 
Kanturk  descend  from  a  Richard  Purcell,  who  married  into  the  Ormond  family,  and 
through  the  duke's  interest  obtained  lands  in  the  plains  of  Duhailow ;  and  this  family 
claims  the  name  of  Kanturk,  "boar's  head,"  as  being  derived  from  the  boar's  head 
shewn  in  their  arms  and  crest,  though  Smith  (bk.  ii.,  ch.  vi.)  gives  a  different,  but 
conjectural,  account  of  the  origin  of  the  name.  Arms,  or,  a  saltire  between  four  boars' 
heads,  sa,  couped,  gu.  Crest,  a  hand,  couped  above  the  wrist,  erect,  holding  a  sword 
vertical,  hilted,  or,  pierced  through  a  boar's  head,  sa,  couped  gu,  the  sleeve  az,  turned 
up  arg. 


The  principal  care  taken  for  the  present  by  Lord  Inchiquin  and 
Captain  Jephson  was  to  provide  good  store  of  forage  into  their  several 
garrisons  for  their  horses,  of  such  corn  and  hay  as  remained  of  the 
Englishmen's.  In  which  they  found  difficulty,  for  the  enemy,  fearing  the 
vicinity  of  these  garrisons  would  prove  troublesome,  burnt  all  the  stacks 
of  hay  they  could  come  at,  and  began  to  thresh  and  carry  away  the  corn, 
so  that  the  captains  were  compelled  to  take  by  the  strong  hand  whatever 
they  could  get,  and  had  supplied  themselves  within  fourteen  to  twenty 
News  of  the  days.  During  this  time  they  received  intelligence  from 
President  Cork  of  the  Lord  President  being  dangerously  sick,  whereat 
being  sick.  ^\Qy  both  rode  instantly  thither,  and  found  him  so  ill  as  to 
be  unlikely  to  live  six  hours,  which  invited  the  Lord  Inchiquin  to  continue 
with  him,  in  expectation  of  his  recovery,  which  (God  be  thanked)  was 
accomplished  within  three  weeks.  Captain  Jephson  returned  next  day  to 
"  Moallowe,"  and  began  to  cast  about  how  he  might  do  some  service  ; 
Rathgoggan  anc^  an  °PPortunity  presented  itself  of  besieging  a  castle, 
Castle  eight  miles  off,  called  Rathgoggan/IO>the  inheritance  of  the 

beseiged;  Eari  f  Cor]  but  let  to  farm  to  one  Robert  Meade,  a 
relieved  by  '  ' 

Captain  "       worthy  man  and  a  good  servitor  in  the  last  wars,  who  with 

Jephson.  thirty  or  forty  more  was  strictly  beset  by  Large  and  Supple, 
two  arch  rebels,  and  some  sixty  rogues  of  theirs,  who  had  taken  a  house 
or  two  adjoining  the  castle,  and  thence  had  played  on  the  defendants. 
To  rescue  them  Captain  Jephson,  taking  with  him  some  thirty  of  his  own 
troop  and  thirty  of  the  Lord  Inchiquin's  (commanded  by  his  cornet 
Banister),  and  some  ninety  musketeers  from  "  Moallowe  and  Downrayle," 
under  conduct  of  Lieutenant  John  Downinge  (a  man  intrusted  by  the 
Lord  President  with  the  keeping  his  castle  at  Downrayle,  and  singularly 
useful  and  active  in  these  kind  of  services  from  his  knowledge  of  the 
county  and  language,  worthy  of  much  esteem  were  it  not  for  his  rigid 
comportment,  which  made  him  open  to  the  envy  of  many,  especially  the 
common  soldiers),  marched  among  the  rebels  unawares,  who  instantly 
betook  themselves  to  their  heels  (in  which  weapon  they  have  more 

(IO)  Rathgogan  Castle  stood  where  the  town  of  Charleville  now  stands,  in  the 
barony  of  Orrery  and  Kilmore.  Little  is  known  of  its  ancient  history;  but  the  name 
points  to  its  having  been  built  by  the  Cogans,  as  was  Kilbolane,  soon  after  the  arrival 
of  Strongbow.  From  them  it  came  to  the  Earl  of  Desmond,  and  was  included  in  his 
forfeiture  ;  and  was  among  the  lands  granted  to  Hugh  Cuffe,  one  of  the  undertakers, 
by  grant  recited  in  Fiant,  Eliz.,  No.  5,066,  dated  14th  November,  1587,  wherein  it  is 
mentioned  as  "The  castle  and  lands  of  Rathgogan,  late  David  Encorig  [Wof  the 
marsh],  alias  M'Gibbon's  lands  .  .  .  late  the  Earl  of  Desmond's."  '"The  text 
shows  that  it  had  passed  into  the  rapacious  hands  of  the  first  Earl  of  Cork. 

(«)  All  students  of  that  mine  of  Irish  history,  The  Fiants,  published  by  the  Deputy 
Keeper  of  the  Records,  Ireland,  are  indebted  to  Father  Lyons  for  his  learned  and 
valuable  paper  on  "  The  Nicknames  in  the  Fiants,"  published  in  the  preceding  volume 
of  this  Journal,  pp.  337  et  seq. 



confidence  than  in  any  oilier  they  carry).  But  the  horse  quickly  over- 
took them,  and  fell  on  execution  with  such  fury  that  forty  of  the  rebels 
were  sent  to  Pluto  (yet  to  be  canonised  as  martyrs  by  their  holy  father), 
and  scarce  one  would  have  been  left  but  that  the  place  was  unserviceable 
for  horse  by  reason  of  the  high  banks  and  bogs  there.  Then  having 
burned  the  houses  which  annoyed  the  castle,  and  having  taken  some 
small  pillage  (among  others  Large's  arms,  which  were  left  behind,  and 
The  Castle      °f  worth),  the  captain  and  a  few  more  entered  the 

relieved.  Castle,  and  had  hearty  thanks  and  three  good  horses 
bestowed  on  them  by  Mr.  Meade.  But  while  he  was  in  the  house  he 
had  secret  intelligence  that  some  of  the  guarders  used  in  defence  of  the 
castle  had  before  that  done  some  wicked  acts  of  hostility  to  the  English, 
which  on  examination  proving  to  be  true,  the  captain  delivered  three  of 
them  to  his  soldiers,  who  quickly  despatched  them,  though  one  or  two  of 
them  (who  had  been  ancient  servants  to  Mr.  Meade,  being  Irish)  were 
exceedingly  interceded  for  by  him,  yet  to  no  purpose. 

Balliha  Castle  ^nc^  on  ^e  return  Dack  Captain  Jephson  thought  fit  to 
summoned  by  summon  a  castle  belonging  to  Lord  Roche,  called 
Jephson.  Balliha,(ll)  with  a  garrison  of  five  or  six  men  and  a  small 
store  of  munition  ;  who  accepted,  at  the  first  motion  of  quarter,  to  go 
thence  with  their  lives.  In  the  castle  was  found  very  great  store  of  corn, 
which  was  brought  afterwards  to  Downerayle  and  Moallowe  ;  and  a 
sergeant  and  ten  men  with  convenient  munition  were  put  into  it,  who 
by  direction  burned  it  to  the  ground  after  all  was  taken  out  thence. 

T  , .  .  This  work  detained  them  but  a  little  while  ;  and  then 
In  his  return  #  m  1 

the  rebels  setting  forwards,  and  having  marched  a  mile  they  spied 
appeared.  about  three  hundred  men — drawn  together,  it  seems,  on  an 
alarm  given  by  some  of  those  who  escaped  from  Rathgoggan — on  the 
side  of  a  hill  over  which  the  captain  and  his  men  were  to  march,  and 
stood  in  the  way  he  had  to  travel.  These  afterwards  proved  to  be  men  of 
Sir  Edward  Fitzharris,  baronet,  a  man  more  copious  in  estate  than  in 
discretion,  ignorantly  young,  a  debtor  rather  to  fortune  than  to  nature, 
who  must  needs  out,  for  fashion  and  reputation  sake,  and  took  his  time 
to  be  revenged  for  the  burning  and  preying  of  his  country  (some  eight 
miles  in  length,  and  of  much  strength  and  fertility),  which  had  been 
effectually  acted  some  six  weeks  before  by  horsemen  volunteers  from 
Moallowe,  commanded  by  Lieutenant  Arthur  Betesworth — some  of  the 
company  there  of  Captain  Jephson's,  and  some  horse  and  foot  from 
Downeraile  under  Lieutenant  Downing — who  made  the  traitor  sensible 

(n)  This  also  is  mentioned  in  the  fiant  of  the  grant  to  Hugh  Cuffe,  quoted  in  note  9. 
"  A  little  broken  castle  called  Doe's  Castle  (gy.  Castle  Dod,  Smith  ii.,  ch.  6),  in  the  town 
and  parish  of  Balliha,  containing  eighty  acres." 


of  the  smart  and  operation  of  fire  and  sword,  and  brought  home  with 
them  some  four  hundred  cows,  garrons,  and  other  pillage.  This  furious 
young  knight  had  at  an  instant  these  companies  together,  which  he 
easily  did,  as  his  country,  called  the  barony  of  St.  George,  lay 
"contagious"  and  within  sight  of  Balliha.  He  made  choice  of  that 
time,  conceiving  that  the  English  soldiers  had  exhausted  most  of  their 
munition  that  day,  and  were  wearied  with  the  long  march  ;  himself  on 
horseback  being  with  his  men  all  on  foot,  saving  that  at  a  pretty 
distance  from  them  some  six  or  eight  horse  were  standing  on  the  hill 
side.  This  spectacle  much  rejoiced  the  captain  and  all  the  company, 
being  confident  they  should  go  shortly  to  fisticuffs  with  the  enemy,  who 
seemed  to  stand  strictly  to  their  tackling.  To  encourage  them  where- 
unto,  the  captain  with  his  horse  seemed  to  ride  under  the  hill  another 
way,  as  if  he  durst  not  touch  with  them,  giving  direction  to  Lieutenant 
Downing  to  march  directly  towards  them  with  his  musketeers,  intending 
himself  with  the  horse  to  fetch  the  hill,  and  so  to  get  behind  them  and 
fall  in  on  their  rear,  all  which  was  done  at  an  instant.  And,  first, 
Lieutenant  Downing  brought  up  his  men  and  discharged  at  the  enemy 
a  large  volley  of  shot,  though  it  wrought  not  much  execution  among 
them  by  reason  of  the  distance  and  the  dry  banks  where- 

The  rebels 

beaten  by  with  they  sheltered  themselves.  But  they  kept  their 
Lieutenant  ground,  exchanging  shot  for  shot,  only  the  valourous 
ancTcapfain  knight  baronet  rode  away  from  his  banneret  and  soldiers 
Jephson  before  the  onset.  And  the  musketeers  had  no  sooner 
performed  their  parts  than  the  captain  with  his  horse 
charged  the  enemy  so  furiously  that  they  were  stupified,  and  casting 
away  their  pikes,  and  (for  lightness)  their  brogues,  ran  away  dispersedly, 
whom  the  horse  and  the  swiftest  foot  eagerly  pursued,  and  had 
"  pleasantly  "  the  killing  of  them  by  the  space  of  two  hours,  wherein 
there  could  not  be  fevver(l2)  sacrificed  to  destruction  than  six  or  seven 
score,  besides  wounded  who  escaped.  And  had  not  the  river,  unpassable 
but  on  fords,  and  the  bogs  been  propitious  to  them,  then  had  few  of 
them  escaped.  Only  the  lieutenant  and  ensign  were  taken  prisoners ; 
the  latter  of  whom,  thinking  to  save  their  colours,  put  them  into  his 
breeches,  where  they  were  found  and  pulled  out  with  a  very  vengeance, 
and  are  now  set  up  in  the  captain's  dining-room  at  Moallowe,  where 
they  remain  as  a  mark  of  the  noble  baronet's  vindicative  displeasure,  for 
whose  honorable  regard  I  do  wish  they  were  returned  him  on  condition 
the  captain  had  his  forfeited  lands  worth  little  less  than  £"1,500  per 

(I2)  The  combatants  seem  to  have  no  idea  of  giving  quarter  or  taking  prisoners 
among  the  rank  and  file. 



The  captain  and  his  men  stayed  that  night  at  Downeraile,  ot  whom 
there  was  only  one  man  of  Captain  Jephson's  killed,  and  at  the  first 
encounter,  with  a  shot,  and  a  valiant  gentleman  of  his  troop,  Lieutenant 
Cooke,  lightly  hurt  in  the  thigh  with  a  pike. 

A  short  time  after  this  exploit,  Captain  Jephson  rode  to  Cork  to 
revisit  the  sick  Lord  President  and  receive  his  commands  ;  and  brought 
back  with  him  two  hundred  musketeers  taken  out  of  the  companies  at 
Cork  under  the  command  of  Sir  John  Browne  and  Captain  Prise,  both 
of  them  very  dexterous  and  well-experienced  in  military  discipline,  with 
directions  from  the  Lord  President  to  pursue  such  services  as  Captain 
Jephson  should  advise  and  bade  them  to  ;  whereof  one  hundred  were  to 
be  garrisoned  at  Moallowe,  and  the  other  in  Downeraile.  Where,  after 
a  day  or  two's  rest,  Captain  Jephson  marched  with  a  good  part  of  them 
and  some  of  the  troops,  and  marched  over  the  mountains  towards  the 
county  of  Limerick,  and  brought  with  them  good  store  of  carriages  to 
fetch  home  the  corn  they  left  in  Balliha  Castle.  And  as  they  went  they 
encountered  with  a  castle  called  Ballynageragh,  the  freehold  of  Sir  Philip 
Percival,  knt.(l3)  (whom  I  must  not  name  without  reverence  to  his 
memory  and  worth  as  to  a  man  of  a  rare,  honest,  and  most  heroic 
endowments),  wherein,  yet  for  contestation  sake,  the  busy  Lord  Roche 
had  put  in  a  company  of  men  who  at  first  motion  refused  to  surrender 
upon  any  terms  ;  but  when  they  perceived  that  the  English  were  in 
earnest,  they  quickly  entertained  quarter  for  safety  of  their  lives.  In  this 
castle  they  found  good  store  of  corn,  which  having  taken  thence,  they  set 
the  castle  on  fire. 

I  give  precedency  to  this  last  action  over  the  great  battle  with  the 
General  and  the  Lord  of  Muskerry,  that  I  might  give  time  to  the  studious 
General  to  compose  and  digest  his  "  mirabilia,"  whom  I  left  over  a  month 
since  to  his  privacy  and  stratagems  ;  from  whom  men  now  expected 
nothing  less  than  a  parturiunt  montes.  But  (in  this  interval)  the  place 
and  people  of  Cork  were  become  more  secure,  while  in  the  Irish  camp  it 
was  said  by  some  that  the  General  was  sleeping,  and  by  others  that  he 

wished  to  procrastinate  this  war  for  his  own  advantage, 
of^^erdiem  navm&  an  allowance  of  £3  per  diem  given  him  from  the 
given  to  their  council  of  war  ;  while  some  said  that  for  want  of  butter  and 
comidfof  waT  brimstone  he  was  compelled  to  make  his  granadoes  with 

"  canyelabo  and  album  greecum,"  which  would  not  do, 
though  the  lords  and  other  chieftains  had  a  great  opinion  of  it ;  and 
some  said  he  could  not  get  powder  enough  to  compose  certain  baneful 
works,  which,  in  the  Spanish  tongue,  he   called  "  Iginterendos  and 

(13)  Smith,  Hist.  Cor/e,  book  ii.,  ch.  6,  gives  his  history. 


devorandula  ;"  which  [powder]  the  council  of  war  denied  him,  saying  he 

would  expend  so  much  about  these  preparadoes,  that  he  would  not 

leave  enough  for  them  for  an  assault  or  skirmish.     In  the  lords 

and  other  chief  gentlemen  and  the  council  of  war  was  observed  a 

w}  t  ^  universal  dejection  at  those  delays,  who  told  their  General 

gentlemen  told  in  plain  terms  that  he  had  egregiously  failed  them  in  their 

the  Irish  expectations,  in  that  they  had  long  since  sharpened  their 
General  * 

skenes  and  swords  to  cut  the  Englishmen's  throats,  and 

time  had  blunted  them  again  through  his  dalliance.  To  whom  the  grave 
and  gradual  General  replied  in  a  sufficient  eloquent  speech  (for  he  was 
"  ould  dog"  at  it),  that  they  were  worthy  reprehension  by  such  sinister 
thoughts,  so  to  precipitate  a  business  of  such  high  concernment  as  this, 
assuring  them  he  had  seen  seven  years  spent  about  such  a  grand  work  as 
this  was.  But,  observing  in  their  countenance  such  a  prevailing  resolu- 
tion and  animosity,  he  gave  them  full  assurance  that  in  a  few  days  he 
would  draw  the  English  army  into  the  midst  of  their  battalions,  and 
they  should  have  the  cutting  off  of  every  man  of  them.  This  last  speech 
of  bringing  them  to  the  fight  did  so  satisfy  the  council,  and  so  resuscitate 
the  declining  heads  of  the  commons,  that  they,  holding  up  their  pikes, 
with  a  general  acclamation,  cried  "  Long  live  the  General!" 

In  pursuance  of  this  plot  the  General  shortly  after  sent  out  a  party 
of  two  hundred  men,  with  directions  that  they  should,  in  a  kind  of 
bravado,  march  as  near  to  the  walls  of  the  town  as  they  could  without 
hazard,  and  commit  some  "  depreate  "  act  of  hostility  in  the  very  view  of 
them,  and  thereby  provoke  those  within  to  come  forth  ;  while  himself 
and  the  whole  army  lay  within  a  mile  and  a  half  to  second  them  on  all 
Inchiquin  and  occas^ons-  This  divice  took  its  wished  effect  (the  Lord 
Vavason being  President  being  still  sick),  for  the  Lord  Inchiquin  and 

affronted  by     Colonel  Vavason,  men  of  active  spirit,  with  the  rest  of  the 

the  enemy,  r  ' 

issued  out  of    right  valiant  captains  within  the  town,  resenting  these 

Cork.  affronts,  after  consultation  and   by  approbation  of  the 

President,  issued  out  of  the  town  with  about  four  hundred  musketeers 

and  ninety  horsemen,  and  marched  near  a  mile  before  they  could  descry 

any  of  the  enemy.    And  then  espying  a  party  of  men  (which  they  took 

to  be  those  who  had  showed  themselves  near  that  town),  made  towards 

them  with  a  loose  wing  of  musketeers,  the  rest  coming  after  softly  ; 

which  the  enemy  observing  directed  some  shot  of  theirs  to  recover^1*)  a 

place  of  advantage  to  which  the  enemy  were  advancing,  who  made  such 

haste  that  they  got  the  place  first.    And  then  the  Irish  placed  an 

O4)  Smithy  iii.,  ch.  5,  says  Lord  Muskerry's  camp  was  near  Rochfortstown,  parish 



ambuscado  under  a  bank  or  ditch  adjoining,  and  so  there  began  a  light 
skirmish  amongst  them,  wherein  the  enemy  did  retreat,  the 
roSednemy  English  following  them,  who  presently  discovered  the 
General's  whole  army  ordered  for  battle.  Though  this  was 
an  unexpected  sight  to  the  English,  yet  they  undauntedly  went  on,  and 
were  fiercely  encountered  by  a  right  valiant  gentleman  of  the  Irish  party 
called  by  nickname  Captain  Suggane,  but  rightly  Florence  McDonnell 
McFynyne(ls)  (a  second  brother  to  McFynyne  in  Desmond),  who  was 
drawn  into  the  action,  and  had  more  courage  in  him  than  I  have  seen  or 
heard  amongst  any  of  the  natives.  He  and  his  men,  well  armed  and 
well  "  metalled,"  fought  most  stoutly  with  the  English,  in  view  of  the 
General,  the  Lord  of  Muskerry,  and  the  whole  army;  from  whom  having 
no  reasonable  rescues,  he  was,  after  many  shot  and  wounds  received, 
slain  and  his  head  taken  off,  and  most  of  his  men  lost.  Whom  having 
despatched  they  were  commanded  by  the  Lord  of  lnchiquin  and  the 
Colonel  to  march  deliberately  towards  the  body  of  the  army,  who  there- 
upon began  to  move  as  fast  from  them,  and  yet  divided  themselves  into 
two  battalions  as  if  they  had  an  intention  to  enclose  and  circumvent  the 
English.  Who,  notwithstanding,  went  on  and  fell  on  the  rear  of  the 
enemy,  who  still  marched  away  by  so  much  the  faster  by  how  much  the 
English  pursued  them,  who  still  wondered  at  them,  having  cause  to 
suspect  some  stupendous  stratagem  intended  towards  them.  And  yet 
they  still  followed  them,  and  killed  the  rebels  apace  for  two  miles 
together.  And  in  conclusion,  the  puissant  General,  the  milksop  Lord  of 
Muskerry,  the  cowardly  council,  the  cracking  captains  and  the  cast-down 
commanders  marched  away  (I  must  not  say  fled)  so  fast,  many  being 
well  horsed,  that  the  common  soldiers  throwing  away  their  pikes  ran 
away  as  fast  as  their  swift  legs  (their  most  favourable  members)  could 
carry  them,  and  left  behind  them  their  carriage  and  other  pillage,  and 
the  English  in  the  open  fields  to  wonder  at  and  praise  God  for  this  un- 
Captain  expected  and  incredible  victory  ;  with  all  which,  and  with 

Suggane's  Captain  Suggane's  head,  they  triumphantly  returned  to 
head-  Cork  ;  and  the  Irish  presently,  and  with  facility,  disbanded, 

every  man  (with  shame)  going  to  his  own  home. 

If  you  have  now  any  occasion  to  use  or  advise  with  this  invincible 
Lord  General,  you  cannot  fail  to  find  him  in  a  pad  of  straw  ;  if  you  will 
speak  with  the  Lord  of  Muskerry,  he  is  hardly  to  be  found  ;  wheresoever 
it  be,  you  shall  find  him  sick  in  fever,  occasioned  through  anguish  of 
fear  and  heat  of  flying.  There  I  leave  them,  and  conclude  this  particular 

(15)  MacFineen  was  a  clan  of  note  in  county  Kerry.  I  wish  I  could  identify  further 
the  family  of  this  brave  soldier. 


by  informing  you  that  in  all  these  combustions  there  was  not  one  man 
lost,  killed,  or  shot  of  the  English  ;  but  of  the  Irish  there  could  not  be 
less,  by  a  gross  computation,  than  two  or  three  hundred  ;  and  many 
more  must  have  fallen,  but  that  they  would  not  stay  for  it. 

{End  of  the  Manuscript.) 

Jsfotes  on  the  Council  JJook,  of  Clonakjlty, 

Noiv  in  the  possession  of  the  Rev.  J.  Hume  Townsend,  D.  D. 
Collected  by  DOROTHEA  TOWNSHEND. 

LETTER  directed  to  William  Snowe,  esqre>  by  Francis 
Bernard,  esqr>  recorder  of  Cloughnakilty,  dated  25  8ber 
17 14,  and  is  as  follows  : — 

"  I  have  perused  the  charter  of  Cloughnakilty,  and  do  find  that 
the  burgesses  have  thereby  a  power  to  assemble  themselves  on 
St.  James'  day,  and  to  nominate  three  of  their  burgesses  to  stand 
in  election  for  suffrain,  and  present  them  to  the  lord  of  the  towne, 
who  is  by  the  sd.  charter  empowered  to  elect,  nominate,  and  choose 
one  of  the  three  for  suffrain,  and  the  p'son.  so  chosen  is  to  be  sworn  on  St.  Luke's  day; 
and  upon  p'rusal  of  the  sd.  charter  I  am  of  opinion — 1st,  that  the  nomination  only,  and 
not  the  election  of  a  suffrain,  is  in  the  burgess's  hand,  and  that  the  rt.  of  election  is  wholy 
reserv'd  to  the  lord  of  the  towne  ;  2nd'y»  that  the  election,  or  pretended  election,  made 
by  the  burgesses  without  nominating  sd.  three  p'sons.  to  the  lord  of  the  town  was 
illegal  and  void,  being  contrary  to  the  powers  given  by  the  charter,  and  tends  to  deprive 
the  lord  of  the  towne  of  the  right  of  election  lodged  in  him  by  the  express'd  words  of 
charter ;  3rd,  as  the  present  case  is,  I  conceive  the  corporation  cannot  do  justice  to 
themselves,  as  well  as  to  Mr.  Boyle,  the  Id.  of  the  towne,  unless  they  call  a  new 
assembly  and  proceed  to  the  nomination  of  the  p'sons.  whose  names  ought  to  be 
presented  to  Mr.  Boyle,  in  order  to  his  electing  and  appointing  which  of  the  three  shall 
serve  for  the  ensuing,  tho'  it  could  be  more  conformable  to  the  charter  if  they  had  done 
k  before.  Francis  Bernard, 

25  8ber,  1715. 

Copia  vera  atested  by  Saml  Birde,  dept.  record. 

The  records  of  this  irregular  election  must  have  been  destroyed,  as 
there  are  no  entries  in  the  book  from  October,  17 13,  to  October,  17 14. 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  Monday,  the  25th  day  of  July, 
ClougTIakilty.  171 5'  Mr*  Arnold  Gookin,  Mr.  Michael  Beecher,  and  Capt.  Henry 
Freke,  being  free  burgesses  of  the  said  burrough,  were  chosen  and 
elected  to  be  presented  to  the  Rt.  Honoble  Henry  Boyle,  Lord  Carleton,  to  the  end 



that  one  oi  them  may  be  nominated  and  appointed  by  his  Idh  to  besuffrain  for  the  next 
ensuing  year,  according  to  his  Majesty's  most  gracious  grant  in  that  behalf. 

Joseph  Jervois,  Suflftni  Arte  Bernard, 

Ralph  Freke,  Arnold  Gookin, 

Robert  Travers,  Richd  Sweet, 

John  Honner,  IIa.  Freke. 

At  the  same  court  John  Kerin  was  sworn  freeman  before  Joseph  Jervois,  esqr> 

,   ,       Pursuant  to  a  precept   directed  to  the  suffrain.  burgesses,  and 
Burrougn  de     -~     u      ,      , ,     '  ,      .        ...  ,     '    _  . 

Clou<r/uiakiliy  comona":y'  returnable  on  batturday,  the  twelith  day  oi  November  next, 
grounded  on  his  Majesty's  writt  of  sumonds,  to  choose  two  burgesses 
of  the  most  discreet  and  most  sufficient  men  of  the  sd.  towne,  to  be  and  appr  at  the 
next  Parliament  to  be  held  at  Dublin  on  the  12th  day  of  o>er  next,  wee,  the  said 
suffrain,  burgesses,  and  comonalty  have  freely  unanimously  elected  and  chosen 
Sr  Ralph  Freke  &  Brigadeer  Geo.  Freke,  to  serve  in  the  sd.  Parliamt,  this  17  day  of 

8'jer,  1  7 1  5. 

Joseph  Jervois,  Suffrn.,  Hary.  Freke, 

Emanuel  Moore,  Randlf.  Warner, 

Robert  Travers,  John  Bourne, 

John  Honner,  Robert  Gillman, 

Arthur  Bernard,  Richard  Cox, 

Arnold  Gookin,  Richard  Sweet. 

27  j    f       At  a  court  neld  for  sd.  burrough  on  Monday,  the  17th  of  8ber,  171 5^ 

Chu^°hnakiU    ^n  ^ercy  Freke,  Mr.  William  Snowe,  John  Young,  junr,  John  Towne- 
*       v     '  send,  Richard  Townesend,  Henry  Rice,  Robt.  Spiller,  and  Ralph  Fuller 
were  sworne  freemen  of  this  corporation  before  Joseph  Jervois,  esqr>  suffrain. 

Signed  by  order,  Saml  Birde. 

At  the  same  court  Henry  Austin  and  Samuel  Austin,  Mr.  Walter  Travers,  and  Mr. 
Tobias  Harington,  were  sworn  freemen  of  sd.  corporation. 

Mr.  Percy  Freke,  probably  son  of  Sir  Ralph,  of  Castlefreke  ;  born 
1699,  died  1728.    See  Journal  C.  A.  &  H.  Society,  "  Cork  M.P.'s,"  p.  379. 

John  Townesend  was  probably  of  Skirtagh  ;  born  May  26,  1691  ; 
died  1756  ;  third  son  of  Bryan  Townesend,  of  Castletownshend.  He 
married  Catherine,  daughter  of  Colonel  Barry,  of  Lisnagar,  his  first 
cousin,  and  left  four  sons  and  four  daughters.  Richard  Townesend  was 
probably  of  Castletownshend,  the  eldest  son  of  Bryan,  and  grandson  of 
Colonel  Richard  Townesend,  the  founder  of  the  family  in  Ireland.  He 
was  born  1684,  and  died  1742.  He  married  twice,  first  his  first  cousin, 
Mary  Synge,  by  whom  he  had  a  son,  who  died  young,  and  a  daughter  ; 
and  second  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Henry  Becher,  of  Aughadown,  by 
whom  he  had  Richard,  his  heir  John,  of  Shepperton,  and  three  daughters. 

B  r  ou  h  of      At  a  court  °^  recorc*        f°r  so-  burrough  on  St.  Luke's  day,  being 
CI     l     hit    ^e        °^  ^ber'  l7I5>  ^e  same  being  the  day  for  swearing  in  a  new 
'  suffrain,  Mr.  Snowe,  being  agent  to  my  Ld.  Carleton,  attended  the 



court,  and  produced  a  letter  from  the  Ld.  Carleton,  in  which  he  appointed  Michael 
Beecher,  esqr>  to  be  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year,  and  Mr.  Beecher,  being  indispos'd  by 
the  gout  that  he  cou'd  not  appear  to  be  sworne,  the  court  is  pleased  to  adjourn  to  the 
5th  day  of  9ber  next,  in  which  time  it  is  hop'd  Mr.  Beecher  will  be  able  to  appear,  or 
sooner,  to  take  office  upon  him. 

Joseph  Jervois,  Suffrn>  John  Honner, 

Ralph  Freke,  Arnold  Gookin, 

Rob.  Travers,  Rob.  Gillman. 

Har.  Freke, 

At  the  same  court  Mr.  Hugh  Hutchins  was  sworn  freemen  of  the  sd.  corporation. 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  Satturday,  the  12  9^  171 5, 
Burrough  de        uant  to  a  rule  of  court  made  the  l8th  day  of  8ber  jnst.,  Michael 

Beecher,  esqr>  pursuant  to  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the 
Rt.  HonoWe  Henry  Ld.  Carleton,  lord  of  the  said  towne,  was  sworn  suffrain  of  the  said 
burrough,  and  had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  unto  him  by  the  late  suffrain  and 
undernamed  burgesses. 

Joseph  Jervois,  Arnold  Gookin, 

Ran.  Warner,  Richd.  Sweet. 

Robt.  Gillman, 

At  the  same  court  John  Mead  and  Nicholas  Bennett  were  sworn  serjts,  Fardinando 
Spiller  constable,  and  Daniel  Bantry  petty  constable. 

The  generall  sessions  of  the  peace  held  for  the  said  burrough  the 
Burrough  of  l6th  day  of  May>  I7l^  before  Michael  Beecher,  esqr,  suffrain,  and  the 
undernamed  burgesses,  Mr.  Snowe,  agent  to  the  Rt.  Honble  Ld.  Carleton, 
came  this  day  and  produced  to  the  court  an  attested  copy  of  the  charter  of  their  corpora- 
tion, whereby  it  appears  that  the  Ld.  Carleton,  lord  of  the  towne,  has  the  sole  power 
to  appoint  the  deputy  recorder,  which  the  court  submitted  to ;  and  Mr.  Snowe  also 
produced  a  letter  dated  from  his  lordship,  wherein  he  appointed  Mr.  Richard  Hunger- 
ford,  junr,  deputy  recorder,  in  the  room  of  Mr.  Samuel  Birde,  deceased,  and  directed 
Mr.  William  Snowe  to  sware  him,  which  was  done  accordingly  by  administering  the 
usual  oaths  to  him. 

Michael  Beecher,  Suffm>  Rich.  Cox, 

Emanuel  Moore,  Robert  Gillman. 

Randel  Warner, 

At  the  same  court  Richd.  Roberts  and  William  Levison  were  sworn  freemen  of 
sd.  corporation  before  the  above  suffrain  and  burgesses. 

Jurors'  Names. — Edward  Warner,  Robert  Morly,  Henry  Austin,  Henry  Hayes, 
William  Mans,  John  Clarke,  Jo.  Bateman,  John  Bateman,  John  Teap,  John  Bennett, 
James  Spiller,  Saml  Gilbertson,  Florence  Donovan,  John  Arandell,  Robert  Spiller. 

We  find  and  present  that  the  streets  of  Cloughnakilty  are  much  out  of  order  for 
want  of  paving.  We,  therefore,  order  that  each  and  every  inhabitant  of  sd.  town  shall, 
before  the  first  day  of  August  next,  sufficiently  pitch  or  pave  as  far  as  their  respective 
habitations  facing  the  street  of  sd.  town  the  breadth  of  ten  feet,  and  the  same  so  paved 
or  pitch'd  shall  preserve  and  keep  clean  from  filth  and  dung,  under  the  penalty  of  five 
shillings  for  each  offence,  to  be  levy'd  by  way  of  distress  if  need  be,  and  be  dispos'd 
of  as  the  suffrain  shall  think  fitt. 

We  confirm  all  former  presentments. 

Edward  Warner,  cum  sociis. 




At  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  25th  day  of 

Cl^T  k%v  •,uly'  I7'6,  Ml"'  Arnold  Gookin'  Mr-  Richard  Sweet,  and  Capt.  Harry 
*  Freke,  being  free  burgesses  of  the  said  corporation,  were  chosen  and 

elected  to  be  presented  to  the  Rt.  Horible  Henry  Lord  Carleton,  to  the  end  that  one 
of  them  may  be  nominated  and  appointed  by  his  ldshp.  to  be  suffrain  for  the  next 
ensuing  year,  according  to  his  Majesty's  most  gracious  grant  in  that  behalf. 

Michael  Beecher,  Suffrain,       Arnold  Gookin, 
Ralph  Freke,  Riciid.  Sweet, 

Geo.  Freke,  Ran.  Warner, 

Har.  Freke,  Robert  Gillman. 

Joseph  Jervois, 

At  the  same  court  Mr.  Richard  Tonson  and  Mr.  John  Phare  were  sworn  freemen  of 
this  corporation,  as  was  also  Mr.  James  Hawkes. 

Michael  Beecher,  Suff.,  Ralph  Freke. 

Randel  Warner. 

Richard  Tonson,  son  of  Henry  Tonson  of  Newcourt,  Skibbereen, 
and  Spanish  Island,  and  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  R.  Hull.  He  was 
forty-six  years  member  for  Baltimore.  He  married  first  Elizabeth 
Tynte,  and  second  Peniel,  widow  of  Michael  Becher,  of  Aughadown. 
He  died  1773,  leaving  his  estates  to  William  Hull,  who  took  the  name 
of  Tonson,  and  was  created  Baron  Riversdale  of  Rathcormac,  1783. 

At  the  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  the  24th  of  August,  17 16, 
urroug ^  oj  ^obert  gandfbn^  Lionel  Beecher,  and  John  Kift  were  sworn  freemen 
'  of  this  corporation  before  Michael  Beecher,  esqri  suffrain,  and  the 
undernamed  burgesses. 

Mich.  Beecher,  Sufm>  Joseph  Jervois, 

William  Hull,  Ran.  Warner. 

Lionel  Becher,  probably  "  Lyonel,"  younger  son  of  Colonel  Thomas 
Becher,  and  brother  of  Michael.  Smith  mentions  that  Captain  Lionel 
Becher  had  a  good  house  within  the  fort  on  Sherkin  Island. 

At  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  on  St.  Luke's  day,  being  the  18th 
Clo^hnakiUy  of  8ber'  17 16'  Mr'  Arthur  Gookin,  one  of  the  free  burgesses  of  this 
'  corporation,  pursuant  to  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the 
Rt.  Honble  Henry  Lord  Carleton,  lord  of  said  burrough,  was  sworn  suffrain  of  said 
burrough  for  the  coming  year,  and  had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him  by  the 
late  suffrain  and  undernamed  burgesses. 

Robert  Gillman,  William  Hull. 

Richard  Sweet. 

At  the  same  court  John  Mead  and  Nicholas  Bennett  were  sworn  serj.  for  the 
ensuing  year. 

B  h  de       At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  the  7th  cjber,  1716,  John 

CI     Ji    h'lf    T°wnesend|  esqr'  was  sworn  burgess  of  this  corporation  before  the 
'  suffrain  and  undernamed  burgesses. 

Arnold  Gookin,  Suffr,,  John  Honner, 

William  Hull,  Richd.  Sweet. 



Probably  this  was  John  Townesend,  of  Skirtagh,  third  son  of  Bryan. 
Born  1691,  died  1756.  Married  Katherine,  daughter  of  Colonel  Barry  of 
Lisnagar,  and  Susanna  Townesend.  He  may,  however,  be  John,  son  of 
John  FitzCornelius,  and  grandson  of  Cornelius,  eighth  son  of  Colonel 
Richard  Townesend.    He  was  born  1698,  and  died  unmarried. 

^  j        At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Tuesday,  the  28th  of 
ri     h    b'ff   May,  Sir  Percy  Freke,  bart.,  was  sworn  burgess  of  this  corporation 
'  before  Arnold  Gookin,  esqr»  suffrain  and  the  undernamed  burgesses. 

At  the  same  court  Richard  Browne,  George  Hull,  and  Thomas  Gookin  were  sworn 

Arnold  Gookin,  Suffr.,  Robt.  Travers, 

George  Freke,  Bobert  Gillman, 

Ar.  Bernard,  John  Honner, 

Emanuel  Moore,  William  Hull, 

Richd.  Sweet,  John  Burne. 

Sir  Percy  Freke,  probably  son  of  Sir  Ralph  Freke.  Admitted  free- 
man in  171 5,  and  now  made  burgess  on  succeeding  his  father  in  the 
baronetcy.  It  is  difficult  to  get  a  full  pedigree  of  the  Freke  family.  That 
given  in  the  Betham  MSS.  (add.  MSS.  British  Museum)  does  not 
mention  George  Freke.  It  begins  with  Francis  Freke  of  Somerset, 
whose  son,  Robert,  was  auditor  of  the  Treasury  under  Henry  VIII., 
and  died  leaving  upwards  of  ;£  100,000.  He  had  two  sons,  Sir  Thomas 
of  Dorset,  and  William  of  Sareen,  Hants,  who  went  to  Ireland.  He 
married  a  daughter  of  Arthur  Swaine,  esq.,  and  had  a  son  Arthur,  who 
lived  near  Cork,  and  married  Dorothy,  daughter  of  Sir  Piercy  Smith  of 
Youghal.  Their  son  Piercy  married  his  kinswoman  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  Rauf  Freke,  and  purchased  estates  in  Norfolk.  Their  son  Rauf  of 
West  Bilney,  Norfolk,  was  created  a  baronet.  He  had  three  sons,  Sir 
Piercy,  second  baronet,  M.P.  for  Baltimore,  died  1728;  Ralph  died  1727 ; 
and  John  Redmond,  third  baronet,  M.P.  for  Baltimore  and  Cork,  with 
whom  the  title  ended.  His  sister  Grace  married  1744  John  Evans, 
fourth  son  of  the  first  Lord  Carbery,  and  her  son  took  the  name  and 
arms  of  Freke  as  heir  to  his  uncle. 

Burron  h  de  ^  a  court  ^or  sa^  burrough  on  Thursday,  the  25th  of  July, 
Cloughnakilty         J°^n  Bourne,  esq1-,  Mr.  Richard  Sweet,  and  John  Townesend,  esq1-. 

being  free  burgesses  of  the  said  burrough,  were  chosen  and  elected 
to  be  presented  to  the  Rt.  Honble  Henry  Lord  Carleton,  to  the  end  that  one  of  them 
may  be  nominated  and  appointed  by  his  lordship  to  be  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year, 
according  to  his  Majesty's  most  gracious  grant  in  that  behalf. 

Arnold  Gookin,  Suffrn.,  Robert  Gillman, 

Emanuel  Moore,  Arth.  Bernard. 



At  a  court  there  held,  and  pursuant  to  a  warrant  to  the  suffrain, 
Burrougk  of  t|jrcctci|  an(j  grounded  on  his  Majesty's  writ  of  summons  for  electing 
a  burgess  out  of  the  most  discreet  men  of  this  burrough  to  app*  m 
this  present  parliament  now  sitting  in  Dublin,  in  the  room  of  Sir  Ralph  Freke, 
deceased,  we,  the  suffrain,  burgesses,  and  freemen  have  elected  aud  chosen  Richard 
Cox,  es(jr.  to  be  our  representative  in  this  present  parliament  in  the  room  of  the  sd. 
Sr.  Ralph  Freke.    Dated  this  31  d  day  of  October,  17 17. 

Arnold  Gookin,  Suffer,  Rort.  Gillman, 

Robt.  Travers.  Ran.  Warner, 

B.  Townsend,  John  Honker, 

John  Bourne,  Joseph  Jervois, 

Ar.  Bernard,  Wm.  Hull. 

RicHd.  Sweet, 

These  signatures  are  autograph.  Arthur  Bernard's  is  quaint,  for  he 
has  inserted  the  date  in  the  flourishes  of  the  initial  capitals  of  his  name. 
Bryan  Townesend  was  now  an  old  man,  and  probably  made  the  effort  as 
his  sons  were  to  be  admitted  freemen. 

At  the  same  court  Capt.  Morgan  Donovan,  Mr.  Samuel  Townesend,  and  Mr. 
Phillip  Townesend  were  sworn  freemen.  Arnold  Gookin,  Suffn. 

At  the  same  court  Mr.  Edward  French,  Mr.  Joseph  Clifford,  and  Mr.  Bryan  Wade 
were  sworn  freemen.  Arnold  Gookin,  Suffn. 

The  O'Donovan's  territory  was  the  cantred  of  Hy  Donovan,  between 
Bantry  and  Ross.  They  settled  there  when  driven  from  Limerick  in 
1 172.  Morgan  O'Donovan,  of  Ballincallagh,  b.a.  Oxon.,  born  1687, 
married  1733  Mary,  daughter  of  T.  Ronayne,  and  had  Morgan,  who 
married  Mary,  daughter  of  T.  Becher,  of  Creagh. 

Mr.  Samuel  Townesend  of  Whitehall,  on  Roaring  Water  Bay,  fifth 
son  of  Bryan  Townesend  of  Castletownsend.  He  travelled  in  Italy,  and 
on  his  return  built  a  staircase  in  the  Italian  style  in  his  house  at  White- 
hall. A  miniature  painted  in  Italy  shows  he  must  have  been  a  singularly 
handsome  man,  with  large  blue  eyes,  and  short,  proud  upper  lip.  He 
seems  to  have  been  a  man  of  high  principles  and  cultivated  tastes.  He 
was  born  in  1689  or  1692,  high  sheriff  1742,  died  1759,  married  Dorothea, 
daughter  of  Sir  E.  Mansell. 

Mr.  Philip  Townesend  of  Derry,  Rosscarbery,  eighth  son  of  Bryan 
Townesend.  He  was  a  captain  in  General  O'Farrell's  regiment,  the 
22nd,  during  the  wars  with  France  in  America.  He  married  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Hungerford,  of  the  Island.  His  letters  from 
America  to  his  family  are  printed  in  An  Officer  of  the  Long  Parliament, 
pp.  242-53. 

(  To  be  confirmed.) 




RICHARD  BARTER,  Sculptor. 

RT  in  Cork  has  suffered  a  severe  loss  and  many  attached  friends  a  deep 
grief  by  the  death  of  Mr.  Richard  Barter,  which  occurred  on  the  5th  of 
January  last.  For  more  than  a  week  he  had  suffered  from  a  complica- 
tion of  heart  disease,  bronchitis,  and  brain  affection.  When  his  illness 
developed  a  threatening  character  he  was,  with  some  difficulty,  persuaded 
to  quit  the  studio,  which  was  home  to  him  as  well  as  the  scene  of  his  labours,  and  to 
occupy  a  chamber  in  the  great  establishment  ot  St.  Anne's  Hill,  where  he  was  watched 
over  with  loving  care,  and  medical  skill  of  a  high  class  was  at  his  service.   Dr.  Altdorfer, 

Richard  Barter,  Sculptor. 

of  St.  Anne's,  in  close  and  frequent  consultation  with  Dr.  Harding,  of  Ballincollig,  was 
assiduous  in  attendance,  while  Mr.  Richard  Barter,  j.p.,  gave  every  moment  he  could 
snatch  from  the  cares  of  his  heavy  undertakings  to  watch  over  the  invalid.  All  the 
large  household  were  ready  to  volunteer  their  services  if  needed,  and  guests  followed 
with  sympathy  the  stages  of  a  malady  which,  unhappily,  from  the  first  showed  a  fatal 
tendency.  In  accordance  with  the  faith  and  piety  of  his  life,  Mr.  Barter's  preparation 
was  courageously  made  for  death.  In  his  last  days  some  old  friends  who  visited  his 
bed  of  sickness  were  received  with  the  customary  warmth,  which  even  the  severity  of 
his  complaint  could  not  diminish.    To  the  end  he  was  what  he  had  been  in  life,  one 



who  combined  with  brilliant  gifts  a  childlike  simplicity  and  beauty  of  nature  that  won 
for  him  affection  for  his  character  as  much  as  admiration  for  his  abilities. 

Richard  Barter  was  born  in  Macroom,  and  early  showed  a  talent  for  art.  About 
the  age  of  twenty  he  went  to  Dublin  to  study,  and  there  made  many  important 
acquaintances,  amongst  them  no  less  a  personage  than  Daniel  O'Connell,  who  took  a 
great  interest  in  his  progress,  and  was  delighted  with  the  vivacity  and  quaint  humour 
of  his  conversation.  Later  on  he  went  to  London,  where  he  was  well  received  amongst 
the  artistic  fraternity.  There  he  met  Foley,  by  whom  he  was  met  with  the  frank 
comradeship  which  a  great  artist  can  extend  to  an  aspiring  junior,  and  which  after- 
wards, if  of  no  other  avail,  is  cherished  as  a  precious  memory.  He  was  also  able  to 
count  amongst  his  friends,  Mr.  Brock,  the  distinguished  sculptor,  who,  upon  Foley's 
death,  undertook  the  completion  of  his  commissions,  and  executed  them,  as  was 
acknowledged,  in  a  style,  worthy  of  the  designer.  Mr.  Barter  was  very  proud  of  his 
intimacy  with  Mr.  Brock,  whose  kindness  and  sympathy  he  always  heartily  acknow- 

About  the  year  1853,  the  late  Dr.  Barter,  the  well-known  pioneer  of  hydropathy  in 
Ireland,  and  the  actual  founder  of  the  Turkish  bath  as  an  institution  of  these  countries, 
invited  his  namesake  to  St.  Anne's  Hill.  To  this  the  sculptor  was  attracted  by  many 
circumstances.  First,  his  admiration  of  the  doctor,  and  his  well-remembered  and 
much  honoured  wife.  The  beauty  of  the  place  and  its  surroundings  appealed  to  the 
poetic  side  of  his  nature,  and  then  he  was  soon  wrapped  up  in  all  sorts  of  projects 
and  designs  in  connection  with  the  bath  and  its  dependencies.  Finally,  he  built  on 
the  grounds  a  studio  for  himself,  which  constituted  a  sort  of  pied  de  terre,  and,  as  it 
were,  anchored  him  at  St.  Anne's.  The  question  whether  a  man  under  other  circum- 
stances would  have  achieved  greater  success  is  always  a  problematical  one,  but  we 
entertain  very  strongly  the  opinion,  that  if  Barter  had  remained  in  London  to  seek  his 
fortune,  it  would  ultimately  have  come  to  him.  He  had  just  the  kind  of  talent  which 
is  most  marketable.  As  a  rule  his  aims  were  not  of  the  loftiest  character.  He  was 
generally  content  with  an  art  which  in  painting  is  classed  as  genre  work,  though  he 
occasionally  did  soar  higher,  and  not  without  decided  success.  His  productions  were 
beautiful ;  sometimes,  or  they  were  pretty,  or  gay  or  piquant.  He  had  wonderful 
ingenuity,  his  treatment  was  always  original  and  interesting,  and  his  knowledge  of 
anatomy  was  profound.  Then  he  possessed  a  skill  in  portraiture  which  was  surpassing. 
His  perception  of  character,  and  his  gift  of  expressing  it  in  the  lineaments  of  a  subject, 
are  not  often  equalled.  In  an  especial  degree  he  excelled  in  the  faculty  of  producing 
posthumous  portraits,  and  in  these  he  has  succeeded  wonderfully  even  where  he  had 
never  seen  the  originals.  In  proof  of  this  we  need  only  cite  the  bust  of  the  late 
Mr.  Charles  Stewart  Parnell,  which  he  executed  with  only  the  aid  of  a  photograph. 
No  one  need  be  surprised  when  we  say  that  he  had  never  seen  the  famous  politician 
if  the  seclusion  of  his  life,  especially  in  the  later  years,  is  considered.  As  a  matter 
of  fact,  he  never  did  see  him  ;  yet  Mr.  Parnell's  friends  and  admirers  who  have  observed 
the  bust  closely  admit  that  as  a  likeness  it  has  not  been  excelled.  The  same  may  be 
said  of  his  still  more  recent  bust  of  Cardinal  Newman,  whom  likewise  he  had  not 

With  faculties  of  this  sort,  reinforced  by  a  geniality  of  disposition  which  was 
calculated  to  disarm  jealousies  or  enmities,  one  might  say  with  some  confidence  that 
success  would  have  been  fairly  certain  for  him  had  he  resolved  to  pursue  his  career  in 
London.  But  he  loved  his  studio  at  St.  Anne's,  and  the  pleasant  intercourse  with  the 
family  and  the  guests  in  the  establishment.  It  was  gradually  filled  with  artistic  nick- 
nacks  until  it  became  a  bijou  residence  in  itself  replete  with  interest  by  its  appearance 



and  contents,  and  especially  attractive  by  the  friendliness  and  bubbling  humour  of  its 
host.  Nor  were  his  days  here  idle.  On  the  contrary,  he  never  failed  in  commissions 
which  kept  his  time  fully  occupied  and  his  hands  and  brain  engaged  in  the  favourite 
pursuit.  His  atelier  is  stored  with  models  that  attest  his  industry  as  well  as  the 
variety  and  constructiveness  of  his  fancy.  There  are  innumerable  portrait  busts. 
Prominent  amongst  the  imaginative  work  is  a  noble  terminal  figure  intended  to 
sustain  an  electric  light  in  a  great  hall.  His  group  of  "  Friends "  is  a  singularly 
effective  combination  of  animated  boyhood  with  the  humorous  aspect  of  animals. 
The  works  in  the  studio  are  religious,  poetical,  romantic — they  touch  the  domain  of 
art  at  most  of  its  gates.  The  Galway  peasant  and  girl  constitute  a  charming  idyl. 
The  Christ  face,  in  opposition  to  the  face  of  the  Warrior — visitors  to  the  Cork  Exhi- 
bition of  1883  may  remember  the  remarkable  head — suggests  the  possession  of  a 
power  which  he  did  not  always  care  to  put  forth. 

In  attempting  to  present  a  sketch  of  Barter,  it  would  be  a  fault  to  omit  allusion  to 
the  versatility  which  seemed  to  enable  him  to  do  anything  with  his  hands.  He  would 
mend  a  watch,  make  an  artificial  tooth,  design  a  frame  or  a  bracket  with  equal  facility. 
With  a  perfect  ear  for  music  he  was  never  content  with  the  ordinary  facilities,  and 
amongst  his  designs  is  an  instrument  which  combines  the  characteristics  of  a  piano 
and  a  violin.  The  flageolet  was  a  favourite  with  him.  He  used  it  most  effectively  as 
an  accompaniment  for  the  voice.  Another  more  special  employment  it  had  which 
ought  to  be  mentioned.  Of  late  years  he  acquired  the  habit  of  walking  up  the  farm 
of  St.  Anne's  Hill  for  the  sake  of  exercise,  and  as  his  strength  grew  less,  he  had  seats 
placed  at  intervals  where  he  might  rest.  In  these  pauses  it  was  his  habit  to  take  the 
flageolet  out  of  his  pocket  and  amuse  himself  by  playing  on  it.  And  here  occurred  a 
strange  thing.  A  tremendous  bull,  the  monarch  of  the  farm,  gradually  ceased  the 
tremendous  bellow  identified  with  him,  then  approached  the  wall  of  separation  from 
the  road,  and  finally,  as  the  music  became  habitual,  used  to  stroll  over  to  listen  to  it 
with  a  pleased  if  not  critical  air.  This  achievement  gave  great  delight  to  poor  Barter, 
and  he  used  to  tell  it  with  much  glee.  Being  told  by  him  its  accuracy  need  not  be 
doubted ;  but,  to  prevent  cavil,  it  may  be  stated  the  story  is  confirmed  by  Mr.  Barter, 
the  owner  of  the  herd. 

Amongst  the  creations  of  his  skilful  hands,  and  visited  often  by  his  loving  friends, 
Barter  passed  a  tranquil  existence  not  devoid  of  enjoyment,  and  never  rendered  dull 
by  idleness.  He  paid  with  great  regularity  a  visit  to  London,  so  as  to  keep  himself 
in  touch  with  the  progress  of  art,  to  arrange  for  the  production  in  marble  or  bronze, 
as  the  case  might  be,  of  his  own  works,  to  renew  acquaintance  with  his  friends  of  the 
chisel,  and  to  receive  the  hospitalities  of  many  kind  and  generous  patrons.  Thus 
went  by  his  days,  with  less  of  fame,  perhaps,  than  he  might  have  attained  had  he 
been  more  daringly  ambitious,  but  comparatively  free  from  the  fretting  cares  which  so 
often  beset  the  lives  of  those  who  enter  on  a  struggle  in  the  great  arena  of  the  art 

His  example  may  not  be  without  benefit  in  some  important  respects.  The  profes- 
sion of  art  has  sometimes  been  degraded  by  the  career  of  individuals  who  followed 
it ;  Barter's  life  might  be  said  to  reflect  lustre  on  it.  It  was  not  merely  that  his  works 
were  always  pure — his  thoughts  revolted  from  anything  like  sensuality  or  impurity. 
His  habits  were  abstemious  almost  to  asceticism  ;  his  conversation  was  clean  and 
wholesome,  as  well  as  instructive.  Anything  in  art  which  lent  itself  to  immorality 
awakened  in  him  as  much  anger  as  his  gentle  nature  was  capable  of.  In  his  death 
Cork  has  to  record  the  disappearance  of  one  of  those  who  have  most  effectually 
upheld  its  reputation  in  the  domain  of  art,  but  we  hope  the  example  of  devotion  to 



its  service  which  ho  gave  may  not  be  without  efficacy  in  moulding  to  some  extent 
the  character  and  affecting  the  aspirations  of  those  who  arc  on  the  threshold  of  an 
artistic  career. 

On  the  Monday  following  his  death  the  committee  of  the  Crawford  Municipal 
School  of  Art  passed  the  following  resolution  :-— "  Resolved,  that  the  Committee  of  the 
Cork  School  of  Art  have  learned  with  regret  the  death  of  Mr.  Richard  Barter,  who  for 
so  many  years  by  his  admirable  sculpture  sustained  the  highest  traditions  of  art  in 

Since  then  a  small  committee  has  been  formed  with  the  intention  of  erecting  a 
modest  memorial  over  his  grave  in  the  New  Cemetery.  Contributions  are  limited  to 
sums  of  one  pound  and  under,  and  the  Editor  of  this  Journal  will  be  happy  to  forward 
to  it  any  donation  which  may  be  entrusted  to  his  care, 

Thomas  Crosbie. 

jNotes  and  Queries. 


Contributed  by  J.  F.  Lynch  :  Some  Stray  Notes. 

Letters  from  General  Washington  to  Reuben  Harvey,  Esq  ,  of  Cork. 
/.  Buckley :  Motion  of  the  Earth  near  Charleville,  1697. 
C.  O'K.  Smith:  Purceli.. 

Some  Stray  Notes. — The  curious  legend  of  the  impatient  serpent  has  obtained 
a  wide  circulation.  I  heard  it  years  ago  in  Cork,  and  an  old  native  of  Caherconlish 
told  it  to  me  lately.  The  legend  may  have  originated  from  an  old  prophecy  which 
O'Curry  (Lect.  on  MS.  Materials,  426)  translates  from  Leabhar  Mor  Duna  Doighre. 
"Loch  Bel  Sead,  or  the  'lake  of  the  jewel  mouth,'  was  called  also  Loch  Bel  Dragain, 
or  the  '  dragon  mouth  lake';  because  Ternog's  nurse  caught  a  fiery  dragon  in  the  shape 
of  a  salmon,  and  St.  Fursa  induced  her  to  throw  it  into  Loch  Bel  Sead.  And  it  is  that 
dragon  will  come  in  the  festival  of  St.  John,  near  the  end  of  the  world,  in  the  reign  of 
Flann  Cinaidh.  And  it  is  of  it  and  out  of  it  shall  grow  the  Fiery  Bolt  which  will  kill 
three-fourths  of  the  people  of  the  world."  Loch  Bel  Sead  is  now  called  Lough  Muskry, 
from  the  old  territory  of  Muscraidhe  Ui  Chuirc,  in  which  it  is  situated.  This  lake 
originated,  according  to  the  legend,  from  the  playing  of  a  harper  named  Cliach.  He 
stood  so  -long  on  one  spot,  that  the  ground  burst  under  his  feet.  The  old  name  of  the 
Galtee  mountains  is  Crotta  Cliach,  or  the  "harps  of  Cliach."  The  fiery  dragon  will 
begin  his  course  at  Dun  Cearmna,  or  Old  Head  of  Kinsale,  and  will  flash  as  far  as 
Sruibh  Brain,  or  Lough  Foyle.  The  reign  of  Flann  Cinaidh  (voracious)  will  be  a 
momentous  one  for  Cork,  for  during  it  also  will  come  the  broom  out  of  Fanait,  in 
Donegal,  which  will  bring  direful  woe  to  the  people  of  Cork. 

In  the  Smith  MSS.,  Royal  Irish  Academy,  there  is  a  copy  of  a  letter  written 
from  Limerick,  the  13th  August,  1640,  by  John  Holme,  "gentleman  to  the  Lord  Bishopp 
of  Lymerick."  In  this  letter  is  contained  a  very  curious  reference  to  the  enchantment 
of  the  Earl  of  Desmond  at  Lough  Gur.  "Moreover,  a  countrey  ffellow  going  off  to 
Knockiney  (Knockaney)  ffaire  to  sell  his  horse,  a  gentleman  standing  in  the  waye 
demanding  whether  he  would  sell  his  horse,  he  answered  yea,  for  £$  :  the  gentleman 
would  give  him  but  £4.  10s.  od.,  sayinge  he  would  not  get  so  much  at  the  ffaire.  The 
fellow  went  to  the  ffaire,  could  not  get  so  much  money,  and  found  the  gentleman  on 



his  return  in  the  same  place  who  proffered  the  same  money ;  the  fellow  accepted  of  it, 
and  the  other  bid  him  come  in  and  receive  his  money.  He  carried  him  into  a  fine  spacious 
castle,  payed  him  his  money  every  penny,  and  showed  him  the  fairiest  black  horse  the 
fellow  had  ever  seene,  and  told  him  that  that  horse  was  the  Earl  of  Desmond,  and  that 
he  had  three  shoes  alreadye,  when  he  had  the  fourthe  shoe,  which  should  be  very 
shortlie,  then  should  the  earl  be  as  he  was  before,  thus  guarded  with  many  armed  men 
conveying  him  out  of  the  gates.  The  fellow  came  home,  but  never  was  there  any 
castle  in  that  place  either  before  or  since."  I  have  heard  two  variants  of  this  old  story. 
In  one  the  earl's  horse  is  supposed  to  cast  a  shoe;  in  the  other  the  earl  and  his 
attendants  are  said  to  be  asleep  when  the  fellow  is  admitted  into  the  castle.  This 
variant  reminded  me  of  the  story  of  the  Sleeping  Beauty  of  the  Wood,  though  1  would 
not  say  that  it  has  been  borrowed  from  it. 

The  people  have  a  tradition  that  in  one  of  the  dolmens  near  the  lake  there  is 
buried  a  golden  sword  with  the  giant.  Very  curiously,  Dun  Fir  Aen  Cholca,  of  which 
I  made  mention  in  the  Journal Tor  last  month,  means  "the  fort  of  the  man  of  the  one 
sword."  Cole  is  a  short  sword  or  dirk.  I  think  the  substantive  is  not  now  much  used  in 
the  spoken  language,  but  the  adjective  derived  from  it  is  used  in  a  variety  of  ways  ;  for 
instance,  to  denote  a  boiling,  roaring,  troubled  sea,  or  a  very  peevish,  easily-angered, 
touchy  person. 

The  constant  tradition  of  a  castle  at  the  bottom  of  Lough  Gur  probably  took  its 
rise,  as  many  other  like  tales,  from  a  tradition  of  the  crannog  dwellings.  The  old  native 
term  for  crannog  is  now  lost,  but  Mr.  O'Beirne  Crowe  suggests  that  it  might  be  "  sceng," 
which  he  connects  with  the  Sanscrit  "skand"  and  Latin  "scandere."  O'Donovan,  in  Book 
of  Rights,  usually  takes  sceng  to  mean  part  of  the  trappings  of  a  horse,  but  there  is  one 
passage  where  this  meaning  is  not  applicable,  T>e)C  fC]r)5)  ^Ojt  fCjbfeA'E  noi)T>4X, 
"  ten  scings  against  which  the  waves  move."  J.  F.  Lynch. 

Letters  from  General  "Washington,  to  Reuben  Harvey,  Esq.,  of  Cork, 

Conveying  the  thanks  of  the  Congress  of  the  United  States  of  America,  in  1783,  etc. — 

Head  Quarters,  Newburgk, 

2yd  June,  1783. 

Sir,— I  was  yesterday  favoured  with  your  letter  of  the  12th  February,  and  this  day 
I  transmitted  the  papers  which  accompanied  it  to  the  President  of  Congress,  with  a 
letter  of  which  the  enclosed  is  copy. 

Your  early  attachment  to  the  cause  of  this  country,  and  your  exertions  in  relieving 
the  distresses  of  such  of  our  fellow-citizens  as  were  so  unfortunate  as  to  be  prisoners 
in  Ireland,  claim  the  regard  of  every  American,  and  will  always  entitle  you  to  my  par- 
ticular esteem. 

I  shall  always  be  happy  in  rendering  you  every  service  in  my  power. 
Being  with  great  truth,  sir, 

Your  very  obedient  servant, 

G.  Washington. 

Mr.  Reuben  Harvey. 

Head  Quarters,  Newburgh, 

2yd  June,  1783. 

Sir, — I  do  myself  the  honour  to  transmit  your  Excellency  copy  of  a  letter  I  have 
received  from  Mr.  Reuben  Harvey,  of  Cork,  in  Ireland,  and  sundry  papers  which 
accompanied  it.  The  early  part  this  gentleman  appears  to  have  taken  in  the  cause  of 
this  country,  and  his  exertions  in  relieving  the  distresses  of  such  of  our  fellow-citizens 
whom  the  chance  of  war  threw  into  the  hands  of  the  enemy,  entitle  him  to  the  esteem 



of  every  American,  and  will,  doubtless,  have  due  weight  in  recommending  him  to  the 
notice  of  Congress. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be, 

Etc.,  etc.,  etc., 

G.  Washington. 

His  Excellency  the  President  of  Congress. 

JBe  tbe  Tflntteo  States  fit  Congress  Bssembleo. 

July  iZth,  1783. 

On  the  report  of  a  Committee,  to  whom  was  referred  a  letter  of  the  23rd  June,  from 
the  Commander-in-Chief,  enclosing  the  copy  of  a  letter  from  Mr.  Reuben  Harvey, 
merchant  in  Cork,  in  the  kingdom  of  Ireland,  and  other  papers. 

Resolved — "That  his  Excellency,  the  Commander-in-Chief,  be  requested  to  transmit 
the  thanks  of  Congress  to,  Mr,  Reuben  Harvey,  merchant  in  Cork,  in  the  kingdom  of 
Ireland,  and  express  the  just  sense  Congress  entertain  of  the  services  he  has  rendered 
during  the  late  war  to  American  prisoners." 

Cha.  Thomson,  Secretary. 

Head  Quarters,  State  of  New  York, 

August  10th,  1783. 

Sir, — I  am  honoured  with  the  care  of  transmitting  to  you  the  enclosed  resolution  of 
Congress,  expressing  the  sense  which  that  august  body  entertain  of  your  goodness  to 
the  American  prisoners. 

Impressed  as  I  am  with  sentiments  of  gratitude  to  you  for  this  expression  of  your 
benevolence,  I  feel  a  very  particular  gratification  in  conveying  to  you  the  thanks  of  the 
Sovereign  Power  of  the  United  States  of  America,  on  an  occasion,  which,  while  it  does 
honour  to  humanity,  stamps  a  mark  of  particular  distinction  on  you. 

Wishing  you  the  enjoyment  of  health,  with  every  attendant  blessing,  I  beg  you  to 
be  persuaded  that 

I  am,  with  very  particular  respect  and  regard,  sir, 

Your  most  obedient  servant, 

G.  Washington. 

Mr.  Reuben  Harvey. 

Mount  Vernon, 

August  50th,  1784. 

Sir, — Captain  Stickney  has  presented  me  with  your  favour  of  the  25th  May,  together 
with  the  mess  beef  and  ox  tongues,  for  which  you  will  please  to  accept  my  best  thanks. 

I  do  not  grow  tobacco  on  my  estate,  nor  am  I  possessed  of  a  pound  at  this  time, 
otherwise  I  would  with  pleasure  consign  a  few  hhds.  to  your  address,  under  full  per- 
suasion that  no  person  would  do  me  greater  justice  in  the  sale  of  them.  Wheat  and 
flour  of  the  last  year's  produce  is  either  exported  or  consumed — that  of  the  present 
year  is  not  yet  got  to  market ;  what  prices  they  will  bear  is  not  for  me  to  say.  But 
tho'  I  do  not  move  in  the  mercantile  line,  except  in  wheat  (which  I  manufacture  into 
flour),  I  should,  nevertheless,  thank  you  for  any  information  respecting  the  prices  of 
these  articles. 

With  very  great  esteem  and  regard,  I  am  Sir, 

Your  most  obedient  humble  servant, 

G.  Washington. 

Reuben  Harvey,  Esq. 

General  Washington  subsequently  presented  Reuben  Harvey  with  a  gold  ring,  in 
which  was  set  a  minature  portrait  of  himself. 



Motion  of  the  earth  near  Charleville,  1697.— The  following  account  of 
this  phenomenal  occurrence  is  taken  from  a  collection  of  leaflets  in  the  British  Museum, 
press  marked  719,  m.  17  (19),  and  endorsed  "Apparitions  and  Wonders." — 

"  Strange  and  wonderful  news  from  Ireland,  giving  a  Dreadful  RELATION  of 
a  Prodigious  Motion  of  the  Earth 
Near  Charleville  in  the  county  of  Limerick,  in  Ireland,  on  the  7th  day  of  June,  1697, 
carrying  with  it  abundance  of  Acres  of  La?id,  and  a  Bog  of  three  Miles  in  length,  laying 
pafture  land  on  that  which  was  Meadow,  finking  Hills  and  railing  Valleys ;  and  by  what 
means  it  began  and  ceafed  its  motion  :  with  many  other  amazing  things  that  happened 
on  this  marvelous  occafion.    Licenfed  according  to  Order. 

Strange  and  amazing  are  God's  Wonders  in  the  Air,  the  Earth  and  the  Deep, 
whereby  his  Power  and  Might  is  manifefted  to  Mankind,  and  Warnings  given  to  repent 
of  their  sins,  and  avoid  impending  Judgments  ;  for  great  and  terrible  is  his  wrath,  and, 
if  his  indignation  be  kindled,  the  Earth  trembleth,  the  Mountains  melt,  and  the  Rocks 
are  rent  before  his  Fury.  Nor  are  our  Times  free  from  Warnings  and  Timely  Notice 
by  wo?iderful  Prodigies  and  Portents,  That  the  righteous  Judge  of  all  the  Earth  is 
offended  with  us  for  our  Sins ;  and,  amongft  others,  what  we  are  about  to  relate,  may 
appear  of  more  than  ordinary  Concernment,  as  being  a  thing  ftupendious,  or,  as  we  may 
term  it,  Supernatural,  or  contrary  to  the  courfe  and  workings  of  Nature. 

On  the  7th  Day  of  June,  1697,  near  Charleville,  in  the  County  of  Limerick,  in 
Ireland,  a  great  Rtimbling,  or  faint  Noife,  was  heard  in  the  Earth,  much  like  the  Sound 
of  Thunder  near  fpent,  or  Groans  of  Men ;  for  a  little  fpace  the  Air  was  fomewhat 
troubled  with  little  Whisking  Winds,  feeming  to  meet  contrary  ways  :  and,  foon  after 
that,  to  the  greater  Terror  and  Affrightment  of  a  great  number  of  Spectators,  a  more 
wonderful  thing  happened ;  for  in  a  Bog,  about  three  Miles  long,  ftretching  North  and 
South,  the  Earth  began  to  move,  viz.,  16  Acres  of  Meadow  and  Pafture-land  that  lay 
in  the  fide  of  the  Bog,  feparated  by  an  extraordinary  large  Ditch,  and  80  Acres  of  other 
Land  on  the  further  fide  adjoyning  to  it ;  and  a  Riling,  or  little  Hill  in  the  middle  of 
the  Bog  hereupon  funk  flat. 

This  motion  began  about  Seven  of  the  Clock  in  the  Evening,  fluctuating  in  its 
motion  like  Waves,  the  Pafture-land  riling  very  high,  fo  that  it  over-run  the  ground 
beneath  it,  and  moved  upon  its  furface,  rowling  on  with  great  pufhing  violence,  till  it 
had  covered  the  Meadow  of  about  9  Acres,  and  is  held  to  remain  upon  it  16  Foot  deep. 

In  the  Motion  of  this  Earth  it  drew  after  it  the  Body  of  the  Bog,  part  of  it  lying 
on  the  place  where  the  pafture-land  that  moved  out  of  its  place  had  before  flood ;  and 
fo  for  many  Hours  travelling  on  it,  continued  fo  to  do,  till,  as  it  were,  weary  with 
journeying,  it  flood  flill,  leaving  great  Breaches  behind  it,  and  Spewings  of  Water  that 
caft  up  noifom  Vapours :  and  fo  it  continues  at  prefent,  to  the  great  wonderment  of 
thofe  that  pafs  by,  or  come  many  miles  to  be  Eye-witneffes  of  fo  ftrange  a  thing ; 
wherein  appears  the  wonderful  Power  of  Almighty  God,  who  can  do  whatfoever  pleafes 
him  in  Heaven  and  Earth,  against  whom  no  Power  nor  Strength  is  able  to  ftand,  this 
mighty  Mafs  of  Earth  being,  in  comparifon,  as  an  Attorn  before  that  Breath,  at  whofe 
blaft  the  Foundations  of  the  whole  Earth  are  fhaken. 

But,  not  to  comment  on  this  Matter,  that  in  itfelf  is  fo  dreadful  and  amazing,  let 
us  ferioufly  lay  our  Sins  to  Heart,  and  repent  us  of  the  evil  of  our  doings,  and  take 
warning  by  the  wonderful  things  that  happen  ;  for  how  know  we,  but  we  are  they  on 
whom  the  Ends  of  the  World  are  come,  and  fuch  things  may  be  the  Fore-runners  of 
ftrange  Events  ?  However,  fignifie  it  what  it  will,  in  it  self  it  looks  to  be  ftrange  and 



This  is  teftified  by  Mr.  N.  /farris,  who  was  an  cye-witnefs  to  it:  And  the  original 
Letter  that  came  from  Ireland  may  be  seen  at  the  Sieve  in  the  Minorics,  a  Seed-fhop, 
lor  farther  fatisfactiotl. — Loudon:  Printed  by  J.  Wilkins,  Flcet-flreet,  1697." 

J.  Buckley. 

Purcell. — Referring  to  this  name,  which  appears  in  articles  in  recent  numbers  of 
this  Journal,  Mr.  C.  O'K.  Smith  sends  the  following  account  of  an  incident  in  the  career 
of  a  distinguished  member  of  the  family  : — 

"A  Gallant  Defence. 

"  Among  traits  of  bravery  there  is  a  story  of  Sir  John  Purcell's  successful  defence  of 
himself  against  nine  murderous  antagonists,  which  is  of  considerable  interest. 

Highfort,  (0  the  dwelling-house  of  John  Purcell,  esq.,  lies  in  a  secluded  place  between 
Charleville  and  Kanturk,  in  the  county  of  Cork.  In  the  year  181 1  he  was  a  gentleman 
past  the  middle  life.  He  acted  as  agent  for  the  Earl  of  Egmont,  and  for  landed  pro- 
prietors and  others,  and  was  always  most  accurate  in  accounting  for  the  rents.  His 
family  consisted  of  himself,  his  daughter-in-law,  and  her  little  child,  with  two  maids 
and  a  serving  man.  His  house  was  in  a  lonely  spot  in  the  country,  but  he  had  no  fears 
of  anyone  seeking  to  injure  him  ;  he  thought  himself  highly  popular  and  perfectly  safe. 
In  this  he  was  doomed  to  be  undeceived. 

He  had  had  a  fatiguing  day  collecting  rents  on  the  nth  March,  1811.(2)  He  took  his 
solitary  supper  of  cold  meat  and  bread  in  his  bedroom,  and  he  told  the  man-servant 
not  to  sit  up,  as  he  need  not  remove  the  tray  till  the  next  morning. 

Mr.  Purcell's  bedroom  was  on  the  ground  floor,  and  communicated  with  the  parlour 
by  means  of  a  door.  This  door  had,  however,  been  nailed  up,  and  some  of  the  parlour 
furniture,  chairs  and  tables,  placed  against  it,  and  the  only  access  to  the  bedroom  was 
consequently  by  means  of  the  passage.  Having  finished  his  supper,  Mr.  Purcell 
undressed  and  retired  to  rest. 

About  one  o'clock  he  was  aroused  by  a  noise  as  if  some  one  approached  the  windows 
of  the  adjoining  parlour.  He  listened.  The  windows  of  the  parlour  were  pushed  in, 
and  several  men  climbed  through.  As  well  as  he  could  judge  as  each  man  came  down 
with  a  fall  on  the  carpet  he  reckoned  that  about  fourteen  had  entered  the  house. 

Mr.  Purcell  resolved  to  find  out  what  they  came  for,  and  to  defend  his  house.  He 
arose,  but  recollected  with  dismay  that  all  his  weapons  were  in  his  little  office  out  of 
reach,  and  the  only  implement  available  was  the  knife  he  had  used  at  supper,  and  this 
he  found  before  any  attempt  was  made  to  enter  the  bedroom.  Very  soon  he  heard  the 
table  placed  before  the  nailed  door  dragged  away,  and  the  long-disused  door  was  pulled 
open.  The  round  full  moon  looked  brightly  in  through  the  space  from  the  open  parlour 
window,  and  as  Mr.  Purcell  stood  shrouded  in  darkness  he  saw  a  number  of  men,  many 
of  them  bearing  firearms,  and  with  blackened  faces,  crowding  into  the  room.  Purcell 
stood,  knife  in  hand,  perfectly  still,  till  one  of  the  burglars  entered  the  bedroom.  The 
blade  of  the  knife  was  plunged  into  the  intruder's  body,  and  he  reeled  back  swearing 
he  '  was  killed.'  The  man  who  took  his  place  received  a  like  stab,  and  he  fell  back 
crying  out  that  he  was  done  for.  Then  some  one  called  out  '  Fire  !'  and  the  loud  report 
of  a  short  gun  or  blunderbuss  was  the  reply,  but  the  contents  were  only  lodged  in  the 
opposite  wall,  while  as  soon  as  the  smoke  cleared  away,  the  intrepid  Mr.  Purcell  struck 
the  marksman  with  his  knife,  and  sent  him  wounded  to  his  companions.  A  rush  was 
now  made.    He  was  resolved,  however,  not  to  flinch,  and  struck  a  fourth  robber,  but 

(1)  Highfort,  Liscarroll. 

(2)  After  dining  with  Richard  Smith,  land  agent,  Newmarket,  rode  nine  miles  home  at  night, 
having  left  all  his  money  in  Mr.  Smith's  office  safe. 



then  received  a  blow  on  the  head,  and  found  himself  grappled.  In  the  struggle  both 
Mr.  Purcell  and  his  adversary  fell.  Finding  that  his  knife  did  not  act  effectually,  he 
passed  his  finger  along  the  blade  and  found  to  his  dismay  that  it  was  bent  near  the 
point.  He  tried  hard  to  straighten  the  blade  as  he  lay  struggling  with  his  opponent, 
but  soon  the  hold  relaxed,  and  the  man  lay  dead,  and  Mr.  Purcell  gladly  seized  the 
sword  which  he  had  carried  as  a  substitute  for  the  now  useless  knife.  The  gang  now 
began  to  carry  away  their  dead  and  wounded  on  chairs  through  the  parlour  window, 
the  darkness  in  the  bedroom  preventing  them  from  discovering  that  they  were  only 
opposed  by  one  man. 

When  all  were  gone,  Mr.  Purcell  aroused  his  man-servant,  who  lay  in  his  bed  and 
never  came  to  assist  his  master  in  that  terrible  conflict.  The  daughter-in-law  and  child 
were  placed  in  safety  for  the  remainder  of  the  night,  but  the  conflict  was  not  renewed. 

The  news  of  the  attack  and  gallant  defence  spread  far  and  wide,  and  men  of  all 
ranks,  creeds,  and  classes  came  to  offer  their  expressions  of  abhorrence  of  the  attack, 
and  of  admiration  of  the  courage  and  skill  with  which  Mr.  Purcell  had  acted.  The 
party  had  consisted  of  nine  men,  all  armed.  Two  were  killed  in  the  affray,  and  three 
severely  wounded.  Some  of  them  fled,  believing  that  a  strong  force  defended  the 

The  Irish  Government  offered  Mr.  Purcell  the  honour  of  knighthood,  which  he 
accepted.  He  was  called  in  the  country  the  'Blood-red  Knight,'  or  by  some  the  'Knight 
of  the  Knife.' "(s) 

(3)  The  leader  of  the  robbers,  "  Murrish-a-Jacket,"  so  nicknamed  from  wearing  a  soldier's 
red  coat,  was  afterwards  convicted  and  hanged. 

Original  pocunrients. 

5n&ej  aestamentorum  olim  in  IRegistro  Cotcagia:. 

No.                   Name.  Year. 

190  Bennett,  Mary,  of  Maulehollig  .  .  . .  . .  . .  1706 

191  Burnett,  Thomas,  of  Corke  .  .  ..  ..  ..  . .  1707 

192  Bryan,  Richard,  of  Shannaclone  ..  ..  ..  ..  1707 

193  Butler,  Sarah,  of  Kinsale    . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1708 

194  Billon,  Elizabeth,  of  Corke  . .  . .  . .  . .  .  .  1708 

195  6  Brien,  William,  of  Corke  . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1708 

196  Baily,  Ann,  of  Killany        ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1709 

197  Bermingham,  John             .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  1709 

198  Barter,  Francis,  of  Temple  Michael  ..  ..  ..  ,.  1709 

199  Bedford,  Martha,  of  Old  Abby  ..  ..  ..  ..  1709 

200  Barrett,  James,  of  Garryadeen  ..  ..  ..  ..  1710 

201  Barrett,  Edmund,  of  Munniflugh  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  1710 

202  Baily,  Mary,  of  St.  Finbarry's  ..  ..  ..  171 1 

203  Brome,  Joshua,  of  Corke     . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1711 

204  Bernard,  David,  of  Corke    .  .  . .  .  .  . .  171 1 

205  Barry,  Ellinor,  of  Corke      ..  ..  ..  ..  ..1712 

206  Burgess,  Thomas,  of  Labacally  ..  ..  ..  ..  1713 

207  Bidder,  Julius,  mariner       . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1713 






Burnett,  J  times,  of  Corke 

..  1713 

Riin*nw<*9    TfllYiPQ  nf  lCin<^;ilp 

J^lll  1  U  VV  ^Oj    J  tlllJ^O)    W  I    l\lUO(Uv                              .    ,                            ,  , 

• •  1713 

2  I  O 

Rntwnnri    William    nf  Mnvirlrlv 

l^UOVVV/\Hlj      VV   1  1  11,1111,    \Jl     1*IUV  1WWV                     .    ,                            ,  , 

..  1713 


Rillincf    T nli ri  11 1 1:1    nf  IviiiQnlf 

1  Mlllll_,      1  W  1 1  tl  1  1  1  1  Cl,                I\1II.>,1M                                        (    #                              |  j 

..  i7I3 


Bryan,  Andrew,  of  Ross       .            .           ,  . 



Rrvan    lVfrirv  nf  1VT icnpllc 

J^l  VULlj     1  u  d  1  J'  j    \J  1      111                                 ||                            av  || 



7^ail\r   1  linrlpc;   nf  I  nrkp 

1  >iiii>1    >    lull  iv_of  ui  t  -vn  i\v^           9  t                    t  a                    (  t 


9  t  C 

Rnvfpr   CrPnro'P*   nf  Cnrkp 

1 .          ••  1716 


Barrett,  John,  of  Corke 

•  .                    .  .        1  /  1 U 


Boughilly,  John,  of  Corkc   .            .            . , 

1  /  I  / 


Rark-pr  Danipl   nf  Ranrlnn 

1  J  HI  1\  V_  1  j    1/CIL11^1,         1    JLJCI.lll_l.Ull      ai                            11                            |  , 

I  I                II  1/10 

2 19 

Rnrnam    T?ipVm'rrl   nf  Cnrkt^ 

JL-/  111  LlAllii    JL\lV.HCllUf   Ul    V^UllVU   11                         11  11 

I  I                II      I  /  1 0 


Rrirlcrpc:    TT'rIwarrI    nf  TCinQalA 

JJlHIJJLof  -I— f  LI  V  V  CI  I  LI,     L7 1    1\.  1  LI  OCl  1 L.                               «    a                            t  a 



Bridges,  William,  of  Corke 



Rrwanf    T-Tnmv.lTrp\7   nf  f~*nrlVA 

XJiyctiiL,  x a lxiiixjxii c_y,  ui  v>ui ivc                ,  »               ,  , 

•  1               .  .  l/lo 


Rnwprman    Hpnrv   nf  f^nnlinp 

\-> \J  VV  V^l  111  &  11 ,    llV^lll  V  ,    U 1    V-/ •!  || 

.1                 .  .  1/10 


Baily,  Samuel,  of  Admstown 



Buchanan  Robert  of  Corke 


RiiflpT*    Antlinn\7   nf  RallirlialntxriplV 

XJllllCl,  JrxLllUKJLiy i  Ul  JJclliy  IlcllUVVILyiY       «  •                    ,  , 

I  .               II      1  /  1 0 


XJdllCll,   XiiLllliUllU.,  Ul    X  liUlIJCo                     •  •                    «  ■ 

ii                   .  .  l/lO 


Blithman,  Joane,  of  Kinsale 



Bryan,  Robert  of  Cloghine 


Blake,  George,  of  Kinsale 

1 720 


Rpcf    T?JpViarr.    nf  TCincalp 

DCol,   XvlUXldX  LI,  Ul  XYlllodlC       s  a                    •  .                    •  , 

1  I                   I  I       1 721 


Rrnpp   i  narlpci   nf  I  nrlrp 

X->1  ULC,  V_/ ilctl  ICo,  Ul  V^UIXVC        ai                    ,  ,                    ,  , 

1  1                    I  I        1 72 1 

Beecher,  Elizabeth,  of  Aghadown 

T  79  T 

93  /I 

Bryan,  Thomas,  of  Kinsale 




Rmrrv   Tnhn   nf  Cnrkp 

UCli     y  1     1  U11U|    KJ±    V_/  LJ 1                                |    |  ,| 



RaVpr  Thnmas  nf  Cnrlrp 

±J  Cl  IV  L_  1  j      X  11L/111CCO,    Ul                 IIU          «•                            .I                           B  i 

T  IO  A 


Rrnwnp    Aldn    T^rlwarrl    nf  Cnrlrp 

1  Jl  U  VV               X  -V 1  Cl  11 .    IjUVV  ul  Uj    Ul          Ul                        ,    B                           .  . 

T  T?  A 


Rail\r   TnVin    nf  Casstlpmnrp 

yjo. 1 1^ ,  j  uniij  ui  ucioiiv-iiiiui  ^  ii                 ii  ii 


"Rprlfnrr]    Tnlin    nf  C*r\Y\ze± 

XJCLIIUIU.,  J  UI111,  UI  V^UXXVC          ii                    «i                    ,  i 



Bodwing,  Robert,  of  Kinsale 

T  79  C 


JL>I  UUiio,    VV  Illldlll,  Ul  AOdllLly   ,  •                    ,  ,                    ,  , 



Bouhilly,  Darby,  of  Blarney  Lane     . . 

1 726 


Best,  Mary,  of  Kinsale 



Rarr!!    \A7illiam    nf  Ranrlnff 

Uai  i  ex,    vv  miciiii,  ui  i-f  ci  iiu.  nil   ii                 ii  ii 

1 726 


"RirH    TnVin    nf  ^slrPrl p  orVi 

U 11  LI,  J  UXX1X,   Ul  OlVCl  Id^ll            .I                    ,  .  I. 



"Ructpprl    "RipViarrl    nf  TVTulinn 

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Bichford,  John,  of  Kinsale  .            , ,  , 



CYRripn   Tlinrlv   nf  ^rnrtr^nrrv 

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Riirrnw<5    Ann    nf  Rii tlpr«:fnwn 

UUllUWOj    ^lllll,    Ul    UULl^lOlUVVll                        ii  ii 



Bull,  William,  of  Bandon 



Bryan,  Dennis,  of  Corke 

. .  1728 


Barry,  William,  of  Corke 

..  1728 


Brandreth,  Elizabeth,  of  Corke 

. .  1728 


Byrne,  George,  of  Knockshanavay 

. .  1728 


Ballaire,  Benjamin,  of  Corke 

..  1728 



No.                 Name.  Year. 

257  Bussell,  William,  of  Corke  . .  ..  ..  ..  ..  1728 

258  Beamish,  Thomas,  of  Raharone  . .  . .  . .  . .  1729 

259  Baker,  Henry,  of  Corke      .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  . .  1729 

260  Body,  Alexander,  of  Corke  .  .  ..  ..  ..  ..  1729 

261  Browne,  James,  of  Corke    . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1729 

262  Birchfield,  John,  of  Corke   .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  1729 

263  Berry,  Thomas,  of  Corke    . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1730 

264  Bowler,  Ferdinand,  of  Kinsale  ..  ..  ..  ..  1730 

265  Bishop,  Robert,  of  Kinsale  . .  . .  .  .  . .  . .  1730 

266  Banfield,  John,  of  Ardkahan  ..  ..  ..  ..  1730 

267  Brothers,  John      . .           . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1731 

268  Bonbonus,  John,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1731 

269  Blennerhassett,  Benjn.,  of  Corke  (sic)  .,  ..  ..  1731 

270  Bently,  Thomas,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1731 

271  Boyle,  Thomas,  mariner     ..  ..  ..  , ,  ..  1731 

272  Bennett,  Richard,  of  St.  Margt's.,  Westminster  ..  ..  1731 

273  Brawly,  Hugh,  of  Corke     ..  ..  ..  ..  •. .  1732 

274  Bishop,  John,  of  Kinsale    -. .  . .  . .  .  .  . .  1732 

275  Baily,  Ann,  of  Parish  of  Moviddy  .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  1732 

276  Baily,  George,  of  Ballygowan  . .  . .  . .  . .  1733 

277  Beare,  Ellinor,  of  Corke      .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1733 

278  Bennett,  Philip,  of  Maulnahollig  .',  ..  ..  ..  1733 

279  Barry,  David,  of  Corke       ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1733 

280  Blazeby,  James,  of  Cahirgall  ..  ..  ..  1733 

281  Bridges,  Edward,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1734 

282  Bowen,  Timothy,  of  Kinsale  ..  ..  ..  ..  1734 

283  Barrett,  Samuel,  of  Corke  . .  . .  .  ;  . .  . .  1734 

284  Bennett,  John,  of  Cloghnakilty  ..  ..  ..  ..  1734 

285  Beamish,  Richard,  Ballanard  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1734 

286  Burges,  John,  of  Knocklaragh  ..  ..  ..  ..  1734 

287  Bullen,  William,  of  Kinsale  .  .  ..  ..  ..  ..  1734 

288  Boyle,  Sarah,  of  Corke       ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1734 

289  Broffe,  Mary,  of  Corke       .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  1735 

290  Barry,  William,  of  Corke,  mariner    . .  . .  . .  J735 

291  Baily,  Sarah         . .           .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  . .  1735 

292  Barbotin,  Hester  . .          . .  .  .  .  .  . .  . .  1735 

293  Birchfield,  Catherine,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1736 

294  Bernard,  Arthur,  of  Pallas  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1736 

295  Barker,  Mary,  of  Bandon    .  .  „,  ..  .  .  .  .  .  .  1736 

296  Bousfield,  Benjn.,  of  Ardrally  ..  ..  ..  ..  1736 

297  Bernard,  Jane,  of  Corke      ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1736 

298  Barry,  Edmd.,  of  Corke,  scrivener  . .  . .  .  .  .  .  1736 

299  Braly,  Catherine,  widow     . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1737 

300  Banfield,  Stephen,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  1737 

301  Bennett,  John       . .           .  .  .  .  . .  . .  . .  1738 

302  Barry,  James,  of  Ballinalty  , .  . .  . .  . .  1739 

303  Bourne,  John,  of  Bandon    . .  . .  . .  . .  .  .  1739 

304  Barnett,  Elizabeth,  of  Corke  . .  .  .  . .  . .  1739 

305  Barker,  John,  of  Kinsale     ..  ..  ..  ..  . .  1739 




No.                  Name.  Yeak. 

306  Banfield,  Jane,  of  East  Skchanagh  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1739 

307  Billon,  Catherine    .  .          ...  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1739 

308  Barry,  David,  of  Corke       .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  1740 

309  Baily,  Thomas,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1740 

310  Blanshat,  John,  of  Corke     ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1740 

311  Browne,  Ann,  of  Cork        ..  ..  ..  ..  ,,  1740 

312  Bryan,  Diana,  of  Roscarbcry  ..  ..  ..  ..  1740 

313  Brewster,  Ann,  of  Hilltown  ..  ..  ..  ..  1741 

314  Brooks,  Jane,  of  Corke       ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1741 

315  Barter,  John,  of  Cooldaniel  ..  ..  ..  ..  1742 

316  Beecher,  Jo]in,  of  Bristol     . .  . .  . ..  . .  .  .  1742 

317  Browne,  Margaret,  of  Corke  .  .  ..  ..  ..  1743 

318  Banfield,  Thomas,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1743 

319  Beale,  CabeJ,  of  Corke       .., .  ....  ..  ..  ..  1743 

320  Bouisx,  Peter,  of  Corke       ..  ...  ..  ..  .  1744 

321  Byrne,  James,  ship  carpenter  ..  ..  ..  ..  1744 

322  Beeche,  Samuel,  of  Passage  ..  ..  ..  ..  1744 

323  Bonbonus,  Joseph,  of  Corke  . .  . .  . .  . .  1744 

324  Bond,  William,  of  Ballyrosheen  ..  ..  ..  ...  1745 

325  Bishop,  Barnabas,  of  Knockiloosy  ..  ..  ..  ..  1746 

326  Bridges,  William,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1746 

327  Bennett,  John,  of  Corke     . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1747 

328  Bourne,  Richard,  of  Cloncalabeg  . .  .  .  . .  . .  1747 

329  Bulman,  Edward,  of  Bandon  .  .  . .  . .  .  .  1747 

330  Boland,  Thomas,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1747 

331  Bullen,  John,  of  Currahoo  ..  ..  ..  ..  1748 

332  Barren,  Margery,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1748 

333  Bennis,  John,  of  Corke       ..  . .  ..  ..  ..  1748 

334  Barrett,  John,  of  Corke       ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1748 

335  Baker,  Frances,  of  Corke    . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1749 

336  Browne,  William,  of  Coolcoosane  ..  ..  ..  ..  1749 

337  Burread,  Robert,  of  Ringour  ..  ..  ..  ..  1749 

338  Bodwin,  George,  of  Corke  . .  . .  . .  . .  1749 

339  Bohilly,  Teige,  of  Blarney  Lane  . .  . .  . .  . .  1749 

340  Beamish,  Francis,  of  Kilmalooda  ..  ..  ..  ..  1749 

341  Boyle,  Anne,  of  Corke        . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1749 

342  Baily,  John,  of  Ballincranig  ..  ..  ..  ..  1749 

343  Baker,  Robert,  of  Corke      .  .  .  .  . .  . .  . .  1750 

344  Burnett,  Cecilia,  of  Corke  . .  .  .  . .  ■        . .  . .  1750 

345  Bryant,  George,  of  Kinsale  . .  . .  . .  . .  1750 

346  Baldwin,  Henry,  of  Garraneacoonig  . .  . .  . .  1750 

347  Barter,  Thomas,  of  Annaghmore  . .  . .  . .  . .  1750 

348  Barry,  Richard,  of  Passage  . .  . .  .  .  .  .  175 1 

349  Bonniott,  Lucy,  of  Corke    ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  175 1 

350  Bingham,  Qeorge,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1752 

351  Bridges,  William,  of  Bandon  ..  ..  ..  ..  1752 

352  Blurton,  Edward,  surveyor  of  excise  . .  . .  . .  . .  1752 

353  Baron,  John,  of  Corke,  clothier  . .  . .  . .  . .  1753 

(  To  be  continued). 

Second  Series. — Vol.  II.,  No.  15.] 

[March,  1896. 

1                .%  Mk 



Cork  Historical  &  Archaeological 


)\n  historical  Recount  0)  \\\<z  pominicar\s  of  CorK, 

From  1229,  the  year  of  their  first  foundation  in  the  City,  to  our  own  times. 
By  REV.  JAMES  A.  DWYER,  O.P. 

Chapter  VI. 


HE  Episcopal  Jubilee  of  Pius  IX.  was  celebrated  with 
great  pomp  in  Rome  on  the  3rd  June,  1877.  The 
bishop  and  priests  of  Cork,  desirous  of  participating  in 
the  universal  joy  of  Christendom,  decided  on  having 
the  city  illuminated,  and  the  following  quotation  from 
the  Examiner  of  June  8th  conveys  some  idea  of  the 
enthusiasm  of  the  citizens  on  the  occasion  : — 
"There  has  certainly  been  nothing  of  its  kind  seen  in  Cork  within  living  memory 
that  could  be  at  all  compared  with  the  illuminations  of  last  evening.  All  the  trades 
that  come  into  requisition  on  such  an  occasion  —  gasfitters,  painters,  decorators, 
chandlers,  etc. — all  had  their  hands  filled  to  overflowing  by  the  demands  of  the  in- 
tending illuminators,  and  although  aid  was  in  many  instances  procured  from  Dublin 
and  other  places,  it  was  found  impossible  to  execute  more  than  half  the  orders.  But 
these  were  mere  matters  of  art.  Nature,  too,  was  very  largely  laid  under  contribution, 
and  the  quantity  of  green  boughs,  and  sometimes  whole  trees,  that  were  brought  into 
the  city,  would,  if  gathered  together,  have  made  up  a  respectable  forest.  The  great 
thing  to  be  observed  concerning  the  demonstration  last  night  was  its  universality. 



St.  Mary's  Church  was  certainly  one  of  the  most  picturesque  and  most  tastefully 
decorated  buildings  in  the  city.  The  Priory  was  surmounted  with  a  large  number  of 
flags,  combining  a  variety  of  colours,  and  presenting  altogether  a  tasteful  picture.  All 
the  windows  were  gaily  lit  up  with  candles  and  lamps.  The  church  itself  was  a  marvel 
of  prcttiness;  the  statue  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  on  the  top  of  the  edifice  was  brilliantly 
illuminated.  The  coronet  on  the  head  of  our  Lady  was  all  aflame  with  little  gas  jets, 
and  a  collection  of  jets  also  lay  at  her  feet.  The  portico  was  bedecked  with  flags,  and 
each  end  of  it  was  topped  with  a  flag — one  bearing  the  Papal  arms,  the  other  was 
white  with  a  rich  red  cross  on  it.  .  .  .  At  this  point  they  had  spanned  the  river 
with  a  great  number  of  beautiful  flags.  From  the  centre  of  the  line  depended  a  large 
handsome  banner,  on  which  were  depicted  the  tiara  and  the  cross-keys,  surmounted  by 
the  sacred  motto,  'Gloria  in  Excelsis,'  and  underneath  'Long  live  Pius  IX.'  On  the 
right  hand  was  a  shield  bearing  the  inscription  '  Signum  Fidei,'  and  on  the  other  shield, 
'  Ireland  and  Italy.'  On  the  river  they  had  tar-barrels,  and  along  the  quays  a  still 
greater  number.    There  was  a  band  in  attendance  throughout  the  evening." 

Eight  months  after  this  imposing  display  of  love  and  veneration,  the 
sad  news  of  the  Pope's  death  was  flashed  by  telegraph  to  the  ends  of 
the  earth.  Pius  IX.  died  on  the  7th  February,  1878,  and,  as  in  the  pre- 
vious June  his  Episcopal  Jubilee  was  celebrated  with  every  token  of  joy, 
so  now  sorrow  was  everywhere  manifested,  and  many  were  the  fervent, 
heartfelt  prayers  offered  for  the  soul  of  the  deceased  Pontiff.  A  solemn 
requiem  high  mass  was  celebrated  in  St.  Mary's  Church  on  the  12th. 
The  sanctuary  and  apse  were  draped  in  black,  and  around  the  high 
catafalque  erected  in  the  centre  of  the  church,  as  in  other  parts  of  the 
sacred  building,  were  suspended  various  shields  descriptive  of  the  prin- 
cipal events  in  the  reign  of  His  Holiness.  On  the  eastern  tower  was 
likewise  raised  the  Papal  standard  at  half-mast.  All  the  churches  of  the 
city  continued  to  exhibit  signs  of  mourning  until  the  election  of  Leo  XIII. 
as  universal  pastor  of  the  church  and  bishop  of  Rome.  The  new  Pope 
was  crowned  on  the  3rd  March,  with  as  much  solemnity  as  was  possible 
under  the  trying  circumstances  which  then  prevailed. 

After  an  interval  of  seven  years,  during  which  time  the  Dominicans 
were  governed  by  a  vicar-general,  the  Most  Rev.  Joseph  Larocca  suc- 
ceeded Father  Jandel  as  master-general  of  the  Order.  He  was  elected 
in  October  of  this  year,  and  was  a  man  who,  like  his  predecessor,  was 
gifted  with  the  spirit  of  zeal  and  prudence. 

The  marble  pulpit(l>  in  St.  Mary's  Church  was  inaugurated  on  the 
30th  May,  1880,  the  opening  sermon  being  preached  by  the  Most  Rev. 
Dr.  Fitzgerald,  bishop  of  Ross,  who  made  an  eloquent  appeal  to  those 
present  to  aid  in  liquidating  the  debt,  £500,  most  of  which  was  realized 
by  the  exertions  of  the  members  of  the  Confraternity  of  St.  Thomas 
Aquinas,  which  association  is  appropriately  called  the  "Angelic  Warfare." 

(1)  It  was  designed  according  to  the  Italian  renaissance,  a  style  which  prevailed  in 
Italy  during  the  fourteenth  and  two  succeeding  centuries. 


The  following  words  in  gilt  letters  are  inscribed  on  its  base — "In  honour 
of  St.  Thomas  of  Aquin,  their  holy  patron,  this  pulpit  was  erected  by 
the  exertions  of  the  young  men  of  the  Sodality  of  the  'Angelic  Warfare,' 

Just  a  month  after  this  ceremony,  the  priorship  of  St.  Mary's  being 
vacant,  the  Very  Rev.  Father  Carbery,  ex-provincial,  was  elected  to  the 
office.  His  return  to  Cork  was  universally  hailed,  as  he  was  much 
beloved  by  all  classes  whilst  previously  living  in  the  city     He  did  not 

Most  Rev.  Dr.  Carbery,  O.P. 

{Late  Bishop  of  Hamilton,  Canada.) 

however  retain  the  position  long,  as  about  two  months  afterwards  he  was 
summoned  to  Rome  by  the  General,  who  appointed  him  his  assistant. 
After  three  years  residence  in  Rome  he  was  promoted  by  His  Holiness, 
Leo  XIII.,  to  the  Episcopal  See  of  Hamilton,  in  Canada.  Though  he 
presided  only  four  years  over  this  diocese,  we  are  told  that  he  erected 
several  churches,  colleges,  and  schools — which  are  monuments  of  his 
great  zeal  and  activity — and  promoted  by  word  and  example  the  love 
of  religion  and  piety.  No  wonder  then  that  he  was  affectionately 
remembered  by  the  people  whose  spiritual  interests  he  so  well  guarded. 
Dr.  Carbery  came  to  Cork  at  the  close  of  the  year  1887  with  the  inten- 


tion  of  visiting  Rome  on  the  occasion  of  the  Papal  Jubilee,  but  his  health, 
already  impaired,  became  gradually  weaker,  and  he  passed  away  leaving 
many  dear  friends  to  mourn  his  loss.  After  office  and  high  mass  at 
St.  Mary's,  his  remains  were  transferred  to  Limerick  and  laid  under 
St.  Saviour's  Church,  in  the  vault  which  was  built  according  to  his  own 
design.  The  following  sketch  of  his  life  will,  I  doubt  not,  be  of  interest 
to  those  who  were  acquainted  with  the  deceased. 

He  was  born  in  county  Westmeath  in  1822,  and  made  his  preparatory 
studies  in  the  seminary  of  Navan.  When  nineteen  years  of  age  he  went 
to  Rome,  and  entered  the  Dominican  Order.  Having  completed  his 
studies  in  the  "  Eternal  City,"  he  was  ordained  priest  and  returned  to 
Ireland.  The  first  sphere  of  his  labours  was  St.  Mary's,  Pope's  Quay, 
where  for  ten  years  and  two  months  he  exercised  the  sacred  duties  of  his 
ministry.  At  the  time  of  his  death  one  of  the  local  papers  observed  that 
"  though  many  years  have  passed  since  he  lived  among  the  people  of 
Cork,  the  memory  of  Father  Carbery  is  still  fresh  in  the  minds  of  those 
who  knew  him,  and  the  kindly  demeanour  and  kindlier  actions  of  the 
young  Dominican  are  still  cherished  and  fondly  remembered." 

Recognising  his  sterling  worth,  the  Provincial  appointed  him  prior 
of  St.  Mary's,  Limerick,  where,  as  in  Cork,  he  produced  a  lasting  im- 
pression for  good  on  the  hearts  of  all  with  whom  he  came  in  contact. 
Young  men  especially  were  the  objects  of  his  untiring  zeal,  and  there 
are  many  still  living  who  ascribe  to  him  their  success,  both  in  spiritual 
and  temporal  affairs.  After  some  years  he  was  elected  to  the  responsible 
position  of  provincial.  Then,  as  already  stated,  he  became  companion 
to  the  General,  and  subsequently  bishop  of  Hamilton. 

On  account  of  his  intimate  connection  with  the  Dominicans  of 
Ireland,  and  more  especially  those  of  Cork,  it  is  with  pleasure  I  would 
ask  my  readers  to  dwell  with  me  for  awhile  on  the  distinguished  career 
of  our  present  bishop,  the  Most  Rev.  Dr.  O'Callaghan.  The  South 
Parish  claims  to  be  his  birthplace.  He  was  born  in  1839,  and  at  an 
early  age  was  placed  in  the  North  Monastery,  under  the  care  of  the 
Christian  Brothers,  who  instilled  into  his  mind  not  only  the  principles 
of  solid  piety,  but  likewise  those  of  profane  learning,  for  which  he 
manifested  a  great  aptitude.  As  he  grew  up  he  attended  a  school  at 
Sunday's  Well  conducted  by  Mr.  D.  O'Connor,  and  afterwards  received 
lessons  in  the  classics  from  Mr.  O'Sullivan,  South  Mall,  whence  he 
passed  to  the  grammar  school  of  St.  Mary's  Priory,  where  his  desire  to 
enter  the  Order  was  matured.  In  1857  he  entered  the  noviciate  at 
Tallaght,  the  Rev.  Father  Thomas  Burke  being  then  master  of  the 
novices.  Having  made  his  profession,  he  studied  philosophy  under 
same  gifted  teacher.    Then  he  left  for  San  Clemente,  Rome,  and  attended 


the  theological  lectures  delivered  by  a  Dominican  at  the  famous  college 
of  the  Minerva.  He  was  elevated  to  the  priesthood  in  1864.  After 
twelve  months  he  returned  to  Ireland,  and  was  assigned  to  the  convent 
of  Tallaght,  where  for  six  years  he  was  employed  in  teaching.  He  was 
then  sent  to  Cork,  but  in  1872  contracted  the  smallpox  which  then 
raged  in  the  city,  and  after  a  long  illness  was  again  restored  to  his  usual 

Most  Rev.  Dr.  O'Callaghan,  O.P. 

{Bishop  of  Cork) 

health  and  vigour.  In  the  following  year  he  was  appointed  prior  of  the 
West  Convent,  which  is  situated  in  Claddagh,  a  poor  though  romantic 
spot  in  Galway.  This  position  he  held  scarcely  twelve  months,  when  he 
became  superior  of  St.  Catherine's  Priory  in  Newry.  After  an  interval 
of  five  years  he  again  went  to  Rome,  where  the  students  of  San  Clemente 
were  placed  under  his  care. 

The  Rev.  Father  Mullooly  dying  about  this  time,  Father  O'Callaghan 


succeeded  him  as  prior  of  the  Irish  Dominican  College/*)  This  posi- 
tion he  filled  with  honour  for  some  years,  when  in  June,  1884,  he  was 
appointed  coadjutor-bishop  of  Cork.  His  consecration  took  place  on  the 
Feast  of  SS.  Peter  and  Paul,  in  the  Church  of  San  Clcmcnte,  which  was 
splendidly  decorated  for  the  occasion.  Cardinal  Simconi,  prefect  of  the 
Propaganda,  was  the  celebrant,  assisted  by  Monsignor  Salua,  O.P.,  com- 
missary of  the  Holy  Inquisition,  and  by  Dr.  Kirby,  of  the  Irish  College. 

About  a  month  afterwards,  on  the  2nd  of  August,  Dr.  O'Callaghan 
arrived  in  Cork,  and  was  received  enthusiastically  by  the  people.  On 
the  death  of  Dr.  Delany,  one  of  the  most  eminent  bishops  of  this 
century,  Dr.  O'Callaghan,  by  right  of  succession,  took  possession  of  the 
diocese.  In  order  to  give  some  idea  of  what  he  has  done  since  then  it  is 
merely  necessary  to  quote  the  words  of  the  Irish  Catholic  of  the  8th 
September,  1888  : — "To  speak  in  detail  of  Dr.  O'Callaghan's  services  to 
the  Church  since  he  has  been  raised  to  the  episcopate  would  be  impos- 
sible within  the  limits  at  our  disposal,  but  it  is  no  exaggeration  to  say 
that  his  lordship  has  displayed  in  the  great  sphere  of  duty  to  which  he 
has  been  called  those  characteristic  virtues  of  humility,  devotion,  and 
self-abnegation,  as  well  as  of  firmness,  in  every  righteous  cause,  which 
have  always  rendered  him  the  beloved  of  his  brethren  in  religion,  and 
the  esteemed  and  revered  friend  of  those  beneath  his  sway."  May  God 
prolong  his  life  to  continue  the  glorious  work  in  which  he  is  engaged — 
ad  multos  annos. 

A  little  more  than  three  months  after  Dr.  O'Callaghan's  consecration 
the  Most  Rev.  Dr.  Hyland  closed  his  earthly  career.  He  was,  as  my 
readers  may  remember,  especially  connected  with  St.  Mary's.  His 
death  occurred  at  Trinidad,  at  the  early  age  of  forty-seven  years,  but 
though  his  life  was  short,  it  was  full  of  merits  and  good  works.  He  was 
born  in  Dublin  in  1837,  of  a  good  pious  family,  four  members  of  which 
entered  the  religious  state/3)  The  deceased  prelate  joined  the  Dominican 
Order  in  1856,  and,  like  the  bishop  of  Cork,  made  his  noviciate  at 
Tallaght,  under  the  care  of  Father  Burke.  Having  been  professed,  he 
went  to  Rome  to  complete  his  studies,  to  which  he  applied  himself  with 
great  assiduity  and  marked  success.  In  1861  he  was  raised  to  the  priest- 
hood, and,  returning  to  Ireland  in  the  following  year,  was  immediately 
assigned  to  Holy  Cross  Abbey,  Tralee,  whence  after  twelve  months  he 
went  to  Cork.    There  are  still  in  our  city  so  many  devoted  friends  by 

(2)  Father  Mullooly  was  deservedly  considered  a  most  distinguished  antiquarian. 
It  was  he  who  discovered  the  ancient  (now  the  subterranean)  Church  of  San  Clemente. 

(3)  His  brother,  the  Very  Rev.  Clement  Hyland,  o.s.F.,  was  guardian  of  the  convent 
of  his  Order,  where  he  resided  at  the  time  of  the  bishop's  death,  and  two  sisters  had 
become  "  Poor  Clares." 


whom  he  is  remembered  that  it  is  unnecessary  to  dwell  at  length  on  the 
qualities  which  distinguished  Father  Hyland.  His  zeal,  eloquence,  and 
self-sacrifice  in  the  exercise  of  his  sacred  office  are  proverbial.  During 
his  stay  in  Cork  he  not  only  worked  for  the  welfare  of  the  people,  but 
was  likewise  employed  in  teaching  the  students  of  St.  Mary's,  and  was  at 
the  same  time  archivist  of  the  convent.(4)  The  fruits  of  his  energy  in  this 
interesting  sphere  have  been  such  as  to  considerably  lighten  the  labours 
necessarily  entailed  on  the  writer  of  this  historical  account. 

Most  Rev.  Dr.  Hyland,  O.P. 

{Late  Coadjutor-Bishop  of  Port  of  S/ain.) 

For  more  than  sixteen  years  Father  Hyland  thus  devoted  himself  to 
the  interests  of  religion,  and  in  1880  was  deservedly  promoted  to  the 
priorship  of  Tralee.  Two  years  subsequently  he  was  appointed  coadjutor 
of  the  Most  Rev.  Dr.  Gonin,  O.P.,  archbishop  of  Trinidad.  His  consecra- 
tion took  place  in  the  church  of  San  Clemente,  Rome,  on  the  30th  April, 
1882/5)  the  celebrant  being  his  Eminence  Cardinal  McCabe,  the  late 
archbishop  of  Dublin.  He  then  went  without  delay  to  Port  of  Spain, 
where  he  literally  wore  himself  out  in  the  service  of  his  Divine  Master, 

(4)  Father  Dwyer,  o.P.,  succeeded  him  in  this  office  in  November,  1890. 

(5)  The  title  assumed  by  him  was  that  of  Bishop  of  "  Evrea." 


and  after  two  years  died  from  the  effects  of  a  virulent  climatic  fever,  his 
constitution,  already  enfeebled,  being  unable  to  cope  with  the  descasc. 
May  his  memory  be  cherished,  and  may  his  noble  example  ever  live  in 
the  minds  of  his  brethren  and  of  his  numerous  friends. 

At  the  close  of  the  visitation  in  June,  1885,  the  Very  Rev.  J.  T.  Towers, 
provincial,  made  the  following  observations  : — "  Since  the  last  visitation 
the  province,  and  this  house  in  particular,  have  had  to  lament  the  death 
of  the  Very  Rev.  Father  Willard.  The  greater  part  of  his  holy  life  was 
spent  in  St.  Mary's,  of  which  he  was  a  son.  Here  he  edified  his  brethren 
by  his  sanctity,  zeal,  and  self-sacrifice.  Stricken  down  in  the  prime  of 
life  by  a  painful  malady,  he  bore  his  trial  with  patience  and  resigna- 
tion, so  that  when  summoned  hence  his  death  was  like  his  life,  "precious 
in  the  sight  of  God."<6> 

Father  Willard  was  so  well  known  in  our  city  that  it  is  unnecessary 
to  add  to  the  above  testimony  of  his  worth.  Suffice  it  to  say  that  his 
sterling  qualities  were  so  much  appreciated  by  his  brethren  they  elected 
him  several  times  to  the  responsible  position  of  prior,  both  in  Cork  and 

His  remains  were  laid  in  St.  Mary's  Cemetery,  and  the  following 
simple  lines  inscribed  on  the  tombstone : — 

"Pray  for  the  repose  of  the  soul  of  Rev.  John  Willard,  S.T.B., 
who  died  Sept.  28,  1884.    Aged  fifty-eight  years.    R.I. P." 

On  the  4th  February,  1890,  the  Most  Rev.  Dr.  Flood,  O.P.,  was  in- 
vested with  the  pallium  as  archbishop  of  Port  of  Spain.  The  ceremony 
took  place  in  the  cathedral  of  Trinidad,  the  Most  Rev.  Dr.  Butler,  S.J., 
bishop  of  Demerara,  officiating.  Amongst  the  many  distinguished 
persons  present  was  the  Governor  of  Trinidad. 

Dr.  Flood  has  laboured  strenuously  for  the  welfare  of  those  committed 
to  his  care.  The  grand  results  which  have  attended  his  untiring  efforts 
should  not  surprise  us  if  we  consider  the  high  qualities  of  mind  and 
heart  with  which  he  is  endowed.  We  wish  him,  then,  many  years  of 
happiness  and  success  in  the  good  work  in  which  he  is  engaged/?) 

The  Very  Rev.  B.  T.  Russell,  whose  name  is  well  known  to  our 
readers,  died  on  the  10th  July,  1890,  in  the  Dominican  Priory,  Cork. 
{See  portrait,  page  407,  No.  9,  September,  1895,  of  this  Journal.) 
His  career  was  most  distinguished.    For  seventy-four  years  he  shone 

(6)  A  reference  was  likewise  made  to  the  new  high  altar,  at  the  erection  of  which 
the  baldachino  was  raised  to  its  present  height.  This  altar  was  consecrated  by  the 
Most  Rev.  Dr.  O'Callaghan  on  the  1st  May,  1888. 

(7)  The  name  of  Father  Vincent  Flood  is  mentioned  in  the  "  Records"  of  St.  Mary's 
Priory  early  in  the  year  1870. 


amongst  his  brethren  as  a  leader  and  an  ornament  in  the  Order  to 
which  he  belonged.  He  bore  an  extraordinary  love  to  the  habit  of 
St.  Dominic,  and,  being  desirous  of  spending  his  life  as  an  humble  friar, 
could  not  be  induced  to  accept  the  episcopal  dignity  to  which  he  had 
been  nominated.  The  personal  friend  of  many  great  men,  he  never 
aspired  to  other  title  than  that  of  "  friar  preacher." 

He  was  born  in  Cork  on  the  27th  March,  1799,  and  entered  the 
Order  when  eighteen  years  old.    Having  finished  his  studies  *in  Corpo 

Most  Rev.  Dr.  Flood,  O.P. 

{Archbishop  of  Port  of  Spain. 

Santo,  he  returned  in  1823  to  his  native  city,  where,  heedless  of  contempt 
and  prejudice,  which  in  those  days  was  frequently  the  portion  of  priest 
and  friar,  he  preached  and  laboured  unceasingly  in  the  old  chapel  of 
Dominick  Street. 

When,  in  1829,  Catholic  Emancipation  was  granted  to  Ireland,  our 
"  silver  tongued  preacher,"  as  he  was  called,  making  an  appeal  on  behalf 
of  the  Christian  Brothers'  Schools,  thrilled  his  audience  by  the  following 
expressive  words  : — "  Let  us  give  glory  to  God  to-day,  for  to-day  we  are 
free  ;  our  bonds  have  been  broken,  and  we  are  delivered  ;  but  no !  we  are 
not  all  free.    There  is  one  slave  in  your  midst,  and  that  is  he  who 


addresses  you.  Yes,  my  brethren,  yes,  I,  alas!  am  still  a  slave,  for  I 
am  still  in  the  eyes  of  the  law  a  felon. "(8)  This  feeling  of  slavery  did  not, 
however,  deter  him  from  exercising  his  ministry  in  pulpit  and  confessional 
during  his  long  and  laborious  life. 

His  uprightness  of  character,  blended  with  sweetness  and  discretion 
as  well  as  deep-seated  piety,  attracted  not  only  the  young,  but  those 
advanced  in  years.  Mis  Order  was  to  him  as  poverty  to  St.  Francis  of 
Assysium,  "  his  spouse  and  his  queen."  He  lived  only  for  its  advance- 
ment, and  his  heart  seemed  to  throb  only  for  its  welfare.  We  need  but 
look  on  St.  Mary's,  its  church  and  priory,  both  built  by  him,  which  are 
ornaments  to  our  city,  and,  we  trust,  fountains  of  good — spiritual  and 
temporal — to  glean  some  idea  of  Father  Russell's  capabilities  and  well- 
regulated  zeal. 

His  peaceful,  happy  death  was  a  fitting  close  to  a  life  so  full  of  merit 
and  good  works.  His  remains  were  laid  in  St.  Mary's  Cemetery  after  the 
requiem  high  mass,  celebrated  by  the  Most  Rev.  Dr.  O'Callaghan,  O.P. 

His  brethren  united  with  other  dear  friends  amongst  the  laity  in 
raising  in  the  sanctuary  of  the  church  a  beautiful  monument^  as  a  testi- 
mony of  their  affection  and  veneration. 

Scarcely  had  two  months  elapsed  after  Father  Russell's  demise 
when  Dr.  Leahy,  bishop  of  Dromore,  departed  this  life.  These  two 
distinguished  men  were  fellow-students  in  Corpo  Santo,  and  co-labourers 
in  the  city  of  Cork.  Rivals  only  in  the  cause  of  religion,  they  were 
closely  united  by  ties  of  the  deepest  affection. 

John  Pius  Leahy  was,  like  his  friend,  a  native  of  Cork.  Born  on  the 
25th  July,  1802,  he  went  when  only  fifteen  years  old  to  Corpo  Santo, 
where  in  due  time  he  made  his  profession  in  the  Dominican  Order,  and 
was  ordained  in  1825.  Having  distinguished  himself  as  a  student,  he 
was  immediately  assigned  to  teach  various  branches  of  ecclesiastical 
subjects — philosophy,  theology,  and  the  history  of  the  Church — and  was 
thus  employed  for  fifteen  years.  He  was  likewise  rector  of  the  college 
of  Corpo  Santo,  founded  by  the  celebrated  Dominic  O'Daly,  a  native  of 
Kerry/IO>  In  1847  Father  Leahy  was  elected  prior  of  the  Dominican 
convent,  Cork,  and  subsequently  Provincial  of  Ireland.  In  this  capacity 
he  attended  the  Synod  of  Thurles  in  1850.    Deservedly  held  in  high 

(8)  Father  Russell  alluded  here  to  the  exclusion  of  the  regular  clergy  from  the 
benefits  of  Catholic  Emancipation.  See  his  appeal  in  December  number  (1895)  of  this 

(9)  This  monument  was  designed  by  Mr.  Hynes,  architect,  and  executed  by 
Mr.  O'Connell,  sculptor,  with  the  exception  of  the  bust,  which  was  the  work  of 
Thomas  Farrell,  r.h.a.,  Dublin. 

(10)  He  was  also  called  "  Dominic  of  the  Rosary." 


repute  as  a  theologian,  he  was  appointed  Master  of  Conference  for  the 
diocese  of  Cork. 

Such  was  the  career  of  this  great  man  before  he  was  compelled,  in 
1854,  to  leave  the  retirement  so  dear  to  him,  in  order  to  become 
coadjutor-bishop  to  Dr.  Blake  in  the  diocese  of  Dromore.  The  latter 
dying  six  years  subsequently,  Dr.  Leahy  succeeded  to  him,  and  governed 
the  diocese  for  thirty  years.  He  ruled  his  flock  with  mildness  and 
firmness,  spreading  everywhere  the  sweet  odour  of  his  virtues,  being 
specially  remarkable  for  profound  humility,  which  pervaded  his  every 

Most  Rev.  Dr.  Leahy,  O.P. 

{Late  Bishop  of  Dromore.) 

movement.  Though  gifted  above  most  men  with  the  power  of  eloquence, 
by  reason  of  which  he  was  considered  the  first  pulpit  orator  in  Ireland, 
he  shrank  instinctively  from  the  public  gaze,  and  loved  nothing  better 
than  retirement  Nevertheless,  he  was  ever  ready  at  the  call  of  duty  or 
charity  to  make  church  or  oratory  resound  with  words  of  light  and 
charm,  which  held  his  listeners  spellbound. 

During  his  episcopate  Dr.  Leahy  had  always  at  heart  the  advance- 
ment of  religion,  and  under  his  paternal  care  the  Poor  Clares  and 
Sisters  of  Mercy  were  introduced  into  Newry,  as  well  as  the  latter  into 


Rostrevor  and  Lurgan.  In  Ncwry  also  during  his  time  were  established 
the  Dominican  church  and  priory  of  St.  Catherine.  Many  other  churches 
and  schools,  besides  religious  bodies,  owe  their  existence  in  Drornore  to 
its  honoured  bishop,  who  until  his  death  was  ever  the  same  unassuming 
Father  Leahy  that  was  loved  and  revered  by  the  people  of  Cork. 

If  humility  be  the  foundation  of  all  other  virtues,  there  is  little 
doubt  that  Dr.  Leahy  had  reached  the  climax  to  which  this  virtue 
leads,  true  nobility  and  sanctity  of  soul,  combined  with  a  holiness  of  life 
to  which  few  can  attain.  No  wonder,  then,  that  his  death,  like  his  life, 
was  considered  that  of  a  saint.  His  obsequies  were  celebrated  in  the 
cathedral  of  Newry  on  the  9th  September,  1890,  and  were  attended  by 
an  immense  concourse  of  people,  besides  many  prelates,  amongst  whom 
was  Dr.  O'Callaghan,  O.P.,  who  was  celebrant  on  the  occasion.  The 
remains  of  the  deceased  bishop  were  laid  in  the  cemetery  attached  to 
the  "  old  chapel "  of  Newry,  where  for  some  years  the  Dominicans  had 

The  Most  Rev.  Joseph  Larocca,  general  of  the  Order,  died  in 
January,  1 891.  His  successor,  Father  Fruhwirth,  a  native  of  Austria,  was 
elected  at  Oulins,  near  Lyons,  on  the  20th  of  the  following  September. 
Being  a  man  of  great  learning,  he  was  appointed  master  of  studies  in 
the  Dominican  convent  of  Gratz  in  1876,  and  more  than  once  declined 
the  episcopal  dignity.(lI> 

About  this  time  two  side  altars,(l2)  of  exquisite  design  and  superior 
workmanship,  were  erected  in  the  church,  Pope's  Quay.  We  are  indebted 
for  these  altars  to  the  late  Miss  Susan  Murphy,  who  bequeathed  one 
thousand  pounds  to  the  community  of  St.  Mary's.  She  was  sister  of 
the  late  Count  Murphy,  and  Nicholas  Murphy,  of  Carrigmore. 

The  writer  avails  of  this  opportunity  to  express  his  own  and  his 
brethren's  heartfelt  gratitude  to  this  well-known  and  distinguished 
family,  and  to  give  them  the  earnest  assurance  of  constant  remembrance 
in  the  prayers  of  the  community. 

Amongst  the  many  deceased  friends  of  the  Cork  Dominicans  was  one 
who  was  connected  with  them  from  his  boyhood,  and  whose  memory 
shall  be  ever  held  by  them  in  the  most  affectionate  esteem.  Mr.  Thomas 
Bresnan  was  a  man  of  rare  virtue,  and  conspicuous  amongst  his  fellow- 
men  for  uprightness  of  character  and  holiness  of  life.   A  faithful  member 

(n)Only  on  three  occasions  in  six  hundred  years  has  an  Austrian  been  elected 
General  of  the  Dominican  Order. 

(12)  The  plans  were  drawn  by  Mr.  Hynes,  and  the  work  executed  by  Messrs.  Daly 
and  Son,  Cook  Street.  The  group  surmounting  the  altar  of  our  Lady,  and  the  statue 
over  that  of  St.  Dominic,  were  wrought  and  erected  by  Mr.  Smyth,  of  Dublin — the 
former  at  the  expense  of  the  female  branch  of  the  Confraternity  of  the  Rosary,  and  the 
latter  at  the  expense  of  the  Sodality  of  St.  Thomas  Aquinas. 


of  the  Society  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  and  attached  from  his  youth  to 
the  Sodality  of  the  Holy  Name  (established  at  St.  Mary's  for  the 
teaching  of  catechism  on  Sundays),  he  scrupulously  observed  the  rules 
of  these  societies,  and  was  united  with  both  up  to  his  death.  The 
members  of  the  Sodality,  appreciating  his  high  qualities,  elected  him 
president  each  succeeding  year. 

At  the  inauguration  of  the  Young  Men's  Society  at  St.  Mary's  by  the 
late  Dr.  Leahy,  O.P.,  Mr.  Bresnan  was  amongst  those  present.  He  was 
subsequently  appointed  vice-president,  which  position  he  filled  with 
honour  for  twenty-five  years,  when  on  the  retirement  of  the  president, 
Mr.  John  George  McCarthy,  he  was  elected  as  his  successor.  Resigning 
after  two  years  he  was  presented  by  the  members  with  his  portrait, 
accompanied  by  an  address  and  testimonial.  Some  years  before  his 
death,  having  resigned  the  presidentship  of  the  Sodality  of  the  Holy 
Name,  his  fellow-labourers  likewise  gave  him  a  beautifully  illuminated 
address,  dated  March  1889,  and  signed  on  behalf  of  the  Sodality  by 
James  A.  Dwyer,  O.P.,  spiritual  director  ;  Patrick  Hegarty,  vice-presi- 
dent ;  James  O'Sullivan,  secretary.  It  concluded  with  these  words  : — 
"  While  we  deeply  regret  that  your  resignation  of  office  as  president  is 
unavoidable,  we  trust  and  pray  that  God  will  spare  you  many  years  of 
restored  health  still  to  edify  us,  and  still  to  be — 

'  Like  the  oak  by  the  the  fountain  in  sunshine  and  storm, 
Like  the  rock  on  the  mountain  unchanging  in  form, 
Like  the  course  of  our  river  through  ages  the  same, 
Like  the  dew  rising  ever  to  heaven  whence  it  came.'" 

Mr.  Bresnan  died  at  his  residence,  Patrick's  Hill,  on  the  1st  May,  1893. 

A  circular  letter  was  received  by  the  Prior  of  St.  Mary's  on  the  16th 
September  of  this  year,  relative  to  the  death  and  glorious  career  of 
Cardinal  Zigliara,  O.P.,  who  died  in  Rome  on  the  10th  May  previous. 
Having  been  elevated  to  the  purple,  he  was  appointed  by  Leo  XIII. 
prefect  of  a  committee^  of  Dominican  fathers,  to  whom  was  entrusted 
the  revision  of  the  works  of  St.  Thomas,  and  before  his  death  had  the 
pleasure  of  seeing  published  many  volumes  of  the  new  edition,  which  by 
desire  of  his  Holiness  is  now  entirely  under  the  control  of  the  Dominican 

In  1894  the  community  of  St.  Mary's  lost  one  of  their  young  priests, 
the  Rev.  A.  M.  McGowan,  who  died  in  the  prime  of  life,  being  only 
twenty-eight  years  old.  He  had  laboured  in  the  city  somewhat  more 
than  three  years,  and  was  remarkable  for  wonderful  zeal  both  in  pulpit 

(*3)  One  member  of  this  committee  (Very  Rev.  James  Littleton)  is  an  Irishman. 


and  confessional.  At  his  death,  which  took  place  on  the  20th  March,  he 
left  many  sincere  friends  to  mourn  his  loss. 

He  was  born  in  Carlingford,  county  Louth,  under  the  shadow  of  an 
ancient  Dominican  convent,  which  very  probably  was  the  means  of 
directing  the  course  of  his  after  life.  With  reason  do  we  apply  to  him 
the  words  of  Holy  Writ  :  "  Being  made  perfect  in  a  short  space, 
he  fulfilled  a  long  time." — Wisdom,  chap.  iv.  His  remains  lie  in  the 
cemetery  attached  to  the  church. 

Four  months  had  scarcely  passed  when  the  Rev.  Gabriel  Moore,  O.P.,(l4> 
was  called  to  his  reward.  He  was  a  young  priest  of  great  promise,  being 
highly  cultivated,  and  conspicuous  for  sterling  virtue  and  goodness  of 
heart.  Having  completed  his  studies  at  San  Clemente,  Rome,  he  was 
about  leaving  for  Ireland  when  he  was  suddenly  taken  ill,  and  departed 
this  life  on  the  25th  July,  1894,  not  having  been  yet  three  years  ordained. 

The  Bishop  of  Cloyne,  Most  Rev.  Dr.  Browne,  visited  Youghal  a 
short  time  after  his  consecration,  and  received  a  number  of  addresses 
from  various  bodies  in  the  town.  Amongst  them  was  one  from  the 
Presentation  Convent  Schools.  In  his  answer  the  Bishop  alluded  to 
the  Franciscan  and  Dominican  houses  which  had  formerly  existed  in 
Youghal,  and  in  reference  to  the  latter  expressed  himself  thus  : — "  There 
was  another  monastery  in  this  great  old  town — a  Dominican  monastery — 
also  amongst  the  earliest  foundations  of  the  great  Dominican  Order  in 
Ireland,  and  in  that  monastery  was  a  famous  statue  of  Our  Lady  of 
Graces.(l5)  May  I  not  conclude  that  it  is  that  Mother  of  Graciousness 
who  has  watched  over  this  great  old  Catholic  town,  and  that  it  is  owing 
to  her  intercession  with  our  Divine  Lord  that  the  faith  has  been  pre- 
served through  every  phase  of  difficulty  and  trial,  so  that  now  it  has 
come  to  our  lot  to  see  once  again  in  this  town  a  display  of  Catholicity, 
such  as  must  give  comfort  to  the  heart  of  a  bishop." 

The  consecration  of  the  new  side  altars  in  the  church,  Pope's  Quay, 
took  place  on  the  5th  February,  1895,  during  the  celebration  of  a  solemn 
Triduum,  which  opened  the  previous  Sunday.  The  altar  of  St.  Dominic 
was  consecrated  by  Dr.  Browne,  whilst  the  Bishop  of  Cork  performed 
a  like  ceremony  at  that  of  the  Rosary,  over  which  was  placed  the 
miraculous  statue  of  our  Lady  of  Graces.  An  overflowing  congrega- 
tion attended  each  evening  of  the  Triduum,  and  truly  eloquent  sermons 
were  preached  by  the  Venerable  Archdeacon  Coughlan,  Blackrock ; 

(14)  He  was  the  brother  of  the  present  prior  of  St.  Mary's,  the  Very  Rev.  J.  M.  Moore. 

(15)  The  Catholic  Fireside  of  the  2nd  December,  1893,  contained  a  romantic  narrative 
of  this  statue,  and  the  present  writer,  fearing  the  public  might  accept  it  as  authentic, 
thought  it  advisable  to  publish  what  has  always  been  considered  its  true  history.  This 
account  appeared  on  the  same  paper  of  the  16th  December,  and  subsequently  at  greater 
length  in  the  April  number  of  the  Journal,  1894. 


Rev.  Lewis  Butler,  O.P.,  of  Dublin,  and  Very  Rev.  Canon  Keller,  p.p., 
Youghal.  On  the  third  day  high  mass  was  celebrated  in  presence  of 
his  lordship,  Dr.  O'Callaghan,  by  the  Very  Rev.  Father  Moore,  prior  of 
St.  Mary's. 


It  is  with  pleasure  I  have  brought  to  a  close  the  "  Historical 
Account"  of  the  Cork  Dominicans.  We  have  seen  what  they  have 
achieved  since  their  arrival  in  the  city  in  1229,  and  how  devoted  and 
faithful  they  have  ever  been  to  the  call  of  duty,  even  at  a  time  when,  if 
captured,  it  meant  imprisonment  or  death.  Never  for  over  six  hundred 
and  sixty  years  has  their  succession  amongst  the  people  of  Cork  been 
interrupted,  notwithstanding  the  persecutions  to  which  they  were  sub- 
jected. But  how  is  this  fidelity  to  duty  and  this  marvellous  steadfastness 
of  purpose  to  be  explained  ?  Simply  by  that  bond  of  brotherhood 
established  by  means  of  that  golden  chain,  the  precious  links  of  which 
consist  of  their  three  vows,  made  to  God  and  His  representatives.  These 
promises  imposed  on  them  no  galling  shackles,  but  rather  a  light  yoke, 
which  freed  those  who  bore  it  from  all  worldly  ties,  and  formed  them 
s  into  a  solid  phalanx,  ever  ready  to  do  battle  with  the  enemies  of  religion 
and  humanity.  It  is  true,  their  weapons,  though  honourable,  did  not 
always  meet  with  the  world's  approval.  To  this,  however,  they  were 
quite  indifferent,  for  their  principles  were  not  of  the  world,  but  of  Christ 
their  Master,  who,  they  did  well  to  remember,  was  always  looked  upon 
as  a  sign  to  be  contradicted.  Every  friar  preacher  meanwhile  might 
with  good  reason  have  appropriated  to  himself  that  beautiful  motto  of 
Cardinal  Newman,  Cor  ad  cor  loquitur — "Heart  speaks  to  heart" — for 
he  had  in  view  the  same  objects  and  professed  the  same  obligations  as 
his  brethren.  He  therefore  well  understood  the  aspirations  of  those 
whose  sole  ambition  was  to  have  but  "  one  soul  and  one  heart," 
according  to  the  rule  which  they  had  vowed  to  follow.  They  were  also 
men  of  intellect  and  extensive  knowledge,  aiming  only  at  "  Truth,"  the 
standard  of  their  Order  ;  and  recognizing  that  "  Knowledge  is  power," 
they  persevered  in  the  undertakings  they  attempted,  and  boldly  faced 
the  attendant  dangers  and  difficulties,  fully  conscious  that  truth  would 
in  the  end  prevail. 

We  must  likewise  remember  their  strong  and  undying  attachment  to 
the  Irish  people,  whose  prospects,  temporal  and  spiritual,  they  had  at 
heart,  neither  turning  to  right  or  left  when  the  welfare  of  Ireland's  sons 
or  daughters  was  threatened — endangering  life  itself  in  their  efforts  to 
save  them  from  national  degradation  or  hopeless  despair.  No  wonder, 
then,  that  well-informed  Protestants  should  defend  them  in  their  untiring 


exertions  for  Faith  and  Fatherland — the  two  objects  with  them  upper- 
most, whether  in  distant  lands  or  on  their  native  soil. 

Whilst,  then,  religious  orders  are  now-a-days  regarded  by  some  with 
contempt  and  distrust,  might  they  not  at  least  be  allowed  to  enjoy  that 
liberty  of  conscience  which  is  the  universal  claim  of  this  nineteenth 
century?  Should  they  commit  a  crime  against  society,  let  them,  like 
others,  be  punished  rigorously.  But  when  they  are  despoiled  of  liberty 
and  deemed  unworthy  to  live  amongst  their  own  people,  simply  because 
they  profess  to  observe  what  is  clearly  prescribed  in  the  Gospel  as  the 
more  perfect  state,  can  lovers  of  justice  and  fair  play  blame  the  regular 
clergy  for  complaining  that  they  are  treated  in  an  exceptionally  harsh 
manner  in  being  excluded  from  the  benefits  conferred  on  their  fellow- 
Catholics  by  the  Emancipation  Act  of  1829?  The  regulars  are  still 
inscribed  on  the  Statute  Book  as  outlaws  and  felons.  Are  those  oppro- 
brious epithets  never  to  be  erased  ?  Must  they  remain  as  a  stigma 
against  a  nation  that  more  than  any  other  in  the  world  makes  profession 
of  liberty  and  justice  ?  Why  should  England,  whose  flag  is  thrown  as  a 
shield  of  protection  over  those  subject  to  her  sway,  and  whose  cherished 
motto  is  Fiat  Justitia,  permit  such  a  stain  to  disfigure  her  laws  ?  Were 
this  act  of  justice  generously  and  speedily  accorded,  a  new  era  of 
religious  freedom  would  dawn  for  Catholics,  and  they,  with  their  priests, 
regular  as  well  as  secular,  could  in  future  serve  God  without  fear  of 
molestation  or  interference  from  those  who  do  not  profess  their  faith  or 
understand  their  cherished  traditions. 

ft  Chapter  on  posies. 

ROBERT    DAY,   F.S.A.,  President. 

HE  custom  of  wearing  finger  rings,  whether  as  mere 
ornaments  or  as  a  vehicle  for  carrying  the  seal  signet, 
which  among  the  ancients  was  of  the  greatest  signifi- 
cance and  importance,  is  of  very  high  antiquity.  In 
Egypt,  as  in  Ireland,  the  earliest  money  in  circulation 
was  in  the  form  of  gold  rings,  and  one  such  was  placed 
by  the  Egyptian  upon  his  bride's  finger,  as  a  symbol 
of  endowing  her  with  all  his  worldly  goods.  But  it  is  not  of  such  that 
this  paper  will  treat.  It  will  bring  us  down  to  the  sixteenth  century, 
when  the  Tudors  reigned  and  wielded  the  sceptre  with  strong  and  iron 
hands  ;  when  William  Shakespeare  wrote  such  lines  as  these : — 


"  You  are  full  of  pretty  answers. 
Have  you  not  been  acquainted  with  goldsmiths'  wives, 
And  conned  them  out  of  rings  ?  "  (0 

alluding  to  the  prevailing  fashion  of  placing  a  motto  in  the  betrothal, 
the  wedding,  the  gift,  the  memorial,  and  other  rings  ;  and  again,  where 
Hamlet  asks,  "  Is  this  a  prologue,  or  the  posy  of  a  ring  ? "  or  in  the 
"  Merchant  of  Venice,"  where  Gratiano  and  Nerissa  quarrel 

"  About  a  hoop  of  gold,  a  paltry  ring 
That  she  did  give  me,  whose  poesy  was 
For  all  the  world  like  cutler's  poetry 
Upon  a  knife — Love  me  and  leave  me  not." 

The  word  posy  is  simply  an  abbreviated  form  of  poesy,  and  originally 
meant  verses  that  were  presented  with  a  bunch  of  flowers,  and  thus  the 
term  came  to  be  applied  to  the  flowers  themselves.  It  is  probable  that 
these  bouquets  were  often  made  to  convey  one  of  these  rhyming  mottoes, 
each  flower  having  its  own  individual  meaning,  as  expressed  in  "  the 
language  of  flowers."  Spenser  tells  us  of  bridegroom's  poesies,  and 
Sir  John  Evans,  KX.B.,  in  his  lecture  on  "  Rings,"  (2>  quotes  an  early 
author  who  has  demonstrated  the  close  affinity  between  marriage  and 
hanging,  as  in  each  ceremony  the  victim  provides  a  great  nosegay,  and 
shakes  hands  all  round.  He  also  quotes  from  Hall's  Chronicle,  written 
early  in  the  sixteenth  century,  where  the  word  posy  and  motto  convey 
the  same  meaning — "  The  tente  was  replenyshed,  and  decked  with  this 
posie  :  '  After  busy  labor  cometh  victorious  rest.' "  Nicholas  Udall,  the 
master  at  Eton,  makes  frequent  use  of  the  word,  and  mentions  a  title 
being  "  set  up  as  a  paysee  or  a  worde  of  good  lucke,  that  no  misadven- 
ture might  light  on  the  house  "  that  bore  it.  This  will  recall  the  motto 
upon  the  old  house  in  Chester,  "  God's  Providence  is  our  inheritance," 
which  is  also  the  family  motto  of  the  earls  of  Cork. 

In  1674  a  small  volume  was  published  in  London,  which  has  been 
reprinted  with  additional  notes,  in  the  Sette  of  Odd  Volumes,  by 
Mr.  James  Robert  Brown,  a  past  president  of  that  society,  and  has  upon 
its  title  page  in  black  letter — "  Love's  Garland,  or  Posies  for  Rings, 
Hand-kerchers,  and  Gloves,  and  such  pretty  tokens  as  Lovers  send  their 
Loves."  Among  these  are  posies  sent  with  bracelets,  girdles  and  scarves, 
and  one  that  was  sent  "  pinned  to  the  orange  tawny  top  of  a  very  fair 
pair  of  gloves  of  sixpence."  The  gloves  and  girdles,  scarves  and  kerchers 
are  long  since  gone,  with  the  love  and  loving  mottoes  they  bore ;  but 
the  rings  and  bodkins,  the  enamelled  and  silver  boxes— thanks  to  the 

(0"  As  You  Like  It,"  act  iii.,  scene  2. 

(2) Posy-Rings.    Longmans:  London.  1892. 



more  durable  materials  of  which  they  are  made — have  been  preserved 
and  continue  with  us  to  illustrate  these  charming  old  customs  which 
will,  in  the  turn  of  Fashion's  wheel,  again  come  out  of  the  buried  past, 
and  sooner  or  later  re-live  their  life  again,  if  not  in  the  quaint  and  pure 
old  Saxon  of  the  sixteenth,  in  the  more  extended  and  voluminous 
English  of  the  nineteenth  or  twentieth  century. 

The  great  majority  of  posy  rings  are  remarkable  for  their  purity  of 
thought  and  refinement  of  expression  and  feeling.  Some  convey  forms 
of  sentences  now  quite  obsolete.  One  such  occurs  upon  a  ring  from 
Devonshire : — 

"  As  you  yous  me,  you  shall  finde  me  "; 

which  is  illustrated  in  an  interesting  way  by  a  letter  of  Sir  Walter 
Raleigh's,  dated  July  26,  1584,  where  the  passage  occurs,  "If  you  shall 
at  any  time  have  occasion  to  use  me  you  shall  finde  me!1  The  peculiarity 
of  the  spelling  may  possibly  have  arisen  from  the  dialect  of  the  district, 
which  gives  the  phonetic  character  to  the  word  use,  spelled  "  yous  ;" 
but  apart  altogether  from  this,  the  letter  and  the  ring  have  preserved  a 
form  of  expression  that  was  common  when  Raleigh  lived,  but  is  now 
forgotten  and  gone  out  of  use. 

So  far  back  as  April,  1883,  I  contributed  a  list  of  the  posy  rings  in 
my  collection  to  the  Journal  of  the  Royal  Historical  and  ArcJiceological 
Association  of  Ireland \  vol.  vi.,  fourth  series,  No.  54.  This  was  followed 
in  January,  1886,  and  supplemented  in  April,  1892.  Since  then  I  have 
added  a  few  more  to  their  number,  and  it  has  been  suggested  to  me 
that  a  full  and  continuous  list  would  prove  of  interest,  with  some  of  the 
numerous  examples  outside  my  own  cabinet.  A  few  years  ago  I  had 
the  privilege  of  seeing  a  collection  that  had  been  formed  by  Mr.  J.  W. 
Singer,  of  Frome,  Somerset,  numbering  more  than  four  hundred.  These 
have  since  been  purchased  by  Sir  John  Evans,  and  added  to  his  already 
large  collection,  making  it  now  the  fullest  and  most  complete  in  the 
kingdom.  Before  parting  with  these,  Mr.  Singer  made  a  very  complete 
and  most  carefully-compiled  manuscript  catalogue  of  the  posies,  adding 
the  makers'  marks  in  fac  simile,  which  he  most  kindly  placed  at  my 
disposal  This  has  enabled  me  to  arrange  the  mottoes  in  alphabetical 
order,  copying  all  except  those  that  are  duplicated.  Some  occur  so 
often,  and  I  have  met  with  so  many  of  the  same  from  time  to  time,  that 
they  must  have  been  made  up  by  goldsmiths  as  stock  rings  for  their 
customers.    Among  these  are  : — 

(3)  I  remember  the  late  Earl  of  Kingston  telling  me  of  an  agent  that  his  father  had, 
who  succeeded  in  spelling  the  word  usage  without  putting  a  single  letter  belonging  to 
the  word  into  it !  How  did  he  do  it  ?  By  commencing  at  the  end  and  finishing  off  at 
the  beginning  of  the  alphabet,  thus,  wyzitch. 



"  In  Christ  and  thee  my  comfort  be." 

"  Providence  Divine  hath  made  thee  mine." 

"  God  above  increase  our  love,"  etc.,  etc. 

I  have  alluded  to  the  custom  of  placing  posies  on  bodkins,  boxes, 
etc.,  etc.  To  illustrate  this,  I  recently  purchased  in  Dublin  three 
curious  silver  bodkins,  upon  one  of  which  is  engraved  the  posy,  "  Keep 
vertue  ever.  1661."  A  Battersea  enamel  box  has  the  motto,  "  The  gift 
is  small,  but  love  is  all "  ;  and  a  silver  gilt  oval  box,  with  a  tortoise-shell 
cover,  in  which  is  set  a  silver  medallion  of  King  Charles  I.,  surrounded 
with  the  star  and  garter,  and  within  another  box  of  silver,  heart-shaped, 
engraved  on  both  sides  with  a  heart  pierced  by  two  arrows,  a  naked 
sword,  a  winged  heart,  and  the  posy — 

"  I  live  and  die 
In  Loyaltie  "; 

and  again  inside  the  heart-shaped  receptacle  is  a  little  portraiture  of  the 
martyred  king  in  chased  silver,  having  all  the  character  of  Roettier's 

There  was  an  old-time  custom  of  giving  a  gold  ring  to  the  reigning 
monarch  by  serjeants-at-law  upon  their  creation,  and  each  Serjeant  was 
bound  also  to  give  a  ring  to  each  of  his  brother  Serjeants.  They  were 
not  so  massive  as  the  royal  rings,  which  in  the  lapse  of  centuries  so 
accumulated  that  at  Windsor  candlesticks  are  preserved  which  are  made 
of  them  placed  one  above  the  other.  The  practice  of  giving  rings  to  the 
Crown  was  continued  until  1873,  when  the  office  of  serjeant-at-law  was 
abolished.  The  posies  upon  these  were  usually  in  Latin,  rarely  in 
English.  In  1485  it  is  recorded  that  Sir  John  Fineux  used  the  inscrip- 
tion, "  Suae  quisque  fortunse  faber."  Later,  in  Elizabeth's  reign,  the 
motto  was  "  LEX  REGIS  PRESIDIUM."  Sir  John  Evans  has  in  his 
collection  a  ring  of  the  time  of  Henry  VIII.,  reading  "  Vivat  Rex  et  lex," 
and  I  possess  two  that  are  both  in  English.  One  has— 
#  Honor  .  God  .  in  .  everi  .  plase  . 

The  other — 

■fc  FEAR  .  AND  .  LOVE  .  GOD. 

Serjeants'  rings  differ  from  the  ordinary  posy  ring,  as  the  motto  is 
always  upon  the  outside  surface,  upon  a  flat  sunk  band  of  gold,  having  a 
moulding  above  and  below,  which  protects  the  motto  from  being  worn. 

The  following  list  of  posies  on  rings  is  taken  from  the  collections  of 
Sir  John  Evans  and  Sir  A.  Wollaston  Franks.  Those  in  my  own  pos- 
session are  marked  with  an  asterisk.  The  reader,  if  so  disposed,  can  cull 
from  their  variety  of  character  and  sentiment  those  that  were  sent  as 
love  tokens,  or  used  as  betrothal  or  wedding  rings  ;  as  rings  given  upon 


St.  Valentine's  Day,  and  as  those  which  were  given  at  funerals,  or  were 
used  as  memorials  of  the  dead.  The  following,  of  silver,  have  posies 
which  as  a  rule  are  extremely  short  and  simple.  These  are  followed  by 
three  of  brass,  and  the  remainder  are  in  gold,  varying  in  weight  from 
I  dwt.  to  half  an  ounce.    The  very  heavy  rings  were  possibly  bequests. 

A  Ids  for  this. 
*.  Be  .  True  .  in  .  hart  . 
Continue  constant. 
Death  parts  united  harts. 
Fear  God  and  love  me. 
Feare  God  love  me. 
God  above  increace  our  love. 
Hearts  content  cannot  repent. 
I  chuse  not  to  change. 
Let  Love  increafe. 
*Love  and  feare  God    C.  C. 


There  is  none  to  me,  like  Christ  and  thee. 

You  never  knew  a       more  true. 
*Feare  the  Lord. 
*Fear  God  allwayes. 
*Fear  God  onely. 
*Fear  God  and  live. 
*A  friend  to  the  end. 
*Love  God  only.  D.F. 
*Love  God  above  all. 
*Love  the  Giver. 
*On  for  ever. 

God  above  increase  our  love. 
^  Honour  God  in  Love. 

Live  in  Love. 



*Accept  my  good  will. 

*A  true  friends  gift.  I.S. 
(4)*As  loue  hath  joyn'd  our  harts  together"^ 
fo  none  but  death  our  harts  fhall  sever / 
As  I  expect  so  let  me  find  ^ 
A  faithfull       &  constant  mind.  J 
As  I  on  thee  haue  made  my  choyce  D  ) 
So  in  the  Lord  let  us  rejoyce  1637  wa/ 
As  God  hath  joyned  us  togather 
Let  us  live  in  love  &  serve  him  ever 
As  I  expect  fo  let  me  find  \ 
A  faithful  heart  a  constant  mind.  J 
He  honour  him  in  louing  thee.  J 
As  God  hath  made  &  chose  for  me  ^ 
He  honor  God  in  loving  the.  / 
All  I  refuse  thee  I  chuse. 
A  virtuous  wife  (p)referueth  life. 
A  loving  wife  prolongeth  life. 
As  God  decreed  soe  we  agreed. 
As  true  to  thee  as  death  to  mee. 

*A  loving  wife  a  happy  life  EC. 
As  true  to  love  a  turtle  dove. 

A  vertuous  wife  preserveth  life. 

All  that  I  desire  of  the  is  to  fear  God 
and  loue  me. 

As  God  decreed  soe  we  agreede  1620. 

A  friende  to  thee,  He  ever  be  P.S. 

Always  affect  what  gets  respect. 

Accept  my  good  will. 

A  token  of  good  will. 

A  frinds  gift. 

A  token  of  love. 
*A  vartous  wife  prolongeth  life. 

All  perfect  loue  is  from  aboue. 

A  virtous  wife  a  happy  life  HHS 
*A  merry  heart  puts  by  all  smart. 
*As  God  appointed,  I  am  contented. 
*As  you  youse  me  you  shall  finde  me. 
*As  I  proue  I  wish  your  love. 
'A  faithful  wife  to  the  joy  of  E  W. 
*As  God  hath  appointed  I  am  contented. 

Be  .  faithful .  and  louing. 

By  Gods  decree  one  we  be. 

BE  .  TRVE  .  TO  .  THE  .  END. 

By  Gods  decree  one  wee  bee. 
Be  kind  to  me.    I  will  to  the. 

(4)  The  mottoes  between  brackets  occur  in  two  lines,  and  are  much  more  rare  than 
the  single-line  posies. 


Be  constant  you  for  I  am  trew. 

Be  true  in  hart  tell  death  depart. 

By  Gods  decree  we  both  agree  M  #  M. 

Be  kinde  in  harte. 
*Be  true  in  heart. 

Constant  ile  be  my  dear  to  thee. 
*Conseal  consent  .  confirm  content. 

Continue  constant. 
*Content  is  a  treasure. 

Content  supplyes  all  want. 

Content  suplies  all  wants. 

Continve  in  Loue. 

Content  is  the  truest  riches. 

Christ  &  thee  are  all  to  mee. 

Christ  for  me  hath  chosen  thee. 
*Condemn  Him  not  bvt  hye  Hm  in  -\ 

For  kindnes  that  before  hath  bin.  j 
*Direct  .  our  .  waies  .  Lord  .  all  .  our  . 
daye  1521. 

De  nos  ^  ^  le  deser  sac'nplise. 

Direct  our  wayes  lord  all  our  dayes. 
":fEndless  is  my  Love  as  this. 

ESPOIR  .  EN  .  DELV. 

Ever  true  my  Dear  to  you. 

Fear  the  Lord  and  rest  content  ^ 

So  shall  we  live  &  not  repent  bw  1730J 

FEARE  #  God  E  F  M. 
■*  FEAR  .  GOD  .  EVER. 

*Fear  God  love  me. 

From  thee  my  Love  shall  nere  remove. 

From  Him  thats  far  remote. 
*God  grant  we  may  be  such  a  pair,  as 

Isaak  and  Rebeka  ware. 
*God  knit  this  knot  unty  it  not. 
*God  above  send  peace  and  love. 
*Godly  love  will  not  remove. 
*Gods  blessing  be  with  me  and  thee. 

God  all  one  of  two  makes  one. 

God  did  forefee  whats  best  for  me. 

God  hath  sent  my  ^  content. 

#  Geve  .  God  .  the  .  prayse  # 
God  unite  our  harts  arite. 

Gods  blessing  be  on  thee  and  me. 

#  Godlynes  .  is  .  great  .  riches  . 
*God  for  me  apointed  thee. 

*God  did  decree  our  unity. 

*God  aboue  increafe  our  loue  1655. 

Godly  love  will  not  remove. 

God  hath  sent  my  heartes  content. 

God  alone  made  us  two  one. 

God  did  decree  that  it  should  be. 
*God  above  keep  us  in  love  R.T.  1724. 

Godly  love  will  not  remove. 

God  doth  forsee  whats  best  for  me. 
*Gods  decree  fulfiled  have  we. 

Gods  blessing  be  on  y  &  me. 

God  above  send  us  love. 

God  above  send  peace  &  love. 

God  alone  of  two  made  one. 

God  above  joyne  our  love. 
*Gods  providence  is  our  inheritance. 

God  bless  K.  Wm,  &  O.  Mary. 

God  decreed  and  we  agreed. 

God  bee  our  guide. 

God  of  peace  our  love  increafe. 

Godly  love  will  not  remove. 

God  the  Father  brought  us  together. 

God  above  joyne  us  in  love. 

God  be  my  defender. 
*God  continue  our  faithful  love. 
*God  for  ever  bless  us  together. 
*God  and  thee,  my  comfort  be. 

Gods  secret  purpose  and  decree,  is 

manifest  in  chusing  thee. 
*God  hath  me  sent  my  harts  content. 

Gods  directions  joyned  our  affections. 
*God  hath  sent  my  content. 
*God  alone  made  us  two  one. 
*God  of  peace  true  love  increase. 
*God  I  pray  our  happinesse  injoy. 
*God  increafe  fayth,  love  and  peace. 
*Hearts  united  live  contented. 
*Hearts  .  content  .  cannot  .  repent  . 
*  Honoured  for  thy  virtues. 
*Happy  in  thee  hath  God  made  me  I. A. 

Honored  for  thy  virtue. 

Heavens  bless  with  happyness. 
*Honor  .  God  .  in  .  everi  .  place. 

I  restless  live  yet  hope  to  see  "j 

That  day  of  Christ,  and  then  see  thee,  j- 
L.P.  1656.J 

Ile  constant  prove  to  the  my  love. 

I  lick  [like]  I  loue  I  liue  content     L  ^ 

I  made  my  chois  not  to  repent.  r.a.J 
*In  constancie  Ile  live  and  dye. 

In  God  aboue  and  Christ  his  foune  \ 

We  too  are  joyned  both  in  one.  J 

I  like  my  choise. 

•fc  In  .  God  .  is  .  my  .  trost  -* 

In  trust  be  juste. 



*In  thee  my  ohoycc  I  do  rejoycc. 

I  love  and  like  my  choice. 

I  (fancy  noe  but  thee  alone. 
*In  Christ  and  thee,  my  comfort  be. 

*ln  God  and  thee  my  joy  shall  be. 

Joyned  in  one  by  God  alone. 

■fc  I  joy  to  find  a  constant  mind. 
*I  have  obtain'd  whome  God  ordained. 

I  gave  it  thee  my  love  to  be. 

In  thy  sight  is  my  delight. 
*In  God  and  thee  all  comfort  be. 

Joyned  in  one  by  Christ  alone. 

I  have  obtain'd  as  God  ordain'd. 

I  do  rejoyce  in  thee  My  choyce. 

Jaime  mon  Choix. 
*I  love  and  like  my  choice. 

In  Christ  alone  we  two  are  one. 
*I  cannot  show  the  love  I  owe. 
*In  Love  abide  till  death  devide. 
*In  unity  lets  live  &  die. 

I  am  your  lott  refuse  me  not. 

In  thee  I  find  content  of  mind. 

I  bed  adue  to  all  but  you. 

In  hart  loue  mee. 

In  thy  brest  my  heart  doth  rest. 

^  In  .  God  .  is  .  my.  trust  only. 

I  like  my  choyfe  to  wel  to  chainge. 

yfc  If  this  then  me.  LP. 
*In  thy  brest  my  heart  shall  rest. 

I  chuce  not  to  chainge. 
*If  God  say  so,  Who'dares  say  no. 
*If  live  if  I.    If  no  I  dye. 
*I  long  to  be  made  one  with  thee. 
*I  wish  to  thee,  as  to  myself. 
*If  not,  how  then. 

Keepe  faith  till  death. 

Knitt  in  one  by  God  alone. 

Knotts  of  love  are  knitt  above. 
*Love  fixt  on  vertu  lasteth. 
*Let  us  live  in  Love  &  sarve  the  Lord 

*Love  is  the  thing  I  wish  to  winne. 
*Let  God  be  our  guide. 

►J^  LET  .  RESON  .  RULE  . 

*Lctt  vertue  be  thy  guide. 

Let  Reason  rule  affection. 

Let  us  contest  which  shall  loue  best. 

Let  vertue  be  a  guide  to  thee. 

Let  us  fear  God  and  live  in  love. 

Live  love  &  be  happy. 
*Love  is  the  bond  of  peace. 

Let  me  with  thee  stil  happy  be. 

Live  in  love  like  faints  above. 

Let  reason  rule  affection. 

Love  &  Live  happy. 

Love  as  I  or  else  I  dye. 

Let  virtue  still  direct  th  will. 

Let  us  share  in  joy  and  care. 

Love  me  ever  or  Love  me  never. 

Let  vertue  rest  within  thy  breast. 

Let's  fix  our  love  on  God  above. 

Let  your  life  shew  your  love. 

Let  our  contest  bee  who  loves  best. 
*Lett  Love  abide  till  death  devide. 
*Love  intire  is  my  desire. 

Lett  death  leade  love  to  rest. 

Love  is  the  bond  of  peace. 
*Love  for  Love. 

Love  may  make  fadd,  shall  never  make 
me  madd. 
(5)  Love  my  memory. 
* Love  unites  deth  parts  nmr  1769. 

Love  merits  all  things. 
*Love  as  I,  or  else  I  die. 

Love  alone  made  us  two  one. 

Lord  lincke  our  harts  in  lasting  Love. 
*Love  never  dyes  where  vertue  lyes. 

Let  mee  in  thee  most  happy  bee. 

Live  in  love  and  feare  the  Lord. 

Let  us  in  love  ferve  God  above. 

Love  and  feare  God. 
*Let  love  and  peace  as  dayes  increase. 
*Loves  delight  is  to  unite. 

f  MVLIER  .  VIRO  .  SVBIECTA  .  ESTO  . 

My  love  is  fixed,  I  will  not  range,  -j 
I  like  my  choice  too  well  to  change.  J 
My  Heart  I  bind  where  faith  I  find. 


My  .       you  .  have .  &  yours .  I .  crave. 

(5)  It  will  interest  the  lovers  of  the  gentle  art  to  know  that  Izaak  Walton,  in  a 
codicil  to  his  will  dated  1683,  bequeathed  about  forty  rings,  the  value  of  which  was  to 
be  13s.  4d.  each,  and  on  those  given  to  his  family  the  mottoes  were  to  be,  "  Love  my 
memory.  I.W.  obiit,"  and  on  one  for  the  bishop  of  Winchester,  "A  mite  for  a 
million.  I.W.,"  and  on  the  others,  "  A  friend's  farewell.  I.W.  obiit." 



*My  promise  past  shall  ever  last. 

My  happy  choyce  makes  mee  rejoyce 

My  ^  lives  where  it  loves. 

My  giving  this  begins  my  bliss. 
*My  love  to  thee  shall  endles  be. 

My  love  is  true  to  none  but  you. 

May  Christ  and  we  united  be. 
*My  Love  and  I  till  death  divide. 
*My  Heart  is  fixt  I  will  not  range,  ^ 

I  like  my  choice  too  well  to  change.  J 
*Not  That  in  me  but  bowes  to  thee. 

^  NO  .  JEWELL  .  TO  .  TRVTHE. 

No  lack  where  love  is. 

None  to  me  so  dear  as  thee. 

No  love  more  true  than  mine  to  you. 

No  treasure  to  a  true  friend. 

No  choice  to  me  like  Christ  and  thee. 

Not  the  valew  but  my  love. 
*No  riches  like  content. 

None  to  me  I  love  like  thee. 
*None  can  prevent  the  Lords  intent. 
*Noe  recompence  but  love. 

Nos  ^  ^  unis  en  Dieu. 


Never  to  change. 
*No  Frinde  to  Faith. 
*Not  Lost  but  gone  before. 

Not  a  truer  heart  alive. 

.  Onlie'.  Honistie. 

O  Lord  direct  us  and  protect  us. 

Our  Loyal  Love  was  made  above. 

Ora  Pro  Nobis  wsu 

Once  myne  and  ever  thine. 

Patience  is  a  noble  vertue. 
*Providence  divine  hath  made  thee  mine. 

Peace  exceeds  gold. 
*Qui  Dedit  de  Debit. 
*Rather  die  than  faith  denny. 
*Remember  y  giver. 

Remember  me  when  this  you  see. 

Rather  dye  than  faith  denny. 
*Such  likeing  in  my  love  I  finde  "| 

That  none  but  death  shall  change  my  j- 
minde.  J 

Since  God  hath  thee  for  me  create  ^ 

Nothing  but  death  shall  seperate.  J 

Such  liking  in  my  choice  I  have  \ 

Nothing  shall  part  us  but  the  grave.  / 
*Time  will  trye  realyty. 

To  Gods  decree  wee  boath  Agree. 

This  take  for  my  sake. 


Thee  love  will  I  until  I  die. 

The  Lord  us  bless  wth  good  success. 

To  love  and  peace  God  gives  increase. 

True  love  is  endless. 

This  &  the  giver  is  thine  for  ever. 

'Tis  thy  desert  hath  woone  my  heart. 

Tho  the  world  hath  strived  to  part  \ 

Yet  God  hath  joyned  us  hand  &  heart. i 

NO  .  MAN  .  PVT  .  THEN  .  ASONDAR. 

True  lovers  hearts  death  only  parts. 
Tho  little  accept  it. 
True  love  made  us  one. 
The  God  of  peace  true  love  increase. 
*To  thee  I  wish  eternal  bliss. 

Two  Soules  one  hart,  till  death 

*The  Love  is  true  that  I  O  U. 

*True  till  death. 

*The  just  shall  live  for  ever. 

*Thy  Vertu  is  thy  honour. 

*Twas  God  to  thee  directed  me. 

*The  yock  of  Love  is  swieth.  (The  yoke 

of  love  is  sweet.) 
*The  Gift  is  small  but  Love  is  all. 
*United  ^  ^  death  only  parts. 

Virtue  is  thy  honour. 
*Virtue  and  love  is  from  above. 

Vertue  gainth  glory. 

Virtue  in  thee  a  crown  to  me. 

Who  feares  the  Lord  are  blest  wee  see^ 

Such  thou  and  I  God  grant  may  bee.  J 
*  Wit  wealth  &  beauty  all  do  well  ^ 

But  constant  love  doth  far  excell.  J 

Win  gold  and  wear  it    a  f. 

We  two  make  one  by  God  alone. 

When  this  you  se  remember  me. 

We  are  joyned  in  one  by  God  alone. 

Wheare  heartes  agree  no  strif  can  be. 

Where  Hearts  agree  there  God  will  be. 

We  will  shear  in  joy  and  care. 

Where  hearts  agree  love  will  bee. 

Whom  God  ordain'd  I  have  obtain'd. 

Whats  Gods  intent  none  can  prevent. 

What  God  ordain'dcan't  be  refrain'd.  A.s. 

*When      ^s  unite  the  love  is  right. 

*When  this  you  see  think  well  of  me. 
*We  are  one  through  God  alone. 


*Yours  in  heart.  You  and  I  will  lovers  die. 

*Yours  if  you  may.  *  #  You  .  have  .  my  hart. 

Yours  am  I  assuredly. 

These  three  hundred  and  fifty  examples  are  only  a  few  of  the  many 
that  arc  recorded.  Here  is  a  well-known  posy  that  has  been  attributed 
to  Lady  Cathcart,  who  on  marrying  her  fourth  husband,  Hugh  Maguire, 
in  171 3,  used  these  hopeful  lines  on  her  wedding  ring  : — 

"  If  I  survive, 
I  will  have  five." 

Bishop  Coke  had  a  hand,  a  heart,  a  mitre  and  a  death's  head 
engraved  on  his  wedding  ring,  with  the  posy : — 

"  These  three  I  give  to  thee 
Till  the  fourth  set  me  free." 

English  literature  of  the  seventeenth  and  eighteenth  centuries  abound 
with  references  and  allusions  to  these  most  interesting  rings.  To  quote 
from  Herrick  : — 

"  What  posies  for  our  wedding  rings, 
What  gloves  we'll  give,  and  ribbonings.-' (6) 

And  again- 

Julia,  I  bring  to  thee  this  ring, 

Made  for  thy  finger  fit, 
To  shew  by  this  that  our  love  is, 

Or  should  be,  like  to  it. 

Close  though  it  be,  the  joint  is  free, 
So  when  Love's  yoke  is  on, 

It  must  not  gall,  or  fret  at  all 
With  hard  oppression  ; 

But  it  must  play  still  either  way, 

And  be,  too,  such  a  yoke 
As  not  too  wide  to  overslide, 

Or  be  so  strait  to  choke. 

So  we  who  bear  this  beam  must  rear 
Ourselves  to  such  a  height 

As  that  the  stay  of  either  may 
Create  the  burthen  light. 

And  as  this  round  is  nowhere  found 

To  flaw,  or  else  to  sever, 
So  let  our  love  as  endless  prove, 

And  pure  as  gold  for  ever."  (7) 

(6)  Hesperides. 

(7)  Amatory  Odes,  lxxxvi. 



Here  are  some  pious  lines  by  George  Herbert  in  a  poem  called 
"  The  Posy  "— 

"  Let  wits  contest, 
And  with  their  words  and  posies  windows  fill, 

Less  than  the  least 
Of  all  Thy  mercies  is  my  posy  still. 

This  on  my  ring, 
This  by  my  picture,  in  my  book  I  write  ; 

Whether  I  sing, 
Or  say,  or  dictate,  this  is  my  delight. 

Invention  rest ; 
Comparisons  go  play  ;  wit  use  thy  will ; 

Less  than  the  least 
Of  all  God's  mercies  is  my  posy  still." 

Here  is  a  posy  that  has  a  most  un-English  motto,  and  may  in  the 
good  old  times  have  been  imported  from  our  West  Indian  possessions, 
although  something  like  it  is  found  in  the  "  Song  of  Solomon  "  : — (s) 

"  I  am  blacke  but  comely." 

And  here  again  is  another  of  the  most  contradictory  character,  for  how 
anyone  could  follow  the  latter  clause  of  the  posy  and  obey  its  first 
precept  is  a  problem  hard  to  solve  : — 

"  Feare  God,  and  lye  abed  till  noone." 

In  bringing  this  rhyming  record  to  a  close,  I  hope  our  unmarried 
lady  readers  will  each  and  all  determine  that  when  their  wedding  day 
comes,  the  ring  will  bear  a  posy  on  its  inner  surface,  with  the  initials 
and  the  date  of  marriage.  By  doing  so  the  ring  will  not  only  be  here- 
after in  itself  a  record  of  extreme  family  interest,  but  will  also,  from 
the  character  of  the  posy  upon  it,  reflect  the  mind  and  thought  of  the 
wearer.  What  could  be  a  more  appropriate  and  beautiful  wedding 
benison  than 

"  God  be  a  guide  to  thee,  my  Bride." 

The  custom  has  been  revived  in  my  own  family,  and  one  ring  has 
upon  it : — 

"  Direct  our  ways  Lord,  all  our  days." 

Another,  while  it  has  no  posy,  has  the  initials  and  date  of  marriage  of 
my  paternal  ancestress  : — 

"L.  A.  R.  [Lucy  Ann  Rouviere]  Feb.  20,  1722." 

(8)  Chap,  i.,  verse  5. 


This  ring  but  for  its  inscription  would  long  since  have  been  either  given 
away  or  melted  down.  The  posy  and  the  inscription  give  the  ring  not 
merely  an  additional  charm,  but  tend  to  its  preservation  long  after  the 
wearer  has  passed  away,  and  her  memory  would  only  remain,  to  be 
possibly  remembered  in  another  posy,  copied  from  a  girdle  : — 

"  My  joy,  my  grief,  my  hope,  my  Love, 
Did  all  within  this  circle  move." 

ground  CorK  with  "per\  arid  pencil. 


HE  crusades  which  for  so  long  absorbed  and  destroyed 
the  flower  of  the  world's  chivalry,  and,  costing  so 
much,  gave  so  little  in  exchange,  survive  in  one  of  the 
least  of  their  results.  When  the  armed  representatives 
of  Europe  met  to  give  battle  to  the  swart  Paynim,  and 
to  rescue  the  sepulchre  of  Christ  from  the  unbeliever, 
it  became  a  matter  of  impossibility  to  distinguish  one 
knight  or  officer  from  another,  covered  as  they  all  were  cap-a-pie  in 
"  complete  steel."  Hence  arose  the  necessity  for  adopting  some  external 
symbol  or  emblem  by  which  individual  identity  could  be  ascertained. 
The  shield,  being  the  most  obvious  of  the  knight's  accoutrements,  was 
the  place  necessarily  chosen.  Then,  when  the  western  combatants  had 
finally  withdrawn  from  the  arena  of  war,  the  families  of  the  heroes,  proud 
of  their  exploits,  preserved  as  their  own  the  symbol  or  emblem  by  which 
their  warrior  ancestors  were  distinguished.  Thus  pride  continued  what 
necessity  had  originated  ;  and  luxury,  in  the  course  of  ages,  developed 
into  the  science  of  heraldry.  Hence  also  the  quaint  and,  to  the  uninitiated, 
bewildering  terminology,  in  which  the  latter  loves  to  express  itself.  The 
bars,  crosses,  lozenges,  crescent,  increscent  and  decrescent  moons  ;  the  roses 
and  trefoils,  and  the  figures  borrowed  from  the  animal  world,  with 
illumination  of  or,  azure,  argent,  and  so  forth,  however  hieroglyphic  to 
most  eyes,  are  yet  to  him  who  knows  as  intelligible  and  voluble  as  his 
mother  tongue.  And  to  such,  the  complaint  of  Laertes,  when  storming 
over  the  death  of  poor  old  Polonius,  is  by  no  means  unreasonable.  They 
had  placed 

"  No  hatchment  o'er  his  bones  !  "(*) 
(0  "  Hamlet,"  act  vii ,  scene  4.    Pope's  edition. 



As  an  aspirant  to  the  sacerdotal  order  passes  through  regular  grada- 
tions of  sub-deacon  and  deacon  before  he  becomes  a  priest,  so  in  ages 
when  the  profession  of  arms  and  the  Church  divided  the  business  of  men, 
the  life  of  a  gentleman  consisted  of  three  periods.  He  was  first  valletus, 
one  who  had  not  yet  put  on  the  arms  of  a  soldier  ;  secondly,  scutifery  a 
shield  bearer,  or  one  who  accompanied  a  knight ;  thirdly,  armiger,  one 
who  bore  arms. 

The  age  of  chivalry  is  gone,  but  "  like  the  peak  of  a  submerged 
world,"  its  ghost,  painted  and  varnished,  looks  upon  us  from  the  panels 
of  our  carriage  doors  ! 

The  armorial  stone  here  reproduced  illustrates  very  interestingly  and 
locally  what  we  have  alluded  to.  The  little  almshouse  in  Blarney  Street 
was  endowed,  Smith  informs  us,  by  "  Mr.  Jonas  Morice  for  the  poor  of 
the  people  called  Quakers."    He  cannot  have  visited  the  place,  for  his 



statement  is  incorrect  in  almost  every  particular.  A  square  limestone 
slab  inserted  over  the  doorway  has  the  following  inscription  : — 

"This  almshouse  was  erected  for  mostly  poor  aged  Protestants,  and  endowed  by 
Abraham  Morris  in  the  year  1 721." 

The  stone,  which  gives  the  arms  of  the  founder  of  the  charity,  and 
seems  to  have  escaped  notice  for  a  considerable  period,  is  built  into  the 
wall  behind  the  hall  door,  and  is  so  encrusted  with  whitewash  and  dirt 
that  some  of  the  details  can  be  only  guessed  at,  whilst  the  motto  is 
entirely  filled  up  ana!  undecipherable.  It  measures  forty-four  inches  by 
thirty-four  inches,  and  is  a  beautiful  piece  of  sculpture.  One  would  wish 
to  see  it  rescued  from  its  present  position  and  placed  in  the  School  of 
Art,  an  attention  which  it  well  deserves,  since  it  is  not  only  historically 
but  artistically  interesting. 

The  arms  for  Morris,  according  to  Burke,  are  "  Sable,  a  saltire 
engrailed  argent."  This  would  agree  with  the  coat,  but  he  does  not 
include  the  cross  in  the  fess  point  of  the  shield. 

It  is  impossible  to  determine  the  impalement  of  a  cockatrice,  as  the 
tinctures  and  metal  of  the  shield  have  been  obliterated.  The  families  of 
Drake,  Langley,  Eye,  Oussethorpe,  Dalton,  etc.,  all  bear  a  cockatrice. 

Abraham  Morris  was  probably  a  relative  of 
^e  mercnant  who  issued  one  of  the  earliest 
t^W^f]  r dM^^l     known  Cork  tokens,  and  who  was  mayor  of 
X^^^fel^     Cork  in  1659.    The  latter  is  given  in  Lindsay's 
Coinage  of  Ireland,  and  is  very  small,  being 
five-eighths  of  an  inch  in  diameter.    On  the  obverse  are  the  Cork  arms  ; 
on  the  reverse,  around  the  margin,  "Jonas  Morris,  of  Cork";  and  in  the 
centre  in  a  ring  the  initials  "  I.  M."  over  the  date  1657.    The  print,  here 
given  is  from  one  of  these  tokens  in  possession  of  the  writer. 

J.  P.  D. 


5ome  ]3ishops  of  Cloyne. 

By  Very  Rev.  HORACE  T.  FLEMING,  D.D.,  Dean  of  Cloyne. 

EMPORA  MUTANTUR"  is  what  might  be  inscribed 
over  many  places,  but  some  more  than  others  ;  those 
most  which  were  once  famous  and  whose  fame  has 
declined,  and  probably  those  most  of  all  where  wealth 
once  existed  which  has  since  disappeared.  Of  such 
places  are  the  scenes  of  former  ecclesiastical  wealth, 
such  as  the  old  monasteries  and  abbeys,  and  later, 
the  sites  of  some  of  the  former  bishops'  palaces,  now  converted  to  other 

Of  the  latter  class  the  town  of  Cloyne  is  one ;  it  was  the  seat  of  an 
ancient  and  famous  and  lucrative  See,  but  its  episcopal  lands  have  been 
alienated,  and  only  a  small  portion  remains  of  its  ancient  episcopal 
palace.  The  bounds  of  the  old  bishops'  lands  are  still  to  be  traced — the 
commons  lands  near  the  town,  the  demesne  land  round  the  former 
episcopal  residence,  and  some  outlying  portions  now  occupied  by  neigh- 
bouring farmers. 

The  commons  consist  of  a  large  level  tract  of  land,  now  fenced  in  and 
fielded,  and  yearly  improving  in  condition.  It  was  probably  once  a  lake, 
then  a  bog ;  and  in  the  old  leases  and  records  there  are  accounts  of  its 
being  the  turbary  of  the  town,  and  of  so  many  kyshes  of  turf  being 
allowed  to  each  householder — each  kysh,  seventy-two  turf  sods— or 
assigned  as  a  tribute  from  such  persons  to  the  bishop  of  the  day.  When 
it  ceased  to  produce  turf  it  was  granted  by  the  bishops  of  the  time  as  a 
commons,  and  was  probably  a  great  convenience  and  accommodation  to 
many  a  poor  town  family  as  a  place  where  they  might  pasture  sheep  or 
donkeys,  or  allow  their  "  noisy  geese  to  gabble  o'er  the  pool." 

The  bishops  of  the  day  were  the  lords  paramount  of  the  place,  the 
more  so  as  the  government  had  but  very  defective  arrangements  made 
for  law  and  police,  and  the  bishops  had  inherited  by  law  and  custom 
various  rights  and  privileges.  The  old  ecclesiastical  court,  not  so  long 
since  closed,  was  probably  the  original  fount  of  local  justice,  which 
gradually  gave  way  to  the  more  elaborate  arrangements  of  the  civil  power. 

The  bishops  had  also  the  tolls  of  the  town,  no  inconsiderable  heritage 
at  one  time ;  and  not  very  long  before  the  See  house  was  vacated  by  its 
last  bishop  these  tolls  were  granted  by  the  bishop  of  the  day  to  the  town, 
for  the  benefit  of  the  poor.    I  have  seen  a  copy  of  the  grant. 


The  bishops  also  took  care  of  the  sanitation  of  the  town — probably 
very  primitive  ideas  prevailed  on  this  subject  then,  but  records  remain  to 
show  that  they  looked  after  the  dwellings  of  the  inhabitants  of  the  place. 
These  dwellings  were  very  poor  even  to  a  late  date  ;  there  were  those 
recently  deceased  who  told  of  the  ranges  of  thatched  one-story  houses 
where  tall  and  substantial  buildings  now  stand. 

The  income  of  the  See  of  Cloyne  at  one  time,  owing  to  illegal  aliena- 
tion of  its  lands,  was  so  small  that  it  was  called  in  derision  "  The  See  of 
five  marks";  but  in  later  times  some  of  the  bishops,  especially  Bishops 
Synge,  Poole,  and  Crow,  recovered  the  alienated  possessions,  and  it 
became  a  lucrative  and  important  See.  The  tithes  were  paid  in  great 
degree  in  kind — the  tenth  of  the  cattle,  or  the  sheaves  of  the  crops — and 
there  is  still  standing  the  remains  of  the  bishop's  barn,  where  his  corn- 
tithes  were  stored,  and  where,  as  I  have  heard  from  one  who  had  seen  it, 
the  flail  never  ceased  to  fling,  winter  or  summer,  to  reduce  the  stacks  of 
wheat  and  oats  and  barley  to  a  marketable  condition. 

The  bishops,  as  my  informant  told  me  (he  is  now  dead),  who  had 
seen  three  in  succession  there,  were  most  liberal  in  their  donations  to  the 
people.  Realizing  probably  that  most  of  those  who  contributed  to  their 
wealth  did  not  receive  their  religious  ministrations,  they  thought  it  right 
of  what  they  got  to  make  a  generous  use  ;  and  he  said  that  when  the 
bishop,  as  he  described  it,  drove  out,  which  he  did  every  day  at  a  certain 
hour  when  at  home,  as  soon  as  the  wooden  gate  was  thrown  open  his 
carriage  was  surrounded  by  a  large  crowd  of  the  poorer  inhabitants  of 
the  town  who  came  for  largesse  ;  and  they  used  not  to  be  disappointed, 
for  the  bishop  always  had  ready  a  fair  share  of  five-penny  bits  which  he 
distributed,  or  gave  for  distribution,  among  the  poorer  people.  It  was  a 
simple,  a  rough  and  ready  way  of  out-door  relief  when  none  other  such 
existed  ;  probably  not  the  best  sort,  but  certainly  better  than  none  ; 
probably  not  more  productive  of  poverty — if  at  all  so — than  our  present 
system,  and  it  may  be  more  in  accordance  with  the  principles  of  charity 
than  our  legally  imposed  contributions — certainly  more  productive  of 
gratitude.  My  poor  informant,  who  had  been  compelled  more  than  once 
to  seek  temporary  shelter  in  the  neighbouring  workhouse,  and  whose 
relations  or  friends  had  been  known  to  him  to  have  been  formerly  the 
recipients  of  this  episcopal  largesse,  used  to  contrast,  almost  bitterly,  the 
two  systems  ;  the  workhouse  he  only  regarded  as  a  necessary  evil,  the 
other  he  spoke  of  as  a  blessed  form  of  benefaction  which  he,  for  one, 
never  forgot. 

"Ah,  sir,  those  were  the  good  times  when  the  poor  were  not  for- 
gotten." He  used  to  speak  of  this  one  thing,  which  comes  nearer  to  the 
heart  of  the  poor,  with  enthusiasm — in  the  spirit  of  Edmond  Burke 



lamenting  the  decadence  of  chivalry — as  if  nothing  like  this  now  existed, 
and  that  charity  had  departed  from  the  earth.  The  liberality  of  the 
bishops,  as  he  remembered  it,  also  appeared  in  another  form — in  the 
large  expenditure  of  their  households.  It  would  have  been  quite 
possible  for  any  one  of  them  to  have  drawn  their  large  incomes  and 
kept  the  proceeds  for  themselves  and  their  descendants,  but  they  none 
of  them  acted  so.  Liberal  expenditure  to  the  verge  of  prodigality  was 
the  rule  of  the  times.  The  Stock  Exchange  either  did  not  exist  as  now 
it  does,  or  was  very  much  neglected  ;  they  probably  spent  yearly  what 
they  received,  and  they  spent  it  where  they  received  it — this  also  was 
what  he  dwelt  upon.  When  asking  him  on  what  scale  the  expenditure 
was,  how  much  was  spent  yearly  in  the  town  by  the  bishops  of  the  day — 
"  Ah,  sir,  the  bishop's  butler  used  to  spend  more  in  Cloyne  in  one  year 
than  any  of  the  families  of  the  gentry  does  now."  It  was  a  survival  of 
the  old  ecclesiastical  system,  that  if  the  church  received  much  in  offertory 
from  the  faithful  she  returned  much  in  charity. 

The  palace  then  was  the  centre  of  the  refinement  of  the  town  and 
neighbourhood,  at  least  at  comparatively  early  times,  and  this  refinement 
was  from  the  palace  reflected  upon  all  its  surroundings.  It  was  probably 
Bishop  Crow  who  planted  the  demesne  with  those  stately  trees,  some  of 
which  still  remain  ;  it  must  have  been  nobly  wooded  when  they  were  in 
their  prime.  The  bishops'  lands  were  not  only  bounded  along  the  roads? 
but  also  traversed  round  the  fields  by  wide  ditches,  which  mostly  still 
remain,  not  probably  in  all  their  original  height  or  width  ;  and  these 
ditches,  six  to  eight  feet  in  width,  were  planted  with  this  timber  on  both 
sides  ;  and  in  the  centre,  all  along  their  length  by  the  roads  and  through 
the  fields,  there  were  made  and  kept  gravelled  walks,  and  along  these,  in 
summer  time,  the  palace  party  used  to  appear,  dressed  in  the  rich  and 
elaborate  attire  of  those  days.  The  whole  town  used  to  turn  out  to  gaze 
on  the  gay  scene,  and  give  and  receive  words  of  mutual  kindness  and 
recognition.  This  the  old  man  used  to  detail  with  great  delight,  being 
no  doubt  as  usual  a  laudator  temporis  acti,  but  also  as  recalling  some  of 
the  bright  visions  of  his  youth,  which  sadly  contrasted  with  the  sordid 
and  squalid  circumstances  that  marked  his  declining  days.  This  also 
was  a  relic  of  olden  time,  when  the  lord  and  his  lady  used  to  show  them  - 
selves among  their  retinue  before  their  old  castles.  While  the  remains 
of  feudal  glory  still  lingered  around  the  houses  of  the  great  they  shared 
their  splendour,  they  gave  back  as  they  could  what  they  had  gotten,  and 
as  it  was  given  so  it  was  received.  The  grace  of  the  act  may  not  have 
been  acknowledged  by  word,  but  it  was  recognised  in  the  heart,  and  the 
generosity  of  the  act  took  away  all  possible  feelings  of  jealousy.  All 
could  not  be  rich,  but  the  reflection  of  riches  was  thus  cast  upon  all,  and 


the  wealth  of  the  one  was  regarded  as  the  common  property  of  everyone. 
They  were  all  on  an  equality  in  an  enjoyment  derived  from  wealth  in 
that  way. 

The  liberal  arts,  so  to  speak,  were  very  much  cultivated  then. 
Dr.  Caulfield  remarks  how  the  generous  intellect  of  Bishop  Berkeley 
introduced  much  social  refinement.  The  old  square  tower  that  stands 
near  Cloyne  on  the  hill,  in  the  midst  of  a  clump  of  trees  on  the  road  to 
Castlemartyr,  popularly  attributed  to  Bishop  Brinkley  as  a  place  for 
observing  the  midnight  skies,  was,  as  I  have  heard,  built  by  Bishop 
Bennett  for  more  social  purposes — music  and  afternoon  gatherings  were 
held  there.  About  and  before  this  time  tea  had  come  much  into  vogue  ; 
its  use  became  general,  and  the  price  was  not  at  the  first  prohibitive 
rate.  Mr.  Gillman,  in  his  interesting  paper  on  "  Cronodymore,"  relates 
how  a  lady  of  that  place  built  a  tea  tower,  and  probably  this  was  for  the 
same  purpose.  This  was  a  time  when  such  intellectual  entertainments 
were  not  common  in  society. 

Of  this  Bishop  Bennett,  my  informant,  often  spoke.  He  remembered 
his  face  and  figure  well.  Bishop  Bennett  was  a  many  of  very  consider- 
able learning,  and  his  literary  productions  were  also  considerable.  In 
order  to  obtain  perfect  security  from  interruption  he  had  a  somewhat 
peculiar  arrangement  made.  On  the  rocky  height  overlooking  the  entry 
to  the  caves  of  Cloyne  in  the  Bishop's  grounds  at  the  end  of  the  grove, 
called  "the  rock  shrubbery,"  leading  from  the  palace  garden  to  the 
caves,  where  the  philosopher  bishop  loved  to  walk  and  meditate, 
Dr.  Bennett  had  a  reading  room  of  wood.  It  was  of  the  shape  of  a  large 
hogshead,  circular.  It  turned  on  a  pivot  of  iron  sunk  in  the  rock,  and 
according  as  the  wind  blew  the  occupant  moved  it  round,  so  as  to  have 
complete  shelter.  Here  he  had  books  and  paper  and  materials  for 
writing.  Probably  it  was  only  in  summer  months  or  fair  weather  that 
he  resorted  to  it,  but  it  was  well  known,  and  sometimes  the  urchins  from 
the  town  used  to  come  and  turn  the  structure  round  until  assailed  from 
inside  by  the  Bishop  thus  rudely  interrupted. 

Bishop  Brinkley  also  he  spoke  of — his  liberality,  and  especially  his 
love  of  the  cultivation  of  flowers  ;  that  the  entire  space  at  the  south  of 
the  old  palace  facing  the  cathedral  was  one  maze  of  flower  beds,  and 
in  summer  one  blaze  of  blossom. 

"  He  had,  sir,  a  head  gardener,  an  under-gardener,  and  four  men 
under  them  all  the  year  round."  Allowing  for  some  pardonable  exag- 
geration, the  worthy  bishop  must  have  had  a  delightful,  though  costly, 
collection  of  flowers,  and  thus  gave  great  employment  in  the  town. 

With  the  decease  of  Bishop  Brinkley  the  reign  of  the  bishops  of 
Cloyne  ceased,  and  it  had  no  inglorious  ending.    Probably  no  class  of 


men  more  honourably  rilled  their  lot  in  life  than  those  bishops  of  whom 
I  have  written  these  notes. 

Cloyne  was  always  an  ecclesiastical  place.  Her  old  pipe-roll  connects 
it  with  the  episcopacy  of  many  ages  ago.  The  "  regiment  of  bishops," 
to  use  the  phrase  of  Hooker,  was  in  Cloyne  in  early  times  a  very  severe, 
if  not  despotic  one,  derived,  however,  not  from  Church  laws  alone,  but 
rather  from  a  grafting  on  such  laws  the  rude  customs  of  Irish  life.  The 
bishop  then,  being  lord  paramount,  could  take  their  sons  and  daughters, 
sequester  their  goods,  and  exercise  a  power  apparently  amounting  to 
that  of  a  master  over  slaves.  Whether  they  did  so  or  not  is  another 

In  those  early  days  the  ideas  of  liberty  were  not  far  advanced,  but  in 
the  latter  times,  and  towards  their  close,  their  rule  was  one  of  generosity, 
and  towards  those  whose  religion  was  different  from  their  own  one  of 
kindness  and  fatherly  affection. 

Besides  the  benefits  accruing  to  the  town  of  Cloyne  from  the  residence 
of  the  bishop  himself  were  those  of  the  clergy  who  were  associated  with 
him.  The  Vicar-General  lived  there.  The  visitations  brought  many 
clergy  to  the  place  once  a  year.  The  residence  of  the  canons  gave  an 
additional  element  to  the  society  of  the  town. 

All  this  has  passed  away  now.  Many  years  since  the  residentiary 
houses  assigned  to  each  of  the  prebendaries  have  been  alienated.  The 
"  Dean's  Garden  "  is  still  the  name  of  a  plot  of  ground  in  the  centre  of 
the  town.  The  old  palace  has  disappeared  in  a  disastrous  fire  some 
years  ago,  and  the  old  cathedral  remains  the  sole  memorial  of  those 
bygone  days. 

jNfotes  on  the  Council  J3ooK  0/  ClonaKilty, 

Now  in  the  possession  of  the  Rev.  J.  Hume  Townse?id,  D.  D. 

Collected  by  DOROTHEA  TOWNSHEND. 

At  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  on  St.  Luke's  day,  being  the  18th 
CloughnakiUy  of  0ctober>  I7I7,  Mr.  Richard  Sweet,  one  of  the  free  burgesses  of  the 
'  corporation,  pursuant  to  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the  Rt. 
HonWe  Henry  Lord  Barron  of  Carleton,  lord  of  the  said  burrough,  was  sworn  suffrain 
of  the  said  burrough,  and  had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him  by  the  present 
suffrain  and  undernamed  burgesses. 

Arnold  Gookin,  Richd.  Cox, 

Robert  Travers,  William  Hull. 

Ran.  Warner, 



At  the  same  court  John  Mead  and  Nicholas  Bennett  were  sworn  Serjeants. 

Richd.  Sweet,  Suffrain,  Arnold  Gookin. 

Rout.  Tr avers. 

At  the  afforsaid  court  the  customs  of  this  corporation  was  set  by  Richard  Sweet,  esqr» 
suffrain,  to  Phillip  Pyne  for  thirty-one  pounds,  to  be  pd.  in  three  equal  paymts,  viz., 
the  first  of  o>er,  the  26th  of  March,  and  the  29th  of  7h*r  following,  and  Robert  Spiller  is 
security.  Richard  Hungerford,  Dept.  Record1-- 

g         j  ^        The  general  sessions  of  the  peace  held  for  sd.  burrough  the  18th 
Cloughnakilty        °f  June>         before  Richard  Sweet,  esqr»  suffrain,  and  the  under- 
named burgesses. 

Jurors'  Names. — Edward  Warner,  Henry  Hayes,  John  Hayes,  John  Teap,  Samuel 
Gilbertson,  Florence  Donovan,  Nicholas  Bennett,  John  Bennett,  Edward  Spiller, 
Daniel  Carty,  John  Bateman,  Phillip  Pyne,  Ferdinando  Spiller. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Fryday,  the  25th  of  July, 

Cloughnakilty  I?l8'  the  honble  S"  Richard  Cox'  bart-»  Co11'  John  Bourne-  and  the 
'  Revd  Mr.  William  Hull  were  chosen  and  elected  to  be  presented  to 
the  Honble  Henry  Lord  Carleton,  to  the  end  that  one  of  them  may  be  nominated  and 
appointed  to  be  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year,  according  to  his  Majesty's  most  gracious 
grant  in  that  behalfe. 

Richard  Sweet,  Suffrn.,  William  Hull, 

Robert  Gillman,  John  Bourne, 

Arnold  Gookin,  Richd.  Cox. 

„  ,  ,        At  a  court  held  for  the  sd.  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  oth  of 

lSurrou&h  ole 

Cloughnakilty.  0ctober»  *7l8i  Thos-  Sealy  and  Willm-  Morphy,  gent.,  were  sworn 
'  freemen  before  Richard  Sweet,  esqr>  suffrain. 

Richd.  Sweet,  Suffrn. 

Burrou  h  de  At  a  C°Urt  held  f°r  Sd*  burrouS^  t^ie  l8tn  of  %her'  r7l8i  being  Saint 
n  h  hit  Luke's  dav>  Jonn  Bourne,  esqr>  pursuant  to  the  nomination  &  appoint- 
'  ment  of  the  Rt.  Hon^e  Henry  Lord  Carleton,  was  sworn  suffrain  for 

said  burrough  for  the  ensuing  year,  and  had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him 

by  the  late  suffrain  and  undernamed  burgesses. 


Robt.  Travers,  John  Townesend, 

William  Hull,  Arnold  Gookin. 

At  the  same  court  John  Mead  and  William  Munroe  were  sworn  Serjeants. 

.       At  a  court  of  record  held  for  the  sd.  burrough  the  22nd  day  of  8ber, 

urroug   of        g   ^efore  j0hn  Bourne,  esqr.  suffrain,  Fardinando  Spiller  was 
Cloughnakilty.  •[        ,  _  ,    '     ^     , .  , .  1  r 

sworn  constable,  and  John  Bennett  thithing  man. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  the  3rd  of  June,  17 19,  by  the 
urroug     e  un(jernamed  suffrain  and  burgesses,  William  Mead,  esqr>  was  sworn 
one  of  the  free  burgesses  of  this  corporation,  in  the  room  of  Mr.  Richd. 
Sweet,  deceased,  pursuant  to  his  Majestie's  most  gracious  grant  in  that  behalfe. 

John  Bourne,  Suffrn.,  Arnold  Gookin. 

Robert  Travers, 

At  the  same  court  Roger  Healy  and  Willm  Hea  of  Timoleague,  were  sworn  freemen. 


B    ro    h  d        ^  a  court        ^or  t^ie  sa^  burrough  on  Saturday,  the  25th  of  July, 
CI     h    k'lt  by  tne  undernamed  suffrain  and  burgesses,  S*-  Emanuel  Moore, 

'  Emanuel  Moore,  esqr>  and  John  Townesend,  esqr<  were  elected  and 
chosen  to  be  return'd  to  the  Rt.  Honble  Henry  Ld.  Carleton,  in  order  to  have  one  of 
them  return'd  to  serve  as  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year,  according  to  his  Majestie's  most 
gracious  grant  in  that  behalfe. 

John  Bourne,  Suffrn.,  John  Townesend, 

Joseph  Jervois,  William  Hull. 

Arnold  Gookin, 

Memor. — That  at  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  the  28th  of  8ber,  17 19,  the  customs 
of  the  fairs  and  markets  are  sett  for  the  year  to  come  to  Samuel  Gilbertson  for  thirty- 
four  pounds  five  shillings  sterl. 

Burro    h  de       ^  a  court        ^or  sa^  burrough  on  St.  Luke's  day,  being  the  18th 
Clou  hnakilt    °^  Oct°ker>  I7I9.  J°hn  Townesend,  one  of  the  free  burgesses  of  this 
'  burrough,  pursuant  to  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the  HonbIe 
the  Lord  Carleton,  was  sworn  suffrain  of  the  said  burrough  for  the  ensuing  year, 
and  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him  by  the  late  suffrain  and  undernamed 

John  Bourne,  Arnold  Gookin, 

Emanuel  Moore,  Richard  Cox,  jun. 

Richd.  Cox, 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  the  28th  of  8ber,  1719,  j0hn  Mead 
C/^  h*^ kit   anc*  Nicholas  Bennett  were  chosen  and  sworn  Serjeants  for  the  year  to 
come  before  John  Townesend,  esqr.  suffrain. 

John  Townesend,  Suffn. 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  17th  of 
urro™& '     e  February,  1719/20,  Richd.  Townesend,  esqr>  was  sworn  a  free  burgess 
'  in  the  room  of  Willm.  Wade,  esq1-,  deceased,  by  the  undernamed  suffrain 

and  burgesses 

John  Townesend,  Suffrn.,         William  Hull. 

At  the  same  court  Mr.  Cornelius  Townesed,  Adam  Clarke,  and  Daniel  Carty, 
attorney,  were  sworn  freemen  of  the  same. 

John  Townesend,  Suffn. 

Richard  Townesend  is  probably  the  eldest  son  and  heir  of  Bryan, 
of  Castletownshend.  He  was  born  1684,  and  married  in  1706  his  first 
cousin,  Mary,  daughter  of  Samuel  Synge,  dean  of  Kildare,  and  secondly, 
Elizabeth,  only  daughter  of  Henry  Becher  of  Creagh,  by  whom  he  had 
three  sons  and  three  daughters.  He  died  in  1742.  There  can  be  no  doubt 
that  he  was  the  Coll.  Richard  Townesend  mentioned  below  July  25th. 

Cornelius  Townesend  was  of  Clogheen,  son  of  John  FitzCornelius 
and  Mary  Bowdler,  and  grandson  of  Cornelius,  Colonel  R.  Townesend's 
eighth  son.  The  younger  Cornelius  married  Elizabeth  Strengways,  and 
left  no  children.  His  property  descended  to  his  nephew,  a  third 
Cornelius,  who  sold  it. 


B  urroug h  of 

Burrough  of 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  the  27th  of  April,  1720,  Samuel 
Kingston,  of  Kilgariffe,  was  sworn  freeman  of  this  corporation  before 
John  Townesend,  esqr>  suffrain. 

John  Townesend,  Suffn. 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  Monday,  the  25th  of  July,  1720, 
being  St.  James'  day,  the  HonWe  Sr  Emanuel  More,  Coll.  Richard 
Townesend,  and  Coll.  Emanuel  Moore  were  elected  and  chosen,  in 
order  to  have  one  of  them  appointed  for  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year  before  John 
Townesend,  suffn.,  and  the  undernamed  burgesses. 

John  Townesend,  Suffr.,  Arnold  Gookin, 

William  Hull,  Ran.  Warner. 

At  the  same  court  Mr.  Edward  Bradstone  was  sworn  freeman  of  this  burrough  by 
the  above  suffrain.  John  Townesend,  Suffr. 

Burrough  of  At  a  court  there  held  the  7th  of  o>r>  1720,  Mr.  James  Crooke,  jun., 
Cloughnakilty.  was  sworn  freeman  before  the  undernamed  suffrain. 

John  Townesend,  Suffr. 

Burrough  de  At  the  above  court  Nicholas  Bennett  and  John  Bennett  were  sworn 
Cloughnakilty.  Serjeants. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  sd.  burrough  on  Tuesday,  the  18th  of  8ber, 
urroug     e  jy20f  Dejng  gt.  Luke's  day,  Emanuel  Moore,  esq*-,  one  of  the  burgesses 
'  of  this  burrough,  pursuant  to  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the 
HonoWe  Lord  Carleton,  lord  of  the  soyle,  was  sworn  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year,  and 
had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him  by  the  undernamed  suffrain  and  burgesses. 
John  Townesend,  Ran.  Warner, 

Robert  Travers,  Arnold  Gookin, 

Willm.  Hull,  Robt.  Gillman. 

Burrough  de  At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  Anthony  Jobson,  esq1-.  Henry 
Cloughnakilty.  Alleyn,  and  James  Copinger  were  sworn  freemen. 

Emanuel  Moore,  esqr»  Suffrain. 

At  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  the  25th  of  July,  1721,  the 
urroug  oj  j^onbie  Sr  Percy  Freke,  bart,  George  Freke,  and  Richd.  Townesend, 
'  esqrs>  were  elected  and  chosen  to  be  returned  to  the  lord  of  the 
burrough,  in  order  to  have  one  of  them  appointed  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year 
according  to  the  charter,  before  the  undernamed  suffrain  and  burgesses. 

Emanuel  Moore,  John  Honner, 

William  Hull,  Percy  Freke, 

Ran.  Warner,  John  Townesend. 

At  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  18th  of  8ber, 
urroug   oj  j^2I|  being  Saint  Luke's  day,  Richard  Townesend,  esq.,  pursuant  to 
'  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the  Honble  Henry  Lord  Baron  of 
Carlton,  lord  of  the  soyle,  was  sworn  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year  by  the  undernamed 
suffrain  and  burgesses. 

Emanuel  Moore,  Ran.  Warner, 

Arnold  Gookin,  John^Honner. 
Robert  Travers, 


At  a  court  held  for  sd,  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  25th  of  July, 
Bimrough  of  I722j  gr  Richard  CoX)  bart  (  Sir  Emanuel  Moore,  bart.,  and  Sir  Percy 
'  Freke,  bart.,  were  chosen  and  elected  to  be  returned  to  the  lord  of  the 
burrough,  in  order  to  have  one  of  them  appointed  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year  accord- 
ing to  the  charter,  before  the  undernamed  suffrain  and  burgesses. 

Richard  Townesend,  Suffn.,      Ran.  Warner, 
Robert  Travers,  John  Townesend, 

Willm.  Hull,  Arnold  Gookin. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Thursday,  the  18th  of  8ber, 
CI     h  b ' k'ltv  I'722'  beinS  Saint  Luke's  day,  Sir  Emanuel  Moore,  bart.,  pursuant  to 
'  the  nomination  and  appointment  of  the  Rt.  Honble  Henry  Ld.  Barron 
of  Carleton,  lord  of  the  sd.  burrough,  was  sworn  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year,  and  had 
the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him  by  the  undernamed  suffrain  and  burgesses. 

Richd.  Townesend,  Robt.  Travers, 

Richd.  Cox,  John  Bourne, 

Emanuel  Moore,  Arnold  Gookin. 

John  Townesend, 

^  ^        At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  the  28th  of  ober,  1722,  by 
Clou  hnakilty  ^r  Emanuel  Moore,  bart.,  suffrain,  John  Honner,  junr.  was  sworn 
'  freeman  of  this  burrough  by  the  undernamed  suffrain  and  recorder. 

Emanuel  Moore,  Suffr., 
Richard  Hungerford,  Recorder. 

At  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  on  Thursday,  the  25th  of  July, 

Claughnakilty.  I?22'  being  Saint  James' daY'  the  Rt  Honble  James  Earl  of  Barry- 
'  more,  the  Honble  Brigadier  George  Freke,  and^  Captain  Freke  were 
elected  and  chosen  to  be  returned  to  the  lord  of  the  burrough,  in  order  to  have  one  of 
them  appointed  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year  according  to  the  charter,  by  the  under- 
named suffrain  and  burgesses. 

Emanuel  Moore,  Suffrn.,  John  Honner, 

John  Townesend,  Randle  Warner. 

Arnold  Gookin. 

.  At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  28th  day  of 

Cloughnakilty  Au§ust'  I723»  Captain  John  Birde  was  sworn  a  burgess  of  this  corpora- 
tion in  the  room  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  William  Hull,  deceased,  by  the 
undernamed  suffrain  and  burgesses,  pursuant  to  the  act  in  that  case  made  and  pro- 
vided, notice  being  first  published  eight  days  on  the  markett  house. 

Emanuel  Moore,  Suffr.,  Randle  Warner, 

Richard  Cox,  John  Bourne, 

Richard  Cox.,  junr.  Arnold  Gookin, 

Emanuel  Moore,  junr,  John  Townsend. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Fryday,  the  18th  of  8ber, 
CloiivJmakilty  l72?»  Captain  Henry  Freke,  pursuant  to  the  nomination  and  appoint- 
'  ment  of  the  lord  of  the  burrough,  was  sworn  suffrain  of  the  said 



burrough  for  the  ensuing  year  by  the  undernamed  suffrain  and  burgesses,  and  had  the 

ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him. 

Emanuel  Moore,  Suffr.,  John  Honner, 

Ran.  Warner,  Arnold  Gookin, 

John  Birde,  John  Townesend. 

Robt.  Travers, 

October  the  23rd,  1723.  At  a  court  held  for  the  burrough  of  Cloughnakilty,  John 
Mead  and  Nicholas  Bennett  were  sworn  serjts. 

Ha.  Freke,  Suffr. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  the  22nd  of  April,  1724,  by 
Vnva-hJihi'ltu  Harry  Freke,  esq1-,  suffrain  of  said  borrough,  Col.  John  Honner,  and 
Mr.  Arnold  Gookin,  free  burgesses,  James  Spiller,  a  freeman  of  said 
burrough,  was  by  a  majority  chosen  weighmaster  for  sd.  burrough,  and  sworn 


burrough,  v 

Harry  Freke,  Suffr.,  Arnold  Gookin. 

John  Honner, 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  22nd  day  of 
urroug  oj  ^ril,  1724.,  at  three  o'clock  in  the  afternoon  by  Harry  Freke,  esqr> 
'  suffrain,  Mr.  Richard  Hungerford,  deputy  recorder,  and  the  under- 
named burgesses,  the  following  protest  was  enter'd  to  the  proceedings  of  the  above 
court  by  the  burgesses  thereto  subscribing. 

Harry  Freke,  Suffr., 

Richard  Hungerford,  Dep.  Record. 

"  Whereas  Harry  Freke,  esqr>  suffrain  of  the  burrough  of  Cloughnakilty,  attended 
by  Mr.  Richard  Hungerford,  deputy  recorder,  Sr.  Emanuel  Moore,  Coll.  John  Honner, 
John  Townesend,  esqr>  Mr.  Arnold  Gookin,  Capt.  John  Birde,  burgesses  of  said  burrough, 
called  and  held  a  court  of  record  in  and  for  the  said  burrough  at  the  house  of  James 
Spiller  on  the  fifteenth  of  this  instant  April,  and  whereas  the  suffrain  then  and  there 
in  open  court  did  declare  that  he  call'd  said  court  with  design  to  swear  James  Spiller 
weighmaster  of  the  sd.  burrough  in  the  room  of  Francis  Hanglin,  and  all  the  sd. 
burgesses  except  Mr.  Arnold  Gookin  objected  that  it  would  be  a  hardship  to  displace 
Francis  Hanglin  from  being  weighmaster,  because  he  accepted  of  the  place  when  no 
other  would,  and  when  it  was  of  no  value,  and  behaved  himself  in  it  to  the  general 
satisfaction  and  ease  of  the  burrough,  whereupon  the  suffrain  finding  he  could  not 
carry  it  by  the  majorite  of  voices,  then  made  an  objection,  and  ah  abridgment  of  the 
late  statute  made  for  continuing  and  amending  the  laws  in  relation  to  butter  and 
tallow  casks  being  produe'd  to  him,  he  declared  he  did  not  know  whether  the  statute 
was  truly  abridg'd,  and  said  he  wou'd  adjourn  the  court  to  this  day,  being  Wednesday, 
the  22nd  of  April  instant,  and  that  he  wou'd  by  this  day  produce  the  sd.  statute,  and 
lay  it  before  the  court ;  and  pursuant  thereto  the  court  was  adjourned  by  the  recorder 
to  the  usual  hour,  |  an  hour  after  ten  of  the  clock ;  that  soon  after  the  said  suffrain, 
with  all  the  abovenamed  burgesses  (except  Mr.  Gookin),  were  at  the  house  of  Francis 
Hanglin,  where  the  suffrain  then  repeated  that  he  would  have  the  statute  laid  before 
them,  and  thereupon  the  said  burgesses  promised  to  attend  him  this  day  in  court. 
Now  the  said  John  Honner  sets  forth  that  the  said  Harry  Freke,  suffrain,  came  to  his 
house  yesterday,  being  the  21st  inst.,  where  he  lay  last  night,  on  condition  that  the 
said  Honner  wou'd  go  with  him  very  early  this  morning  to  Cloughnakilty,  pretending 


to  meet  a  butcher  who  bought  sheep  of  him,  and  was  farther  treating  with  him  about 
some  bullocks ;  that  accordingly  the  suffrain  call'd  me  up  very  early  this  morning;  that 
we  were  not  long  in  town  before  I  asked  the  said  suffrain  where  his  servant  was, 
who  told  me  he  had  sent  him  for  the  butcher  ;  that  soon  after  the  aforenamed  Arnold 
Gookin  came  to  us,  and  then  Nicholas  Bennett,  one  of  the  Serjeants  of  the  said  cor- 
poration, by  order  of  the  suffrain,  call'd  court,  sd.  suffrain,  sd.  Gookin,  and  myself 
being  present.  I  then  objected  that  it  was  too  early  in  the  morning  to  call  the  court, 
and  that  the  court  cou'd  not  be  called  regularly  without  the  recorder,  and  that  the 
burgesses  that  promised  were  not  yet  come,  and  that  his  proceedings  were  not 
according  to  law ;  but  the  said  suffrain  said  he  was  well  advised,  and  he  wou'd 
immediately  proceed  and  swear  James  Spiller  weighmaster  for  sd.  burrough,  and 
accordingly  the  said  Spiller  then  and  there  was  sworn  weighmaster  by  the  suffrain 
and  burgesses,  tho'  I  then  protested,  as  I  do  now  hereby  protest,  against  all  the  sd. 
proceedings,  as  judging  the  court  to  be  unlawfull,  in  testimony  whereof  I  have  hereunto 
sett  my  hand  this  twenty-second  day  of  April,  1724. 

Henry  Honner." 

We,  the  undernamed  burgesses  of  the  burrough  of  Cloughnakilty,  having  read  the 
foregoing  protest,  are  persuaded  of  the  ilegality  of  the  suffrain's  proceedings  this  day 
in  a  pretended  court  held  by  the  sd.  suffrain  in  sd.  burrough  at  six  o'clock  this 
morning,  and  we  do  hereby  protest  against  the  said  pretended  court  as  being 
unlawfull,  in  testimony  whereof  we  have  hereunto  put  our  hands  this  twenty-second 
day  of  April,  1724. 

Emanuel  Moore,  John  Birde, 

Richard  Cox,  John  Townesend. 

Randle  Warner, 

At  the  said  court  the  dispute  that  was  between  the  suffrain  and 
Cloughnakilty.  ProtestinS  burgesses  in  relation  to  the  foregoing  dispute  about  weigh- 
'  master  is  left  to  the  opinion  of  Sir  Richd.  Cox,  bart.,  whether  the 
court  held  by  the  soveraigne  this  morning  is  legal  or  not. 

Har.  Freke,  Suffrn.,  Ran.  Warner, 

Emanuel  Moore,  John  Townesend, 

Arnold  Gookin,  John  Birde. 
Jonas  Travers. 

The  court  of  record  held  for  the  said  burrough  the  29th  day  of 
Cloug^Tnakiiy.  Apri1,  *724'  by  the  undernamed  suffrn.,  deputy  recorder,  and  burgesses, 
'  the  Honble  S*  Richard  Cox,  bart.,  having  given  his  opinion  to  a  new 
election,  Francis  Hanglin,  by  a  majority,  was  sworn  weighmaster,  and  Robert  Hanglin 
deputy  weighmaster,  pursuant  to  the  late  statute  made  in  that  case. 

Har.  Freke,  Suffrn.,  John  Bourne, 

Emanuel  Moore,  John  Birde, 

Richard  Cox,  Ran.  Warner. 

Richard  Hungerford,  Depy  Recorder. 

{To  be  continued.) 


Cork  JVLfs.,  1559-1800. 

Being  a  Biographical  Dictionary  of  the  Members  of  Parliament  for  the 
City,  the  County,  and  the  Boroughs  of  the  County  of  Cork,  from  the 
earliest  returns  to  the  Union. 

By  C.  M.  TENISON,  B.L.,  M.R.I. A. 

O'Donovan,  Daniel  (The  ©'Donovan). 

M.P.  Baltimore  in  James  II. 's  Parliament,  1689. 

Son  of  Daniel  O'Donovan  by  Gillis,  daughter  of  Sir  Roger  O'Shaughnessy,  of 
county  Galway.  He  was  a  colonel  in  the  service  of  King  James,  and  defended 
Charles  fort  at  Kinsale  for  the  king  with  vigour,  and  surrendered  "  with  his  own 
hand  "  the  keys  to  the  Earl  of  Marlborough,  and  made  honourable  terms. 

In  1662  he  received  a  testimonial  from  the  English  inhabitants  of  the  barony  of 
Carbery,  certifying  that  from  his  childhood  he  had  lived  inoffensively  towards  them, 
and  had  been  a  loyal  and  faithful  subject  to  his  Majesty  (Charles  II.).  In  1684  he  was 
put  on  his  trial  for  high  treason,  but  the  proceedings  came  to  nothing,  though  in  1692 
he  delivered  himself  to  the  high  sheriff,  being  apparently  "wanted"  by  the  govern- 
ment ;  but  he  was  not  detained,  or  even  prosecuted. 

He  married  first,  Victoria,  daughter  of  Captain  Coppinger,  and  had  issue  a  daughter ; 
he  married  secondly,  in  1665,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Major  Tonson,  and  had  issue.  He 
was  living  in  1701.    Ancestor  of  The  O'Donovan. 

O'Donovan,  Daniel  (or  Donnell). 

M.P.  Doneraile  in  James  II. 's  Parliament,  1689. 

Probably  son  of  Richard  O'Donovan,  ll.d.  (who  died  1694),  by  Catherine  Ronayne. 
He  was  "  of  Dunamark."  He  (or  the  foregoing)  was  appointed  portreeve  of  Baltimore 
by  the  new  charter  granted  by  James  II.  in  1687. 

He  married  Mary,  daughter  of  Thomas  Holmes,  and  was  ancestor  of  a  family  that 
recently  lived  in  the  city  of  Cork  in  very  humble  circumstances. 

O'Donovan,  Jeremiah. 

M.P.  Baltimore  in  James  II.'s  Parliament,  1689. 

Son  of  Daniel  MacMortough  O'Donovan,  of  Clogh-a-tradbally  and  Rinogreny.  Was  of 
"  Donovan's  Leap,"  county  Cork.  He  had  letters-patent  from  Charles  II.  (9th  Dec, 
1696),  of  various  lands  in  Carbery  and  Courcey,  and  premises  in  the  cities  of  Cork  and 
Dublin,  in  the  town  of  Bray,  and  the  barony  of  Duleek.  He  was  chief  of  the  clan 
Loughlin,  and  a  Protestant.  Was  appointed  registrar  of  the  Court  of  Admiralty  in 
Ireland  by  James  II. 

He  married,  1686,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Oliver  Tallant,  and  had  issue.  He  died  1 709. 
His  son,  Jeremiah  O'Donovan,  sold  "  Donovan's  Leap  "  to  Richard  Tonson. 

Oliver,  Charles,  of  Clonodfoy,  Limerick. 

M.P.  Midleton,  1695. 

Son  of  Captain  Robert  Oliver,  m.p.  for  Limerick  county,  1661,  by  Bridget,  daughter  of 
Andrew  Ormsby.    Was  high  sheriff  of  Cork,  1695  ;  M.P.  also  for  Limerick,  1703- 1706. 

He  married,  1670,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Percy  Smith,  of  Ballinatray,  and  died 
13th  April,  1706,  leaving  issue  (see  Robert  Oliver). 



Oliver,  Robert,  of  Clonodfoy  (now  Castle  Oliver). 

M.P.  Castlemartyr,  171 3-14. 

Son  of  Charles  Oliver,  m.p.  (q.v.),  and  descended  from  Robert  Oliver,  "clerk  of 
munitions,"  Cork,  1612.  Was  colonel  of  Limerick  militia  ;  ll.d.  (/ion.  cau.)T.c.D.,  1709. 
M.P.  also  for  Kilmallock,  1703-13;  county  Limerick,  1715-27;  Kilmallock,  1727  till  his 
death  in  1747  (qy.  1738). 

He  married  first,  1702,  Katherine,  daughter  of  Sir  Robert  Southwell,  clerk  to  the 
privy  council  and  secretary  of  state  for  Ireland,  and  sister  of  Lord  de  Clifford;  he 
married  secondly,  1705,  Susannah,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  James  Knight,  and  had 
issue ;  {qy.  he  married  thirdly,  Valentina,  third  daughter  of  Sir  Claud  Hamilton,  and 
widow  of  Colonel  Charles  Blunt  and  Colonel  Knight.  Ancestor  of  the  Cherrymount 
and  Castle  Oliver  (Clonodfoy)  families.  His  daughter  Jane  married  as  first  wife 
Boyle  Aldworth,  and  was  mother  of  Richard  Aldworth,  m.p.  (q.v.) 

O'Neill,  Charles. 

M.P.  Clonakilty,  1784-90;  elected  for  Castlemartyr  and  Clonakilty,  1790, 
and  sat  for  the  latter  till  1797. 

Said  to  be  younger  son  of  Charles  O'Neill,  of  Shane's  Castle,  by  Catherine,  daughter 
of  Right  Hon.  St.  John  Brodrick,  and  brother  of  John  (created  Viscount)  O'Neill. 
Barrister-at-law,  1784;  lived  in  Ely  Place,  Dublin,  and  subsequently  at  Monkstown 

He  married  Alice  (or  Jane),  daughter  of  Francis  Drew,  of  Drew's  Court,  and  had 
issue.    His  daughter  Charlotte  married  Thomas  Prendergast,  m.p.  (q.v.) 

Orde,  The  Right  Hon.  Thomas  (afterwards  Lord  Bolton). 

M.P.  Rathcormick,  1783-90. 

Second  son  of  John  Orde,  of  Morpeth ;  born  30th  August,  1748;  married,  1778,  Jean 
Mary  Paulet,  illegitimate  daughter  (and  heir  by  devise)  of  Charles,  fifth  and  last  Duke 
of  Bolton.  Was  M.P.  also  for  Aylesbury,  1780-84;  Harwich,  1784-96.  Assumed  the 
name  of  Poulett,  1795.  Secretary  to  the  Treasury  ;  governor  of  the  Isle  of  Wight ; 
created  Baron  Bolton  1797.    Died  1807.    Ancestor  of  present  peer. 

Ormsby,  John,  of  Athlacca,  county  Limerick,  and  Ballyvenoge. 

M.P.  Charleville,  1695-99. 

Eldest  son  of  Arthur  Ormsby,  of  Ballyvenogue,  county  Limerick,  and  grandson  of 
Arthur  Ormsby,  who  in  1665  had  grants  of  lands  in  counties  of  Cork  and  Limerick. 
Was  M.P.  also  for  Kilmallock,  1692-95. 

He  married,  25th  April,  1685,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Richard  Kingston,  and  had  an 
only  son,  who  d.s.p.,  and  two  daughters. 

(Incorrectly  called  James  Ormsby  in  Tuckey.) 

Palmes,  Lieut.-General  Francis,  of  Dublin. 

M.P.  Youghal,  1715-19. 

Probably  a  descendant  of  Francis  Palmes,  who  had  grants  of  land  in  Queen's  County, 
1563.    He  died  1719,  when  Francis  Rugge  (q.v.)  was  elected  in  his  stead. 

Parker,  Brigadier-General  Gervais,  of  Dublin. 

Elected  for  Kinsale,  22nd  October,  1731,  but  unseated. 

A  general  of  horse ;  governor  of  Cork,  and  received  the  freedom  of  the  city  in  a  silver 
box,  23rd  January,  1726;  governor  of  Kinsale,  1726;  commander-in-chief  in  Ireland. 

His  return  was  petitioned  against  by  Richard,  Ponsonby  (q.v.),  and  he  was  declared 
to  have  been  "  miselected,"  and  Ponsonby  obtained  the  seat. 


Parker,  Matthew,  of  Youghal. 

M.R  Clonakilty,  1766-68. 

Son  of  John  Parker,  of  Gortroe. 

He  married,  1740,  Catherine  Chinnery  (sister  to  Sir  Brodrick  Chinnery  and  the 
Bishop  of  Cloyne),  and  had  issue  one  son  and  two  daughters,  the  younger  of  whom 
married  Sir  Henry  Mannix,  bart.  (extinct). 

Mathew  Parker  was  a  gentleman  of  some  eccentricity,  and  he  left  the  bulk  of  his 
property,  I  believe,  to  the  Lord  Shannon  of  the  day,  and  away  from  his  own  family. 

Peere,  Lott. 

M.P.  Baltimore,  1634. 

Was  secretary  to  Sir  William  St.  Leger,  Lord  President  of  Muuster ;  admitted  to  the 
freedom  of  Youghal  4th  February,  1627,  on  the  same  occasion  that  Sir  William  was 
admitted,  and  is  called  "Lott  Pierce"  in  the  municipal  records;  freeman  of  Cork 
27th  June,  1628.  He  was  elected  M.P.  for  Baltimore  on  21st  June,  1634,  and  resigned 
in  the  ensuing  December,  being  "absent  in  England  on  special  occasions,"  when 
James  Travers  {q.v.)  was  returned  in  his  place. 

He  was  dead  before  23rd  October,  1652,  when  his  widow  and  sons  were  residing 
at  or  near  Audley  End,  in  Cambridgeshire. 

Perceval,  Sir  John,  of  Buxton,  bart. 

M.P.  Cork  County  1661,  till  his  decease  in  1665. 

Eldest  son  of  Sir  Philip  Perceval,  knt,  commissary  general  of  the  king's  army  in 
Ireland,  1641,  by  Catherine  Usher. 

He  was  born  in  Dublin  7th  September,  1629  ;  clerk  of  the  Crown  and  Common 
Pleas,  1655  ;  admitted  to  the  King's  Inns,  1657  ;  knighted  by  Henry  Cromwell ;  a 
privy  councillor  ;  created  a  baronet  9th  September,  1661 ;  prothonotary  of  the  Common 
Pleas,  and  one  of  the  Council  of  the  President  of  Munster. 

He  married,  14th  February,  1655,  Catherine,  daughter  of  Sir  Robert  Southwate,  of 
Kinsale  (she  died  17th  August,  1679,  and  buried  at  Kinsale). 

He  died  in  Dublin  1st  November,  1665,  and  was  buried  in  St.  Audren's  church 
there.    Ancestor  of  the  Earls  of  Egmont. 

Perceval,  Sir  John,  Bart,  (afterwards  Earl  of  Egmont.) 

M.P.  Cork  County,  1703-13;  1713-14. 

Son  of  Sir  John  Perceval,  third  baronet,  by  Catherine,  daughter  of  Sir  Edward  Dering, 
bart.,  and  grandson  of  the  foregoing. 

He  was  born  22nd  July,  1683  ;  succeeded  his  brother  Sir  Edward  in  the  baronetcy, 
1691 ;  was  admitted  a  burgess  of  Kinsale  in  1708,  and  had  his  freedom  in  a  silver  box 
"  in  consideration  of  the  great  respect"  the  corporation  bore  him.  Was  M.P.  also  for 
Harwich,  1722,  1726,  and  1727-34;  a  privy  councillor;  created  Baron  Perceval  1715, 
Viscount  Perceval  1722,  and  Earl  of  Egmont  1733  ;  recorder  of  Harwich  ;  president  of 
the  province  of  Georgia. 

He  married,  1710,  Catherine,  daughter  of  Sir  Philip  Parker  a  Morley  (she  died  1749). 
He  died  1st  May,  1748,  leaving  issue. 

Petty,  Henry,  of  High  Wycombe,  Bucks,  (afterwards  Earl  of  Shelburne.) 

M.P.  Midleton,  1692-95. 

Second  son  of  Sir  William  Petty,  m.p.  {q.v.)  He  was  ranger  of  the  Phoenix  Park, 
Dublin;  a  privy  councillor ;  was  M.P.  also  for  Wat  erf ord  county,  1695-99;  for  Great 
Marlow,  1715-22;  High  Wycombe,  1722-27;  f.r.s.  ;  created  Baron  Shelburne  1699, 
Viscount  Dunkerrin  and  Earl  of  Shelburne  17 19. 

He  died  17th  April,  175 1,  without  issue  surviving.  His  sister  Anne  married 
Thomas,  first  Earl  of  Kerry,  and  was  ancestor  of  the  Marquess  of  Lansdowne,  who 
inherits  the  Petty  estates,  and  is  also  Earl  of  Shelburne  of  a  subsequent  creation. 



Henry  Petty  married  Arabella,  fifth  daughter  of  Charles  Boyle  (Lord  Clifford),  and 
had  issue  a  son,  who  d.s.p.  v.p.,  and  a  daughter,  Anne,  who  married  Francis  Bernard 
(son  of  Francis  Bernard,  m.p.,  q.v.),  but  also  d.s.p. 

Petty,  Sir  William,  Knt. 

M.P.  Kinsale  and  Bandon  in  Cromwell's  Parliament,  1659. 

The  celebrated  surveyor-general  of  Ireland,  and  author  of  the  Down  Survey ;  son  of 
Anthony  Petty,  of  Ramsey,  clothier;  was  m.d.  and  physician-general  to  the  army,  1652; 
clerk  of  the  council ;  M.P.  also  for  West  Looc,  1658  ;  Enniscorthy,  1661  ;  knighted 
1661  ;  f.r.s.  He  married,  1667,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Hardress  Waller,  and  widow 
of  Sir  Maurice  Fenton,  m.p.  {q.v.),  and  had  two  sons  (who  d.s.p.)  and  a  daughter,  Anne 
(see  Henry  Petty).    Lady  Petty  was  created  Baroness  Shelburne  1688,  and  died  1708. 

When  Vincent  °Gookin  {q.v)  surrendered  his  seat  for  these  boroughs  in  1659,  Sir 
William  (then  Doctor)  Petty  was  elected.  (See  D.N.B.,  and  Lord  Edmond  Fitz- 
maurice's  Life  of  Petty.) 

Phillips,  William. 

M.P.  Doneraile,  1703-13. 

Fierce  (or  Piers),  Henry,  of  Dublin. 

M.P.  Baltimore,  1613. 

Son  of  William  Piers,  who  came  to  Ireland  in  1566,  and  was  "a  man  of  valour  and 
courage,"  and  was  governor  of  Carrickfergus  and  seneschal  of  county  Antrim. 

Henry  Piers  and  Sir  Thomas  Crooke  (q.v.)  were  the  first  two  members  for  the 
borough  of  Baltimore,  which  was  incorporated  25th  March,  161 3.  He  was  of 
Tristernagh,  county  Westmeath,  and  was  secretary  to  the  Lord  Deputy.  "  By  con- 
versing with  many  of  the  Roman  Church  he  turned  to  that  faith  against  the  advice  of 
his  wife  and  her  friends,  and  prevailed  on  some  of  his  children  to  embrace  that 
religion."  He  travelled  in  Germany,  Spain,  Italy,  etc.,  for  eight  years,  and  wrote  an 
account  of  his  travels,  which  was  amongst  the  MSS.  in  the  Chandos  Library. 

He  married  Jane,  daughter  of  Dr.  Thomas  Jones,  archbishop  of  Dublin,  and  died 
16th  September,  1623,  leaving  issue.  His  grandson,  Henry  Piers,  of  Tristernagh,  was 
created  a  baronet  18th  January,  1660,  and  was  progenitor  of  the  present  baronet. 

Pigot,  Emanuel. 

M.P.  Cork  City,  1735-60. 

Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Pigot,  of  Chetwynd,  Cork,  by  Jane,  daughter  of  Sir  Emanuel 
Moore,  bart.    Free  of  Cork  8th  November,  173 1. 

He  married  first,  Lucy,  daughter  of  George  Rogers,  of  Ashgrove,  Cork,  m.p.  {q.v.), 
by  whom  he  was  grandfather  of  Thomas  Pigott,  m.p.  (q.v.)  He  married  secondly, 
Judith,  daughter  of  Richard  Warburton,  and  had  issue. 

Pigott,  Thomas. 

M.P.  Midleton,  1783-90;  1790  till  his  death  in  1793. 

Son  of  George  Pigott  by  Jane  Warburton,  and  grandson  of  Emanuel  Pigott,  m.p.  (q.v.) 
He  was  a  major-general  in  the  army;  governor  of  the  city  of  Cork;  M.P.  also  for 
Taghmon,  1776-83. 

He  was  born  13th  October,  1734;  married,  13th  September,  1763,  Priscilla,  daughter 
of  William  Carden,  of  the  Queen's  County,  and  died  October,  1793,  leaving  issue. 

His  son,  Lieut.-General  George  Pigott,  was  created  a  baronet  1808,  and  was 
ancestor  of  the  present  holder  of  the  title. 

(  To  be  continued). 



jiotes  and  Queries. 


Contributed  by  R.  J).  :  l)u hallow  Hunt. 

/.  Grove  While:  "The  Rise  and  Progress  in  Munster  ok  the  Rebellion,  1642." 
/.  F.  Lynch:  Fragments. 

Old  Cork:  Order  ok  "The  Friendly  Brothers  ok  St.  Patrick." 

Duhallow  Hunt. — There  are  yet  other  buttons  of  the  Duhallow  Hunt  in  the 
family  of  Captain  John  Brazier  Creagh,  of  Creagh  Castle,  and  of  Mr.  Brazier  Creagh, 
of  Stream  Hill,  Doneraile,  which  have  an  important  bearing  on  the  history  of  the  club, 
as  they  prove  conclusively  that  the  Duhallows  existed  as  a  hunt  club  before  a.d.  1800. 
The  buttons  are  of  silver,  and  are  inscribed  "Duhallow  Hunt  revived,  1800." 

R.  D. 

"The  Rise  and  Progress  in  Munster  of  the  Rebellion,  1642."— My 

ancestor,  Lieutenant  John  Downing  (mentioned  on  page  73,  vol.  ii.  second  series  of 
the  Joztmal),  was  a  son  of  John  Downing,  esq.  (married  a  daughter  of  —  Travers,  esq.), 
of  Ballymanah,  county  Tipperary,  who  died  1629.  He  was  also  of  Ballymanah,  and 
afterwards  of  Hospital,  county  Limerick,  and  a  captain  in  the  army.  When  lieutenant 
to  Sir  William  St.  Leger  he  defended  the  castle  of  Doneraile  in  1642  against  the 
Irish  rebels.  He  married  Catherine,  daughter  of  —  Browne,  esq.,  of  Mullahiffe,  and 
had,  with  other  issue,  a  son,  John  Downing,  who  rode  with  his  brother  in  the 
Horse  Guards  of  Charles  II.,  when  in  exile.  He  married  and  had  issue. — Extract 
from  a  family  pedigree.  J.  Grove  White. 

Fragments. — The  barony  in  which  Lough  Gur  lies,  now  known  by  the  name  of 
Small  County,  was  formerly  called  Deis  Beag.  Its  old  inhabitants  were  a  race  of 
Firbolgs  named  Mairtine,  or  Muirtine.  These  were  subdued  by  three  septs,  called  by 
O'Heerin  the  O'Luain,  the  Ui  Duibhrose,  and  the  Ui  Faircheallaigh.  Dr.  O'Donovan 
says  the  last  name  is  anglicised  O'Farrelly,  but  that  there  is  not  one  person  of  the 
name  to  be  found  in  Small  County.  I  do  not  think  that  any  trace  of  the  occupation  of 
this  tribe  can  now  be  found  in  Small  County,  but  near  Caherconlish  there  is  a  rock, 
Carrigoreely/1)  and  a  townland  named  from  it,  which  preserves  the  name  of  the  Ui 
Faircheallaigh.  Upon  this  rock  are  the  ruins  of  a  castle  built  by  the  Burkes,  and  a  short 
distance  to  the  south  is  the  site  of  a  large  rath  which  was  dug  out  about  eighty  years 
ago.  The  people  have  a  story  that  a  small  stone  figure  of  a  man,  with  a  sword  at  his 
side,  was  then  found,  but  that  it  vanished  most  mysteriously  the  night  after  its  dis- 
covery. Mention  of  Lough  Gur  is  made  in  the  account  of  the  wars  of  Diarmaid  Mac 
Maoilnambo,  king  of  Leinster,  and  Toirdhealbhach  Mac  Briain,  with  Donnchadh  Mac 
Briain.  Toirdhealbhach  was  grandson  of  Brian  Boroimhe,  and  foster-son  of  Diarmaid. 
He  was  the  rightful  sovereign  of  Munster  on  the  death  of  his  father,  Tadhg,  who  had 
been  assassinated  by  his  brother,  Donnchadh,  in  1023.  When  Toirdhealbhach  grew  up, 
he  and  his  foster-father  waged  incessant  war  on  Donnchadh.    They  destroyed  the 

(1)  Carrigoreely  represents  the  Irish  C4Jltl415  U)  r^OJJtcealUlo". 



ancient  forts  of  Duntrileague,  Loch  Gair,  burned  Limerick  and  Emly,  and  inflicted 
a  crushing  defeat  on  Donnchadh,  near  Sliabh  Crot,  in  the  glen  of  Aherlow. 

In  the  year  1515a  war  broke  out  among  the  Fitzgeralds,  and  in  the  Annals  of  Loch  Ce 
we  read,  "The  castle  of  Aine  was  captured  from  John,  son  of  the  Earl  of  Desmumha, 
by  James,  son  of  the  Earl ;  and  he  then  sits  down  before  the  castle  of  Loch  Gair,  which 
was  in  great  straits  by  him  until  the  Sil-Briain,  and  the  Sil-Cerbhaill,  and  the  Cenel 
Aedha  sent  him  away  from  it."  The  Four  Masters  in  giving  an  account  of  this,  say 
that  "when  the  son  of  the  Earl  perceived  the  nobles  of  the  army  of  the  great  race  of 
Brian  approach,  the  resolution  he  arrived  at  was  not  to  come  to  an  engagement  with 
them,  but  to  leave  the  town  unharmed,  and  thus  they  parted  with  each  other." 

I  now  give  from  the  Calendar  of  State  Papers  some  extracts  in  which  Lough  Gur  is 
mentioned — 

"Limerick,  August  gl/i,  1536.  Ossory  and  some  of  the  Council  to  Crumwell. 
James  Fitzjohn  of  Desmond  has  proclaimed  himself  Earl  and  joined  O'Brien.  Parlia- 
ment adjourned  to  Limerick.  The  army  marched  to  Cashel.  Gray  takes  Desmond's 
castle  at  Lough  Gur." 

"Limerick,  August  gtk,  1536.  William  Body  to  Crumwell.  Castle  Lok  Kere  taken 
by  the  Lord  Treasurer  Butler,  July  31st." 

This  Butler  was  the  ninth  Earl  of  Ormonde.  He  succeeded  his  father  in  1539,  but 
in  1532  he  had  been  appointed  Lord  High  Treasurer  of  Ireland.  In  1535  he  was  made 
Admiral  of  the  Kingdom,  and  Viscount  Thurles,  He  laid  claim  to  the  Earldom  of 
Desmond  in  right  of  his  wife,  Joan,  daughter  to  the  eleventh  Earl  of  Desmond.  The 
two  entries  refer  to  the  same  seizure,  for  Butler  was  acting  under  the  orders  of  Lord 
Deputy  Gray. 

"December  lytk,  1537.  Loghgyr.  James,  Earl  of  Desmond  to  Gray.  Readiness 
to  serve  the  King.  He  never  intended  to  offend,  although  he  had  suffered  much  wrong. 
He  will  put  in  pledges  on  receiving  the  King's  pardon." 

This  Earl  was  received  into  great  favour  by  the  King.  He  went  to  England  in  1542, 
bearing  letters  of  recommendation  from  Lord  Deputy  St.  Leger.  On  this  occasion  he 
was  appointed  Lord  High  Treasurer  of  Ireland.  Desmond  was  favoured  in  order  that 
he  might  be  a  counterbalance  to  the  power  of  Ormonde.  St.  Leger,  writing  to  King 
Henry,  says,  "  I  thought  it  good  to  have  a  Rowland  for  an  Oliver." 

"  Limerick,  July  yd,  1566.  Sir  Warhame  Sentleger  to  Sir  H.  Sydney,  Lord  Deputy. 
Meeting  with  the  Earl  of  Desmond  at  Lough  Kirr.  Tenor  of  the  Queen's  letter  to 
Lord  Deputy  imparted  to  Desmond.  Desmond's  displeasure,  courage,  and  power. 
Necessity  of  ending  the  controversy." 

"  Castelleyehan,  November  24th,  1 573.  Justice  Nicholas  Walshe  to  the  Lord  Deputy. 
Earl  of  Desmond  met  at  Knockdalton  by  Rory  Oge  and  Piers  Grace.  The  Earl  and 
Countess  put  on  Irish  raiment  at  Lough  Gur,  and  make  a  proclamation." 

The  people  of  Lough  Gur  have  traditions  of  two  great  battles ;  the  one  was  fought 
in  Bloody  Hollow,  a  little  distance  north  of  Knockfinnell,  and  the  other  was  fought 
near  the  stone  circles  to  the  south  of  Knocksentry.  The  people  also  relate  that  in  the 
days  of  Sarsfield,  a  farmer,  named  Rody  Camden,  was  admitted  into  Tir  na  n-og  by 
Terren  Glas,  the  gatekeeper  of  Lough  Gur  entrance.  Rody  held  converse  with  Gearoidh 
Iarla,  the  Fians  of  Erinn,  and  Cuchullainn.  One  thing  which  particularly  struck  him, 
and  which  he  related  to  his  friends  afterwards  at  Lough  Gur,  was  that  the  Fians  of 
Erinn  had  nothing  stronger  to  drink  than  metheglin  ("mead").  In  another  story 
I  heard,  Sarsfield,  Galloping  O'Hogan,  and  Tibbott  Burke  of  Caherconlish,  are  cap- 
tured at  Lough  Gur  by  an  English  leader  named  Gideon  Grimes,  and  confined  in  the 
Green  Knight's  apartment  at  Lough  Gur,  from  which  they  are  rescued  by  a  nephew  of 



Rody  Camden,  named  Cos  Redin,  or  the  "brown-footed  messenger,"  who  takes  them 
through  the  subterranean  passage  under  Kiiocklinuell  to  Glenoghra  Castle,  then 
belonging  to  an  Irish  chief,  named  Hugh  O'Ryan. 

At  the  foot  of  Keillalough  Hill  there  are  several  boulders  which  according  to  tradi- 
tion were  thrown  hither  from  Kncckfiema  by  Donn  Firinne,  the  powerful  fairy-king 
who  rules  over  Mid-Munster,  as  Aibhin  of  Craig  Liath  does  over  North  Munster,  and 
Cliodhna  of  Carrig-Cleena,  near  Mallow,  over  South  Munster.  The  giant  of  Lough 
Gur,  who  now  peacefully  rests  in  his  dolmen  at  the  foot  of  the  hill,  attempted  to  fling 
these  stones  back  again  to  Knocklierna,  but  only  succeeded  in  throwing  a  stone  as  far 
as  Camas,  near  Bruff,  where  it  now  lies  with  the  marks  of  the  giant's  fingers  upon  it. 
One  of  these  boulders  at  Keillalough  is  named  Carraig  na  mbreug,  "the  rock  of  the 
lies."  Why  this  singular  name  I  cannot  say,  but  a  similar  term  occurs  as  the  name  of 
one  of  the  hills  in  the  Knockgrean  range,  near  Pallas  Grean,  Carrigneihig,  "the  rock  of 
lies."  One  would  expect  better  things,  however,  of  a  stone  from  Knockfierna,  "  the  hill 
of  truth."  Casting  stones  was  a  very  favourite  amusement  with  the  giants  and  fairies 
who  roamed  about  Ireland  in  the  good  old  times.  The  Fians  also  practised  stone 
throwing  very  much.  It  is  said  that  Fionn  McCumhaill  counted  it  nothing  to  throw  a 
huge  block  from  his  palace  on  the  hill  of  Allen  to  the  hill  of  Howth,  a  distance  of  about 
twenty  miles.  The  opening  verse  of  CatjI)  C\)X)0)C  4r)  4J|l,  or  "Battle  of  the  Hill  of 
Slaughter,"  is — 

"  <t>0  b4rr)4|l  Ujle  4TJ  pj4t)  4'f  ¥)0\)X), 
21  5-C07lt}'CJOr)Ol  4fl  41)  5-CT)OC  fO  f  J4fl  | 

2I5  jmjtvc  4|l  cle4|*4)b"  lut, 

fjr)rj  50  fub4C  45  c&)t)oi\)  1)45." 

"  We  were  all,  the  Fians  and  Fionn, 
Assembled  on  this  hill  to  the  west ; 
Engaged  in  athletic  sports, 
And  merrily  casting  stones." 

Saints  also  indulged  a  little  in  this  pastime,  and  performed  feats  which  would  throw 
even  Fionns  into  the  shade.  "Casting"  is,  or  was  until  very  recently,  a  favourite 
amusement  with  young  men  in  the  rural  districts  of  Cork.  The  ancient  Greek  also 
knew  how  to  cast  a  stone,  so  I  suppose  we  shall  not  be  wrong  in  assuming  that  the 
Celt  and  the  Greek  learned  how  to  put  a  stone  from  their  common  ancestor,  on  some 
Aryan  hill  in  the  days  of  long  ago.  Sir  Herbert  Maxwell,  in  Post  Meridiana,  writes, 
"  There  is  another  remarkable  feature  about  the  gatherings  (the  Isthmian  games), 
namely,  the  unchanging  character  of  the  performances  enacted  at  them.  Assuming 
the  era  of  Homer  to  have  been  five  centuries  earlier  than  the  inauguration  of  the 
Isthmian  games — that  is,  about  B.C.  1000 — the  sports  which  he  enumerates  as  taking 
place  at  the  funeral  of  Patroclus  were  identical  not  only  with  those  of  the  Olympian, 
Nemean,  and  Isthmian  celebrations,  but  strangely  similar  to  a  programme  of  the 
present  day.  Chariot  and  foot  races,  boxing,  wrestling,  putting  the  stone,  are  counter- 
parts of  competitive  exercises  of  the  nineteenth  century." 

In  the  Book  of  Glendalough,  quoted  by  O'Donovan  in  his  Suppleme7it  to  O'Reilly 's 
Dictionary,  Cuchullainn  is  represented  as  standing  on  the  top  of  Collchalli,  or  Knock- 
aine  hill,  with  his  tutor,  and  pointing  out  to  him  the  chief  features  of  the  district.  The 
territory  immediately  south  of  the  hill  he  names  Cliu  Mail  Mic  Ugaine.  This  district 
took  its  name  from  Mai,  the  son  of  Ugaine  Mor,  who  was  killed  there.  This  must  be 
a  pretty  old  district,  for  Ugaine  is  said  to  have  been  monarch  of  Erinn  B.C.  600.  In 



the  "  Tale  of  the  Giolla  Deacair,  or  '  Lazy  Fellow,' "  Fionn  McCumhaill  is  resting  on 
this  hill  of  Collchalli  when  the  Giolla  Deacair  appears  with  his  old  horse,  upon  which 
he  induced  twelve  of  the  Fians  to  mount,  and  immediately  carried  them  off  to  Tir-fa- 
tonn,  or  "the  land  beneath  the  wave." 

As  I  mentioned  in  a  previous  note,  the  legends  of  Aine  are  very  much  mixed  up 
with  those  of  Gearoidh  Iarla  at  Lough  Gur.  Like  several  great  heroes  of  antiquity 
Gearoidh  Iarla  had  an  immortal  for  mother.  He  was,  according  to  a  story  I  was 
recently  told,  the  son  of  the  Earl  of  Desmond  and  Aine,  and  terrified  the  Earl's 
English  wife  with  the  wonders  he  performed  in  her  presence.  One  of  these  was  to 
change  himself  into  a  flash  of  fire,  so  that  the  Caislean  dubh,  or  "Black  Castle," 
seemed  to  be  all  in  a  blaze.  Aine  is  known  in  the  district  by  the  name  of  Aine  Cliar. 
Tory  Hill,  or  Cnoc-droma-Asail,  owes  its  origin  to  Aine  Cliar ;  she  intended  presenting 
the  hill  to  Donn  Firinne,  to  place  it  on  the  top  of  Knockfierna,  and  was  carrying  it 
in  her  apron  when  its  strings  broke  on  her  !  Aine  used  to  come  to  Lough  Gur  in 
a  coach  and  four.  This  was  the  Cojfce  bo'DAfl,  or  "deaf  coach,"  which  is  also 
known  throughout  the  south  and  west  of  Ireland  by  the  name  of  "headless  coach," 
from  the  four  horses  having  no  heads,  The  term  "  bodhar  "  is  applied  to  it  from  the 
booming,  deafening  noise  it  makes.  It  is  supposed  to  come  for  people  who  are 
about  to  die,  and  it  is  speedy  death  to  anyone  who  sees  it.  Sometimes  it  is  empty, 
and  sometimes  it  is  occupied  by  a  banshee.  Many  superstitious  fancies  are  fast  dying 
out,  but,  whatever  be  the  reason,  the  peasantry  strongly  cling  to  the  belief  that  the 
coiste  bodhar  still  goes  its  dreary  rounds.  J.  F.  Lynch. 

Order  of  "The  Friendly  Brothers  of  St.  Patrick."— Could  any  reader 
of  the  Journal  give  the  dates  of  institution  and  dissolution  of  the  above  Order  ? 

Old  Cork. 

Original  pocun)ents. 

3nDe£  Gestamentorum  oUm  in  IReatetro  Corcasta:. 









Bateman,  Rowland,  esq. 
Bully,  Laurence,  of  Keamagara 
Boland,  Barbara,  of  Corke,  widow 
Bradock,  William,  of  Corke,  staysmaker 
Bleach,  Robert,  of  Corke,  cloathier    . . 
Bleach,  George,  of  Corke,  cloathier  .  . 
Bourke,  Anna,  otherwise  Dill 
Bleach,  George,  of  Corke,  gent. 
Bourne,  Elizabeth,  of  Bandon,  widow 
Barron,  John,  of  Corke,  clothier 
Besnard,  Nicholas,  of  Corke,  sailmaker 
Bourne,  William,  of  Bandon,  cloathier 
Bowden,  Hester,  of  Kinsale,  widow  .  . 
Bax,  Joseph,  of  Chetwynd,  gent. 
Barry,  James,  otherwise  Treadeen    .  . 
Brooking,  Matthew,  mariner 







JM   IIIIUIIJ,     1  llVMIltl.Tt,    Ul    V_/UI  1\C                            ,  , 


•27  I 
51  1 

1  J       V  V  *  J"  ,     V-J  V>  W  I  £^      ,     W  I     V-/  W  1  IV  #t 

1 7  Cn 


5/ " 

1  ^  1 1  <<t oprl    TVI irii ;i ol    nf  Tf  ilitiorlv 

1   1  >  1 1    1  1  1 1  iTi  1 '  1  1  <  1 1  1  (  \)  1        1 1 1 1  fj^iy                  ,  ,                  ,  , 

1 760 



l\/>fT<iry        M  Mlfll       /  \  |     l^*»iwl/\tl  lAM/loiAP 

J  ^ofo^l   J-Alllll,   t>l   DtUUHMl,   WIUUVV            ,  .                    ,  , 

. .           . •     17  60 



JMlllY,  I  YluAtLIlUIL.1  j  Ul  lllu  OUinCiloGl 

. .    1 7^ 1 

•27  c 


xjyiilCj  v^iidi  itb,  ui  v^ui  ivc,  nijii. 

, .          .  .    1 76 1 

RATlflv    Tolin    of  f^orlrf*  iT^r^tli^ir*ni*\7 

lJ*»,llliy,  J  U 11  J.J,  Ul  V^UJ  JVC,   cilJULUCLclly       ,  ,                    ,  , 

1 761 


Rsilnixyiti   TVT?ir\f  of  c\v\r 

j  76 1 


Blurton,  Ursula,  of  Corke,  widow 

. .    1  yC>  1 


Bennis,  Klizabeth,  of  Corkc,  widow               .  . 

. .         . .    1 762 

•2  So 

X.M0IIUIJ,   OUodllLld,  Ul  lYJLlodlu                       .  .                    .  , 



jjcduiioii,  r  laiiLitjj  ui  rvniiiaiuduy        .  ,              ,  , 



Bennett,  Henry,  of  Knockaneagirrea              .  . 

. .  1763 


IJdilllClUI,    VVUIldlll,  Ul  XOdllLlUll                   ,  ,                   ,  , 



T^nrPiipll    ToVin    of  frlpchppn 

uii  1 ,    1  uiiii.  u  l  uj  laoiiccii                       ,  ,                   »  , 



Trillin  era  1    Tnomac:   of  T^aiictIqc; 

J  ->  1  1 1  l  L  i  £^cl  1 ,      X  llUlllClOj              1/UUclaO                         a    •                            •  a 

T  lf\1 


D1UW11C,   AAulliy,   Ul  V_y  Ll  1 1  cXgll                           ,  ,                     ,  , 



RIoqc;    fri  a  rl        of  FnnicVpan 

UlUoo,  \^UdiiCo,  Ul  1  ii J 1 1  oivca  1  i                    ,  ,                  ,  , 


Buck,  Jonathan,  of  Corke                .  .           t , 

. .     1 764 


Radfnti     ToVin    of  C* nrV p* 

XJdolUU,   J  Ullllj   Ul  V^UllvC                                       .  ,                     ,  , 

T  l(-\A 


l-l^rr^    Tolin    of  frrQ  n  1 1  r  a 

x^diiy,  j  uiiii,  ui  vjridiiuiu                          ,  ,                ,  , 

T  7  A/I 


39 1 

T^/^Q  1 0    Tocp*r»Vi    of  (^orlVp* 

JJCdlC,   J  UoCUll,   Ul  V^Ul  JVC                                    ,  ,                      ,  , 



JDlollUp,    1  llUIlldo,  Ul  IVllloalC                      ,  .                   ,  , 



T-s^rfpr  nrViomac;   of  Inicihnnnnp 

XJCKl  IH.      X  i  IU  IIlClo.    Ui    J.  1 1 1  Oil  VJ  1 1  <X  i  1                           ,    ,                            t  a 

T  ifciC 


Budd,  John,  of  Corke 

..  1705 



I3Cdllllbll,  VJCUlgC,  Ul  JJUUllCcil                  .  ,                    ,  , 



rs£HA"M\7       1    nATTlQC     of  I  Ofl^'^ 

xjcwiy,  x  xiuiiido,  ui  v^uiivc                     ,  ,              ,  , 



DlUWllCj    ICICIXI*,  Ul  IVXLlbdlC                         ,  ,                    t  , 



Beads,  John,  of  Ballinaheeny 



Blewet,  Thomas,  of  Kinsale 



Barrett,  Richard,  of  Douglas 

.    .  1766 


Bready,  Edmund,  of  Corke              ,  ,           . , 

.    .                            .    .  1766 


Burk,  Margery,  of  Corke 

. .  1767 


Burk,  David,  of  Corke 



RriTon    TnAmoc    of  T?or*rifor,rlc!  +  **\txm 

orydii,  x  iiuuiao,  ui  x\.uciiiuru.oiuwii    ,  ,             ,  , 


Banfield,  William,  of  Shinnagh 

.    .  I7W 


"RioWfoTO     Tonri     of  Tv  inco  IP 

JDILKIUIU,  J  Ullllj  Ul  I\lllbdlC                            ,  ,                    ,  , 

t  1  At 


JDlcIlCl  lldooCL,  JACVU.    X  11 U  111  do                    ,  ,                  .  , 


4O  O 

Baldwin,  Walter,  of  Rough  Grove 


JDUlllliyi  JUdlllla,  Ul  V-/U11\C                            ,  .                   ,  , 



Browne,  Martha,  of  Corke 



Birchfield,  Jeremiah,  of 


Ua  &  VVUllj    kJ  Cl±±X  LlV^lj     Ul    UUlIlV^                                         ■    «                               a  * 



Broun,  Revd.  Samuel,  of  Corke 

. .  1768 


Barrett,  John,  of  Ballinphilick 

..  1768 


Beecher,  Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  Beecher 



Bowden,  George,  the  younger,  of  Kinsale 

. .  1769 


Baldwin,  John,  of  Bandon,  glazier 

. .  1769 

(  To  be  continued.) 

Second  Series. — Vol.  II.,  No.  16.] 



Cork  Historical  &  Arch^ological 


Che  Old  Countess. 

By  M.  T.  KELLY. 

N  the  province  of  Munster  there  exist  numerous  remains 
of  strongholds  which  formerly  belonged  to  the  haughty 
barons  and  knights  of  the  Southern  Geraldines,  who  in 
the  Middle  Ages  successfully  asserted  their  supremacy 
over  their  Norman  and  their  Irish  foes  and  neighbours. 
Among  these  castles,  about  four  miles  from  Youghal 
and  situated  on  the  bank  of  the  river  Womenagh,  is 
the  ancient  castle  of  Inchiquin,  which  was  often  given  as  a  dower  house 
to  widows  of  the  Earls  of  Desmond,  having  been  erected  at  an  early  date 
by  one  of  the  Geraldines  who  came  to  Ireland  at  the  invitation  of  the 
traitor  McMorogh  of  Leinster/1)  Placed  on  rising  ground,  the  circular 
and  massive  walls,  thirty  feet  in  height  and  eleven  feet  in  thickness, 
must  have  been  easily  defended  in  lawless  days,  when  Roches,  Barretts, 

(0  Dermot  McMorogh's  history  needs  no  recapitulation,  but  there  is  a  curious 
description  of  his  personal  appearance  yet  extant.  He  was  very  tall,  and  extremely 
stout  in  proportion,  "  a  valiant  warrior,  and  by  reason  of  his  continual  hallowing  and 
crying  his  voice  was  hoarse.  He  rather  chose  to  be  feared  than  loved,  was  a  great 
oppressor  of  his  nobility,  but  a  great  advancer  of  the  weak  and  meaner  sort.  To  his 
own  people  he  would  be  rough  and  grievous,  and  hateful  to  all  strangers.  He  would 
be  against  all  men,  and  all  mankind  against  him." — "  Memoirs  Earls  of  Desmond," 
Windele  MSS.  Royal  Irish  Academy. 

[April,  1896. 


O'Sullivans,  McCarthys,  and  Gcraklines  could  at  any  moment  ride  forth 
to  harry  an  entire  country  side  at  their  own  sweet  will  and  pleasure/2) 

In  the  fourteenth  century  Emmclinc,  widow  of  Sir  Gerald  Fitzmaurice 
of  the  Gcraldines,  held  this  castle  of  Inchiquin  as  her  dower  for  thirty-six 
years.  There  stood  beside  the  fortress  a  wooden  building,  in  which  were 
two  rooms  and  a  kitchen  and  bakehouse,  with  a  thatched  roof,  that  did 
not,  however,  shelter  the  oven.  A  court-yard,  a  stable,  and  two  gardens, 
valued  annually  at  two  and  sixpence,  comprised  the  immediate  demesne, 
while  with  the  village  for  the  serfs  were  also  "  six  plowlands,  meadows 
pastures,  groves,  woods,  mills  with  their  courses,  river  streams,  wcares, 
and  fishing,"(3)  all  of  which  constituted  a  fine  estate  for  a  widow  of  the 
Geraldine  house.  The  Lady  Emmeline  we  have  just  mentioned,  who 
was  heiress  of  Stephen  de  Longspee,  had  also  the  privilege  of  presenta- 
tion to  the  village  church,  and  her  jointure  was  assessed  at  £60  9s.  3d.,  a 
pound  of  wax,  and  a  pound  of  cummin.  She  seems  also  to  have  been  a 
good  woman  of  business,  looking  keenly  after  her  rights,  as  she  sued  the 
vicar  of  Youghal,  who  had  forgotten  to  pay  her  his  rent.  Inchiquin 
Castle  is  in  the  barony  of  Imokilly,  which  from  its  name,  signifying 
"  woody  land,"  was  once  covered  with  a  forest  as  far  as  the  sea,  until  the 
trees  being  cut  down  and  the  soil  brought  under  cultivation,  the  barony 
grew  fertile  enough  to  be  called  the  granary  of  Cork/*) 

After  Lady  Emmeline's  death  the  manor  of  Inchiquin  passed  out  of 
the  possession  of  the  Geraldines  until  1370,  at  which  period  it  became  the 
property  of  the  Earl  of  Ormonde,  to  whom  Henry  V.  granted  part  of  the 
revenues  of  the  barony  of  Imokilly.  It  is  supposed  when  the  seventh 
Earl  of  Desmond,  known  as  "  James  the  Usurper,"  was  appointed 
seneschal  of  Imokilly,  Inchiquin,  and  Youghal,  by  his  kinsman  Ormonde, 
then  Viceroy  of  Ireland,  that  the  castle  once  more  reverted  to  the 
immense  estate  belonging  to  the  line  of  Desmond,  and  it  is  probable  that 
it  was  again  set  aside  as  the  dower  of  the  widowed  countesses. 

Silent  as  to  the  lives  of  many  of  these  ladies,  history,  however,  singles 
out  one,  who,  on  account  of  a  life  extending  beyond  a  century,  is  known 
emphatically  as  the  Old  Countess  of  Desmond.  She  was  the  eldest 
daughter  of  Sir  John  Fitzgerald  Lord  Decies,  whose  father,  as  the  second 
son  of  the  usurping  Earl  of  Desmond,  had  been  given  the  lordship  of 
Decies  in  Waterford  as  his  patrimony.  To  his  castle  of  Dromana, 
situated  on  a  high  cliff  over  the  Blackwater,  John  Lord  Decies  brought 

(2)  Mr.  Windele  thought  the  castle  was  built  in  a  circular  shape  in  order  to  afford 
greater  resistance  to  the  weather.  The  side  next  the  river  has  disappeared  as  well  as 
the  floors  and  roof,  and  there  are  no  remains  left  of  outworks. 

(3)  Deed  of  assignment  by  Old  Countess.    See  Inquiry,  R.  Sainthill. 

(4)  Ancient  and  Present  State  of  Youghal;  T.  Lord. 



his  wife,  Ellen,  a  daughter  of  the  White  Knight,  who  was  chief  of  the 
Fitzgibbon  Geraldines.  Sir  Bernard  Burke,  who  accepts  the  various 
legends  that  at  one  time  passed  as  the  real  history  of  the  Old  Countess, 
says  she  was  born  in  1464,  though  it  seems  much  more  probable  that  her 
birth  occurred  at  a  much  later  date — let  us  say  about  1494,  which  would 
bring  her  age  at  the  time  of  her  death  within  the  far  more  credible 
limit  of  a  hundred  and  ten  years  instead  of  the  mythical  hundred 
and  forty  so  often  ascribed  to  her.  No  particulars  are  extant  respect- 
ing the  childhood  of  Katherine  Fitzgerald  of  Decies,  although  some 
chroniclers  maintain  that  she  was  a  maid  of  honour  at  the  court  of 
Edward  IV.,  was  married  there  at  the  end  of  his  reign,  and  danced  with 
Richard  III.,  then  Duke  of  Gloucester.  But  the  fact  of  her  brother 
Gerald  Lord  Decies  only  speaking  Gaelic,  like  most  of  the  Anglo- 
Irish  barons  at  that  period,  may  fairly  lead  us  to  infer  that  his  sister 
never  quitted  the  precincts  of  Dromana  until  her  marriage,  which  may 
have  taken  place  about  15 14,  if  not  sooner,  to  her  very  elderly  relative, 
Sir  Thomas  Fitzgerald  of  Desmond,  who  must  have  been  nearly  if  not 
sixty  years  of  age,  allowing  that  he  was  ten  years  old  when  his  father, 
the  eighth  earl,  was  beheaded  at  Drogheda  in  1464. 

During  the  War  of  the  Roses  the  Geraldines  were  by  no  means  idle, 
and  they  flocked  to  England  in  order  to  have  their  share  of  battles,  forays, 
marches,  and  excursions,  all  dear  to  their  adventurous  spirit,  leaving  their 
territories  to  the  tender  mercies  of  Irish  septs,  who  did  not  hesitate  to 
profit  by  the  opportunity  temptingly  held  forth  to  them.  The  Earl  of 
Desmond,  who,  during  the  viceroyalty  of  the  Duke  of  York,  had  been 
godfather  to  one  of  the  Lord  Deputy's  sons  born  at  Dublin  Castle,  was 
an  ardent  partisan  of  the  White  Rose,  and  he  did  much  service  in  placing 
Edward  IV.  upon  the  throne  of  Henry  VI.  From  the  time  of  the  earl's 
unjust  execution  at  Drogheda  (to  gratify  the  malice  of  Elizabeth 
Woodville,  who  never  forgave  his  disapproval  of  her  marriage  to 
Edward  IV.),  his  sons,  notwithstanding  the  king's  attempts  at  repara- 
tion, remained  more  or  less  in  a  condition  of  quiescent  insubordination 
when  not  in  open  rebellion/5)  The  earl's  third  son,  Thomas,  appears  to 
have  been  especially  unruly,  and  from  an  early  age  he  was  familiar  with 
the  use  of  arms,  joining  his  elder  brothers  as  soon  as  he  was  able  to  couch 
lance  and  wield  sword  in  their  "  wild  justice  of  revenge."  Thomas  Fitz- 
gerald was  not  less  lawless  in  his  private  life,  to  judge  by  his  conduct  to 
his  wife  Gylis,  or  Ellen,  Ny  (daughter)  Cormyk,  whose  father,  Cormyk 
Oge  Carthy,  was  lord  of  Muskerry. 

(5)  The  "  Unpublished  Geraldine  Documents"  say  that  at  the  eighth  earl's  execu- 
tion he  left  "five  brave  sons,  who  took  it  very  tragically  and  impatiently,  and  with 
banners  displayed  sought  revenge." — Earls  of  Desmond^  part  i. ;  Russell's  relation. 



Although  the  Geraldine  had  one  son  by  his  Irish  wife,  yet  he  con- 
trived on  some  pretext  to  have  their  marriage  annulled,  and  there  is  an 
old  lease  by  which,  in  1505,  the  Earl  of  Kildare  granted  a  house  to  this 
unfortunate  lady/6? 

The  Geraldines  of  Desmond  having  connections  in  England,  Thomas 
Fitzgerald,  who  could  speak  English  as  well  as  Irish,  may  sometimes 
have  gone  over  to  that  country,  though  there  is  no  mention  of  it  in  the 
Chronicles.  He  was  described  as  being  a  very  brave  and  fortunate 
leader,  and  he  took  part  in  nine  pitched  battles.  Although  divorced 
from  his  first  wife,  he  aided  her  relations  against  his  nephew,  the  Earl  of 
Desmond,  whom  he  hated,  and  by  a  charge  of  his  cavalry  he  routed  his 
youthful  chief,  who  fled  leaving  a  thousand  men  on  the  battlefield 
between  Cork  and  Mallow  ;  but  at  a  later  date  Sir  Thomas  Fitzgerald 
turned  against  his  allies,  and  to  his  great  satisfaction  killed  his  erewhile 
father-in-law  and  brother-in-law,  both  Lords  of  Muskerry. 

This  savage  and  quarrelsome  Geraldine  usually  went  by  the  name 
of  Maol  Calvus,  or  the  "bald  knight."  As  his  marriage  to  his  cousin, 
Katherine  Fitzgerald  of  Dromana,  was  never  called  in  question,  it  may 
be  assumed  that  care  was  taken  on  this  occasion  to  procure  a  proper 
dispensation.  He  may  have  taught  her  to  speak  English,  and  the 
extraordinary  tales  concerning  the  good  looks  of  Richard  III.,  and  the 
absence  of  the  traditional  hump,  may  have  been  related  to  her  either  by 
her  husband  or  by  one  of  the  ladies  of  his  family. 

Sir  Thomas  Fitzgerald  had  only  one  daughter  by  his  second  wife, 
and  it  was  not  until  the  death  of  his  nephew,  the  eleventh  earl,  without 
heirs,  in  1529,  that  the  old  "bald  knight"  became  the  chief  of  his  house 

(6) The  "Black  Death"  that  in  the  Middle  Ages  swept  thousands  from  this  world  did 
spare  the  clergy,  so  that  their  successors  had  not  their  example  nor  their  teaching  to 
carry  out  the  discipline  of  the  Church.  This,  combined  with  the  disorganised  state  of 
society  from  feuds  and  civil  wars,  caused  many  abuses  to  creep  in,  among  which  was 
the  facility  with  which  the  rude  chiefs  and  nobles  could  find  pretexts  for  the  repudia- 
tion of  their  wives,  generally  on  the  ground  of  forbidden  degrees  of  kindred,  which  in 
those  days  went  as  far  as  the  seventh  degree.  The  number  of  people  whose  birth  was 
stigmatized  became  very  great,  and  the  disruption  of  sacred  family  ties  was  productive 
of  much  confusion  and  discord,  especially  in  noble  families  like  that  of  the  Geraldines, 
where  such  reprehensible  practices  caused  serious  disturbances  and  feuds,  to  say 
nothing  of  the  angry  ladies  deprived  of  their  rights,  having  "recourse  to  witches  to 
afflict  former  husbands  with  personal  calamity."  There  was  an  attempt  made  by 
Cardinal  Wolsey  to  remedy  this  state  of  affairs  by  the  introduction  of  bulls  of  dispensa- 
tion that  should  regulate  these  irregular  marriages,  but  he  was  told  that  "  they  went 
off  but  slowly.  The  Englishry  were  either  too  poor  to  buy  them  or  got  them  by  Rome 
runners  (pilgrims  qy.\  while  the  Irishry  did  not  seek  for  them,  and  were  apt  to  rob  and 
murder  messengers  sent  into  their  countries."  So  wild  were  the  times  that  it  was  not 
uncommon  to  have  forgeries  of  Papal  dispensations,  which  could,  of  course,  be  set 
aside  as  invalid  on  the  first  opportunity,  and  it  is  said  that  a  rude  die  was  found  in 
some  ruined  abbey  near  Waterford,  and  another  was  fished  out  of  the  Thames  by  a 
dredger,  which  seems  to  have  been  used  to  impress  the  Papal  seal  on  these  spurious 
documents.    See  Quarterly  Review \  1853. 



at  the  age  of  seventy-six.  He  resided  principally  with  his  countess  at 
Inchiquin  Castle,  near  Youghal,  where  it  is  said  that  Earl  Thomas  Maol 
was  so  distrustful  of  strangers  approaching  his  residence  being  either 
spies  or  wizards,  that  he  generally  provided  unlucky  wayfarers  with  a 
halter  outside  the  castle  wall  instead  of  a  meal  and  bed,  which  was 
economical  in  those  days  of  lavish  hospitality,  and  which  also  served  as 
a  warning  "  for  the  likes  on  them  to  keep  at  a  safer  distance  if  they 
valued  their  necks." 

The  earl,  his  wife  and  their  household  lived  precisely  in  the  same 
uncivilized  fashion  observed  by  the  Irish  chiefs,  and  they  also  thought 
nothing  of  visiting  with  a  large  retinue  the  monasteries  or  the  houses  of 
their  vassals,  while  their  servants  and  horses  would  be  at  free  quarters 
upon  the  neighbouring  farmers  ;  and,  as  was  remarked  in  an  old  report, 
they  would  live  "in  this  manner  in  other  men's  houses  more  than  half  the 
year  by  this  wild  Irish  custom  of  extortion,  and  spare  their  own  houses." 
But  this  "wild  Irish  Gustom  "  had  originally,  as  "coign  and  livery,"  been 
invented  by  Thomas  Maol's  ancestor,  the  first  Earl  of  Desmond. 

Earl  Thomas's  son  by  his  first  wife  having  died  of  the  plague  at 
Jerpoint  Abbey,  he  sent  his  grandson  (now  his  heir)  to  the  English 
court,  partly  as  a  hostage  for  his  loyalty,  and  partly  for  the  sake  of  his 
education  in  the  royal  household,  whence  the  youth  was  scornfully 
named  "  the  Court  Page  "  by  disloyal  Geraldines.  In  reply  to  the  earl's 
profuse  asseverations  of  submission,  Henry  VIII.  confirmed  him  in  his 
title,  and  his  oath  of  allegiance  was  taken  at  Waterford  before  Sir  William 
Skeffington,  the  Commissioner  of  the  Privy  Council.  A  certain  amount 
of  goodwill  always  existed  between  the  Kildare  and  Desmond  branches 
of  Geraldine,(7)  and  in  the  rebellion  of"  Silken  Thomas,"  (8>  Desmond  took 
no  decided  part  against  his  youthful  kinsman,  although  the  brothers  of 
Archbishop  Allen,  murdered  by  "  Silken  Thomas,"  wrote  to  one  of  their 
brethren,  Warden  Allen  of  Youghal,  that  the  Earl  of  Kildare's  son 
"  makes  all  that  ever  he  can  to  obtain  my  Lord  of  Desmond's  goodwill 
and  as  yet  we  do  our  best  to  keep  him  from  his  purpose,  and  shall  do 
with  God's  grace."  When  Lord  Ophally  ("  Silken  Thomas  ")  heard  in  a 
curiously  roundabout  way  ^  the  report  of  his  father's  execution  at  the 

(7)  "The  Earls  of  Desmond  and  other  lords  will  not  attend  Parliament  nor  the 
Council,  nor  aid  the  Deputy,  unless  the  Earl  of  Kildare  hold  that  office." — "  Report  on 
State  of  Ireland  to  Henry  VIII.,"  History  of  Earls  of  Kildare. 

(8)  Lord  Ophally,  son  of  the  Earl  of  Kildare,  obtained  this  sobriquet  from  the  silk 
banners  borne  by  his  standard-bearers. 

(9)  The  news  was  found  out  accidentally  by  a  Geraldine,  who,  having  lodged  at  a 
priest's  house,  picked  up  in  the  morning  a  piece  of  paper  to  draw  on  his  tight  stockings. 
At  night,  noticing  the  bit  of  paper  still  inside  his  stocking,  he  examined  it,  and  finding 
it  contained  such  bad  news  concerning  his  chiefs  he  instantly  rode  off  with  it  to  give 
warning  to  a  friend  of  "  Silken  Thomas." 


Tower  of  London,  and  of  his  own  impending  arrest,  his  resolution  to 
.rebel  against  the  English  Government  was  strongly  opposed  by  his 
father's  oldest  and  warmest  friend,  the  <l  bald  carl"  of  Desmond;  who, 
however,  must  have  connived  at  much  of  the  prevailing  disturbances  in 
1534,  when  Henry  VIII.  commanded  the  Earl  of  Ossory  to  subdue  the 
Karl  of  Desmond,  who  "has  broken  all  his  oaths  of  allegiance  and 
obedience,  and  has  not  reduced  his  subjects  to  good  order."('°>  But  the 
days  of  his  long  and  turbulent  career  were  nearly  spent,  and  in  this  year, 
aged  eighty Thomas  Maol  Calvus  died,  and  was  buried  in  the  Fran- 
ciscan church  at  Youghal,  with  most  of  his  ancestors.  To  the  end  of  his 
life  the  earl  was  a  fierce  and  grasping  man,  by  the  following  account 
given  in  the  State  Papers — "  The  Earl  of  Desmond  and  his  kinsmen 
and  servants  within  four  shires  of  Limerick,  Cork,  Kerry  and  Waterford 
have  all  the  king's  manors  and  castles.  Your  Grace  has  not  one  groat 
of  yearly  profit  or  revenue.  The  Earl  of  Desmond  has  subdued  all  your 
Lords  of  Parliament,  and  none  of  your  laws  are  observed." 

The  Lady  Katherine,  his  wridow,  now  entered  upon  her  jointure  of 
Inchiquin  Castle/I2)  which  was  destined  to  be  her  property  for  the  extra- 
ordinary term  of  seventy  years.  Here  also  she  resided,  no  longer  we  hope 
permitting  wayfarers  "  to  dangle  in  halter"  from  her  walls,  but  performing 
whatever  charitable  deeds  that  came  in  her  way,  spending  much  of  her 
time  at  her  spinning-wheel,  and  superintending  her  maids  at  their  house- 
hold work,  as  was  customary  among  noble  ladies.  In  1 542  she  must  have 
been  alarmed  by  the  news  of  the  murder  in  ambush  of  the  "  Court  Page" 
Earl  of  Desmond,  her  husband's  grandson,  whose  right  to  the  title,  on  the 
usual  ground  of  the  illegality  of  his  father's  marriage  to  a  cousin,  had 
been  disputed  by  the  sons  of  his  granduncle,  John,  the  last  surviving 
brother-in-law  of  the  Old  Countess.  The  cruel  murder  of  the  young 
earl  was  the  deed  of  Sir  Maurice  Duff,  or  the  "  Black  Geraldine  "  (so 
called  from  his  swarthy  complexion),  whose  ambitious  and  savage 
temper  was  so  detested  by  his  own  family  that  when  his  eldest  brother 
acquired  the  sequestrated  earldom  from  Henry  VIII.,  he  prudently 
settled  the  barony  of  Kerrycurrihy  upon  Maurice  Duff,  "  so  that  he 
might  not  want  bread ;"  and  he  also  refused  steadily  all  intercourse,  which 
appears  to  have  wounded  the  little  brotherly  feeling  existing  in  the 
breast  of  Maurice,  who  considered  that  a  very  poor  return  had  been 
made  to  him  for  his  effort  to  aggrandize  his  branch  of  the  family. 
Being  "  a  man  without  faith  or  truth,  cruel,  severe,  and  merciless," 

(10)  State  Papers  for  Ireland. 

(n)  History  of  the  Geraldines ;  Father  Dominic  O'Daly,  o.p. 

(12)  A  photographic  illustration  of  remains  of  this  castle  given  on  page  155,  vol.  i., 
1  st  series  of  Journal. 


Sir  Maurice  Duff  was  rather  gratified  that  his  estate  should  be  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  his  greatest  enemies,  the  McCarthys,  where  his 
brother  deemed  that  "  he  might  have  enough  to  do  with  and  between 
them,  that  he  might  not  have  or  enjoy  leisure  to  practise  any  mischief 
against  him  "  (the  earl).  For  thirty  years  Sir  Maurice  "  held  play  against 
all  those  that  did  oppose  him,"  of  whom  there  were  many,  until  in  his 
eightieth  year  he  was  slain  in  Muskerry  by  the  horsemen  of  his  son-in- 
law,  Sir  Dermod  McCarthy/13)  The  Old  Countess  of  Desmond  was  left 
unmolested  by  the  members  of  the  new  line  until  15 15,  when  she 
emerged  from  the  obscurity  of  her  life,  and  made  a  deed  of  assignment 
by  which  she  declared  that  "  for  good  considerations  me  moving  I  have 
given,  granted,  and  surrendered  the  said  castle  and  town  of  Inchiquine 
to  the  Right  Honorable  Gerrot  Earl  of  Desmond,  now  enjoying  reversion 
of  the  premises."  Mr.  Sainthill  wrote,  that  this  being  in  reality  an 
attempt  to  save  the  estate  for  the  earl  should  he  come  to  grief  with  the 
government,  he  in  turn  assigned  it  pro  forma  to  some  adherent  of  his 
party,  a  Mr.  John  Synotte,  though  the  Old  Countess  continued  to  live  at 
Inchiquin  as  usual.  The  earl  being  a  rebel  at  that  period,  when  the 
act  of  his  attainder  was  passed,  this  arrangement  was  ignored  by  the 
English  government,  who  granted  the  manor  of  Inchiquin  to  Sir  Walter 
Raleigh,  subject  to  the  life-charge  of  the  Countess  Katherine,  she  having 
been  in  enjoyment  of  her  jointure  long  before  Garrett  came  to  the 
earldom  of  Desmond. 

Sir  Walter  Raleigh,  who  was  acquainted  with  the  Old  Countess, 
never  interfered  with  her  rights  of  ownership,  and  as  she  must  have  been 
over  ninety  years  in  1 589,  her  great  age  naturally  attracted  his  attention. 
Regarding  Sir  Walter's  celebrated  statement  that  the  Old  Countess  was 
married  in  the  reign  of  Edward  IV.,  might  there  not  easily  have  been  a 
clerical  error  in  this  assertion  ?  There  was  an  Edward  VI.  as  well  as  an 
Edward  IV,  and  the  Old  Countess  did  certainly  hold  her  jointure  not 
only  from  the  Earl  of  Desmond  in  Edward  VI. 's  reign,  but  also  from 
those  living  during  the  lifetime  of  his  father,  Henry  VIII.,  from  1534. 
Should  this  be  really  the  meaning  of  the  passage  in  Raleigh's  History  of 
the  World,  it  would  tend  much  to  clear  up  the  disputed  question  con- 
cerning the  age  of  the  Old  Countess.  Moreover,  when  the  advanced 
age  of  ninety  is  reached,  people's  brains  are  not  quite  as  acute  as  they 
were  formerly,  and  the  old  lady,  living  in  a  remote  part  of  Ireland  (where 

to)  The  son  of  this  Maurice  was  the  celebrated  James  Fitzmaurice,  who  assistes 
the  sixteenth  Earl  Garrett  in  all  his  rebellions  against  Queen  Elizabeth ;  and  his 
father's  conduct  in  murdering  the  "  court  page "  earl  was  "  the  first  steppe  to  the 
overthrow  of  this  honourable  house  of  Desmond — God  in  revenge  thereof  of  his  justice 
not  leaving  one  of  the  race  of  Sir  John  or  of  Sir  Maurice  alive  upon  the  face  of  the 
earth." — "  Earls  of  Desmond,"  part  i.,  Unpttblished  Geraldine  Documents. 


there  is  nothing  to  prove  that  she  ever  left  it),  may  have  in  her  conver- 
sations with  Sir  Walter  Raleigh  confused  Edward  VI.  with  Edward  IV., 
of  whom  she  must  have  heard  a  good  deal  from  her  husband's  family, 
who  belonged  to  the  Yorkist  faction. 

The  Earl  of  Leicester's  account  of  the  Old  Countess  appearing  at 
Queen  Elizabeth's  court  to  beg  for  means  of  subsistence  may  be 
considered  as  a  pure  fiction  in  face  of  two  leases  drawn  up  by  Sir  Walter 
Raleigh,  where  he  recognizes  her  prior  claim  by  saying  that  "  the  rent 
was  to  be  doubled,  and  a  light  horseman  and  equipments  provided  for 
Sir  Walter's  use,  after  the  death  of  ye  Ladie  Cattelyn  Ould  Countess 
Dowager  of  Desmond,  widdowe,"  which  proves  that  she  could  not  have 
been  reduced  to  penury  by  the  attainder  of  Earl  Garrett.  It  would  be  a 
romance  nearer  to  truth  to  picture  the  learned  Sir  Walter  Raleigh,  in 
the  intervals  of  planting  cherry  trees,  tobacco  and  potatoes  in  his  garden, 
or  attending  to  the  municipal  affairs  of  Youghal  as  its  mayor,  occasion- 
ally riding  over  to  Inchiquin  Castle,  or  perchance  meeting  the  active  old 
Countess  on  her  weekly  walks  to  Youghal,  and  conversing  with  her  on 
tales  of  the  past.  We  can  imagine  the  gallant  fair-haired  knight  of 
Elizabeth's  court,  with  keen  and  sagacious  mien,  exercising  all  his 
powers  of  entertainment  in  order  to  acquire  more  information  from  the 
aged  lady,  whose  long  span  of  life  he  expressly  notices,  although  he 
nowhere  mentions  the  precise  number  of  her  years.  No  doubt  he  told 
her  stones  of  his  voyages  to  America,  and  may  have  presented  her  with 
potatoes  and  cherries,  then  a  complete  novelty  in  Ireland  ;  even,  perhaps, 
going  so  far  as  to  show  her  how  soothing  and  pleasant  a  pastime  was 
the  smoking  of  tobacco.  Garrulous,  as  the  old  usually  are,  the  dowager 
on  her  side  may  have  rather  enjoyed  Sir  Walter's  visits,  and  may  have 
disclosed  for  his  benefit  many  an  old  Geraldine  legend  and  tale,  and 
much  antiquated  gossip  concerning  the  whole  country  side  between 
Inchiquin  and  her  birthplace,  Dromana. 

Her  very  numerous  portraits  in  Ireland  and  England  may  also  be 
dismissed  as  apocryphal,  for  in  the  great  rebellion  and  subsequent  ruin 
of  the  Geraldines  it  was  most  unlikely  that  Dutch  painters  would  seek 
employment  in  a  country  where  the  sword  was  in  greater  request  than  a 
paint  brush,  and  where  no  one  could  hardly  be  certain  of  his  life  for 
twenty-four  hours.  The  absurd  story  repeated  as  hearsay  by  wise 
Lord  Keeper  Bacon  respecting  the  Old  Countess  cutting  new  teeth  in 
extreme  age  is  also  to  be  disposed  of,  by  the  fact  that  the  gums  of  old 
people  sometimes  shrivel  and  shrink  away,  thus  disclosing  the  stumps  of 
teeth  that  have  disappeared  through  decay .(l4) 

(14)  Notes  and  Queries,  vol.  iv. 



Finally,  in  1604,  when  James,  son  of  ill-fated  Mary  Stuart,  wore  the 
united  diadem  of  Great  Britain,  the  Old  Countess  of  Desmond  died, 
probably  at  the  age  of  one  hundred  and  ten  years,  and  was  interred 
with  her  husband  at  Youghal  after  seventy  years  of  widowhood,  which 
was  really  the  remarkable  fact  of  her  life.  As  to  her  great  age  there 
need  not  be  so  much  surprise,  as  to  this  day  we  hear  of  persons  who 
have  passed  their  hundredth  year,  and  even  more,  chiefly  among  poor 
people,  whose  hardy  existence  has  prolonged  vitality.  The  ridiculous 
legends  of  the  Old  Countess's  death  being  hastened  by  feats  of  activity, 
perfectly  impossible  to  a  centenarian,  need  no  further  notice. 

The  wife  of  an  Anglo-Irish  lord,  who  was  owner  of  a  hundred  and 
fifty  miles  of  territory,  extending  from  Waterford  to  the  sea  shore  of  the 
County  Palatine  of  Kerry,  and  who  was  able  to  bring  an  army  of  his 
dependents  into  the  field,  flouting  the  English  government  at  will  and 
pleasure,  Katherine  Countess  of  Desmond  lived  to  witness  the  disappear- 
ance of  all  this  wealth  and  power.  The  day  of  reckoning  for  many  a  cruel 
and  unjust  deed,  for  unbridled  arrogance,  and  reckless  disregard  of  divine 
and  human  law,  came  at  last  in  the  downfall  of  a  haughty  race,  whose 
cradle  was  rocked  within  the  walls  of  Republican  Florence,  whose 
history  came  to  be  part  of  the  chronicles  of  a  northern  island,  over 
which  in  "  the  light  of  other  days  "  it  cast  its  wild  glamour  of  warfare, 
feud,  or  romantic  legend,  all  telling  of  the  prowess,  the  hatreds,  or  the 
loves  of  the  Southern  Geraldines. 

5outerrain  at  peelish,  County  Corl^. 

By  H.  F.  WEBB  GILLMAN,  I.C.S.,  Member. 

N  the  southern  part  of  the  townland  of  Deelish,  parish 
of  Ahabullogue,  and  immediately  to  the  north  of 
Leades  House,  the  seat  of  Captain  F.  W.  Woodley 
(whose  youngest  son  was  a  most  efficient  guide),  there 
exists  a  souterram  in  the  corner  of  a  field,  containing 
an  entrance  passage  and  two  chambers,  as  will  be 
described  presently.  It  is  worthy  of  note  in  that  it 
does  not  appear  to  be  connected  with  a  rath,  there  being  no  trace  of 
circumvallation  about  or  close  to  it.  In  construction  also  this  souterrain 
is  different  from  the  underground  passages  usually  found  in  raths  in  the 
south-west  of  Ireland.    Smith (l)  describes  the  latter  passages  as  "  vaults 

(')  Hist.  Cork,  book  iv.,  chap.  10. 


or  cavities,  which  generally  run  spirally  for  two  or  three  turns,  and 
terminate  in  a  small  square  room  in  the  centre."  Those  that  I  know  of, 
however,  consist  usually  of  a  straight,  or  in  rare  instances  zigzag,  passage 
large  enough  to  admit  a  man  in  a  stooping  posture,  which  ends  some- 
times in  a  cul-de-saC)  sometimes  in  a  transverse  terminal  chamber. 

View  of  Opening  into  the  Entrance  Passage 
of  the  deelish  souterrain. 

The  souterrain  in  question,  differing  from  these,  is  of  the  shape  and 
dimensions  shown  in  the  accompanying  plan.  The  entrance  passage 
faces  south  by  a  point  west,  and  admission  to  it  is  gained  by  an  opening 
of  which  a  view  is  given  above.  This  opening  is  two  feet  in  height,  and 
is  surmounted  by  a  rough  stone  lintel,  two  feet  four  inches  long.  The 
entrance  passage  itself  is  seven  feet  in  length,  and  is  nearly  rectangular 
in  shape,  being  two  feet  nine  inches  broad  on  the  average.    The  floor 



slopes  down  by  three  steps  to  another  opening  admitting  to  the  first 
chamber,  and  is  continued  level  beyond  the  last  step.  The  sides  of  the 
passage  are  lined  with  uncemented  stones,  and  the  roof  is  composed  of 
four  rough  stone  slabs  laid  horizontally,  the  outer  one  of  which  is  the 
lintel  mentioned  above.    The  roof  is  covered  with  a  thin  sod  of  green 

Ground  Plan  of  Souterrain  in  Townland  of  Deelish,  Parish  Aghabullogue, 

County  Cork. 

turf,  and  is  about  half-a-foot  above  the  level  of  the  field  around.  The 
under  surface  of  the  roofing  stones  is  four  feet  nine  inches  above  the 
bottom  of  the  floor  and  of  the  opening  leading  to  the  first  chamber. 
This  latter  opening  is  situated  in  the  middle  of  the  east  side  of  the  pas- 
sage, and  at  the  bottom  of  the  last  step.  It  is  rectangular  in  shape,  and 
barely  sufficient  to  admit  an  adult  lying  flat  to  creep  in,  its  height  being 
one  foot  three  inches,  and  breadth  one  foot  six  inches.    It  is  roofed  over 


by  a  flat  stone,  supported  at  the  sides  by  two  others,  one  foot  nine  inches 
long,  placed  on  edge. 

The  first  chamber  into  which  this  opening  leads  slopes  slightly 
downwards,  and  runs  almost  due  east  and  west.  It  is  shaped  like  a 
half-egg,  cut  along  its  long  axis.  Its  length  is  nine  feet,  the  greatest 
breadth  is  six  feet,  and  its  height  in  the  centre  three  feet  six  inches. 
The  top  of  the  roof  is  two  feet  below  the  level  of  the  ground  of  the  field 
above.  This  chamber,  like  the  similar  one  beyond  it,  has  the  appearance 
of  having  been  excavated  out  of  the  hard  clay.  There  is  no  stonework 
in  the  flooring  or  roof,  but,  judging  from  the  quantity  of  stones  lying 
strewn  about,  it  is  quite  possible  that  there  was  a  stone  lining  of  some 
sort  when  the  chambers  were  in  use. 

The  second  chamber  is  to  the  south  of  the  first,  and  about  a  foot 
lower  in  level.  The  communication  between  them  is  a  passage  or 
opening,  similar  to  that  described  above,  one  foot  six  inches  in  length 
by  two  feet  broad,  and  one  foot,  nine  inches  high.  This  passage  is  not 
now  faced  with  stone,  but  it  probably  was  so  at  no  very  ancient  date, 
as  large  stones  just  suited  for  the  purpose  were  found  lying  in 
the  second  chamber.  This  second  chamber  is  slightly  longer  than  the 
first,  its  length  being  ten  feet  six  inches,  and  breadth  six  feet.  It  is 
three  feet  six  inches  high  in  the  highest  part,  and  is,  like  the  first, 
semi-ovoid  in  shape. 

In  regard  to  "  caves,"  as  they  are  locally  termed,  of  this  kind,  there 
generally  exists  a  belief  in  a  passage  leading  from  them  somewhere  else. 
In  the  present  case  there  is  a  tradition  in  the  neighbourhood  of  an 
underground  passage  leading  northward  from  the  first  chamber  to  a 
rath  situated  about  a  quarter  of  a  mile  off  in  the  townland  of  Laharan  ; 
but  after  careful  search  on  two  separate  visits,  the  first  being  made  in 
company  with  Mr.  Joseph  H.  Bennett,  we  were  satisfied  that  no  such 
passage  exists,  and  that  the  chambers  already  described  comprise  the 
whole  of  the  souterrain. 

For  an  account  of  a  similar  work  I  would  refer  to  Smith's  descrip- 
tion^ of  "  some  caverns"  discovered  near  Rosscarbery  cathedral.  He 
says — "  By  descending,  several  oval  chambers  were  discovered,  being 
mostly  twelve  feet  long  and  six  broad,  having  long,  narrow  passages 
leading  from  one  to  the  other.  These  passages  were  but  eighteen  inches 
broad  and  three  feet  high,  so  that  it  was  necessary  to  creep  from  cell  to 
cell.  .  .  .  The  roof  of  each  cell  consisted  of  a  Gothic  arch  formed  of 
a  stiff  clay,  from  the  centre  of  which  to  the  ground  it  was  no  more  than 
five  feet  two  inches  high  ;  the  walls  were  made  of  stone,  smoothly 

(2)  Book  iv,,  chap.  10,  quoted  supra. 


plaistered,  and  the  whole  lined  with  soot,  so  that  fires  had  been  made  in 
them."  Smith  appears  to  have  accepted  the  tradition  that  these  caves 
were  the  abodes  of  the  Firbolgs,  or  cave-dwellers.  Opinions  on  this 
point  seem,  however,  to  be  divided,  some  maintaining  that  they  were 
used  as  hiding-places  in  times-  of  danger,  and  others  that  they  were 
storehouses  or  granaries. 

Tacitus  in  his  Germania^  describes  similar  structures  thus  : — "  They 
also  dig  subterranean  caves,  and  cover  them  over  with  a  great  quantity 
of  dung.  These  they  use  as  winter  retreats  and  granaries,  for  the  severity 
of  the  cold  is  mitigated  in  them  ;  and  upon  an  invasion,  when  the  open 
country  is  plundered,  these  recesses  remain  undiscovered,  either  because 
the  enemy  is  ignorant  of  them,  or  because  he  will  not  trouble  himself 
with  the  search."*^  I  quote  from  the  translation  of  John  Aikin  (1823), 
who  refers  in  a  note  to  similar  caverns  used  by  the  Sarmations  as  winter 
refuges.  In  Hungary,  at  the  present  day,  it  is  common  to  store  corn  in 
subterranean  passages. 

May  not  the  souterrain  at  Deelish  have  been  put  to  the  uses 
mentioned  by  Tacitus? 

(3)  Germania,  chap.  16. 

(4)  Tacitus'  text  here  is  :  — "  Abdita  autem  etdefossa  met  ignorantur>  aid  eo  ipso  fallunt, 
quod  queerenda  sunt"  i.e.  being  hidden  and  dug  downwards  they  are  either  undis- 
covered, or  escape  notice  by  the  very  fact  that  they  have  to  be  sought  for. 

Z\\z  polk~<£ore  oj  the  jMortihs. 



R.IL,  in  Irish  2Ib]utorj.  The  first  of  this  month  is 
universally  known  as  "  All  Fools'  Day,"  but  why  the 
name  or  whence  the  custom  of  "  fooling "  people 
originated  I  have  not  been  able  to  ascertain.  Up  to 
recent  times  the  custom  prevailed  of  "  raising  a  laugh  " 
at  some  simple-minded  person's  expense  by  giving 
him  a  letter,  which  he  was  told  was  of  an  urgent 
nature,  addressed  to  some  personal  friend  of  the  sender's.  When 
delivered,  the  enclosed  note  merely  bore  the  legend,  "  Send  the  fool 
farther,"  which  advice  was  religiously  adhered  to,  for  the  addressee  merely 
put  this  missive  into  another  envelope,  and  having  addressed  it  to 
another  friend  some  few  miles  further  on,  and  having  told  the  guileless 



messenger  thai  it  was  a  most  important  matter  which  was  confided  to 
his  care,  set  him  again  on  his  fool's  errand.  This  practice  has  been  hit 
off,  in  his  own  inimitable  style,  by  Gerald  Griffin  in  one  of  his  minor  talcs 

It  is  in  April  the  cuckoo,  swallow  and  corncrake  arrive,  and  it  is  the 
custom  when  one  first  hears  the  cuckoo  or  corncrake,  or  sees  a  swallow, 
to  say — "  5o  ii)4)|i)ti)j'D  beo  4|i  41)  4Jijf4  4njp.  21njerj,"  which  is  translated 
as  "  May  we  all  be  alive  and  in  God's  grace  this  time  next  year.  Amen," 
or  literally,  "  My  we  all  be  alive  this  time  again.  Amen."  If  one  hears 
the  cuckoo  from  behind,  and  in  the  right  ear,  and  also  finds  some  hairs 
(at  the  same  time)  under  his  right  foot,  such  a  one  will  be  lucky  for  that 
year.    If  the  cuckoo  is  first  heard  in  the  left  ear  it  is  an  unlucky  sign. 

Should  the  sowing  of  oats  be  deferred  from  any  cause  until  the 
coming  of  the  cuckoo,  such  sowing  is  invariably  known  as  "  cuckoo 
oats,"  and  is  thus  designated  to  mark  the  laziness  of  that  particular 

It  is  in  April  Easter  generally  falls,  and  this  brings  in  Eastertide 
customs  here.  On  Good  Friday  it  is  the  invariable  custom  for  all  the 
members  of  the  household  to  go,  in  turns,  to  the  nearest  graveyard,  and 
there  offer  up  a  round  of  their  rosary  beads  "  for  the  eternal  repose  of 
the  souls  of  the  faithful  departed  unto  Christ,  but  more  especially  for  their 
own  nearest  and  dearest  friends."  As  a  matter  of  course,  Good  Friday, 
like  Ash  Wednesday,  is  kept  as  a  black  fast,  but  I  never  heard  of  this 
pious  custom  on  Good  Friday  being  carried  out  at  any  other  festival 

The  tradition  that  the  sun,  at  its  rising,  dances  on  Easter  Sunday  is 
universal.  In  former  times  it  is  told  that  the  people,  after  their  breakfast 
of  Easter  eggs,  decorated  the  trees  with  the  shells,  as  blossoms,  in  honour 
of  the  occasion.  There  is  a  small  townland  in  the  parish  of  Kilbolane, 
in  Orrery  and  Kilmore  barony,  which  is  said  to  derive  its  name  of 
Ballynablay  (B4jle-f)4-bl4,c,  i.e.  "  The  town  of  the  Blossoms,"  and  now 
sometimes  written  "  Blossomville,")  from  this  custom.  Ballynablay 
townland  is  now  merged  in  that  of  Gortnagoul — "5o\iTi  ij4  54B4I,  i.e.  "  The 
field  or  garden  at  the  fork  "  of  the  Deel  river. 

Holy  Week  also  brings  in  the  (folk-lore)  history  to  of  the  Daire  Daol 
(the  forfecula  d/eus),  one  of  the  coleoptera.    When  the  Saviour  of 

0)  From  the  annexed  newspaper  cutting  it  would  seem  that  this  folk-lore  history  of 
the  daire  daol  prevails  in  a  slightly  modified  form  in  the  extreme  north  of  Scotland  : — 

"  A  Curious  Legend. — The  boys  of  Sutherland  will  never  allow  a  beetle  to  escape 
them  ;  they  stamp  on  the  insect  and  cry — '  Beetle,  beetle,  you  won't  see  to-morrow.' 
The  practice  is,  without  doubt,  connected  with  a  legend  which  may  be  heard  in  the 
counties — a  legend  of  special  interest  as  a  type  of  those  curious  Scottish  stories 
wherein  New  Testament  history  and  modern  realism  are  interblent.  Here  it  is  : — 
As  they  fled  into  Egypt,  Joseph  and  Mary  and  the  child  Christ  passed  through  a  field 
where  men  scattered  corn  seeds.    The  Virgin  said  to  the  men,  '  Should  any  ask  of 



mankind  was  fleeing  from  the  Jews  in  Holy  Week  He  passed  through 
an  orchard,  which  immediately  blossomed,  and  next  through  a  field  in 
which  the  tillers  were  engaged  sowing  corn.  On  the  morrow  all  those 
apple  trees  were  laden  with  ripe  golden  fruit,  while  the  corn  which  was 
sown  yesterday  had  grown  up  and  ripened,  and  was  now  fit  for  the 
sickle.  Thereupon  the  farmer  gathered  a  crowd  to  cut  it  down,  who 
took  with  them  a  basket  of  the  ripe  apples  to  quench  their  thirst  while 
engaged  reaping.  While  thus  engaged,  a  large  crowd  of  Jews,  with 
Judas  Iscariot  at  their  head,  came  that  way  and  enquired  whether  the 
reapers  saw  not  a  young  Man  of  extraordinarily  prepossessing  appear- 
ance pass  by  ?  The  reapers  well  knew  who  was  sought,  and  for  what 
purpose,  but  wishing  to  shield  our  Lord,  the  captain  of  that  mithil  raised 
his  right  hand  on  high,  and  solemnly  declared  that  "  not  since  these 
apples  were  in  blossom,  and  also  not  since  this  corn,  now  cutting,  was 
sown,  did  such  a  Man  pass  that  way."  Thereupon  a  daire  daol  con- 
cealed in  the  basket  of  apples  raised  its  head,  and,  speaking  in  Irish, 
interjected,  ll<&suy  y&  4r)4e,"  i.e.  "And  that  was  yesterday."  This 
gave  the  clue  to  the  Jews,  who  were  on  the  point  of  turning  back, 
and  they  followed  up  the  trail  and  discovered  our  Lord,  and  arrested 
Him.  As  for  the  captain  of  those  reapers,  he,  enraged  at  finding  his  ruse 
for  the  relief  of  a  foully-wronged  Man  foiled,  and  by  the  beetle,  raised 
his  sickle  and  struck  the  daol  on  the  back,  instantly  breaking  it  ;  and 
ever  since,  when  one  kills  a  daire  daol  (which  indeed  is  whenever  and 
wherever  it  is  met  with),  it  gives  out  a  perfume  like  that  of  a  ripe  apple. 
Also,  whenever  the  daire  daol  meets  a  Christian,  it  always  stops  and 
cocks  up  its  tail,  which  is  full  of  poison.  Whosoever  kills  a  daire  daol 
will  relieve  himself  of  a  deadly  sin  ;  but  to  gain  this  end  he  will  have  to 
kill  it  either  with  the  large  toe-nail  of  the  right  foot,  or  else  with  the 
thumb-nail  of  the  right  hand.  As  the  daire  daol  is  believed  to  be  "  full 
of  poison,"  and  that  a  sting  from  its  tail  or  a  bite  of  its  forceps  is  equally 
fatal,  very  few  have  sufficient  courage  to  kill  it  in  the  orthodox  fashion, 
but  merely  content  themselves  with  stoning  it  to  death. 

This  disgust  and  hatred  for  the  daire  daol  appears  to  be  of  ancient 
date,  for  we  are  told  in  The  Proceedings  of  the  Great  Bardic  Institution 
that  when  Dalian  Forguil,  at  the  instigation  of  Hugh  the  Fair,  king  of 

you  if  we  have  journeyed  this  way,  make  answer — a  man,  a  woman  and  a  child  crossed 
the  field  as  we  sowed  the  corn.'  That  night  the  grain  sprouted,  grew  rapidly,  and 
ripened,  so  that  next  day  the  labourers  brought  their  sickles  and  began  to  reap  it. 
Now  a  band  of  soldiers  came  and  questioned  them — '  Have  you  seen  a  mother  and 
child  on  an  ass,  with  a  man  leading  it,  go  this  way?'  The  men  replied — 'As  we 
sowed  the  corn  which  we  now  reap,  they  passed.'  When  they  heard  these  words,  the 
messengers  of  the  king  were  about  to  turn  back  ;  but  a  black  beetle  cried  aloud — 
'  Yesterday,  yesterday,  the  corn  was  sown,  and  the  Son  of  God  passed  through  the 
field.' " — Scottish  Review. 


Breffny,  satirized  the  King  of  Oirgiall,  as  the  latter  would  not  give  the 
poet  his  wondrous  working  shield  (the  Duibh-Gilla),  Dalian  thus  com- 
pared the  King  of  Oirgiall  to  a*  daire  daol : — 

21  4jjibe  in  T>M)h  T54el, 
21  4|ibj|ie  4  21ej-6. 

Translated — 

"Thou  disgusting  black  daol, 
Thou  art  more  disgusting,  O  Hugh." — 
Vide  Transactions  of  the  Ossianic  Society,  vol.  v.,  pp.  26-7. 

Mananaan  Mac  Lik. 

(  To  be  continued.) 

County  CorK  Celebrities. 


F  the  many  rural  celebrities  alike  amusing  and  eccentric,  albeit  harmless  in 
their  ways,  to  be  so  frequently  met  with  throughout  our  county,  there  is  none 
known  to  the  writer  to  possess  a  story  of  such  surpassing  interest,  origin 
ality,  and  variety  as  the  hero  of  this  chapter,  who  by  way  of  introduction 
may  here  be  described  as  a  veritable  "Jack  of  all  trades."  John  Roche, 
familiarly  known  in  his  own  locality  as  "  Johnny  Roche,"  was  born  early  in  the  present 
century  at  Wallstown,  near  Mallow,  and  during  his  boyhood  was  engaged  in  the 
ordinary  duties  connected  with  the  management  of  his  parental  acres,  when  he  gave 
evidence  of  the  natural  taste  for  the  working  of  various  handicrafts  that  afterwards 
evinced  itself  so  conspicuously.  Although  he  received  (if  any)  but  a  very  rudimentary 
education,  and  never  served  an  apprenticeship  to  any  particular  trade,  he  seemed  at  an 
early  age  to  have  been  principally  engaged  in  the  joint  business  of  carpenter  and 
blacksmith  at  his  father's  home.  There  he  continued  with  much  assiduity  to  turn  out 
all  manner  of  useful  work  until  the  commencement  of  the  'forties,  when,  allured  by  the 
charms  of  a  neighbouring  farmer's  daughter,  he  quitted  his  workshop,  entered  the  holy 
bonds  of  wedlock,  and  eventually  sailed  with  his  wife  for  America,  where  the  pair  lived 
together  for  a  brief  period  and  then  separated,  to  meet  no  more  during  the  course  of 
their  long  lives.  Johnny  was  much  affected  by  the  unexpected  developments  of  his 
married  life  ;  he  travelled  through  many  parts  of  the  great  Western  Continent,  and  in 
his  wanderings  acquired  much  experience  and  knowledge  of  the  ways  and  works  of 
man.  Unsettled  and  romantic — Bohemian  if  you  will — as  was  his  natural  disposition, 
he  returned  again  after  an  interval  of  three  years  to  his  old  home,  and  there 

"  .    .    .    Amongst  the  cooly  shade 
Of  the  green  alders  by  the  Mulla's  shore  " — 

during  the  remainder  of  his  days  he  continued  to  exercise  his  marvellous  genius,  to  the 
delight  and  amusement  of  some,  and  to  the  wonder  and  amazement  of  others.  Soon 



after  his  arrival  from  America  he  erected  a  mill  that  served  for  a  variety  of  useful 
purposes.  It  was  first  utilised  for  preparing  wool  and  homespun  flannels,  an  industry 
then  common  throughout  the  south  of  Ireland  ;  next  for  sawing  timber,  and  after  some 
time  again  the  additional  duty  was  imposed  on  it  of  sawing  flags  that  were  intended  to 
supply  the  local  graveyards  with  tombstones.  This  latter  innovation  created  quite  a 
sensation,  and  aroused  the  attention  of  his  neighbours  to  such  an  extent  that  one  of 
those  mischievous  wags  in  whom  the  locality  abounded  scribbled  on  the  mill  door  the 
following  uncomplimentary  lines — 

"  This  is  another  of  Roche's  toys, 

That  does  little  work,  but  makes  great  noise." 

Johnny  Roche. 

This  caustic  couplet  so  nettled  Johnny  that  the  humane  but  noisy  project  was  soon 
afterwards  completely  abandoned.  The  mill  was  then  fitted  up  with  the  necessary 
appliances  for  grinding  corn,  and  thus  it  remained  until  Johnny's  death,  when  opera- 
tions were  suspended  in  it.  To  erect  this,  and  subsequently  get  it  into  working  order, 
occasioned  Johnny  much  trouble.  Stones  had  to  be  quarried  and  conveyed  to  the  site; 
lime  and  sand  for  mortar  had  to  be  procured  ;  while  a  roof,  a  door  and  jambs,  windows 
and  window  frames,  inside  fixtures,  and  a  most  powerful  wheel  which  set  the 
machinery  of  the  whole  concern  in  motion,  were  all  constructed  by  him,  as  well  as  a 
weir  and  mill  race  with  the  necessary  floodgate. 

In  the  course  of  some  time,  probably  about  the  summer  of  1847,  he  laid  the  founda- 
tion of  a  castle  that  is  accounted  to  be  his  great  masterpiece  of  handicraft.    This  he 



intended  should  serve  as  his  residence  and  workshop  during  life,  and  afterwards  as  a 
monument  to  associate  his  name  with  fame  and  future  ages,  when  all  other  minor 
recollections  of  him  had  vanished  in  the  mist  of  time.  It  is  located  quite  close  to  the 
mill  on  the  south  bank  of  the  Awbeg,  a  short  distance  from  the  village  of  Shanbally- 
more,  about  three  miles  below  Doneraile  and  about  the  same  distance  from  Castle- 
townrochc,  which  is  situate  lower  down  the  stream.  It  has  been  not  inaptly,  although 
it  may  be  facetiously,  ycleped  "  Castle  Curious,"  and  of  a  verity  is  one  of  the  most 
stately  and  picturesque  of  the  many  historic  edifices  that  adorn  the  banks  of  the 
"  Shiny  Mulla"  from  its  source  in  "  old  father  Mole  "  to  its  junction  beneath  the 
venerable  walls  of  Bridgetown  Abbey  with  that  noble  flood  the  Blackwater. 

The  plan  of  the  castle  is  made  up  of  a  rectangle  twelve  feet  by  seventeen  feet,  to 
each  side  of  which  is  added  a  semicircle  of  seven  feet  six  inches  radius,  which 
represents  an  addition  at  each  side  of  the  main  portion  of  the  building,  in  the  shape  of 
a  semi-tower.  These  circular  structures  project  very  much  at  the  base  and  gradually 
incline  inwards  as  they  approach  the  top,  where  they  end  in  two  turrets  that  add  an 
air  of  feudal  grandeur  and  importance  to  the  entire  fabric.  On  one  of  these  turrets  a 
staff  is  still  to  be  seen,  whereon  floated  a  flag  which,  instead  of  bearing  the  national 
emblem  as  anyone  may  reasonably  suppose,  displayed  the  effigy  of  a  flying  angel. 
The  castle  measures  twenty-seven  feet  long,  seventeen  feet  broad,  and  forty-five  feet 
high,  and  is  lighted  by  thirteen  windows,  each  about  two  feet  six  inches  high  and  one 
foot  six  inches  wide,  in  the  construction  of  which  a  wealth  of  design  is  exhibited, 
some  being  arched  while  others  are  spanned  with  a  stone  lintel  placed  horizontally, 
the  weight  on  which  in  a  few  instances  is  relieved  by  an  arch,  an  architectural  feature 
observable  in  many  of  our  earliest  buildings.  In  addition  to  these  windows  the  two 
turrets  are  each  lighted  by  three  circular  openings,  about  three  feet  in  diameter,  which 
appear  in  contrast  to  the  others  rather  quaint  and  novel.  The  ground  floor  was 
divided  into  three  apartments  ;  one  was  used  as  a  smithy,  another  as  a  general  work- 
shop, and  the  third  does  not  appear  to  have  been  devoted  to  any  special  purpose. 
The  fireplace  is  situate  at  the  southern  end  of  the  castle,  and  the  flue  is 
brought  up  through  the  outer  wall  to  the  top  of  the  turret,  where  it  terminates  in  the 
shape  of  a  baluster,  while  a  doorway,  with  a  massive  panelled  door,  occupies  the 
northern  end.  This  doorway  is  of  the  usual  height ;  its  timber  jambs  are  wrought 
with  curious  ornaments,  and  is  lighted  overhead  by  a  semi-circular  fanlight,  fifteen 
inches  high.  There  are  three  stories  in  the  building,  and  as  they  are  of  such  an 
intricate  construction,  each  forming  various  apartments,  nooks  and  corners  separated 
by  cross  walls,  pierced  with  arched  openings,  a  detailed  description  of  them  would 
lead  but  to  confusion,  and  for  all  practical  purposes  is  here  unnecessary.  A  staircase 
leads  from  the  ground  floor  to  the  point  where  the  southern  turret  rises  above  the  roof 
of  the  main  building,  and  as  there  was  no  internal  means  of  access  to  the  tops  of  the 
turrets,  the  assistance  of  a  ladder  was  always  resorted  to  whenever  the  occupier 
ascended  them,  which  he  very  frequently  did  for  the  purpose  of  surveying  the  sur- 
rounding country,  or  to  divert  himself  in  the  somewhat  peculiar  pastime  of  loudly 
blowing  a  horn.  The  roof  of  the  main  building  is  vaulted,  -and  springs  from  a  string 
course,  on  which  a  battlement  of  about  three  feet  six  inches  high,  connecting  both 
turrets,  rests ;  it  is  carefully  cemented  on  the  exterior,  and  perfectly  secure,  the  water 
being  conveyed  away  by  means  of  stone  gargoyles.  The  erection  of  the  entire 
structure  occupied  three  summers,  and  when  all  the  inconveniences  and  difficulties 
attending  its  construction  are  taken  into  account,  it  will  be  admitted  that  an  amount  of 
curious,  toilsome  work  was  accomplished  within  a  short  space  of  time.  During  this 
interval  he  sought  not  nor  obtained  the  slightest  assistance  from  aught  human,  and 



appeared  all  through  to  entertain  a  secret  satisfaction — nay,  even  a  selfish  pleasure — 
in  raising  the  necessary  stones  in  an  adjoining  quarry,  which  he  did  with  much 
difficulty,  and  afterwards  conveying  them  to  the  scene  of  operation.  The  lime  used 
was  drawn  in  very  small  quantities  from  the  town  of  Mallow,  which  is  about  six  miles 
distant,  by  means  of  that  slow  and  tedious  conveyance  an  ass  and  cart,  while  the 
necessary  sand  was  procured  with  no  slight  exertions  from  the  bed  of  his  own  river. 
As  the  erection  of  the  castle  proceeded,  the  builder's  labours  increased ;  a  windlass 
had  to  be  constructed  for  the  purpose  of  raising  building  materials,  and  the  utmost 
that  could  be  hoisted  at  any  one  time  would  be  about  five  or  six  stones,  and  alternately 
a  correspondingly  diminutive  quantity  of  mortar.  When  these  were  utilized,  fresh 
supplies  had  to  be  obtained,  which  obliged  the  builder  to  again  descend  and  reload, 


"Castle  Curious"  and  Mill. 

{From  a  Photo  by  T.  J.  Roche,  Eso.) 

and  so  an  incessant  journeying  up  and  down  was  gone  through  before  the  day's  labours 
were  at  an  end.  The  castle  is  unadorned  with  mouldings  or  inscriptions  of  any  sort, 
save  in  the  exterior  of  the  south  wall,  where,  about  three  feet  from  the  ground,  is 
inserted  a  polished  limestone  resembling  marble,  bearing  the  simple  inscription,  in 
large,  clear,  and  remarkably  well-formed  characters — 



This  formerly  acted  as  the  keystone  of  a  long  archway  or  viaduct  that  at  one  time  cut 
the  steep  declivity  approaching  the  mill  from  the  highroad.  It  was  inserted  quite 
recently  in  the  castle  by  a  friendly  hand,  and  although  now  in  a  very  proper  place  it 
has  a  slight  drawback,  inasmuch  as  it  leaves  the  reader  to  infer  that  the  castle,  and 
not  the  archway,  was  constructed  in  the  year  indicated.  The  castle  is  uninhabited 
since  the  founder's  death,  and,  as  might  be  expected,  is  still  in  a  fair  state  of  preser- 
vation, although  the  framework  of  some  of  the  windows  has  completely  disappeared. 


In  many  of  Johnny's  works  there  is  evidence  of  the  attentive  study  he  bestowed  on 
his  personal  convenience;  for  instance,  we  find  an  old  well  in  the  ground  floor  of  the 
castle  which  he  used  for  domestic  and  trade  purposes.  This  well  was  supplied  by 
means  of  an  underground  drain  with  a  stream  of  water  that  Hows  from  a  rocky  slope 
about  twelve  feet  from  the  castle,  and  the  surplus  water  was  conveyed  off  in  a  sewer, 
portion  of  which  may  still  be  seen.  A  few  yards  from  this  latter  fountain  is  the  holy 
well  of  Wallstown,  St.  Bernard's  Well.  Pilgrims  affected  with  various  ailments  have 
been  known  to  resort  thither  from  time  immemorial,  and,  as  is  the  prevailing  practice 
at  such  places,  have  decorated  the  bushes  overhanging  the  well  with  a  variety  of 
differently-hued  ribbons,  which  gaudy  display  affords  the  visitor  an  index  to  the  reputed 
sanctity  of  the  waters  beneath.  At  early  morn  Johnny  would  often  behold  beneath 
his  window  a  motley  congregation  assembled  round  the  well,  and  half  annoyed  at  their 
constaut  presence,  or  dreading  their  pillaging,  was  wont  to  exclain  in  an  audible  tone, 
wherein  familiarity  breathed  somewhat  of  contempt,  "  It  won't  leave  a  vagabond  in  the 
country  but  it  will  draw  round  my  place  ! " 

Poverty  in  his  case  was  unquestionably  the  reward  of  genius.  The  mill  was  his 
only  practical  source  of  a  scanty  livelihood,  and  while  it  accomplished  little  more  than 
keeping  soul  and  body  together  he  was  contented  and  gay,  and  apparently  considered 
wealth  and  his  own  welfare  as  matters  only  of  minor  importance. 

In  the  capacity  of  carpenter,  blacksmith,  miller,  and  mason,  Johnny  was  competent 
to  eke  out  an  existence,  but  his  genius  knew  no  bounds,  and  always  soared  aloft  in 
search  of  something  new  and  unusual.  His  constant  experiments  in  mechanics  led 
him  gradually  on  to  be  a  self-existing  institution.  He  constructed  a  machine  for  the 
purpose  of  threshing  the  corn  that  grew  on  the  plot  of  land  attached  to  his  castle,  that 
was  worked  by  water  power  ;  and  were  it  not  for  the  kindly  interference  of  an  admirer 
of  his  genius  would  have  sown  flax  seed  in  his  plot,  with  a  view  of  producing  a  strong 
rope  which  he  intended  to  fasten  to  a  plough  at  one  end,  and  to  the  machinery  of  his 
mill  at  the  other,  and  so  till  his  land  by  water  power.  This  would  certainly  have  been 
a  novel  experiment  had  it  worked. 

In  almost  every  craft  his  varied  and  inventive  genius  enabled  him  to  succeed.  He 
acted  as  his  own  butler,  cook,  and  general  attendant ;  he  was  a  skilful  gardener  and 
an  excellent  baker,  while  as  a  clothier  he  never  experienced  the  absolute  necessity  of  a 
tailor,  as  he  was  known  to  make  his  own  clothes,  and  actually  in  his  desire  to  excel  at 
home  manufacture,  even  in  its  most  limited  sense,  constructed  his  coat  buttons  out  of 
horn  and  leather,  and  always  delighted  in  wearing  boots  and  brogues  of  his  own  make. 
He  was  likewise  experienced  and  successful  in  regulating  the  erring  clocks  for  miles 
around  his  residence,  that  afterwards  indicated  the  hour  with  wonderful  accuracy.  As 
a  dentist,  Johnny  established  a  reputation  long  prior  to  the  invasion  of  our  shores  by 
Anglo-American  dental  companies ;  and  not  only  did  he  extract  teeth,  and  what  is 
admittedly  far  more  difficult,  parts  of  teeth,  but  he  actually  supplied  their  vacant  chair 
with  a  grinder  carved  by  himself  from  horse  bone.  In  this  he  possessed  much 
confidence,  and  recommended  its  use  whenever  his  patients  murmured  over  the 
departure  of  their  own  natural  growth.  He  made  several  violins,  fifes,  bagpipes, 
clarionettes,  drums,  tambourines,  etc.,  and  repaired  all  the  musical  instruments  of  the 
local  musicians.  He  also  made  a  fishing  rod,  and  tied  his  own  flies,  presumably  with 
the  necessary  amount  of  deceptive  delicacy,  but  his  piscatorial  labours,  notwithstand- 
ing, do  not  appear  to  have  been  attended  with  success;  at  all  events  not  with  sufficient 
to  warrant  a  prosecution  of  them.  'Tis  well  nigh  fifty  years  since  he  constructed  and 
rode  his  first  velocipede,  a  machine  that  admitted  of  vast  improvements,  and  which  he 
afterwards  considerably  altered  for  the  better.    On  this  he  appeared  at  all  the  popular 



gatherings  in  the  country ;  and  even  late  in  life  accomplished  journeys  of  twenty  miles 
to  and  from  the  residence  of  his  landlord,  the  late  Mr.  John  Newman,  of  Dromore, 
Mallow,  to  whom  he  paid  the  rent  of  his  castle  and  garden  in  a  most  punctual  manner. 
Johnny  also  made  excursions  into  the  fine  arts,  and  turned  out  some  sculpture  and 
wood-carving,  while  many-visaged  monsters,  his  own  creation,  grinned  and  gaped  from 
the  pier-tops  approaching  his  mill,  and  kept  stern  vigil  on  the  battlements  of  his  castle. 
He  was  never  known  to  purchase  a  trade  implement,  as  he  also  made  all  his  tools, 
with  the  exception  of  an  anvil  In  fine,  his  ingenious  brain  was  scarcely  ever  allowed 
to  wander  in  the  regions  of  rest  and  vacancy,  but  was  generally  engrossed  in  planning 
out  some  invention,  no  matter  how  insignificant,  and,  like  ten  thousand  people  of  the 
present  day,  a  considerable  portion  of  his  time  was  employed  over  the  perpetual 
motion  problem,  needless  to  say  with  the  usual  fruitless  results.  As  a  specimen  of 
his  minor  performances  might  be  mentioned  the  construction  of  a  water-clock  in  the 
stream  which  he  diverted  under  his  castle.  Where  he  borrowed  the  design  of  this 
ancient  time-piece  is  unknown,  but  it  certainly  was  not  from  any  local  source.  A  still 
more  ingenious  contrivance,  which  bears  the  stamp  of  originality,  might  here  be 
mentioned  as  throwing  a  side-light  into  the  subtle  workings  of  his  busy  intellect. 
This  was  a  trap  for  catching  rats,  and  so  varied  and  exhaustive  have  been  the  means 
and  appliances  for  the  destruction  of  these  vermin  that  few  would  even  dream  of 
adding  to  the  number.  An  ordinary  barrel  was  placed  standing  on  one  end,  the  lid  of 
the  end  uppermost  turned  on  a  pair  of  pivots  by  which  it  maintained  a  horizontal 
position  ;  the  slippery  contrivance  was  then  placed  in  some  well-known  rat  walk,  and 
as  the  unsuspecting  animal  rambled  in  danger's  way  it  stepped  on  the  lid  which 
instantly  over-balanced,  depositing  the  intruder  safe  and  sound  in  the  bottom  of  the 
barrel;  the  lid  then  revolved  into  its  original  position,  and  thus  prevented  the  rat's 
escape.  A  humorous  story  to  the  following  effect  is  related  of  him  in  connection  with 
this  invention.  At  one  time  he  found  some  four  or  five  rats  imprisoned,  and  as  he  was 
in  the  act  of  dispatching  them  with  a  stout  stick,  a  particularly  light-coloured  one, 
seizing  its  last  opportunity  to  prolong  its  existence,  sprung  on  to  the  stick,  ran  up  it  on 
to  Johnny's  arm,  and  away.  The  would-be  executioner,  struck  with  amazement, 
remarked  that  after  such  a  gallant  escape  it  was  only  due  to  the  companions  of  such  a 
clever  animal  to  liberate  them,  at  the  same  time  turning  the  barrel  on  its  side  to  allow 
of  their  escape.  His  intercourse  with  rats  was  rather  extensive.  A  story  runs  to  the 
effect  that  he  was  once  presented  with  a  white  one,  and  after  feeding  it  for  a  while, 
expected  some  show  of  gratitude  in  return.  Johnny  attempted  to  stroke  it,  but  the 
rat,  true  to  its  old  instincts,  caught  hold  of  his  finger,  on  which  he  exclaimed — "  Rats, 
black  or  white,  should  not  be  trusted ! " 

Notwithstanding  his  strange  mode  of  existence,  the  multiplicity  of  his  avocations, 
and  the  gloom  that  his  wayward  marriage  was  naturally  calculated  to  throw  over  his 
path  of  life,  he  possessed  an  endless  fund  of  humour  and  merriment,  and  his  abode 
was  always  the  centre  of  attraction  for  the  boys  and  girls  of  the  district,  where  they 
danced  away  their  idle  hours  to  his  music,  which  he  supplied  gratuitously;  while  those 
too  old  to  take  the  floor  and  trip  it  "on  the  light  fantastic  toe" — 

"  .    .    .    With  greedy,  listful  ears, 

Did  stand  astonish'd  at  his  curious  skill." 

His  company  was  most  sociable  and  agreeable.  He  could  play,  dance,  whistle  and 
sing,  and  was  withal  very  gentle  in  his  manner  ;  and  no  festive  gathering  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood was  considered  complete  in  his  absence.  He  played  on  the  violin  a  variety 
of  tunes.    Whiles  he  would  play  his  own  native  airs  with  a  depth  of  feeling,  and  then 


again  relieve  their  monotony  by  instantly  rattling  up  such  lively  ones  as  "The  Rakes 
of  Mallow,"  "  The  Humours  of  Ban  don,"  or  "The  Rocky  Road  to  Dublin."  He  also 
successfully  performed  on  the  ordinary  fife,  and,  like  the  miller  in  the  Canterbury 

"  A  baggepipe  well  could  he  blow  and  soun." 

In  fact,  he  had  an  especial  fancy  for  this  instrument,  from  which  he  could  squeeze  out 
quite  an  immensity  of  music  for  the  pleasure  of  others,  or  to  while  away  his  own 
solitary  hours.  Many  an  odd  story  is  related  of  him.  His  adventure  to  the  Cork 
Exhibition  in  1883  was  very  amusing.  He  was  anxious  to  see  all  the  wonderful  sights 
collected  there,  but,  like  a  true  son  of  genius,  was  short  of  the  wherewithal,  and  in 
order  to  reduce  his  hotel  bills,  filled  his  pockets  with  boiled  potatoes  and  fried  eels, 
which  he  got  from  a  neighbour.  This  store  he  considered  sufficient  for  a  three  days' 
visit  ;  but  alas ! — 

"  The  best  laid  schemes  o'  mice  and  men  gang  aft  a-gley." 

Johnny  this  time  availed  of  the  inducement  in  the  shape  of  a  cheap  trip  held  out  by 
the  railway,  and  forsook  his  favourite  tricycle.  This  necessitated  his  taking  a  return 
ticket,  and  as  he  had  no  ticket-pocket  he  had  to  place  it  among  the  potatoes  and  fish. 
When  he  arrived  at  Blarney  the  ticket  was  demanded.  Johnny  put  his  hand  into  one 
of  his  pockets,  but  the  ticket  could  not  be  found.  He  then  searched  a  second,  a  third, 
and  a  fourth  pocket,  but  still  could  not  discover  the  missing  ticket.  The  collector  was 
growing  impatient ;  there  was  no  alternative,  the  pockets  should  be  disgorged  ;  and 
amidst  the  laughter  of  the  crowds  in  the  carriage,  the  potatoes  and  eels  had  all  to  be 
turned  out  before  the  missing  passport  was  found.  On  his  return  journey,  to  avoid  a 
scene  like  this,  he  resolved  to  keep  the  ticket  in  his  hand,  but,  unfortunately,  while 
replenishing  his  pipe  at  the  Cork  terminus  he  laid  his  ticket  by,  and  of  course  forgot 
it  until  challenged  at  Rathduff  by  the  collector.  Here  Johnny  found  he  had  neither 
ticket  nor  money ;  he  was  in  an  awkward  predicament,  and  did  not  know  what  to  do, 
until  at  the  last  moment  a  friend  in  the  train  paid  his  fare;  so  he  escaped,  but  ever 
afterwards  vowed  vengeance  on  railway  travelling. 

Johnny  loved  his  glass,  and  it  may  be  drew  inspiration  therefrom.  One  of  his 
jovial  companions,  a  "wet"  soul  named  Nixon,  whilom  sexton  of  Wallstown  church, 
died  and  was  buried  in  Wallstown.  In  a  pliant  hour  Johnny  promised  him  if  he 
survived  he  would  raise  a  monument  to  his  memory,  and  true  to  his  word  he  erected 
a  flag  with  the  following  telegraphic  inscription — "  here  lies  nixon." 

Johnny's  appearance  was  somewhat  striking.  Of  a  medium  height,  well  formed 
and  unencumbered  with  flesh,  he  was  gifted  with  unusual  activity,  which  perhaps  an 
unevenly  balanced  intellect  kept  in  a  state  of  constant  motion.  His  face  was  full  of 
life  and  expression.  His  eyes,  undimmed  by  years,  reflected  the  subtle  working  of  his 
mind,  while  his  silvery  locks  were  allowed  to  stray  far  beyond  their  proper  confines, 
and  added  a  weirdness  to  his  countenance.  From  the  photograph  shown,  in  which  he 
is  very  appropriately  represented  with  a  violin  in  one  hand  and  a  trowel  in  the  othere 
it  will  be  observed  that  his  hat  formed  no  unimportant  portion  of  his  attire,  and  on 
closer  inspection  his  waistcoat  appears  to  have  been  fastened  by  only  one  button, 
which  must  have  taken  some  pains  to  tie,  and  no  ordinary  amount  of  exertion  to  undo. 
In  his  old  days  he  generally  travelled  about  and  visited  the  neighbouring  towns  and 
villages,  snugly  ensconced  in  a  curiously-shaped  vehicle.  This  was  altogether  his  own 
design  and  make,  and  resembled  to  some  extent  a  small  circus  van,  shorn  of  the 
ornamental  dragons  usually  seen  at  the  sides  and  rear.    It  was  fitted  up  with  many 



culinary  appliances,  including  a  fire  place,  and,  to  add  to  its  grotesqueness,  was  drawn 
by  a  pair  of  asses,  usually  yoked  in  tandem.  He  was  presented  with  one  of  these 
asses,  which  was  a  hermaphrodite,  and  principally  on  account  of  its  extreme  rarity 
took  an  especial  delight  in  driving  it.  His  patriarchal  appearance  was  well  known  for 
many  miles  around,  and  no  matter  whither  he  turned  the  onlooker,  young  or  old,  was 
always  full  of  anecdote  concerning  him  which  his  presence  seemed  instantly  to 
awaken.  His  end  at  last  arrived.  While  attending  the  funeral  of  one  of  his  friends, 
a  respect  he  religiously  paid  to  the  departed,  he  was  delayed  late  in  a  wintry  afternoon, 
and  on  his  return  homewards  in  the  night-time  contracted  a  cold  that  developed  into 
pneumonia,  to  which  in  the  course  of  a  few  days  he  succumbed,  on  the  10th  day  of 
February,  1884,  at  the  advanced  age  of  over  80  years.  It  was  one  of  his  favourite 
notions  to  be  buried  in  a  tomb  in  the  river,  within  view  of  his  castle,  and  had  the 
stones  collected  for  the  purpose,  but  a  wag  satirised  the  idea,  which  stung  him  so 
much  that  he  relinquished  the  intention.  The  epitaph  he  intended  to  inscribe  on  it 
ran  in  the  following  doggerel  rhyme  : — 

"  Here  lies  the  body  of  poor  John  Roche, 
He  had  his  faults,  but  don't  reproach  ; 
For  when  alive  his  heart  was  mellow, 
An  artist,  genius,  and  comic  fellow." 

He  now  reposes,  amongst  his  relations,  in  the  quiet  churchyard  of  Templeroan,  not  far 
from  the  spot  immortalized  by  the  achievements  of  his  active  moments,  where  his 
name  has  long  since  grown  "a  household  word,"  and  where  his  memory  is  not  likely 
to  be  forgotten  at  the  peasant's  fireside  as  the  aged  sire  relates  to  his  attentive  child 
the  stories  and  legends  of  the  olden  times.  A  pithy  obituary  notice  of  him  appeared 
at  the  time  of  his  death  in  the  columns  of  the  Cork  Examiner.  It  was  a  matter  of 
surprise  to  him  that  nobody  had  ever  penned  what  he  called  "  his  history,"  as  he 
considered  there  was  nothing  hitherto  accomplished  with  stone  and  mortar  to  equal 
the  appearance  of  his  castle,  and  as  his  life  abounded  in  as  much  if  not  more  incident 
and  originality  than  that  of  many  others  whose  slightest  actions  were  carefully 
chronicled.  He  dreaded  lest  he  should  go  down  to  his  grave  unsung,  leaving  the 
labours  of  a  long  eventful  lifetime  unknown  to  posterity,  and  his  grandest  actions 
unrecorded  to  fade  away  unto  forgetfulness.  In  a  material  light  the  varied  career  of 
this  strange  and  mysterious  being  presents,  after  all,  little  more  than  genius  travelling 
in  the  dark.  Had  he  possessed  the  advantages  arising  from  a  course  of  education 
properly  directed,  and  had  his  energies  been  concentrated  in  acquiring  a  knowledge  of 
some  particular  science,  it  is  a  matter  for  conjecture  to  what  world-wide  eminence  he 
might  have  attained,  but  as  his  fertile  fancy  was  allowed  to  exert  itself  in  its  wildest 
mode  and  display  itself  in  every  the  most  outlandish  form ;  the  labours  even  of  the 
most  powerful  intellect,  under  such  circumstances,  usually  terminate  in  little  more  than 
the  trifling  toywork  of  children.  View  him,  however,  amidst  his  own  rural  surround- 
ings, as  he  played  his  many  parts  on  life's  great  stage,  with  his  violin  in  one  hand  and 
his  trowel  in  the  other,  and  not  as  what  he  might  have  been  had  the  supposed  acquisi- 
tions already  enumerated  intervened,  and  more  extraordinary  ingenuity,  more  varied 
resource,  and  more  singular  originality,  it  will  readily  be  conceded,  have  rarely  been 
displayed  in  any  one  man. 

J.  W.  B. 


Tfaund  )\bout  the  Vails  0/  Cork. 

By  JOHN  FITZGERALD,  Council  Member. 

EMINDING  one  of  "the  thin  red  streak"  on  the  shores  of  the  Crimea,  there 
is  a  small  red  spot  on  the  large  map  of  Cork,  published  in  this  Joiirnal  in 
1893,  which  represents  the  "walled"  City  of  the  Lee,  a  very  important  and 
fiercely  contested  little  place  in  the  troublesome  times  gone  by. 

There  are  many  thousands  of  our  citizens  whose  ideas  of  the  growth  of 
their  native  city  are  very  vague,  it  might  be  said  they  know  nothing  at  all  about  it,  and 
to  make  it  plain  to  them  and  to  strangers,  I  propose  taking  them  in  imagination,  or  in 
reality,  "Round  about  the  Walls  of  Cork,"  and  showing  them  the  actual  traces  and  the 
solid  remains  of  the  walls  which  are  still  standing.  Let  us  start  southward  from  the 
Water  Gate,  and  come  back  to  the  same  spot  again  after  passing  round  the  limits  of 
the  ancient  city.  Stand  in  front  of  the  Queen's  Old  Castle  (Lyons  &  Co.  Ltd.),  on  the 
Grand  Parade,  and  you  look  westward.  That  is  the  exact  site  of  the  Water  Gate, 
whose  two  castles — the  Queen's  Castle  and  the  King's  Castle,  nearer  to  Castle  Street — 
with  a  spiked  gate  of  strong  timbers,  and  its  dock  within,  formed  a  safe  refuge  for  the 
small  ships  of  the  period,  and  was  the  origin  of  Cork  Arms  and  the  Latin  motto  Statio 
Bene  Fida  Carinis.  The  stream  that  runs  through  Nile  Street,  Liberty  Street,  Patric 
Street,  till  it  flows  into  the  north  channel  near  the  bridge,  by  Merchants'  Quay,  though 
unseen  is  still  there,  and  is  all  that  remains  as  a  mark.  The  centre  part  of  Lyons' 
establishment  is  the  front  of  the  city  courthouse  of  the  last  century;  its  three  narrow 
doors  and  windows  are  unaltered;  the  wings  at  each  side  are  only  modern  extensions. 
The  late  lamented  Richard  Caulfield,  ll.d.,  told  me  he  saw  the  great  iron  hooks  on 
which  the  actual  Water  Gate  hung,  still  fixed  in  the  great  stone  blocks  that  held  them, 
on  one  occasion  when  the  street  was  dug  up.  There  are  many  stories  that  might  be 
told  of  the  Water  Gate.  It  will  suffice  to  remind  you  of  one  dark  night  early  in 
December,  when  the  officer  in  charge  of  Roche's  Castle,  which  stood  where  the  Young 
Men's  Society  faces  Liberty  Street,  stole  silently  down  the  little  quay  of  the  dock,  and 
treacherously  opened  the  Water  Gate  ere  he  returned.  Shortly  after,  the  "Ironsides"  of 
Cromwell  began  to  wade  through  the  slush  of  the  Rush  Marsh,  and  waist  deep  through 
the  shallow  water,  until  they  assembled  in  hundreds  on  the  little  quay,  giving  rise  to  the 
terrible  calamity  recorded  as  "  Cromwell's  Christmas,"  and  the  nearly  extinct  bad  wish, 
"  The  curse  of  Cromwell  on  you." 

The  next  place  of  interest  is  Christchurch  Lane  and  the  church  itself.  The  lane 
is  a  very  nice  place  to  walk  in,  summer  and  winter,  being  well  flagged ;  having  a 
Protestant  National  School  on  one  side,  and  the  cleanly  kept  old  graveyard  on  the 
other,  in  which,  and  in  the  crypt,  many  monuments  and  relics  of  antiquity  are  to  be 
met  with.  For  traces  of  the  city  wall  Council  Member  Robert  Walker,  architect,  etc., 
has  an  ancient  lease  of  a  house  "built  on  the  city  wall"  in  this  lane,  and  showing  on 
its  face  a  well-drawn  picture  of  the  house  itself,  with  the  ground  before  it  seemingly 
made  up  to  the  level  of  the  wall,  and  showing  an  arch  or  a  breach  in  the  wall  itself. 
There  are  many  traces  of  the  old  city  about  here.  Berwick  fountain  is  the  exact  site 
of  Tuckey's  Bridge,  which  spanned  a  canal  at  that  place,  and  on  which  the  equestrian 
statue  of  George  II.  was  first  erected.  Smith  in  his  Complete  Tiish  Traveller  (1784), 
says,  "The  statue  is  of  bronze,  I  think,  and  executed  by  a  Dublin  artist."    He  did  not 



test  it  with  a  knife,  or  he  would  have  found  it  was  very  bad  lead  and  not  bronze,  and 
was  modelled  and  cast  by  a  Dutch  artist,  Van  Oss,  in  Kift's  Lane,  which  we  are  passing; 
and  if  you  take  any  interest  in  the  matter  you  will  find  all  details  of  expense,  etc.,  in  the 
Council  Book  of  the  Cork  Corporation,  for  it  was  that  wise  body  made  a  present  (at  their 
own  expense)  of  the  '  'yalla  horse, "  as  it  got  to  be  called,  to  the  ratepayers.  Some  one  had 
a  dreadful  dream  about  it  on  the  3rd  of  March,  1862,  when  the  statue  was  in  the  railed 
space  near  the  City  Club.  Some  goblins  seemed  to  come  and  fix  a  hawser  round  horse 
and  rider,  then  take  the  hawser  in  a  boat  to  the  quay  at  the  other  side  of  the  river,  after 
which  there  came  a  long  pull  and  a  strong  pull,  and  a  heavy  splash  in  the  river.  Dream 
or  otherwise,  that  equestrian  statue  no  longer  formed  an  ornament  to  Cork  City. 

At  the  back  of  most  of  the  houses  from  Tuckey  Street  to  Post  Office  Lane  may  be 
found  pieces  of  the  city  wall,  either  partly  connected  with  the  houses  or  standing 
alone.  We  must  pass  through  Post  Office  Lane  to  get  to  the  South  Gate,  but  before 
we  do  so  I  wish  to  remind  you  that  from  this  very  spot  a  blacksmith  shot  the  Duke 
of  Grafton,  when  the  gallant  young  noble  was  leading  his  troops  across  the  Rape 
Marsh  to  the  siege  of  Cork,  but  do  not  imagine  it  was  this  Post  Office  Lane,  it  was 
from  the  city  wall  by  a  tower,  for  of  course  the  lane  is  but  a  land  mark.  At  the  end 
of  that  lane,  over  the  way,  is  the  place,  still  called  Grafton's  Alley  in  memory  of  the 
gallant  young  duke. 

This  is  South  Gate  Bridge,  and  here  in  the  old  times  stood  the  well-guarded  South 
Gate.  It  is  shown  in  the  Pacata  Hibernia  as  a  square  tower,  but  the  artists  of  the 
Pacata  were  unreliable,  for  they  made  the  tower  of  the  Red  Abbey  a  round  one,  when 
all  the  world  can  see  it  is  square ;  but  it  was  a  strong  gate,  with  drawbridge  and 
portcullis,  through  both  of  which  Captain  Muschamp  somehow  passed  unchallenged 
on  the  night  he  swaggered  from  Elizabeth  Fort  over  there,  and  brought  about  the 
conspiracy  which  shut  the  Catholic  citizens  outside  the  walls  homeless  and  ruined. 
The  city  wall  curved  round  from  what  is  now  the  Parade,  through  what  is  now  Lane's 
Brewery,  to  the  South  Gate,  but  I  believe  all  traces  of  it  have  been  removed.  The 
more  modern  South  Gate  was  the  County  Gaol  of  last  century,  but  it  stood  on  the 
same  site.  It  was  an  imposing  building  of  limestone,  with  fourteen  strongly  barred 
windows  above  the  river,  and  a  cut  stone  cornice,  on  the  top  of  which  were  five  iron 
spikes,  on  the  points  of  which  the  heads  of  criminals  could  be  impaled  by  leaning  over 
the  parapet  wall,  and  the  head  of  O'Sullivan  Beare  formed  the  ghastly  ornament  of  the 
centre  spike,  as  it  bleached  in  the  wind  ;  for  it  seemed  that  no  head  would  be  removed 
except  to  make  room  for  a  fresh  one,  and  in  those  "hanging  days"  the  spikes  were 
never  empty.  The  half  arch  of  the  old  bridge  at  the'northern  side  butts  up  against  all 
that  is  left  of  South  Gate  Gaol.  It  had  a  very  handsome  gate  of  cut  stone  for  passengers 
and  traffic,  and  sentry  boxes  guarded  it  well  from  the  bridge  itself  and  from  the  South 
Main  Street.  The  gaol  door  was  in  that  street,  and  was  the  spot  at  which  all  unfortu- 
nate persons  sentenced  "  to  be  flogged  "  from  North  Gate  to  South  Gate,  had  to  be 
released.  Now  comes  the  long  curve  of  Beamish  and  Crawford's  Brewery,  within 
which,  at  various  spots,  there  are  handsome  bits  of  sculptured  stone,  and  others  which 
bear  dates  and  inscriptions.  The  brewery  itself  forms  the  exact  curve  of  the  walled 
and  egg-shaped  City  of  Cork,  nearly  as  far  as  Clarke's  Bridge.  The  new  (white)  part 
of  the  brewery  a  little  further  west,  it  may  be  interesting  to  state,  was  up  to  fifty  years 
ago  a  salt  and  lime  works,  owned  by  the  father  of  our  talented  and  lamented  fellow- 
citizen,  Jerome  Collins,  the  "weather  prophet,"  whose  sad  death  from  exposure  on  an 
Arctic  Exploration  all  have  read  of.  It  matters  little  to  him  now,  for  they  brought  his 
remains  home,  and  he  is  resting  peacefully,  with  the  mother  that  gave  him  birth,  under 
that  Celtic  cross  at  Curricuppane. 


We  have  to  pass  over  an  ancient  bridge  here  to  follow  the  curve  of  the  river 
by  Crosses  Green,  and  this  old  bridge,  or  at  least  one  on  the  same  site,  was  the  only 
communication  with  Saint  Marie's  of  the  Isle.  You  will  see  the  old  bridge  in  the 
(map)  picture  of  Corkc  in  the  Pacata  Ilibemia,  and  you  will  also  see  St.  Dominic's  Mill. 
That  old  saint's  name  is  still  used  for  the  mill,  which  stood  on  the  site  of  Hall's  Mills 
of  the  present  day.  There  are  many  bits  of  antiquity  about  here,  but  it  was  outside 
the  walls  of  the  city.  I  may  say  that  St.  Marie's  of  the  Isle  Convent  is  still  on  an 
island  intact,  for  it  is  entirely  surrounded  by  water  to  this  day.  The  conical  structure 
known  as  the  "  Glasshouse  chimney  "  was  well  within  the  walls.  There  is  a  rough  garden 
around  it,  and  at  one  part  of  this  garden  there  is  a  large  shed  built  against  a  very 
strong  wall.  Pass  round  into  Hanover  Street  into  the  premises  of  Mr.  O'Connell, 
builder,  and  you  will  be  at  the  back  of  this  shed,  and  standing  under  the  largest  piece 
that  remains  of  the  city  wall.  It  was  an  ancient  glass  bottle  manufactory  this  old 
chimney,  and  built  of  red  brick  made  in  the  Brickfields  (now  the  site  of  the  Great 
Southern  and  Western  Railway  Station).  The  bricks  were  made  to  follow  the  shape 
of  the  cone  and  of  the  circle  as  it  diminishes  towards  the  top,  and  there  is  neither 
crack  nor  flaw  in  one  of  them,  in  fact  they  are  a  splendid  sample  of  Cork  manufacture 
of  the  old  times.  There  are  many  samples  of  the  black  wine  bottles  made  within  it 
yet  remaining,  such  as  "Magnums"  (Imperial  half  gallon),  which  bear  the  name  of 
those  they  were  made  for;  for  instance  "  Dr.  Blair,  1720,"  and  others  of  a  more  recent 
date.  The  interior  of  the  chimney  is  fifty  feet  in  diameter,  and  the  old  structure,  if 
not  meddled  with,  will  reach  the  date  a.d.  2000.  Botanists  would  be  delighted  with 
it,  for  there  is  a  wind-sown  collection  of  curious  weeds  and  plants  round  its  base  which 
cannot  be  found  elsewhere.  The  piece  of  city  wall  on  Mr.  O'Connell's  premises  is 
mentioned  in  an  old  lease  as  "being  built  (the  old  premises)  against  the  city  wall." 
It  takes  a  curve  from  thence,  which,  if  continued,  would  enclose  the  Court  House, 
Grattan  Street,  and  part  of  Coach  Street,  but  in  those  places  there  are  but  very  few 
traces  of  walls  or  flanking  towers,  until  you  follow  the  egg-shaped  or  oval  form  of 
walled  Cork  up  Bachelors  Quay  to  the  North  Gate. 

Here  there  are  plenty  of  traces  to  be  found  at  the  back  of  the  houses,  such  as  a 
very  high  and  very  thick  piece  of  wall  (red  sandstone)  behind  the  house  of  Mr.  D.  A. 
O'Shea,  corner  house  of  North  Main  Street  and  Kyrls  Quay,  which  undoubtedly 
belonged  to  either  the  ancient  or  the  more  modern  North  Gate.  There  are  large 
portions  of  such  walls  behind  the  house  of  Mr.  Simon  Flynn,  and  many  bits  at  the 
other  side  of  the  street.  By  standing  in  the  centre  of  the  North  Main  Street  and 
looking  south,  you  may  recall  several  bits  of  Cork  history,  for  there  to  the  right,  at 
but  a  short  distance  from  the  bridge,  stood  Skiddy's  Castle.  Look  at  the  picture  of 
it  in  the  Pacata,  but  you  will  find  but  faint  traces  of  it  about  here.  There  is  a  piece 
of  its  wall  yet  remaining  behind  one  of  the  houses  ;  the  cellars  used  for  storing  gun- 
powder when  it  was  a  Government  magazine  still  remain,  and  part  of  a  chimney- 
stone  of  the  castle  is  built  into  the  house  of  Daly  &  Co.,  nearly  opposite  Adelaide 
Street  and  Skiddy's  Castle  Lane  (where  nobody  lives),  is  yet  in  its  place. 

There  is  no  need  to  describe  the  ancient  North  Gate,  for  you  have  it  before  you  in 
the  picture  of  walled  Cork.  The  modern  structure  was  the  City  Gaol  for  debtors,  and 
it  was  an  imposing  and  high  building  of  red  sandstone,  with  limestone  cornices  and 
window  cases,  but  there  was  no  parapet  to  its  roof,  so  that  people  who  got  into  the  wrong 
impression  that  heads  were  spiked  there  also  must  alter  their  views,  unless  they  refer 
to  the  ancient  gate  at  the  northern  side,  where  heads  were  spiked ;  indeed  they  were 
rather  ticklish  times,  for  they  would  spike  your  head  for  a  less  offence  than  the 
magistrates  at  the  Police  Office  to-day  would  consider  wiped  out  by  "seven  days." 



Council  Member  John  Paul  Dalton  holds  some  old  premises  on  Kyrls  Quay  which  have 
traces  of  the  old  city  walls,  a  cut  stone  from  which  he  has  already  given  a  picture  of  in 
this  Journal.  The  lease  of  the  place  which  he  holds  gives  privileges  "to  the  edge  of 
the  river,"  for  the  ancient  city  walls  were  washed  around  their  whole  extent  by  the 
pleasant  waters  of  the  River  Lee. 

Before  we  leave  North  Gate  Bridge  it  is  as  well  to  give  an  imaginary  look  at  the 
City  Gaol,  with  its  double  row  of  well-barred  windows,  from  which  prisoners  let  down 
an  old  hat  or  a  bag  with  the  pitiful  inscription,  "Please  remember  the  poor  debtors;" 
for  the  authorities  gave  them  no  food,  and  if  their  friends  or  charitable  people  gave 
them  no  relief  they  would  starve,  for  "whitewashing"  and  filing  schedules  were  then 
but  a  dim  future,  and  the  cry  of  the  poor  prisoners  was  often  drowned  by  the  rush  of 
the  flooded  river  through  the  five  arches  of  the  old  bridge.  And  under  the  centre 
archway  of  the  gaol  itself  the  sentry  walked  his  surly  round,  and  the  ready  blow  of  the 
butt  of  the  old-fashioned  musket  made  night  wayfarers  hasten  through  the  smaller 
archway  for  foot  passengers  ;  for  those  were  the  days  of  oil  lamps  or  no  lamps,  of 
Martial  Law  and  stringent  measures,  the  very  mildest  of  which  were  the  "  stocks  "  or  the 
pillory,  or  the  whipping  at  the  tail  of  a  cart  from  the  gaol  door  in  the  North  Main  Street 
to  the  other  gaol  door  in  the  South  Main  Street,  about  an  English  mile  apart.  But  let 
us  be  thankful  that  we  live  in  an  enlightened  age,  when  the  rule  of  a  man's  own 
conduct  will  be  his  safeguard  or  otherwise. 

Turning  round  the  curve  of  Kyrls  Street  into  Corn  Market  Street,  the  site  of  the 
Police  Office  was  the  spot  on  which  the  flanking  tower  stood  whose  cannon  were 
pointed  across  at  its  opposite  neighbour,  Shandon  Castle,  or  Lord  Barry's  Castle, 
for  you  will  see  the  whole  of  the  present  North  Gate  district  was  named  "  Lord  Barry's 
Countrie ;"  but  Lord  Barry  and  his  castle  passed  away,  though  the  material  of  that 
building  remains,  for  our  favourite  but  mad-looking  structure,  Shandon  Steeple,  is 
built  of  it.  It  does  not  matter  if  the  stone  ran  short  and  they  had  to  make  up  the 
deficiency  with  red  sandstone.  The  two  limestone  sides  are  turned  to  the  city  and  to 
visitors,  and  it  does  not  take  one  half  note  from  the  melody  of  its  bells,  which  have 
got  out  of  their  knowledge  from  too  much  praise  from  writers  and  poets,  myself 
included.  But  they  are  welcome  to  the  praise,  for  I  would  not  recall  a  single  word  if 
I  could.  The  river,  in  the  memory  of  several  old  people  still  living,  came  up  as  far  as 
Kyle  Street,  and  formed  the  Coal  Quay  Dock,  but  from  Kyle  Street  southward  the 
place  is  Corn  Market  Street. 

There  are  few  traces  of  antiquity  about  here,  but  the  pillars  of  that  Grecian  edifice 
called  the  Bazaar  Market,  are  the  pillars  of  the  old  Exchange,  a  very  handsome  Dutch- 
style  building,  at  the  corner  of  Castle  Street.  It  was  in  the  way  they  said;  but  here  is 
Castle  Street  itself.  It  was  a  street  of  one  side  only,  when  the  walls  were  up,  for  the 
wall  of  the  dock  formed  its  southern  side,  and  Roche's  Castle  at  the  Main  Street  end, 
and  the  King's  Castle  at  this  end  gave  it  the  name  which  it  still  retains.  But  here,  a 
few  doors  from  Castle  Street,  towards  the  Parade,  stood  the  King's  Castle  at  the 
northern  side  of  the  Water  Gate,  and  the  spot  to  which  I  promised  to  bring  you  back, 
after  going  all  around  the  walls.  I  told  you  little  or  nothing  of  the  interior  of  the 
walled  city,  you  can  read  it  yourself  from  many  sources,  but  the  three  castellated  gates 
and  the  numerous  flanking  towers  have  disappeared,  and  can  only  be  seen  in  pictures. 

Still  you  have  walked  round  the  whole  extent  of  that  little  red  spot  on  the  big 
map,  and  though  you  may  be  tired  of  details  you  cannot  well  complain  of  too  long  a 
journey  "  Round  about  the  Walls  of  Cork." 


jNfotes  on  the  Council  j^ooK  0/  ClonaKilty, 

Now  in  llir  possession  of  the  Rev.  J.  Hume  Townseud,  D.D. 

Collected  by  DOROTHEA  TOWNSHEND. 

/    /      ^  a  colllt  'ie^  ^or  S(^"  burrough  on  Saturday,  the  25th  day  of  July, 
Clou  hnakilt    l^2^'  De'nS  Saint  James'  day,  the  Rt.  Hon^le  James  Earl  of  Barry- 
'  more,  the  Honble  Brigadier  George  Freke,  and  the  Honble  Sr  Percy 
Freke,  bart.,  were  elected  and  chosen  to  be  returned  to  the  lord  of  the  soyle,  in  order 
for  his  appointing  one  of  them  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year  by  the  undernamed  suffrain 
and  burgesses  and  deputy  recorder,  pursuant  to  the  charter. 

Hary  Freke,  Suffrn.,  John  Townesend, 

Robt.  Travers,  Arnold  Gookin, 

Ran.  Warner,  John  Birde. 

Richard  Hungerford,  Dep.  Rec. 

Burrough  of 

The  court  held  for  this  burrough  on  Sunday,  the  18th  day  of  8ber> 
1724,  being  St.  Luke's  day,  Captain  John  Birde,  for  want  of  a  letter  of 
election  from  the  lord  of  the  soyle,  was  unanimously  elected  and 
sworn  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year,  pursuant  to  the  charter,  by  the  undernamed 
suffrain  and  burgesses,  and  had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him. 

Harry  Freke,  Suffrn.,  Robert  Travers, 

Emanuel  Moore,  John  Townesend, 

Richard  Cox,  John  Bourne. 

Emanuel  Moore,  jun*". 

It. is  further  enacted  and  recorded  that  the  above  election  and  swearing  has  been 
made  on  the  Lord  Viscount  Carleton,  lord  of  the  soyle,  not  signifying  his  election  of 
one  of  the  three  nominated  and  returned  to  him  by  the  suffrain  and  burgesses  on 
St.  James'  day,  and  not  out  of  disregard  to  his  lordship's  priviledge,  which  the  suffrain 
and  burgesses  will  always  defend,  together  with  the  rights  and  libertys  of  the  corpora- 
tion, pursuant  to  the  charter  and  to  the  opinion  of  the  recorder,  as  at  the  other  side. 

John  Birde,  Suffr.,  Robert  Travers, 

Emanuel  Moore,  John  Townesend, 

Richd.  Cox.  John  Bourne. 

Emanuel  Moore, 

A  copy  of  Councillor  Bernard's  opinion,  delivered  to  the  court  on  Saint  Luke's  day, 
1724,  no  election  being  signifyed  by  the  lord  of  the  soyle,  I  have  perused  a  copy  of  the 
charter  of  Cloughnakilty,  which  was  layed  before  me  by  Captain  Snowe,  and,  as  the 
charter  is  worded,  I  am  of  opinion  as  followeth,  viz.  : — That  if  the  corporation  hath 
done  its  duty  by  nominating  three  persons  on  Saint  James'  day,  and  presenting  their 
names  to  the  lord  of  the  soyle  in  due  time,  and  his  lordship  has  neglected  to  signify  to 
the  corporation  the  pson.  he  designs  should  be  sworn  suffrain  before  the  day  of 
swearing,  then  in  such  case  there  being  a  neglect  in  the  lord  of  the  soyle,  the  right  of 



election  is,  I  conceive,  devolved  on  the  corporation,  and  they  may  elect  and  sware  in  a 
magistrate  on  St.  Luke's  day.  But  if  the  lord  of  the  soyle  had  nominated,  and  his 
nominee  had  not  appeared  on  St.  Luke's  day  to  be  sworn,  then  the  corporation  would 
not  have  any  right  to  elect  or  swear  in  a  new  suffrain,  because  the  lord  would  not  in 
that  case  have  been  under  any  neglect  ;  but  the  old  suffrain  must  have  continued  till  a 
new  one  had  been  duly  elected  and  sworn  according  to  the  charter. 

8ber  the  16th,  1724.  Francis  Bernard. 

I  am  of  the  same  opinion.    Richard  Cox  copiavera. 

Richard  Hungerford,  Dept.  Record. 

This  Councillor  Bernard  is  probably  Francis,  son  of  Francis  Bernard, 
of  Castlebernard.  He  was  M.P.  for  Clonakilty,  1725-26-60.  He  died 
1793,  s.p.,  having  married  Anne,  only  daughter  of  Henry  Petty,  M.P., 
afterwards  Earl  of  Shelbourne. 

g  j  At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  the  17th  day  of  December, 

rJ     j     ry{   l724i  by  the  undernamed  suffrain,  burgesses,  and  deputy  recorder,  the 
Honble  Captain  David  Barry  was  admitted  and  sworn  a  burgess  of  this 
corporation  in  the  room  of  Mr.  Arnold  Gookin,  deceased,  pursuant  to  the  charter  in 
that  case. 

John  Birde,  Suffrn.,  John  Bourne, 

Richard  Cox,  John  Townesend. 

Jonas  Travers, 

Richard  Hungerford,  Depty.  Record. 

At  a  court  there  held  the  17th  day  of  March,  1724,  by  the  under- 
Chu^hliakiUy  name^  soveraign,  burgesses,  and  deputy  recorder,  Mr.  Samuel  Jervois, 
'  of  Brade,  was  sworn  a  burgess  of  this  corporation  in  the  room  of 
Mr.  Randle  Warner,  deceased,  pursuant  to  the  charter  and  to  the  statute  in  that  case 

At  the  same  court  Mr.  Henry  Owen  and  John  Mead,  junr,  was  sworn  freeman. 
At  the  same  court  Mr.  Horatio  Townesend  and  Mr.  William  Symes  were  sworn 

John  Birde,  Suffrn.,  John  Townesend, 

Emanuel  Moore,  Richard  Cox, 

Percy  Freke,  Hary  Freke, 

John  Bourne,  Richd.  Hungerford, 

John  Meade  may  be  the  first  baronet  of  the  name,  son  of  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  W.  Meade.  Possibly  he  was  son  of  the  Very  Rev.  W.  Mead, 
dean  of  Cork  and  rector  of  Ballymartle,  by  Helena,  daughter  of 
Bryan  Townesend.  He  married  Susanna,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Horatio 
Townesend,  ninth  son  of  Bryan,  and  had  no  children.  Mr.  Horatio 
Townesend,  of  Bridgemount  ;  born  1699  ;  died  1764  ;  high  sheriff  1737  ; 
grandson  of  Cornelius,  eighth  son  of  Colonel  Richard  Townesend.  He 
married  Anne  Richards,  of  Cork,  and  had  one  son,  Cornelius,  who 
died  s.p. 


,    „       At  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  on  Monday,  the  2;th  day  of  Inly. 
/>  It/'/'OM  "  /l  <>1 

Cloughnakilty  I72^'  ^lr  1>ercy  Frel{e»  bart-»  Francis  Bernard,  esqr»  and  Mr.  Samuel 
Jervois  were  nominated  to  be  returned  to  the  lord  of  the  burrough,  in 
order  to  his  lordship's  electing  one  of  the  three  to  serve  as  suffrain  for  the  ensuing 
year  by  the  undernamed  burgesses,  suffrain,  and  deputy  recorder. 

John  Birde  Sul'frn.,  Arthur  Bernard, 

Richard  Cox,  John  Townesend, 

Emanuel  Moore,  Hary  Freke, 

John  Bourne,  Richard  Townesend. 

John  Honner, 

Richard  Hungerford,  Dept.  Reed. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Wednesday,  the  4th  of 
Cloughnakilty  AuSust>  I725>  Ricnard  Cox  escT'  was  elected  and  sworn  burgess  of 
'  this  corporation  in  the  room  of  Capt.  Jonas  Travers  deceased,  by  the 
undernamed  suffrain,  burgesses,  and  deputy  recorder. 

At  the  same  court  Mr.  Abraham  Dickson,  Mr.  Lawrence  Bryan  and  Benjamin 
Boyce  were  admitted  and  sworn  freemen,  as  also  Mr.  William  Coughlan. 

John  Birde,  Suffn.,  John  Bourne, 

Richard  Cox,  Emanuel  Moore  junr., 

Emanuel  Moore,  John  Townesend. 

Richd.  Hungerford,  Dep.  Reed. 

Cou  t    fC  I       At  3  Court  of  record  neld  for  S(J-  burrough  on  Thursday,  the  16th 
Burrough  of  day  of  September,  1725,  pursuant  to  an  order  directed  to  us  by  John 
Cloughnakilty.  Colethurst  esqr»  high  sheriff  of  said  county,  grounded  on  his  Majestie's 
suit  of  sumons  bearing  test  the  eleventh  day  September  instant 
requiring  us  to  elect  a  discreet  burgess  to  serve  in  his  Majestie's  present  parliament  to 
meet  in  Dublin  the  twenty-first  instant.    Now  we,  the  suffrain  burgesses  and  freemen 
have  elected  and  chosen  Francis  Bernard  junr.  esqr>  jointly  with  Brigadier  George 
Freke,  to  represent  this  corporation  in  said  parliament  by  a  great  majoritie  of  votes. 

Freemen  : 

Henry  Jones,  John  Birde,  Suffrain, 

John  Bateman,  David  Barry, 

Henry  Alleyne,  Emanuel  Moore, 

Stephen  Jermyn,  John  Bourne, 

Robert  Morley,  Robert  Travers, 

William  Stone.  Arth.  Bernard, 

Richard  Townesend, 
Samuel  Jervois, 
Hary  Freke, 
Richard  Hungerford,  Dep.  Record. 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  Monday,  the  10th  8t>er,  1725,  the 
urroug   oj   j^pnbie  £apt  Davicl  Barry,  on  the  lord  of  the  soyles  not  making  his 
election  of  one  of  the  three  returned  to  him  by  the  corporation  on 
Saint  James'  day,  was  unanimously  elected  and  sworn  to  be  the  suffrain  for  the 



ensuing  year,  pursuant  to  the  charter,  and  had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to 

John  Birde,  Suffrn.,  Samuel  Jervois, 

Richard  Cox,  Emanuel  Moore, 

John  Bourne,  Arthur  Bernard, 

Robt.  Travers,  Hary  Freke, 

John  Townesend,  Richard  Cox. 

Richard  Hungerford,  Dept.  Recorder. 

At  a  court  of  record  held  for  the  burrough  on  Monday,  the  25th  of 
urroug  1  oj   jujyf  1726,  the  Honourable  George  Wandesford,  Capt.  Charles  Gookin, 
and  Richard  Cox,  esqr>  were  nominated  by  the  suffrain  and  burgesses 
to  be  returned  to  the  lord  of  the  soyle,  in  order  for  his  lordship  to  elect  one  of  them 
to  serve  as  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year,  pursuant  to  the  charter. 

David  Barry,  Suffrn.,  John  Townesend, 

Richard  Cox,  Richard  Townesend, 

Emanuel  Moore,  John  Bourne. 

Emanuel  Moore,  junr. 

Richard  Hungerford,  Dep.  Recr. 

At  the  same  court  Willm.  Blair  esq1".  Thos.  Crooke  esqr>  Mr.  James  and  John  Cox 
as  also  Mr.  Gilbert  Mellifont,  were  admitted  and  sworn  to  be  freemen. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Saturday  the  13th  of 
Burrough  of  ^UgUSt  ^v  ^e  undernamed  suffrain  burgesses  and  deputy 

recorder,  Roger  Bernard  esqr  freeman  was  elected  and  sworn  a 
burgess  of  this  burrough  in  the  room  of  Michael  Becher  esq1"  deceased  pursuant  to  the 
statute.  At  the  same  court  the  Reverend  Jemmett  Brown  the  Reverend  Henry  Clarke 
Mr.  William  Conner  Mr.  Henry  Wallis  Mr.  John  Coughlan  and  Mr.  Lavers  Alleyane 
were  admitted  and  sworn  freemen. 

David  Barry  Suffn.  Emanuel  Moore 

Richard  Cox  Harry  Freke 

Emanuel  Moore  Robt:  Travers 

Arth:  Bernard  Saml  Jervois 

Francis  Bernard  Rob:  Travers 

Joseph  Jervois 

Richd.  Hungerford  Dept.  Rec. 

The  Rev.  Jemmett  Browne,  born  1702,  was  son  and  heir  of  Edward 
Browne,  of  Riverstown,  merchant  of  Cork,  by  Judith,  daughter  and  heir 
of  Warham  Jemmett,  collector  of  the  port  of  Cork.  He  was  made  free- 
man of  Cork  in  1728,  dean  of  Ross  1733,  bishop  of  Killaloe  1743,  bishop 
of  Cork  1745,  archbishop  of  Tuam  1778  ;  died  1782,  and  was  buried 
in  the  cathedral  of  Cork  in  the  tomb  of  Colonel  Pigot.  His  remains, 
with  those  of  other  bishops,  were  removed  by  Dr.  Caulneld  to  new 

Mr.  William  Connor,  M.P.  for  Bandon,  son  of  Daniel  Connor, 
merchant,  of  Bandon,  who  purchased  estates  at  Manch.    He  married, 



1727,  Anne,  daughter  of  Roger  Bernard,  of  Palace  Anne,  and  had  Roger 
and  William. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  burrough  on  Monday  the  15th  day  of 
August  1726  the  undernamed  suffrain,  burgesses  and  deputy  record. 

Burrough  of 

John  Towncsend  esq1'  council-at-law  was  elected  and  chosen  burgess 
of  this  corporation  in  the  room  of  Robert  Gillman  esqr  deceased  pursuant  to  the 

David  Barry  Sovern.  Arth  :  Bernard 

Richard  Cox  Hary  Freke 

Emanuel  Moor  Robt:  Travers 

Richard  Townesend  Rob.  Travers 

Samuel  Jervois  Francis  Bernard 

Richard  Cox  Emanuel  Moore 

John  Birde  Roger  Bernard 
Joseph  Jervois 

Richd.  Hungerford  Dep.  Rec. 

It  is  not  easy  to  identify  this  John  Townesend,  as  he  may  have  been 
John  Townesend  of  Skirtagh,  born  1691,  third  son  of  Bryan,  or  John  of 
Courtmacsherry,  son  of  the  above  John,  or  John,  born  1698,  grandson  of 
Cornelius  Townesend,  eighth  son  of  Colonel  Townesend. 

Burrough  of 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Tuesday  the  18th  of  8ber 
1726  being  St.  Luke's  day  and  the  day  appointed  by  the  charter  for 
swearing  a  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year,  a  letter  was  produced  and 
signed  Andrew  Crotty,  signifying  that  the  Lord  of  the  Burrough  elected  Richard  Cox  to 
be  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year,  and  the  Lord  not  sending  the  letter,  and  the  said  Cox 
not  appearing  the  Honoble  David  Barry  was  unanimously  re-elected  and  sworn  suffrain 
for  the  year  ensuing  and  had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him  by  the  under- 
nam'd  burgesses  and  deputy  recorder. 

Arthur  Bernard  Richard  Townesend 

Emanuel  Moore  Saml.  Jervois 

Hary  Freke  John  Townsend 

Richd.  Hungerford  Dep.  Rec. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  the  9th  of  9ber  1726  by  the 
Clou^hnakilt    ^on°ble  David  Barry  suffraine  and  Richard  Hungerford  genl.  deputy 
'  recorder  Mr.  Thomas  Blennerhasset  was  admitted  and  sworn  freeman. 

David  Barry  Suffr. 

Richd.  Hungerford  Dep.  Rec. 

„  ,    ,       At  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  on  Wednesday  the  5th  of  April 

Burrough  of 

CI  h'lt    l729  kv  the  undernamed  suffrain  burgesses  and  deputy  recorder 

'  Mr.  Cornelius  Townesend  was  admitted  and  sworn  a  burgess  of  the 
said  corporation  in  the  roome  of  Emanuel  Moore  esqr  deceased  pursuant  to  the  statute 



and  charter.  At  the  same  court  Mr.  Richard  Goodman  and  Mr.  Nicholas  George  were 
sworn  freemen. 

John  Townesend  Richard  Cox 

Richard  Townesend  John  Townesend 

Samuel  Jervois 

(This  entry  seems  to  have  been  misplaced). 

_  At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Wednesday  the  19th  of 

Buwou&h  of 

Cloughnakilty  1^2^        ^e  undernamed  suffrain,  burgesses  and  deputy  recorder 
'  Mr.  James  Cox  was  Unanimously  elected  and  sworn  burgess  of  this 
corporation  in  room  of  John  Birde  esqr  deceased  pursuant  to  the  statute. 

At  the  same  court  Joseph  Jervois  esq1-  one  of  the  burgesses  of  this  burrough  came 
into  court,  who  by  reason  of  his  age  and  infirmity  desir'd  to  be  discharg'd  out  of  the 
fellowship  of  the  burgesses  of  this  corporation  and  was  by  the  consent  of  the  under- 
named suffrain  and  burgesses  disfranchised  out  of  the  same  and  the  Honoble  Sir 
Richard  Meade  bart.  unanimously  sworn  burgess  in  his  place. 

David  Barry  Suff.  Samuel  Jervois 

Emanuel  Moore  Hary  Freke 

Richard  Cox  John  Townesend 

Robt  Travers  John  Honner 

Cornelius  Townesend  Richd.  Cox 

Richard  Townesend  John  Bowrne 
Arthur  Bernard 

Richd.  Hungerford,  Recorder. 

At  the  same  court  the  Revd  Mr.  William  Meade,  Coletrop  Mead  esqr  and  Mr. 
Robert  Goold  were  admitted  and  sworn  freemen  of  the  corporation. 

Probably  the  Very  Rev.  William  Mead,  dean  of  Cork  and  rector  of 
Ballymartle,  son  of  Robert  Meade  and  Frances,  daughter  of  Sir  P. 
Courthope.  He  married  Helena,  daughter  of  Bryan  Townesend,  and 
had  a  son,  the  Rev.  W.  Meade.  Coletrop  is  clearly  a  mistake  for 

At  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  on  Tuesday  the  25th  day  of  July 
Cloughnakilt >  l^2^  ^eing  Saint  James'  day  and  the  day  for  nominating  three  of  the 
J '  burgesses  to  be  returned  to  the  lord  of  the  soyle  in  order  for  his  lord- 
ships electing  one  of  the  three  to  serve  as  suffrain  for  the  ensuing  year,  Richard 
Cox  esqr  Cornelius  Townesend  esqr  and  James  Cox  were  nominated  to  be  return'd 
to  the  lord  of  the  soyle  pursuant  to  the  charter  by  the  undernam'd  soveraigne  burgesses 
and  deputy  recorder. 

David  Barry  Suffrn.  John  Bowrne 

Emanuel  Moore  Rog.  Bernard 

Robert  Travers  Hary  Freke 

Richard  Cox  James  Cox 

Cor.  Townesend  Saml.  Jervois 

Richard  Hungerford  Dept.  Recorder. 

{To  be  continued.) 


Cork  jM/p's.,  1559-1800. 

Being  a  Biographical  Dictionary  of  the  Members  oe  Parliament  for  the 
City,  the  County,  and  the  Boroughs  of  the  County  of  Cork,  from  the 
earliest  returns  to  the  Union. 

By  C  M.  TENISON,  B.L.,  M.R.I.A. 

[Fomfreide  (or  Pomfret),  John. 

M.P.  Cork  City,  1380. 

Mayor  of  Cork,  1386.  Was  one  of  those  summoned  by  Colton,  the  Chancellor,  to  meet 
at  St.  Peter's  Church,  Cork,  upon  the  death,  at  the  house  of  the  Friars  Preachers,  on 
26th  December,  1380,  of  Edward  Earl  of  March  and  Ulster,  for  the  purpose  of  choosing 
a  Lord  Justice.  The  "  Prelates,  Peers,  and  Commons"  were  summoned,  and  Colton 
was  chosen.   See  Lawelyn,  Thomas ;  Roche,  David FitzThomas ;  and  Staunton,  Miles.'] 

Fonsonby,  Richard,  of  Crotto,  Kerry. 

M.P.  Kinsale,  1731-60. 

Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Ponsonby,  of  Crotto  (who  was  son  of  Henry  Ponsonby,  a 
Cromwellian  soldier,  who  got  Crotto  and  Stackstown,  county  Kerry,  assigned  him,  and 
whose  brother  was  ancestor  to  the  Lords  Bessborough),  by  Susannah,  daughter  of 
Samuel  Grice,  of  county  Limerick. 

He  was  ll.d.  {lion,  can.),  t.c.d.,  1754.  He  petitioned  against  the  return  of  Gervais 
Parker  {q.v.)  for  Kinsale,  and  obtained  the  seat. 

He  married  Helen,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Meade,  bart.,  and  d.s.p. 

Fonsonby,  William  (Brabazon),  afterwards  Lord  Ponsonby. 

M.P.  Cork  City,  1764-68;  1769-75;  Bandon,  1775-83. 

Eldest  son  of  the  Right  Hon.  John  Ponsonby,  m.p.,  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Commons 
(I.),  by  Lady  Elizabeth  Cavendish,  daughter  of  third  Duke  of  Devonshire ;  and  grandson 
of  first  Earl  of  Bessborough. 

He  was  born  15th  September,  1744;  M.P.  also  for  county  Kilkenny,  1783-90; 
1790-97;  1798-1800;  and  (in  the  Imperial  Parliament)  1800-1806.  Joint  postmaster- 
general,  1784  and  1789.    Created  Baron  Ponsonby,  1806. 

He  married,  25th  December,  1769,  Hon.  Louisa  Molesworth,  daughter  of  third 
Viscount  Molesworth  (she  re-married  Earl  Fitzwilliam,  and  died  1824).  He  died 
5th  November,  1806,  leaving  issue.    Male  line  and  peerage  extinct. 

Fonsonby,  William  (afterwards  Sir  William). 

M.P.  Bandon,  1796-97. 

Second  son  of  William  Ponsonby,  m.p.  {q.v.),  first  Lord  Ponsonby.  He  was  M.P.  also 
for  Fethard,  1798-1800,  and  (in  the  Imperial  Parliament)  for  Londonderry,  1812-15; 
k.c.b.  ;  lieutenant-colonel  5th  Dragoons,  and  a  major-general.    He  fell  at  Waterloo. 

He  married,  20th  January,  1807,  Hon.  Georgina  Fitzroy,  daughter  of  first  Lord 
Southampton,  and  had  issue.    His  eldest  son  became  third  Lord  Ponsonby  (extinct). 

Fooley,  Robert,  of  Dublin. 

M.P.  Castlemartyr,  1692;  1695-99. 

Younger  son  of  Thomas  Pooley,  m.p.  {q.v.)  He  and  Sir  Richard  Hull  {q.v.)  were  the 
first  two  members  for  the  borough  of  Castlemartyr,  which  was  incorporated  28th  July, 
1674.    He  was  a  commissioner  of  the  Excise,  and  died  unmarried. 



Fooley,  Thomas. 

M.P.  Mallow,  1661. 

Probably  son  of  Lieutenant  Thomas  Pooley,  an  officer  in  Sir  Adam  Loftus'  troop,  and 
"  now  (1642)  at  garrison  in  Dundalk  under  Captain  Cadogan." 

He  married,  before  1657,  Mary  Southwell  (she  was  living  1675),  and  had  issue. 
His  three  daughters,  viz.: — Catherine  married  first,  Daniel  Molyneaux,  and  secondly, 
Rev.  William  Campbell,  who  died  1750;  Elizabeth  married  Mr.  Baskerville ;  and 
Frances  married  Sir  Richard  Hull  {q.v.)  His  sons  were: — Thomas,  M.P.  for  New- 
castle, and  died  after  1722;  Neville,  who  married  Mary  Jervoise,  of  Dublin,  and  died 
after  1675  ;  John,  afterwards  bishop  of  Raphoe;  Giles,  m.a.  ;  and  Robert,  m.p  {q.v.) 

Fortyngall,  John. 

M.P.  Youghal,  1559. 

Mayor  (qy.)  of  Youghal,  1651,  and  again,  1572,  The  family  (originally  presumably 
from  Portugal)  was  a  prominent  one  in  the  town  for  many  generations. 

Powell,  Ed  mo  ncl, 

M.P.  Rathcormick  in  James  II. 's  Parliament,  1689 

Power,  John,  of  Kilbelone. 

M.P.  Charleville  in  James  II. 's  Parliament,  1689. 

Son  of  David  Power,  of  Kilbelone,  a  '49  officer,  who  was  "forfeited"  by  Cromwell, 
but  restored  by  Charles  II.  He  was  one  of  the  assessors  for  county  Cork  for 
James  II. 's  "  Tax  on  Personal  Estates  in  Ireland  for  the  benefit  of  Trade  and 
Commerce."    He  became  a  lieutenant-colonel  in  the  service  of  France. 

Prittie,  Francis  Aldborough. 

M.P.  Doneraile,  1800. 

Second  son  of  first  Lord  Dunalley,  by  Catherine,  daughter  of  Francis  Sadleir,  of 
Sopwell,  and  widow  of  John  Barry.  He  was  born  4th  June,  1779;  married  first, 
10th  September,  1800,  Martha,  only  daughter  of  Cooke  Otway,  and  widow  of  George 
Hartpole  (she  died  1802,  having  had  a  daughter)  ;  he  married  secondly,  1803, 
Elizabeth,  only  daughter  of  Right  Hon.  George  Ponsonby,  and  had  three  sons  (the 
eldest  of  whom  succeeded  as  third  Lord  Dunalley),  and  two  daughters. 
He  was  M.P.  also  for  Carlow,  1801  ;  Tipperary,  1806-31. 

Frendergast,  Thomas,  of  Kildare  Street,  Dublin. 

M.P.  Castlemartyr,  1796-97;  Clonakilty,  1797-1800. 

Son  of  Thomas  Prendergast  by  Jane,  daughter  of  Samuel  Gordon,  and  descended  from 
a  family  long  settled  at  Newcastle,  county  Tipperary,  in  which  there  was  a  baronetcy, 
now  extinct. 

He  was  called  to  the  bar,  1787  ;  a  commissioner  of  Bankruptcy. 

He  married  Charlotte,  daughter  of  Charles  O'Neill,  m.p.  {q.v.),  and  had  issue. 

Price,  Cromwell. 

M.P.  Kinsale,  1783-90. 

Probably  son  of  Nicholas  Price,  m.p.,  of  Saintfield,  county  Down,  by  his  second  wife, 
Maria,  daughter  of  Colonel  Alexander  MacKenzie  ;  and  nephew  of  Cromwell  Price, 
m.p.,  Downpatrick,  1727. 

Was  M.P.  also  for  Monaghan  borough,  1790-97;  Fore,  county  Westmeath,  1798. 
He  died  before  1 800. 



Purdon,  Bartholomew,  of  Ballyclough. 

M.P,  Mallow,  1703-13;  Doneraile,  1713-14;  Castlcmartyr,  1715-27; 
1727  till  his  decease  in  1737. 

Eldest  son  of  Bartholomew  Purdon,  by  Alicia,  daughter  of  Major-General  John  Jcphson, 
of  Mallow,  m.p.  (q.v.),  and  grandson  of  Sir  Nicholas  Ptirdoji,  m.p.  (q.v.) 

He  was  born  about  1675;  high  sheriff,  Cork,  1708;  married  Anne,  daughter  of 
Colonel  Chidley  Coote,  and  had  issue  an  only  daughter.  He  died  19th  July,  1737,  and 
the  inscription  on  his  tomb  says  : — "  He  was  justice  of  the  peace,  member  of  parlia- 
ment, and  lieutenant  of  the  county  thirty-nine  years,  during  which  time  he  strictly 
observed  justice,  faithfully  served  his  king,  and  was  a  patriot  to  his  country." 

Purdon,  Henry,  of  Cork. 

M.P.  Charleville,  1721-27. 

Son  of  Adam  Purdon,  by  Mary  Clayton,  of  Mallow,  and  grandson  of  Sir  Nicholas 
Purdon,  m.p.  (q.v.),  and  cousin  of  above. 

He  was  a  major  in  the  army.  He  married  a  daughter  of  Henry  Bowerma?t,  of 
Coolyne,  m.p.  {q.v.),  and  d.s.p. 

Purdon,  Sir  Nicholas,  of  Ballyclough. 

M.P.  Baltimore,  1661. 

Fifth  son  of  John  Purdon,  of  Tullagh,  county  Clare,  by  Eleanor,  daughter  of  Sir  John 
Fleming,  and  niece  of  Lord  Slane. 

He  was  knighted  1660-1,  by  the  Lords  Justices.  He  married  Ellis,  daughter  of 
Henry  Stephens,  of  Broghill,  county  Cork,  and  had  issue,  Bartholomew  Purdon, 
m.p.  (q.v.) 

He  died  1678.    (See  Caulfield's  Cork  Municipal  Records,  p.  11 57). 

Read,  John,  of  Coolnelonge. 

M.P.  Bandon,  1661. 

Richardson,  Edward,  of  Mooretown,  als.  Castlemore,  gent. 

M.P.  Baltimore,  1692  ;  1695-99. 

Was,  I  believe,  an  attorney  in  Cork.  He  received  £$  from  the  corporation  in  17 10  for 
his  services  to  the  city  "  touching  the  prohibition  of  corn  ;"  and  again,  a  little  later,  he 
received  five  guineas,  "  besides  what  he  laid  out  in  feeing  counsel." 

Biggs,  Edward,  of  Riggsdale. 

M.P.  Bandon,  1692;  1695-99;  Baltimore,  1703-13. 

Was  one  of  the  trustees  for  the  disbursement  of  the  fund  levied  for  the  relief  of  the 
inhabitants  of  Bandon  in  1691,  under  the  Act  providing  for  a  levy  on  each  county  in 
Munster  ;  free  of  Cork,  1691  ;  was  indicted  for  high  treason  by  one  Major  Lawless,  in 
1684,  "  for  saying  that  he  (Riggs)  had  a  good  estate  in  England,  and  that  if  he  could 
not  live  quietly  in  Ireland  he  would  go  thither !"  As  a  matter  of  fact  he  did  go  thither 
in  1689,  he  and  his  wife  and  five  children.  His  income  was  then  ^800  a  year,  "  besides 
^120  arising  out  of  offices." 

Was  M.P.  also  for  Bangor,  county  Down,  1715-27. 

[Roche,  David  FltzThomas,  knt. 

M.P.  Cork  County,  1380. 

See  under  Pomf?reide,  John.] 



Hoehe,  Alderman  Doininick,  of  Cork. 

M.P.  Cork  County,  1639. 

Son  of  William  Roche,  of  Cork. 

Was  apparently  a  contractor;  lent  the  corporation  ^10  in  1624  to  help  it  out  of 
some  financial  difficulty;  built  the  market  house  in  New  Street,  1630;  undertook  a 
contract  to  build  certain  bridges  in  the  city  in  1633,  which  resulted  in  a  loss  of  ^200, 
for  which  the  corporation  indemnified  him  by  allowing  him  the  customs  of  the  port 
for  one  year.  Unlike  his  predecessors,  Dominick  Coppinger  and  Sir  William  Sarsfield 
(q.v.),  he  did  not  forego  his  payment  as  Member  of  Parliament,  for  on  20th  of  August, 
1 641,  he  gave  a  receipt  for  the  sums  paid  him  "  towards  the  allowance  granted  unto  me 
by  the  corporation  of  Cork,  being  employed  as  one  of  the  burgesses  of  parliament, 
at  the  rate  of  7s.  6d.  per  diem,  viz.  : — 232  days  for  the  third,  fourth,  and  fifth  sessions 
of  said  parliament,  the  sum  of  £Sy  sterling,"  etc.,  etc.  He  was  probably  the  Alderman 
Dominick  Roche,  the  first  whiskey  distiller  in  Cork  of  whom  we  have  express  mention. 
His  "  maulte-house,"  adjoining  his  garden  is  (says  Windele)  mentioned  in  the  Roche 
MSS.  in  1618 ;  and  elsewhere  it  is  stated  that,  at  his  death,  he  left  "  a  barrel  and  a-half 
of  aqua  vita,  worth  £1$  sterling ;  thirty  barrels  of  maulte,  worth  twenty  shillings  the 
barrel ;  also,  one  great  kettle  for  brewing,  one  aqua  vitce  pot,  and  one  brass  pan." 

He  was  mayor  of  Cork  1609,  being  the  first  to  hold  that  office  under  the  new  charter 
of  James  I.  (There  were,  at  least,  two  other  persons  named  Dominick  Roche  con- 
nected at  this  time  with  the  corporation — one,  a  son  of  John  Roche,  and  one,  a  son  of 

{See  Smith's  Cork,  i.  420,  and  Windele's  South  of  Ireland,  pp.  29  and  102), 

Roche,  Dominick,  of  Kinsale. 

M.P.  Kinsale,  1613. 
Son  of  Richard  Roche,  of  Kinsale.    Free  of  Cork  city,  13th  October,  1642. 

Roche,  James,  of  Kinsale. 

M.P.  Kinsale,  16 13. 

Son  of- Philip  Roche,  of  Kinsale,  m.p.  {q.v.)  Was  a  merchant  trading  with  France, 
whither  he  went  in  1603  "about  his  merchandise."' 

Roche,  James,  of  Kinsale. 

M.P.  Kinsale,  1634. 
(Probably  the  same  as  the  foregoing). 

Roche,  Patrick,  of  Kinsale. 

M.P.  Kinsale,  1639. 

Second  son  of  Richard  Roche,  of  Powlenelong,  ("  sovereign  "  of  Kinsale  and  J.P.,  and 
"  descended  from  the  house  of  Fermoy  "),  by  his  second  wife,  Jennet,  daughter  of 
Patrick  Gould,  of  Cork.  His  castle  of  Powlenelong  (Shippool),  was  besieged  by  Captain 
Adderley  in  1642,  and  one  hundred  "rebels"  slain.  He  suffered  forfeiture  under 
Cromwell;  was  in  rebellion,  and  was  outlawed  in  1641. 

He  married  Katherine,  daughter  of  Thomas  Sarsfield,  of  Cork. 

Roche,  Philip,  of  Kinsale. 

M.P.  Kinsale,  1585. 

Probably  son  of  Philip  Roche,  of  Kinsale,  and  descended  from  the  old  Lords  Fermoy. 
He  was  fined  £$0  in  1606  for  not  attending  divine  service  according  to  the  reformed 

(  To  be  continued). 


Conversazione  of  the  CorK  historical  &  Archaeological 
Society  &  Cork  jNaturalists  field  Club. 

N  ioth  March  a  conversazione  was  held  in  the  ballroom  of  the  Imperial 
Hotel  under  the  joint  auspices  of  the  Cork  Historical  and  Archaeological 
Society  and  the  Cork  Naturalists'  Field  Club.  Both  these  organizations, 
working  in  some  respects  on  parallel  lines,  are  accomplishing  an  impor- 
tant work  in  the  south  of  Ireland,  and  their  union  on  the  present  occasion 
was  appropriate  and  happy.  The  ballroom  was  decorated  with  much  taste,  and  supplied 
with  perfect  electric  illumination  by  Mr.  Percival.  A  short  musical  programme  gave 
additional  charm  to  the  proceedings. 

In  opening  the  conversazione,  Mr.  Robert  Day,  J.P.,  F.S.A.,  said  by  the  very  merest 
accident  of  birth  his  name  had  been  placed  first  upon  the  programme,  and  that  because 
the  society  over  which  he  had  the  honour  to  preside  was  a  little  older  than  its  twin  sister 
the  Field  Club.  He  took  no  credit  whatever  to  himself  for  the  happy  union  of  that 
evening,  as  he  was  away  from  Cork  when  all  the  arrangements  were  made,  and  when 
the  idea  was  commenced  by  Mr.  Copeman.  On  his  having  informed  him  of  what  had 
been  done  his  only  regret  was  that  the  conversazione  could  not  have  been  continued 
upon  a  second  day,  so  that  a  larger  number  of  the  country  members  of  both  societies 
would  have  been  afforded  an  opportunity  of  seeing  the  various  collections  which  had 
been  so  generously  lent  for  the  occasion.  In  Belfast  a  Field  Club  had  flourished  for 
a  quarter  of  a  century.  He  was  a  member  of  it  for  quite  that  period,  and  he  alluded 
to  it  because  it  embraced  from  its  inception  archaeology  and  the  study  of  Irish  antiquities. 
It  held  its  annual  conversaziones,  at  many  of  which  he  had  been  present,  and  it  gave 
him  pleasure  to  testify  that  the  Field  Club  of  Belfast  had  done  more  for  the  practical 
study  of  the  archaeology  of  the  north  of  Ireland  than  any  other  kindred  society  in  the 
kingdom.  He  well  remembered  when  the  flint  flake  knife  and  scraper  were  unknown 
in  Antrim,  until  they  were  sought  for  and  gathered  by  a  few  of  its  members,  foremost 
among  whom  was  their  old  townsman,  Mr.  William  Gray,  who  had  done  more  pioneer 
work  for  his  adopted  province  than  perhaps  any  other  man  in  it.  The  section  which 
was  developed  by  the  antiquaries  grew  and  flourished.  In  Antrim,  the  home  of  the 
flint,  a  county  of  many  lakes  and  upland  plains  and  hills,  and  within  sight  of  Scotland, 
there  must  have  been  in  pre-historic  and  early  Christian  times  a  larger  and  more  thickly- 
populated  district  than  perhaps  in  any  other  part  of  Ireland.  This  was  evidenced  by  the 
vast  number  of  stone  implements  and  weapons,  flints  and  arrows,  spears  and  tools,  with 
those  of  more  recent  Celtic  bronze,  which  occurred  there.  Prior  to  the  foundation  of  the 
Field  Club  all  these,  with  few  exceptions,  were  either  unheeded,  thrown  away,  or  sold 
to  dealers  and  such  like,  and  were  thus  lost  to  the  country.  Among  the  outside  col- 
lectors he  had  done  his  share,  and  continued  to  do  so  until  the  members  of  the  club 
woke  up  and  in  their  turn  became  collectors,  and  so  his  occupation  in  the  hunting 
grounds  of  Antrim,  Down,  and  Derry  came  to  an  end.  What  that  club  had  done  for 
the  north  their  dual  clubs  should  do  for  the  south.  He  feared  that  the  name  and 
claims  of  the  Archaeological  Society  were  not  so  attractive  to  the  general  public  as  were 
those  of  the  Naturalists'  Field  Club.  He  knew  a  little  of  the  enjoyment  of  the  naturalist, 
the  pleasures  of  the  botanist,  the  patient  study  of  the  student  of  geology,  and  the 



fascination  and  delight  that  centred  in  the  revelations  of  the  microscope  ;  but  he  could 
claim  for  the  so-called  dry  subject  of  antiquities  that  the  objects  embraced  by  it  were 
quite  as  varied  and  equally  enjoyable.  In  it  they  saw  the  study  of  the  past  in  the 
ornaments,  dress,  and  weapons,  which  had  been  entomed  for  centuries ;  the  flint  and 
stone  remains  which  carried  them  back  to  pre-historic  times  ;  the  megalithic  monument 
that  marked  the  dawn  of  history;  the  coin  cabinet  that  contained  so  many  marvellous 
histories  of  individuals  and  countries  ;  the  illuminated  manuscripts  that  take  us  back 
to  the  cultured  and  patient  love-labour  of  the  cloister  ;  the  engraved  gem  of  the  advanced 
civilisation  of  Greece  and  Rome,  and  of  the  earlier  engravers,  the  work  of  Egypt  and 
Babylon  ;  the  mediaeval  seal  and  the  finger  ring  in  all  its  varieties  of  character.  He 
trusted  that  the  conversazione  would  be  the  forerunner  of  similar  yearly  gatherings,  and 
that  the  Cork  Historical  and  Archoeological  Society  and  the  Cork  Naturalists'  Field 
Club  might  travel  hand-in-hand  together  for  many  years  to  come.  He  would  now  make 
way  for  one  who  was  a  master  in  the  domain  of  science  and  natural  history,  Mr. 
William  H.  Shaw,  president  of  the  Cork  Field  Club. 

Mr.  W.  H.  Shaw,  M.E.,  j.p.,  briefly  addressed  those  present,  and  explained  the  objects 
of  the  Cork  Naturalists'  Field  Club,  which  were  merely  to  give  lovers  of  all  sorts  of 
natural  sciences  an  opportunity  of  combining  together,  in  the  summer  searching  for 
objects  of  interest  in  the  country,  and  in  the  winter  of  comparing  the  objects  which  had 
been  found,  and  of  promoting  lectures  upon  subjects  connected  with  their  research. 
The  club  was  formed  about  four  years  ago,  chiefly  owing  to  a  lecture  that  was  given 
by  Mr.  Copeman,  their  indefatigable  secretary.  The  club  also  owed  a  great  deal  to 
two  others,  whose  enthusiasm  for  natural  sciences  and  perfect  knowledge  of  many 
kindred  subjects  had  done  more  to  develop  the  club  than  anything  else.  He  alluded 
to  Professor  Hartog  and  Miss  Martin.  They  had  in  the  south  of  Ireland  a  magnificent 
field  for  research,  and  he  might  say  that  intending  members  would  not  have  to  face  any 
such  thing  as  a  matriculation  examination. 

Professor  Cole,  f.g.s.,  president  Dublin  Naturalists'  Field  Club,  also  spoke  in  a 
most  interesting  style  on  the  motives  and  aims  of  the  Field  Club,  after  which  the 
conversazione  was  declared  open. 

The  display  of  exhibits  was  of  an  extensive  and  comprehensive  character,  and 
illustrated  to  a  large  degree  the  scope  and  resources  of  the  joint  societies  associated 
with  the  conversazione.  Both  the  Cork  Historical  and  Archaeological  Society,  and  the 
Cork  Naturalists'  Field  Club  were  represented  by  many  exhibitors,  whose  specimens 
drawn  from  nature  and  art,  were  antique,  rare,  or  costly.  Mr.  Robert  Day,  f.s.a.,  without 
whom  no  exhibitions  of  the  class  would  be  complete,  showed  the  flags  of  the  Cork 
Volunteers,  with  the  medals  and  regimental  decorations  of  the  First  Volunteers  of  1782 
and  1796,  and  many  other  curiosities.  He  was  only  represented  by  a  fraction  of  his 
well-known  collection,  but  the  selections  were  very  interesting.  There  were  flags  of 
the  Cork  Volunteers  and  Yeomanry  decorations.  Among  the  Volunteer  decorations 
were  the  C.B.  gold  star,  and  cross  and  gold  medal  for  Java,  given  to  Lieutenant-Colonel 
James  Watson,  of  the  1st  Battalion  14th  Regiment,  who  led  the  storming  party  at 
Java  ;  gold  medal  for  Salamanca  ;  gold  medal  for  the  Egyptian  campaign  of  1801,  given 
by  the  Sultan  to  Robert  Fulton,  who  commanded  the  79th  Highlanders.  A  unique 
exhibit  was  the  standard  of  the  Old  Blackpool  Horse  of  1790,  which  is  in  a  wonderful 
state  of  preservation.  There  were  also  to  be  seen  in  Mr.  Day's  collection  a  fine  show 
of  early  bronze  and  gold  Celtic  ornaments.  A  rare  exhibit  were  the  chalices  of  the 
Franciscan  and  Dominican  Fathers.  These  articles,  all  consecrated,  were  enclosed  in 
a  glass  case,  and  some  are  of  almost  priceless  value.  They  included  a  ciborium,  silver- 
gilt,  date  1614;  chalices,  silver-gilt,  dates  1610,  161 1,  1632,  1639,  1741,  etc.,  from  the 


Abbeys  of  Shandon,  Timoleague,  Youghal,  Buttevant,  and  Ardfcrt ;  a  silver  monstrance 
of  the  Convent  of  St.  Francis,  Cork,  1789,  with  the  Cork  Goldsmiths  mark,  "sterling." 
Some  of  the  chalices  were  of  Cork  work,  and  others  of  Spanish  make.  Mr.  W.  K. 
Atkins  showed  a  curious  bassoon,  or  contra  fayotto,  standing  eight  feet  high.  It  was 
made  for  Handel  in  the  year  1739  by  Stanesby,  junr.,  London.  It  was  first  played 
upon  in  Handel's  orchestra  at  the  Marylebone  Gardens  on  the  6th  August,  1739,  DY 

F.  J.  Lange,  and  afterwards  used  at  the  commemoration  festival  in  1784  by  John 
Ashby,  in  Westminster  Abbey.  Amongst  other  interesting  exhibits  made  were  those 
of  Mr.  Greenwood  Pirn,  m.a.,  Dublin,  who  showed  photographs  of  the  Book  of  Kelts 
taken  by  himself.  Professor  G.  A.  J.  Cole,  f.g.s.,  president  Dublin  N.  F.  C,  phyolitic 
lavas,  including  natural  glass  from  the  volcano  of  Tardree,  county  Antrim,  and 
enlarged  photographs  of  features  of  the  Higher  Alps,  illustrating  phenomena  of  glacial 
areas,  by  the  late  W.  F.  Doiikin  (lent  from  the  Geological  Laboratory,  Royal  College 
of  Science  for  Ireland).  Professor  T.  Johnson,,  Dublin  N.  F.  C,  sent  Alpine 
flowers,  prepared  by  Lady  Rachel  Saunderson ;  coloured  drawings  of  freshwater  algae, 
by  M.  C.  Cook  ;  rare  Irish  seaweeds,  all  exquisite  specimens  of  their  class.  Mr.  G.  H. 
Carpenter,,  Dublin  N.  F.  C,  set  of  Irish  moths,  illustrating  variation,  and  insects, 
illustrating  protective  coloration  and  mimicry,  were  very  fine.  Mr.  R.  Lloyd  Praeger, 
B.A.,  B.E.,  hon.  sec.  Dublin  N.  F.  C.  and  I.  F.  Club  Union,  showed  flowering  plants 
gathered  at  the  last  Galway  excursion  of  the  club,  and  many  other  specimens  of  rare 
Irish  flowering  plants.  Mr.  W.  H.  Phillips,  f.r.h.s.,  Belfast  N.  F.  C,  was  represented 
by  nature  prints  of  rare  varieties  of  British  ferns  ;  and  Mr.  Robert  Welch,  Belfast 
N.  F.  C,  by  photographs  of  Galway  Field  Club  conference  and  excursion,  1895. 
Professor  M.  Hartog,  m.a.,  d.s.c,  Queen's  College,  had  on  exhibition  type  specimens 
of  rotifers,  prepared  by  C.  Rousselet,  f.r.m.s.  ;  live  objects  illustrating  pond  life  ; 
palaeolitic  flint  instruments  from  India,  collected  by  Dr.  J.  C.  Smith  ;  and  Miss  H.  A. 
Martin,  Siamese  flowers,  pressed,  mounted,  and  named,  by  Mrs.  G.  H.  Grindrod, 
Bangkok.  Mr.  R.  A.  Phillips,  rare  and  characteristic  plants  of  county  Cork,  land  and 
freshwater  shells  ;  and  Mr.  J.  J.  Wolfe,  Skibbereen,  some  British  moths  and  butterflies. 
The  Misses  Chillingworth  and  Lester  exhibited  fifty  botanical  specimens  from  Cross- 
haven,  pressed  and  mounted.  Mr.  W.  B.  Barrington,  sea  birds'  and  waders'  eggs  ; 
and  Mrs.  J.  H.  Thompson,  microscopes — live  objects.  Mr.  H.  Lund  showed  photo- 
graphic transparencies,  snap-shots  on  the  Field  Club  excursions.  Mr.  F.  R.  Rohu, 
rare  specimens,  black  rat,  squacco  heron,  white  shrew,  etc.  Mr.  T.  Farrington,  m.a., 
geological  specimens,  telescopic  speculums  made  in  Cork  in  the  last  century,  and  Irish 
paper  money,  1804-1806.    Mr.  F.  Neale,  hon.  sec.  Limerick  N.  F.  C,  specimens  of 

G.  quadra,  G. rhamni,  Dolomedes fimbriata, etc.  Mr.  Herber t  Webb  Gillman, vice-president 
Cork  Historical  and  Archaeological  Society,  the  colours  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  (lent 
by  the  owner,  Captain  R.  Tonson  Rye,  of  Rye  Court);  orderly  book  of  the  same 
corps,  1822-44  (lent  by  Sir  Augustus  Warren,  bart.,  of  Warren's  Court),  and  other 
exhibits.  Mr.  J.  P.  Dalton  presented  the  statue  of  William  III.  formerly  in  the 
Mansion  House,  Cork);  and  Mr.  Allan  P.  Swan,  f.l.s.,  photographs  of  micro-fungi, 
including  salmon  disease.  Mr.  W.  B.  Haynes,  coat  of  an  Irish  volunteer.  Mr.  J.  H. 
Bennett,  Galway  rent  roll,  temp.  Elizabeth ;  petition  of  Kinsale  fishermen,  temp- 
Charles  I. ;  and  the  Munster  Camera  Club,  frames  of  photographic  transparencies 
exhibited  by  Messrs.  W.  R.  Atkins,  R.  S.  Baker,  J.  Bennett,  J.  Day,  E.  Scott,  H. 
Schroter,  and  C.  H.  Pearne.  The  Cross  of  the  Knight  of  St.  Gregory,  worn  by  the 
late  Mr.  John  Francis  Maguire,  m.p.,  Mayor  of  Cork,  and  the  collar,  badge,  diploma, 
and  notes  of  Mr.  John  Delany,  Commendatore  of  the  Order  of  the  Advocates  of 
St.  Peter,  were  to  be  seen  among  the  exhibits  to  the  conversazione. 



Alter  the  opening  of  the  entertainment  an  interesting  concert  was  introduced  under 
the  direction  of  Mrs.  Edwin  Hall,  when  solos  or  instrumental  pieces  were  presented  by 
Mrs.  Broadley,  Miss  L.  Henderson  Williams,  the  Misses  M'Namara,  Mr.  J.  M. 
Fitzgibbon,  Miss  H.  E.  Beale,  Mr.  Gray,  Mr.  Jack,  and  Mrs.  Hall.  The  concert  formed 
a  very  pleasant  variety  with  the  pleasures  of  the  evening. 

Praise  must  be  given  to  the  executives  of  the  societies  that  promoted  the  con- 
versazione, and  in  an  especial  degree  to  Mr.  J.  P.  Dalton  for  the  useful,  attractive, 
and  in  many  ways  novel  entertainment  that  was  arranged. 

It  is  to  be  hoped  that  our  Society  will  be  drawn  closer  by  this  to  the  Naturalists' 
Field  Club  and  the  Camera  Club,  and  that  this  conversazione  may  become  an  annual 
event  on  extended  lines ;  and  we  take  this  opportunity  of  thanking  our  friends  (for  the 
Naturalist  Field  Club  as  well  as  ourselves)  who  sent  exhibits,  especially  those  who 
came  from  a  distance,  as  also  the  ladies  and  gentlemen  who  assisted  in  the  musical 
part  of  the  entertainment  which  so  much  enlivened  the  evening. 

Che  T^ude  Stone  jMonuments  oj  this  and  other  J.ands, 

N  17th  March  a  lecture  was  delivered  for  our  Society  at  the  Imperial  Hotel 
by  Dr.  Ringrose  Atkins,  of  Waterford,  on  the  "  Rude  Stone  Monuments 
of  this  and  other  Lands."  It  was  illustrated  by  superb  photographic 
lime-light  views  of  cromlechs  and  kindred  stone  structures  taken  by  the 
lecturer.  To  say  that  the  lecture  was  interesting  would  be  only  giving  a 
faint  idea  of  the  enormous  amount  of  information  conveyed  in  it  on  this  subject,  which 
is  now  exciting  a  good  deal  of  interest  among  antiquarians,  as  these  cromlechs  are 
found  in  well  defined  districts  from  the  east  bank  of  the  Jordan,  through  North  Africa, 
western  coasts  of  Spain  and  Portugal,  Brittany,  and  Ireland — abundantly  so  in  the 
county  Cork.  The  erection  of  these  monuments  must  have  been  carried  out  by 
numbers  of  men,  as  the  covering  stone  of  one,  the  lecturer  mentioned,  weighed  by 
estimate  one  hundred  and  ten  tons,  and  was  elevated  on  three  other  stones  several  feet 
from  the  ground.  The  lecturer  adopted  the  view  that  these  cromlechs  were  never 
covered  over  with  earth  as  was  generally  believed,  but  were  places  at  which  the  spirits 
of  the  deceased  ancestors  of  the  race  who  erected  them  were  worshipped,  interments 
having  taken  place  under  and  around  them. 


jNfotes  and  Queries. 


Contributed  by  Rev.  J.  F.  Lynch :  Tim  Legend  of  BlRDHILL. 
G.  D.  Lamb:  Cork  Families. 
Rev.  H.  E.  Ruby:  "A  Chapter  on  Posies." 

The  Legend  of  Birdhill. — Some  time  ago  in  the  Journal  I  had  occasion  to 
refer  to  Birdhill,  a  few  miles  north  of  Limerick,  and  not  far  from  Newport.  It  occurred 
to  me  then  that  there  was  some  old  story  told  about  the  hill  to  account  for  the  name, 
and  on  enquiring  from  an  old  man  named  John  Sadleir,  now  living  in  Caherconlish, 
but  a  native  of  Newport,  he  gave  me  an  interesting  legend,  the  substance  of  which  I 
now  give,  merely  adding  a  few  particulars  respecting  the  personages  mentioned. 

It  happened  that  after  the  terrible  battle,  or  series  of  battles  which  were  waged  for 
a  year  and  a  day  at  Ventry  Harbour,  between  the  forces  of  the  world,  under  Daire 
Donn,  "the  brown,"  and  the  standing  army  of  Erinn,  commanded  by  Fionn  McCumhaill, 
the  son  of  the  latter,  Oisin,  "  little  fawn,"  was  enticed  away  to  Tir  na  n-og,  "  land  of  the 
youth,"  where  he  spent  nearly  two  hundred  years  in  the  enjoyment  of  the  pleasures  of 
that  delightful  country.  At  the  end  of  that  period  he  felt  a  longing  desire  to  come 
back  to  Erinn,  to  revisit  his  old  haunts,  and  see  his  old  comrades,  never  imagining  that 
during  his  stay  in  the  "Land  of  the  Youth"  Fionn  and  his  warriors  had  long  since 
mouldered  in  the  dust.  Oisin's  wife,  the  daughter  of  the  king  of  the  "  Land  of  the 
Youth,"  was  very  reluctant  to  let  him  depart,  but  at  last  she  consented,  giving  him  a  white 
steed,  and  ordering  him  to  stay  on  this  steed's  back  during  his  sojourn  in  Erinn,  for  if 
he  once  touched  the  soil  of  Erinn  dire  would  be  the  consequence.  Oisin  promised 
faithfully  to  obey  her  and  set  out  gladly,  but  great  was  his  sorrow  on  his  arrival  in 
Erinn  to  find  all  his  old  comrades  dead  and  gone,  and  the  country  so  greatly  changed. 
One  day  as  he  was  riding  slowly  along,  thinking  sadly  on  the  past  glories  of  Erinn,  a 
poor  widow  called  to  him  to  raise  a  heavy  weight  for  her.  He  stooped  down  and 
lifted  the  weight,  but  in  the  exertion  of  so  doing  the  golden  girth  on  the  white  steed 
broke,  and  he  immediately  galloped  off  to  Tir  na  n-og,  leaving  Oisin  behind,  who  on 
touching  the  ground  became  at  once  an  old  man,  poor,  blind,  and  helpless.  In  this 
extremity  Oisin  betook  him  to  St.  Patrick,  who  was  then  in  Erinn.  St.  Patrick  received 
him  gladly,  admitted  him  to  his  table,  and  made  a  Christian  of  the  old  pagan.  A 
veritable  thorn  in  the  flesh  he,  however,  proved  to  be  to  the  saint,  for  he  was  always 
grumbling  about  one  thing  or  the  other,  but  more  especially  about  his  food.  His  daily 
rations  were  a  large  meskin  of  butter,  a  griddle  of  bread,  and  a  quarter  of  beef;"  but 
being  a  giant  he  had  an  enormous  appetite,  and  demanded  far  more  than  St.  Patrick 
was  able  or  willing  to  give  him.  One  day,  in  the  course  of  a  long  altercation  with 
St.  Patrick  on  the  usual  topic,  Oisin  said,  in  a  burst  of  rage,  that  in  his  father  Fionn's 
time  an  ivy-leaf  was  larger  than  St.  Patrick's  griddle  of  bread,  a  rowan  berry  than  his 
meskin  of  butter,  and  a  quarter  of  blackbird  than  his  quarter  of  beef.  St.  Patrick  gave 
him  the  lie  ;  but  Oisin  said  he  was  no  liar,  that  the  Fians  of  Erinn  always  spoke  the 
truth,  and  that  if  St.  Patrick  would  give  him  a  boy  to  guide  him  he  would  bring  those 
three  things  to  him,  the  ivy  leaf,  the  rowan  berry,  and  the  quarter  of  blackbird,  and  so 
prove  the  truth  of  his  words.  St.  Patrick  having  agreed,  Oisin  and  the  boy  set  off, 
accompanied  by  Oisin's  dog,  Bran's  pup.    Bran,  the  mother  of  this  pup,  was  a  truly 



remarkable  dog.  None  like  her  may  now  be  found  in  Erinn.  She  was  the  favourite 
and  the  swiftest  hound  of  Fionn  McCumhaill,  but  had  not  always  been  a  dog,  having 
been,  before  the  metamorphosis  into  a  dog,  the  son  of  Fergus,  the  fair-haired  King  of 
Ulster.  The  following  lines  show  this,  which  I  take  from  the  Fenian  poem,  entitled 
Sejls  2t)tlC4  <t>fM0)5e4CC4  2lor)5U)f  4r}  $11054,  "The  Chase  of  the  Enchanted 
Pigs  of  iEnghus  An  Bhrogha  ": — 

21  rhjc  pe4ji5Uf4  yo)Xn  frtji) ; 
N4  -oe4itti4if  srnori)  ttjoIt^, 

2t)4JX  z>o  ri)4|lb4]|*  "DO  C0n)-"64lC4. 

T>\iiuc&  ce&T>  z>u)tce  45  -c-4t4jn5 

J-Djjl  COllt  454f  4C4lt>  ; 

B4  cuirijne  jie^'  ji4e  t>u)t;, 

t^u  bejt  4T>  ce4nr)  4jx  coin's." 

"Sad  it  is  to  thee,  sweet,  victorious  Bran, 
O  son  of  Fergus  of  the  fair  hair, 

That  thou  did'st  not  perform  some  praiseworthy  deed 
Before  thou  slew  thy  foster-brother. 

Thirty  territories  thy  father  has 
Between  woods  and  plains; 
Thou  shalt  remember  for  thy  day 
Being  chief  over  hounds." 

Bran  was  known  by  the  following  marks  : — 

"  Cof4  buj-oe  bj  4fi  $1141), 
21  ^04  x:4eb  T>uB  'f4  ^fi  5C4l ; 
<t)Tui)rrj  yuAitiriv&e  oy  ce4rjrj 
)X  ^4  clii4if  cojicfi4  corrj-i6e|t3." 

"  Yellow  legs  had  Bran, 
Her  two  sides  black,  and  her  belly  white  ; 
A  speckled  back  over  her  loins, 
And  two  ears  crimson,  equal  red." 

Bran  had  pups,  and  immediately  Oisin  commanded  a  sheep  to  be  killed,  and  the  fresh 
skin  to  be  fastened  against  a  wall.  An  attendant  was  then  ordered  to  stand  some  distance 
from  the  skin  and  dash  each  pup  with  full  force  against  it.  All  the  luckless  pups 
perished,  except  one,  and  that  one  clung  on  to  the  skin,  which  it  began  to  devour. 
Oisin,  on  hearing  this,  gave  directions  that  the  pup  should  be  reared  and  well  treated, 
remarking  that  it  was  the  makings  of  a  good  dog.  And  this  is  the  dog  which  accom- 
panied Oisin  and  the  boy,  and  which  is  known  in  Irish  legendary  lore  as  Bran's  pup. 
Oisin  and  the  boy  and  the  pup  in  the  course  of  their  travels  arrived  at  the  hill  now 
called  Birdhill,  which  they  ascended  until  they  reached  a  cave,  the  entrance  of  which 
was  barred  by  an  immense  boulder.  Oisin  ordered  the  boy  to  roll  away  the  stone,  but 
the  boy  laughed,  and  said  ten  men  could  not  do  it.  Oisin  then  requested  the  boy  to 
lead  him  up  to  it,  and  placing  one  hand  on  it  he  pushed  it  aside.  He  then  com- 
manded the  boy  to  enter  the  cave  and  tell  him  what  he  saw ;  the  boy  said  there  was  a 


horn  hanging  on  the  wall,  and  on  Oisin  bidding  him  bring  it  to  him,  he  said  three  men 
could  not  raise  it.  Oisin  then,  guided  by  the  boy,  took  it  himself.  This  was  the  Dord 
Fiann,  or  hunting  horn  of  the  Fians.  The  three  then  went  to  the  top  of  the  hill  where 
Oisin  sounded  the  Dord  Fiann,  and  immediately  a  number  of  blackbirds  were  seen 
winging  their  way  to  the  hill.  "Do  you  see  a  fine  bird  amongst  them?"  asked  Oisin. 
"  No,"  replied  the  boy.  The  Dord  Fiann  was  sounded  a  second  time,  with  the  result 
of  a  still  larger  number  of  blackbirds  responding  to  the  summons.  "  Do  you  see  a  fine 
bird  amongst  them  ?"  again  demanded  Oisin.  "  No,"  replied  the  boy.  For  the  third 
time  the  Dord  Fiann  was  sounded.  "Do  you  see  a  fine  bird  now?"  said  Oisin 
to  the  boy.  "I  see  a  bird,"  he  shrieked  in  terror,  "larger  than  a  cow,  making 
for  us.  "  Loose  the  pup,"  commanded  Oisin.  The  pup  and  the  bird  had  a  desperate 
struggle  which  lasted  for  several  hours,  but  at  last  the  dog  succeeded  in  killing  the 
bird.  The  dog,  however,  got  mad  from  excitement,  and  immediately  rushed  in  the 
direction  of  Oisin  and  the  boy  with  his  mouth  wide  open,  and  a  thick  cloud  of  steam 
rising  from  his  head.  The  boy  shouted  to  Oisin  that  the  pup  was  coming  on  madly,  and 
Oisin  told  the  boy  to  take  a  ball  of  lead  and  throw  it  into  the  pup's  mouth,  saying  that 
unless  they  killed  the  pup,  the  pup  would  kill  them.  The  boy  being  afraid,  Oisin 
ordered  the  boy  to  place  him  in  the  pup's  path,  and  he  then  flung  the  ball  into  the 
dog's  mouth  and  killed  him. 

The  peasantry  always  destroy  a  dog's  first  pups,  for  if  permitted  to  live  they  will  be 
sure  to  go  mad.  An  old  man  told  me  that  this  happens  from  Bran's  pup  (a  first  pup) 
having  gone  mad.  Oisin  procured  the  rowan  berry  and  the  ivy  leaf  down  by  the 
Shannon,  in  the  woods  of  Ballyvalley,  and  taking  a  quarter  of  the  bird,  the  ivy  leaf, 
and  the  rowan  berry  home  to  St.  Patrick,  he  thus  proved  that  his  statement  was  true. 

O'Donovan  gives  the  Irish  name  of  this  hill  CrjOC4tj  4T)  6]r)  pWl),  which  he  trans- 
lates, "  the  hill  of  the  white  bird  ;"  and  says  "  that  it  is  stated  in  the  pedigree  of  Mac 
I-Brien  Arra  there  was  a  castle  here  belonging  to  a  younger  branch  of  the  family,  but 
no  trace  of  it  is  now  visible." 

This  castle  was  standing  in  Dineley's  time  (1680),  for  he  gives  one  of  his  rough 
sketches  of  it. 

The  meaning  of  the  Irish  name  of  the  hill  seems  to  knock  the  bottom  out  of  the 
legend,  for  John  Sadleir  was  quite  positive  that  the  bird  was  black  and  not  white.  It 
may  be  noticed,  however,  that  he  has  used  the  adjective  "  fine"  three  times  with  refer- 
ence to  the  bird,  and  O'Reilly  gives  "  fine"  as  one  of  the  meanings  of  Tfyorjr). 

Some  other  places,  Glenasmoil,  near  Dublin,  and  Sliab-na-m-ban,  county  Tipperary, 
claim  to  be  the  scene  of  this  legend.  John  Sadleir  heard  it  over  sixty  years  ago  in 
Newport.  It  is,  however,  a  rehash  of  several  legends  by  some  old  Seanachaidh  of  the 
last  century.  J.  F.  Lynch. 

Cork  Families. — The  following  persons,  or  some  of  them,  were  probably  natives 
of  Cork,  and  I  shall  be  glad  if  anyone  can  identify  them  as  such : — Mr.  Gourney, 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Lawrence  Fowkes,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  May,  Mrs.  Frank  Warden,  Mr.  William 
Mawman,  Mr.  Peter  Lucas,  Miss  Lidia  Warden,  Mr.  Thomas  Jacomb,  Mr.  Whiting, 
Mrs.  Spiller,  Mr.  Major,  Mrs.  Crathorn,  and  Mr.  William  Foxley.  They  are  mentioned 
as  living  from  1742  to  1753  in  family  notes  written  in  a  Prayer  Book  and  Bible  by 
Mr.  William  Carew,  of  Lisbon,  merchant,  son  of  Mr.  Thomas  Carew,  of  Cork,  by  his 
marriage  with  Susannah  Frankland,  of  Ashgrove,  which  notes  have  been  printed  in  the 
Miscellanea  Genealogies  second  series,  vol.  iv.,  p.  321,  and  third  series,  vol.  i.,  p.  28. 

G.  D.  Lumb. 



"  A  Chapter  on  Posies." — I  find  the  following  posy  does  not  occur  in  the  list 
given  in  the  interesting  paper  by  Mr.  Day  in  your  last  number  : — "The  gift  and  giver 
are  yours  for  ever."  This  posy  is  inscribed  on  the  inside  surface  of  the  wedding  ring 
given  by  my  maternal  grandfather,  Henry  Bennett,  author  of  the  "  Steamboat,"  to  his 
bride,  Miss  Sarah  Colbourne.  H.  E.  Ruby. 

Original  pocunrients. 

3nt>ej;  Gestamentorum  olim  in  IRegistro  Corcagia?, 

No.                    Name.  Year. 

418  Barret,  Allen,  of  Corke       ..           ..  ..  ..  ..  1769 

419  Bishop,  William,  of  Kinsale             ..  ..  ..  ..  1769 

420  Breton,  Noblet,  of  Corke,  gent.         .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1770 

421  Becher,  Lionel,  of  the  Island  of  Sherkin  .  .  .  .  .  .  1770 

422  Biggs,  Issac,  of  Bandon      ..           ..  ..  ..  ..  1770 

423  Barter,  William,  oi  Affolard             .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1770 

424  Batty,  Richard,  of  Passage  .  .           ..  ..  ..  ,.1771 

425  Browne,  Joseph,  of  Corke  ..           ..  ..  ..  ..  1771 

426  Beare,  William,  of  Lisbon  ..           ..  .,  ..  1771 

427  Budd,  Mary,  of  Corke         ..           ..  ..  ..  1771 

428  Banfield,  William  (a  copy  only;  I  know  not  how  it  came  into  this 

office)  (sic). 

429  Bunworth,  Ben.,  of  Corke  . .          . .  . .  . .  . .  1772 

430  Bryan,  Darby,  of  Corke       . .           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1772 

431  Browne,  George,  of  Corke  . .           .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  1772 

432  Beare,  Christr.,  of  Corke     ..           ..  ..  ..  ..  1772 

433  Beamish,  Thomas,  of  Corke             ..  ..  ..  ..  1773 

434  Bennett,  Thomas,  of  Litter              .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1773 

435  Brien,  John,  of  Garrane,  county  Corke,  butcher  .  .  .  .  1773 

436  Bennett,  Osman,  oi  Kilgarruff,  farmer  .  .  .  .  .  .  1773 

437  Barns,  John,  of  Corke        .  .           .  t  .  .  .  .  .  .  1774 

438  Bussy,  Mary,  of  Corke        .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1774 

439  Bready,  William,  of  Cork,  cooper      .  .  .  .  , .  .  ,  1774 

440  Biggs,  Rebecca,  of  Bandon,  widow  . .  . .  . .  .  .  1775 

441  Bohan,  William,  of  Corke,  weaver    .  .  .  .  .  .  , ,  1775 

442  Blake,  William,  of  Corke    ..           ..  ..  .  .  ..  1775 

443  Bruce,  David,  of  Corke,  mercht.       .  .  . .  . .  . .  1776 

444  Baker,  John,  of  Rockfort,  hatter       .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  1776 

445  Bayly,  Joseph,  of  Kinsale,  tanner      .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  1776 

446  Breton,  Eliz.,  of  Cork,  widow           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1776 

447  Bishop,  Thos.,  lieutenant  in  his  Majies.  service  . .  . .  1776 

448  Bayly,  John,  rect.  and  vie.  of  Inshigeelagh  ..  ..  1776 

449  Barry,  John,  of  Cold  Harbour          .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  jjyy 

450  Bennett,  Richard,  of  Ballingully       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1777 

451  Bready,  Margaret,  of  the  city  of  Cork,  widow.  .  .  .  ,  1777 

452  Beamish,  Mary,  of  Bandon              ..  ..  ..  1777 

1 90 



No.  Name.  Ykak 

453  Beamish,  Richard,  of  Balliva  ..  ..  ..  ..  1777 

454  Bruce,  George,  of  Cork,  esq.  ..  ..  ..  ..  1778 

455  Bowden,  Mary,  of  Kinsale  ..  ..  ..  ..  1779 

456  Barry,  Redmond,  of  Cork,  gent.        .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  1779 

457  Bruce,  Dr.  Lewis,  clics.       ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1780 

458  Busteed,  Thomas,  of  Ballinrea,  gent.  .  .  .  .  .  .  1780 

459  Briant,  Esther,  als.  Dun,  of  Kinsale,  widow  ..  ..  ..  1781 

4C0  Barry,  David,  of  Bandon,  clothier     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  178 1 

461  Bready,  Mary,  wife  of  B.  Bready,  of  Cork  ..  ..  ..  1781 

462  Burt,  Richard,  of  Cork,  plumber       ..  ..  ..  ..  1781 

463  Byrne,  Richard,  of  Cork      ..  ..  ..  ..  .  .  1781 

464  Bishop,  Hester,  of,  Kinsale,  widow    ..  .  .  ..  ..  1782 

465  Browne,  Mary,  of  Cork,  widow        ..  ..  ..  ..  1782 

466  Bready,  Jane,  of  Cork,  widow  . .  . .  .  .  . .  1782 

467  Browne,  Francis  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  1782 

468  Busteed,  Jonathan,  of  Dondanian     . .  . .  .  .  .  .  1782 

469  Buckly,  Martin,  of  Barnahaly  . .  . .  . .  . .  1782 

470  Bright,  Robert,  2nd  mr.  on  board  the  "  Winchester"    .  .  .  .  1783 

471  Blake,  John,  of  Cork,  publican         ..  ..  ..  ..  1784 

472  Barry,  John,  of  Ballyhooly  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1784 

473  Boyle,  James,  of  Cork,  taylor  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1784 

474  Brien,  Thomas,  of  Lehinough,  farmer  .  .  .  .  ,  .  1784 

475  Bohilly,  John,  of  Gortacurrig,  farmer  .  .  .  .  .  .  1784 

476  Barry,  Thomas,  of  Mallow  Lane,  gent.  ..  ..  ..  1784 

477  Barry,  Nicholas,  of  Shandon  Street,  grocer  . .  . .  . .  1784 

478  Barry,  Ellinor,  wife  of  John  Barry    ..  ..  ..  ..  1784 

479  Browne,  William,  of  Bandon,  joiner  . .  . .  . .  1785 

480  Bigly,  Thomas      . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1785 

481  Browne,  Samuel,  of  Cork,  mercht.    ..  ..  ..  ..  1785 

482  Browne,  Thomas,  of  Cork,  esq.        . .  .  .  . .  . .  1785 

483  Bruen,  William,  of  Cork,  writing  clerk  . .  . .  . .  1786 

484  Barry,  John,  of  Currow,  solr.,  liberties  of  C,  farmer     . .  . .  1786 

485  Birchill,  John,  of  Naghill,  victualler  ..  ..  ..  ..  1786 

486  Bridges,  Richd.  Bullen,  revenue  boatman  . .  . .  . .  1786 

487  Bucham,  Anthony,  of  Fair  Lane,  hewer  . .  . .  . .  1786 

488  Buckley,  John,  of  Loghlig,  boatman  ..  ..  1788 

489  Butler,  Francis,  of  Cork,  cooper        ..  ..  ..  ..  1788 

490  Beamish,  Richard,  of  Raharoon,  esq.  ..  ..  ..  1788 

491  Barrett,  Thomas,  of  Cork,  gent.        . .  . .  . .  . .  1789 

492  Barry,  John,  of  S.  Main  Street,  breechmaker  . .  . .  . .  1789 

493  Bernard,  John,  of  Bandon,  esqr.       ,.  ..  ..  ..  1789 

494  Byron,  Mary,  of  Kinsale,  widow       , .  . .  . .  . .  1789 

495  Bayly,  Samuel,  of  Ballincarrig         ..  ..  ..  ..  1789 

496  Boston,  Mary,  of  Cork,  widow         ..  ..  ..  ..  1791 

497  Barrett,  Patrick,  of  Lehinough,  S.  Lib.  of  C,  farmer     . .  . .  1791 

498  Bull,  Susanna,  of  Cork,  spinster       . .  . .  . .  . .  I791 

499  Baldwin,  Henry,  of  Newcourt  ..  ,.  ..  ..  I791 

500  Bromell,  Samuel,  of  Cork,  ironmonger  . .  . .  . .  I791 

501  Browne,  Jane,  of  Kinsale,  spinster    ..  ..  ..  ..  I792 




•Barrett,  Edmond,  01  Cork,  wine  cooper          , ,           , , 



Bernard,  Arthur,  of  Bandon,  esq.      . , 



Bird,  Ursula,  of  Barrack  Street,  Cork,  widow  , . 



Baldwin,  Samuel,  of  Sugar  Lane,  Bandon,  glazier       . , 



Bishop,  Jane,  of  Kinsale,  widow       ,  ,           .  ,           ,  . 



Buby,  Thomas,  of  Cork,  shopkeeper 

•  •  J793 


Brick,  Daniel,  of  Evergreen,  gent.     .  ,           .  . 



Bucklin,  William,  of  Cork,  slater 

••  l793 


Barter,  Mary,  of  Cork,  spinster 

. .  1794 


Browne,  Mary,  of  Bandon               . ,           , , 

. .  1794 

Bowler,  Ann,  of  Kinsale,  widow        .  ,           .  ,           ,  . 


5  r3 

Birchill,  John,  of  Bandon    , ,           , ,           ,  ,           ,  , 


C  T  A 


RtiPnQtiQn     T?/^T7      1  li  o  T~vn  0  0    roof    o  f  G!f     Pout  c    I  f~ir\s 
xJULlldlidll,   A.LV,    ±  ilUIIldb,  IcCl.  Ul  OL.   XTdUlb,  v^UI  K              .  . 


C  T  C 

J  J 

"Rnllf^n    William    of  TCincal*^  rr£»nf 

UUHCll,    VYlllldlll,  Ul  IvlilodlG,  HCL1L.         ,  .                    .  •                    .  . 

t  7nc 

TsQfTM^li     l\/r  d  f  f  ri  /^\jt    nr  1^  otI^    t  t  r  o  f  /~>  In  m  o 

JDdglicll,  IVXaLlUcW,  Ul  V_/UIK,  WalLUniaKcx             .  .                .  . 

1 795 


Bishop,  George,  of  Kinsale,  gent. 

. .  1795 


Kprn  q  rr\    TnAin'ic    of  Polar***   Ann  acn 

xjciiicuu,  i  uuiiidb,  01  jTctidLc  ^iilii,  cbq.               .  ,              ,  . 

1 795 


Boyer,  James,  of  Cork 

■ •  !795 


Barret,  D.  (not  returned  by  Mr.  Armstrong,  surrogate) 

. .  1796 

jjcii,   vv  niidin  xnemy,  qUdl  lei IlldSlCl  .  .                ,  ,                ,  . 




JD1  UL.C,    VVdllCl,  Ul  £>ctHU.Ull,  VVcdVCl       .  . 



JJUWUC1J,  OL.  J-/dU.lCHCC,  Ul  J_y  LLllllldll  W ay  ,  gCllL,  ,  .                    .  . 


to  A 

DCalc,  V^dlCU,  Ul  OpilUg  IVlULUll,  UlClLlll.                .  .                   .  . 


"Riicf^orl    Tanp    of  RanHnn         rl  o\;ir 

•DUoLCCU,  J  dllC,  Ul  UdllUUU,   W1UUW        ,  ,                    ,  .                    ,  , 

T  ic\(-\ 


TipppVipr   T^rlwarrl    of  T  nrlcri3  f*art 



•Ddliy,   IVllLildGl,  Ul    x  lillUICd^ UC              •  •                   •  i                   •  • 

T  r7C\h7 



xjiduy,  oai  Liiuiuiiicw,  ui  v^uiiv,  siiupiiccpci      .  ,              <  i 


■DdllcLl,  JL'dvlU,  Ul    V^UIK,  glUt_Cl               ,  .                  .  ■                  ■  ■ 



Burchill,  Solomon,  of  Kilbeg,  county  Cork,  farmer       ,  , 

T  ToR 



Bryan,  Jane,  of  Cork,  spinster          .  .           ,  ,           ,  . 



Beamish,  Susanna,  of  Cork,  spinster            .  .           .  . 

•  •      J  799 


Boyle,  John,  of  Boylesgrove  <zls,  Doumcarra,  gent.       .  . 

t  Qoo 
.  .  IoOO 

C  O  A 


Barry,  John,  of  Cork,  innholder 

, ,       1 OoO 


"Rr£iTi£i  7on    "Rl^m^ir    of  T-T  nrcp  T-Till  pen 

JD1  d  UdZ,Ull,  JUldllcy,  Ul  XlUloC  11111,  CcU<                   .  .                   •  . 

1 8co 


XJdliy,  J  Ullil,   Ul  IVldypUlC  i\.UdU,  pUUllLdll             .  ,                   .  . 

.  .        1 OUJ 

C  11 


JJUlldllC,    JL  llllUlliy,  Ul  V^dllip  X  i 111,  JVllladlC,  idllllcl                ,  . 

. .        1 OUl 


Bateman,  Edward,  of  Glenduff,  farmer          , . 

t  Rot 
.  ,       lOO I 


Bennett,  Richard,  of  Cork,  gent. 

. .  ISOI 


Baldwin,  Walter,  of  Mountpleasant,  esq. 

..  1802 


Bennett,  John,  01  Maryborough 



Barry,  Thomas,  of  Tinnegerah,  farmer 

I  002 


Busteed,  Francis,  of  Cork,  esq. 

. .  I803 


Banfield,  Thomas,  of  Shinnagh,  gent. 

..  I803 

Supplementary  Index  to  Wills,  1802  to  1833. 

(See  Note  p.  479,  No.  10,  Vol.  i.,  Second  Series). 




Beamish,  Elizabeth,  of  Kilmalody 



Blake,  Catherine 




No.  Name, 

547  Berkeley,  Rev.  George        ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  313 

548  Barry,  James        .  .           .  .  .  .  . .  . .  . .  321 

549  Bradshaw,  Thomas,  Sunday's  Well  ..  ..  ..  ..  518 

550  Ball,  James,  of  Cork,  brewer  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  516 

551  Burchill,  Mary,  of  Bandon  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  421 

552  Bernard,  William  ..           ..  .,  ..  ..  ..  434 

553  Browne,  Rebecca  .  .           .  .  . .  . .  .  .  .  .  444 

554  Boyle,  Jeremiah    .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  449 

555  Brick,  Edward      ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..451 

556  Baker,  Robert,  of  Cork       ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  474 

557  Bird,  George,  of  Blackpool  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  491 

558  Beamish,  Town  send          .  .  . .  . .  . .  .  .  501 

(  To  be  cofitinued.) 

Review  of  T3ooK. 

"Chapters  in  an  Adventurous  Life— Sir  Richard  Church  in  Italy 
and  Greece."    By  E.  M.  Church.    (Blackwood  &  Sons,  1895). 

The  subject  of  these  memoirs  was  a  son  of  Mr.  Matthew  Church,  merchant,  of  this 
city,  and  was  sent  by  his  father  to  a  Quaker  school,  but  ran  away  from  it  before  he  was 
sixteen,  and  enlisted.  He  was  subsequently  gazetted  ensign  of  the  13th  Somerset- 
shire Light  Infantry  in  1800,  and  was  in  that  year  disowned  by  the  "  Connection." 
In  181 1,  after  seeing  much  service  in  these  stirring  times,  he  became  major,  and  in 
1813  (with  permission)  took  service  as  general  under  King  Ferdinand  of  Naples,  in 
order  to  suppress  the  secret  societies  with  which  Apulia  was  infested.  The  extent 
brigandage  and  murder  was  carried  on  in  that  district  is  almost  incredible,  and  the 
book  requires  to  be  read  to  gain  any  idea  of  it.  The  worst  of  these  societies  was  the 
"  Decisi,"  the  founder  and  chief  of  which  was  Ciro  Annichiarico,  a  priest  who  had 
abjured  all  religion.  The  first  qualification  for  initiation  into  his  band  was  the  proof 
that  the  proposed  member  had  committed  at  least  two  murders  with  his  own  hand. 
This  wretch  was  hunted  down  by  General  Church,  his  band  completely  destroyed,  and 
Apulia  totally  freed  from  the  brigands. 

General  Church  was  treated  by  the  Bourbons  in  the  shabbiest  manner  after  they  had 
got  all  the  service  they  required  from  him,  and  crossed  over  to  Greece,  where  the  war  of 
liberation  from  Turkish  rule  was  then  waging.  He  was  made  generalissimo  of  the 
Greek  army,  and  assisted  so  much  in  freeing  the  country  that  he  was  made  a  member 
of  the  State  Council,  and  in  1836  inspector-general  of  the  army.  In  1844  he  became  a 
senator,  and  lived  for  the  remainder  of  his  life  in  Athens,  dying  there  in  1873  at  the 
age  of  ninety.  The  king  and  Greek  nation  buried  him  with  every  possible  mark  of 
respect,  and  erected  a  splendid  monument  over  his  remains.  The  book  reads  more 
like  a  romance  than  history  from  the  wild  scenes  General  Church  went  through  in 
Apulia,  but  the  events  are  amply  corroborated  by  letters  and  extracts  from  State 

As  the  account  of  the  life  of  a  brave  and  good  son  of  Cork,  the  book  is  well 
entitled  to  a  notice  in  this  Journal,  and  we  can  recommend  it  to  our  readers  as  worthy 
of  perusal.  D.  F. 

Second  Series. — Vol.  II.,  No.  17.] 

[May,  1896. 



Cork  Historical  &  Arch^ological 


jMuskerry  Yeomanry,  Co.  Cork,  arid  their  Cin\es* 

Part  I.    1796- 1799. 
By  HERBERT  WEBB  GILLMAN,  B.L.,  Vice-President. 

[Preface. — In  the  first  article  in  the  present  volume  there  appeared  "Notes  from 
the  Orderly  Book  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry,  between  the  years  1803  and  1806."  The 
present  paper  is  designed  to  afford  a  history  of  the  corps  from  its  inception  in  1796 
through  the  troublous  times  of  the  three  years  that  followed.  The  greater  part  of  the 
materials  whence  it  is  prepared  is  found  in  papers  left  by  the  writer's  grandfather, 
who  had  a  fad  for  collecting  newspapers  and  documents  of  a  public  or  semi-public 
nature,  and  who  generally  illustrated  each  with  notes  from  his  own  hand.  As  the 
interest  in  the  yeomanry  is  not  confined  to  Muskerry,  it  is  sought  to  show  how  the 
details  of  the  work  done  by  the  corps  fit  into  the  general  history  of  the  period. — 
H.  W.  G.] 

^  ^e  rajsjng  Gf  tne  Muskerry  and  other  Irish  yeomanry 
in  1796  marked  an  important  stage  in  the  troubles  of 
distracted  Ireland  during  the  preceding  and  succeeding 
decades,  it  is  desirable  to  recall  to  mind  the  historical 
facts  that  led  up  to  the  formation  of  the  corps.  In 
1782  Grattan  and  the  Volunteers  had  forced  from  the 
Whig  Government  the  grant  of  what  would  nowadays 
be  called  Home  Rule,  a  veritable  legislative  disunion  between  Ireland 
and  Great  Britain  ;  but  it  was  a  sort  of  Home  Rule  by  which  only  the 
Protestant  ascendency  gained.  The  position  of  the  Irish  peasants  was 
not  alleviated  thereby  ;  they  were  ripe  for  rebellion,  and  for  many  years 



had  filled  Ireland  with  outrages,  directed  very  much  against  rent-collec- 
tors and  tithe-proctors,  In  Munster  there  arose  the  society  calling 
themselves  "  White  Boys,"  and  the  followers  of"  Captain  Right." 

The  government  executive  was  not  strong  enough  to  keep  order. 
Catholic  and  peasant  outrages  were  met  by  counter-outrages  of  their 
opponents,  and  a  cruel  strife  of  opposing  religionists  began  in  Munster.  In 
the  north,  where  difference  of  religion  was  more  pronounced,  Protestants 
in  self-defence,  but  illegally,  began  to  deprive  Roman  Catholics  of  their 
arms  ;  and  these  latter  then  formed  themselves  into  lawless  societies  called 
"  Defenders,"  against  whom  the  famous  Orange  lodges  were  organised  ; 
and  thus  in  the  north  also  a  cruel  civil  strife  began. 

While  Ireland  was  in  this  miserable  condition  the  news  of  the  great 
French  Revolution  arrived.  But  the  class  at  first  most  influenced 
thereby  was  the  northern  Presbyterians  and  dissenters,  republican  by 
their  origin  ;  and  Belfast  became  one  of  the  great  centres  of  republican 
and  Jacobin  feelings,  together  with  Dublin  where  the  free-thinking 
elements  of  society  were  chiefly  to  be  found.  The  Catholics,  at  the 
same  time,  showed  signs  of  disunion  among  themselves  ;  those  higher 
in  the  social  scale  were  not  averse  to  the  English  connection,  but 
sought  for  the  alleviation  of  their  disabilities  by  parliamentary  reform, 
and  entrusted  their  interests  to  the  care  of  a  central  committee  in  Dublin. 
Pitt  himself  was  favourable  to  their  claims  ;  and  something  like  friendly 
relations  existed  between  the  English  government  and  the  bishops  and 
the  more  educated  portion  of  the  Catholics.  Their  church  in  general 
stood  true  to  its  habitual  opposition  to  atheism  and  disorder — a  spirit 
which  explains  such  acts  as  the  address  of  seven  Roman  Catholic  bishops 
of  Munster,  in  June,  1798,  to  their  clergy,  who  were  therein  called  on  to 
warn  their  flocks  of  the  "  calamities  both  temporal  and  eternal  which 
they  were  likely  to  bring  on  themselves  by  unlawful  oaths  and  associa- 
tions." The  lower  orders  of  Catholics  on  the  other  hand  were  waging  a 
lawless  war  in  the  south  and  in  the  north.  There  was  also  a  third  party 
in  the  unhappy  country,  consisting  of  nominal  dissenters  in  the  north, 
freethinkers  in  Dublin  and  elsewhere,  who  sought  aid  from  France  to 
destroy  the  English  connection. 

The  two  parties  last  mentioned  were  the  most  dangerous  to  the 
Government,  but  they  were  weak  as  long  as  they  remained  separate  ; 
and  Wolfe  Tone,  with  others  like  him,  seeing  this,  managed  to  bring 
them  together,  and  thus  founded  the  great  party  of  the  "United  Irishmen." 
Pitt  conscientiously  compelled  the  Irish  Parliament  to  carry  out  his 
measures  for  the  relief  of  the  Roman  Catholics  ;  but  the  concessions  came 
too  late,  and  the  Catholic  demands  were  increased  ;  and,  owing  to  their 
belief  that  intimidation  would  be  effective  to  secure  their  ends,  riots  and 



outrages  became  common  all  over  Ireland,  the  "  Defenders  "  became 
active  again,  many  houses  of  Protestants  were  robbed,  one  hundred  and 
eighty  being  attacked  in  Munster  alone,  and  many  savage  murders  were 
committed.  These  were  met  by  the  passing  of  what  is  known  as  the 
"  Convention  Bill,"  directed  against  the  convention  in  Dublin,  and 
strengthening  the  hands  of  the  executive  in  dealing  with  illegal  meet- 
ings. This  and  other  measures  reduced  the  hopes  of  the  United  Irishmen 
to  a  low  degree,  so  that  finally,  in  1794,  they  determined  to  seek  the 
assistance  of  France  believing  themselves  unable  to  carry  out  their 
revolution  single-handed,  and  the  lower  Catholics  made  common  cause 
with  the  United  Irishmen.  But  one  result  of  this  was  the  separation 
of  the  Protestants  of  the  north  from  the  disaffected  body  ;  and  the 
fight  became  that  most  hateful  one  of  all,  a  war  of  religions  between 
Catholic  revolutionaries  and  Protestant  upholders  of  the  settled  govern- 

Lord  Camden,  the  lord  lieutenant,  by  care  and  wisdom  managed  for 
two  years  to  stave  off  an  open  outbreak  ;  but  his  measures  lacked  the 
force  necessary  to  quell  the  angry  passions  of  the  time.  The  Government 
had  information  that  in  1795  the  plans  of  insurrection  had  been  nearly 
perfected  ;  to  meet  which  the  authorities  had  scarcely  any  English  troops, 
and  only  about  ten  thousand  invalids  and  fencibles,  and  a  militia  who 
were  almost  to  a  man  members  of  the  society  of  United  Irishmen. 
Informers  told  how  Lord  Edward  Fitzgerald  and  others  had  met  General 
Hoche  and  arranged  for  a  French  invasion,  and  that  there  existed  a 
body  of  two  hundred  thousand  men  already  officered,  of  whom  one  hun- 
dred and  fifty  thousand  had  been  provided  with  pikes  or  muskets.  It 
became  then  absolutely  necessary  for  Government  to  raise  a  trustworthy 
force,  and  this  force  was  the  Yeomanry,  consisting  mostly  of  Protestants, 
but  containing  a  good  admixture  of  the  other  religion  also,  as  the  muster- 
roll  of  the  Muskerry  body,  among  others,  shows.  Their  numbers,  all 
being  volunteers,  soon  reached  thirty-seven  thousand  throughout  Ireland. 
Orangemen  were  strictly  excluded  by  the  Lord  Lieutenant. 

The  pages  of  Musgrave  and  Maxwell  detail  many  of  the  massacres 
and  horrors  committed  by  the  insurgents  at  this  period  ;  that  there  were 
sharp  retaliatory  acts,  unmerciful  whippings,  and  short  shrift,  miscalled 
justice,  on  the  other  side,  cannot  be  doubted.  The  foregoing  hasty 
sketch  of  the  times  immediately  precedent  may  serve  partly  to  explain 
the  cause  of  the  intense  bitterness  of  the  opposing  parties  in  Ireland 
which  led  to  those  unhappy  deeds.  May  our  country  learn  the  lesson 
taught  by  its  history,  and  may  its  people  under  equal  laws  become  a  united 
people,  as  did  the  conquered  Anglo-Saxon  and  the  conquering  Normans 
in  England  many  centuries  ago. 



Flag  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry,  1822. 

{From  the  original  in  the  possession  of  Captain  Richard  Tonson  Rye,  of  Ryeccurt.) 

[Description. — On  holding  the  flag  with  the  pule  in  the  right  hand  and  the  outer  fringe  in 
the  left,  the  British  side  of  it  faces  the  observer.  The  size  is  two  feet  from  pole  to  outer  edge 
and  two  feet  two  inches  from  top  to  bottom,  exclusive  of  the  gold  fringe  all  round,  two  inches 
wide.  This  side  is  of  satin  of  a  bluish  mauve  or  purple  hue  ;  in  the  centre  are  the  letters  "G.  R." 
inside  a  circular  scroll  of  white  satin  one  inch  wide,  which  bears  in  capital  letters  the  words 
1 '  King  and  Constitution. "  This  scroll  is  surmounted  by  the  Royal  Crown  worked  in  gold  wire 
and  lined  with  crimson  velvet.  Above  the  crown,  on  a  white  satin  scroll,  one  inch  and  a-half 
wide,  are  the  words  "Muskerry  Cavalry."    All  letters  on  the  flag  are  worked  in  gold  sequins. 



On  the  right  of  the  central  scroll  is  a  spray  of  moss  roses  and  leaves,  and  on  the  left  one  of  oak 
leaves  and  acorns — all  in  natural  colours.  Below  these  sprays  is  a  scroll  of  white  satin,  one  inch 
and  a-half  wide,  bearing  the  words  —Pro  Aris  et  Focis  ("for  our  altars  and  hearths"),  which  was 
wittily  translated  by  the  corps  as  "  for  our  horses  and  foxes."  At  each  corner  is  the  white  horse 
of  Hanover. 

The  other  side  of  the  flag  is  the  Irish  side,  and  is  of  bright  red  satin,  which  looks  still  quite 
fresh.  In  the  centre  is  the  Irish  harp  worked  in  gold  wire  and  sequins,  and  has  on  its  right  a 
spray  of  palm  leaves,  and  on  its  left  one  of  laurel  leaves  {Lawns  Nobilis),  represented  conven- 
tionally as  usual  in  coats  of  arms. — {Mr.  Phillips).  The  harp  is  surmounted  by  the  Royal 
Crown  as  on  the  other  side  ;  and  the  rest  of  the  work  and  scrolls  is  same  as  on  other  side.] 


Athlone  appears  to  have:  the  honor  of  being  tin:  first  to  offer  to  raise 
yeomanry.  In  August,  1796, the  inhabitants  addressed  the  Lord  Lieu- 
tenant offering  to  embody  themselves  "  for  the  defence  and  protection  of 
their  town  and  neighbourhood,"  and  to  help  to  frustrate  the  hopes  of 
"  traitors  who  arc  exciting  insurrection,  in  order  to  make  the  descent  of 
an  invading  enemy  more  practicable,  and  to  take  advantage  of  the  naked 
and  defenceless  state  of  the  kingdom  if  the  regular  troops  be  drawn 
off."  This  expresses  very  well  the  popular  loyal  view  of  the  use  of  the 
corps.  Early  in  the  next  month  Government  determined  to  "  embody  a 
certain  number  of  cavalry  and  infantry  in  each  county,  to  preserve  the 
peace  while  the  army  and  militia  are  engaged  in  protecting  the  coasts 
against  invasion."  Before  the  end  of  that  month  the  authorities  received 
offers  from  all  parts  of  Ireland  to  adopt  any  mode  of  national  defence 
which  they  should  direct.  Government  issued  certain  regulations,  apply- 
ing to  the  corps  raised  in  each  barony,  among  them  were  these  : — 
1  st,  Every  member  shall  take  the  oath  of  allegiance  to  His  Majesty, 
as  nozv  framed  for  the  different  denominations  of  loyal  subjects,  i.e.  of  any 
religion  ;  2nd,  shall  exercise  on  certain  days  in  their  own  neighbour- 
hood ;  and  3rd,  shall  suppress  riot  and  disturbance  in  their  own  barony 
and  that  next  to  it.  If  any  corps  should  offer  voluntarily  to  serve  beyond 
their  baronies,  or  with  the  regular  troops,  they  were  to  be  under  the 
Mutiny  Act  and  military  law,  and  in  such  case  were  to  receive  constant 
pay.  In  October  numerous  meetings  were  held  in  Cork  city,  Bandon, 
Imokilly,  and  Barrymore  baronies,  etc.,  and  on  the  17th,  Muskerry  came 
forward  with  the  following  public  advertisement :  — 

The  Gentlemen  of  the  baronies  of  East  and  West  Muskerry  are  requested  to  meet 
at  the  Court  House  in  Macromp,  on  Monday,  the  24th  of  Oct.  inst.,  for  the  purpose  of 
Imbodying  themselves,  under  the  sanction  of  the  Government,  to  preserve  the  present 
tranquility  of  the  country. 

October  17,  1796. 

No  name  was  appended  to  this  document ;  but  it  emanated  from  the 
Warrenscourt  family — ever  foremost  in  promoting  associations  for  the 
defence  of  good  order  in  the  county  to  the  present  day.  This  advertise- 
ment was  circulated  by  hand,  and  also  published  in  the  Cork  newspapers, 
copies  of  which,  with  postal  letters,  reached  country  places  in  the  way 
usual  then  and  long  after — namely,  any  known  gentleman  happening 
to  be  in  the  city  near  the  end  of  a  week  would  call  at  the  general  post- 
office  for  all  letters  addressed  to  his  locality  ;  these  would  be  readily 
given  to  him  for  all  classes,  and  they  would  be  placed  on  Sunday  in 
the  church  porch,  to  which  expecting  addressees  would  come  and  take 



On  the  24th  of  October  the  meeting  at  Macroom  was  duly  held. 
"  Gentlemen  and  farmers "  of  all  denominations  attended,  and  they 
unanimously  passed  the  following  resolutions  :— 

That  we  will  form  ourselves  into  an  armed  Corps  of  Cavalry,  for  the  protection  of 
Persons  and  Property  in  our  Baronies,  under  officers  chosen  from  among  our  Body, 
and  to  be  approved  of  by  Government  : 

That  we  will  serve  without  pay  and  provide  our  own  Cloathing;  but  will  receive 
Arms,  Ammunition,  and  Accoutrements  from  Government : 

That  we  will  obey  the  orders  of  our  Officers,  as  long  as  we  shall  each  of  us  chuse  to 
-  continue  Members  of  the  Corps : 

That  Augustus  Warren,  (0  esq.,  be  appointed  Captain  ;  Samuel  Swete,  esq.,  Lieute- 
nant ;  and  George  Rye,  esq.,  Cornet. 

The  names  of  such  of  the  members  as  were  then  enrolled,  and  who 
continued  in  the  1st  troop  of  Muskerry  Cavalry  down  to  1804,  appear  on 
pp.  2,  3  of  the  present  volume.  A  fuller  list  in  1799  will  appear  fur- 
ther on.  The  orderly  books  of  the  corps  before  1803  are  not  known  to 
be  now  in  existence.  On  3rd  December,  1796,  the  "gentlemen  and 
yeomen"  of  East  and  West  Muskerry  met  again  at  Macroom,  and  settled 
on  their  plans  for  keeping  the  country  quiet,  and  preventing  persons  from 
joining  the  French  on  their  expected  descent  on  the  coast  of  Ireland — 
a  very  necessary  precaution,  for  Great  Britain,  being  then  at  war  with 
France,  Spain,  and  Holland,  had  few  regular  troops  to  spare  for  service 
in  Ireland.  What  the  work  of  the  yeomanry  was  likely  then  to  be,  is 
shown  by  the  capture  about  that  time  of  an  American  vessel  laden  with 
arms  and  warlike  stores,  intended  to  be  landed  in  this  country  ;  she  had 
on  board  "  twenty  thousand  stand  of  arms,  sixteen  brass  cannon  with 
carriages,  tumbrils,  and  every  appurtenance  for  field  service,  with  camp 
equipage  for  twenty  thousand  men/'  This  capture  happened  opportunely, 
for  on  Friday,  23rd  December,  news  reached  Cork  of  a  strong  French 
fleet  being  sighted  off  Bantry  bay.  What  followed  then  resembles  what 
happened  in  England  on  the  news  of  the  Spanish  Armada  being  sighted 
off  the  south  coast  of  England  ;  all  citizens  capable  of  bearing  arms 
enrolled  themselves  among  the  Loyal  Cork  Legion,  or  the  Royal 
Cork  Volunteers,  who  undertook  the  defence  of  the  city,  and  sent  off 
members  to  the  different  towns  in  Munster  to  order  in  the  military  there 

0)  Augustus-Louis-Carre  Warren,  eldest  son  of  Sir  Robert  Warren,  first  baronet,  so 
created  in  1784.  Augustus  succeeded  as  second  baronet  in  181 1  ;  he  was  M.P.  for 
Cork  city  1783-1790,  and  the  first  captain  of  the  Muskerry  corps.  He  died  in  1821, 
and  was  succeeded  by  his  son,  Sir  Augustus,  third  baronet,  who  was  captain  of  the 
corps  when  re-embodied  in  1822. 

George  Rye  was  the  grandfather  of  the  present  popular  head  of  the  Rye  Court 
family,  Captain  Richard  Tonson  Rye. 


quartered,  and  forwarded  a  detachment  escorting  artillery  to  Bandon, 
where  also  the  yeomanry  corps  of  adjacent  baronies,  including  Muskerry, 
were  concentrated.  The  militia  and  fenciblcs,  and  such  troops  as  could 
bt'  spared,  were  started  from  Cork  for  Bantry  bay,  the  people  treating 
them  hospitably  on  the  march.  Dr.  Francis  Moylan,  Roman  Catholic 
bishop  of  Cork,  issued  an  address  to  his  flock  in  the  diocese  on  Christmas 
Day,  impressing  on  them  "  the  sacred  principles  of  loyalty,  allegiance, 
and  good  order,"  and  warning  them,  by  the  example  of  other  countries 
where  the  French  had  been  received,  against  being  seduced  by  false 
promises  of  emancipation  and  equalisation  of  property.  "  They  come," 
said  the  bishop,  "  only  to  rob,  plunder,  and  destroy."  But  the  stars  in 
their  courses  fought  against  the  invaders  ;  a  strong  easterly  gale  dis- 
persed their  fleet,  and  only  on  the  30th  December  did  any  reach  Bantry 
bay — four  ships  of  sixty-four  guns,  three  frigates,  and  some  smaller 
vessels,  These  landed  five  hundred  men,  whom  the  Galway  Militia 
offered  to  attack,  but  were  restrained  till  further  forces  should  arrive. 
At  another  spot  they  attempted  to  land  one  hundred  and  fifty  men,  but 
were  checked  by  the  fencibles,  to  whom  a  crowd  of  peasantry,  armed 
with  every  weapon  they  could  lay  hand  on,  joined  themselves.  By  the 
5th  January,  1797,  all  the  French  ships  had  left  the  coast,  the  General 
being  disappointed  in  the  expectation  of  the  country  rising  to  aid  the 
foreign  soldiers.  On  the  26th  January — it  is  pleasant  to  record  it — a 
solemn  Te  Detim,  high  mass  and  thanksgiving  were  offered  up  at  Carey's 
Lane  chapel,  Cork,  for  "  the  happy  escape  we  had  from  our  invading 
foes."  At  this  epoch  there  were  embodied  in  Ireland  thirty  thousand 
effective  yeomanry,  horse  and  foot,  disciplined  on  same  plan  as  the  line, 
and  having  arrangements  made  for  ready  concentration.  Lord  Dillon 
said  in  Parliament  that  Hoche  was  known  to  have  promised  his  soldiery 
thirteen  days'  plunder  in  Ireland,  a  proceeding  which  poor  cottagers  at 
Bantry  had  a  foretaste  of. 

Though  the  projected  junction  of  Irish  insurgents  with  French 
invaders  thus  failed,  the  country  continued  still  in  unrest  ;  rumours  of  a 
renewal  of  invasion  were  prevalent — indeed,  a  band  of  fourteen  hundred 
French  desperadoes,  the  sweepings  of  the  galleys,  in  uniform,  landed 
25th  February,  1797,  at  Cardigan  bay,  but  soon  surrendered  to  a  force  of 
military  and  the  inhabitants.  Men  were  being  sworn  in  throughout  this 
country  as  United  Irishmen,  and  the  yeomanry  were  busy  in  arresting 
persons  for  "  administering  unlawful  oaths,"  and  escorting  them  to  Cork, 
where  they  received  a  speedy  trial.  On  17th  May,  1797,  the  Lord 
Lieutenant  and  Council  issued  a  broad  sheet  containing  a  lengthy 
proclamation,  beginning  thus  :  "  Whereas  there  exists  a  seditious  and 
traitorous  Conspiracy,  by  Persons  stiling  themselves  United  Irishmen 


for  .  .  .  the  destruction  of  the  established  Constitution  ...  by 
means  of  open  Violence  and  secret  Arrangements  for  raising,  arming  and 
paying  a  disciplined  Force  .  .  .  who  have  frequently  assembled  in 
large  armed  Bodies  and  plundered  Houses,  etc.";  and  the  proclamation 
warns  all  not  to  enter  into  the  conspiracy,  but  to  give  information  as  to 
meetings  of  such  societies,  and  orders  the  seizure  of  arms,  and  ends  by 
offering  a  pardon  to  all  who  may  have  been  seduced,  on  condition  of 
their  coming  in  by  24th  June  and  giving  surety  to  be  of  good  behaviour 
for  seven  years.  Government  had  at  this  time  received  from  secret 
informers — (1)  The  declaration  and  constitution  of  the  United  Irishmen  ; 
(2)  minutes  and  proceedings  of  two  of  the  societies  ;  (3)  reports  from 
provincial  and  county  committees  ;  (4)  report  of  the  military  com- 
mittee ;  (5)  forms  of  the  oath  of  an  officer  and  of  a  soldier  ;  (6)  names 
of  many  of  the  society  with  the  arms  in  their  custody,  and  much 
other  knowledge,  which  shows  how  readily  Government  secured  infor- 
mation, as  is  always  the  case  in  Irish  conspiracies.  In  Cork,  on  the 
22nd  May,  from  information  obtained,  over  twenty  United  Irishmen, 
including  two  "delegates"  from  the  north,  were  arrested  and  lodged  in 
bridewell  ;  and  at  Bandon  eight  men  were  committed  for  unlawful 
assembly  and  firing  on  a  party  of  Fencible  Dragoons  ;  and  two  soldiers 
of  the  Wexford  Militia,  quartered  at  that  town,  were  shot  for  taking  the 
oaths.  The  famous  mutiny  at  the  Nore  followed  next  month,  fostered, 
as  was  believed,  by  Irish  influence  ;  and  the  seizures  of  persons  for  sedi- 
tious oaths  became  more  frequent,  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  being  diligent 
in  this  work.  John  Warren  and  John  Hawkes,  members  of  the  corps, 
were  among  the  committing  magistrates  of  several  persons  arrested  in 
Muskerry.  But  Government,  nevertheless,  deemed  themselves  strong 
enough  now  in  force  to  dispense  with  some  of  their  precautions  which 
pressed  heavily  on  district  corps,  and  the  Muskerry  Cavalry,  with  others, 
received  a  Government  circular,  dated  25th  August,  directing  that 
picquets  and  guards  mounted  by  such  corps,  may  be  discontinued, 
except  where  ordered  by  the  General  of  the  district. 

On  20th  August  the  Lord  Lieutenant  arrived  in  Cork  by  way  of  Bantry 
which  he  had  been  inspecting,  and  was  escorted  into  the  city  by  the  various 
local  corps,  and  received  loyal  addresses  from  Cork,  Bandon  and  other 
localities.  Outrages  and  seditious  oaths,however,continued.  Two  brothers 
named  Barry,  arrested  by  the  Muskerry  corps  for  burglary  and  robbery  at 
Mr.  O'Leary's  house  at  Donoughmore,  were  hung  on  28th  October  ;  and 
others  were  committed  by  S.  Swete  for  administering  oaths,  and  by 
J.  Hawkes  for  conspiracy  to  rob.  A  murder  that  occurred  before  the 
last  mentioned  date  was  that  of  Mr.  John  Oliffe,  of  Lissaniskey,  parish 
of  Knockavilly,  which  gave  the  same  corps  much  police  duty,  partly 



successful  ;  for  on  [5th  November  they  escorted  into  Cork  Darby 
Mahony  alias  Keane,  Cornelius  Driscoll,  and  Timothy  Harrington  alias 
"  Mock  adahir,"  (  ,)  prisoners  charged  with  being  concerned  with  several 
Others  irf  that  murder.  The  committing  magistrates  were  Augustus 
Warren  and  Samuel  Swcte.  At  the  same  time  they  arrested  in  the  country 
another  Kean  Mahony,  alias  "  Kittoch," C)  for  robbing  Mr.  William 
Love's  house  at  Sunday's  Well.  It  is  not  surprising  to  find  that  active 
magistrates  were  in  consequence  obnoxious  to  the  revolutionists,  and 
thai  one  Daniel  Deasy  was  committed  to  the  County  Gaol  for  conspiring 
with  several  others  to  murder  John  Hawkes,  J.P.,  before  mentioned.  The 
baronies  of  Imokilly  and  Barrymore  also  were  at  this  period  much 
disturbed,  and  committees  were  formed  in  them  for  procuring  secret 
information  ;  and  on  16th  December  military  waggons,  tools  and  flying 
artillery  guns  were  despatched  from  Dublin  to  the  south-west  of 

Several  baronies  and  counties  in  Ireland  were  proclaimed  about  this 
time  as  disturbed,  and  early  in  January,  1798,  intelligence  reached 
England  of  a  plan  for  landing  there  a  very  large  French  army,  to  be 
conveyed  across  the  Channel  in  thirty  enormous  rafts,  each  capable 
of  carrying  ten  thousand  men  !  Monge,  the  mathematician,  was  the 
inventor  of  the  rafts.  The  lawlessness  of  the  times  was  rampant  in 
Muskerry  as  in  other  places,  and  a  meeting  of  the  gentlemen  of  east 
and  west  Muskerry  and  Barretts  baronies  was  held  on  2nd  February, 
1798,  at  the  house  of  Mr.  Walter  Wall,  at  Moviddy,  for  "  considering  the 
propriety  of  associating  to  promote  public  justice  and  a  due  execution 
of  the  law."  Sir  Robert  Warren,  bart,  was  in  the  chair,  and  the  following 
resolution  was  passed  :  — 

"  That,  having  considered  the  baronies  of  West  and  East  Muskerry,  Barretts  and 
its  vicinity  (in  which  part  of  the  Liberties  of  the  city  of  Cork  is  included)  infested  for 
some  Years  by  a  desperate  gang  of  robbers,  rendered  not  more  formidable  by  their 
extensive  conspiracy  and  their  atrocious  acts  of  violence  than  by  their  perjuries  and 
subornation,  We,  whose  names  are  hereunto  subscribed,  anxious  for  the  protection  ot 
the  Persons  and  Properties  of  the  Inhabitants  of  our  District,  to  whose  Loyalty  and 
Peaceable  Demeanor  we  are  happy  to  bear  testimony,  deem  it  expedient  that  a  Society 
be  formed  for  the  purpose  of  aiding  the  Civil  Magistrates  in  detecting,  apprehending 
and  prosecuting  heinous  Offenders  within  our  District,  and  we  form  ourselves  into  a 
society  for  that  purpose." 

This  was  signed  Robert  Warren,  chairman  ;  and  the  following 
members  : — Samuel  Penrose,  junr.;  Herbert  Gillman,  James  Splaine 

(2)  This  nickname,  if  second  syllable  be  long,  may  mean  "  son  of  two  fathers,"  i.e 
natural  and  reputed  ;  or  if  that  syllable  be  short,  "  son  of  a  good  father."  (Rev.  J.  Lyons.) 

(3)  Meaning  "  left-handed."    (Rev.  J.  Lyons.) 



Edward  Kenny,  James  Pratt,  George  Herrick,  Boyle  Coughlan,  Thomas 
T.  Coppinger,  Henry  Coppinger,  Richard  Barter,  Henry  Lindsey,  John 
and  James  Good,  Richard  T.  Rye,  John  Colthurst,  Augustus  Warren, 
Samuel  Swete,  John  Warren,  George  Rye,  John  Hawkes,  Samuel  Penrose, 
James  Gollock,  John  Hawkes,  junr  ;  Thomas,  William  and  Samuel 
Hawkes,  John  B.  Colthurst  and  Edward  Herrick.  The  meeting  was 
adjourned  to  the  16th,  but  there  is  no  further  record  of  their  doings.  As 
happened  in  other  baronies  their  work  was  done  silently  in  securing 
information  and  pointing  out  offenders  to  be  arrested  by  the  Muskerry 
Cavalry  corps.    This  will  be  seen  later  on. 

About  this  time  the  shadow  of  the  coming  rebellion  of  1798  began  to 
spread  over  the  country,  and  some  foul  murders  were  committed  by 
misguided  men,  notably  that  of  Mr.  St.  George  Mansergh  at  Castle 
Uniacke,  the  scat  of  his  host,  Mr.  Jasper  Uniacke,  who  was  murdered 
with  him.  The  former  had  made  himself  very  active  in  trying  to  keep 
the  country  quiet  at  Araglin,  near  Kilworth,  and  had  defied  the  local 
insurgent  leader  known  as  "  Captain  Doe."  Castle  Uniacke  was 
attacked  on  9th  February,  when  there  were  no  arms  in  it,  and  both 
gentlemen  were  killed.  The  committee  in  the  barony  of  Condons  and 
Clangibbon  got  the  necessary  information,  and  the  leaders  were  taken, 
tried  and  executed  at  the  spot  on  16th  April.  In  Muskerry,  at  Blarney, 
on  25th  March,  the  house  of  Rev.  Mr.  Stopford  was  attacked  and 
thoroughly  searched  for  documents  which  he  was  suspected  to  have.  Mr. 
Stopford  had  barely  time  to  get  out  of  bed  and  escape  through  a  back 
window  ;  he  hid  himself  for  an  hour  in  a  wet  ditch  where  he  lay  with  his 
shirt  off  fearing  it  would  attract  attention.  He  finally  got  refuge  in 
Blarney  Castle.  The  Muskerry  corps,  on  information,  arrested  some 
alleged  to  be  of  the  attacking  gang,  but  the  real  culprits  were  not  taken 
till  1799.  Meetings  were  now  held  all  over  the  country  to  raise 
voluntary  subscriptions  to  help  Government  in  procuring  means  of 
defence  against  invasion,  and  enormous  sums  were  quickly  subscribed. 
On  13th  March  the  Provincial  Committee  of  the  United  Irishmen  for 
Leinster  were,  on  information  received,  arrested  at  Mr.  Oliver  Bond's 
house  in  Bridge  Street,  Dublin,  Lord  Edward  Fitzgerald  just  escaping 
arrest  then  ;  and  on  the  17th  the  whole  garrison  at  Cork  were  kept 
by  General  Myers  under  arms  all  night  on  an  alarm  that  a  rising  was  to 
take  place  there,  and  the  yeomanry  patrolled  in  strong  bodies.  About 
5th  April  a  circular  was  sent  to  the  captain  of  the  Muskerry  Yeomanry, 
and  all  others,  requesting  them  to  suggest  to  their  companies  the 
necessity  of  their  coming  under  permanent  pay  and  performing  all  the 
duty  of  their  respective  districts,  so  that  the  militia  and  regular  forces 
should  be  concentrated  to  meet  emergencies.    This  was  acceded  to,  and 


ladies  and  children  left  Musketry  for  Cork  or  England,  except  some 
who  held  on  in  fortified  residences  ;  and  twelve  thousand  copies  of  a 
proclamation  were  issued,  intimating  that  the  military  and  yeomanry 
would  take  vigorous  measures  to  repress  disturbances  and  seize  arms. 
Notwithstanding  this,  large  armed  gangs  scoured  the  west  of  county  Cork, 
searching  houses  for  arms,  and  robbing  indiscriminately.  The  house  of 
John  Gillman,  at  Milane,  near  Dunmanway,  was  one  of  those  attacked, 
but  he  had  received  notice  of  their  approach,  and  was  aided  by  six 
soldiers,  whose  fire  killed  one  and  wounded  others,  of  whom  one  named 
T.  MacCarthy  was  captured,  and  soon  after  executed,  after  acknowledg- 
ing at  the  scaffold  the  justice  of  his  sentence,  which  he  hoped  would  be 
a  warning  to  other  deluded  persons.  On  Sunday,  29th  April,  a  pastoral 
letter  from  the  Roman  Catholic  bishop,  Dr.  Moylan,  was  read  in  all  the 
chapels  of  the  diocese  of  Cork,  exhorting  the  people  not  to  be  led  from 
their  allegiance  by  the  machinations  of  ill-designing  men,  which  had  a 
salutary  effect  in  preventing  many  in  the  county  Cork  from  joining  the 
insurgents.  In  Dublin,  on  the  following  Sunday,  the  noted  Major  Sirr 
captured  a  committee  of  United  Irishmen  at  the  house  of  a  publican  on 
Rogerson's  Quay  ;  and  on  the  19th  May  arrested  Lord  Edward  Fitz- 
gerald, after  a  desperate  struggle,  at  the  house  of  Murphy,  a  feather 
merchant  in  Thomas  Street.  Lord  Edward  died  soon  after  of  his  wounds 
then  received.  The  next  day  Henry  and  John  Sheares,  barristers,  were 
taken  and  committed  to  gaol  on  the  charge  of  high  treason.  For  this 
they  were  tried,  and  on  the  14th  July  were  executed  at  the  front  of  the 
new  prison  in  Dublin.  On  their  fate  the  ancestor,  to  whom  the  writer  is 
indebted  for  the  materials  of  this  sketch,  makes  this  comment  : — 
"  Thus  fell  victims  to  inordinate  ambition  two  gentlemen  of  talents  and 
learning,  sons  of  a  very  worthy  and  respectable  gentleman  of  Cork,  who 
happily  did  not  live  to  behold  their  untimely  fate  ;  their  heads  were 
severed  and  given  with  their  bodies  to  their  friends." 

These  arrests  precipitated  the  outbreak  of  rebellion  ;  those  engaged 
in  it  saw  they  had  not  time  to  wait  for  the  expected  aid  from  France, 
and  turned  desperately  at  bay.  On  the  27th  May,  1798,  the  first  news 
reached  Cork  of  the  insurrection,  and  of  Carlow,  Naas,  and  Prosperous 
being  attacked.  The  Loyal  Cork  Legion  and  the  Royal  Cork  Volun- 
teers took  charge  of  the  city,  thus  enabling  the  militia  and  guns  to 
march  away.  The  history  of  this  abortive  rebellion  and  its  scenes  of 
barbarism  is  told  in  well  known  works  ;  this  paper  is  concerned  with 
details  in  the  county  Cork  chiefly.  The  actual  place  of  fighting  was 
fortunately  outside  this  county  ;  and  it  is  doubtful  if  many  Corkmen 
joined  the  rebels  in  the  field.  The  mayor  and  sheriffs  of  Cork  issued  a 
proclamation  against  residents  harbouring  seditious  persons  in  their 


houses,  and  called  on  all  to  deilver  up  their  arms  ;  and  on  the  8th  June 
General  Myers,  having  occupied  with  troops  all  the  exits  from  the  city, 
caused  a  search  to  be  made  from  house  to  house  for  arms,  but  did  not 
find  many  concealed.  Soon  after  came  the  news  of  the  defeat  of  the 
rebels  at  Vinegar  Hill  ;  and  seven  Roman  Catholic  bishops  of  Munster 
sent  an  address  to  their  clergy  calling  for  their  "  utmost  endeavours 
against  this  baneful  contagion."  The  yeomanry  were  not  idle  in  the 
country  ;  the  Muskerry  corps  brought  from  Blarney,  and  the  Bandon 
corps  from  Bantry,  persons  charged  with  administering  unlawful  oaths 
and  other  treasons.  On  the  29th  June,  Government  issued  a  proclama- 
tion offering  pardon  to  all  rebels  in  arms  who  should  surrender  within 
fourteen  days.  At  Skibbereen  eleven  privates  of  the  Westmeath  Militia 
were  arrested  and  escorted  to  Cork  by  yeomanry,  where  they  were  after- 
wards tried  on  the  charge  of  being  United  Irishmen,  and  conspiring  to 
murder  their  officers  and  join  the  country  people  to  pillage  and  burn 
Skibbereen.  Some  comrades  turned  informers,  and  all  but  two  were 
found  guilty  ;  four  were  shot,  four  were  ordered  to  serve  abroad,  and  one 
received  a  thousand  lashes.  Fights  still  continued  at  various  places 
between  the  troops  and  detached  bodies  of  the  rebels,  but  the  rebellion 
had  now  practically  been  suppressed.  In  July  Lord  Cornwallis  became 
lord  lieutenant,  and  received  an  address  from  Roman  Catholic  gentlemen 
among  others,  offering  their  best  exertions  to  stay  the  insurrection. 
Signs  of  returning  tranquillity  became  more  manifest,  state  trials  for  past 
offences  being  the  only  reminders,  till  the  quiet  was  disturbed  in  i\ugust 
by  the  sudden  landing  of  a  small  French  force  at  Killala  bay,  but  they 
shortly  surrendered  to  a  force  under  Lord  Cornwallis  after  a  battle  at  a 
place  called  Ballinamuck  (Pigs-town).  The  forces  of  the  Crown  at  this 
time  in  Ireland  were — Ten  regiments  of  cavalry,  fifteen  of  foot,  twelve  of 
fencible  cavalry,  and  thirty  of  fencible  infantry,  two  of  English,  and 
thirty-seven  of  Irish  militia,  besides  nearly  two  hundred  corps  of  volun- 
teers, cavalry  and  infantry.  On  the  6th  October  the  royal  assent  was 
given  to  an  Act  for  a  free  pardon,  on  conditions,  to  the  misguided  men 
who  had  engaged  in  a  profitless  rebellion. 

The  Muskerry  Cavalry  had  continued  on  duty  in  their  district  all  this 
time  ;  and  a  Major  Harris  was  in  military  command  of  all  the  forces 
there.  The  following  address  and  reply  shows  the  cordial  relations 
between  them  : — 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  at  Parade,  Sunday,  16*  Deer-,  1798, 
Resolved  unanimously,  That  the  Thanks  of  this  Corps  be  presented  to  Brigade-Major 
Harris  for  his  kind  and  polite  attention  to  us  since  his  appointment  to  this  District. 

Signed  by  Order, 

James  Gollock,  Sec. 


Gentlemen,  Bandon%  Dec.  17,  1798. 

I  feel  myself  highly  gratified  that  my  Conduet  has  been  such  as  to  be  approved 
of  by  SO  respectable  a  Corps  as  the  Muskerry  Cavalry;  and  be  assured,  Gentlemen, 
it  shall  always  be  my  utmost  ambition  to  continue  to  merit  your  approbation. 
I  have  the  honour  to  be,  Gentlemen, 

Your  most  Obliged  &  very  Humble  .Servant, 
To  the  Gentlemen  of  the  Aijell  Harris, 

Muskerry  Cavalry.  B,  Major. 

The  year  1799  was  one  in  which  plans  for  the  coming  Union  between 
Ireland  and  Great  Britain  were  much  discussed,  the  opinions  for  and 
against  it  following  very  much  the  religions  of  the  disputants.  The  com- 
piler of  the  materials  from  which  the  present  paper  is  derived  records  his 
opinion  that  it  might  have  been  "carried  this  year  in  spite  of  the  utmost 
opposition  of  the  Roman  Catholics,  but  that  Lord  Cornwallis  thought 
otherwise,  and  conducted  himself  accordingly  in  the  government  of  this 
kingdom."  The  duties  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  this  year  were  wholly 
police  duties,  chiefly  concerned  with  some  atrocious  murders.  The  first 
was  that  of  Mr.  Timothy  MacCarthy  ,(3>  of  Currabeha,  parish  of  Inniscarra, 
whose  house  was  attacked  on  Saturday  night,  19th  January,  and  the  door 
was  soon  forced  open.  Mr.  MacCarthy  fired  at  the  assailants  and  killed 
one,  on  which  he  was  dragged  into  his  garden  and  received  several  stabs, 
and  finally  had  his  head  beaten  in.  After  this,  Michael  MacCarthy,  an 
old  man  in  the  house,  was  also  killed.  Mrs.  MacCarthy  was  compelled 
to  give  up  her  keys,  whereon  the  house  was  searched  and  all  valuables 
were  taken,  and  bonds  and  promissory  notes  and  other  documents  (the 
probable  motive  for  the  attack)  were  destroyed,  and  the  assailants  did 
not  leave  till  they  had  eaten  and  drank  all  provisions  and  spirits  in  the 
house.  The  Muskerry  corps  were  quickly  in  pursuit,  and  on  the  next 
Monday  had  arrested  and  lodged  in  gaol  eleven  of  those  implicated  in 
the  murders  ;  and  on  6th  March,  another  named  Redmond  Geary,  and  on 
the  2 1st  they  took  twenty-seven  more,  some  of  whom  turned  approvers. 
Next  day,  aided  by  a  detachment  of  the  Berwickshire  Cavalry,  and  acting 
on  secret  information,  they  searched  Glounthane,  in  the  north  of  Donough- 
more  parish,  and  arrested  two,  named  Cotter,  out  of  three  whom  they 
were  searching  for.  Several  of  the  persons  arrested  were  afterwards 
hung.  The  country  was  at  this  time  very  much  disturbed  owing  to 
hopes  of  a  renewed  landing  of  the  French,  and  a  fleet  of  forty  ships  of 
war  was  got  ready  at  Portsmouth  to  oppose  them  ;  and  on  the  16th  of 
March  the  county  of  Cork  was  proclaimed  as  being  disturbed  "  owing  to 
the  recent  atrocities"  (murders,  houghing  cattle,  etc.)  therein,  and  all 
householders  were  directed  to  put  on  their  doors  a  list  of  the  inmates,  of 

(3)  A  proctor  renting  the  tithes  of  Inniscarra  parish. 



whom  no  one  was  to  be  absent  from  home  between  eight  p.m.  and  sun- 
rise next  morning.  On  the  25th  the  "  notorious  Captain  Slasher  "  was 
brought  in  to  prison  by  the  Muskerry  Cavalry,  under  command  of  Captain 
Augustus  Warren.  Martial  law  was  in  force,  and  the  general  court- 
martial  convicted  one  Timothy  Crowley  of  conspiracy,  with  others,  to 
murder  a  gentleman  at  Dunmanway,  and  sentenced  him  to  transporta- 
tion for  life.  The  repetition  of  details  of  similar  occurrences  would  be 
wearisome  ;  and  this  part  of  the  present  paper  will  conclude  with  an 
account  of  a  murder  which  is  to  the  present  day  still  fresh  in  the 
memory  of  Muskerry,  that  of  Robert  Hutchinson,  of  Codrum,  near 
Macroom.  The  circumstances  of  the  murder  are  told  in  a  letter  from 
Macroom  to  the  compiler  of  the  materials  now  drawn  on.  On  the  night 
.of  Friday,  19th  April,  Mr.  Hutchinson's  house  was  broken  into,  and  he 
was  aroused  by  his  servant-man  who  told  him  that  robbers  were  below  ; 
the  man,  advising  his  master  to  remain  in  bed,  said  he  would  go  down 
stairs  himself,  but  instead  of  that  went  to  the  garret  to  call  (he  said) 
another  servant  who  slept  outside.  Mr.  Hutchinson,  though  debilitated 
from  gout,  got  up  and  dressed,  and,  going  down  stairs  was  heard  by  his 
sister  to  call  out,  "  D — n  you,  you  rascal,  what  brings  you  here?"  He 
had  recognised  one  of  the  party — another  servant  of  his  own.  Upon 
this  he  was  killed  by  being  stabbed — as  the  letter  relates — the  wound 
being  thought  to  be  inflicted  by  something  like  "  the  bar  of  a  palisade." 
On  the  following  Wednesday  the  Muskerry  corps  brought  in  eight 
persons  arrested  for  the  murder,  and  soon  after  they  secured  three  more, 
and  the  names  of  several  more  were  known.  Some  of  those  arrested 
were  committed  to  gaol  by  John  Warren,  J.P.  A  conspiracy  was  formed 
thereupon  to  murder  Mr.  Warren,  and  for  this  three  men  were  arrested 
and  executed.  This  gentleman  had  about  the  same  time  committed 
eight  men  for  breaking  into  the  house  of  Mr.  Stopford,  at  Blarney,  as 
before  related. (4)  A  large  reward  had  been  offered  for  the  prosecution  to 
conviction  of  the  murderers  of  Mr.  Hutchinson,  and  this  bore  fruit  in  a 
way  that  caused  surprise.  As  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  were  escorting  some 
of  those  arrested  to  bridewell  in  Macroom,  one  villain  made  a  sign  to  a 
gentleman,  a  trooper  in  the  corps,  that  he  wished  to  make  a  discovery. 
This  man,  whose  name  was  (5)  Malachi  Duggan,  was  put  in  a  separate 
cell  and  there  told  the  details  in  full.  On  being  asked  the  manner  of 
Mr.  Hutchinson's  death,  he  said  Mr.  Hutchinson  had  been  shot.    As  the 

(4)  One  of  these  eight,  John  Buckley,  of  Blarney,  was  found  guilty  of  the  burglary, 
and  was  executed  on  21st  June,  at  Blarney.  His  body  was  buried  in  the  "  Croppie's 
Hole,"  in  the  new  gaol  at  Cork. 

(5)  The  name  remains  still  vividly  in  the  minds  of  the  peasantry  of  Muskerry,  and 
is  used  as  a  term  of  reproach  to  a  tell-tale,  or  an  informer  ;  and  the  phrase,  "You'd 
beat  Malachi  himself,"  is  in  use  to  a  robust  liar. 


universal  belief  was  that  he  had  been  stabbed,  doubt  was  thrown  on 
Duggatl's  veracity  ;  but  he  asked  that  the  body  be  exhumed.  This 
request  was  complied  with,  and  the  body  was  examined  by  Dr.  Ronayne, 
of  Cork,  and  a  surgeon  of  the  Louth  militia,  who  found  that  Mr.  Hutch- 
inson had  been  shot  through  the  heart,  which  had  been  nearly  blown  to 
pieces,  not  more  than  one-eight  part  remaining.  Several  pellets  of  duck- 
shot  were  extracted.  Thus  Duggan's  account  was  confirmed.  Several 
convictions  and  more  arrests  followed.  On  the  ioth  May  John  Duggan 
(son  of  Malachi)  alias  "  Captain  Thunderbolt,"  Timothy  MacCarthy,  and 
Owen  Scanlan  were  convicted  of  the  murder  before  the  general  court- 
martial,  and  on  the  13th  two  others  ;  and  on  the  14th  all  five  were  hung 
at  Macroom,  and  their  heads  set  up  on  spikes  on  the  bridewell,  where 
they  remained  till  well  within  the  memory  of  persons  still  living.  The 
trial  of  these  men  brought  out  clearly  the  exterminating  system  of  the 
United  Irishmen  ;  they  believed  they  were  to  "  free  "  their  country  by 
desolating  it  and  murdering  every  one  of  property  and  loyalty.  Reen? 
Mr.  Hutchinson's  own  servant,  was  also  tried  on  the  13th  and  afterwards 
convicted,  and  with  another  was  hung  at  Macroom  on  3rd  June,  their 
heads  also  being  set  up.  On  the  7th  July  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  brought 
in  three  more  men  arrested  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Macroom,  and 
sixteen  others  in  the  wood  of  Glenflesk  or  near  it,  charged  with  abetting 
the  murder.  Two  of  these,  Charles  and  Owen  MacCarthy,  brothers, 
were  convicted  and  hanged  as  above,  at  Macroom,  on  the  ioth  of  July  ; 
and  on  the  8th  the  sixteen  men  taken  at  Glenflesk  were  tried  before 
William  Crooke  and  Francis  Johnson,  two  justices  appointed  as  com- 
mission for  trying  malefactors,  and  were  convicted  of  aiding  in  this  and 
other  outrages  and  sentenced  to  transportation  for  life.  Such  were  the 
consequences  of  this  useless  and  inhuman  murder  of  a  gentleman  who  is 
described  as  sincere  as  a  friend,  kind  as  a  neighbour,  charitable  and  for- 
bearing as  a  landlord,  and  benevolent  and  lenient  as  a  magistrate. 

The  names  of  the  members  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  at  this  period  is 
given  in  the  advertisement,  in  which  they  offered  685  guineas  for  prose- 
cution to  conviction.  The  names  are  as  follow,  the  amounts  subscribed 
following  each  name  respectively  : — 



Augs-  Warren,  capt.    .  . 

•  •  30 

Henry  Lindsay.  . 

..  5 

Saml.  Swete,  lieut. 

•  •  30 

Daniel  Gibbs 

. .  20 

George  Rye,  2nd  lieut.  .  . 

•  •  30 

Joseph  Woodley 


Cain.  McCarthy 

..  3 

John  Williams,  jun. 


Wm.  Howd  Holland   .  . 

..  5 

Daniel  Morphy.  . 


Wm.  Boyle 


Daniel  Nash 


Thomas  Barter.  . 


Samuel  Kerby 

. .  10 

Richd.  Barter 


Daniel  F.  Leahy 

..  5 






John  Rye  Coppinger  


Wallis  Colthurst,  Dripsey  Castle 

•  .  I 

Daniel  Horgan 


Joseph  Colthurst,  do. 

•  •  I 

Richd.  Splaine  .  . 


Charles  Colthurst,  do. 

Eps-  Crooke 


Sir  R.  Warren,  bart. 

Wm-  Ashe 


Abrm.  Cross 

Richd.  Ashe,  sen. 


Robert  Travers.  . 


J.  Warren,  Windsor 


Henry  Cross 

•  •  J 

Henry  Baldwin 


Corless  Hawkes 


James  Gollock 


Joseph  Bennett 

Richard  Lawton 


William  Crooke 


John  Bowen 


John  Williams 

Richd.  Ashe,  jun  


Thomas  Leahy.  . 


Michael  Williams 


Wm-  Grainger 


John  Gibbs,  elk. 


S.  Davies,  elk. 


•  •  J 

William  Holland,  sen. 


Robt.  Ashe,  elk. 


John  Brown 


John  Larimore 


Edwd.  Kenny,  elk.      .  .        .  . 


Hugh  Larimore 


Henry  Rubie 


John  Gibbs,  jun. 

James  B.  Barry.  . 


Webb  Gillman 


James  Barry 


Robt.  Warren,  elk. 


John  Good 


Edward  Warren,  elk. 

I O 

Thomas  Good 

Thomas  G.  Coppinger 


John  Colthurst,  Dripsey  Castle 


Stephen  Masters 


Paul  Horgan 


Thomas  Gollock 


Henry  B.  Brown 


Matt.  Minhear  .  .        .  . 



Nic«-  White  


Robert  McCarthy 


•  •  tr 

John  F.  Whiting 


Robert  Baldwin,  jun. 


John  F.  Colthurst,  Dripsey  Castle  .  . 


Walter  McCarthy 

•  •  J 

Richd.  Radley  


Sir  N.  Colthurst,  bart. 


Henry  Coppinger 


Augustus  Warren,  jun. 

.  .  10 

George  Herrick 


H.  G.  Barry,  brig.  maj. 

.  .  if. 

John  Pyne 


Tristram  Sand,  elk. 


John  Travers 


David  Grannel,  elk. 


Joseph  Dowe 


John  Sullivan 


George  Barber 


William  Grainger 


James  B.  Colthurst,  Dripsey  Castle.  . 


Thomas  J.  Coppinger 

•  •  5 

Nicholas  Colthurst,  do. 


Joseph  Capel 

. .  30 

The  names  of  clergymen  in  the  above  list  need  not  occasion  surprise. 
Clergy  were  enrolled  again  when  the  corps  was  re-embodied  in  1822  ; 
the  best  men  of  all  classes  in  the  country  joined  together  for  the  sup- 
pression of  outrages. 

[Note. — My  materials  reach  to  the  year  1818  ;  but  enough  has  been  said  to  illus- 
trate the  work  of  the  Muskerry  Yeomanry,  and,  I  fear,  to  weary  any  reader  who  may 
read  through  to  this  point.— H,  W.  G.] 

(To  be  co?itinued.) 


<Lhe  jVlacfinnin  jMacCarthys  oj  )\rdtully. 




r  page  seventy-eight  of  the  present  volume  of  this 
Journal,  the  editor  of  the  Sloane  MS.,  which  describes 
the  "  Rise  and  Progress  of  the  Rebellion  in  Munster, 
1642,"  expresses  in  a  note  his  wish  that  he  could 
identify  further  the  family  of  Florence  MacDonell 
MacFinin  MacCarthy,  who  fell  fighting  bravely  in 
opposing  the  sally  of  the  garrison  of  Cork  in  March, 

The  following  particulars  relate  to  the  family  of  that 
"  right  valiant  gentleman,  called  by  nickname  '  Captain 
Suggane,' "  Mr.  Fynyne  MacCarthy,  who  took  an  active 
part  in  the  rebellion  of  1641. 
On  the  15th  October,  1853,  an  article  appeared  in  the  Nation  news- 
The  Nation      PaPer  on  "  The  Clan  of  MacCarrha,"  of  which  the  following 
newspaper,      is  an  extract : — "  Now  for  the  MacFinnans.    This  was  the 
15th  Oct.,  1853.  distinctive  titje  0f  the  MacCarthys  of  Ardentully,  now 
Ardtully,  near  Kenmare,  whose  chiefs  in  every  generation  down  to  the 
last  were  so  styled.    Geoffrey  MacCarthy,  of  Tulla,  not  far  from  their 
former  castle,  was  the  last  that  bore  it.   He  was  the  fifteenth  MacFinnan 
in  direct  line  from  Dermod  Tralee,  so  called  from  having  been  assassinated 
in  the  assize  court  of  that  ancient  town,  and  in  the  very  presence  of  the 
judges,  by  the  fourth  Lord  Kerry  in  1325,  and  was  father  of  the  late 
respected  Randal  MacFinnan  MacCarthy,  C.C.,  Killarney,  as  well  as  of 
the  present  equally  respected  Daniel  MacCarthy,  professor  of  rhetoric  at 
the  Royal  College  of  Maynooth,  etc.    One  of  the  most  distinguished  of 
those  chieftains  who  led  their  clans  to  the  unnatural  combat  between 
James  II.  and  his  son-in-law  was  Donal  MacFinnan,  the  fourth  in  line  of 
ascent  from  Geoffrey.    He  it  was  who  gloriously  defended  the  ford  of 
Slane  on  the  1st  July,  1690,  leaving  three  hundred  of  his  brave  Kilgarvan- 
men  dead  in  the  Boyne.    He  fell  at  Aughrim.    Trinity  College  has  his 
estates.    His  descendants  are  landless." 

Dermod  of  Tralee  was  second  son  to  Donal  Roe  MacCarthy  Mor, 
Lodge  and  king  °f  Desmond,  by  his  wife,  Margaret,  daughter  to  the 
Cronnelly,  third  Lord  Kerry,  who  married  Slaine,  the  daughter  of 
p'  O'Brien,  prince  of  Thomond,  and  was  murdered  by  his  own 

first  cousin. 


2  1  I 

In  the  course  of  centuries  the  spelling  of  the  name  underwent  several 
changes,  MaghFinnin,  McFinghin,  MacFion,  MacFynyne,  MacFinin, 
McFineen,  etc.,  etc.,  all  appertaining  to  the  same  family. 

In  the  reign  of  Elizabeth  (1588)  Sir  Warham  St.  Leger  returned 
State  Papers,  MacFinin  of  Desmond  as  one  of  the  great  lords  of 
Brit.  Museum,  countries,  whose  grandson,  the  brave  Captain  Suggane, 
was  brother  to  Major  MacFineen  who,  at  the  head  of  his  battalion 
under  command  of  Lord  Muskerry,  was  slain  on  the  5th  July,  1652,  at 
Smith's  Hist,  the  battle  of  Knockniclasby,  county  Cork,  and  to  Donogh 
Kerry >  p.  314-  McFi  nneen  of  Ardtully  Castle,  near  Kenmare,  who  enter- 
tained in  1645  Rinuccini,  the  nuncio,  Prince  of  Fermo,  and  twenty-two 
Italians,  as  related  by  the  Rev.  C.  P.  Meehan  : — "  That  night  the  nuncio 
was  hospitably  entertained  by  the  lord  of  that  mansion  and  region, 
The  Rise  and  who  treated  him  with  great  magnificence.  There  he  rested 
Fall  of  the     -two  days.    The  actual  lord  of  the  circumjacent  country, 

Monasteries,  called  Glenaroughty,  according  to  immemorial  Irish  custom, 
P-  35 T-  is  the  FacFinneen,  a  dignity  which  with  the  estates  always 

devolved  on  the  male  heir  alone. 

The  MacFinneen  at  that  time  was  Donagh  MacCarthy,  a  noble 
singularly  distinguished  for  his  many  excellences,  of  the  royal  and 
most  ancient  family  of  the  MacCarthies,  etc.  All  were  hospitably 
entertained  in  Ardtully  by  the  MacFinneen  and  his  excellent  wife 
Catherine  MacCarthy,  daughter  of  Lord  Muskerry,  etc/' 

Donogh  was  father  to  Colonel  Donal  MacFinneen,  who  fell  at 
Aughrim,  and  who,  on  the  nth  April,  i69i,with  Brigadier 
Story  part  2,  Carroll  and  Colonel  MacCarthy,  commanded  fifteen  hun- 
dred men  at  Enniskeen. 

After  Donal's  death  the  estates  were  confiscated  among  the  one 
hundred  thousand  acres  in  the  county  of  Kerry  belonging  to  those 
chieftains  who  took  part  in  the  Revolution  of  1688. 

His  son  Randal  was  the  last  tenant  of  the  line  who  resided  at 

The  Ardtully,  and  who  built  in  1743  the  house  at  Tulla,  near 

MacCarthys  of  Kenmare,  where  the  present  generation  were  born  and  still 
Gleannacroim,       .  ,  r  °_ 

by  MacCarthy  reside.  His  name  and  year  of  erection  are  engraven  on  a 
Glas.  p.,  174.  Coign  stone  in  the  old  residence.  Randal's  son,  Randal, 
was  father  to  Geoffrey  MacFinnin,  whose  wife  was  always  called  Madame 

The  Rev.  Randal  MacFinnin  MacCarthy,  and  the  Right  Rev.  Daniel 
MacCarthy,  late  bishop  of  Kerry,  were  the  sons  of  Geoffrey. 

On  the  death  of  Randal  the  title  devolved  on  the  eldest  brother, 
Eugene,  born  in  1803,  whose  eldest  son,  Randal  MacFinnin  MacCarthy, 
of  Largo  House,  Rathmines,  Dublin,  born  23rd  May,  1833,  is  the  senior 


living  representative  and  lined  descendant  of  this  once  potent  sept  of 
the  great  MacCarrhas. 

Daniel  MacFion  MacCarthy  was  M.l\  for  Clonakitty 

Davis.  .  ,0 

in  1089. 

In  the  Dirge  of  Ireland,  composed  in  Irish  by  the  Right  Rev.  Bishop 

rp  ,  .  , ,  O'Connor  of  Kerry,  in  1704,  there  is  a  footnote  to  the  line 
J  ranslated  by  ✓ »        /  -n 

Dr.  O'Breniian,  "  MacFinan  from  the  bosom  of  Eingit,"  thus  : — "  The  Mac- 
P"  87,  Finnin,  etc.,  whose  patrimony  was  at  Ardtully,  near  Ken- 

mare,  etc.  Eugene  MacCarthy  of  Tully  is  still  styled  the  McEinnan,  is 
the  lineal  descendant  of  those  chiefs." 

In  1822  three  cantos  were  published  on  the  love  of  Desmond  and 
Adeline  MacFinnan  : — 

"  The  rocks  festooning  was  MacFinnan's  child." 

"  In  seeming  hate  MacFinnan's  daughter  named." 

"Farewell !  farewell !  MacFinnan's  child,"  etc.,  etc. — 

The  Spirit  of  the  Lakes  ;  or,  Muckross  Abbey,  1822. 

Letter  dated         "  Since  my  last  letters  unto  your  honor  touching  the 

12th  July,  1588,  marriage  of  the  Earl  of  Clancar's  daughter,  there  have 

to  Sir  F.  Wal-  been  here  apprehended,  by  Mr.  Vice-President's  direction, 
sinsham  secre- 

tary  of  State,  Florence  MacCarthy,  the  Countess  of  Clancar,  MacFinnin, 
frorcj^Sir  Wm.  anci  others,  who  were  all  committed  to  Castlemain." 

"  With  all  their  kindred  clans,  the  MacFinnins  joined  in 
the  great  outbreak  of  1641,  and  are  conspicuous  above  most  of  them 
by  their  activity  in  the  fierce  struggles  of  that  time.  The  names  of  no 
The  fewer  than  three  brothers  of  them  appear  in  the  deposi- 

MacCarthys  of  tions,  etc.    Of  the  fate  of  two  of  these  we  are  in  uncer- 

Ci  le  (iwiCLcroiwi 

by  MacCarthy  tainty  (3  ante),  but  the  third,  who  is  called  *  the  famous 
Glas-  Captain  Suggane,'  lost  his  life  at  that  time,  etc.    At  the 

Boyne  the  chief  of  this  sept  fought  at  the  head  of  three  hundred  of  his 
clansmen,  etc. 

"  The  father  of  Dr.  MacCarthy  and  his  two  brothers  was  Geoffrey, 
son  of  Randal,  who  was  son  of  Randal,  called  of  Tullo,  in  the  parish  of 
Kenmare,  who  was  son  of  Daniel,  the  heroic  defender  of  the  bridge  and 
ford  of  Slane." 

"  The  few  members  of  the  family  of  the  chieftain  who  survived  the 
defeat  of  Aughrim,  in  which  MacFinnin  himself  fell  with  two  brothers, 
and  two  of  his  sons-in-law  were  borne  on  the  stream  of  fugitives  to 



.      ,  "  We  have  in  the  appendix  a  short  notice  of  the 

Review  oi  rr 

MacCarthy      MacCarthys  MacFinnin,  and  all  our  regret  is  that  it  is  so 

Glas's  book  by  short  This  branch  of  the  MacCarthys,  located  in  Ardtully 
the  Freeman  s  r         ^  . 

Journal,  iSth    Castle,  near  Kenmare,  derive  their  descent  from  Dermod 

May,  1875.  of  Tralee,  who  was  the  younger  son  of  Donal  Roe,  prince 
of  Desmond.  This  family  lost  their  property  in  the  Williamite  confisca- 
tion. The  most  remarkable  members  of  it  were  Dermod  of  Tralee, 
slain  by  Maurice,  fourth  Lord  Kerry,  on  the  bench  of  justice,  before  the 
judge  ;  and  in  long  generations  after,  Donal  MacFinnin,  the  heroic 
defender  of  the  bridge  of  Slane  at  the  Boyne.  The  descent  from  Donal 
of  Slane  to  the  present  day  is  complete,  but  between  him  and  Desmond 
of  Tralee  there  are  but  few  of  the  many  generations  given." 

The  MacCarthys. 

Anna/s  of  "  Without  insisting,  with  Keating,  that  the  ancestry  of 

hinisfallen;     the  MacCarthy  family  could  be  traced  through  twenty- 

°fBfyle>'  °jt.  eicrht  monarchs  who  governed  the  island  before  the  Christian 
ulster '  and  1  he 

Irish  Ecclesias-  era,  we  may  assert  with  the  Abbe  MacGeoghegan  that  if 
M%^865^'  reSarc*  be  had  to  primogeniture  and  seniority  of  descent, 
the  MacCarthy  family  is  the  first  in  Ireland. 

Long  before  the  founders  of  the  oldest  royal  families  in  Europe — 
before  Rodolph  acquired  the  empire  of  Germany  or  a  Bourbon  ascended 
the  throne  of  France,  Cormac  MacCarthy  ruled  over  Munster,  and  the 
title  of  king  was  at  least  continued  in  name  to  his  posterity  down  to  the 
reign  of  Elizabeth.  '  Few  pedigrees,  if  any,'  says  Sir  B.  Burke,  '  in  the 
British  empire  can  be  traced  to  a  more  remote  or  exalted  source  than 
that  of  the  Celtic  house  of  MacCarthy.' " 

As  regards  the  old  castle,  like  the  family,  scarcely  a  vestige  remains. 
Close  to  its  ruins,  on  the  right  bank  of  the  Roughty,  a  fine  mansion  was 
erected  some  forty  years  ago  by  the  late  Sir  Richard  Orpen,  of  Dublin, 
whose  family  acquired  from  Trinity  College — either,  I  think,  by  purchase 
or  long  lease — several  thousand  acres  of  the  property. 

About  two  miles  from  Ardtully  is  Callan,  where  in  1261  a  battle  was 
fought  between  the  MacCarthys  and  Geraldines,  who  were  defeated, 
suffering,  it  is  alleged,  the  loss  of  eighteen  barons,  fifteen  knights,  with 
many  adherents.  In  this  engagement  Daniel  MacCarthy  fell,  and  was 
buried  on  the  battlefield  : — 

"  And  this  is  thy  grave,  MacCarra, 
Here  by  the  pathway  lone, 
Where  the  thorn  blossoms  are  bending 
Over  thy  moulder  stone. 


Alas  !  for  the  sons  of  glory  ; 

Oh  !  thou  of  the  darkened  brow, 
And  the  eagle  plume  and  the  belted  elans, 

Is  it  here  thou  art  sleeping  now  ?" — 

Mus.  Downing,  1840. 

I  give  annexed  one  of  a  dozen  verses  published  some  twenty-five 
years  ago  on  the  revival  of  the  title  "  MacCarthy  Mor,"  and  an  extract 
from  an  article  which  appeared  in  May,  1865,  on  the  ancient  lineage  of 
the  MacCarthys  : — 

"  Let  us  make  the  MacCarthy  Mor, 
Let  ;us  seek  the  wisest  and  best, 
Let  us  choose  of  the  clan  the  foremost  man, 
And,  trusting  to  God  for  the  rest, 
Let  us  make  the  MacCarthy  Mor. 

Oh,  it  must  not,  shall  not  die, 

Too  long  in  the  dust  it  has  lain — 
The  grand  old  name  that  with  Heber  came, 

And  the  gallant  chiefs  from  Spain. 

Then  up  from  the  echoing  hills, 

And  up  from  the  sounding  shore, 
Let  the  scattered  clan  select  their  man, 

And  make  him  the  MacCarthy  Mor." — 

The  Nation,  25th  March,  1873. 

Che  Climate  oj  Cork. 


nO  doubt  some  will  say  that  the  subject  chosen  for  this  paper  is  unpopular, 
uninteresting,  and  dry.  But  when  it  is  remembered  that  the  state  of  the 
weather  forms  the  introduction  to  almost  every  conversation,  it  must  be 
admitted  that  it  is  the  most  popular  that  could  be  taken  up,  and,  there- 
fore, we  may  naturally  conclude  the  most  interesting;  and  as  to  its  being 
dry,  a  moment's  consideration  will  convince  any  one  that  the  climate  of  Cork  cannot 
possibly  be  a  dry  subject. 

Though  the  state  of  the  weather  may  be  a  suitable  introduction  to  general  conver- 
sation, it  should  be  used  only  as  such,  and  not  form  the  entire  subject  of  discourse.  It 
is  remarked  of  some  persons  that  but  for  the  changeable  nature  of  our  climate  there 
would  be  no  variety  in  their  conversation. 

"  They  sit  in  close  committee  on  the  sky, 
Report  it  hot,  or  cold,  or  wet,  or  dry, 
And  find  in  changing  climate  happy  source 
Of  wise  reflection,  and  well-timed  discourse." 


If  we  enquire  after  the  health  ot  a  friend,  converse  about  the  National  Debt,  or 
discuss  the  Spectrum  Analysis,  we  introduce  the  subject  by  remarks  on  the  state  of 
the  weather,  and  glide  imperceptibly  into  either  of  these  topics,  or  into  any  other,  no 
matter  if  it  be  the  antipodes  of  that  which  originated  the  conversation. 

Though  every  one  considers  himself  competent  to  give  an  opinion  on  the  climate  of 
his  locality,  or  the  state  of  the  weather  at  any  given  period,  it  is  strange  what  undefined, 
vague,  and  erroneous  views  are  held  on  what  appears  at  first  sight  a  simple  subject. 
Unless  accurate  observations  are  made  and  recorded,  we  cannot  compare  the  tempera- 
ture, humidity  of  atmosphere,  rainfall,  etc.,  of  one  period  with  those  of  another,  or  with 
a  corresponding  period  in  previous  years ;  nor  can  we  compare  or  contrast  our  climate 
in  any  of  its  particulars  with  those  of  other  countries. 

The  latitude  and  its  mean  temperature  were  formerly  supposed  to  have  a  fixed 
relationship.  From  this  belief  originated  the  geographical  arrangement  of  climate, 
which  implies  a  succession  of  zones  or  belts  parallel  to  the  equator  and  to  each  other, 
extending  from  the  equator  to  the  poles,  in  each  of  which  as  you  depart  from  the 
equator  the  longest  day  is  half  an  hour  longer  than  in  the  preceding.  From  the  polar 
circle  to  the  poles,  the  climates  are  measured  by  the  increase  of  a  month.  Cork  is 
situated  at  the  northern  boundary  of  the  eighth  climate,  which  extends  to  51  degrees  59 
minutes  north  latitude.  The  longest  day  is  therefore  sixteen  hours.  The  northern 
portion  of  the  county  of  Cork  is  situated  in  the  ninth  climate. 

Each  climate  as  it  recedes  from  the  equator  is  supposed  to  represent  a  colder 
temperature  than  the  preceding ;  this  as  a  general  rule  is  the  case,  but  there  are 
several  exceptions  through  interfering  causes,  such  as  proximity  to  the  ocean  which 
has  a  tendency  to  equalize  the  temperature,  or  at  least  to  moderate  the  extremes.  In 
places  so  situated,  all  other  things  being  equal,  the  winters  are  less  severe,  and  the 
summers  milder  than  would  have  been  the  case  under  other  circumstances.  The 
Gulf  Stream  has  a  powerful  influence  in  lessening  the  otherwise  great  severity  of  our 
winters.  Some  places  not  so  highly  favoured  as  we  are  in  this  respect,  though 
situated  in  the  same  parallel  of  latitude,  experience  an  extreme  of  winter  temperature 
to  which  fortunately  we  are  strangers,  reaching  to  30  or  40  degrees  below  zero, 
and  in  some  places  to  60  degrees  below  the  greatest  cold  experienced  by  us. 
Canada  on  the  west,  and  Northern  Russia  on  the  east  are  striking  illustrations. 

The  temperatnre  of  a  country  or  district  is  moderated  by  the  shelter  from  cold 
winds  afforded  by  high  mountain  chains.  There  are  other  local  causes  the  existence 
or  absence  of  which  modify  the  temperature  of  a  district,  such  as  great  forests,  large 
sandy  plains,  depth  of  soil,  or  an  extensive  system  of  drainage. 

The  lines  of  equal  annual  mean  temperature  extending  round  the  globe  are  irregular 
curves,  being  neither  parallel  to  the  equator  or  to  each  other,  some  portions  curving 
towards  the  north  and  others  towards  the  south.  This  is  owing  to  the  various  local 
influences  referred  to  above.  The  isothermal  line,  representing  50  degrees,  about  the 
mean  temperature  of  Cork,  or  more  correctly  the  mean  of  Ireland,  curves  downward  as 
it  passes  eastwardly  through  Europe  and  Asia,  touching  the  northern  portion  of  the 
Black  Sea,  and  passing  through  the  centre  of  the  Caspian  Sea,  reaches  the  Pacific 
Ocean  at  40  degrees  north  latitude,  which  is  about  12  degrees  lower  than  that 
of  Cork ;  the  same  line  passing  westwardly  enters  the  American  Continent  at 
43  degrees  north  latitude,  curves  gradually  towards  the  south,  then  rising  more 
steeply  enters  the  Pacific  Ocean  at  44  degrees  north  latitude.  Other  isothermal  lines 
are  more  irregular  and  embrace  greater  extremes  of  latitude. 

But  it  is  in  the  meteorological  not  in  the  geographical  aspect  that  we  wish  to  view 
the  subject  under  consideration.    The  climate  of  anyplace  does  not  merely  refer  to  its 


temperature,  but  includes  the  dryness  or  moisture  of  the  atmosphere, amount  oi  rainfall, 
prevailing  winds,  or  any  other  atmospheric  phenomena  for  which  it  may  be  remarkable. 

This  subject  has,  or  at  least  ought  to  have,  an  interest  for  all,  as  every  one  is  more 
or  less  affected  by  its  influence;  the  student  of  health,  whether  professional  or  other- 
wise, the  agriculturist,  the  man  of  commerce,  as  well  as  the  admirer  of  nature  in  all  its 
varied  aspects. 

As  it  is  hard  if  not  impossible  to  have  a  clear  intelligent  idea  of  anything  without 
comparing  it  with  others  of  the  same  nature  or  kind,  it  will  be  necessary  occasionally 
to  compare  or  contrast  our  climate  in  some  of  its  particulars  with  that  of  other  places 
in  Ireland  or  elsewhere. 

Perhaps  it  may  be  well  before  entering  directly  on  the  subject  in  hand  to  say  a  few 
words  on  the  barometer,  that  most  useful  of  meteorological  instruments.  If  its 
variations  be  intelligently  observed,  in  conjunction  with  the  direction  and  change  of 
wind  and  the  indications  of  the  hygrometer,  the  coming  weather  for  at  least  twenty- 
four  hours  may  be  foretold  in  nine  cases  out  of  ten. 

The  mean  height  of  the  barometer  in  the  British  Isles,  at  sea  level  and  reduced  to 
freezing  point,  is  29-95  inches.  Once  in  twelve  months  it  may  rise  to  3070  inches,  and 
fall  to  2870  inches.  In  the  winter  of  1837-8  it  fell  to  below  28  inches,  the  lowest  re- 
corded this  century  ;  and  on  the  18th  of  January,  1882,  it  rose  to  30-94  inches.  On  the 
latter  occasion  the  probability  of  a  rapid  fall  was  telegraphed  to  all  the  mining 
districts,  as  the  pent  up  gases  would  be  set  at  liberty  through  quickly-diminished 
atmospheric  pressure.  Since  then,  viz.,  on  the  9th  of  last  January,  the  barometer, 
corrected  to  sea  level  and  freezing  point,  reached  31  inches  at  Cork.  As  is  generally 
the  case  with  an  unusually  high  barometer,  the  air  was  still,  and  a  slight  haze  obscured 
the  view  of  distant  objects. 

According  to  the  meteorologist,  Dove,  it  is  calculated  that  the  mean  temperature  of 
the  whole  earth  is  58  degrees  Fahrenheit ;  that  of  the  northern  hemisphere  being 
597  degrees ;  and  of  the  southern,  56-5  degrees.  The  difference  is  principally  owing 
to  the  fact  that  the  sun  shines  about  seven  days  longer  in  the  northern  hemisphere 
than  in  the  southern  ;  the  greater  extent  of  land  in  the  former  causes  greater  extremes 
of  temperature,  so  that  the  difference  between  the  summers  of  the  two  hemispheres 
is  greater  than  would  otherwise  be  naturally  inferred  from  the  difference  between  their 
annual  mean  temperature. 

The  southern  position  of  the  county  of  Cork,  its  proximity  to  the  Atlantic  Ocean, 
as  well  as  to  the  more  direct  influence  of  the  Gulf  Stream,  combine  to  make  it  the 
mildest  county  in  Ireland,  and  in  this  respect  it  compares  favourably  with  either 
Cornwall,  Devonshire,  or  the  Isle  of  Wight.  We  may  have  to  complain  a  little  of  the 
humidity  of  the  atmosphere,  but  should  remember  that  to  this  in  a  great  measure  we 
owe  our  freedom  from  sudden  changes  of  temperatures. 

The  eastern  portion  of  our  island  is  as  a  rule  drier,  colder,  and  more  subject  to 
extremes  than  the  western,  and  the  midland  counties  experience  greater  extremes 
than  those  situated  on  the  borders  of  the  sea. 

The  annual  mean  temperature  of  the  city  of  Cork  is  50  degrees,  that  of  the  whole 
of  Ireland  being  49  degrees.  The  mean  temperature  alone  gives  little  idea  of  climate, 
the  extremes  and  range  are  more  important.  On  an  average,  from  fifty  years  observa- 
tions, the  warmest  day  in  the  north  temperate  zone,  in  which  we  are  situated,  is  the 
26th  of  July,  and  the  coldest  14th  of  January.  The  days  which  on  an  average  repre- 
sent our  mean  annual  temperature  are  24th  of  April  and  the  26th  of  October. 

The  hottest  day  experienced  at  Cork  for  the  last  forty  years  was  Sunday,  July  16th, 
1876,  when  the  temperature  reached  86  degrees  in  the  shade.    The  highest  recorded 


in  London  this  century  was  94  degrees,  and  at  Paris  and  New  York  about  10  degrees 
higher.  The  greatest  cold  experienced  at  Cork  for  the  past  seventy-five  years  was  on 
January  7th,  1894,  when  the  temperature  fell  to  11  degrees  Fahrenheit,  or  21  degrees 
of  frost.  On  January  16th,  1881,  we  had  20  degrees  of  frost.  The  severe  cold  was  of 
longer  duration  on  that  occasion,  when  thick  ice  covered  the  river  far  below  the 
Custom  House ;  the  Lough  had  eight  inches  of  ice,  and  icycles  might  have  been  seen 
hanging  from  below  the  horses'  mouths  from  the  condensation  of  vapour  from  their 
nostrils.  The  cold  experienced  in  England  and  Scotland  was  intense,  reaching  in  the 
midland  counties  to  five  degrees  below  zero,  and  to  zero  in  London. 

The  warmest  summer  for  the  last  thirty-three  years  was  that  of  1887,  and  the 
coolest  1862.  In  the  latter  the  highest  temperature  was  71  degrees.  Owing  to  the 
deficiency  of  heat  the  crops  were  late  and  produce  small.  In  many  places  the  corn 
had  to  be  cut  down  green  and  given  to  the  cattle.  The  winter  of  1878-9  was  the 
coldest  in  the  memory  of  that  oft-quoted  individual,  the  oldest  inhabitant.  The  year 
1879  was  a  peculiar  one.  Guided  solely  by  the  temperature,  not  by  the  almanac,  we 
had  six  months  winter,  a  spring  and  autumn,  but  no  summer ;  the  highest  temperature 
was  only  71  degrees.  This  was  the  last  as  well  as  the  most  unfavourable  of  three  or 
four  years  of  agricultural  depression  and  failure,  producing  widespread  distress,  which 
would  have  resulted  in  actual  famine  but  for  the  liberal  and  timely  contributions  from 
England,  the  Colonies,  and  America,  as  well  as  from  the  more  prosperous  of  the  Irish 

The  daily  range  or  extremes  of  day  and  night  temperatures  at  Cork  is  about  12 
degrees,  it  sometimes,  but  rarely,  reaches  25  degrees,  monthly  extremes  being  con- 
sidered high  at  35  degrees.  Dublin  and  London,  but  particularly  the  latter,  are  subject 
to  greater  extremes  of  temperature.    So  far  we  are  more  highly  favoured. 

One  of  the  most  important  particulars  connected  with  the  climate  of  any  district  is 
the  annual  amount  of  rainfall  to  which  it  is  subject,  as  well  as  the  number  of  days  on 
which  rain  falls,  or  the  proportional  duration  of  wet  and  dry  weather.  There  are  few 
things  more  deceptive  to  the  great  majority  as  the  amount  of  rainfall.  If  told  that  there 
was  a  fall  of  three  or  four  inches  in  a  certain  month,  they  consider  it  ridiculous  and 
suppose  that  you  must  have  meant  feet  not  inches.  After  ordinary  heavy  rain  they 
are  used  to  seeing  the  water  streaming  from  the  down-pipes,  rushing  through  the 
channels,  and  swelling  the  watercourses,  but  do  not  take  into  consideration  the 
extensive  surfaces  which  have  to  be  drained  to  produce  these  effects.  The  rain  gauge 
indicates  the  quantity  or  depth  of  rain  falling  on  the  country  or  district  in  which  it  is 

A  rainfall  of  an  inch  in  twenty-four  hours,  which  quantity  frequently  falls  at  Cork, 
is  equal  to  one  hundred  and  one  tons  on  the  English  acre,  or  to  nearly  sixty-five 
thousand  tons  on  the  square  mile. 

Though  there  is  more  evaporation  in  the  southern  hemisphere,  owing  to  the 
greater  expanse  of  ocean,  there  is  greater  rainfall  in  the  northern.  The  vapour  from 
the  south  being  wafted  northwardly  at  a  great  elevation  by  the  south-east  trade  winds, 
and  reaching  a  calmer  and  colder  region  sinks  and  is  condensed,  forming  clouds,  and 
finally  falls  in  rain. 

Before  giving  particulars  of  the  rainfall  of  Cork,  it  may  be  well  for  the  sake  of 
comparison  to  give  a  few  of  the  quantities  which  fell  in  different  parts  of  the  United 
Kingdom  in  the  year  1894. 

The  greatest  rainfall,  not  only  in  the  British  Isles,  but  in  the  whole  of  Europe,  falls 
at  Stye  Head,  near  Buttermere,  Cumberland.  In  1894  the  amount  was  166  inches, 
which  is  about  the  average  of  that  place.    The  smallest  amount  in  the  British  Isles 

2  IS 


was  at  Leicester,  1 8 j  inches.  Greatest  fall  in  Ireland  was  on  Mangerton,  90^  inches; 
h  ast  at  Banbridge,  2470  inches.  Mean  for  London  and  Dublin  is  26  inches,  for  Cork 
39  inches.  For  the  latter  places  the  amount  in  the  year  1894  was  for  London  28 
inches  ;  Dublin,  30  inches  ;  and  Cork,  40  inches. 

January  is  the  wettest  month  at  Cork,  average  rainfall,  four  and  a  half  inches  ; 
November,  December  and  February  have  each  very  little  less.  Our  driest  month  is  May 
with  2 44  inches,  April  being  next  with  2*57  inches.  The  greatest  annual  fall  for  the 
last  thirty  years,  and  probably  for  a  much  longer  period,  was  in  1872,  6i£  inches  ;  the 
dryest  year  in  the  same  period  was  1887,  when  only  22 1  inches  fell.  The  greatest 
month's  rainfall  was  in  December,  1872,  10  J  inches,  and  December,  1895,  1016  inches. 
The  least  month's  rainfall  was  in  June,  1887,  and  March,  1893,  viz.,  0-40  inch.  The 
average  daily  rainfall  is  about  one-tenth  of  an  inch,  we  sometimes  have  an  inch  in 
twenty-four  hours,  seldom  an  inch  and  a  half,  but  on  October  1 8th,  1882,  and  November 
20th,  1892,  we  had  2\  inches,  on  July  26th,  1872,  i\  inches,  and  on  August  12th,  1868, 
there  was  a  fall  of  three  inches  from  9  a.m.  to  9  p.m.  This  was  the  greatest  rainfall 
ever  recorded  at  Cork,  and  was  probably  unprecedented.  The  rainfall  which  preceded 
the  great  and  disastrous  flood  of  November  2nd,  1853,  was  remarkable  both  for 
quantity  and  duration.  There  was  a  fall  of  six  inches  in  the  latter  half  of  October, 
and  on  the  two  days  preceding  the  flood  there  was  a  continuous  downpour  amounting 
to  more  than  three  inches.  This  flood  was  probably  the  greatest  experienced  in 
Cork  this  century,  as  its  consequences  were  more  serious  than  any  recorded  for 
that  period.  Through  the  destruction  of  St.  Patrick's  Bridge  at  least  twelve  persons 
lost  their  lives,  and  probably  double  that  number  met  their  deaths  through  colds 
and  fevers,  brought  on  from  severe  wettings  and  from  damp  houses,  in  many  of 
which  the  water  rose  to  a  height  of  six  or  eight  feet.  The  poorer  people  were 
supplied  with  food,  which  was  carried  to  them  in  boats  and  handed  in  at  the  first 
floor  windows.  Cattle  and  farm  produce  were  swept  off  the  low  lands  and  destroyed. 
The  flooding  of  the  fields  gave  a  lake-like  appearance  to  many  portions  of  the  valley 
of  the  Lee. 

The  heaviest  rainfall  of  short  duration  in  my  recollection  occurred  on  the  morning 
of  Thursday,  July  26th,  1872.  It  fortunately  lasted  but  one  and  a  half  or  two  hours. 
The  total  rainfall  that  day  was  two  and  a  half  inches,  most  of  which  fell  in  those  two 
hours.  Torrents  of  water  rushed  down  the  hills  ;  the  boundary  walls  of  private  grounds 
in  many  places  were  overturned.  The  surface  of  the  Old  Youghal  Road  was  almost 
completely  washed  away,  laying  bare  the  rock  and  exposing  the  gas  and  water  pipes. 
The  debris  was  piled  up  at  the  foot  of  the  hill  to  the  height  of  six  feet,  and  lay  against 
the  doors  and  shop-fronts  of  several  houses. 

Though  as  a  rule  the  atmosphere  is  damp  during  rain,  yet  such  is  not  always  the 
case,  as  is  proved  by  the  indications  of  the  hygrometer,  which  sometimes  shows  more 
than  average  dryness  notwithstanding  the  downpour.  This  occurs  when  the  rain  falls 
from  the  higher  atmosphere,  or  from  heavy  detached  cumulous  clouds ;  the  rain  on 
such  occasions  is  generally  heavy  and  of  short  duration.  On  the  other  hand  we  fre- 
quently have  a  degree  of  moisture  in  the  air,  much  above  the  average,  unaccompanied 
by  rain,  but  when  this  increases  to  the  point  of  saturation,  the  atmosphere  being  over- 
charged, discharges  itself  of  the  excessive  moisture  in  a  thick,  steady,  fine  rain, 
sometimes  called  a  "Scotch  mist." 

If  after  a  fine  morning  the  sky  becomes  overcast,  and  rain  begins  to  fall  at  or  about 
noon,  it  is  an  unfavourable  sign  of  the  day.  But  if  on  the  other  hand  after  a  wet 
morning  the  rain  gradually  lightens  and  clears  off  about  noon,  the  probability  is  that 
the  remainder  of  the  day  will  be  fine.    At  this  time  the  sun's  rays  are  most  vertical, 


and  have  therefore  greatest  power  in  heating  and  expanding  the  atmosphere,  giving 
greater  capacity  for  moisture  which  it  consequently  takes  up  as  invisible  vapour, 
dissipating  the  clouds  which  would  otherwise  fall  in  rain.  For  a  similar  reason  we 
have  less  rain  by  day  than  by  night,  and  less  in  summer  than  in  winter. 

The  annual  number  of  days  with  rain  varies  considerably.  In  the  last  twenty  years 
it  ranged  in  Cork  from  234  days  in  1877  to  154  in  1887,  the  average  number  being  195 
days.  Though  the  amount  of  rainfall  in  Dublin  is  only  two-thirds  that  of  Cork,  it  has 
as  many  days  with  rain. 

We  do  not  have  rain  when  the  temperature  is  below  38  degrees  ;  water  or  vapour 
then  reaches  the  earth  as  sleet  or  snow,  descending  from  a  height  at  which  the 
temperature  is  at  or  below  freezing  point.  This  soon  thaws  unless  the  air  should  con- 
tinue to  cool  down,  which  would  be  a  natural  consequence.  If  the  cold  increase  till  it 
reaches  or  goes  below  32  degrees,  the  falling  snow  no  longer  containing  any  liquid 
particles,  loses  its  cohesive  property,  greatly  to  the  disappointment  of  the  schoolboy 
who  anticipates  an  agreeable  pastime  in  the  exciting  exercise  of  throwing  snowballs. 

The  extreme  whiteness  of  snow  is  owing  to  the  multiplicity  of  reflections  from  the 
innumerable  surfaces  or  facets  of  the  crystals  of  which  it  is  composed.  The  various 
degrees  of  density  in  deposited  snow  is  remarkable,  the  lightest  requires  a  depth  of 
thirty-five  inches  to  be  equal  when  dissolved  to  one  inch  of  water,  while  the  most  dense 
will  be  as  five  to  one  of  water.  The  average  density  being  in  the  proportion  of  twelve 
inches  of  snow  to  one  of  water. 

We  consider  it  a  heavy  fall  which  covers  the  ground  to  a  uniform  depth  of  three 
inches,  it  has  often  been  seen  in  Cork  six  inches  deep,  but  in  the  great  snowstorm  of 
February  15th  and  16th,  1855,  the  city  was  covered  to  a  depth  varying  from  two  to 
three  feet,  and  the  country  from  four  to  six  feet,  snow  drifts,  of  course,  being  much 
deeper.  On  that  occasion  the  snow  continued  to  fall  without  intermission  for  thirty- 
three  hours;  many  persons  were  snowed  up  and  perished,  coaches  and  trains  ceased 
running,  and  business  was  almost  entirely  suspended  for  three  days.  The  heaviest 
fall  since  then  was  that  of  February  19th  and  20th,  1892,  when  business  was  at  a  com- 
plete standstill  for  some  days.  In  some  districts  railway  traffic  had  to  be  abandoned. 
Several  trains  were  snowed  up,  including  one  that  the  writer  happened  to  be  in  when 
returning  from  Dublin. 

As  the  direction  as  well  as  the  duration  and  force  of  wind  in  any  district  influences 
the  character  of  its  climate,  it  is  necessary  that  we  should  briefly  refer  to  this  branch 
of  the  subject.  It  may  be  premised  that  when  the  air  is  in  motion,  no  matter  whether 
as  a  gentle  breeze  or  as  a  violent  storm,  it  travels  quicker  in  the  higher  regions  of  the 
atmosphere  than  near  the  surface  of  the  earth,  where  its  progress  is  retarded  by  the 
obstructions  of  mountains,  hills,  or  minor  irregularities. 

That  this  is  the  case  is  proved  by  observation  on  the  speed  of  cloud  shadows  over 
the  surface  of  the  earth,  as  well  as  by  the  rate  at  which  balloons  travel,  which  must 
necessarily  be  at  the  speed  of  the  stratum  of  air  through  which  they  may  happen  to  be 
passing  at  any  given  time.  The  retardation  through  friction  of  surrounding  obstructions 
is  familiarly  illustrated  by  the  flow  of  a  river,  where  it  may  be  observed  that  the  water 
at  the  bed  of  the  river,  as  well  as  at  the  sides,  where  the  freedom  of  its  onward 
progress  is  impeded,  moves  less  rapidly  than  in  the  centre,  which  is  comparatively  free 
from  obstruction. 

{To  he  co?itinued.) 



jSfotes  on  the  Council  T3ooK  oj  ClonaKilty, 

Now  in  the  possession  of  Ike  Rev.  J.  Hume  Townsend,  D,  I). 

Collected  by  DOROTHEA  TOWNSHEND. 

At  a  court  held  for  sd.  burrough  the  ioth  day  of  August  1819  Capt. 
(  7o!/''0/ij'uiL'Uy  *)an*e"  Connor  was  sworn  freeman  of  this  burrough  by  the  undernamed 
suffrain  burgesses  and  recorder. 

David  Barry  Suff.  Har.  Freke 

Arthur  Bernard  Fras:  Bernard. 

Percy  Freke 

(This  entry  is  clearly  misdated,  as  David  Barry  was  not  suffrain  in 
1 7 19). 

Daniel  Connor  of  Manch,  merchant,  grandson  of  Cornelius  Connor 
of  Bandon.  He  died,  1737,  leaving  three  sons — William  of  Manch,  M.P. 
for  Bandon  ;  George  of  Ballybricken  ;  and  Henry,  in  holy  orders. 

At  a  court  held  for  said  burrough  the  23rd  day  of  August  1727  by 
>un  oug  l  oj  tjie  un(jernamed  suffrain  burgesses  and  deputy  recorder  the  Honoble 
*  '  Coll.  Abraham  de  Fisher,  Matthew  Adderley  esqr  and  Mr.  Nathaniel 

Danger  were  admitted  and  sworn  freemen. 

David  Barry  Suffrn.,  Fra  :  Bernard 

Percy  Freke  Roger  Bernard 

John  Townesend 

Richard  Hungerford  Dep.  Rec. 

Matthew  Adderley,  probably  son  of  Edward  Adderley  of  Gloucester- 
shire, and  Mary,  daughter  of  Sir  Matthew  Hale  of  Alderley. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  sd.  burrough  on  Wednesday  the  30th  of 
Clou^hlmkiU    ^uSust  :727   by  the  undernamed  suffrain  burgesses  and  deputy 
oug  na  1  y.  recorder  ^apt.  Allon  Brown,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Nicholas  Skoelfield,  Mr. 
Edward  Jermyn,  Mr.  David  Jermyn  Mr.  Thomas  Clements  Mr.  Anthony  Litten  and 
Mr.  Vincent  Lamb  were  admitted  and  sworn  freemen  of  this  burrough. 

David  Barry  Suffrn.  Richd.  Cox 

Emanuel  Moore  John  Bourne 

Percy  Freke  Richard  Hungerford. 

Fra  :  Bernard 

Nicholas  Skolfield,  scholar  of  T.C.D.,  1707,  vicar  choral  of  Cork, 
rector  Rathbarry,  vicar  Fanlobis  and  Drinagh,  vicar  Kilgaskin  from 
1737  to  1746,  married,  1718,  Mary,  widow  of  Allen  Riggs,  and  daughter 
of  the  great  Sir  R.  Cox.    Nicholas  Skolfield  died  1746. 


2  2  1 

County  of  Corke.  At  a  court  of  record  held  for  said  burrough  on  Monday  the  16th 
Burrough  of  day  of  October  1727  by  the  undernamed  suffrain  burgesses  deputy 
Cloughnakiliy :  recorder  and  freemen. 

Pursuant  to  an  order  to  us  directed  from  Richard  Cox  esqr  high  sheriff  of  this 
county,  grounded  on  his  Majesties  writt :  bearing  date  the  thirteenth  day  of  7^er  last 
requiring  us  to  elect  and  chuse  two  able  and  discreet  burgesses  to  appear  at  the  next 
parliament  to  be  held  in  Dublin  the  16th  day  of  9ber  next,  there  to  do  and  consent  in 
behalf  of  said  burrough  to  all  such  matters  as  shall  concern  the  publick  good  of  this 
kingdom :  now  we,  the  soveraigne  burgesses  and  freemen  have  elected  Francis 
Bernard  junr  esqr  and  Richd.  Cox  esqr  the  sd.  sheriff  to  represent  the  corporation  in 
said  parliament. 

Freemen.  David  Barry  Suffrn. 

Willm.  Meade  Corn  :  Townesend 

Tho.  Browne  Ja.  Cox 

Hen.  Kenny  Arthur  Bernard 

Natl  Danger. 

Richard  Hungerford  Dep.  Rec 

At  a  court  of  record  held  for  sd.  burrough  on  the  25th  day  of  8ber 

T  f 


nrrough  of  ^  ^e  undernamed  suffran,  burgesses  and  deputy  recorder,  Mr. 

Thomas  Barter  senr.,  Mr.  John  Broom,  Mr.  Samuel  Jeago,  Thos 
Barter  junr.,  John  Porter,  Charles  Gookin,  William  Austin,  Edward  Martin,  Richard 
Martin,  William  Martin,  Benjamin  Barter,  Richard  Daunt,  John  Wagner,  Ansel. 
Lankton,  Jonathan  Busteed,  Thomas  Aderley,  John  Anstis,  John  Montagne,  Robert 
Danger,  Samuel  Millner,  John  Walters,  William  Millner,  William  Dwyer,  John  Gale, 
William  Barter,  William  Daunt,  Edward  Bulstrowde,  Harbert  Gilman,  John  Smith 
junr.,  David  Hamilton,  John  Spiller,  Thomas  Clerk,  Hugh  Ruby,  Phillip  Ruby,  Thomas 
Donovan,  Henery  Hussey  and  Mr.  John  Hungerford  were  admitted  and  sworn  freemen 
of  this  burrough. 

Percy  Freke  Suffrn.  Roge.  Bernard 

Fra  :  Bernard  Har  :  Freke 

Saml.  Jervois 

Richard  Hungerford  Dept  Rec. 

Perhaps  William  Daunt  was  of  Tracton  Abbey,  who,  1727,  married 
Elizabeth  Bullen. 

John  Hungerford,  probably  John,  second  son  of  Thomas  Hungerford 
and  Frances  Syng,  and  grandson  of  Captain  Thomas  Hungerford,  the 
first  settler.    John  married  Catherine  Jones  of  Drumbeg. 

Herbert  Gillman,  great-grandson  of  Lieut.  John  Gillman,  founder  of 
the  family  in  county  Cork  (see  C.  H.  A.  S.  Journal,  second  series,  vol.  i., 
P-  35  0-  Jonn  left  two  sons,  Stephen  of  Curraheen  and  Henry  of 
Carrigrohane.  Stephen's  line  ended  with  Sir  John  St.  Leger  Gillman, 
1 817.  Henry  married  three  times.  His  eldest  surviving  son,  Richard, 
was  issue  of  the  second  marriage  with  Maude,  daughter  of  Captain 
James  Elwill  of  Bandon.  Richard  married  Mary  Baldwin  of  Curravordy 
(Mount  Pleasant),  and  settled  at  Gurteen,  near  Bandon.  These  lands 
had  been  acquired  by  Richard  Hawes  when  forfeited  by  the  O'Mahony 

2  2  2 


clan  (sec  C.  If.  A.  S.  journal,  second  series,  vol.  i.,  p.  222),  and  he  named 
Richard  Gillman  in  his  will. 

Richard  died  before  1716,  leaving,  with  daughters,  an  only  son, 
Herbert,  lie  married,  April  II,  1724,  Jane,  third  daughter  of  John 
Webb  of  Clogheenmilcon,  Clonteadmore,  etc.,  now  represented  by 
Herbert  Webb  Gillman.  His  second  wife,  married  May  4,  1732,  was 
Sarah,  daughter  of  Henry  Baldwin  of  Mount  Pleasant,  and  had  Herbert, 
who  inherited  from  his  father  Shannacloyne  (Old  Park)  and  gave  origin 
to  the  family,  Gillman  of  Old  Park,  now  only  represented  by  descendants 
in  America.  The  third  wife  of  H.  Gillman  was  Penelope,  married  1744, 
second  daughter  of  Philip  French  of  Rath  {alias  Gurrane,  the  rath  and 
royal  residence  of  the  O'Mahony  chiefs),  mayor  of  Cork  171 5,  and 
Penelope,  daughter  of  Captain  Horatio  Townesend,  R.N.,  and  grand- 
daughter of  Colonel  R.  Townesend.  By  his  third  marriage  H.  Gillman 
only  had  two  daughters,  Penelope,  who  married,  1768,  Jonas  Bernard  of 
Carhue,  and  Mary,  died  unmarried. 

Thomas  Aderley,  eldest  son  of  Edward  Aderley  of  Gloucestershire, 
an  officer  in  King  Charles'  Munster  army  before  1649.  Thomas  was 
member  of  Parliament  for  Bandon  and  Clonakilty  for  forty  years.  He 
married,  in  1740,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Francis  Bernard  and  widow 
of  Viscount  Charlemont  ;  and  secondly,  Margaret  Bourke.  He  died 
in  1792. 

The  Barter  family  descend  from  three  brothers  who  were  captains  of 
infantry  in  the  army  of  William  III. 

Thomas  Barter,  senr.,  son  of  Benjamin,  who  was  probably  one  of 
these  officers.  Thomas  was  of  Anaghmore,  etc.,  he  married  several 
times.  By  his  wife  Elizabeth  Hawkes,  married  1704,  he  had  Benjamin, 
mentioned  below.    His  will  was  proved  1750. 

Thomas  Barter,  junr.,  only  son  of  John  Barter  of  Cooldaniel, 
younger  brother  of  Thomas  Barter  of  Anaghmore.  John  married 
Margaret,  daughter  of  Robert  Atkins,  mayor  of  Cork  1726.  His  will 
was  proved  1742. 

Benjamin  Barter,  second  son  of  Thomas  of  Anaghmore.  He  mar- 
ried, 1730,  Mary  Hodder,  and  inherited  the  lands  of  Lissanisky  by  his 
father's  will.    He  left  a  son,  Thomas,  mentioned  in  his  grandfather's  will. 

William  Barter,  eldest  son  of  Thomas  of  Anaghmore,  where  he 
succeeded  his  father.  Joseph,  the  third  son  of  Thomas  Barter,  does  not 
seem  to  have  become  a  freeman. 

g  ^    .       At  the  court  of  record  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Wednesday 

n     h    h'lf    ^e  I^t^1  °^  ^ber  l72J  ky  the  undernamed  suffrain,  burgesses  and 
'  deputy  recorder  on  my  Lord  Burlington's  not  notifying  his  election  of 
one  of  the  three  burgesses  nominated  and  returned  to  his  lordship  on  St.  James'  day 


last,  have  unanimously  elected  and  sworn  the  Honble  Sir  Percy  Freke  bait,  who  took 
the  oath  and  had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him. 

David  Barry  Har  :  Freke 

Robert  Travers  Cor  :  Townesend 

Emanuel  Moore  Roger  Bernard 

Francis  Bernard  John  Honner 

Arthur  Bernard  John  Townesend 
Saml.  Jervois 

Richard  Hungerford  Dep.  Recorder. 

g  ^  At  a  court  of  record  held  for  sd.  burrough  the  28th  day  of  April 

Clou  hnakilt    l^2^  011  tne  ^eatn  °f  Sir  Percy  Freke  bart,  John  Townesend  esqr 
Richd  Cox  esqre  and  James  Cox  esqre  were  ellected  to  be  return'd  to 
the  lord  of  the  soyle  in  order  to  his  lordship's  nominating  one  of  them  to  be  suffrain 
for  the  remainder  of  this  year  :  which  nomination  or  aprobation  is  to  be  made  in  fifteen 
days  pursuant  to  the  charter. 

Adjourned  to  Wednesday  the  8th  of  May. 

Richd  Hungerford  Dep  Rec    John  Townesend 
John  Honner  James  Cox 

Hary  Freke 

Burrough  of 

At  a  court  of  record  held  for  said  burrough  on  Wednesday  the  8th 
day  of  May  1728  by  the  undernamed  burgesses  and  deputy  recorder 
on  the  lord  of  the  soyle  not  making  his  election  of  one  of  the  three 
burgesses  returned  to  his  lordship  upon  the  death  of  Sir  Percy  Freke  our  late  suffrain: 
for  suffrain  for  the  rest  of  this  year,  John  Townesend  esq  was  ellected  and  sworn 
suffrain  for  the  remainder  of  this  year  pursuant  to  the  charter  and  had  the  ensignes  of 
authority  delivered  to  him. 

Rogr  Bernard  Richard  Townesend 

James  Cox  Richard  Cox 

Richard  Cox  Cor:  Townesend 

Emanuel  Moore  John  Honnor 

Francis  Bernard  John  Townesend 

Har  :  Freke  Saml.  Jervois 

Richard  Hungerford,  Dep.  Rec. 

At  a  court  held  for  the  said  burrough  the  8th  day  of  May  1728 
Cloughnakilty  Stephen  Bernard  eqr  was  by  the  appointment  of  the  Rt.  HonbIe 
Richard  Earl  of  Cork  and  Burlington  lord  of  the  soyle  sworn  recorder 
of  this  burrough  by  the  undernamed  sfrveraigne  and  burgesses  pursuant  to  the  charter. 

John  Townesend,  Suffn  Roger  Bernard 

Emanuel  Moore  Cor:  Townesend 

Richard  Cox  James  Cox 
Hary  Freke 

At  a  court  of  record  held  for  the  said  burrough  on  Saturday  the 
Clot   h    k  'ft  ^tn  °*  ^ber  I'72^  by  tne  undernamed  suffrain  recorder  and  burgesses, 
'  the  Honble  Sir  John  Freke  bart.  and  Morgan  Donovan  eqre  were 
elected  and  sworn  in  free  burgesses  of  sd  burrough  in  the  room  of  Sr  Percy  Freke  bart. 


and  Bryan  Townesend  esqpe  deceased,  pursuant  to  the  charter  and  stattute,  and  the 
same  day  Captain  William  Hoar  Richard  Murray  Francis  Rucroft  Richard  Rucroft  and 
George  Hayes  were  ducly  sworn  freemen. 

John  Townesend  Suffn  K i<  1 1 1 >  Mead 

Richard  Cox  Har  FREKE 

Same.  Jervois  Cor:  Townesend 

Robt.  Travers  Roger  Bernard 

John  Townesend 

g  j  At  the  court  of  record  held  for  the  sd  burrough  the  1 6th  day  of 

Clou  hnakilt    ^'>C!  1^2^  ^  ^°^m  Townsend  eclr  suffrain  and  Richard  Hungerford 
'  deputy  recorder  the  undernamed  persons  were  admitted  and  sworn 
freemen  of  the  corporation, 

John  Townesend  Suffn 
Richard  Hungerford  Dep.  Rec. 

Thomas  Cole,  Edward  Blake,  Thomas  Blake,  Garett  Hearn,  Richard  Troume, 
David  Troume,  Joseph  Burchell,  Samuel  Burchell,  William  Byre,  Thos  Curtin, 
Edwd  Barrett,  John  Grady,  John  Coursey,  Lawrence  Salter,  Richd  Nash,  John  Dinneen, 
Mr.  Francis  Townsend,  Mr.  Butler  Townsend. 

Francis  and  Butler  Townsend  were  sons  of  Richard  Townesend,  who 
lived  near  Bandon,  and  married  Miss  Minchin.  He  was  son  of  Captain 
F.  Townsend  and  Catherine  Honner  of  Madame.  Francis  Townesend 
lived  at  Clogeen,  and  married  one  of  the  Roche  family.  Butler,  born 
1703,  died  1734,  was  a  clergyman  ;  he  married  Frances,  daughter  of 
John  Roche  of  West  Carberry. 

.  At  a  court  of  record  held  for  this  burrough  on  Fryday  the  18th  day 

urroug  lOJ  q£  gber  j^2g  pUrsuant  to  tne  nomination  and  appointment  of  the  lord  of 
'  the  soyle,  Roger  Bernard  eqr  was  elected  and  sworne  suffrain  for  the 
ensuing  year,  and  had  the  ensigns  of  authority  delivered  to  him.    At  the  same  time 
John  Dixon,  John  Colle  senr.  (sic),  John  Coole  junr.,  George  Crofton,  Nathaniel 
Blake,  John  Barrett  and  Danl.  Mahony  were  sworn  freemen. 

John  Townesend  Saml.  Jervois 

Emanuel  Moore  Robt.  Travers 

Stephen  Bernard  Cor:  Townesend 

At  a  court  of  record  held  for  sd  burrough  on  Saturday  the  18th  day 
Burrough  of  of  Marcn  1 728-9  by  the  undernamed  suffrain  and  burgesses  the 
'  Revd  William  Meade  elk.  was  unanimously  elected  and  sworn  burgess 
in  the  place  and  room  of  Robert  Travers  eqr  deceased. 

Rog:  Bernard  Suffn  Jno.  Townesend 

Richd.  Townesend  Robert  Travers 

Corn  :  Townesend  Mor  :  Donovan 

John  Townesend 

Richd.  Hungerford  Dep.  Rec. 
(  To  be  continued.) 



Cork  j¥.ps.,  1559-1800. 

Being  a  Biographical  Dictionary  of  the  Members  of  Parliament  for  the 
City,  the  County,  and  the  Boroughs  of  the  County  of  Cork,  from  the 
earliest  returns  to  the  union. 

By  C.  M.  TENISON,  B.L.,  M.R.I. A. 

Roche,  Philip,  of  Kinsale. 

M.P.  Kinsale,  1639. 

Son  of  Richard  Roche,  of  Powlenelong  (who  died  9th  September,  1638),  by  his  third 
wife,  Nicola,  daughter  of  Garret  Gould,  of  Cork,  and  half-brother  of  Patrick  Roche,  m.p. 
(q.v.)  He  lived  in  Cork  Street,  Kinsale  ;  his  estates  were  forfeited  by  Cromwell.  He 
is  said  to  have  died  unmarried. 

Roche,  Redmond,  of  Cahirdangan. 

M.P.  Cork  County,  1639. 
He  was  expelled  22nd  June,  1642,  "  for  the  rebellion." 

[Rochfort,  Robert. 

M.P.  Cork  County,  1463. 
(See  under  Roger  Sonkeston,  m.p.  post.)  ] 

Rogers,  George,  of  Ballyknavin,  county  Tipperary. 

Elected  M.P.  for  Midleton  and  Lismore,  1692,  and  sat  for  the  latter. 

Second  son  of  Francis  Rogers,  merchant,  of  Cork,  and  brother  of  Robert  Rogers,  m.p. 
{q.v.) ;  resided  also  at  Ashgrove  ;  was  attainted  by  James  II. 

He  and  Thomas  Brodrick  (q.v.)  were  the  first  two  members  elected  for  the  borough 
of  Midleton,  which  was  incorporated  by  charter  dated  2nd  January,  1670.  On  his 
electing  to  sit  for  Lismore,  Henry  Petty  (q.v.)  was  chosen  by  the  Midleton  burgesses 
to  succeed  him. 

He  was  born  about  1649;  married  first,  Anne;  secondly,  •.    He  died,  1710, 

and  was  buried  in  the  church  of  Clonmell,  county  Cork,  leaving  issue,  of  whom  Mary 
married  E.  Webber,  m.p.  (q.v.),  and  Lucy  married  Emanuel  Pigot,  m.p.  (q.v.) 

Rogers,  Alderman  Robert,  of  Ashgrove,  Cork. 

M.P.  Cork  City,  1692  ;  1695-99. 

Eldest  son  of  Francis  Rogers,  merchant,  of  Cork,  by  a  daughter  of  Joseph  Pike,  and 
brother  of  the  foregoing.  He  had  grants  of  lands  from  Charles  II.,  which  were  con- 
firmed by  James  II. ;  mayor  of  Cork,  1680 ;  lent  money  to  the  corporation  to  build  the 
shambles  ;  was  apparently  treasurer  and  financial  agent  of  the  corporation. 

He  married,  1697,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Alderman  Noblett  Dunscombe,  of  Cork, 
and  died  17 17.    Ancestor  of  the  Lota  family. 

Ronaine,  Alderman  Theobald,  of  Youghal. 

M.P.  Youghal,  1634;  1639. 

Admitted  freeman  of  Youghal,  1610;  bailiff,  1627;  mayor,  1629.  Was  a  merchant  in 
the  town  and  a  prominent  participator  in  its  public  affairs.  Was  wealthy  and  contri- 
buted £12  to  the  general  assessment  "  upon  the  ablest  men  of  Youghell,"  to  provide 



forty  butts  of  "secke" — Falstaffs  favourite  sack— for  the  supply  of  His  Majesty's  army 
for  one  mouth  in  1642. 

The  candidates  for  the  election  in  1634,  and  the  respective  voting  were  as  follows: — 

Edward  Gough,  alderman, ,  ..  ..  59  votes. 

Theobald  Ronaine,   do.     .  .  .  .  .  .  41  M 

Edward  Stoute,        do.    .  .  .  .  .  .  21 

Christmas  Harford,  do.     ..  ..  ..  5  ,, 

In  1639,  the  candidates  and  voting  were  : — 

Edward  Gough    ..           ..  ..  ..  51  n 

Theobald  Ronaine           .  .  .  .  .  .  44 

William  Gough   ..           ..  ..  ..  21  ,, 

Nicholas  Forrest .  .           ..  ..  ..  10  „ 

Rowley,  Samuel  Campbell. 

M.P.  Kinsale,  1797- 1800. 
Third  son  of  Clotworthy  Rowley,  m.p.,  by  Letitia,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  .Samuel 
Campbell,  of  Mount  Campbell,  county  Leitrim  ;  and  younger  brother  of  William  Rowley, 
m.p.  \q.v.) 

He  was  born  19th  January,  1774;  married,  first,  Mary  Thompson  ;  secondly,  1830, 
Mary  Cronin,  and  died  January,  1846,  it  is  said  s.p. 

He  was  a  lieutenant  in  the  royal  navy;  free  of  Kinsale,  1797 ;  was  M.P.  also  (in  the 
Imperial  Parliament)  for  Downpatrick,  1800-1802  ;  Kinsale,  1802-1806;  rear-admiral  of 
the  white;  commanded  the  "  Terror"  (burnt  at  Copenhagen,  1801)  and  the  "  Laurel." 
"  His  wonderful  presence  of  mind  and  heroism  when  his  ship  the  '  Laurel '  frigate  was 
wrecked,  January,  1812 — he  being  the  very  last  man  to  leave  her — shed  lustre  on  our 
naval  annals."' 

Rowley,  William/1)  of  Langford  Lodge,  Moira,  and  Granby  Row,  Dublin. 

M.P.  Kinsale,  1790-97  ;  1797-1800. 

Eldest  son  of  Clotworthy  Rowley,  m.p.,  and  brother  of  the  foregoing  ;  b.a.  (t.c.d.) 
1783;  ll.b.,  1787  ;  barrister-at-law,  1787;  freeman  of  Kinsale,  1790;  recorder,  1796; 
commissioner  of  Customs,  1798,  and  re-elected  after  accepting  that  office.    Was  M.P. 
also  (in  the  Imperial  Parliament)  for  Kinsale,  1 801-1802. 
He  died  unmarried,  181 1. 

Rugg,  Henry,  of  Ballydaniel. 

M.P.  Youghal,  1719-27. 
Fifth  son  of  the  Rev.  John  Rugge. 

Was  a  barrister-at-law;  deputy-recorder,  Youghal,  1700;  recorder,  1 7 1 5,  from  which 
office  he  was  removed  in  1724,  because  "  he  hath  greatly  dis-served  the  corporation, 
and  entered  into  measures  destructive  of  their  ancient  liberties  and  the  duty  of  his 
office" — and  Hugh  Dixon  (q.v.)  was  appointed  in  his  stead.  A  member  of  the  common 
council,  17 1 1.  He  appeared  before  the  House  of  Commons  in  1715  on  behalf  of  the 
corporation,  in  regard  to  the  admission,  irregularly,  to  the  freedom  of  the  town  of 
fifty-five  unqualified  persons  in  the  previous  October.  Contested  the  representation 
of  the  town  with  Sir  John  Osborne,  the  voting  being — Rugg,  88  ;  Osborne,  60. 

He  married  26th  December,  1708,  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  Jasper  Lucas, 
merchant,  of  Youghal,  by  Jane  Hayman,  and  had  issue  three  daughters,  co-heiresses. 
(For  a  description  of  Ballydaniel,  his  residence,  see  Smith,  vol.  i.  p.  86). 

St.  George,  Richard. 

M.P.  Charleville,  1783-90. 
Second  son  of  Captain  George  St.  George,  by  Miss  Bathurst,  and  nephew  of  Sir 
Richard  St.  George,  of  Woodsgift,  first  baronet. 
He  was  drowned  in  the  river  St.  Lawrence. 

(1)  Misprinted  Croxvley  in  Caulfield's  and  other  lists. 



St.  George,  Arthur  (afterwards  first  Viscount  Doneraile). 

M.P.  Doneraile,  1692. 

Eldest  son  of  Johfi  St.  Leger,  m.p.  {q.v.)  He  and  his  father  were  the  first  two  members 
for  the  borough,  which  was  incorporated  1st  May,  1679.  Attainted  by  James  II.,  1689; 
a  privy  councillor;  created  Baron  of  Kilmaydon  and  Viscount  "  Downerayle,"  23rd 
June,  1703.  Rebuilt  the  parish  church  of  Doneraile,  which  had  been  erected  by  his 
grandfather  in  1633. 

He  married  24th  January,  1690,  Elizabeth,  daughter  and  heiress  of  John  Hayes,  m.p. 
{q.v.);  she  died  1739,  and  issue  (see  following).  He  died  suddenly  in  his  chaise 
on  the  road  between  Waterford  and  Doneraile,  7th  July,  1727,  and  was  buried  at  Done- 
raile.   The  viscountcy  of  this  creation  is  extinct. 

St.  Leger,  Hon.  Arthur  (afterwards  second  Viscount  Doneraile). 
M.P.  Doneraile,  1715-27. 

Eldest  son  of  the  foregoing;  b.a.  (t.c.d.),  1717;  ll.d.  (,  1719.  He  was  born 
1693;  married,  first,  1717,  Mary,  only  child  of  the  notorious  Lord  Mohun  (she  died 
November,  1718) ;  he  married  secondly,  1725,  Catherine  Sarah,  daughter  of  Captain 
John  Conyngham  (she  died  1783,  s.p.)  He  succeeded  as  second  Viscount  Doneraile, 
1727,  and  died  in  the  Isle  of  Man,  13th  March,  1734,  and  was  succeeded  by  his  only 
son  (by  his  first  wife),  Arthur. 

St.  Leger,  Hon.  Barry  Boyle. 

M.P.  Doneraile,  1797-99. 

Fifth  son  of  the  first  Viscount  Doneraile  of  the  existing  creation — (see  St.  Leger 
St.  Leger,  m.p.).    Was  a  barrister-at-law. 

He  was  born  23rd  November,  1768,  and  died  November,  1799. 

St.  Leger,  Hon.  Hayes. 

M.P.  Doneraile,  1727-50. 

Third  son  of  Arthur  St.  Leger,  first  Viscount  Doneraile  (q.v.).  He  was  baptised 
1st  January,  1702  ;  succeeded  his  nephew,  Arthur  St.  Leger  (the  third  baronet),  in  the 
peerage,  1750;  married,  1722,  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  and  co-heir  of  Joseph  Deane, 
chief  baron  of  the  exchequer;  he  d.s.p.  25th  April,  1767,  and  with  him  the  peerage 
expired.    The  title  was  revived  in  the  person  of  St.  Leger  St.  Leger  (q.v.). 

St.  Leger,  Hayes  (afterwards  second  Viscount  Doneraile). 

M.P.  Doneraile,  1776-83  ;  1783-87. 

Eldest  son  of  St.  Leger  St.  Leger,  first  viscount  of  existing  creation  (q.v.).  Was  high 
sheriff,  county  Cork,  1780;  elected  for  Dingle  also  in  1783,  and  sat  for  Doneraile.  He 
was  born  9th  March,  1755;  married,  1785,  Charlotte  Bernard,  sister  of  first  Earl  of 
Bandon  (she  died  1835).  He  succeeded  as  second  viscount,  1787  ;  died  8th  November, 
1819.  His  male  issue  expired  with  the  fourth  lord,  who  died  in  1887  from  hydrophobia 
caused  by  the  bite  of  a  fox,  and  the  title  reverted  to  the  descendant  of  Hon.  Richard 
St.  Leger,  m.p.  (q.v.). 

St.  Leger  Hay  ward,  of  Castlemore. 

M.P.  Mallow,  1661. 

Third  son  of  Sir  William  St.  Leger,  m.p.  (q.v.),  and  brother  of  John  St.  Leger  (q.v.). 
Was  in  1672  (then  "Colonel  St.  Leger")  sworn  a  freeman  and  burgess  of  Kinsale 
gratis;  was  also  of  "  Hayward's  Hillhouse,"  county  Cork;  a  commissioner  for  "the 
arrears  due  the  officers,"  1662  and  1675 ;  had  grants  of  land  under  the  Acts  of  Settlement. 

He  married  Barbara,  widow  of  Sir  Andrew  Barrett,  m.p.  (q.v.),  (she  died  1685),  and 
had  issue  four  sons  and  three  daughters.    He  died  before  1685. 

(To  be  continued). 


proceedings  0/  the  50C^ty. 


HE  fourth  annual  general  meeting  of  the  Society  was  held  on  Tuesday 
evening,  April  14th,  1896,  in  the  Library,  Municipal  School  of  Art,  at 
eight  o'clock. 

Mr.  Robert  Day,  f.s.a.,  President,  occupied  the  chair. 
The  President  said — We  have  come  to  another  annual  meeting  of  our 
Society,  and  I  have  been  asked  to  give  a  presidential  address.  Hitherto  I  have 
encroached  too  much  upon  the  preserves  of  the  hon.  secretary,  and,  with  your  per- 
mission, I  will  leave  the  retrospect  of  the  year's  work  in  his  hands.  He  will  recall  to 
your  memory  its  many  pleasant  recollections,  the  lectures  we  have  heard,  and  the 
papers  that  have  been  read,  which  were  varied  enough  to  whet  every  appetite  and 
please  every  taste.  We  have  been  occasionally  mildly  abused,  but  it  is  one  of  the 
easiest  things  in  the  world  to  find  fault,  and  it  is  sometimes  rather  a  virtue  to  merit 
adverse  criticism.  I  am  glad  that  the  researches  of  our  Society  are  not  limited  and 
confined  within  the  precincts  of  the  county,  but  are  gradually  embracing  the  adjoining 
counties  of  Kerry  and  Limerick,  and  recording  events  in  the  general  history  of  our 
country.  Take,  for  instance,  the  papers  of  Miss  Kelly  and  the  Rev.  J.  F.  Lynch. 
There  is  ample  work  to  be  done  if  only  our  members  would  take  a  more  practical 
interest  in  this  Journal.  I  know  that  some  of  its  contributors  will  endorse  what  I  say, 
for  they  strongly  object  to  seeing  their  own  names  so  often  in  print.  They  on  their 
part  and  I  on  mine  would  much  rather  see  new  blood  infusing  itself  into  our  pages, 
and  new  names  heading  our  papers. 

We  have  lost  by  death  some  of  our  members  in  the  past  year.  In  the  order  of 
Providence  this  cannot  be  wondered  at,  as  our  member  roll  numbers  six  hundred ;  but 
the  year  has  been  sadly  eventful  in  removing  one  who  was  with  us  from  the  com- 
mencement, who  took  the  warmest  interest  in  our  Society  from  its  inception,  and  was 
its  vice-president.  Need  I  say  that  I  allude  to  Mr.  Denny  Lane  ?  On  this  day  twelve 
months  he  was  with  us,  bright  and  genial,  always  ready  to  impart  the  information 
with  which  his  mind  was  so  richly  stored,  the  great  treasure-house  from  which  he  ever 
took  things  new  and  old,  and  dispensed  with  a  free  and  generous  hand.  He  is  gone 
to  his  reward,  and  we  are  all  the  poorer  by  his  absence  and  by  his  irreparable  loss. 
Among  our  distinguished  members  from  the  start  was  the  late  Primate,  who  often  spoke 
to  me  of  the  interest  he  took  in  our  transactions,  and  the  pleasure  with  which  he  looked 
forward  to  the  coming  of  our  Journal  to  his  home  in  Armagh.  Another,  of  whom  a 
memoir  by  the  able  pen  of  Mr.  Thomas  Crosbie  has  appeared  in  the  Journal,  was  also 
a  foundation  member,  Mr.  Richard  Barter,  the  gifted  sculptor,  who  in  his  studio  at 
St.  Ann's  Hill  always  had  a  warm  Irish  welcome  for  friends  and  visitors.  But  this  is 
sad  work,  and  as  I  have  something  to  show  you  and  talk  about  later  on  1  will  now  ask 
the  treasurer  to  read  the  statement  of  our  finances. 

The  Hon.  Secretary  (Mr.  Denham  Franklin,  j.p.)  then  read  a  resume  of  the  year's 
work  of  the  Society,  mentioning  the  subjects  on  which  papers  had  been  read  and 
lectures  delivered. 

The  Hon.  Treasurer  (Mr.  Thomas  Farrington,  m.a.)  submitted  a  statement  of 
accounts.    The  total  receipts  were  ^163  7s.  1  id.,  and  the  expenditure  ,£156  os.  5|d., 



leaving  a  balance  in  hands  of  £7  7s.  53d.  Since  they  commenced  they  had  small 
balances  to  their  credit  annually,  and  the  total  of  these  balances  now  amounted  to 
^4.2  10s.  od. 

Mr.  T.  H.  Mahony  proposed  the  adoption  of  the  report  and  statement  of  accounts, 
and  congratulated  the  heads  of  the  Society  and  the  members  on  the  uniform  success 
which  had  attended  their  efforts  since  its  inception. 

Mr.  Cecil  C.  Woods,  f.r.s.a.,  seconded  the  proposition,  which  was  passed 

Index  to  the  Cork  Marriages,  from  a.d.  1623  to  1750. 

The  Hon.  Secretary,  on  behalf  of  Mr.  Herbert  Webb  Gillman,  Vice-President, 
who  was  unable  to  be  present  owing  to  indisposition,  moved  the  following 
resolution  : — 

"  That  this,  the  annual  general  meeting  of  the  Cork  Historical  and  Archaeological  Society, 
understanding  that  an  Index  to  the  Cork  Marriage  Bonds  between  the  years  1 623  and  1750  has 
been  placed  in  the  search  room  of  the  Public  Record  Office,  Dublin,  and  that  the  Vice-President 
of  this  Society  has  been  instructed  by  the  Council  to  ask  the  permission  of  the  Right  Hon.  the 
Master  of  the  Rolls  to  publish  the  Index,  recommends  same  to  his  lordship's  favourable  consi- 
deration in  the  interests  of  the  residents  in  Cork  city  and  county." 

Mr.  Cecil  C.  Woods  seconded  the  motion.  He  said  it  was  more  important  than 
appeared  on  the  surface,  because  there  were  a  great  many  respectable  Catholic  families 
living  amongst  them  at  the  present  time,  many  of  whom  two  hundred  years  ago  were 
amongst  the  aristocracy,  and  the  family  history  of  these  people  would  be  quite  as 
interesting  as  that  of  people  now  in  the  higher  ranks  of  life. 

The  resolution  was  passed  unanimously. 

Documents  and  Articles  Lent  to  the  Society. 
The  Hon.  Secretary  also  proposed,  on  behalf  of  Mr.  Gillman  : — 
"  That  the  cordial  thanks  of  this  the  annual  general  meeting  of  the  Cork  Plistorical  and 
Archaeological  Society  be  given  to  the  following  gentlemen  of  the  county  of  Cork  for  valuable 
documents  and  articles  lent  to  the  Society  through  the  Vice-President,  viz  : — To  Captain  R. 
Tonson  Rye,  d.l.,  of  Rye  Court,  for  important  family  papers  throwing  light  on  the  history  of  lands 
in  Muskerry  in  the  seventeenth  century,  and  for  the  loan  of  the  beautiful  flag  of  the  Muskerry 
Cavalry  ;  to  Sir  Augustus  R.  Warren,  bart,  d.l.,  for  the  loan  of  the  Orderly  Book  of  the 
Muskerry  Yeomanry,  extracts  from  which  will  shortly  be  published,  and  for  information  and  loan 
of  arms  of  the  corps  ;  to  Captain  T.  W.  Woodley,  d.l.,  of  Leades  Plouse,  for  loans  of  arms  of 
the  same  corps,  and  for  material  aid  in  exploring  on  his  lands  ;  to  Messrs.  Gallwey  for  loan  of 
the  Orderly  Book  of  the  Muskerry  Legion  ;  to  the  contributors  to  the  conversazione,  especially 
those  who  came  from  a  distance." 

Rev.  J.  A.  Dwyer,  o.p.,  seconded  the  motion,  which  was  supported  by  Mr.  T. 
Farrington  and  passed  unanimously. 

Mr.  Francis  W.  Allman  (Council  member)  moved  the  re-election  of  the  Council 
and  officers  as  they  were  constituted  at  present. 

Mr.  Henry  J.  P.  Casey  seconded  the  proposition,  which  was  passed  unanimously. 

Exhibits  by  Mr.  Robert  Day,  F.S.A. 
Early  Copper  Celts. 
The  President,  on  behalf  of  J.  H.  Poole,  esq.,  Courtmacsherry,  exhibited  two  early 
copper  celts,  which  were  found  during  the  construction  of  the  Headford  and  Kenmare 


Railway  in  a  cleft  of  a  limestone  quarry,  seven  feet  beneath  the  surface.  They  had 
evidently  fallen  through  the  parted  rock  and  remained  lor  centuries  just  as  they  were 
found,  but  are  covered  with  a  pale  green  patina  and  bear  no  signs  of  having  been  in  use. 

O'Brien,  the  Irish  Giant. 

By  the  kindness  of  H.  P.  Daunt,  esq.,  of  Kinsale,  the  President  was  enabled  to  exhibit 
the  finger  ring  of  Patrick  Cotter  O'Brien,  the  Irish  giant  ( illustration  annexed).  He  was 
born  near  Pallastown,  Kinsale,  in  1761,  and  recollections  of  his  great  stature  and  his 
feats  of  strength  are  still  preserved  in  the  locality.  He  was  a  stonemason  by  trade,  and 
it  is  told  of  him  at  Pallastown,  the  family  residence  of  R.  W.  Heard,  esq.,  that  he 
plastered  the  ceilings  of  the  mansion  without  the  aid  of  step-ladder  or  stool.  His 
parents  were  not  above  the  average  height.  When  eighteen  years  of  age  a  speculative 
showman  bought  him  from  his  father  at  fifty  pounds  a  year  and  embarked  with  him  to 
Bristol.  But  after  having  been  exhibited  for  a  short  time  the  young  giant  struck,  as  he 
was  not  allowed  any  pocket  money  for  the  tobacco,  which  was  then  as  it  is  now  one  of 
the  luxuries  of  the  Irish  peasant's  life. 

The  showman  taking  advantage  of  the  law  as  it  then  existed,  flung  him  into  a 
debtor's  prison,  thinking  that  he  would  soon  be  terrified  into  submission  ;  but 
fortunately  the  circumstance  came  to  the  knowledge  of  a  benevolent  gentleman,  who, 
proving  the  contract  to  be  illegal,  had  Cotter  liberated.  He  at  once  commenced  on 
his  own  account,  and  with  such  success  that  he  earned  thirty  pounds  in  three  days. 
Shortly  after  this  Cotter  changed  his  name,  or  possibly  it  was  changed  for  him  by  the 
showman  who  took  him  round  as  an  exhibition.  At  Pallastown  he  was  plain  Patrick 
Cotter,  but  now  he  appears  with  the  appellation  of  an  Irish  king,  from  whom  he  claimed 
lineal  descent. 

Here  is  the  copy  of  one  of  his  handbills — 

"  Just  arrived  in  Town,  and  to  be  seen  in  a  commodious  room  at  No.  11  Haymarket,  nearly 
opposite  the  Opera  House,  the  celebrated  Irish  Giant,  Mr.  O'Brien  of  the  Kingdom  of  Ireland, 
indisputably  the  tallest  man  ever  shown.  He  is  a  lineal  descendant  of  the  old  puissant  King 
Brien  Boreau,  and  has  in  person  and  appearance  all  the  similitude  of  that  great  and  grand 
Potentate.  It  is  remarkable  of  this  family  that  however  various  the  revolutions  in  point  of 
fortune  and  alliance,  the  lineal  descendants  thereof  have  been  favoured  by  Providence  with  the 
original  size  and  stature  which  have  been  so  peculiar  to  their  family.  The  Gentleman  alluded 
to  measures  near  nine  feet  high.    Admittance,  one  Shilling." 

Cotter  conducted  himself  with  so  much  prudence  that  having  realised  a  competence 
he  retired  to  Clifton,  where  he  died  at  the  age  of  forty-seven,  September  8th,  1804.  A 
memorial  tablet  in  the  Roman  Catholic  church,  Trenchard  Street,  Bristol,  informs  us 
that  : 

"  Here  lie  the  remains  of  Mr.  Patrick  Cotter  O'Brien,  a  native  of  Kinsale,  in  the  kingdom 
of  Ireland.  He  was  a  man  of  Gigantic  Stature,  exceeding  eight  feet  three  inches  in  height, 
and  proportionably  large." 

Previous  to  his  death  he  expressed  great  anxiety  lest  his  body  should  fall  into  the 
hands  of  the  anatomists,  and  gave  directious  for  securing  his  remains  with  brickwork 
and  strong  iron  bars  in  the  grave. 

A  notice  occurs  in  the  British  Magazine  for  1783  of  the  death  of  another  Irish  giant 
of  the  same  name  : 

"  In  Cockspur  Street,  Charing  Cross,  aged  only  twenty-two,  Mr.  Charles  Byrne,  the  famous 
Irish  giant,  whose  death  is  said  to  have  been  precipitated  by  excessive  drinking,  to  which  he 


was  always  addicted,  but  more  particularly  since  his  late  loss  of  almost  all  his  property,  which 
he  had  simply  invested  in  a  single  bank  note  of  ^"700.  In  his  last  moments  he  requested  that 
his  remains  might  be  thrown  into  the  sea,  in  order  that  his  bones  might  be  removed  far  out  of  the 
reach  of  the  chirurgical  fraternity.  In  consequence  the  body  was  put  on  board  a  vessel,  conveyed 
to  the  Downs,  and  sunk  in  twenty  fathoms  of  water.  In  August,  1780,  he  measured  exactly 
eight  feet.  In  1782  his  stature  had  gained  two  inches,  and  when  dead  his  full  length  was  eight 
feet  four  inches." 

There  is  no  truth  in  the  statement  that  his  remains  were  thrown  into  the  sea,  for 
his  skeleton,  measuring  seven  feet  eight  inches,  is  now  in  the  Museum  of  the  College 
of  Surgeons,  and  the  tradition  in  the  college  is  that  it  was  purchased  by  William 
Hunter  for  five  hundred  pounds. 

Finger  Ring  of  O'Brien. 

Patrick  Cotter  O'Brien's  ring  is  of  gold  if  inch  in  diameter,  the  shank  flat  and 
plain,  and  is  joined  to  a  large  oval  bezel,  two  inches  in  length,  enclosing  beneath  a 
crystal  upon  a  white  enamelled  ground  work  the  Irish  harp  surmounted  by  two  hands 
clasped,  of  gold,  within  a  wreath  of  hairwork  and  sprays  studded  with  seed  pearls. 
It  was  given  by  Cotter  O'Brien  to  the  granduncle  of  its  present  owner,  who  resided 
in  Bristol,  and  who  knew  Cotter  as  a  Kinsale  man. 

A  Medal  of  the  Irish  Volunteers. 

The  accompanying  illustrations,  which  are  drawn  the  exact  size  of  the  original,  have 
in  the  field  of  the  obverse  a  Volunteer,  fully  accoutred  and  armed,  at  attention,  and 
around  the  edge  the  motto  "  A  Parliamentary  reform  or  else."  Upon  the  reverse 
beneath  the  loop  is  the  date  "  10th  October,"  and  filling  the  corresponding  space 
below  "  1784."  Within  its  beaded  circle,  enclosed  by  a  wreath  of  laurel,  are  the  letters 
"  T.  S."  and  over  them  "The  reward  of  merit."  Prior  and  up  to  1782,  the  grievance 
which  the  volunteers  sought  to  redress  by  their  unanimity,  their  great  numbers,  the 
property  which  they  represented,  and  their  self-sacrifice  and  determination,  were  the 
iniquitous  trade  restrictions  that  with  iron  hand  gripped  the  vitals  of  the  country, 
paralyzing  its  energies  and  destroying  its  commerce.  But  in  that  memorable  year, 
owing  altogether  to  the  action  of  the  patriots  in  the  house,  backed  by  the  presence 
and  the  bayonets  of  the  Volunteers,  a  large  measure  of  free  trade  was  wrung  from  a 
reluctant  Parliament,  and  the  Volunteers  achieved  a  moral  victory.    Where  they  had 


accomplished  so  much,  they  essayed  to  gain  more,  and  strove  with  patriotic  zeal  to 
introduce  much-needed  reforms  into  Parliament. 

The  debate  on  Flood's  motion  for  leave  to  bring  in  his  Reform  Bill  was  angry, 
excited,  and  stormy.  Yelverton,  the  Attorney-General,  opposed  it  in  a  bitter  speech, 
which  Flood  replied  to  : 

"  I  have  not  introduced  the  Volunteers,  but  if  they  are  aspersed  I  will  defend  their  characters 
against  all  the  world.  By  whom  were  the  commerce  and  the  constitution  of  this  country 
recovered  ?  By  the  Volunteers  !  Why  did  not  the  right  honorable  gentleman  make  a  declination 
against  them  when  the}'  lined  our  streets,  when  Parliament  passed  through  the  ranks  of  those 
virtuous  armed  men  to  demand  the  rights  of  an  insulted  nation?  Are  the)-  different  men  this 
day,  or  is  the  right  honorable  gentleman  different?  lie  was  then  one  of  their  body,  he  is  now 
their  accuser.  He  who  saw  the  streets  lined,  who  rejoiced,  who  partook  in  their  glory,  is  now 
their  accuser.  Are  they  Iess'ibrave,  less  wise,  less  ardent  in  their  country's  cause,  or  has  their 
admirable  conduct  maie  him  their  enemy  ?  May  they  not  say,  we  have  not  changed,  but  you  have 
changed.  The  right  honorable  gentleman  cannot  bear  to  hear  of  Volunteers,  but  I  will  ask  him, 
and  I  will  have  a  'a  starling  taught  to  hollow  in  his  ear.'  Who  gave  you  free  trade  ?  Who 
made  you  a  nation  ?  The  Volunteers." 

The  threat  conveyed  in  the  legend  upon  this  medal  is  similar  to  that  used  by  a 
Dublin  regiment  who  labelled  their  gun  "  Free  trade  or  this."  This  medal  adds 
another  unique  illustration  to  one  of  the  most  interesting  and  momentous  periods  of 
Irish  history.  Its  similarity  in  shape  to  the  medal  of  the  Limerick  Volunteers  is 
suggestive,  and  might  possibly  point  to  its  original  ownership  by  some  member  of  the 
Volunteers  of  that  city  or  neighbourhood.  On  the  other  hand  the  character  of  its  art 
work  has  more  the  appearance  of  having  been  made  in  either  Belfast,  Cork  or  Dublin  ; 
and  the  ring  of  its  motto,  as  if  it  came  from  the  former  city  where  the  Volunteer  pulse 
beat  quicker  than  perhaps  in  any  other  part  of  the  country.  Who  "  T.  S."  was  is  so  far  a 
riddle  whicli  must  remain  to  be  solved.  It  is  disappointing  that  the  name  in  full  is  not 
on  the  medal  or  that  of  the  troop  or  corps  to  which  it  belonged,  but  otherwise  it 
reminds  us  of  reforms  that  were  required,  demanded,  and  refused,  and  of  the  Irish 
Volunteers,  who,  having  taken  up  arms  to  defend  their  country  against  foreign  invasion, 
never  fulfilled  the  threat  conveyed  in  the  inscription  or  turned  their  guns  upon  the 
representatives  of  the  Crown,  although  their  just  demands  were  defeated  and  rejected, 

Medal  of  the  Irish  Volunteers. 



and  their  memories  insulted  by  unscrupulous  placemen,  when  their  power  was  broken, 
and  at  an  end. 

African  Fetishes. 

The  Rev.  J.  W.  Hopkins  sent  for  exhibition  two  pairs  of  brass  figures,  eleven  inches 
in  length,  linked  at  the  head  by  a  chain  of  ten  inches.  One  pair  represented  the  male 
the  other  the  female.  They  are  very  rude  in  workmanship.  Those  representing  the 
gentler  sex  have  very  hideous  faces  within  a  lozenge  ;  the  body  is  simply  a  central 
stem  with  five  spirals  at  each  side,  passing  through  a  second  lozenge  which,  like  its 
fellow,  forms  a  triangle  at  each  side  of  the  stem.  The  male  figures  are,  if  possible, 
more  ugly.  Their  head  dress  is  a  tiara  ;  two  lovelocks  grace  the  forehead  :  the  jaws 
are  eminently  prognathous,  and  something  like  a  buckle  with  a  central  tongue  hangs 
from  the  chin.  Unlike  their  companions,  the  male  figures  are  represented  with  arms 
akimbo  in  a  kneeling  position,  with  the  legs  attenuated  and  tucked  under  the  thighs. 
They  thus  sit  upon  a  central  stem  corresponding  with  the  others  but  more  pointed. 
These  figures  are  used  by  the  priests  on  the  west  coast  of  Africa  as  fetishes  to  terrify 
the  wretched  natives  and  extort  gifts.  When  a  Fanti  gets  up  in  the  morning  and  sees 
a  pair  of  these  stuck  into  the  ground  before  his  hall  door  he  will  give  up  all  his 
property  to  the  priest  for  their  removal.  These  were  taken  at  the  capture  of  Jebu  Ode, 
in  the  colony  of  Lagos,  West  Coast  of  Africa,  by  Housas  under  the  command  of 
Captain  Tucker,  in  1892,  and  were  brought  home  by  F.  G.  Hopkins,  esq.,  m.b.,  assistant 
colonial  surgeon. 

Rev.  J.  A.  Dwyer,  o.p.,  having  been  moved  to  the  second  chair, 

Mr  J.  P.  Dalton  proposed  a  cordial  vote  of  thanks  to  the  President  for  the  manner 

in  which  he  had  filled  the  chair,  and  for  his  valuable  exertions  and  service  on  behalf  of 

the  Society. 

Mr.  Francis  O'Shaughnessy,  t.c,  seconded  the  motion,  which  was  passed  with 

Mr.  Day  having  suitably  replied,  the  proceedings  terminated. 

jNfotes  and  Queries. 


Contributed  by  Robert  Day,  F.S.A.:  "  Eikon  Basilike  "■ — John  Terry,  Linnen  Draper — 
V.  W.  B:  Old  Dan. 
/.  F.  Lynch:  Daire  Donn. 

"  Eikon.  Basilike."— I  have  lately  acquired  what  so  far  proves  to  be  a  unique  copy 
of  the  Eikon  Basilike,  being  "  The  Pourtraicture  of  his  Sacred  Majesty  in  his  Solitvdes 
and  Sufferings.  Corck  :  Printed  by  Peter  de  Pienne,  in  the  year  of  our  Lord  God  1649." 
Wheniast  in  London  I  showed  it  to  Dr.  Garland  and  Mr.  Scott,  of  the  British  Museum  ; 
also  to  Mr.  Edward  Almack,  who  has  in  the  Press  "A  Bibliography  of 'the  King 's  Book 
or  Eikon  Basilike"  in  which  this  copy  will  appear,  and  be  described  by  him  with  a 
facsimile  of  its  title  page.  It  is  the  earliest  printed  Cork  book  that  I  have  met  with, 
and  is  copied  from  the  London  edition  of  1648.  In  this  the  frontespiece  is  a  line 
engraving  ;  in  mine  an  impression  from  a  wood  block.    The  book  is  believed  to  have 


been  written  by  King  Charles  I.  before  his  execution,  immediately  alter  which  it  was 
printed  in  London.  Although  rigidly  suppressed  by  the  Parliament,  whose  forces 
broke  into  the  printing  house,  destroyed  the  book  and  scattered  the  type — but  as  always 
happens  with  persecution  and  intolerance,  the  persecuted  increase  in  strength  and 
numbers,  so  it  was  with  the  Jiikou.  Cork  was  then  and  for  a  while  in  the  hands  of 
the  Royalists,  and  there  de  Pienne  printed  his  little  book  in  safety  and  quiet,  and  its 
scarcity  may  possibly  be  accounted  for  by  the  inroad  of  Cromwell's  (')  soldiers,  to  whom 
it  was  as  "the  accursed  thing."  If  any  member  of  our  Society  can  throw  any  light 
upon  this  early  printer  I  will  feel  extremely  obliged. 

"John  Terry,  Linnen  Draper. -At  the  Sign  of  the  SPINNING  WHEEL,  at 
the  End  of  Cockpit-Lane,  CORKE,  is  lately  come  from  DUBLIN,  and  has  supplyed 
himself  with  great  Choice  of  the  undernamed  Goods,  which  he  is  determined  to  sell  at 
the  lowest  Profit  for  the  Ehcouragement  of  ready  money. 
Irish  Hollands.  Widow's  Aprons,  Silk  and  Crape. 

Middl'ng  and  low  priced  Linnens.  Double  and  single  Modes. 

Diapers  of  all  Breadths.  Black  Laces. 

Figured,  striped,  and  plain  Fustians.         Silver  and  plain  Ribbands. 

Cambrickand  Lawns,  both  thick  and  thin.     Ivory  and  Cocoa  Fanns. 
Strip'd  and  plain  Muslins.  Ivory  and  Box  Combs. 

Pencil'd  and  stamp'd  Cottons.  Shoe  Braids,  Gullooms  and  Ferrits. 

Stamp'd  Linnens.  Tabbies  of  Sundry  colours. 

Cherry  Derry's  and  Chequer  Linnens.  Calicoes. 

Bed  and  Pillow  Tickens.  Silk,  Cambrick,  Muslin,  Cotton  and  Linnen 

Shoe  and  breeched  ditto.  Handkerchiefs. 
Thread  and  Worsted  Stockings  of  all  Sorts.     Grazed  Linnens. 

Sewing  and  spun  Silks  of  all  Colours.  Congoe,  Imperial,  plain  Bohea  and  Green 

Dutch  Tapes  and  threads.  Teas. 

English  Sea  Suckers  for  Ladies  Gowns.        Dutch  Whale  Bone. 

Choice  of  black  Velvets.  And  All  sorts  of  Trimmings  for  Stay 

Black  Paduasoy.  Makers. 


The  above  advertisement  is  headed  with  a  very  primitive  wood-block  spinning  wheel 
It  has  written  in  the  upper  angle,  "A  Rec1-  from  Jno.  Terry  ior  ^4.7.  11,  pl-  of  the 
Funeral  Expenses  of  Mrs.  Margt-  Barry,"  and  written  upon  the  back  are  the  items  that 
make  up  that  amount  : — 

"1744.  The  Execute-  of  Mrs.  Margt-  Barry, 

Jany.  17th,  To  John  Terry,  Dr. 

To  7  yds.  Linnen,  @  4/-  .  .  .  .  .  ^1.8.0 

To  395  yds.  Cyppress,  @  1/1         .  .  .  .  .  .      2  .  2  .  95 

To  26i  yds,  Ribband,  @  3d.  .  .  .  .  .  .     —  6  .  7^ 

To  7  pr.  of  black  Kid  Gloves,  (aj  1/6  .  .  .  .     —  10  .  6 

£4-  7  - 11 

Reed-  the  contents  by  the  hands  of  Wm-  Hassett,  Esq1'-,  in  full  to  this 

29th  March,  1745.  Jorm  Terry." 

The  original  is  in  the  possession  of  his  honour  the  Recorder  of  Cork. 

(1)  Cromwell  landed  in  Dublin  August  14th,  1649. 



"  Posies." — During  a  recent  visit  to  Kinsale  a  lady  showed  me  a  gold  posey  ring 
that  was  ploughed  up  at  the  Old  Fort.  It  had  in  early  seventeenth  century  inscription  : 
"  In  everi  grefe  loue  yealdes  relefe." 

Robert  Day. 

Old  Dan. — The  veteran  huntsman  Daniel  Callaghan,  known  as  "  Old  Dan,"  was 
born  in  1763  at  Ballyclough,  near  Mallow,  He  went  into  service  at  the  age  of  fourteen, 
and  was  kennel  boy  to  Lord  Lisle  for  two  years,  and  whip  for  four  years.  He  was 
then  appointed  huntsman  to  Lord  Lisle's  nephew,  Mr.  Lysaght,  whose  hounds  he 
hunted  for  seven  years,  and  then  carried  the  horn  for  eight  years  for  Mr.  Hugh 
Norcott,  who  kept  hounds  at  his  residence,  Ballybeg,  near  Cahirmee.    His  next 

Old  Dan. 

master  was  Mr.  Hedges  Eyre,  of  Macroom  Castle,  whose  hounds  he  hunted  for  nine 
seasons,  before  he  entered  the  service  of  Mr.  Power,  of  Clonmult,  whose  pack  he 
hunted  for  thirty-seven  seasons.  He  filled  a  similar  post  for  four  years  to  Mr.  Boles, 
of  Springfield,  and  for  fifteen  years  he  lived  with  his  last  master,  Mr.  Thomas  Keane, 
of  Shanagarry.  He  acted  as  huntsman  to  Mr.  Keane  for  some  years,  and  up  to  the 
age  of  100  rode  and  trained  horses  for  him,  after  which  he  went  to  reside  near  Clon- 
mult, where  he  died  in  1874,  aged  111  years.  In  1868  her  Majesty  the  Queen  was 
graciously  pleased  to  accept  his  photograph,  and  sent  him  a  gratuity  of  ^5.  Poor 
Dan !  he  was  a  first-rate  horseman  and  won  several  steeplechases.    There  was  no 


better  man  to  hounds,  but  a  very  jealous  rider.  He  used  to  walk  from  where  lie  lived 
to  Springfield  (over  six  miles  distant  and  back)  in  the  day,  up  to  within  three  or  four 

years  of  his  death.   Vide  Irish  Sports  and  Sportsmen^  by  Fitzpatrick. 

V.  W.  B. 

Daire  Donn.-  This  legend  of  the  monarch  of  the  world  has  not  escaped  the 
attention  of  our  Gaelic  kindred  in  Scotland.  They  have  changed  Daire  Donn  into 
Alexander,  and  the  only  country  which  he  could  not  subdue  was  of  course  "dear  old 
Scotland."  Sir  Walter  Scott,  in  his  Appendix  to  Marmion,  epiotes  the  following  old 
traditional  rhyme  which  he  heard  in  his  boyhood  :  — 

41  Alexander,  king  of  Macedon, 

Who  conquered  all  the  world  but  Scotland  alone  ; 
When  he  came  to  Scotland  his  courage  grew  cold, 
To  see  a  little  nation  courageous  and  bold." 

Sir  Walter,  who  was  an  antiquary  as  well  as  poet,  in  his  Appendix  to  Hie  Lord  of  the 
Isles,  referring  to  a  huge  upright  pillar  near  Dunolly  castle,  Oban,  states,  "it  is  called 
Clach  na  Cau,  or  the  '  dog's  pillar,'  because  Fingal  is  said  to  have  used  it  as  a  stake 
to  which  he  bound  his  celebrated  dog  Bran."  The  mountain  ash  {Pyrns  ancuparid) — 
Hebrew,  oren  (Isaiah  xliv.  14);  Irish,  caei'thainn — witchen,  wiggan,  quicken,  or  rowan 
tree,  was  a  sacred  tree.  Homer  says  that  the  amazons  formed  their  spears  from  this 
tree,  and  it  was  also  planted  before  houses  in  the  highlands  of  Scotland  to  avert  the 
"  evil  eye."  Sowerby,  in  his  Botany,  says,  "  In  ancient  days  the  mountain  ash  was 
invested  with  peculiar  charms,  and  we  find  many  of  them  growing  in  the  neighbour- 
hood of  druidical  remains."  Regard  for  this  tree  has  extended  to  our  own  time.  The 
sweet  lines  of  the  Baroness  Nairne  will  be  familiar — 

"  O  rowan  tree  !  O  rowan  tree  !  thou'lt  aye  be  dear  to  me, 
Entwined  thou  art  with  many  ties  of  hame  and  infancy  ; 
Thy  leaves  were  aye  the  first  of  spring,  thy  flowers  the  summer's  pride  ; 
There  was  not  such  a  bonnie  tree  in  all  the  country  side. 

O  rowan  tree  ! " 

J.  F.  Lynch. 

Original  pocurrients. 

5n0ci*  Gestamentovum  oltm  in  IRegistro  Covcagia;. 

Supplementary  Index  to  Wills,  1802  to  1833. 

{See  Note  p.  479,  No.  10,  Vol.  i.,  Second  Series). 

Fifth  Book 





Beamish,  Francis 



Barry,  John,  of  St.  John's,  county  Cork 

•  •  531 


Barter,  Richard,  of  Cooldaniel 

..  536 


Bennett,  James  N.,  of  the  city  of  Corke 

..  537 


Bagley,  Richard,  of  Clonakilty 

..  542 


Burke,  Bridget,  of  Bandon 



Barry,  John,  of  Passage,  shipwright 

..  617 


Fifth  Book 

No.                            Name.  Page. 

566  Beek,  Francis,  of  Bandon,  tobacconist  .  .  .  .  .  .  625 

567  Buckley,  James,  of  Ballinard            .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  363 

568  Bastable,  Charles,  of  Cork,  gent.      .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  367 

569  Beamish,  Francis,  of  Carrigree,  gent. .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  370 

570  Behan,  Timothy,  of  Cork    .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  374 

571  Barrett,  Thomas,  of  Blarney  Lane     ..  ..  ..  ..  375 

572  Bird,  John,  sen.,  of  Bantry  .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  378 

573  Bulkley,  John,  of  Cork,  schoolmaster  ..  ..  ..  388 

574  Bohan,  Julian,  als.  Keeffe                .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  392 

575  Barter,  Joseph,  of  Myrtle  Hill          .  .  .  .  .  .  395 

576  Blake,  Catherine,  of  Blarney  Lane,  widow     .  .  .  .  .  .  400 

577  Ball,  James,  of  Cork,  porter  brewer  .  .  .  .  .  .  516 

578  Bullen,  Walter,  of  Cork,  clothier       .  .  .  .  .  .  585 

579  Barry,  Ellen,  of  Mehane,  widow       ..  ..  ..  ..  589 

580  Barry,  John,  of  Blackpool,  garter  weaver  ..  ..  ..  593 

581  Burke,  Bridget,  of  Bandon,  widowe  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  604 

582  Baldwin,  John,  of  Aghadown,  esq.     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  645 

5S3  Bryan,  Thomas,  of  Fryar's  Walk      .  .  .  .  .  .  „ .  647 

584  Bitchiner,  Francis,  of  Clonakilty,  yeoman  .  .  .  .  .  .  652 

585  Bannan,  Patrick,  of  Cork,  smith        .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  666 

586  Bastable,  John  Hutchins,  of  Cork     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  676 

587  Barrett,  William,  of  Cork,  gent.        .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  692 

588  Barrett,  Stephen,  of  Spike  Island      .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  693 

589  Barry,  James        .  .           .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  703 

590  Burne,  Mary,  of  Cork,  widow           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  709 

591  Blakeney,  Robert,  of  Bridge  Town    ..  ..  ..  ..  743 

592  Barry,  Elizabeth,  of  Bandon,  widow  .  .  .  .  .  .  748 

593  Beamish,  Rev.  John,  of  Berehaven,  elk.  ..  ..  ..  781 

594  Barry,  Edmond,  of  Clogheen,  mason  .  .  .  .  ,  .  805 

595  Burke,  Robert,  of  Cork,  merchant     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  812 

596  Barry,  Richard,  of  Warren's  Lane,  tanner  ..  .  ,  .,  821 

597  Busteed,  Thomas,  of  Ballinrea         .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  835 

598  Baldwin,  Abrm.  Morris,  lieut.           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  837 

599  Bull,  John,  of  Bandon,  clothier         .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  842 

600  Byrne,  Michael,  of  Cork,  pawnbroker  .  .  .  .  .  .  850 

601  Bridges,  Robert,  of  city  of  Cork        .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  857 

602  Baldwin,  Thomas,  of  Mardyke,  esq.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  858 

603  Breton,  Elizabeth,  of  Cork,  spinster  ..  ..  ..  ..871 

604  Bourke,  Daniel,  of  Drimoleague       ..  ..  ..  ..  886 

605  Bentley,  William,  of  Cork,  gent.       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  890 

606  Butterfield,  Elizabeth,  of  Cork,  widow  „ .  .  .  .  .  825 

Sixth  Book 

No.                          Name.  Page. 

607  Bernard,  John,  of  Cork,  gent.           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  8 

608  Bain,  James,  sergt.  79th  Regt.          .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  12 

609  Begley,  John,  of  Cork,  linen  draper  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  13 

610  Baker,  Jonas,  of  Innishannon,  co.  Cork  .  .  .  .  .  .  22 

611  Bennett,  George,  of  Bandon,  shopkeeper  ..  ..  ..  45 

612  Busteed,  Thomas,  of  Cork,  smith      .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  51 


Sixth  Hook- 
No.                      Namb.  Paob. 

61 3  Bull,  William,  of  Bandon,  weaver     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  58 

614  Bayley,  Judith,  of  Clonakilty,  spinster  ..  ..  ..  80 

615  Blackburn,  Henry,  of  York  Hospital,  gent.     ..  ..  ..  107 

616  Baily,  Henry,  of  Cork,  distiller        ..  ..  ..  ..  147 

617  Bennett,  Mary,  of  Bandon,  widow     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  148 

618  Bagley,  Elizabeth,  of  Clonakilty,  spinster  ..  ..  ..  152 

619  Bussy,  Mary,  of  Cork          .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  158 

620  Barry,  William,  of  Cork,  capt.  105th  Regt.  .  .  .  .  .  .  164 

621  Browne,  Elizabeth,  of  Bandon,  widow  ..  ..  .,  167 

622  Bacon,  John  Thomas,  of  Rathpeacon,  gent.    .  .  .  .  .  .  178 

623  Ballard,  John,  of  Hamstead,  gent.     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  190 

624  Buckmaster,  P^lizabeth,  of  Ballintemple  ..  ..  ..  195 

625  Baldwin,  Henry,  of  Castle  Townsend  .  .  .  .  .  .  207 

626  Bernard,  Ann,  of  Bandon,  spinster    .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  286 

627  Baldwin,  John       .  .           .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  284 

628  Byrne,  John,  of  Elm  View,  gent.       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  297 

629  Baylie,  Susanna,  of  Cork,  widow       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  304 

630  Barrett,  Edmond,  of  Cork,  spirit  mercht.  .  .  t  .  .  .  313 

631  Busteed,  William,  of  Dundanion,  gent.  ..  ..  ..  418 

632  Ballard  Ann,  widow            .  .           . .  .  .  .  .  ...  446 

633  Blanch,  Christian               ..           ..  ..  ..  ..451 

634  Broderick,  Elizabeth           .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  452 

635  Beek,  John,  of  Bandon,  shopkeeper  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  470 

636  Blair,  Honora,  of  Bantry     .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  499 

637  Belcher,  William,  of  Bandon,  apothecary  .  .  .  .  .  .  500 

638  Bullen,  Catherine,  of  Cork,  widow    .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  516 

639  Black,  Elizabeth,  of  Cork,  widow      .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  518 

640  Buller,  Thomas,  of  Kinsale,  esq.       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  522 

641  Bentley,  Mary,  of  Cork,  spinster       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  523 

642  Beamish,  Mary,  of  Hare  Hills          '.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  528 

643  Barry,  David,  of  Cork         .  .           .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  533 

644  Beamish,  Pricilla,  of  Cork,  widow     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  543 

645  Bury,  Charles,  of  City  of  Cork          .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  545 

646  Barron,  James,  of  Ballinadee            .  .  . .  . .  . .  549 

647  Barry,  John,  of  Cork,  builder            .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  556 

648  Bleach,  Ann,  of  Cork,  spinster          .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  561 

649  Bennett,  Andrew,  of  Skull                .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  570 

650  Brown,  Patk.  Ronayne,  esq.             .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  581 

651  Breton,  George,  of  Cork,  gent.          ..  ..  ..  ..  594 

652  Beecher,  Richard,  of  Holybrook,  esq.  .  .  .  .  .  .  624 

653  Beecher,  John,  of  Holybrook,  esq.     .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  627 

654  Baldwin,  Hannah,  of  Bandon           . .  . .  .  .  . .  642 

655  Bennett,  Mary,  of  Cork       .  .          . .  .  .  .  .  656 

656  Beecher,  Michael,  of  Hollybrook,  esq.  .  .  .  .  .  .  665 

657  Bagley,  Will.  Morris,  of  Clonakilty,  esq.  .  .  .  .  .  .  690 

658  Barry,  John  Milner,  m.d.,  Cork          .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  698 

659  Bernard,  Charlotte,  of  Cork,  widow  . .  . .  .  .  .  .  708 

660  Birch,  John,  of  Knockbrogan            .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  712 

661  Barry,  Michael,  of  Carrigtwohill       ..  ..  ..  ..  714 


Sixth  Book 

No.  Name.  Page. 

662  Barter,  Sarah,  of  city  of  Cork  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  7X3 

663  Bennett,  Michael,  of  Brookfield,  co.  Cork  .  .  .  .  .  .  725 

664  Barry,  Mary,  of  Cork,  widow  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  753 

665  Barry,  Francis  Millner        . .  .  .  ,  .  .  .  .  .  777 

No.  Name.  Year. 

1  Creagh,  John,  of  Corke       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1606 

2  Carty,  Finnyne  McDonnell  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1610 

3  Collman,  David  fz.Richard,  of  Cork  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1614 

4  Cooke,  Robert,  of  Bandon  .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  1616 

5  Cory,  Culbert       ,  .  . .  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1618 

6  Conway,  Richard  .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  161 8 

7  Carty,  Daniel  Phelemy 

8  Carthy,  Ellyne       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1619 

9  Cleere,  Joseph,  of  parish  of  Ballymoddan  .  .  .  .  .  .  1619 

10  Clayton,  William,  of  Cloghnakilty     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1619 

11  Coppinger,  Adam  fitzRobert,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  .  .  1620 

12  6  Coghlan,  Donell,  of  Crookehaven   ..  ..  ..  ..  1620 

13  Clothier,  Michael  ..  ..  ,.  ..  ..  1621 

14  Cole,  William,  of  Ross        ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1621 

15  Carty,  Dermon  McFinine  McConohor  .  .  .  .  .  .  1623 

16  [Not  legible],  Roche  (qy.)  John         .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1624 

17  Clawnders,  Robert  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  ,  .  .  1626 

18  Mc  Carthy,  Finine  McDonogh  ..  ..  ..  ..  1627 

19  Carty,  Owen  McCormuck    .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1629 

20  Colgon,  Robert,  of  Carigoline  ..  ..  ..  ..  1629 

21  Carty,  Phylimy  McTeige     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1629 

22  Cleary,  John,  of  Corke        .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1630 

23  Cullane,  Thadey  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1630 

24  Carty,  Donnogh  McDermod,  of  Hacketstown  .  .  .  .  .  .  1630 

25  Courte,  John,  of  Old  Castletown       ..  ..  ..  ..  1634 

26  Collmanne,  John,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..  1634 

27  Crooke,  Sr.  Samuel,  of  Bultannery    .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1635 

28  Coppinger,  James  fitzWalter,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  1635 

29  Corsley,  John       . .  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1636 

30  Cronyne,  Margery,  als.  White  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1636 

31  Coppinger,  Joane,  of  Youghall  . '.  ..  ..  1637 

32  Couche,  John,  of  Downderrow  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1638 

33  Clayton,  Randal,  of  St.  Dominick's  Abby  .  .  .  .  .  .  1638 

34  Collman,  William,  of  Kinsale  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1638 

35  Cleere,  John,  of  Corke        .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1638 

36  Coppinger,  John,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1638 

37  Collins,  John,  of  Bandon     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1638 

38  Cuffe,  Henry,  of  Carrigoline  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1638 

39  Couleshey,  George,  of  Carrigoline     ..  ..  ..  ..  1638 

40  Carty,  Cormuck  Oge  McPhilim         .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1639 

41  Clavellshey,  Richard  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1639 

42  Carthy,  Charles  McTeige,  of  Ballea  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1640 

43  Crowley,  Donogh,  als.  Tolan  ..  ..  ..  ..  1641 



No.  Namii,  Ykak. 

44  Collman,  John,  of  Corkc      ..  ..  ..  1642 

45  Coppinger,  John,  knt,        . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1642 

46  Clapp,  Peter,  St.  Mary  Shandon  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1642 

47  Condon,  John        ..  ..  ..  ..  ,,  1643 

48  Coppinger,  Dominick,  of  Corke  ..  ..  ..  ..1643 

49  Cozens,  Richard,  of  Kinsale  ..  , ,  ..  ..  1646 

50  Crispe,  William,  mariner     .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  ,  1646 

51  Crofts,  William     ..  ..  ..  .,  ..  1648 

52  Carty,  Darby  fitzjohn  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1648 

53  Creagh,  Patrick,  of  Kilroan  .  .  ..  ..  ..  ..  1648 

54  Croaker,  Hugh,  of  Ballyanker  ..  ..  ..  ..  1650 

55  Cox,  Robert,  of  Youghall     ..  ..  ..  ..  1650 

56  Cox,  Capt.  Richd.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1650 

57  Calvert,  Charles,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  165 1 

58  Courcy,  Edmund,  of  Kinsale  ..  ..  ..  ..  165 1 

59  Colby,  Lieut.  John  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  165 1 

60  Cloystom,  Thomas,  of  Kinnikilly  ..  ..  ..  ..  1652 

61  Connell,  Catherine,  of  Drumdowne  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1652 

62  Cuffe,  Maurice,  mercht.       . .  .  .  . .  .  .  . .  1652 

63  Courtney,  William,  of  Newcastle  . .  . .  . .  .  .  1652 

64  Carley,  William,  of  St.  Christophers  ..  .,  ..  1652 

65  Cozens,  Margery,  of  Shandon  parish  ..  ..  ..  1652 

66  Chudleigh,  John,  of  Kinsale  ..  ..  ..  ..  1653 

67  Cosens,  Richard,  of  Kinsale  . .  . .  .  .  .  .  1661 

68  Cotter,  Edmund,  of  Ballinsperry  .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  1661 

69  Cordugan,  Lieut.  Jenkin,  of  Kinsale  . .  . .  . .  1661 

70  Carty,  Cormack  McDaniel  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1661 

71  Caldwell,  Charles  ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1661 

72  Caudy,  James,  of  Buttevant  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1662 

73  Canty,  Cnoghor,  of  Kilruscary  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1662 

74  Carthy,  Donogh  Reagh       .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  1663 

75  Cox,  Jasper,  of  Youghall     ..  ..  ..  ..  ..  1663 

76  Courcy,  Patrick  Lord,  baron  of  Kinsale  .  .  .  .  . .  1664 

77  Clarke,  Corpl.  Thomas       .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1664 

78  Conohane,  Teige,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  1664 

79  Comes,  Charles,  of  Desertserges  ..  ..  ..  ..  1664 

80  Canty,  Dennis       . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1664 

81  Conupis,  John,  of  Kilvokry  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1666 

82  Coppinger,  Joanna,  widow  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1666 

83  Creagh,  William,  of  Ballyheaxon  ..  ..  ..  ..  1666 

84  Coppinger,  James  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1666 

85  Cappoucke,  Christopher,  of  Corke  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1666 

86  Courcy,  John  Lord,  baron  of  Kinsale  . .  .  .  .  .  1667 

87  Champion,  William,  of  Corke  . .  .  .  .  .  .  .  1668 

88  Child,  Robert,  of  Bandon    . .  . .  . .  . .  . .  1668 

89  Cross,  Edward,  of  Bandon  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . .  1668 

90  Coppinger,  Dame  Cathe.     .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  .  .  1668 

91  Carthy,  Charles  McOwen    .  .  .  .  . .  .  .  . .  1669 

(To  be  continued.) 

Second  Series. — Vol.  II.,  No.  18.] 

[June,  1896. 



Cork  Historical  &  Arch^ological 


jMuskerry  Yeomanry,  Co.  Cork,  ar\d  their  Gn\es. 

Part  II.    1823- 1827,  and  1843-4. 
Chiefly  from  the  Orderly  Book  preserved  in  the  Warrens  Court  Family. 

By  HERBERT  WEBB  GILLMAN,  B.L.,  Vice-President. 

[Preface. — This  part  of  the  history  of  the  corps  is  derived  partly  from  tradition 
and  narrations  of  several  country  gentlemen,  but  principally  from  the  "  Orderly  Book 
of  the  Muskerry  Association,"  kindly  lent  to  this  Society,  through  the  writer,  by  Sir 
Augustus  Riversdale  Warren,  bart.,  of  Warrens  Court,  whose  grandfather  commanded 
the  corps  when  first  raised  in  1796  and  onwards  till  disbandment,  and  whose  uncle 
commanded  it  when  re-embodied  in  1822,  and  also  those  who  associated  themselves 
in  1843-4,  and  offered  their  services  to  Government.  Sir  Augustus  himself  was  the 
medium  of  a  similar  offer  in  the  Fenian  period  of  1866-7. — H.  W.  G.] 

^  year  jg22^  anc|  before  it,  the  question  of  Catholic 
emancipation,  already  a  large  one  in  England,  had 
become  in  Ireland  the  watchword  of  parties,  and,  like 
every  other  political  question  in  this  country,  had 
assumed  a  national  form,  and  was  leading  to  a  division 
of  races.  Both  the  Protestant  Orange  lodges  and 
the  Roman  Catholic  associations  of  White  Boys  had 
again  sprung  into  existence.  In  this  crisis  Lord  Wellesley,  a  favourer 
of  the  Catholic  claims,  was  made  Lord  Lieutenant,  but  the  hopes  raised 
by  his  appointment  were  disappointed.  In  the  midst  of  wild  excitement 
of  both  parties  he  attempted  to  carry  out  an  impartial  policy,  and  failed. 


By  the  Insurrection  Act  and  the  suspension  of  the  Habeas  Corpus  Act 
he  w  as  enabled  to  establish  something  like  martial  law,  and  thereby 
cheeked  the  secret  societies  and  lessened  crime,  and  thus  earned  the 
dislike  of  extreme  Catholics  ;  while,  at  the  same  time,  by  the  restraint 
he  put  on  Orange  societies  and  demonstrations  he  roused  extreme 
Protestants  to  fury.  Thus  Ireland  was  once  more  torn  by  a  war  of 
parties  of  differing  religions. 

It  was  under  these  circumstances  that  the  Muskerry  Yeomanry 
(cavalry)  were  again  embodied.  The  Orderly  Book  of  the  corps  affords 
details  as  to  the  regulations  and  personnel  of  this  body  of  men,  the  gentry 
of  East  and  West  Muskerry.  Tradition  tells  that  they  obtained  their 
uniforms  and  arms — sword,  carbine  and  pistol — from  a  regiment  of 
Carbineers  then  in  Cork.    A  picture  of  the  arms  is  shown  opposite. 

Of  the  uniform  no  trace  has  been  preserved  in  the  baronies  so  far  as 
has  been  ascertained. 

The  Orderly  Book  is  headed  "  Orderly  Book  of  the  Muskerry 
Association,"  and  contains  written  pages  33  to  61,  the  pages  1  to  32 
being  absent,  the  book  having  been  apparently  previously  used  for  some 
other  purpose.  Reversing  the  book,  pages  116  to  121  are  written  on  ; 
pages  62  to  115  are  blank.  The  pages  measure  15  x  9^  inches.  On 
the  inside  of  the  cover  is  written,  partly  in  the  handwriting  of  Sergeant 
William  Busteed,  and  partly  in  that  of  another,  the  "  names  of  the  Mus- 
kerry Cavalry,"  which  include  several  of  those  of  the  members  serving  in 
the  corps  before  its  being  previously  disbanded,  and  many  who  joined 
afterwards.  The  captain  is  here  entered  as  Sir  Augustus  Warren,  bart, 
— he  had  succeeded  to  the  baronetcy  ;  the  1st  lieutenant  is  still  Samuel 
Swete.  Many  names  are  elided  and  the  word  '  dead*  written  after  them, 
but  from  internal  evidence  this  list  appears  to  have  been  written  at 
various  dates  ;  for  example,  a  member,  Henry  Lindsay,  is  noted  as  "gone 
into  the  army,"  but  he  is  known  to  have  fought  in  the  Peninsular  war, 
and  to  have  been  wounded  at  Salamanca  in  18 12,  after  which  he  had  to 
leave  the  army  ;  and,  again,  two  sons  of  one  who  was  in  the  corps  in 
1799  and  was  dead  in  1822,  are  noted  as  "  retired,"  though  they  were  not 
themselves  enrolled  till  1822.  This  list,  therefore,  is  not  of  any  fixed 
period,  and  is  rendered  useless  by  fuller  lists  shown  in  the  book.  Then 
follow  the 

Orders  and  Regulations  to  be  observed  by  the  Muskerry  Association 
in  Lcemount  Barracks. 
Ordered — That  a  Guard  of  two  men  be  put  on  duty  at  ten  o'clock  every  morning, 
and  not  be  relieved  until  ten  next  morning. 

That  they  always  appear  in  full  uniform.  That  they  do  not,  on  any  pretence 
whatever,  go  to  bed  or  quit  their  Guard,  and  that  during  the  day  one  of  the  Guard  be 
placed  as  Centinel  outside  the  Hall  door. 



That  all  Arms  be  excluded  from  the  Mess  Room,  except  four  carabines  for  the  use 
of  the  Guard. 

That  no  man  leave  the  Barrack  either  in  the  day  time  or  night  without  Permission 
of  the  Commanding  Officer,  and  any  Member  so  absenting  himself  shall  be  fined 

That  all  fines  be  paid  to  the  Secretary,  to  be  applied  by  him  to  the  use  of  the 
Mess  Fund. 

That  the  Guard  for  night  duty  get  their  supper,  one  Pint  of  Beer  and  two  Glasses 
spirits  to  make  Punch,  each  man,  and  that  Corporal  GollockCOis  ordered  not  on  any 
account  to  exceed  the  above  allowance. 

That  each  man  when  put  on  Guard  receives  ten  Rounds  of  Ball  Cartridge,  and  that 
he  is  held  accountable  for  the  same  to  the  corporal  when  relieved  from  duty. 


Arms  used  by  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  in  1822. 

(From  originals  in  the  possession  of  Sir  Ang.  R.  Warren,  hart.,  and  Capt.  F.  W.  Woodley) 

Sword-blade — 35in.  long,  tapering  from  il/2  to  1%  inches. 
Carbine — Flint  lock,  swivel  ramrod,  12  bore,  barrel  15%"  inch. 
Pistol — Flint  lock,  swivel  ramrod,  12  bore,  barrel  8%  inch. 

The  following  Mode  of  Challenging  Patrols  by  Night  was  received  from  Captain 
McNamara,  of  the  Rifle  Brigade  stationed  at  Firmount,  O)  by  Lieutenant  Coppinger, 
Monday,  nth  February,  1822: — 

1st  Question — Halt,  who  comes  there  ? 

2nd  Answer— Patrol  or  Picquet. 

3rd — Advance  one  and  account  for  yourself.  If  the  whole  persist  in  advancing,  the 
Sentry  or  advance  file  crys  out — Halt  the  remainder  or  I  will  fire. 

(0  Notwithstanding  the  ambiguity  of  this  order,  it  appears  not  to  imply  an  estoppel 
on  the  corporal  personally. 

(2)  Firmount,  near  Macroom,  one  of  the  points  held  by  Military  at  this  time. 


The  corps  at  the  same  time  made  rules  for  the  members'  mess,  and 
it  may  be  seen  that  they  provided  pretty  well  for  internal  as  well  as 
external  warmth  : — 

Rules  and  Regulations  to  be  observed  by  the  Mess  of  the  Mv  skerry  Association. 
First  -  That  each  member  coming  into  Barrack  deposits  one  Guinea  with  the 
Secretary,  and  sends  into  Barrack  one  Gallon  of  Whiskey,  two  cribs  of  Turf  or  one 
barrel  of  Coal. 

Secondly — That  any  member  inviting  a  stranger  to  dine  at  the  Mess  pays  to  the 
Secretary  the  sum  of  two  shillings  and  sixpence,  and  that  no  member  be  permitted  to 
invite  more  than  two  strangers  in  one  day  without  giving  a  day's  previous  notice  to 
the  Secretary  under  a  Penalty  of  five  shillings,  to  be  paid  as  above  for  each  stranger. 

Thirdly — Any  member  breaking  any  article  belonging  to  the  Mess  shall  pay  into  the 
hands  of  the  Secretary  double  the  value  thereof. 

Fourthly — That  every  member  of  the  Corps  not  in  Barrack  and  coming  in  to  take  his 
turn  of  duty  pays  into  the  hands  of  the  Secretary  the  sum  of  three  shillings  and  four 
pence  for  his  dinner  and  breakfast. 

Fifthly — That  the  President  and  Vice-President  of  the  day  shall  be  the  two  members 
next  for  Guard  on  the  following  day. 

Sixtly — All  Bets  made  in  the  Mess  Room — the  sum  to  be  placed  in  the  hands  of 
the  Secretary  and  to  be  applied  by  him  for  the  Benefit  of  the  Mess  in  whatever  way  the 
majority  of  the  members  then  present  shall  think  proper. 

The  country  at  this  time  cannot  have  been  a  pleasant  place  for  an 
unprotected  female  to  reside  in.  As  a  rule  ladies  and  children  left  their 
abodes  and  took  refuge  in  defensible  houses,  or  in  Cork  or  Macroom  ; 
smaller  houses  were  abandoned  to  the  care  of  servants,-  who  generally 
fulfilled  the  trust  as  well  as  they  could  ;  in  the  larger  houses  gentlemen 
joined  together,  and  made  them  defensible  by  building  up  the  windows, 
etc.,  and  were  in  some  cases  assisted  by  small  parties  of  soldiers.  At 
Warren's  Court  there  was  stationed  a  company  of  the  Rifle  Brigade 
under  a  Captain  Cochrane  ;  and  at  Dripsey  Castle  (Carrignamuck)  were 
two  companies  of  soldiers  under  a  Captain  Gascoigne  ;  the  soldiers  lived 
in  the  old  castle,  the  officers  in  the  adjoining  residence.  Ryemount  had 
its  windows  bricked  up  and  loopholed,  and  was  held  by  John  Borlace 
Warren  (afterwards  baronet),  Rev.  Somers  Payne  (father  of  the  clergy- 
man of  the  same  name,  still  living,  and  then  in  the  garrison),  and  Massey 
Warren  and  two  soldiers  ;  the  Dowager  Lady  Warren  and  her  daughter, 
and  Rev.  S.  Payne's  wife  and  children  remained  in  the  house  ;  they  sat 
down  to  meals  with  their  carbines  loaded  and  within  hand  reach.  This 
residence  was  not  attacked,  though  the  horns  of  the  White  Boys  were 
often  heard  around  them.  Rye  Court  was  defended  by  the  inmates 
aided  by  a  corporal  and  four  soldiers.  The  gentry  of  the  country  were 
nearly  all  in  the  cavalry  corps,  taking  their  turns  of  duty  as  required. 
When  news  would  come  of  a  party  of  White  Boys  being  "  out "  at  any 
spot,  the  cavalry  would  ride  out  and  disperse  them,  which  was  generally 



effected  by  their  mere  presence  ;  and  a  story  is  told  that  on  an  excursion 
of  this  kind  through  Aghabullogue  parish,  the  corps  actually  passed  by 
the  White  Boys  who  hid  behind  the  fence  of  the  road.  In  other  respects, 
from  what  is  still  told  in  the  country,  the  work  done  by  the  corps  seems 
to  have  been  much  of  the  same  kind  as  described  in  the  previous  part 
of  this  paper,  except  that  at  one  place  they  took  part  in  a  small  battle 
with  a  body  of  insurgents.  This  took  place  in  1822,  soon  after  the 
embodiment  of  the  corps  was  completed.  The  scene  of  action  was 
Carriganimy,  in  the  parish  of  Clondrohid — a  hilly  district  still  retaining 
many  remarkable  cromlechs,  pillar-stones,  cahirs  and  other  ancient 
remains.  The  hills  there  are  said — in  the  usual  country  phrase — to  have 
been  "  black  with  people,"  armed  with  scythes,  pikes,  and  many  muskets. 
This  body  was  attacked  by  several  companies  of  the  Rifle  Brigade, 
supported  by  the  Muskerry  Cavalry.  The  insurgents  stood  their  ground 
well,  the  musketeers  pouring  in  their  fireon  their  assailants.  The  Rifles 
on  receiving  this  fire  lay  down  as  skirmishers,  and  the  insurgents  believ- 
ing these  to  have  been  slain,  rushed  on  them,  but  were  met  by  a  fire 
from  the  riflemen  which  quite  demoralised  them,  and  they  broke  and 
fled.  They  were  pursued  by  the  cavalry,  and  many  prisoners  were  taken, 
of  whom  nine  were  afterwards  hanged.  Greenville  House,  the  residence 
of  the  Swete  family  was  attacked  ;  it  was  defended  by  several  of  the 
Muskerry  gentlemen,  who  had  placed  their  families  there  for  security 
and  took  their  turn  of  duty  as  garrison  of  the  place  ;  the  assailants  were 
beaten  off  with  loss,  to  which,  tradition  says,  the  good  shooting  of  a 
member  of  the  corps,  Abraham  Good,  made  a  large  contribution.  The 
attack  lasted  for  some  hours  ;  and  when  the  leaden  bullets  of  the  de- 
fenders were  exhausted,  the  silver  spoons  and  forks  were  melted  down 
and  bullets  cast  therefrom.  It  is  said  that,  notwithstanding  the  rigour 
of  the  times,  the  families  in  leaguer  at  Greenville  managed  to  enjoy 
themselves  very  pleasantly  there. 

The  first  part  of  the  month  of  February,  1822,  was  spent  in  getting 
together  the  surviving  members  of  the  old  corps,  several  of  whom  received 
carbines  and  twenty  rounds  of  ball  cartridge  from  Sir  Augustus  Warren 
directly.    The  enrolling  of  members  then  proceeded  cautiously,  thus  : — 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  Corps,  held  at  Leemount  (3)  Barracks,  on 
Monday,  25th  February,  1822  : — 

John  Pyne,  esq.,  proposed  J.  Tonson  Rye,  esq.,  to  be  Cornet  in  this  Corps.  He 
was  elected  unanimously. 

It  was  Resolved  that  in  future  any  Gentleman  who  wishes  to  become  a  member  of 
this  Corps,  must  undergo  a  Ballot.  He  must  be  proposed  by  one  member  of  the  Corps 
and  seconded  by  another,  and  that  three  clear  days  shall  elapse  between  the  days  of 

(3)  Half  mile  south  of  Coachford  village,  residence  of  the  Gollock  family 



proposing  and  ballotting,  and  one  black  bean  in  seven  excludes 
a  ballot  to  consist  of  seventeen  members. 

The  number  to  form 

The  following  new  members  were  balloted  for  and  admitted  between 

this  date  and  the  6th  March,  namely  :— 
New  Members. 
Daniel  Connor,  of  Manch, 
Robert  White,  of  Macroom  Castle, 
John  Williams,  sen.,  ) 
John  Williams,  jun.,  and  > 
Peter  Williams,  ) 
St.  George  Browne  and  | 
Son  John,  of  Rockboro,  \ 
John  Barter,  of  Cooldaniel, 
Herbert  and  Webb  Gillman,  j 
of  Lakefield  (sons  of  I 
deceased  member),  ) 
Nich.  Kirby,  of  Carhue, 
Ambrose  Hickey,  of  Monagh, 

And  at  a  later  date- 
Rich.  Ashe,  of  Ashegrove, 
Henry  Ashe,  of  Macroom, 

Sir  Aug.  Warren,  Capt. 

[Not  stated]. 

Tho.  Lindsay, 
Wm.  Busteed, 


Charles  Colthurst, 
Benj.  Swete, 

Tho.  Lindsay, 
Sergeant  R.  Ashe, 

Sergt-  Busteed. 
John  Pyne. 

Rich.  B.  Crooke. 
Lewis  Gollock. 


J,  R.  Coppinger. 
B.  Drew. 

John  Warren. 
Edw.  Ashe. 

Then  follows  a  list  of  the  members  (who  generally  sign  the  book) 
"  of  the  Muskerry  Association,"  who  acknowledge  to  have  received  from 
Captain  Sir  Augustus  Warren  the  following  articles  : — viz.,  One  short 
carbine  with  swivel  ramrod,  one  pistol  with  carbine  bore,  twenty  rounds 
of  ball  cartridge,  four  flints,  one  straight  sword  and  scabbard,  one  sword 
belt  for  waist,  one  black  cavalry  pouch,  one  shoulder  belt  with  swivel, 
"  and  for  which  we  promise  to  be  accountable  to  him,"  22nd  March, 
1822. — Leemount  Barracks. 

The  recipients  were  : — 
Edw.  Ashe 

St.  George  Browne  (note,  given  back) 
Phillip  Cross 

Thos.  Gollock 
John  Bowen 
J.  Rye  Coppinger 
Wm.  B.  Crooke 
H.  J.  Lindsay 
J.  E.  Galwey 
R.  B.  Crooke 
Nich.  Kirby 
J.  G.  Woodley 
Somers  Payne 
B.  Swete 

John  Williams,  jun. 
H.  Cross 
Lewis  Gollock 

Browning  Drew 
R.  N.  Nettles 
Wm.  Busteed 
John  Tonson  Rye 
Thos.  Lindsay 
R.  H.  White 
H.  H.  Good 
Thos.  E.  Crooke 
John  W.  Carey 
John  B.  Warren 
John  Williams,  sen. 
John  Williams,  jun. 
Peter  Williams 
Robt.  Hedges 
Charles  Colthurst 
Herbert  Gillman 
Webb  Gillman 



George  Rye  (a  carbine) 
Somers  Payne  (a  second  pistol) 
Thos.  Coppinger 

Abraham  Good 
Thos.  Gollock 

Edw.  Hayes  Good 
John  M.  Brooke 
Thos.  A.  Browne 

John  Barter 
Richd.  Ashe 
Henry  Ashe 
Richard  Ashe 
John  Pyne 

Thom.  S.  Good 

M.  H.  Warren 
W.  Furlong 

Twenty-seven  members  received  helmets  on  2nd  April,  1822,  for 
which  each  paid  the  sum  of  ,£1  6s.  66.,  and  sixteen  received  "  buckets" 
for  supporting  the  carbine  on  horseback.  The  others  were  already- 
provided.  Among  these  are  found  the  following  additional  names  of 
members  of  the  corps  : — viz.,  Robt.  Hedges  Eyre,  Henry  Good,  and 
Saml.  Swete.  A  roll  of  the  members'  attendance  at  parade  from  April, 
1822,  to  May,  1823,  which  follows  the  above  lists,  furnishes  some  names 
of  gentlemen  not  there  recorded,  these  are  Thos.  Gollock,  of  Elmglen  ; 
Francis  Woodley,  Thos.  Radley,  Daniel  Connor,  James  Gollock,  and 
John  Orpen,  besides  the  captain  and  cornet.  The  corps,  therefore,  in 
1822,  consisted  of  sixty-one(4)  gentlemen  of  Muskerry,  of  whom  Sir 
Augustus  Warren,  bart,  was  captain  ;  Samuel  Swete,  1st  lieutenant  ; 
John  Rye,  cornet  ;  Wm.  Busteed  and  Richard  Ashe,  sergeants,  and 
Lewis  Gollock  and  John  Warren,  corporals. 

The  parade  roll  shows  that  there  were  some  members  who  did  not 
attend  regularly,  which  fact  led  to  the  passing  of  the  following  rule  in 
1822  : — 

Ordered  that  Wednesday  be  appointed  for  the  weekly  Parade  day  of  the  Corps,  and 
that  the  Members  appear  in  full  marching  order,  and  that  any  person  appearing  on 
Parade  otherwise  be  considered  as  absent. 

Ordered  that  a  fine  for  absence  from  Parade  be  imposed,  and  be  in  the  following 
proportions  :— On  every  Officer  so  absent  a  fine  of  ten  shillings  ;  on  every  Non-Com- 
missioned  Officer,  a  crown  ;  on  every  Private,  a  fine  of  two  ten-pennies.  All  fines  to 
be  placed  to  the  credit  of  the  Corps. 

Towards  the  close  of  the  year  the  corps  was  inspected. 

On  Sunday,  the  21st  of  October,  the  Corps  were  Inspected  by  Major-General  Sir 
John  Lombert.CO  on  Crookstown  Lawn,  and,  after  a  most  minute  Inspection  and  making 
them  go  through  several  evolutions,  the  General  was  pleased  to  express  his  satisfaction 
at  the  equipment,  appearance,  and  Discipline  of  the  Corps. 

There  is  nothing  further  beyond  the  parade  roll  recorded  in  the 
Orderly  Book  in  1822.  In  the  next  year  the  absences  from  parade  and 
appearances  there  out  of  uniform  continued  to  give  trouble.  To  check 
this  an  order  was  made,  4th  July,  1823,  that  a  letter  be  written  to  such 

(4)  See  infra  for  additional  members  who  joined  in  1823. 
(s)  So  in  the  book,  but  the  General's  name  was  Lambert. 


members  as  habitually  absent  themselves  from  parade,  and  intimating 
that  "  absence  from  four  successive  monthly  parades  would  be  considered 
by  the  corps  as  a  forfeiture  of  their  rights  as  members  of  the  corps,  and 
that  in  such  event  they  must  subject  themselves  to  a  new  ballot."  And 
it  was  directed  that  the  resolutions  in  the  order  book  be  read  to  the 
corps  at  the  next  monthly  parade.  On  the  motion  of  John  Warren, 
seconded  by  Thomas  Lindsay,  it  was  further  ordered  that  appearance  at 
parade  out  of  uniform  should  be  visited  with  an  additional  fine  of  one 
shilling  and  eightpence,  i.e.  four  tenpennies  instead  of  two.  These  rules, 
however,  appear  to  have  displeased  the  corps  or  to  have  become  unne- 
cessary, for  they  were  unanimously  rescinded  on  1st  October  in  the 
same  year. 

The  following  new  members  joined  in  1823  : — 

Member.  Proposer.  '  Seconder. 

William  Woodley,  Wm.  Busteed,  Richard  Crooke. 

Patrick  Browne,  Mr.  Payne,  Mr.  Lindsay. 

John  &  Philip  Ruby,  Mr.  Lindsay,  Mr.  Pyne. 

thus  increasing  the  strength  of  the  corps  to  sixty-five. 

On  25th  November  it  was  resolved  "  that  the  monthly  attendance  at 
parade  be  dispensed  with  till  spring."  Doubtless  the  corps  were  too 
busy  otherwise  in  the  winter,  and  it  is  evident,  from  the  next  resolution 
appearing  in  the  book,  that  weighty  matters  connected  with  the  peace  of 
the  district  were  discussed  at  the  meetings,  but  no  record  of  such  in  the 
Orderly  Book  was  made  : — 

Dec1--  7th  [1823],  at  a  meeting  of  the  Corps  at  Carrigadrohid,  the  following  resolution 
was  unaiiimously  ordered  to  be  entered  on  the  Corps  Book  : — 

Resolved  that  it  has  come  to  our  knowledge  that  certain  proceedings  of  the  Corps 
at  a  meeting  held  at  Carrigadrohid,  on  1st  October  last,  were  divulged  to  one  who, 
according  to  regulations  and  the  pledge  of  secrecy  to  which  we  are  Bound,  should  not 
have  been  made  acquainted  with  them  ;  and  it  being  our  opinion  that  such  could  not 
have  transpired  but  through  one  of  our  members,  we  feel  ourselves  called  upon  to 
express  our  high  disapprobation  of  conduct  so  disgraceful  to  us  as  a  Corps ;  and  parti- 
cularly so  to  the  individual  who  caused  it,  and  whose  name,  were  we  acquainted  with 
it,  should  be  expunged  from  the  Muskerry  Cavalry. 

In  1823  the  parades  were  monthly,  the  captain,  lieutenant  and  cornet 
the  same  as  in  1822;  the  non-commissioned  officers  were  "  Sergeant- 
Major  Busteed,  Sergeant  Ashe,  and  Sergeant  Gollock."  No  corporals 

From  the  date  last  mentioned  till  1827  there  is  no  entry  of  any  kind 
in  the  Orderly  Book,  the  members  were  probably  too  hard  at  work  prac- 
tically. The  first  and  only  meeting  recorded  in  1827,  as  below  quoted, 
is  also  the  last  in  the  Orderly  Book  relating  to  this  period.  It  was  called 
to  elect  some  new  members,  to  deal  with  some  (now  forgotten)  disputes 


between  some  members,  and  to  address  a  letter  to  another  member  who 
was  in  trouble  about  a  duel  in  which  he  was  engaged.  The  entry  is  as 
follows  : — 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Corps  held  at  Carrigadrohid,  on  12th  March,  1827,  for  the  pur- 
pose of  inquiring  into  certain  charges,  etc.,  and  for  any  other  Corps  business  that  may 
occur,  the  following  Resolutions  were  entered  into  :— 

Resolved — That  all  meetings  independent  of  the  Duty  of  the  Corps  are  to  be  called 
by  Requisition  signed  by  at  least  six  of  the  members  and  sent  to  the  Commanding 
Officer  for  that  purpose. 

The  following  members  (6)  were  proposed  : — 

Member.  Proposer.  Seconder. 

Robert  Nettles,  Sergeant  Gollock,  John  Warren. 

Rev.  John  Mongan,  Rd-  Ashe  of  Ashegrove,  Thos.  Crooke. 

Joseph  Barter,  Richard  Ashe,  John  Barter. 

John  Good,  Philip  Cross,  Henry  Good. 

John  Warren,  John  B.  Warren,  Rd-  Ashe,  Sergeant. 

Rev.  Samuel  Fairtclough,     Richd.  Crooke,  John  Pyne. 

It  was  resolved  that  the  following  address  be  presented  to  Mr.  Daniel  Connor,  one 
of  the  members  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry  : — 
"  Sir, 

We  the  undersigned  Members  of  the  Muskerry  Cavalry,  having  seen  in  the 
papers  that  you  are  about  to  take  your  trial  at  the  Waterford  Assizes  for  the  alledged 
homicide  of  Joseph  Daunt,  esq.,  cannot  refrain  from  giving  our  unsolicited  testimony 
as  to  your  peaceable  disposition  as  well  as  to  your  character  as  a  Gentleman  and  a 
man  of  honour. 

We  feel,  Sir,  that  we  are  authorised  in  so  doing  by  your  being  a  member  of  our 
Corps  for  five  years  ;  and  from  your  having  served  with  us  in  Barrack  for  nearly  a 
month — a  place  of  all  others  most  likely  to  try  the  disposition  of  a  man. 

You  came  amongst  us  as  a  stranger ;  and,  when  you  left  us,  you  carried  with  you 
the  esteem  and  respect  of  the  Corps. 

Carrigadrohid,  March  12th,  1827." 
Signed  by  the  Captain,  Cornet,  and  Sergeants,  and  thirty-two 
other  members  of  the  Corps. 

The  duel,  in  which  Mr.  Daunt  was  shot  dead  at  the  first  fire,  was  one 
which,  it  is  said,  need  never  have  taken  place,  and,  if  a  judicious  friend 
had  turned  up,  the  duel  might  have  been  easily  prevented  and  the  parties 
reconciled.  Mr.  Connor  was  either  acquitted  or  the  prosecution  was  not 

The  above  entry  is  the  last  in  the  Orderly  Book  of  the  period  1822-27. 
The  corps  was  disbanded  not  long  afterwards.  Many  stories  are  current 
in  Muskerry  of  doings  of  various  members  of  the  corps,  practical  jokes 
and  jovial  nights  in  barracks,  in  which  the  whiskey,  of  which  each  member 
had  to  bring  in  a  gallon  on  coming  into  barracks,  played  a  considerable 
part.  But  the  telling  of  the  stories  would  not  profit,  and  some  would 
require  much  tinsel  paper  to  cover  them  properly. 

(6)  Thus  raising  the  number  in  the  corps  to  seventy-one. 


In  1843-44,  during  the  agitation  for  the  Repeal  of  the  Union  led  by 
Daniel  O'Connell,  the  corps  was  again  called  together  by  the  captain, 
Sir  Augustus  Warren.  Thirty-five  surviving  gentlemen  who  had  been 
"  members  in  1821  and  1822  and  in  barrack"  answered  the  call;  and 
sixty-five  others  soon  joined,  making  one  hundred  in  all.  They  were  to 
be  divided  into  horse  and  foot,  and  to  be  called  "  The  Muskerry  Union 
Yeomanry."  Loyal  addresses  to  the  Queen  and  Lord  Lieutenant  were 
forwarded  by  this  body,  which  were  very  graciously  received  ;  but  the 
corps  was  not  actually  re-embodied  then. 

Again  in  1848,  the  services  of  the  corps  were  offered  to  Goverment  to 
"  aid  with  their  lives  and  properties  in  maintaining  the  legislative  union 
between  Great  Britain  and  Ireland,  and  in  resisting  the  seditious  efforts 
now  made  to  destroy  it."  But  the  reply  of  the  Lord  Lieutenant  was  that 
"  it  is  not  the  intention  of  the  Government  to  arm  or  place  on  permanent 
duty  the  yeomanry  corps  throughout  Ireland."  The  forces  of  the  crown 
were  quite  strong  enough  then  without  such  corps  to  cope  with  the 
troubles  of  that  time. 

Again  in  1867,  the  present  baronet,  Sir  Augustus  R.  Warren,  proposed 
to  Government  to  embody  the  corps  once  more,  but  the  Government  then 
also  thought  the  step  unnecessary. 

Oe  Old  Cistercian  )\bbeys  ir\  the  piocese  of 
Casket  and  €mly. 

By  REV.  R.  H.  LONG, 

HE  Rule  of  St.  Benedict,  an  Italian  (a.d.  480-543),  was 
the  first  to  enforce  monastic  celibacy.  In  a  short  time 
after  the  founder's  death  the  Benedictine  order  became 
the  great  monastic  system  of  continental  Christendom. 
At  the  close  of  the  eleventh  century  the  son  of  a 
certain  French  nobleman  being  anxious  to  lead  a  life 
of  pious  seclusion  tried  all  the  orders,  but  particularly 
the  Benedictine,  that  he  thought  might  possibly  suit  his  ideas,  but  none 
satisfied  him,  and  at  length  he  founded  a  monastery  himself,  but  even  here 
he  found  the  tares  of  worldliness  springing  up,  so  with  some  twenty  of 
the  strictest  of  his  companions  he  went  forth  and  founded  another 
monastery  at  Cistercium  or  Citeaux,  near  Dijon.    The  second  abbot  of 



Cistercium  wrote  out  the  Rule  of  this  new  order,  the  third  abbot,  an 
Englishman,  found  it  necessary  to  reform  it  and  enforce  it  with  great 
rigour.  This  rule  was  simply  the  old  strict  Benedictine  rule  with  a  few 
additions  suitable  to  the  times.  The  monks  were  to  eschew  all  pomp, 
pride  and  superfluity  ;  paintings,  sculpture  and  stained  glass  were 
prohibited  ;  they  were  to  eat  but  one  meal  per  diem  from  September  to 
Easter  ;  to  consider  as  poison  food  that  gave  pleasure  to  the  appetite  ; 

Holy  Cross  Abbey. 

to  talk  but  little  and  to  be  constant  in  religious  exercises  night  and  day; 
they  should  accept  no  gifts  of  churches,  altars,  or  tithes,  and  were  to 
refrain  from  intermeddling  with  the  pastoral  office  ;  the  lay  or  "  bearded" 
brethren  attended  to  all  secular  affairs.  Their  abbeys  should  be  planted 
in  lonely  out-of-the-way  places,  with  the  full  consent  of  the  bishop  of 
the  diocese,  and  were  to  be  dedicated  to  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  for 
she  it  was  who  showed  the  second  abbot  the  pattern  of  the  white 
dress  the  Order  should  wear.  Such  were  the  regulations  of  the  Abbey 
of  Cistercium — the  mother  of  all  Cistercian  abbeys  ;  her  daughters 
rapidly  increased  throughout  Europe.  St.  Bernard  joined  the  order 
1 1 13  and  gave  it  an  immense  stimulus,  and  to  his  influence  with  St. 
Malachy  we  owe  our  first  Irish  Cistercian  monastery  of  Mellifont  in  the 


county  Louth.  W  ithin  less  than  a  century  Cistercian  abbeys  sprang  up 
in  every  diocese  in  Ireland.  There  were  four  founded  in  the  two 
dioceses  of  Cashel  and  Emly — Holy  Cross,  Kilcooley,  Owney  or 
Abington,  and  I  lore  Abbey.  Holy  Cross  probably  got  its  first  monks 
from  the  Continent.  Kilcooley  was  a  daugJiter  of  Jcrpoint,  county 
Kilkenny;  I  lore  Abbey  of  Mellifont;  and  Owney  of  Lovignac  in  France. 
Holy  Cross  and  Kilcooley  were  founded  by  King  Donald  O'Brien.  The 
following  is  a  translation  of  his  charter  granted  to  the  former  house  in 
the  year  A.D.  1 182  : — 

"  Donald,  by  the  grace  of  God  King  of  Limerick,  to  all  kings,  dukes,  earls,  barons, 
knights,  and  other  Christians  in  whatever  degree  throughout  Ireland,  perpetual 
greeting  in  Christ.  Kn6w  ye  all  good  Christians  that  I  have  given,  and  by  this 
my  charter  confirmed  Cell-uaiter-lamudin,  Ballidubain,  Balli-e-duibain,  Balli-igiridir, 
Balli-imoeluchain,  Gualuehelach  [or  Ballychelach],  Seirdach,  Bali-ichcallach,  Bali- 
icorcain,  and  Iconligain-culata,  together  with  their  pertinences,  for  the  honour  of  God 
Almighty  and  St.  Mary  the  Virgin,  and  St.  Benedict,  and  the  Holy  Cross  for  the 
salvation  of  my  soul,  and  [the  souls]  of  my  parents — in  fields,  in  woods,  in  pastures,  in 
meadows,  in  waters,  in  fisheries,  in  mills,  fully,  wholly,  freely  and  quietly,  to  the  monks 
of  Holy  Cross,  in  the  presence  of  the  Lord  Abbot  Gregory. 

Witnesses,  Christian,  Bishop  of  Lismore  (Legate  of  the  Holy  See  in  Ireland). 
Maurice,  Archbishop  of  Cashel. 
B.,  Bishop  of  Limerick, 
and  Donall  MacMeic  Cochagh,  Roderick  O'Grady,  Gillpatrick  Vaidelani,  Dermot 
Vaneill,  Reginald  MacMeic  Cormac,  Scanlan  MacMeic  Gorman.  Farewell." 

Prince  John,  apparently  when,  as  a  boy,  he  visited  Ireland  in  11 86, 
confirmed  this  charter  in  the  following  words  : — 

"  Know  ye  that  for  the  love  of  God  and  for  the  salvation  of  my  own  and  the  souls 
of  my  predecessors  and  successors  I  have  granted  and  given,  and  by  these  presents 
do  grant  and  give  to  God  and  the  Blessed  Mary  of  the  Holy  Cross,  and  to  the  Cis- 
tercian monks  serving  God  there  in  free,  pure,  and  perpetual  alms,  the  under-written 
lands,  as  fully  and  freely  as  Donald  O'Brien  gave  and  granted,  and  by  this  charter 
confirmed  to  the  etc." 

In  1320  this  charter  was  again  confirmed  by  King  Edward  II.  thus  : — 
"  Edward,  by  the  Grace  of  God  King  of  England,  Lord  of  Ireland,  Duke  of 
Aquitain,  to  all  to  whom  these  presents  shall  come,  greeting.  Know  ye  that  Brother 
Thomas,  Abbot  of  the  Church  of  the  Holy  Cross,  near  Cashel,  came  into  our  Chancery 
of  Ireland  the  day  of  the  Feast  of  Michael  the  Archangel,  in  the  thirteenth  year  of  our 
reign  at  Cashel,  and  exhibited  in  our  said  Chancery  a  certain  Charter  not  cancelled 
nor  in  any  respect  vitiated  under  the  seal  of  John,  formerly  Lord  of  Ireland  and  Earl  of 

Morton  these  lands  [the  same  as  are  mentioned  in  Donald's  charter] 

I  have  given  for  the  salvation  of  my  soul  and  those  of  my  predecessors  and  successors, 

and  for  the  souls  of  my  soldiers  who  lie  buried  there  I  have  also 

granted  that  they  shall  be  free  from  all  mulcts  in  my  courts  for  what  cause  soever 
they  shall  be  amerced,  and  also  free  from  all  toll  whatever  they  shall  sell  and  buy  for 
their  own  use  throughout  my  land  of  Normandy,  England,  Wales  and  Ireland,  and  that 
their  lands  be  not  put  in  pleven." 



Edward  III.  and  Richard  II.  also  confirmed  this  charter.  The  Bene- 
dictine rule  was  too  severe  to  be  fully  observed  by  men  except  under  the 
influence  of  the  strongest  religious  enthusiasm,  it  is  not  surprising  there- 
fore that  at  the  time  of  the  founding  of  Cistercium  the  Benedictine  monks, 
trusting  in  their  historic  fame,  had  become  by  no  means  an  ascetic  body  ; 
on  the  contrary  they  enjoyed  themselves  exceedingly  well,  and  their 
irreligious  life  brought  their  order  rapidly  into  contempt,  and  it  was 
gradually  supplanted  by  the  Cistercians.  Their  most  famous  house  in 
England  was  Glastonbury  in  Somersetshire;  from  this  house  in  11 84 

Kilcooley  Abbey. 

Philip  de  Worcester,  lord  justice  of  Ireland,  imported  a  body  of  Benedic- 
tines to  a  house  he  founded  at  Kilcomenty,  in  the  diocese  of  Cashel  and 
Emly  ;  another  body  of  them  settled  at  Hore  Abbey,  and  there  is  reason 
to  believe  that  they  had  also  settled  at  Holy  Cross.  At  any  rate  tradition 
says  the  site  of  Holy  Cross  had  been  occupied  by  a  cell  or  monastery 
before  the  granting  of  Donald's  charter,  and  this  monastery  had  been 
called  "  The  cell  or  monastery  of  the  eight  lands,"  which  is  simply  a 
translation  of  the  name  of  the  first  townland  mentioned  in  the  charter. 
Four  robbers  once  attacked  this  cell,  and  finding  no  treasure  they  con- 
soled themselves  by  ridiculing  the  reported  miraculous  power  of  the 


holiest  of  the  two  monks  tlicy  found  there  ;  one  of  the  robbers  ordered 
him  to  display  his  power  by  causing  a  huge  tree  "  to  touch  the  earth  with 
its  bowed  top  ;"  the  hermit  argued  that  he  should  not  tempt  God,  but  the 
robber  threatened  death  or  obedience,  whereupon  the  huge  tree  bowed 
its  crest  to  the  earth  ;  the  robbers  thinking  they  would  prevent  it  rising 
again  caught  hold  of  it,  but  it  rose  lifting  them  up  just  as  King  Donald 
appeared  on  the  scene,  who  ordered  the  robber's  hands  to  be  cut  off. 
This  incident  forms  the  subject  of  the  frontispiece  of  a  book  written  by 
a  monk  of  the  abbey  in  the  seventeenth  century,  and  preserved  in  the 
college  in  Thurles  ;  the  robbers  hands  are  still  clinging  to  the  tree,  while 
they  hobble  maimed  about  the  trunk.  On  whatever  this  legend  may 
have  been  founded,  it  gave  a  sanctity  to  the  place  which  induced  King 
Donald  to  grant  the  site  of  the  old  cell  to  the  now  famous  order  of 
Cistercians,  while  at  the  same  time  he  bestowed  upon  the  monks  "  a 
piece  of  the  true  cross,"  said  to  have  been  given  by  the  Pope  to  his 
granduncle,  King  Murtogh,  about  the  year  mo.  This  relic,  which  was 
very  small,  soon  disappeared,  but  was  replaced  by  a  large  double  cross 
of  rough  wood;  which  is  still  preserved  in  the  Ursuline  Convent  at 
Blackrock,  county  Cork,  and  of  which  some  account  may  be  seen  in  the 
Journal^  vol.  iii.,  p.  46.  It  is  enshrined  in  a  decorated  reliquary  on  which 
appear  to  be  represented  the  symbols  of  the  four  evangelists,  the  cruci- 
fied Redeemer,  the  Virgin  and  Child,  and  what  may  be  the  arms  of 
Butler  and  Burke  to  signify  the  maker  of  the  reliquary.  On  account  of 
this  relic  pilgrimages  were  made  from  all  parts  of  the  country  by  all 
classes  to  Holy  Cross.  It  is  marvellous  how  it  escaped  the  iconoclasm 
of  the  Reformation,  for  it  was  looked  upon  by  the  reformers  as  "  that  idol 
whom  the  Irish  nation  more  superstitiously  reverence  than  all  the  other 
idolatries  in  Ireland."  Such  was  the  popular  reverence  for  it  that  for 
more  than  a  century  after  the  lands  of  the  abbey  were  granted  to  the 
Earl  of  Ormonde,  at  a  rent  of  10s.  4d.,  the  monks  continued  to  be 
maintained  in  the  building  apparently  by  the  alms  of  the  people. 

The  abbots  of  Holy  Cross  were  earls  of  the  county  of  Cross  Tippe- 
rary,  and  sat  as  barons  in  parliament.  This  leaning  towards  secular 
employment  was  but  one  of  the  many  indications  that  the  Cistercians 
like  the  Benedictines  themselves,  soon  found  the  strict  letter  of  the 
Benedictine  rule  intolerable  ;  they  stained  their  glass,  frescoed  their  walls, 
received  grants  of  churches,  and  in  other  ways  infringed  on  their  rule. 
In  1452  Holy  Cross  was  granted  Rathkellan  vicarage  by  Archbishop 
Cantwell,  and  in  1485  the  vicarage  of  Glankeen,  by  Archbishop  Creagh, 
both  in  the  diocese  of  Cashel,  for  Rathkellan  is  no  doubt  the  small  parish 
of  Rathkennon  adjoining  Holy  Cross.  The  archbishop  was  prebend  of 
Glankeen,  and  appears  to  have  frequently  changed  its  impropriator,  for 



in  the  year  1269,  when  Archbishop  David  Maccarwill  turned  the  Bene- 
dictine monks  out  of  Hore  Abbey  and  placed  therein  Cistercians,  he 
granted  Glankeen  to  them.  Hore  Abbey  also  enjoyed  the  livings  of 
Railstown  and  Lismolin  in  this  diocese,  and  other  spiritual  as  well  as 
temporal  possessions,  including  several  mills,  the  principal  of  which  was 
at  Camas  on  the  Suir  ;  their  abbey,  being  in  a  low  marsh  near  Cashel, 
could  have  no  mill  immediately  attached  to  it.  In  Kilcooley  the  land 
about  the  abbey  was  almost  as  low,  but,  by  forming  a  large  lake,  the 
monks  appear  to  have  provided  themselves  with  a  fall  of  water  and  a 

Hore  Abbey. 

fish-pond  at  the  same  time  ;  at  Kilcooley,  too,  there  is  another  structure 
which  seems  to  show  how  the  monks  took  care  to  have  fresh  provisions; 
it  is  a  large  beehive-like  structure,  about  a  hundred  yards  north-east  of 
the  abbey,  which  was  doubtless  a  pigeon  or  ice-house. 

I  will  now  turn  to  examine  the  ruins  of  our  four  monasteries.  They, 
so  far  as  can  be  seen,  bear  a  marked  resemblance  to  each  other,  but 
Holy  Cross  is  by  far  the  most  elegant,  interesting,  and  best  preserved  ; 
they  consist  of  a  large  church  with  central  tower,  nave,  chancel,  and 
transepts,  to  the  south  of  which  lies  the  cloisters,  into  which  open 
the  kitchen,  refectory,  chapter-house,  and  other  monastic  chambers. 


The  beautiful  east  windows  in  the  chancel  and  transept  chapels  of 
Kilcooley  certainly  almost  equal  those  of  Holy  Cross  in  elegance,  but 
the  nave  of  the  former  abbey  is  a  mere  barn  unadorned  by  the  graceful 
arcades  separating  off  the  side  aisles  ;  however,  there  is  little  doubt  that 
Kilcooley  formerly  had  this  decoration.  As  for  Abbey  Owney,  we  can 
say  nothing  of  it,  for  it  has  almost  entirely  disappeared.  Horc  Abbey 
has  probably  nothing  particular  about  it,  except  perhaps  that  its  east 
window  is  not  a  combination  but  three  separate  lancet-lights.  In  Kil- 
cooley there  are  some  ancient  monuments,  for  the  preservation  of  one  of 
which  the  chancel  is  kept  roofed  ;  there  are  also  two  one-seated  sedilias, 
one  of  which  is  handsomely  ornamented  and  engraved  above  with  two 

escutcheons  (Butler  and  ),  but  it  is  not  to  be  compared  to  the  triple 

sedilia  in  the  south  wall  of  the  chancel  of  Holy  Cross.  This  is  formed 
by  three  gracefully  carved  lancet-arches,  above  which  appear  the  arms  of 
England  and  France  combined,  also  the  arms  of  Butler  (a  chief  indented), 
and  of  Fitzgerald  (a  saltire  between  twelve  ermine)  ;  above  all  is  an 
elaborate  canopy.  This  was  evidently  intended  to  seat  the  three  chief 
persons  in  the  abbey  ;  it  is  let  into  the  wall  about  two  feet,  and  appears 
to  have  been  frescoed  at  the  back  ;  judging  from  the  escutcheons  it  is 
supposed  to  have  been  erected  either  by  Eleanor,  daughter  of  James  second 
Earl  of  Ormonde,  and  wife  of  Gerald  fourth  Earl  of  Desmond,  who  died 
A.D.  1 392,  or  by  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Gerald  Earl  of  Kildare,  first  wife 
of  James  fourth  Earl  of  Ormonde.  Tradition  calls  it  "The  tomb  of  the 
good  woman's  son,"  and  contains  stories  about  a  hole  in  a  stone  that  was 
once  attached  to  the  sedilia  ;  this  hole  was  said  to  be  caused  by  a  mira- 
culous dropping  of  water  from  the  roof  on  account  of  an  objectionable 
person  being  buried  there  about  the  year  1584. 

Another  strange  feature  in  the  ruins  of  Holy  Cross  Abbey  is  what  is 
known  as  "  The  place  where  they  waked  the  monks,"  it  is  between  the 
two  little  chapels  in  the  south  transept ;  it  consists  of  two  arcades  of 
three  arches,  supported  by  twisted  pillars  resting  on  low  walls;  these 
arcades  are  about  three  feet  apart,  and  extend  about  seven  feet  out  from 
the  wall  ;  the  Holy  Cross  may  have  been  kept  here  fastened  to  the  wall 
at  the  back  and  hidden  by  curtains  ;  it  was  exhibited  to  the  public  on 
the  patron  days  of  the  abbey — the  1st  of  May  and  the  1st  of  November. 
The  last  great  pilgrimage  to  Holy  Cross  took  place  in  the  year  1601, 
when  Hugh  O'Neill  came  with  his  army  into  the  south  ;  he  left  an  em- 
broidered cloth  at  the  abbey,  which  is  preserved  in  the  college  at  Thurles 
The  last  monk  died  in  the  abbey  in  1724. 



V^anturH  Castle,  County  Cork. 

By  M.  T.  KELLY. 

EW  districts  are  to  be  found  in  county  Cork  more 
lovely  than  that  through  which  the  river  Blackwater, 
"swift  Awniduff"  of  Spenser's  stanza,  flows  in  many 
a  winding  loop,  passing  by  mountains  dark  and 
brown,  or  through  meadows  remarkable  for  fertility, 
until,  after  its  course  of  eighty  miles  from  its  spring- 
head in  the  bogs  of  Kerry,  it  falls  into  the  sea  at 
Youghal.  Among  its  tributaries  are  two  streams,  the  Alloa  and  the 
Dualloa,(l)  which  on  their  way  to  the  Blackwater  meet  in  a  wide  vale, 
surrounded  by  hills,  rising  in  soft  and  pleasing  outlines. 

Close  to  "  the  meeting  of"  these  waters  is  the  small  country  town  of 
Kanturk,  or  Crann-tuirc,  "  the  boar's  head,"  so  called  in  memory  of  an 
animal  of  this  species  being  killed  there  by  some  ancient  chief.  The 
territory  originally  was  in  the  possession  of  the  McCarthys,  the  former 
kings  of  Desmond,  who  contrived  to  preserve  Kanturk  until  the  seven- 
teenth century. 

About  a  mile  from  the  town  or  village,  a  tiny  tributary  called  the 
Brogueen  joins  the  Dualloa,  and  at  the  distance  of  two  fields  from  this 
rivulet  stands  Kanturk  Castle,  which  was  built  (but  never  completed)  in 
the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth.  This  edifice,  raised  by  an  overbearing 
and  savage  chieftain,  Donough  McCarthy,  was  built  in  a  quadrangle, 
three  stories  high  (one  hundred  and  twenty  feet  long  by  eighty  in  width), 
of  common  brown  stone,  with  the  windows,  mouldings  and  coigns  of 
dressed  limestone.  It  went  by  the  name  of  Carrig-na-Sliane-saor,  or 
"  the  rock  of  the  court  of  the  seven  masons  named  John,"  owing  to  a 
legend  that  seven  masons  employed  there  all  happened  to  have  the 
same  name,  Shane  or  John,  and  that  they  were  also  forced  by  Donough 
McCarthy  to  work  without  any  wages.  There  was,  besides,  another 
tradition  that  this  brutal  chief  stopped  all  wayfarers  and  compelled  them 
to  labour  at  his  castle  until  they  dropped  down  dead  from  fatigue  and 
starvation.  Not  satisfied  even  then,  McCarthy  caused  the  blood  of  these 
poor  victims  to  be  mixed  with  the  mortar  used  to  cement  the  stones  of 
the  building. 

(OThe  Duallo,  or  Oom  Duala,  signifies  the  "  double  stream,"  while  Alloa  means  the 
"echoing  river."   The  land  in  the  vicinity  is  excellent.— Smith's  History  of  Cork,  vol.  i. 



Ambitious  that  his  castle  should  excel  all  others  in  the  neighbour- 
hood, McCarthy  determined  it  should  be  roofed  with  glass,  the  works  for 
which  were  situated  (wrote  Mr.  Windele)  on  the  bank  of  the  Broguccn. 

So  stately  and  massive  was  the  appearance  of  the  castle,  with  a  fine 
tower  at  each  of  its  four  angles,  that  McCarthy's  heart  swelled  with 
pride,  and  he  sent  one  day  for  his  step-brother,  a  Mc  Auliffe,  to  hear  what 
he  would  say  in  its  praise.  This  gentleman,  who  was  troubled  by  the 
uncanny  faculty  of  "  second  sight,"  on  his  arrival  gazed  in  silence  at  the 
building,  and  on  being  impatiently  pressed  for  his  opinion,  he  replied 
sententiously,  "  Tis  too  good  for  the  crows  to  live  in,  and  it  will  never 
be  finished." 

The  seer's  words  were  verified,  for  the  English  settlers  established  on 
the  lands  of  Geraldines  ruined  by  their  great  insurrection,  became  sus- 
picious of  Donough  McCarthy's  ulterior  motives,  and  complained  to  the 
Privy  Council  that  the  castle  "was  much  too  large  for  a  subject," 
whereupon  an  order  was  sent  to  McCarthy  to  stop  his  work  just  as  the 
battlements  were  about  to  be  raised.  Unable  to  defy  the  Government, 
Donough  McCarthy  in  his  furious  disappointment  gave  orders  that  the 
glass  roof,  then  nearly  ready,  should  be  smashed  in  pieces  and  thrown 
into  the  Brogueen.  When  Mr.  Windele,  in  the  early  part  of  this  century, 
unable  to  gain  admittance  into  the  ruins,  peered  through  a  window  at  the 
pointed  arched  doorway  into  one  of  the  towers,  he  also  observed  the 
existence  of  three  very  thriving  rookeries  within  the  precincts  of  the  old 
half-built  castle. 

During  the  rebellion  of  1641,  it  is  said,  Donough  McCarthy  was 
killed  by  O'Neill,  Earl  of  Tyrone,  and  that  his  estate  was  seized  by  his 
kinsman  Dermod  MacOwen  McCarthy,  who  mortgaged  the  castle  and 
land  of  Kanturk  to  Sir  Philip  Perceval,  and  this  Englishman  in  turn 
obtained  full  possession  at  the  time  when  the  property  was  forfeited  by 
Dermod  McCarthy  for  his  participation  in  the  rebellion. 

However,  there  is  another  much  more  curious  tradition  respecting  the 
death  of  Donough  McCarthy,  who  was  a  rough  and  most  tyrannical 
man,  hated  alike  by  his  English  and  Irish  neighbours.  His  step- 
brother McAuliffe,  the  seer,  besides  foretelling  the  fate  of  the  castle,  had 
also  predicted  that  some  day  McCarthy  would  be  shot  dead,  which  was 
rather  a  safe  prophecy  at  a  period  when  few,  except  monks  and  women, 
died  peaceably  in  their  beds  "  after  the  victory  of  penance  and  unction," 
according  to  the  quaint  phraseology  of  the  old  annalists. 

McCarthy  consequently  paid  little  attention  to  this  prediction,  and 
he  continued  his  usual  mode  of  life,  until  one  day  he  resolved  to  go  to 
Dublin.  On  reaching  Ball's  Bridge,  outside  the  city,  one  of  his  horses 
having  cast  a  shoe,  a  smith  who  had  his  forge  at  that  place  was  ordered 



to  shoe  the  horse  afresh.  The  man  pleaded  that  he  had  no  iron,  being 
exceedingly  poor,  but  McCarthy,  falling  into  one  of  his  diabolical  rages, 
swore  that  if  there  was  no  iron  the  smith  should  make  the  shoe  out  of 
his  own  tongs.  Much  grieved  at  the  prospect  of  losing  such  a  necessary 
implement,  the  smith  suddenly  recollected  that  he  had  in  his  possession 
an  old  rusty  gun-barrel,  and  going  into  the  forge  he  put  it  upon  the  fire, 
which  he  blew  into  a  white  heat,  while  McCarthy  remained  at  the  open 
door  watching  the  work.     Higher  and  fiercer  grew  the  fire,  when  a 

Kanturk  Castle. 

sudden  explosion  occurred,  alarming  all  who  were  present,  and  Donough 
McCarthy  was  seen  lying  dead  of  a  gunshot  wound.  The  muzzle  of  the 
old  gun  had  been  unwittingly  pointed  in  his  direction,  and  the  fire 
having  heated  the  metal,  a  charge  which  had  lain  there  unknown  to  the 
smith  had  gone  off,  and  thus  in  a  most  unexpected  manner  the  prediction 
of  McAulifTe  was  fulfilled,  and  Munster  was  delivered  from  one  of  those 
ferocious  petty  chieftains  whose  lawless  proceedings  inflicted  so  much 
misery  upon  the  country. 



Zhe  Silver  /liberal  of  the  IRopal  Sxish  Constabulary 

Obverse. — Within  a  spray  of  oak-leaves  and  shamrocks  the  Harp  of  Ireland  crowned — above, 

"  Reward  of  Merit  ";  below,  "  Irish  Constabulary." 
Reverse. — A  wreath  of  shamrock  and  laurel,  and  engraved  in  the  centre: — "  Presented  by  His 

Excellency  the  Earl  of  Carlisle,  as  a  reward  for  distinguished  Police  Service  and  Exemplary 

Conduct,  22nd  Novr.,  1859." 
Engraved  upon  the  edge        First  Head  Constable  John  Crowley." 

HIS  medal  was  pinned  upon  the  recipient's  breast  by  Lord  Carlisle,  when 
Lord  Leutenant  of  Ireland,  at  a  full  parade  of  the  force  in  the  Phcenix 
Park,  Dublin.  Head  Constable  Crowley  was  for  many  years  stationed  in 
Cork,  and  during  the  Young  Ireland  movement  in  1848,  and  the  disturbed 
times  that  followed,  rendered  fearless  and  signal  service  to  the  State  as  a 
Peace  Officer  of  the  Crown.  Among  other  clever  arrests,  was  that  of  Terence  Bellew 
McManus,  who  he  made  prisoner  when  attempting  to  embark  in  disguise  for  America. 
This  order  of  merit  is  of  much  rarity,  as  it  is  never  issued  except  for  signal  acts  of 
bravery.  It  was  conferred  upon  the  late  Head  Constable  Gale,  of  Cork,  for  arresting 
Captain  Mackey,  otherwise  Lomasney,  who  in  the  Fenian  rising  commanded  the  Cork 
contingent,  and  who,  when  arrested,  made  a  determined  resistance,  mortally  wounding 
one  of  the  constables  who  accompanied  Gale. 

On  the  6th  of  September,  1867,  the  following  officers  and  men  of  the  Royal  Irish 
Constabulary  were  presented  with  medals  by  the  Lady  Lieutenant,  the  Marchioness 
of  Abercorn  : — 

Sub-Inspector  Robert  Gardiner. 

,,  Dominick  F.  Burke. 

Oliver  Milling. 
Head  Constable  Richard  Adams. 
Constable  James  O'Connell. 
,,         George  Forsythe. 
,,         Patrick  Derwan. 
,,         Martin  Scarry. 
A  ninth  was  issued  to  Mounted  Constable  William  Duggan,  but  he  had  been 
severely  wounded  by  the  Fenians  at  Glenbeigh  when  conveying  despatches,  which  he 
refused  to  surrender,  and  was  unable  to  be  present.    The  services  for  which  these 
medals  were  granted  to  the  several  recipients  are  as  follows  : — 

1.  Sub-Inspector  Robert  Gardiner.  In  command  at  Drogheda,  who,  on  the  night  of 
the  5th  of  March,  attacked  and  dispersed  a  large  body  of  Fenian  insurgents  assem- 
bled in  that  town,  taking  many  prisoners  and  a  considerable  quantity  of  arms  and 

2.  Sub-Inspector  Dominick  F.  Burke.  In  command  at  Tallaght  on  the  same  night, 
when  the  Fenian  insurgents  were  defeated,  many  taken  prisoners,  and  a  large  quantity 
of  arms  and  ammunition  captured. 

3.  Sub-Inspector  Oliver  Milling,  who  proceeded  on  the  morning  of  the  6th  of  March 
from  Kilfinane  to  Kilmallock,  with  a  small  body  of  constabulary  to  the  relief  of  the 



party  attacked  by  the  Fenians  in  the  police  barrack,  and  with  them  routed  the 

4.  Head  Constable  Richard  Adams.  In  command  of  the  party  surrounded  by  the 
Fenians  in  the  barrack  of  Kilmallock,  who  sustained  the  attack  during  several  hours 
until  relieved  by  Sub-Inspector  Milling.  £jo  from  the  Government  and  ^50  private 

5.  Constable^)  James  O'Connell.  In  command  of  the  party  who  bravely  defended 
their  barrack  at  Castlemartyr  against  a  large  body  of  armed  Fenians,  shooting  their 
leader,  and  putting  the  assailants  to  flight.  £20  from  Government  and  ^15  private 

Medal  of  the  Royal  Irish  Constabulary. 

6.  Constable  George  Forsythe.  In  command  at  Ardagh,  when  an  armed  body  of 
Fenians  attacked  and  fired  into  the  barracks  and  broke  open  the  door,  the  constabulary 
within  returned  the  fire,  wounded  one  of  the  assailants,  and  compelled  the  whole  to 
fly.    A  chevron. 

7.  Constable  Patrick  Derwan.  In  command  at  Emly,  when  the  constabulary  resisted 
a  large  party  of  armed  insurgents,  who  fired  into  the  barrack  and  threatened  to  burn  it 
if  not  surrendered.    A  chevron. 

8.  Constable  Martin  Scarry.  In  command  at  Gurlavoher,  when  the  constabulary 
repulsed  a  large  body  of  armed  insurgents,  who  surrounded  the  barrack,  fired  into  it, 
and  demanded  its  surrender.    A  chevron. 

9.  Mounted  Constable  Duggan,  who,  on  the  night  of  the  13th  of  February,  was 
conveying  official  despatches,  and  was  called  upon  near  Glenbeigh  by  a  large  body  of 
insurgents  to  stop  and  deliver  up  those  documents,  which  he  refused  to  do,  but  pro- 
ceeded with  courage  and  fidelity  on  his  journey,  when  he  was  fired  at  and  severely 
wounded  and  disabled. 

(*)  Up  till  1883  "Constable"  was  equivalent  to  Sergeant,  and  "Acting-Constable"  to  Acting- 



It  was  upon  the  occasion  of  the  distribution  of  these  medals,  that  Her  Majesty 
conferred  on  the  force  the  title  of  the  Royal  Irish  Constabulary,  the  official  announce- 
ment appearing  in  the  Dublin  Gazette  of  Friday,  September  13th,  1867,  in  "General 
Order,  No.  51  "  : — 

"  In  recognition  of  the  loyal  and  faithful  services  performed  by  the  Constabulary  of 
Ireland  during  many  years,  Her  Majesty  the  Queen  has  been  graciously  pleased  to 
command  that  the  force  shall  from  henceforth  be  designated  '  The  Royal  Irish  Consta- 
bulary,' instead  of  'The  Constabulary  of  Ireland.'" 

We  hope  in  a  future  paper  to  complete  the  list  of  the  recipients  of  this  rare  and 
much-prized  decoration. 

%  Silver  /ifteoal  of  tbe  Xosal  Cork  Volunteers  of  1796. 

NOTHER  medal  has  recently  been  added  to  my  collection  of  Volunteer 
decorations,  which  is  of  local  interest,  as  its  recipient  was  enrolled  among 
the  number  of  those  who  belonged  to  the  "  Loyal  Cork."  The  device  and 
inscription  are  both  engraved,  and  these  are  protected  from  wear  and 
injury  by  a  chased  and  raised  rim.  Its  obverse  has  the  harp  crowned, 
between  the  letters  "G.  R.,"  and  beneath  is  1796,  the  date  of  the  enrolment  of  the  corps. 
Under  this  and  above  the  crown  are  two  ribbons,  upon  which  is  the  legend,  "  For  our 
King  and  Country."    The  reverse  is  inscribed — 

'  Loyal  Cork  Volunteers.    Mr.  John  Stacey 
Best  Shot  with  ball,  March  4th,  1798." 



T^ound  Vailed  Cork,  jrom  across  the  river. 

By  JOHN  FITZGERALD,  Council  Member, 

HERE  are  many  interesting  little  stories  which  may  be  told  of  the  ancient 
buildings  in  connection  with  walled  Cork,  of  which  structures  we  possess 
only  the  ruins,  of  some,  only  a  few  relics,  and  of  others  scarcely  a  memory. 
Let  us  go  round  the  map  picture  of  old  Corke,  in  the  Pacata  Hibemia — 
but  this  time  on  the  mainland,  as  we  are  done  with  the  gates  and  flank- 
ing towers.  We  start  from  the  western  end  of  what  is  now  the  North  Mall,  and  we 
shall  go  round  east  and  south,  and  finish  up  with  St.  Marie's  of  the  Isle.  The  Abbey 
of  St.  Francis,  or,  as  the  Pacata  calls  it,  Shandon  Abbey,  stood  a  little  to  the  west  of 
what  is  now  Messrs.  Abbott's  mineral  water  manufactory,  and  this  is  very  easily 
proved,  for  the  holy  well  of  St.  Francis  is  on  those  very  premises.  It  is  a  splendid 
well,  some  five  feet  in  diameter,  with  a  never  failing  supply  of  pure  crystal  water, 
which  always  remains  about  two  feet  deep.  It  is  highly  medicinal,  resembling  in  its 
taste  the  Mallow  Spa,  and  many  people  still  use  it  as  cures  for  weak  eyes,  consump- 
tion, and  other  ailments,  the  Messrs.  Abbott  ungrudgingly  giving  it  to  all  that  come 
for  it.  There  is  a  narrow  little  pathway  round  the  well  which  leads  into  a  room  that 
is  like  a  crypt,  for  the  end  of  it  furthest  from  the  well  is  formed  by  a  solid  rock  of 
red  sandstone.  A  legend  says  that  from  here  there  is  a  subterranean  passage  leading 
up  to  Garrane-na-brahair,  "  the  brothers'  grove,"  but  the  solid  rock  is  an  impassable 
barrier ;  but  there  is  a  very  massive  wall  at  an  angle,  which,  if  removed  from  the  rock, 
might  verify  the  legend.  Visitors  are  quite  at  liberty  to  see  the  well,  but  it  is  not  as 
easy  now  as  when  I  called  there  first,  for  I  had  only  to  open  a  door  and  it  was  before 
me ;  some  machinery  works  near  it  now.  There  are  numerous  vestiges  of  the  abbey 
back  of  the  houses,  and  all  along  the  district  stone  mullions,  inscriptions,  etc.  The 
late  venerable  James  B.  Duggan,  superior  of  the  Christian  Brothers,  told  me  "  that 
when  they  were  building  the  monastery  in  Peacock  Lane,  some  kind  friend  sent  them 
the  rose  stone  of  Shandon  Abbey  that  it  might  be  built  into  the  house  for  good  hick." 
Mr.  John  Leonard,  then  superior,  had  it  done,  and  you  may  see  it  any  day  in  the  wall 
outside  the  kitchen  door,  bearing  the  rose  and  twisted  ornament,  and  the  date  1590. 
The  good  luck  has  never  left  it;  and  you  can  see  a  picture  in  the  Journal,  for 
John  P.  Dalton  (Council  Member),  in  his  "  With  Pen  and  Pencil  Round  Cork,"  had 
that  and  two  other  stones  of  Shandon  Abbey  (which  you  may  see  for  yourself  in  the 
curve  of  Wise's  distillery)  illustrated. 

In  the  last  century  there  was  a  house  and  ferry  where  St.  Vincent's  Bridge  stands  ; 
the  house  was  known  as  the  Lilac  House,  from  a  fine  lilac  tree  that  overshadowed  it. 
Goule's  Weir  (or  whatever  it  is  called  now),  across  the  river  above  the  Lee  Mills, 
belonged,  with  the  fishery  thereof,  to  the  monks  of  Shandon  Abbey  in  times  long  past. 
The  Dole  House  belonging  to  the  abbey  stood  to  the  east  of  North  Abbey  Square 
where  the  lane  runs  up  to  the  rock  steps,  and  it  was  the  place  where  the  monks  doled 
out  charity  in  food  or  clothing  to  the  poor.  It  had  a  little  stream  from  the  river  lead- 
ing to  a  water-gate  of  its  own,  but  I  know  of  nothing  of  interest  in  connection  with  it, 
though  I  know  that  some  of  the  silver  vessels  of  the  abbey  are  still  in  existence. 
Goul-na-spurra,  "  the  centre  of  the  spur,"  did  not  form  an  ornament  to  our  city  at  that 
time ;  it  was  once  a  very  narrow  place  for  the  mail  coach  to  Dublin  to  pass  through  ;  it 


is  open  and  airy  now,  and  is  the  happy  hunting  ground  where  our  city  bands  hunt 
each  other  on  festive  occasions.  It  led  in  old  times  up  to  Shandon  Castle  and  Lord 
Harry's  countric,  and  I  have  something  to  tell  about  it.  I  remember  when  I  was  a 
child  toiling  up  a  break-neck  flight  of  steps  that  led  up  to  Dominic  Street  from  a  lane 
on  Pope's  Quay.  There  was  at  least  one  hundred  of  them,  and  in  old  times  they  led 
up  to  Shandon  Castle.  You  may  look  in  vain  for  the  "Giant's  Steps,"  as  they  were 
called,  for  a  very  minor  builder,  whose  name  rhymes  with  Twiss,  removed  them  for 
some  purpose  of  his  own — 

"  So  the  legend  runneth,  so  the  old  man  tells." 
I  knew  Twiss  myself,  and  he  was  not  a  bit  above  doing  a  little  job  of  that  kind. 
Go  up  to  the  Firkin  Crane,  and  go  down  a  passage  opposite  its  gate,  in  Dominic 
Street,  and  go  through  a  door  which  leads  to  a  little  terrace,  look  over  the  wall  inside 
the  door  and  you  will  see  the  rough  incline  where  stood  the  Giant's  Steps,  and  you 
will  see  a  very  fine  view  of  the  south  of  the  city,  which  was  never  photographed.  By 
the  way,  was  it  the  abbey  gave  its  name  to  the  castle,  or  vice  versa  ?  for  shan,  "old," 
and  dun,  "a  fort,"  makes  the  name,  or  where  was  the  old  fort  itself?  We  have  St. 
Mary's  Shandon  (North  Cathedral),  St.  Mary's  Shandon  (Shandon  Steeple),  St.  Mary's 
(Pope's  Quay),  and  St.  Marie's  of  the  Isle,  of  which  I  will  tell  you  later  on,  as  there  is 
nothing  more  of  interest  in  the  north  in  connection  with  the  map  of  the  Pacata. 

Cross  the  ferry  and  we  go  south  to  the  Red  Abbey.  St.  Austen's,  or  Augustine's, 
called  the  Red  Abbey  from  the  colour  of  the  friars'  gowns,  was  a  place  of  great  note  in 
the  olden  times,  for  its  grounds  extended  up  to  Friar's  Walk,  and  its  rights  to  the  strand 
of  the  river,  including  fisheries.  Its  square  tower  still  braves  the  driving  rain  and  the 
howling  blast,  and  will  do  so  for  another  century  at  least  if  not  meddled  with.  The 
district,  it  might  be  said,  was  all  consecrated  ground,  for  the  House  of  the  Knights 
Hospitallers  of  St.  John  of  Jerusalem  was  but  a  short  distance  south-east  from  the 
abbey,  and  it  may  be  supposed  that  the  monks  acted  as  chaplains  and  spiritual 
advisers  to  the  good  knights  ;  their  lands  joined  and  they  lived  together  in  brotherly 
harmony.  Not  one  stone  remains  of  St.  John  of  Jerusalem's  Hospital.  An  old  grave- 
yard at  the  back  of  the  houses  at  the  south  side  of  Douglas  Street,  and  called  St. 
John's,  is  all  that  now  remains  in  memory  of  the  Knights  Hospitallers.  I  was  at  a 
funeral  at  the  old  place  when  I  was  a  small  boy,  and  the  memory  of  it  remained  with 
me,  for  I  took  a  liking  to  the  quaint  old  place,  and  in  after  years  I  often  stood  looking 
through  the  bars  of  a  little  iron  gate  which  was  the  entrance  to  it,  and  wished  I  could 
get  into  it  again.  There  are  several  priests  buried  there,  but  the  place  is  almost  a 
common  now,  for  you  can  get  into  it  from  any  of  the  houses  in  front  of  it.  There  is  a 
little  stone-mullioned  window  as  a  grave  mark,  and  it  is  placed  upside  down  and 
stands  over  the  earth  like  the  letter  U,  and  it  is  the  only  mark  or  token  of  the  religious 
house  of  which  it  formed  a  part.  I  was  with  C.  G.  Doran,  architect  (Council  Member), 
about  two  years  ago,  and  while  we  were  exploring  the  place  a  working  man  came  up 
to  us  and  said  "  he  was  paid  a  small  sum  yearly  for  taking  care  of  it,  as  the  owner  did 
not  want  it  preserved,  and  she  would  rather  all  the  stones  were  removed."  The  head- 
stone of  a  Cork  soldier  is  the  great  attraction  of  the  place,  for  the  inscription  on  the 
stone  above  him  records  that  he  took  part  in  every  battle  of  the  Peninsular  War 
except  that  of  Waterloo.  It  does  not  say  why ;  it  was  too  much  for  him  perhaps,  and 
though  the  names  of  all  the  battle-fields  are  recorded,  he  left  his  bones  in  his  native 
city.  The  entrance  gate  of  Cat  Fort  is  in  Hospital  Lane,  and  I  think  the  name  of  the 
lane  comes  from  the  hospital  of  the  good  knights.  The  escape  of  Lady  Fanshawe 
from  the  Red  Abbey  is  a  romantic  story  of  the  place,  but  she  did  not  escape  from  the 
abbey,  but  from  the  city;  for,  like  a  valiant  woman  as  she  was,  she  made  her  way 



hrough  the  South  Gate  "through  hundreds  of  naked  swords"  on  the  night  of  the 
siege,  and  at  the  Town  Cross  (centre  of  North  Main  Street)  she  got  a  "pass"  from 
the  general  in  command,  by  means  of  which,  in  a  cart,  she  and  her  children  got  safely 
to  her  husband  at  Kinsale.  There  was  near  being  a  more  romantic  and  tragic  story 
in  connection  with  the  abbey  tower  some  years  ago,  but  as  it  was  frustrated  it  need 
not  be  told.  There  was  an  important  discovery  made  not  long  ago,  for  a  restless 
horse  poked  his  foot  through  the  ground  of  a  yard  in  Cove  Street  belonging  to  Mr. 
John  Sisk,  builder.  •  On  investigation  it  was  found  that  underground  passages  and 
brick  arches  nine  feet  high  communicated  with  the  Red  Abbey.  They  were  filled 
with  dry  rubbish,  like  earth,  and  I  went  to  see  them  with  Captain  Hutson,  of  the  fire 
brigade.  The  first  antiquity  I  poked  out  of  the  rubbish  was  a  rusty  tin  teapot  with 
a  hole  in  the  bottom,  through  which  was  forced  a  bit  of  leather  to  stop  a  leak.  But  it 
was  an  important  clue,  for  it  proved  that  the  passages  communicated  with  sewers  or 
open  places  on  higher  ground,  such  as  Abbey  Street,  and  useless  articles  thrown  into 
them  were  forced  forward  by  the  overweight  of  tons  of  rubbish  hundreds  of  yards 
from  where  they  were  thrown  in,  showing  that  the  old  woman's  rusty  teapot  was  an 
important  archaeological  link  in  showing  from  where  and  to  where  the  passages  led 
out.  A  dog  ran  barking  after  a  rat  through  a  passage  leading  towards  the  Red  Abbey, 
and  though  he  got  safely  home  to  his  master,  it  was  not  by  the  way  he  went,  and,  of 
course,  he  could  give  no  information.  Several  theories  were  broached :  they  were  the 
haunt  of  smugglers  in  the  old  times  (they  were  well  suited  for  that  purpose)  ;  they  were 
wine  vaults  ;  they  were  many  other  things.  But  I  hold  they  were  the  usual  mortuary 
vaults  of  the  abbey,  for  there  were  cartloads  of  bones  removed,  but  no  skulls.  There 
are  similar  brick  arches  under  the  surface  of  French's  Bog,  and  who  can  say  who  was 
the  lunatic  that  had  them  for  wine  vaults.  Mr.  Sisk  could  not  keep  his  yard  open 
until  it  was  decided  whether  it  was  "Tweedle-dum"  or  "Tweedle-dee,"  so  he  closed  the 
passages  all  but  one  arch,  which  he  concreted  and  made  a  tank  of.  There  are  other 
buildings  shown  in  the  Pacata  between  the  Red  Abbey  and  the  South  Gate,  but  I 
know  nothing  of  what  they  were. 

We  pass  Elizabeth  Fort  ere  we  come  to  St.  Dominic's  Mill.  I  was  only  once  in 
that  fort,  and  then  it  was  to  show  it  to  the  popular  American  Consul,  General  J.  J.  Piatt. 
There  is  a  very  fine  view  of  the  north  of  the  city  from  the  ramparts,  and  a  melancholy 
legend  of  some  prisoner  who  made  a  rope  of  his  bedclothes  and  tried  to  escape  from 
that  spot.  But  the  rope  was  too  short  and  he  had  to  drop,  and  was  retaken  fearfully 
injured  and  died  in  prison.  There  was  a  quaint  little  headstone  in  the  graveyard  of 
old  Sinbarry's  which  bore  this  inscription  : — 

here  lyes  a  branch 
of  desmond's  race 
in  thos.  Holland's 
burying  place. 


This  unlucky  Geraldine,  I  think,  who  tried  to  escape. 

Next  is  St.  Dominic's  Mill  in  the  same  spot,  with  its  wheel  across  the  same  stream 
shown  in  the  map.  There  is  an  entry  in  Tuckey's  Cork  Remembrancer v — "In  making 
some  alterations  in  St.  Dominic's  Mill  in  Crosse's  Green,  the  workmen  employed  came 
across  the  stone  coffin  of  Falvey  Foin,  Admiral  of  Munster,  which  was  embedded  in 
the  wall.  They  carefully  had  it  removed,  and  the  courteous  proprietor  of  the  mill, 
Mr.  Keeffe  O'Keeffe,  presented  it  to  the  Dominican  Friars,  St.  Mary's,  Pope's  Quay." 
I  went  many  times  to  see  that  coffin,  and  never  did.  I  asked  all  the  priests,  including 
our  Rev.  Council  Member  Father  Dwyer,  and  they  neither  knew  nor  heard  of  it. 


Then  I  interviewed  John  Burke,  l)iitler  or  something  to  the  friars,  but  with  the  same 
result — failure.  "What  sort  of  a  thing  is  it  at  all,  Mr.  Fitz  ?"  asked  John.  I  described 
what  I  thought  the  admiral's  coffin  was.  "Oh,  I  have  it  for  you,  for  as  sure  as  I  live 
it  is  that  stone  affair  at  the  end  of  the  garden.  Come  along."  I  went  with  him  to  the 
end  of  the  garden,  and  he  hadn't  it  for  me;  for  as  sure  as  he  lived  the  stone  affair  he 
showed  me  was  not  the  admiral's  coffin,  but  the  cut  limestone  capping  of  a  very  large 
gate  pier.  I  can  tell  you  no  more  about  it ;  but  Tuckey  took  his  entry  from  the  Cork 
papers  of  the  date,  and  I — well,  I  gave  up  the  coffin  as  we  give  up  a  conundrum. 
I  have  many  pleasant  memories  of  St.  Dominic's  Mill,  for  I  was  allowed  to  keep  my 
boat  in  its  stream  when  I  was  growing  up  ;  but  there  is  no  fun  allowed  in  the  Journal. 

Now  for  St.  Marie's  of  the  Isle,  and  first  come  round  it  and  see  it  is  an  island 
still.  Start  from  this  old  bridge,  which  is  on  the  same  site  as  the  one  in  the  Pacata. 
Come  west  by  Hall's  Mill,  its  present  name,  and  the  stream  is  under  the  pathway 
you  are  on.  Turn  down  this  passage  opposite  the  churchyard,  and  you  are  stopped 
by  the  stream  washing  the  back  wall  of  the  Convent  of  Mercy,  then  look  east  and 
you  see  the  big  water-wheel  across  the  stream.  Look  west  and  you  see  a  little 
bridge  that  the  stream  flows  under,  come  back  along  westward  under  the  church 
(St.  Fin  Barre's)  and  round  past  Arnott's  brewery,  stop  at  this  little  bridge  between 
the  brewery  and  the  Sisters  of  Mercy's  female  school.  The  bridge  is  the  one 
you  saw  from  the  mill  stream,  and  now  look  to  the  west  over  the  bridge  and  you 
will  see  that  the  stream  runs  past  the  back  of  Bishop  Meade's  palace.  Part  of  it  goes 
by  St.  Dominic's  Mill,  another  branch  of  it  flows  into  the  South  Channel  between  the 
Island  House  and  the  Bishop's  Marsh,  now  the  Cork  and  Muskerry  Railway,  round 
past  Clarke's  Bridge  and  Crosse's  Green  until  you  reach  the  bridge  you  started  from 
(opposite  Keyser's  Hill),  and  you  have  passed  round  the  whole  island.  As  we  pass 
St.  Fin  Barre's  again,  I  may  remark  that  the  Watch  Tower,  with  a  ladder  going  up  to 
it  (as  shown  in  the  map)  is  also  shown  on  the  great  silver  "Monstrance,"  belonging 
at  one  time  to  the  old  church,  which  is  also  shown.  I  am  quite  sure,  for  I  had  the 
Monstrance  in  my  hands,  and  made  a  drawing  of  it  for  the  Kilkenny  Archaeological 
Journal.  Saint  Fin  Barre  is  also  engraved  on  it,  and  he  has  the  stigma  on  his  hands 
and  feet.  Council  Member  Rev.  P.  Hurley,  now  P.P.  Inchigeela,  had  charge  of  it  at 
the  time. 

There  are  many  little  stories  in  connection  with  the  old  St.  Marie's  of  the  Isle. 
Here  is  one  known  but  to  few.  When  the  ruins  of  the  ancient  building  were 
removed  they  fell  into  the  possession  of  the  Cork  Corporation,  and  lay  for  many  years 
in  a  yard  adjoining  the  Lancasterian  Schools.  Commendatore  John  Delany  built  his 
new  house  and  workshops  on  that  very  ground.  As  time  went  on  the  O.  P.  Friars  of 
St.  Mary's,  on  Pope's  Quay,  were  building  their  new  priory,  and  money  was  scarce  and 
building  materials  expensive.  One  winter  night  the  good  prior  of  the  place,  who  is 
now  dead,  was  troubled  about  many  things  for  the  new  building,  and  sent  a  messenger 
up  to  Blarney  Lane  for  a  young  man,  a  friend  of  his.  He  came,  and  the  old  priest 
said  to  him :  "William,  I  want  you  to  do  me  a  good  turn."  "  It  is  done,  Father  Bat,  if 
it  is  in  my  power."  "I  think  it  is.  You  are  Secretary  of  Committees,  and  popular 
with  the  Corporation.  I  want  those  stones  of  St.  Marie's  of  the  Isle  that  are  lying 
useless  in  their  yard,  but  I  cannot  afford  to  pay  more  than  sixty  or  seventy  pound